Social Movement Learning and Knowledge Production in the Struggle for Peace with Social Justice: Case Studies from Four Conflict-Affected Contexts

Lead Research Organisation: University of Sussex
Department Name: Sch of Education and Social Work

Abstract

This participatory, co-produced research seeks to understand how social movements, in some of the most complex and conflict affected contexts in the world, build knowledge, develop strategy, and educate in the pursuance of peace with social justice. Four participatory case-studies of four very different types of social movement, in Colombia, Nepal, Turkey and South Africa will be explored through a process of participatory, collaborative research that is carried out in close collaboration with the respective social movements. The case studies will then be synthesized to draw out comparative insights on the learning and knowledge production strategies of social movements in contexts of conflict.
Recent research on 'peacebuilding' has noted the lack of participation of civil society in peacebuilding processes, which results in peace agreements and peacebuilding processes that while ending the armed conflict, often fail to remedy the underlying factors that produced the conflict in the first place. At the heart of the drivers of conflict in many contexts is inequality, in its multiple economic, political, cultural dimensions: unequal access to resources, land, food, housing, education, healthcare, and unequal treatment before the law and/or the political system, particularly for different cultural and ethnic communities. These are precisely the areas that many grassroots social movements seek to mobilise in favour of. Strengthening social movements seeking to pressurise states to redress inequalities, is therefore a crucial peacebuilding measure and an important area of research that has hitherto received very little attention.

The social movements, who are core partners in the proposed research, are NOMADESC, a grassroots NGO based in Colombia; The Housing Assembly, a grassroots movement from South Africa; The HDK (Peoples' Democratic Congress), a coalition of social movements in Turkey; and the Madhesh Foundation, Nepal, an organisation that works with and for the excluded Madhesh community. Each movement, in different ways, advocates with and for marginalized communities seeking to defend and extend their basic rights to education, health, housing, life, dignity and equal treatment before the law. Each movement, to different degrees, has also been victim to state repression, violence against it members and activists, and sustained surveillance and persecution.

By focusing on the four social movements in diverse political and cultural contexts, we will develop an understanding of the multitude of ways social movements sustain and influence the agenda of social justice in conflict-affected contexts. Within each movement, we will analyse the processes of self-organisation (Fuchs, 2006), carry out 'movement mapping' to identify movement dynamics (e.g. organisations, memberships, ecological interconnections, patterns of mobilisation and stages), strategies (e.g. agenda setting, network ties, communication, movement plan of action) and actions (e.g. demonstration, strikes, boycotts, negotiations, parallel institutional structures). We will pay particular attention to how they cope with security challenges, how they engage in international solidarity and how they communicate with each other and raise awareness through different technological and pedagogical devices.
The research will make an important contribution to research on social movements, research on peacebuilding and research on education in social movements. Furthermore, the research will have real value for the four social movements under investigation, allowing for a period of self reflection and strategic development. It will also feed into real world debates on the struggles, strategies and knowledge production processes of social movements around the world in a period where increasing inequality, conflict and rising authoritarianism necessitate the strengthening of progressive social movements to build more sustainable and socially just societies.

Planned Impact

This research will primarily impact on social movements and their activists, from our four social movements in Colombia, Nepal, South Africa and Nepal. It will also impact on social movements and activists more generally in the four case study countries and activists and movements in the UK. The research will also impact on academics and researchers in the five countries including the UK, and international and national policy makers in conflict-affect contexts, as well as international agencies engaged in peacebuilding processes. Finally, the research will impact civil society organisations supporting social justice movements and a wider community of individuals and organisations that are committed to peace with social justice around the world.

Through a systematic investigation and theorisation of learning and strategy development that occurs within social movements in the four countries, the research will provide an intellectual recognition to the processes, methods and strategies of social movements. Our objective is to begin from the social movements under investigation, and ripple out to national social movements in the respective countries, critical academic/activists in each of the countries under investigation, UK social movements and activists, global communities of critical academics and social movements committed to promoting peace with social justice and also to international institutions engaged in peacebuilding processes.

From the initial framing of this project, we have begun to develop and operationalize an impact strategy. The development of the proposal was initiated through a 3-day visit by leaders of the 4 respective movements to the University of Sussex in October 2016, and we combined a 2-day closed meeting with a one-day public meeting, attended by over 150 students, academics and activists. This event also resulted in a Special Issue of the UK current affairs magazine RED PEPPER (No.212, March 2017), which outlines the four different movements, and explores the focus of the research.

Social Movement Impact: In each social movement under study, the process of research co-production, critical reflection and mass engagement will provide the catalyst for a serious of national retrospective and prospective process of reflection that is likely to have real impact on knowledge and strategy development in the respective movements. Our partner organisations will benefit from research capacity building, methodological training on documenting and systematising movement techniques, approaches, methods and strategies which will provide an intellectual impetus to their movements.

Intra and inter-movement solidarity: Through our 5 workshops that will take place over the two years, one in each country context, including the UK, we have a two-fold impact objective. The first objective is to build inter-country, inter-movement understanding and dialogue, to enhance the respective movements' repertoire and understanding of learning and strategy development in conflict contexts.

Strategic collaboration for international solidarity for social movements: The research will establish a strategic partnership between the four movements and our UK partner War on Want, to promote collaborative learning, research and knowledge exchange in the future. This will promote cross-movement learning about activism: persistence strategies; critique of intra-movement crisis (e.g. corruption, abuse of power, immoral character etc.); resilience to cope with oppression while keeping struggle alive; risks of co-option, factionalism and conversion into violence.

International Peacebuilding Community: research will inform international peacebuilding institutions of potential role of social movements in peacebuilding processes. This will be done through timely dissemination of outputs in multiple forms: full reports, policy briefs, blogs and multi-media outputs.

Publications

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Description 20 Key Reflections Across Educational, Conceptual and Methodological Issues Emerging from this Research
Educational
1. Our case studies point towards dynamic processes of learning and knowledge-making, happening inside social movements as people attempt to make their own history: processes of praxis through which new knowledges emerge. Whilst educational spaces, at their best, are spaces of dialogue where people share their own experiences and reflections, we should not see these as purely experiential. Activists and movements have their backgrounds, literatures, political positions, histories and in all of the social movement spaces we can see fusions of new and older ideas, and old ideas that are new to others. These rich processes of intercultural, inter-movement, inter-generational exchange produce new hybrid frameworks for action, firmly rooted in contextualised and conjunctural political challenges. As our research and the case studies evidence, these can be exciting new directions for movements that challenge both the state but also other social movement practices. The HDK has radically challenged the understandings of political action across Turkey and the radical democratic Congress model has become the gold standard. In Colombia, the NOMADESC/UIP initiatives are having profound influences on concepts of unity and diversity, and movement strategy, and are producing a new conceptual grammar that is emerging across movements. In Nepal, the Madhes movement has revitalised the struggles of indigenous nationalities, Dalits and women for social justice well beyond the liberal directives and the federal constitution that was promulgated in 2015. This has brought tangible benefits not only to marginalised Madhesis but also to other oppressed groups who had been demanding cultural recognition and political representation.
2. Education is often perceived by activists as something that exists only in formal/non-formal contexts, yet the case studies evidence a rich process of education emanating from the range of 'spaces of learning' that social movements offer to members and activists. Activists learn new skills, build self-confidence, develop a greater understanding of the society they live in, its history and its power relations. Central to this process of learning in social movements is its often-experiential nature: activists learn from their peers, from their elders, but they also learn from actively engaging in protests, meetings, activities and in the tasks involved in organising them. The effects of that learning process do not just improve their activism but often pervade all aspects of their lives, personal relationships, family, work life and opportunities. At the same time, increasingly movements are recognising and seeking to harness different dimensions of learning and knowledge through their praxis, including emotional and embodied knowledge and learning.
3. In relation to the above, the project has made us reflect much more on what education means - its often-simplistic equation with 'schooling' - and the myriad ways in which people educate themselves through active political engagement. This is particularly important for people from historically marginalised socio-economic and cultural groups, where they have often been excluded from high quality formal schooling. The process of social movement engagement, the intensive learning, can radically transform people's sense of self, sense of identity and sense of their future. This shows that learning through activism is transformational, as opposed to much formal education in state-centric educational institutions, which is often reproductive. We see this very clearly from the Housing Assembly case study, whereby activism opened up new horizons and possibilities for activists. But we also see it across the other case study contexts in Colombia, Turkey and Nepal.
4. Whilst learning takes place across social movement spaces, recognising the role and importance of education for members and activists and developing an education strategy has the potential to bring great benefits to movements. Thinking about member development opportunities, developing non-formal education programming, can support movements in achieving strategic objectives. Consciously developing an education strategy, reflecting on curriculum and pedagogy, and critically evaluating the education process can be of great benefit and allow movements to project themselves forward. The case of the NOMADESC/UIP experience provides evidence of the powerful effect that a strategic approach to education can bring to movements. It also demonstrates that the process is as important as the learning content: the social movement non-formal classroom can be a space of interaction between different social subjects, building empathy and solidarity, sharing experience, trust and inter-group confidence; and leaders and movements can also learn and develop during the process as they engage with activists, and in doing so build and rethink strategy. Treating education and learning as a holistic process that is intrinsic to political activism then becomes an organisational necessity. It also emphasises the fact that activism itself is a deeply learning-based activity in all its variety. This broad perspective demonstrates the need for an integrated education strategy that can support the movement's objectives.
5. Emanating from all the case studies, we find evidence of rich exchange between older activists and an emergent younger generation. This process of inter-generational learning can transmit teachings from previous struggles and ensure the passing on of historical memory. In HDK, we saw this in action through exchanges between young activists and the engagement of members from the 1968 generation and the 1980 generation (two previous periods of heightened social movement struggle). In the Housing Assembly, we see it in the processes of engagement between ILRIG, which emerged out of the anti-apartheid civic struggles, and the younger generation of housing activists. In NOMADESC/UIP we see this process of inter-generational transfer occurring between tutors and leaders of the pedagogical process and the young generation of activists sent by the respective social movements, as well as older activists that participate in the process. These processes serve to link past struggles with the present, sharpen insights and help people learn from the past. This can also reinvigorate more senior activists' enthusiasm and commitment. Through building inter-generational connections beyond linking up the historical memory of political activity, the movements are also building cross-generational power that can strengthen their success in the struggles ahead.
6. Bringing diversity of identity and thought into the social movement classroom - which in our conceptualisation of learning traverses all of the movement's activities - can facilitate rich engagement conducive to new thinking, new language, and new ideas. This is evident across the movements under analysis, but to very different degrees. For the HDK, that diversity represents all those constituencies left out of the 'one nation, one religion, one flag' mantra of the Turkish state. This has produced a rich dialogue between the left, the Kurds, women's movement, LGBTQ, Alevis and other faith-based identity groups and minoritised ethnic groups. It has also produced new framings, understandings, recognition of difference, new solidarities and a new more inclusive language and vocabulary. It also massively increased the mobilising, and electoral, power of the HDK/HDP. For NOMADESC/UIP, linking trade unions, left wing activists, black, indigenous, peasant, student, and women's movements has similarly transformed the classic aspirations and practices of the revolutionary left traditions that initiated the intervention. Breaking down barriers, building mutual respect, building commonalities has opened up new possibilities, and strengthened the efficacy, of cross movement alliances such as the national Colombian 'Congress of the Peoples' (Congreso de los Pueblos), movement. For the Housing Assembly, whilst they organised around the unity of the working class, the constituencies they mobilised in operated across ethnic differences and divides. Whilst the organising focus was often articulated in term of housing types and housing challenges, these issues often reflected the geographical boundaries of racial apartheid housing policy, and hence provided a platform to build common positions, or attempt to. Dialogues across these sectors helped develop a language that was inclusive of local difference, whilst framing the housing challenge within an anti-capitalist and anti-imperialist position. For NEMAF and the Madhesi, the challenge was to build commonality and a new language to encompass the diversity of the Tarai region, which incorporated different caste groups and cross class identities. Engaging with diverse regional groups, excavating common histories, and constructing a coherent narrative of the 'Madhes' as people, helped to forge the unity through which mobilisations were developed. For all the movements, building relationships between different 'minoritised' groups has been a way of 'majoritising' their opposition, and in doing so creating new subjectivities that regroup identities together in new and exciting ways.
7. Social movements and their activists often learn most intensely during periods of high-level struggle. From the fightbacks against daily evictions in Cape Town, South Africa; the Buenaventura Civic Strike, Colombia; the Madhes uprisings, Nepal; Gezi Park, Turkey and the effects of uprisings in Rojava, Syria - big protest events and revolts can often be highly informative and educational processes. This is the case not only during the events, but also afterwards as activists reflect on what happened, and try to make sense of successes and weaknesses in their actions. Those 'events' often trigger both personal and institutional transformation. Many social movements, and all of the four case studies here, often tell their movement's history through those milestone events. These learnings are then harnessed as part of the social movement's collective memory as they build the future in the present from that past.
8. The generalised desire for more horizontal and participatory movement processes creates more favourable conditions for deeper and more expansive processes of learning and knowledge-making. Where more and diverse voices can be heard, new insights and learnings can be garnered. Crucially, this is not just an issue of cultural justice and recognition (though this in itself is important), but also that diversity of participation can create a vibrant context for the development of new ideas, which can support movement innovation. For Gramsci, the construction of hegemony/counter-hegemony was fundamentally an educational process, and building links and alliances between diverse resisting political subjects is central to the construction of that counter-hegemony.
9. Social movement development is centrally concerned with the production of identity, and that is necessarily an educational issue. Across all the movements we can see the active pedagogical construction of common identities, which underpins allegiances, solidarity and collective power. The nature of this process is diverse across all of the movements, but there is evidence of some commonalities. One key thing is the nature of the revolutionary subject and its rethinking/re-working/adapting. Amongst the political left, this has historically been the working class and/or the peasantry, depending on geography and ideological persuasion. What we are seeing across movements is nuances and divergences opening up. In the politically violent context of Colombia, we documented the emergence of the 'victim' as a political subject, which links past experience of state and state-linked crimes to a collective analysis of Colombia's socio-economic history, in a context where state terrorism has been pervasive. We also saw a renewed role and respect for indigenous and Afro-Colombian movements as spearheads of the movement. In Turkey, we see an elevated role for 'women' as a new autonomous revolutionary subject, inspired by the innovative thinking in the Kurdish liberation movement. This has both strengthened the participation and role of women in the HDK and its leadership, and united diverse women's groups. We also saw the re-awakening of a wide range of minoritised groups, inspired and supported by the example of the Kurds. In the Housing Assembly, we see the production of a working-class identity not rooted in the means of production/exploitation but linked to the site of reproduction - the home: a working-class subject that is precarious, under- or unemployed and part of the informal sector. Commonality and identity is forged in relation to housing conditions, struggles over public services - and often struggles against the police and the state. For the Madhes movement, and for NEMAF, the struggle for identity has been constructed through the production of a community long marginalised, politically, economically, culturally and socially, from the Pahadi elites and their capital, Kathmandu. The solidification and evolution of these identities is developed through processes of engagement, research and knowledge-making, where challenges are raised, debates occur and modifications or transformations take place. Beyond the revindication of the sovereign subject of the minoritised group, in both the Colombian and Turkish case we can also see the tentative emergence of a new more unified post-national political subject that brings together all those minoritised groups to start the process of building an alternative majority. This has resonance with what Mamdani (2020) calls the 'post-national' political subject. Building unity between minoritised groups contains within it the hope of producing a new inclusive majoritised political subject that seeks to include this diversity in its political solutions.
10. State/social movement relationships can alter the conditions under which social movement education takes place. This is evident in both the Colombian and Turkish case studies. The peace negotiations period legitimated the HDK political project, expanded membership and provided the conditions under which public events could take place, diverse and often vulnerable communities could engage in dialogue and new knowledges and understanding develop. The post-coup period led to massive repression against progressive social movements and HDK activities became much more constrained. Open fora were more difficult to create, fear and anxiety reduced participation, and the politics of survival necessarily replaced some of the radical prefigurative work and debates. The openness of the political struggle during the peace process meant that many activists had become visible to the state and thus vulnerable to targeting, demonstrating that open, horizontal and public organising can prove to be a risky undertaking in authoritarian contexts. In Colombia, NOMADESC's popular education work began in the early 2000s in a period of intense repression and violence against social movements. While fear of infiltration and repression are not conducive to engaging in large and open intercultural and inter-movement discussions, this atmosphere did build new bonds of trusts and solidarity between repressed activists and movements, under a broad and critical human rights banner. As the peace process has developed in Colombia, despite its many setbacks, the conditions for open engagement have increased and movement education can currently take place with more confidence. This openness, however, does seem to be closing down, with increased numbers of activists being killed recent years.

What is clear from this is that open, intercultural, inter-movement dialogue has the potential to be a fruitful and dynamic mode of engagement and effective in mobilising population groups, but it benefits from an open political environment where new activists and movements can come together and build trust. This of course can be a risky strategy if widespread state repression returns. However, as we saw in the case of Colombia, that same state repression and intimidation was a catalyst to push diverse groups together - under the banner of the defence for human rights - which later led to the formation of new, renewed and long-term solidarities. Clearly, different types of education and dialogue might need to be deployed in more politically restrictive environments and alternative ways need to be sought for inter-movement dialogue and strategy development to take place. This reflection might also be extended to different modes of social movement and political party structure, whereby more decentralised and horizontal structures suit more open political processes, and more tightly controlled structures might be necessary for movement survival during periods of intense repression.

Conceptual
11. There is strong sense that diversity of identity and demands cannot be located in hierarchies and prioritisations. For both NOMADESC/UIP and HDK we can see a clear shift in left discourse from the unitary primacy of class identity - with other identities existing in the background and with less urgency - to a recognition that gender, race, cultural, and faith injustices need to be heard and redressed in parallel. This is not to diminish the importance of the working class as a political subject, but to recognise that class relations are inter-woven with other identities that themselves have a complex relationship with the evolution of capitalism, patriarchy and imperialism and need to be taken seriously. Race, gender, sexuality, faith-based oppression cannot wait until after the revolution to be resolved, and require intersectional solidarity. This can itself then produce new meanings and understandings and cognitive framings and strengthen solidarities between different groups.

This is a marked shift, but can also be seen as a way of unleashing the agency and power of diverse groups, who finally feel that they can express themselves as they are and as they see themselves. However, the realisation of the need for a plurality of priorities is not without its challenges. As the case of the Madhes shows us, whilst the Maoist revolution in Nepal was the catalyst to the revival of the Madhes movement, Madhesi interests were sacrificed in the peace negotiations that ensued. In Turkey, the HDK was slow to engage fully with the Gezi uprising, due to the priorities of the Kurdish liberation movement which at that time wwas in a delicate stage in peace negotiations. This led to recriminations and accusations of missing the revolutionary opportunity, and produced deep disquiet, particularly amongst leftist and environmental affiliates. Parity of participation does not necessarily lead to parity in decision-making and this remains a challenge for all movements to address. Perhaps what we are seeing here is a time lag between 'intellectual awakening' being transformed into 'political awakening', which is a longer process.
12. In contrast to this, there is also a challenge for identity-based movements not to succumb to a 'leaning in' form of politics, whereby they prioritise their own integration into the system, rather than the liberation and transformation of the system as a whole. In the Madhes, we see evidence of how Madhesi politicians that emerged through, and on the back of the protests, enter parliament and pursue policies and politics based on individual or narrow interests. In post-apartheid South Africa, whilst a transition has occurred, it seems to have privileged the emergence of a black elite, without transforming broader inequalities. In both of those cases, it is the right to be equally unequal, rather than the pursuit of equality, that prevailed. This is where debates between the revolutionary left and the identity-based movements can be most propitious for working out common platforms and positions that redress all forms of inequalities and processes of misrecognition and build transformational processes.
13. Linked to the broader embrace of diversity, are also notable ruptures and shifts in often long-held commitments towards 'modern' versus 'indigenous' knowledge, industrialisation, and environmental issues. Evidence from several of the case studies note a shift from not seeing indigenous and cultural minorities as fully sovereign, thinking subjects, towards recognising the wisdom and knowledge that these communities often hold, their relationship to the environment and their worldviews. We can evidence shifting attitudes towards the Kurds in Turkey, the indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities in Colombia, the Madhes in Nepal. We can also see growing confidence in endogenous knowledge coming from the Housing Assembly, from movements inside UIP and HDK and from Madhes communities. Central to this reawakening were genuine processes of engagement and interaction between diverse constituencies, where ideas were exchanged, perspectives shared and new understandings constructed - which produced this new form of politics.
14. There is also evidence of a shift away from an 'ends justify the means' approach to social movement organising. There seems to be a stronger emphasis instead on a more prefigurative political stance: 'living in the present as we would like to in the future'. This is seen in moves towards more internal democracy and debate inside movements, more reflexivity on issues of diversity within movements, and less certainty as to the final destination, best encapsulated by the phrase 'we make our road by walking'. A less teleological, more deliberative approach. We argue that prefigurative approaches to social movement praxis can be understood as essentially learning-based modes of organising.
15. In tandem with new modes of organising, there is a similar shift in thinking about the state. Whilst a complex debate, there are two dimensions we wish to emphasise here. Firstly, the objective of movements to take state power has increasingly shifted to different forms of territorial power. For the HDK, and the Kurdish liberation movement more generally, there has been a strong shift towards 'Democratic Confederalism' which demands not the taking of state power, but more autonomy, democracy that allows for a bypassing of the state. Rojava, Syria has been the laboratory for this, but also the Kurdish regions of Turkey prior to the collapse of peace negotiations. In NOMADESC/UIP in Colombia, 'territorial peace', projects of autonomy, self-defence - e.g. 'indigenous guards' - are similar attempts to project and defend decentralised modes of community autonomy outside the logics, and often in confrontation with, the nation state. For the Housing Assembly, there is a complex relationship with the state. For some, the Housing Assembly, rather than making claims of the state, is actually making claims on the market directly - by taking land, challenging private provision of public goods etc. For NEMAF, the objective is increased autonomy for the Madhes, whilst continuing to make representational claims on the nation state in terms of quotas for Madhes in the civil service, military etc. For all of the social movements, this inside and outside of the state position is not binary but hybrid, and can change as social movement struggle develops. The clearest example of this has been the brutal crushing of Kurdish autonomy from July 2015 onwards. Secondly, beyond a shift in the objective of taking state power, a strong critique has been emerging on the desirability of the nation-state as a destination. For many in Turkey, Colombia, Nepal, the relationship between nation and state is the problem. Rather than taking state power and replacing it with a different 'nation', or through separation and independence, there is a stronger push for breaking the link between nation and state. South Africa's shift to the 'rainbow nation' is for some a partial example of this (Mamdani, 2020). However, for the HDK in Turkey, the aspiration is to replace the state with a confederalist system of radical, democratic, self-governed entities.
16. In our initial research planning and thinking, we expected to evidence a lot of content related to international solidarity processes. The reality has been somewhat different, with little evidence of impactful solidarity processes. Where international solidarity was revealed, it was often more regional. The most important dimensions of solidarity were seen as the intercultural/inter-movement processes. This perhaps reflects increased national confidence and less dependence on international solidarity, and/or also a decline in international solidarity processes in tandem with the decline of the global justice movement of the late 1990s, early 2000s and the decline of western trade unionism over the last two decades.

Methodological
17. Social movement institutions, by their very nature, are often dynamic and in continual reactive mode. As we have learnt from this study, activists are often incredibly busy, and have little time either as individuals or as collectives, to fully reflect on their own movement's evolution, challenges and strategies; and even less to sit down and write about them. The research process, in that sense, was grasped by the respective movements as an opportunity to take stock and to reflect on their internal education processes and strategies, and seen as a useful and valued process. This both secured the respective institutions' engagement and also facilitated rich debate and discussion, with participants valuing the opportunity for open debate and critical reflection. Importantly, final research products were useful both for the movements and participants and for academic publication and broader distribution. We have also seen examples of the movements learning from each other during the research process, with HDK now developing an education strategy inspired by the Colombian case.
18. The 'systematisation' methodology adopted during this research process was well suited to our overall approach and recognition that rich knowledge exists inside social movements, and that the task is to bring out that knowledge through research spaces that facilitate this. It rests on a premise that those directly engaged in social movements have the best tools to provide an analysis of its evolution, strengths and challenges. However, we underestimated the crucial role that the researchers would play in categorising information, synthesising this, and processing and analysing it for the writing process. Acting as Boaventura De Sousa Santos's 'researcher as translator' is a time consuming and skilled task, requiring a lot from the researcher, both in terms of intellectual skills, but also in mediation/diplomacy and the softer skills of inter-personal relations. The research and writing process is no less complex and difficult when adopting this posture towards intellectual inquiry.
19. Language access and communication across the four projects has been challenging throughout the research, but efforts in this domain have produced strong results. Exchange trips to the different contexts often required translation into several languages: English/Turkish/Nepali/Spanish. Reports were similarly produced in multiple languages, which required extra financial and human resources. But this effort ensures access to knowledge from diverse contexts and enables dissemination processes accessible to communities. Part of the challenge of overcoming epistemicide, is finding ways to overcome the dominance of the English language as the delivery device for the process.
20. Partnership between social movement institutions and researchers can be complicated. Social movements are often suspicious of researchers' motivations, and cautious about both sharing information and engaging in processes with funders from 'imperialist' powers. This has been all the more evident in those contexts where violent repression and conflict are ever-present. Trust, respect and solidarity have proved crucial in overcoming some of these challenges, but this remains a process. Relationships with the movements preceded the project, with longstanding ties between different researchers and their respective movement partners. For some researchers, these relationships would be seen as undermining the objectivity of the research and weakening its veracity. We don't buy into these framings, and see our sharing of some normative commitment to the movements as a positive dimension, facilitating privileged access to information and open engagement. At no point, across the research, were we asked to censor or modify our work.
Exploitation Route Unfortunately, the COVID 19 pandemic meant that we finished the final project without being able to do public disseminations in the respective case study countries. As a result, we had to return a portion of the resources aimed at dissemination, and we are now exploring avenues to secure extra funding for these events. We are also in the process of securing a book contract from a major publisher, and in discussion with publishers for Colombia and Turkey, for versions in both Spanish and Turkish. We have already engaged in a series of online global events, and while we will continue with these, we are aware that face to face engagement is a priority for us to spread our findings more widely.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL https://knowledge4struggle.org/
 
Description Since the commencement of this project in January 2018, we have seena wide range of impacts emanating from the research project, and now after 36 months it is a timely moment to reflect tentatively on some of these. The research project itself is conceptualised by the team as taking the research process as seriously as the final products and outputs. We began the research process with an ethical posture that we should develop a strong sense of collective purpose and collective decision making. Our aim was to move away from colonial models of research where the Northern academics/researchers think and the Southern academics/researchers collect the data. The project proposal was co-designed, resources were carefully and fairly allocated and decision-making processes were thought through democratically. As a core research team, since the beginning of the project, we have met now four times for major inter-team retreats: in Nepal (January 2018), in Turkey (July, 2018), in Colombia (November/December 2018), in Turkey (Jan 2020). These meetings have been crucial in forging a strong sense of collective identity, solidarity and commitment. Each inter-team meeting has combined closed methodological/research planning meetings with field visits to meet with local communities in the respective countries. They also involve public events, where inter-movement dialogue and knowledge sharing can take place. They have become key mechanisms through which the research team learn about the contexts of the different social movements and collectively develop capacity to carry out the research. As a result, our methodological approach - drawing on the 'systematization of experiences' - has been led by NOMADESC, our Colombian partners, who have shared their expertise in this popular education participatory approach to research. These inter-team meetings, apart from ensuring a collective approach to the research, have also facilitated strong opportunities to build South-South and South-North knowledge transfer. Our core research team combine academics and political activists and leaders who are sharing their histories and knowledges and learning from each other and from the contexts that we visit. While true impact takes time and it is still early, we have already seen members of our Colombian Social Movement - NOMADESC , becoming inspired by the gender practices of the Turkish/Kurdish movement the HDK. Similarly, all of the different movement representatives have been influenced by the popular education practices of the Colombian partner NOMADESC. One leading member of the HDK noted that after learning about the pedagogical work of NOMADESC they could not think of political education in the same way - and had to now develop different approaches to their movement's work. Similarly, all team members have noted how the inter-team meetings and visits (Nepal, Turkey, and Colombia) have been both personally and politically transformative - and we intend to monitor and track this more systematically as we proceed. Similarly, the national data collection process, which has adopted an extremely participatory workshop approach, seems to have been embraced by many of the members of the different social movements as an opportunity for them to deeply reflect on their movements' history, and gather diverse voices and opinions. Each movement, in different ways, is therefore treating the research process, as itself a learning moment, which will likely have a long-term effect on the movements themselves. They are taking time to reflect on history, strategy and future directions. Across all of the movements, there has been a strong interest from leaders and activists and full participation. As hoped in the project design, many actors are seeing the research process as an opportunity to strengthen their movement and to share and exchange new ideas. This bodes well for a central assumption of the research, which was that in order to develop sustainable peace in conflict affected contexts that social movements needed to exert their influence and pressure governments to deliver social justice and redress inequalities. These objectives link the research to ODA objectives, particularly supporting SDG 16 "promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development" and SDG 10 "reduce inequality within and among countries". Intellectually, the research is also being well received. There is a strong recognition that there is a lack of research on knowledge production and learning in social movements and that this is an area that needs to be taken more seriously. This is true for the respective social movements in each of the four countries: South Africa, Nepal, Colombia and Turkey, but is also true in the UK. With our UK partner, War on Want, we are currently planning a range of dissemination events across the UK for 2021/2022 to engage with UK based trade union and social movements to support reflections on the role of knowledge production and learning in their organizations. Furthermore, in the academic disciplines of International and Comparative Education, Conflict Studies and the sub-discipline of 'Education in Conflict Affected Contexts', we are working to extend the boundaries of these fields to encourage research that takes seriously the importance and capacity of social movements to develop knowledge, learn and transform their environments. Each of these disciplines is at the interface between academia and policy/practitioners and therefore has the potential to transform international development thinking and policy and practice on the ground. Whilst it remains too early to reflect on the significance of the findings of this research, we already have strong indications that we are breaking new ground methodologically, theoretically and empirically. Whilst the above impact narrative is extremely positive and reflects the collective sentiment of the research team, we are also under no illusions that this is a simple process. Each of the country contexts is extremely complex and challenging, and the movements that we work with face difficult challenges that can threaten their capacity to flourish and develop. Turkey has proven to have been the most complex context. Our lead research partner - Onur Hamzaoglu - Co-Spokesperson for the HDK, was imprisoned as we began the project in January 2018, for signing a letter calling for peace in Afrin,Syria after Turkish military entered the country. He was freed in July, 2018. Another key member of the HDK team Ertugrul Kurkcu - who has been part of our research team since the idea of this research emerged in Sussex in 2016, has now had to go into exile in Europe after being sentenced to several years in prison for making a speech calling for peace in the Kurdish regions. Similarly, Professor Fatma Gok, a key HDK team member, has an ongoing court case for similar charges. Turkey's incursion into Syria in October,2019, led the HDK to reprioritise its core activities due to the emergency situation of many of its members in the Kurdish areas. Many members were arrested and imprisoned during this period. This caused some delays to our research process. However, despite these challenges, HDK have maintained their commitment to the project and asserted its importance for them in this very difficult conjuncture in Turkey's history. Colombia, despite the signing of a peace agreement, similarly continues to remain volatile and dangerous for civil society activists and our partners NOMADESC are under constant threat. In all of the countries, threats and intimidation reflect the daily reality of movements committed to some of the most marginalized communities. All these factors increase both the risk, but also the importance of the research and our research teams are very aware of this. From March 2020 to July 2021, our project and all of our research teams were deeply effected by the COVID 19 pandemic. This radically slowed down the process of finalising the research, and prevented us from doing the final dissemination in any substantive way. We have now finalised the 4 draft case studies, and a final synthesis report which draws together all of the major insights and findings from the study. Since January 2021 we have begun an extended plan of dissemination, and in 2022 we intend to have face to face events in all of the research country contexts(Colombia, Turkey, Nepal and South Africa) and in the UK,. We are also disseminating research findings in a variety of forms: digitally, though report dissemination, through podcasts and summaries (and in multiple languages) that will ensure we provide the best foundations to achieve maximum impact.
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Education,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Description In the Spring Semester on 2019, I have introdued a new 3 hour session on 'Social Movements & Popular Education in Conflict Contexts" to my Master's Module on 'The Global Governace of Education and Conflict' . The is an optional module of the MA in International Education and Development (MAIED), at the University of Sussex. The MAIED prepares students for careers in International Development and Education and in the 18/19 acadmeic year has 45 students from 24 different countries. The addition of the session on Social Movements and Popular Education exposes students to the often neglected role of social movements in strengthening access to quality education in conflict affected contexts, and the valuable role that they can play.
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Many of our MAIED students go on to occupy important roles in the field of International Development and Education, and we seek to support a braodening of the focus of the field towards strengthening the role of social movements in these contexts.
 
Description 'Social Movement Learning & Knowledge Production in the Struggle for Peace with Social Justice' Public Lecture: University of Cambridge, Faculty of Education, Friday, November 16th, 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This paper presented on initial reflections from a two-year ESRC funded research project that began in January 2018, seeking to understand how social movements, in some of the most complex and conflict affected contexts in the world, build knowledge, develop strategy, and educate in the pursuance of peace with social justice. The research will contribute to a redefining of education's role in supporting international development through emphasising how education can play a role in strengthening the capacity of marginalised communities to advocate and struggle for their rights and gain concessions from often recalcitrant elites seeking to reproduce their own power and wealth.
Four participatory case-studies of four very different types of social movement, in Colombia, Nepal, Turkey and South Africa will be explored through a process of participatory, collaborative research that is carried out in close collaboration with the respective social movements. The case studies will then be synthesized to draw out comparative insights on the learning and knowledge production strategies of social movements in contexts of conflict. The social movements, who are core partners in the research, are NOMADESC, a grassroots NGO based in Colombia; The Housing Assembly, a grassroots movement from South Africa; The HDK (Peoples' Democratic Congress), a coalition of social movements in Turkey; and the Madhesh Foundation, Nepal, an organisation that works with and for the excluded Madhesh community. Each movement, in different ways, advocates with and for marginalized communities seeking to defend and extend their basic rights to education, health, housing, life, dignity and equal treatment before the law. Each movement, to different degrees, has also been victim to state repression, violence against it members and activists, and sustained surveillance and persecution. The paper also outlined our understanding of social movement learning and knowledge production and the strategies, methodologies and theories that underpin our approach.

Led to a rang eof emails and a blog post carried out by one attendee https://cpgjcam.net/2018/11/22/bridging-the-gap-between-academia-and-social-movements-learning-with-not-from/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://cpgjcam.net/2018/11/22/bridging-the-gap-between-academia-and-social-movements-learning-with-...
 
Description Focus Group- Research Team Meeting- NEMAF, 10-18 April, Kathmandu 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The research team at NEMAF met to discuss a plan for data analysis and develop key themes emerging from the field data between 10-18 April, 2019. Two key people of Mashes movement were also interviewed during this period: Upend Yadav, who led the Mashes movement and was the Health Minister in the government during this period; and Dr Babu Ram Bhattarai, a former Prime Minister of Nepal who was the Maoist ideologue and second most prominent leader in the Communist Party of Nepal - Maoist, who resigned from the party to establish a new political group that later on merged with National Socialist Forum who was led by Upendra Yadav. Both interviews were significant in light of 31 interviews we had conducted with a broad range of stakeholders in the Mashes movement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 'Learning from Social Movements' Weekly Column by Adnan Celik in Yeni Yasam Newspaper- 28 july 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr. Adnan Celik, research team member (Turkey) wrote a newspaper article about the project and the project team's visit to Turkey in his weekly column in Yeni Yasam newspaper (a daily newspaper) on 28 July 2018. The title of his article was 'learning from social movements'. The article was read and shared widely online and on various social media platforms.

Adnan Çelik, 'Learning From Social Movements'- Toplumsal hareketlerde ögrenme", 28/07/2018, Yeni Yasam Gazetesi, https://yeniyasamgazetesi.com/toplumsal-hareketlerde-ogrenme/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://yeniyasamgazetesi.com/toplumsal-hareketlerde-ogrenme
 
Description 2nd ESRC Project Team Meeting 17-23 July 2018 Turkey 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The second inter-movement project meeting was held in Turkey between 17-23 of July 2018. The research team members and partners from the UK, Turkey, Colombia, South Africa and Nepal met in Istanbul. The aim of the meeting was to develop the research methodology and make plans for the next phase of the research (field work) and provide an opportunity for inter-movement learning and the sharing of experiences. The closed team meetings started with the presentation of Prof. M. Novelli with an update the progress of entire project. This was followed by the presentations of each country team on the progress of the research in their respective countries and on the political economy of their organizations. The research team them moved to talk about what 'Critical Comparative Social Movement Research' means and what and how do we compare?' After the introductory talk on what is comparative research? How do we do it? What are we comparing? What key concepts might we share in the development of our movement case studies? The research team members engaged with the intersections/contrasts/differences between the four cases through reflection of their own organizations and country.
On the second day, Patrick Kane (university of Sussex) and Berenice Celeita (Nomadesc- Colombia) gave a presentation on the Systematization of Experiences. Their presentation gave a brief background to systematization: What is it, how is it done, and how they have done it their context. The presentation was followed by a broader discussion on how to prepare for the research process in each country. The team identified that developing an Archive on each organization, Interviews, workshops and focus groups as possible methods can be used for the systematization. In the afternoon session on the second day, the research team talked about Ethics, Data Collection & Data Processing and discussed in detail the storing and managing of the data collected, confidentiality, consent and how to share and exchange information without breaching the rules on ethics.
On the third day, research team member Dr T. Pherali (UCL) gave a presentation on 'How to analyze data and develop research findings'. After the presentation, the research team collectively discussed how to manage the analysis of the different types of data that gathered and produced during the research and talked about the issues such as data processing, data analysis, data coding, synthesizing findings etc. The closed meetings provided an opportunity for all the research members to talk about their own project, how they can develop a distinct research process and methodology and methods in their own context. Beside these closed team meetings within the research team, the research partner in Turkey, HDK (Peoples' Democratic Congress) organized various activities to create a space for inter-movement learning and knowledge sharing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 3rd ESRC Research Project Meeting: Colombia / November-December 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Research team members from the UK and the research partners from Colombia, Nepal, South Africa and Turkey met in Colombia for their 3rd Research team meeting. People attending the meeting were: from University of Sussex Professor Mario Novelli, Dr. Birgul Kutan, Patrick Kane; Dr. Tejendra Pherali from Institute of Education- UCL; Saranel Benjamin, independent researcher, UK; Berenice Celeita from Nomadesc, Colombia; Faeza Meyer from Housing Assembly, Cape Town; Tula Narayan Shah from Nepal Madesh Foundation and Ertugrul Kurkcu (HDK / Turkey (People's Democratic Congress); Gulistan Kocyigit (HDK & member of parliament for HDP); Salih Keles from People's Democratic Congress HDK.
Between 27th of November and 4th of December (29/30 Nov and 3/4 December) research team members had various closed meetings. The objectives of these meetings were to develop the methodology; deepen the systematization process; to share field work reflection in each country and share initial findings emerging from the field work interactions; and develop the next phase of the research. The two day closed meeting on 29/30 November 2018 in Pance opened up a space for presentations from each country on the progress of their research process and initial findings. During the closed meetings on Monday 3 and Tuesday 4 December 2018, firstly David Erazo (Colombian academic and local investigator on the project with Nomadesc) gave a presentation on the methodology of the 'systematisation of experiences'. The presentation was followed a debate session where the research team members engaged in a fruitful discussion on utilizing this methods in their owned country context. Secondly, the research team talked about some of the emerging thematic areas during the field work. As gender was one of the common thematic area for all research team in four country context, the team talk about the issue of gender within the context of each country and movement. It concluded with a discussion of methodological, administrative and logistical issues, and an evaluation of the visit.

These closed meetings provided the research team time to share their own research experiences with the rest where they ask questions and get feedback from each other's work. These collective debates and discussions also allow the team to create and build a necessary theoretical and methodological theory for the research. Beside these closed team meetings within the research team, the research partner in Colombia (NOMADECS) organised various activities to create a space for inter-movement learning and knowledge sharing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 4th International Research Team Meeting (Istanbul, January, 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The research team members held their 4th team meeting in Istanbul, between January 15-20, 2010. The aim of this meeting was to share the final analysis of each country report with the rest of the team members and collectively discuss on both emerged cross cutting similarities and differences. The team also discussed about how further enrich analysis and talk about the end products, time line and dissemination activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Adnan Çelik, 'The Old Is Dying and the New Cannot Be Born, Yeni Yasam Gazetesi, 9 Eylül 2019, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Adnan Çelik, research team member in Istanbul wrote a piece on social movement's role in social transformation in a daily newspaper, New Yasam Gazetesi on 9 Eylül 2019. The title of his article was 'The Old Is Dying and the New Cannot Be Born, Yeni Yasam Gazetesi.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.yeniyasamgazetesi1.com/eski-olan-olmekte-ve-yeni-olan-bir-turlu-dogamamakta-adnan-celik/
 
Description At the Common Struggle: HDK and HDP (HDK / ISTANBUL) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The research team members, Birgul Kutan (UK) and Adnan Celik (Turkey) organized a one day workshop on 'At the Common Struggle: HDK and HDP' in Istanbul. More than 25 members of the HDK-HDP participated in this workshop to talk about the relationship between the HDK and HDK and what opportunities and challenges exist between these two political forms. Through participatory research methods and working in small groups the participants involved in a very rich discussion and debate and provided useful knowledge based on their own experiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Attence to the 1st NRN Global Knowledge Convention:Expanding Nepal's Knowledge Pool through Diaspora 12-14 October 2018 Kathmandu, Nepal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact On 12-14 Octber 2018, Dr Tejendra co-organised a panel discussion on 'quality education for all' at the 1st NRNA Knowledge Convention in Kathmandu Nepal. The panel focused on how inequalities across marginalised populations including Madhesis persisted and the opportunities that have been created by the new political system and the constitution. The session was chaired by Professor Prof. Mana Prasad Wagley with four full paper presentations and four quick fires. Tejendra presented on the role of education in peacebuilding and social transformation given the historical challenges of political exclusion, legacies of armed conflict and concerns of the ongoing madhes movement. Dr Hari Sharma from the Ministry of Education presented on federalism and education policy in Nepal, providing a range of policy shifts that could enable Madhesis to get involved in educational planning and governance to benefit the historically marginalised populations. Shisir Khanal from Teach for Nepal presented a new approach to improving quality of education through recruitment of volunteer teachers to support struggling schools in rural areas.
The conference was attended by 1500 members of Nepalese scholars working in different sectors across the world and the keynote was delivered by the Prime Minister of Nepal, Mr Khadga Prasad Oli.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.ku.edu.np/news/gallery/1/1stNRNGlobalConvention-2018Brochure.pdf
 
Description Attendance at the Court Case of Prof. Onur Hamzaoglu ANKARA 19 July 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The research team members and research partners attended the first public hearing for Prof. Onur Hamzaoglu, the HDK co-spokesperson, who had been in prison since 17 February, 2018 together with Fadime Celebi, also member of the HDK and the acting chairwoman of the Socialist Party of the Oppressed (ESP). Apart from being the co-spokespersons of the HDK, Prof. Onur Hamzaoglu is a professor of public health, who was dismissed from his position in Kocaeli University in 2016 by an emergency decree after the failed coup attempt in July 2016. The PI of the research project, Prof. Mario Novelli made a public speech before the court to show solidarity and demand the immediate release of Onur Hamzaoglu and Fadime Celebi. Attending the court, for the international delegates, was an important part of learning and sharing from different experiences. While the research team members showed their support and solidarity with the HDK members they also learned a great deal on how the court case operates in the Turkish context and the complex power dynamics within the courtroom.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://mezopotamyaajansi.com/GUNCEL/content/view/29992
 
Description Attendence to HDK 10th General Congress 4-5 Ocak 2020, Ankara 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Adnan Celik participated in the HDK's 10th General Congress on 4-5 Ocak 2020, Ankara Turkey. We shared with the members and delegates of the HDK coming from across 81 cities in Turkey.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Attending the HDK (Peoples' Democratic Congress) 9th General Assembly 12-13 January 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Birgul Kutan from University of Sussex and Adnan Celik (research team member in Turkey) attended the HDK (Peoples' Democratic Congress) General Assembly on 12-13 January 2018. The General Assembly is the most important organ of the HDK where the delegates from across Turkey come together to talk about the current work of the HDK and make future plans. The first day, on 12th of January, there was a Woman's Conference where women delegates across Turkey got together to discuss and debate on issues related to them and made future plans and decisions which were then put forward to the General assembly on the 2nd day - 13 January. The second day, all delegations met and discussed the current issues and made future plans. Attending this two day - general assembly provided a great opportunity for the research members to see and observe how the general assembly works in practice, what issues have been debated and discussed and how decisions are being made. It also gave an opportunity to meet (and talk to) the delegates (around 650 across Turkey) that come from different part of the country. (Attendance was around 700 people)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://bianet.org/bianet/siyaset/204411-hdk-9-genel-kurulu-yapildi-hdp-nin-yolu-hdk-nin-orgutlenmesi...
 
Description BLOG - Knowledge Production on Education in Conflict Contexts: Towards an Ecology of Knowledge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This NORRAG Highlights BLOG is contributed by Mario Novelli, Professor in Political Economy of Education at the University of Sussex, and Director of the Centre for International Education (CIE). This post addresses the challenges and characteristics that comparative education researchers face and argues for the need to critically analyse knowledge production processes of education in conflict affected contexts. The author sets out various suggestions on how to improve and diversify the evidence base for education in emergencies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.norrag.org/knowledge-production-on-education-in-conflict-contexts-towards-an-ecology-of-k...
 
Description Birgul Kutan and Adnan Celik (2019) Researching Learning & Knowledge Production in Social Movements in Times of Conflict & The Case of HDK, Karaburun Bilim Congresi, Izmir. September 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Birgul Kutan and Adnan Celik, project team members for the HDK, made a presentation under the title of 'Researching Learning & Knowledge Production in Social Movements in Times of Conflict & The Case of HDK' on a panel which entitled as 'Social Movement, Knowledge Production and Crisis' at Karaburun Science Conference took place on 6 September, 2019 in Izmir, Turkey. Dr Kutan and Dr Celik shared their first analysis with the audiences. Pof. Fatma Gok and Prof. Onur Hamzaoglu, two research team members at the , were also present at the conference. Prof. Gok made a presentation and chair the whole panel. The presentations were received very positively and generated a rich discussion.
The Karaburun Bilim Congresi takes place annually and is a vibrant and critical academic/activist conference in Turkey.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://kongrekaraburun.org/
 
Description Birgul Kutan and Adnan çelik, 'International Learning Experiences and Knowledge Production Project - Working Paper', HDK, 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Birgül Kutan and Adnan Celik, two lead researchers on the HDK wrote a short summary on the research project under the title of 'International Learning Experiences and Knowledge Production Project - Working Paper for the HDK. The paper was published at the HDK's Term Activity Report, which is written at the end of each year. It also was shared at the HDK's 10th General congress held in January, 2020 in Ankara.

Birgul Kutan and Adnan çelik, 'International Learning Experiences and Knowledge Production Project - Working Paper', HDK: istanbul, 2019 (pp.63-73).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Broadcast/TV appereance: 'What is political wayout now? Here are the solutions', NEPAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tula Narayan Shah talked about in Avenue TV in Nepal on 'What is political wayout now? Here are the solutions'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qy_-ULQpB0g
 
Description CIES Panel, 2021 on Social Movement Learning and Knowledge Making 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact CIES 2021 Theme : 21st Century Socialism and Education: Global Alternatives to Patriarchy, Racial Capitalism and Climate Change

Social Movement Learning & Knowledge Production in Times of Conflict, Crises & Authoritarianism: Insights from Turkey, Colombia, South Africa and Nepal

This panel draws on aspects of the findings of an ESRC funded 2 years research project exploring the learning and knowledge production processes of 4 social movements located in 4 different countries in 4 different continents. The social movements, who are core partners in the research, are NOMADESC, a grassroots NGO based in Colombia; The Housing Assembly, a grassroots movement from South Africa; The HDK (Peoples' Democratic Congress), a coalition of social movements in Turkey; and the Madhesh Foundation, Nepal, an organisation that works with and for the excluded Madhesh community. Each movement, in different ways, advocates with and for marginalized communities seeking to defend and extend their basic rights to education, health, housing, life, dignity and equal treatment before the law. Each movement, to different degrees, has also been victim to state repression, violence against it members and activists, and sustained surveillance and persecution. The research asks three simple, but profound research questions: How do social movements learn and produce knowledge? What do they learn and produce knowledge about? What is the effect of that learning and knowledge production on the movement, its members and the struggle the movements are engaged in? The answers to these questions provide a glimpse into the complex world of radical social movements in a period of increased authoritarianism, austerity and conflict - and sheds light on the nature, content and effect of movement learning and knowledge production on social change.


Paper One:

Social Movement Learning & Knowledge Production in the Struggle for Peace with Social Justice: Synthesis of Key Findings

Presenter: Mario Novelli, CIE, University of Sussex, m.novelli@sussex.ac.uk
This paper will provide an outline of the key findings of the two-year research project that began in January 2018 seeking to understand how social movements, in some of the most complex and conflict affected contexts in the world, build knowledge, develop strategy, and educate in the pursuance of peace with social justice. The paper will contextualise the research, outline its methodology and research process, and then make a number of points around key findings in relation to the 3 key research areas: How do social movements learn and produce knowledge? What do they learn and produce knowledge about? What is the effect of that learning and knowledge production on the movement, its members and the struggle the movements are engaged in?

Paper Two

Gender, Prefigurative Politics & Knowledge Production in Times of Fascism: The Peoples Democratic Congress (HDK), Turkey

Presenter: Birgul Kutan, CIE, University of Sussex. b.kutan@sussex.ac.uk

Founded in 2011 as a union of left-wing parties and social movements, The Peoples Democratic Congress (HDK) aims to represent oppressed ethnic, religious, gender and sexual minorities across Turkey. The idea of HDK emerged out of an analysis of the historical struggles that have taken place across Turkey, with the dream of giving birth to a new type of politics- more horizontal, more diverse, more inclusive - that could unite a diverse range of social forces.
Whilst the HDK was born in the midst of Peace Negotiations between the Turkish State and the Kurdish National Liberation Movement, this context has radically changed, with an attempted coup d'état; war in the Kurdish areas; and an increasingly authoritarian Erdogan government attacking all who dare to challenge the shift to fascism in Turkey. Many activists have been imprisoned, forced into exile and/or into living clandestinely.
Despite the repression, HDK has continued to offer a new vision of doing politics in Turkey. This paper will explore findings from the research project on gender issues. HDK, since its inception, has placed a central emphasis on gender equality and sought to bring into the movement all of Turkey's diverse women's organisations: ethnically, culturally, politically. Central to this process, was a commitment to engage in prefigurative politics - and to live the life in the present that they dream of in the future. This has included equal representation/power sharing/co-chairing of all positions within the movement. The creation of separate women's spaces, commissions, that have allowed for a far greater voice for women than any other political movement in Turkey before. This paper asks the question of what has been learned in these processes? What new knowledge has been produced? What are the challenges and limitations of the gender focus in HDK? And what has been gained though these practices, not just for women, but for the broader movement?

Paper Three

Pedagogies of Solidarity in the Midst of War: The Inter-cultural University of the Peoples in South West Colombia

Presenter: Patrick Kane, CIE, University of Sussex. P.Kane@sussex.ac.uk
In situations of armed conflict, how do social movements learn and produce knowledge in order to sustain and reproduce themselves and their struggles for social change? What pedagogical strategies might be implemented to overcome the impacts of repression and violence, and bring together diverse social actors affected by the conflict? And what role can social movement popular education initiatives in such contexts have in the emergence of new generations of activists or community and social movement-led peace construction initiatives?
Colombia is one of the most dangerous countries in the world to be an activist: according to the state ombudsman institution la Defensoria del Pueblo, 331 social leaders or activists were assassinated between January 2016 and August 2018 (El Espectador newspaper, 2018) - the majority by right-wing paramilitary groups. Despite extremely high levels of political violence and repression over recent decades, the country's vibrant , diverse social movements and civic sectors have not only sustained themselves and their struggles, but have also produced sustained periods of mobilisation around a wide range of issues throughout this period, nowhere more than in the southwest of Colombia.
The Universidad Intercultural de los Pueblos (Intercultural University of the Peoples) is a social movement-led popular education initiative which seeks to build unity, collaboration and capacity within and between social movements in southwest Colombia. This pedagogical process, rooted in and shaped by the realities of the social movements which make up the university, aims both to strengthen the particular struggles of social movements involved and at the same time facilitate the possibility of collective strategizing and action between diverse sectors of the social movement including trade unionists, indigenous, afro-Colombian, urban and peasant communities, students etc. The initiative stretches back over two decades, and has evolved over time in relation to the ever-changing conjunctures and requirements of social movements and trade unions in a region where they have been systematically targeted by the state and its paramilitary allies.
Based on extensive ethnographic fieldwork with social movements in southwest Colombia, as well as a participative systematisation of experiences process of the 19-year strategy, this paper will critically explore the questions raised above.


Paper Four
Knowledge Production & Learning in the Struggle for Social Justice: The case of Madhes Movement in Nepal.

Tejendra Pherali, Institute of Education, UCL. t.pherali@ucl.ac.uk

This paper mainly focuses on the aspect of 'learning' within Nepal's Madhes movement drawing upon Hay's (1995) dynamic model of strategic learning which provides a way of theorising the learning process. Drawing upon qualitative interviews (N=35) with movement activists, will specifically focus on mass mobilisation and innovations in resistance activities to highlight three key areas of movement learning: i) learning about the movement agenda; ii) learning about movement/ resistance strategies and; iii) learning about movement survival strategies. I will argue that the Madhes uprising capitalised on longstanding grievances of Madhesi people but built on radical sensitisation of structural and ethnic inequalities during the second half of the Maoist insurgency period in Nepal (1996-2006). These movement processes have significant strategic importance for other social justice movements in terms of building inter-movement solidarity and mutual learning so, the research and theorisation of grassroots knowledge about struggles could be relevant to the movements and activists who are committed to social transformation.


Discussant: Salim Vally, University of Johannesburg, South Africa. salimvally1@gmail.com

Chair: Mario Novelli, University of Susse
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Commission- Workshop (Housing Assembly) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Six commissions were held on between the 16 May and the 16 June 2019 by the Housing Assembly research team . The commissions were made up of 30 members drawn from 5 of the districts in Cape Town and one in WItzenburg. Each of the commissions had 30 members drawn from a mix of housing types and drawing on women, youth and the disabled. The three commissions focused on a set of three questions that allowed for the individual member to engage with his/her individual learning and consciousness before moving to the organisational learning and consciousness and finally to the overall social learning.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Community Meeting with Dalit Communiity 19 January 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As part of the 1st inter-movement delegation to Nepal on the 19th January, the research team held a community meeting at community house of Goithi, Saptari. The meeting was attended by members of the Dalit community. The group shared their problems including landlessness, illiteracy, health issues, labour and wage problem, sanitation, and violence they had been experiencing. Mr. Sitaram Yadav, a local leader of Federal Socialist Forum, shared the strategies used during Madhesh movement. Following the community meeting, the research team joined local communities for lunch alongside a former Member of Parliament and Maoist leader, Maoist combatants, Members of Legislative Assembly, Local Leader of Nepali Congress, Muslim Leader, Ward Chair, Madheshi Activists and Leader of other political parties.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference Presenartion Kane, P.,' The role of popular education and youth in the struggle for peace with social justice: a case study from southwest Colombia' at 'Youth Activism, engagement and the development of new civic learning spaces' conference, Budapest, Hungary June 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact the Youth Activism, engagement and the development of new civic learning spaces' conference, was held in Budapest, Hungary and was a product of a research project of the same name funded by the Leverhume Foundation. It was an opportunity to test out initial findings of the Colombia Case Study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.york.ac.uk/education/research/cresj/researchthemes/citizenship-education/leverhulmeyoutha...
 
Description Conference Presentation - Novelli, M (2019) Researching Education in Conflict Contexts: Political & Methodological Issues. UKFIET conference. Oxford, UK. September 16-19th, 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Novelli, M (2020) Researching Education in Conflict Contexts: Political & Methodological Issues. UKFIET conference. Oxford, UK. September 16-19th, 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference Presentation - Novelli, M (2019) Researching Learning & Knowledge Production in Social Movements in Times of Conflict & Crisis: Theory, Process, Praxis, Karaburun Bilim Congresi, Izmir. September 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Karaburun Bilim Congresi, Izmir. takes place annually and is a vibrant and critical academic/activist conference in Turkey.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Dedicated Project Website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The is an open source website
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL https://knowledge4struggle.org/
 
Description First ESRC Project launch meeting in Kathmandu - January 2018 -1st inter-movement delegation to Nepal 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact As part of the 1st inter-movement delegation to Nepal 2018 - The first project meeting was held in Nepal from 15-20 January 2018. The research team members and partners from the UK, Turkey Colombia, South Africa and Nepal met in Katmandu to launch the project and set out the entire plan for activities the research and agree on timeline of the research and its methodology . In addition, The aim of this 5- day research meetings were provide a space for inter-movement learning, sharing and exchange of experiences and histories of each country and organization. At the first day on 15 of January, the PI Prof Mario Novelli gave an overview to the research project: Its aim, objectives, research questions, theoretical framework, methods and its partners. This was followed by movement overview, historical and political contexts of the four movement case studies (Turkey, Colombia, South Africa and Nepal) were presented by project partners representing the four movements. These presentation was followed by debates and discussion to think about and build a collective theoretical and methodological framework and talk about the concepts that are used for the research project. On the second day (16 January, 2018) the research team talked about similarities and differences between the four case studies that are located in a particular social, political, cultural and economic context with its own temporal and spatial dimensions and the challenges and problems we may have. On the third day (17 January, 2018), the research team discuss about the intellectual inspirations that gives underpinning to each organization in order to identify local knowledge and intellectual inspirations that have come to shape each organization. The team also talk about the strategies and mechanisms of each organizations in order to organize, promote their ideas, survive and cope especially in the time of conflict.
This three day closed meetings provided an opportunity for all research members to raise any issues on the project, talk about both commonalities and differences of each organization and their location in particular historical, social, political and economic context and make plans for the whole project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Focus Group (Housing Assembly) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The Housing Assembly Research Team organised 6 focus group discussion with its members in June 2019. One focus group was conducted with 15 women in WItzenburg; two focus groups were conducted with 15 youth in Witzenburg and three focus groups were orginised with other members of the housing assembly. These focus groups were done with identified communities who had recently participated in an occupation or eviction, and who through that process chose to join the HA. The focus groups were held in Steenvilla, Bishop Lavis and Ocean View in Cape Town. At these group discussion, the members were provided a space talked about and reflect on their stories and own experiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Focus Group (Women, Gender and Social Change 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The research team members, Birgul Kutan (UK) and Adnan Celik (Turkey) organised a one day focus group on Women, Gender and Social Change. The aim of the focus group was to talk about the HDK's (Peoples Democratic Congress) gender politics and identify in which ways gender is being prefigured. 12 women participated in the focus group discussion. The focus group provided a space for these women to talk about their experiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Focus group - On Education, Educational and Learning Spaces within the HDK- Ankara 15 January 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact As part of the data collection process, In order to identify what educational and learning spaces exists at the HDK, the research team members Birgul Kutan (UK) and Adnan Celik (Turkey) organised a focus group meeting with members of the HDK's education commission, health and policy school activists and members of the reading group of the New Life Association on 15 January 2019 in Ankara. At this focus group meeting, the research team members facilitated a debate to identify what educational/learning spaces exist within the HDK, what have been the learning experiences and what have been the effects of these educational spaces on individuals/institutions through the lived experiences of the diverse members of the HDK (women, individual, organizations).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Focus group- Field Observation in Nepalgunj, Nepal, October 2018 (NO 1) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Along with the interviews, during the field work to gather data, the reseach team in Nepal conducted a number of Focused Group in different geographical locations in Nepal in order to obtain detailed information of the movement. This has been helpful in obtaining information by gathering the people having different experiences of the movement as well as triangulating the information. In total, three FGD were conducted.
The first field observation (focus group) was carried out at Duduwa Rural Municipality, Nepalgunj on 16th October.
Participants were included Md. Estiyak Rai, Minister for Urban Development (Representing Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal (FSFN); Sarva Dev Ojha, Former Minister for Women, Children and Social Walfare; Bijay Vema, Journalist, Nepal Television( NTV). It involved observing how the minister elected from his constituency interacted with his constituents. It was also to understand how people were gathered and the minister addressed his people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Focus group- Field Work Observation 18 November 2018 (Cape Town/South Africa) (2nd FOCUS GROUP) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The research team members at the Housing assembly organized their second Focus group in Lower Crossroads, an area in the Northern Suburbs district of the Housing Assembly. The focus group was attended by 13 youth from the area, youth who were also part of HA political school, of which 5 were male.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Focus group- Field Work Observation 19 November 2018 (Cape Town/South Africa) (3rd FOCUS GROUP) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The research team members at the Housing assembly organized their 3rd focus group on informal settlement. The group was balanced in terms of gender but participants came from various informal settlements that the organization has a presence in. The session was facilitated by Faeza Meyer.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Focus group- Field Work Observation 6 October 2018 (Cape Town/South Africa) (1st Focus group) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Along with the interviews, during the field work to gather data, the research team in South Africa conducted a focus group with the Steering Committee of the Housing Assembly. 13 participants from the different districts across Cape Town (of which 8 were female and 5 male) to discuss the historical timeline of the organizations. In order to maximize the participation and involvement, the participant were divided into smaller groups and discuss collectively.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Focused Group Discussion (FGD) Field Observation in Bhirahawa, Nepal 28 October 2018 (3rd) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The third field observation (focus group) was carried out in in Bhirahawa 28 October 2018. Two sites were selected in Bhairahawa- one in Marchawar and another in Bethari. Marchawar is one of most rural areas of Bhairahawa where six people died during the protest. The visit was arranged to understand the rural perception of the movement, their nature of protest and impressions about the recent structural change of the country i.e federalism, one of the key agendas of the Madhes movement.
In Bethri, a village near the Indian border was visited to understand the extent of police brutality during the movement where six innocent villagers were killed in indiscriminate police firing. It included the death of a four year child who was shot dead in the lap of his mother.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Focused Group Discussion (FGD) Field Observation in Birgunj, Nepal (2nd) 25 October 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The second field observation (focus group) was carried out in Pokharia Rural Municipality of Birgunj on 25th October to understand how the people from the village organized themselves and managed to go to the city to partake in the protests. This was also to explore the rural-urban dynamics of the movement. Participant were included: Pradeep Yadav, Member of Parliament (Representing Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal (FSFN); Ganesh Lath, Former President of Birgunj Chamber of Commerce and Industries; Karima Begam, Provincial Member, Province 2, Former State Minister (Representing Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal (FSFN); Dipnarayan Rauniyar, Mayor, Pokhariya Rural Municipality, Parsa; Salma Khatun, Deputy Mayor; Chandra Kishor, journalist.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Gaining support from Madhes is KP Oli's remarkable success - 18 Feb,2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In this interview, Tula Narayan, research team member at NEMAF speaks about how Nepal's prime minister is gaining support from Madesh on 18 Feb,2019. The title of the interview is Gaining support from Madhes is KP Oli's remarkable success -
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.onlinekhabar.com/2019/02/743181
 
Description Housing Assembly RESEARCH TEAM PLANNING MEETING 15 October 2018, Cape Town, South Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Housing Assembly Research team planning meeting to continue timeline and prepare for research fieldwork. The Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (a different process to the research) was also discussed to see how this process can assist with the research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Intermovemental Exchange and Learning - LAHAN/JANAKPUR, Nepal 18 January 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact As part of the 1st inter-movement delegation to Nepal 2018, after the closed research team meetings in Katmandu, the research team members and partners travelled to Lahan City as part of inter-movement learning and sharing ideas. On 18 of January, the NEMAF (the research partner in Nepal) organized an event in Janakpur with a range of representatives from Madhes movement; women groups, youth, civil society groups, leaders including the Mayor and Deputy Mayor of the town and women, Dalit, Muslim leaders as well as Madhesi Intellectuals. During the meeting each participant talked about their own experience with the research team partners and also research partner had opportunity to share their own.

On the same day, the research team members and partners met with Madheshi activists, Human Rights activists, Muslim activists, journalists and political actors including ward-chair and party leaders in Lahan. The interaction focused on how the movement was initiated organised at local levels and current facets of the struggle.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Interview by Nepal's National Television chanel on education, conflict and Madhes movement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr. Tejendra Pherali was interviewed by Bekti Bishesh from Nepal Avenues Television (Nepal's National Television chanel) on education, conflict and Madhes movement in November 2018. This half an hour talk programme apart from being shown on national TV, it was also broadcasted on Youtube which was widely also shared on social media such as Facebook, Twitter etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zE9HpCNxWXk&feature=youtu.be
 
Description Interview for an education news online (Nepal) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr. Tejendra Pherali was interviewed for an education online news about the relationship between social instability and education debate in Nepal in November 2018. Tejendra's talk here focuses on Local governments' responsibility for making teachers responsible, need for change in educational discourse.
Pherali, T. (2018) Local governments' responsibility for making teachers responsible, need for change in educational discourse (????????? ????????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????, '?????????' ?? ?????????? ?????) http://www.edukhabar.com/news/12674

the interview was broadcasted online and read and shared widely across social media and have received very positive comments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.edukhabar.com/news/12674
 
Description Introduction meeting- Housing Assembly 2 October 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact This internal meeting was organized in order to introduce the research project to the Steering Committee of Housing Assembly. Faeza and Kenneth whom involved in the project primarily gave presentations on the project, its aims, timeline, and methodology. The meeting also provided a space to discuss the future plans and activities for the housing assembly for the project in the South African context. The steering Committee members had a chance to ask questions about the projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited/Keynote Presentations by Dr. T. Pherali at Durham Nepal Study Days (Nepal Conference), 16-17 April 2018 (Univeristy of Durham) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 0n 17th April 2018, Dr. Tejendra Pherali presented a paper on Social movement learning: Creativity, mobilisation and social action in Nepal's Madhesh movement at Durham Nepal Study Days (Nepal Conference) at University of Durham. This two day conference was organized by the Britain Academic Nepal Council. The session was attended by 60 people mostly academics and doctoral researchers who are based in the UK and are engaged in research on Nepal related topics. The paper was well received and some critical questions were raised about difficulties to carry out research on politically sensitive topics such as, Madhes movement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://bnac.ac.uk/activities/16th-nepal-study-days-nepal-conference-all-information/
 
Description Jointly organised Public Lecture: Sussex Centre for Conflict and Security Research and the Cerntre for International Education - . March 2019, University of Sussex 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Mario Novelli, Birgul Kutan and Patrick Kane, presented at the University of Sussex on the latest findings from their Research on Social Movements in Colombia, Turkey , Nepal and South Africa.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Kenneth Matlawe - Opinion news online Mail and Guardian 24 January 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Kenneth Matlawe, an active member of the Housing Assembly, the research partner in South Africa wrote an Opinion piece titled as 'Housing crisis inextricably entwined with land occupations' for Mail and Guardian, an online news site, on 24 January 2019. In this article, Kenneth talks about historical and political context to the current housing crisis, the South African government response to the crisis, the issue of land and legality around the issue, police repression on protests against the land evictions as well as the struggle of the Housing assembly. The article is read and shared widely on various social media.
Matlawe, K. Housing crisis inextricably entwined with land occupations, Mail and Guardian online
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://mg.co.za/article/2019-01-23-housing-crisis-inextricably-entwined-with-land-occupations
 
Description Keynote at Annual Conference of Centre for African Studies, Porto, Portugal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Novelli, M (2021) Laboratories of Learning: Social movement learning and knowledge-making in times of crises. Centre for African Studies 5th Annual Conference, University of Porto, Portugal. December 10th, 2021. Available online at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Molpis82ks
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Molpis82ks
 
Description Media engagement: Talk show with Tejendra Pherali 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Media engagement:

In this talk show, Tejendra Pherali, research team member from UCL (UK) discusses Nepal's educational issues, social movement and social transformation
on Butwal FM (Nepal) in conversation with Sidha Sambad (Direct Dialogue) on November, 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://soundcloud.com/user-110911382/interview-with-dr-tejendra-pherali-final
 
Description Meeting in the Colombian Parliament BOGOTA, COLOMBIA Wednesday 28 November 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The research team members attended a meeting at the Colombian Parliament in Bogota to meet with members of parliament/politicians of the opposition parties and social movement leaders. This meeting was a dialogue between the research team members and the politicians/social movement leaders, in which the research team members were able to learn about the current situation with regards to Colombian politics and the peace process, and the experiences of left and progressive political forces within electoral politics. The delegation were also able to talk about the situation in their own countries, and to compare and share their own experiences. Participants to this meeting apart from the research team members were Alexander Lopez - Senator from Polo Democratico; Neila Ruiz- Senator, Green party; Griselda Lobo- Senator, FARC (political party of the former guerrilla now in paerliament); Ivan Cepeda- Polo Democratico former senator; Antonio Sanguino - Green party; Angela Maria Robledo(Senator, Colombia Humana, and vice presidential candidate); Robert Daza, Coordinador Nacional Agrario (campesino social movement leader); Olimpo Cardenas (Congreso de los Pueblos) Peoples Congress; Jimmy Moreno (spokesperson, Congreso de los Pueblos).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with NOMADESC workers and representatives of ethnic minority women groups Nomadesc house, Cali, Colombia, 29 November, 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact As part of the 3rd Inter-Movement Delegation, Colombia the research team members and partners travelled to Cali to visit and meet the NOMADESC workers in their office. The research team was welcomed by the NOMADESC representatives and workers as well as various representatives (manly women) of ethnic and indigenous people that live in the South-West region of Colombia. The research team was welcomed with a mandala (an indigenous ceremony) and live music from traditional Afro-Colombian folk group. This was followed by short talks from Yanet Ibarguen, president of the Triana Group of Women and Men, victims of the massacres on the Cabal Pombo road (Cali-Buenaventura); Alfamir Castillo (president of the Women Sugar Cane Cutters Committee and mother of victim of extrajudicial execution); Martha Giraldo (Coordinator of National Movement of Victims of State Crimes Valle del Cauca); and Father Javier Giraldo, Jesuit priest and prominent human rights defender in Bogota. The talks focussed on giving an initial insight into the experiences and struggles of some of the organisations and social movements which Nomadesc works with in the South-West region.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with Peoples Congress- Congreso de los Pueblos, Bogota, Colombia, Wednesday 28 November 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact As part of the 3rd Inter-Movement Delegation, Colombia, the research team members met with the representatives and members of the Peoples Congress- Congreso de los Pueblos in Bogota. The members of the Peoples Congress including the spokesperson Jimmy Moreno talked about the history, characteristics and goals of the People's Congress, a national social movement alliance. The research team were able to hear about and discuss the experience of the peoples congress and share their own experiences with them. Particularly fruitful conversations went on between the research partners, HDK (Peoples' Democratic Congress) with the People's Congress, Colombia, as they share very similar organizational structures and aims.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with Sintraunicol and ASRUV (University trade unions), Cali, Colombia - Tuesday 4 December, 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact As part of the 3rd Inter-Movement Delegation, Colombia, the research team members and research partners met with the leaders and members of the two University trade unions: Sintraunicol and ASRUV to talk about the conditions at the universities and academia. At the time of the trip, workers, academics and students of Colombia's public university sector had been engaged in a more than two month-long strike centred on the demand for increased funding to end the economic crisis faced by the sector. This short meeting was a chance for the delegation to hear from two of the state university unions, Sintraunicol and ASRUV, about the struggle for public higher education in Colombia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with Social Movement Leaders, Academics, Human Rights Defenders in Pance, Colombia, 29/30 November 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact During the 3rd Inter-Movement Delegation, Colombia in addition to the closed meetings organised on 29/30 November 2018, the team members and research partners met some of the most prominent social movement leaders, academics, human rights defenders on Colombia. These participant included: Carlos González - trade union leader and professor in Sociology at the University of Valle. Member of the Intercultural University of the Peoples Academic Council; Danelly Estupiñan - activist Black Communities Process (Proceso de Comunidades Negras). Member of the Intercultural University of the Peoples Academic Council; Martha Giraldo- coordinator of Valle del Cauca branch of National Movement of Victims of State Crimes - MOVICE. Member of the Intercultural University of the Peoples Academic Council; Camilo Umaña - Human rights lawyer & professor Universidad Externado. Member of the Intercultural University of the Peoples Academic Council; Guillermo Castaño- Activist, ecologist and anthropologist. One of the founders of the Agro-Ecology movement in Latin America. Member of the Intercultural University of the Peoples Academic Council; Orlando Buritica Member of the Intercultural University of the Peoples Academic Council; Father Javier Giraldo - One of Colombia's most prominent human rights defenders and intellectuals; Jhon Janer Panameño- community leader from Buenaventura. Graduate of the first cohort of Interculutral University of the Peoples; David Erazo- local researcher for Nomadesc in Colombia as part of the project and expert on systematisation; Olga Araugo- member of Nomadesc team responsible for Networks; Victor Hugo Ospina - member of Nomadesc team responsible for communications

They each gave presentations on specific themes in relation to their work: such as peace process, the role of social movements' in peace building, human rights, the rights of peasant communities etc; Afro-Colombian Communities etc, Gender issue and women role in peace building. Father Javier Giraldo, Jesuit priest and prominent human rights defender presented on the Colombian peace process and the negotiations in Havana, which he played a role in; Acedemic, Human Rights Lawyer Camilo Umaña presented on social humanism that provides the intellectual foundations of Nomadesc's work. The research team and partners in all countries have had benefited a great deal from these highly in depth presentations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with peasant community and members of ASOAGROS agro-ecological cooperative, and inter-generational dialogue, Colombia, Sunday 2 December 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The research team members and research partners met with peasant community and members of ASOAGROS agro-ecological cooperative, and inter-generational dialogue in their own territory. This meeting was an opportunity to hear about the struggle of peasants (campesinos) in the rural part of Centro del Valle region in the hills above the city of Tulua, an area heavily affected by paramilitary violence in the late 1990s and early 2000s. The ASOAGROS cooperative is a community initiative aimed at producing ecologically sustainable and organic produce in the area, and was created by the survivors of the violence in the area. The meeting was also a space for inter-generational dialogue, with short talks by graduates from the first cohort of the Intercultural University of the Peoples. The Afro-Colombian leader Naka Mandinga accompanied the group and also participated in the meeting, giving a short talk about the history of Afro-Colombian peoples in Colombia. The delegation gave brief talks about their own experiences and the situation of peoples in their countries. The event finished with the exchange of seeds, a tradition of peasant communities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with the Inter-Organisational Committee for the Defence of the Territories Regained from the Sea in Buenaventura, Colombia; Saturday 1 December 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact As part of the 3rd Inter-Movement Delegation, Colombia, the research team members and research partners met with members of the Inter-Organisational Committee for the Defence of the Territories Regained from the Sea in Buenaventura - civil society alliance. Participants included: Leyla Arroyo (Black Communities Process); Gustavo Mestizo (Jesuit Refugees Service NGO); Jhon Eric Jecka (FUNDESCODES NGO); Adriel Ruiz (FUNDESCODES NGO); Maria Dency Gutierrez (Transformando Mentes community group); Maria Santos Caicedo (community leader, Isla de la Paz neighbourhood); Jhon Janer Panameño (community leader, Isla de la Paz neighbourhood).

In this meeting the research team heard about the local struggle carried out my diverse social actors to defend territory in Buenaventura and the role of this civil society alliance in the city. The research partners from Turkey, Nepal and South Africa were also able to share and discuss their own experiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Meeting with the civil society leaders of the 2017 Buenaventura Civic Strike, Buenaventura, Colombia / Saturday 1 December 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact As part of the 3rd Inter-Movement Delegation, Colombia, the research team members and research partners met with the civil society leaders of the 2017 Buenaventura Civic Strike (members of the Executive Committee), Saturday 1 December 2018. Participants included: Miyela Riascos (Pastoral Social- church organisation); Victor Vidal (Black Communities Process); Narcilo Romero (Committee for Defence of Water in Buenaventura); Javier Torres (water transport confederation); Humberto Hurtado (CUT trade union confederation); Henry Tovar (trade union leader); Father Jhon Reina (catholic church); Yolanda Echeverri (Pastoral Social).

The 22-day civic strike in the city of Buenaventura in May 2017 was one of the most significant social movement uprisings in Colombia's history, involving around 120 civil society group and organisations from the city. This meeting was a dialogue between the international delegation and members of the executive committee of the civic strike. During the meeting, the delegation heard about the experience of the civic strike and what has happened since; and the Buenaventura activists heard about and discussed the experiences of each of the research partner in their own country.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description NVIVO software training workshop 21 January 2019 / CALI , Colombia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact This workshop was facilitated by a training professional in Cali, with the aim of preparing those who will be involved in the coding phase of the research process to be proficient in the use of NVIVO, including two work experience placement social work students from the University of Valle in Cali who will be supporting the research process. It was also attended by other Nomadesc work experience students who will not be involved in the research process but were able to take advantage of the opportunity. The workshop provided a very useful information and training for all the participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Online Presentation on Madhes movement and inclusion by Tula Shah- NEMAF/NEPAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Tula Shah from NEMAF have an online presentation on 'Madhes movement and inclusion' for Political Literacy for Women in Nepal. Tula discussed about the Madhes movement and its history, causes and numerous other aspects related to it.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.facebook.com/plfwnepal/posts/206747321010982
 
Description Online news by KESK (2018)" We met for Social Justice and Peace " 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact In this online news item entitled as 'We met for Social Justice and Peace' , KESK talks about the research team members' visit to the Union and what they talked about and what importance this means for peace, social justice and international solidarity. It is read and shared widely on various social media platforms. KESK (2018)" We met for Social Justice and Peace- Sosyal Adalet ve Baris Için Bulustuk", Confederation of Public Employees Trade Unions (KESK), online news at KESK Website, 19/07/2018, Ankara, http://www.kesk.org.tr/2018/07/19/sosyal-adalet-ve-baris-icin-bulustuk/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.kesk.org.tr/2018/07/19/sosyal-adalet-ve-baris-icin-bulustuk
 
Description Opinion Article by Tula Narayan Shah (NEMAF) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tula Narayan Shah, research team member from NEMAF (Nepal Madhesi Foundation) has published various the opinion articles in the Nepali newspapers. The article analyses Indian prime minister's visit to Madhes and relevance for Madhes movement.
Shah, T. N. (2018) Janakapur's message on Modi's visit (???? ??????? ?????? ??????), Nepal Khabar (available online)
This online article was read and shared widely on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://nepalkhabar.com/np/news/opinion/37496/
 
Description Opinion Article by Tula Narayan Shah (NEMAF) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tula Narayan Shah, research team member from NEMAF (Nepal Madhesi Foundation) has published various the opinion articles in the Nepali newspapers. This article provides an analysis of Nepal's major political party's role in Madhes politics
Shah, T. N. (2018) Congress' mistaken calculations (?????????? ???????? ??? ?????-?????.) Nepal Khabar
The article was widely read and shared on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://nepalkhabar.com/np/news/opinion/52858/
 
Description Opinion Article by Tula Narayan Shah (NEMAF) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tula Narayan Shah, research team member from NEMAF (Nepal Madhesi Foundation) has published various the opinion articles in the Nepali newspapers. This article engages with tensions between the Madhes struggle and current federal politics in Nepal.

Shah, T. N. (2018) How would Madhes engage in politics of resistance and self-governance concurrently (?? ?????? ???? ????? ???????? ? ????????? ??????? ???? ?) Online Khabar
This online article is widely read and shared on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.onlinekhabar.com/2018/01/653532
 
Description Opinion Article by Tula Narayan Shah (NEMAF) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tula Narayan Shah, research team member from NEMAF (Nepal Madhesi Foundation) has published various the opinion articles in the Nepali newspapers. Discusses critical issues about Madhes and deflection from the core movement agenda.
Shah, T. N. (2018) Madhes is overjoyed, Mades is busy (???? ???? ?, ???? ?????? ?), Online Khabar, Available from https://www.onlinekhabar.com/2018/07/695659

The article was read and shared (374) on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.onlinekhabar.com/2018/07/695659
 
Description Opinion Paper on Public protest: Memory and imagination by Tula Shah /NEPAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tula Narayan Shah published the opinion pieces in the Nepali newspapers on Memory and imagination (?????? ??????? : ?????? ? ?????? !), Nayapatrika.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Opinion Paper: 'Politics of tomorrow and tomorrow's politics' by NEMAF/NEPAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tula Narayan Shah published the opinion pieces in the Nepali newspapers and appeared on the national TV programmes: Shah, T. N. (2021) Politics of tomorrow and tomorrow's politics, Janakpur Literature Festival
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.facebook.com/watch/live/?v=803632600510307&ref=watch_permalink
 
Description Panel cluster on "Social Movements, Unions, and Youth Resistance" at Comparative & International Education Societies Annual Conference (CIES), Mexico City, March 26-29 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact During the 2018 Comparative Education Societies (CIES) Annual Conference in Mexico city, March 25-29th, (the biggest annual comparative education conference), Professor Mario Novelli, the Principal Investigator of the research (University of Sussex) together with Dr. Rebecca Tarlau of Pennsylvania State University co- hosted a panel cluster on "Social Movements, Unions, and Youth Resistance: Grassroots Struggles Around Education Learning," . The goal of the panel cluster was to thematically connect papers and panels that touch on the role of mobilization and organizing for achieving educational justice.
The panel cluster began with a three-hour workshop on Sunday, March 25, with the presence of the National Coordinator of Educational Workers (la CNTE), from the states of Oaxaca and Michoacán, Mexico. Around 30 people attended the workshop, listening to six CNTE activists talk about their struggle for democracy within their union and against the Mexican government's neoliberal educational reforms.
There were 5 panels in the panel cluster throughout the week. In the first of them, a range of scholars came together to discuss the topic of social movements and learning, exploring diverse cases from the South African student movement, to refugees organizing in Tijuana, the Boycott, Divest, and Sanction (BDS) movement, and other movements in Turkey, Colombia, and Nepal. In a second session, four faculty members from the University of San Francisco presented their research on engaged scholarship, and how academics can cross borders between the academy and their community. A third panel gathered four young scholars who came together to talk about youth movements in Brazil, Colombia, and Chile, exploring the different strategies that youth employ to demand a voice in their educational trajectories. Another panel focused on a discussion about teacher movements and their unions, and how teachers resist neoliberal reforms in Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, and Sweden. Finally, the last of the panels discussed the connection between refugee education and union advocacy. The CIES 2018 panel cluster was a huge success, bringing students and scholars together throughout the week to debate one of the most pressing issues of our time: strategies for collective resistance and organizing to achieve educational justice. The conversation between social movement activists and academics helped illustrate the continued importance of studying how grassroots movements shape educational reform.

https://cies2018.org/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://cies2018.org/
 
Description Pherali, T. (2019) Politics of marginalisation, myRepublica National Daily July 10, 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tejendra Pherali published an article in myReublica National Daily, a daily newspaper on July, 10, 2019. This article highlights the role of social movements in promoting critical understanding of the agenda for struggle. I argue that activism also teaches important movement skills such as mass mobilization, communication and resistance techniques. Drawing upon the research and personal reflection, I point out how Nepal's politics is entrenched in historical legacies of marginalization and social movements such as Madhes movement can provide an intellectual space to redress inequalities at different levels.
Pherali, T. (2019) Politics of marginalisation, myRepublica National Daily July 10, 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://myrepublica.nagariknetwork.com/news/politics-of-marginalization/
 
Description Pherali, T. (2019) The importance of dialectics, The Kathmandu Post, May 22, 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tejendra Pherali, Research Team Member at UCL, posted an article titled 'the importance of dialectics' in The Kathmandu Post, a daily newspaper in Nepal. The article analyses the importance of critical dialogue across ethnic communities to appreciate the historical context of social segregation. The key message of the article is that the success of social movement also depends on the extent to which social groups outside the marginalized communities appreciate the forms of discrimination and exclusion.

Pherali, T. (2019) The importance of dialectics, The Kathmandu Post, May 22, 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://kathmandupost.com/opinion/2019/05/22/the-importance-of-dialectics
 
Description Political School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The Housing Assembly held a Political School between 20 - 26 July 2019. There were 150 delegates at the school. The political school is a key event for the Housing Assembly's learning and knowledge production process. Data collection for the research was also done during the political school by the Housing Assembly research team . This included two workshop sessions of 30 participants on legal rights to housing; 40 participants on the housing backlog in South Africa and in Cape Town.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation 'Radical pedagogy in the struggle for social justice: A case study from southwest Colombia'; 'New Activism and Exile' panel at Latin America is Moving online conference, 4 March 2021. Presentation by Patrick Kane 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This conference brought together a range of scholars working on Latin America from around the world. The online format made for a broad range of participants, with around 60 people participating. The presentation provoked debate and requests for more information on our social movement learning project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://sites.google.com/view/latin-america-is-moving/latin-america-is-moving-interactive-online-con...
 
Description Presentation at the British Association of Comparative Education (BAICE) annual Conference, York, UK , September 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Mario Novelli presented a paper on 'Social Movement Learning & Knowledge Production in the Struggle for Peace with Social Justice' at the BAICE 2018 Conference in York, UK. His paper was part of a special panel on 'Social movements, indigenous knowledges and collective learning' . The meeting was well attended and produced a range of questions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation on 'The Madhes movement: Learning, impact and challenges', January, 2021/NEPAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On 12th January 2021, Tejendra Pherali presented findings of the study and shared some reflections on key challenges of the Madhes movement in relation to the current political crisis in Nepal. His presentation focused on The Madhes movement: Learning, impact and challenges. The event was organised as part of the Madhes Discussion Series jointly by Martin Chautari and Nepal Madhes Foundation and broadcast live via Martin Chautari's Facebook. The event was attended by 60 people and the recorded video has been watched for more 2,400 times.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=696435317912526
 
Description Presentation on Critical Perspectives on Education, Sustainability and Inclusive Development 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This was a keynote lecture at The third Conference on Critical Perspectives on Governance by Sustainable Development Goals which took place on the 26th and 27th of January 2021, online. Organised by the Centre for Sustainable Development , University of Amsterdam. It was attended by over 100 participants and the talk was followed by commentary and crtique from the head of an importnat NGO and a Government Civil Servant working for the Foreign Office.

The Centre for Sustainable Development Studies (CSDS) is a bottom-up initiative supported by the Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences (FMG) and the Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research (AISSR) of the University of Amsterdam. Launched in 2015, it gathers scholars from different sections of the social and behavioural sciences and establishes bridges with scholars in other disciplinary fields.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL http://csds.uva.nl/conference/conference-on-critical-perspectives-on-governance-by-sustainable-devel...
 
Description Presentation to the Academic Council and allies of the Intercultural University of the Peoples, Colombia, November 3, 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The Intercultural University of the Peoples and NOMADESC (research partners in Colombia) organised an event to introduce the ESRC research project. During this specially convened meeting, Professor Novelli and Patrick Kane introduced the research project to members of the Academic Council of the UIP, which is made up of leading activists of social movements which belong to the UIP as well as academics who have been involved in the process. Participants then engaged in a debate and provided input and suggestions for the research process.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
 
Description Presentation to the Academic Council of the Intercultural University of the Peoples, Colombia - 2 July 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Project team member Patrick Kane gave a presentation to the members of the Academic Council of the Intercultural University of the Peoples (UIP). His presentation involved an update on the progress of the systematisation process, to explain the design of the research process, and to get feedback and input from the members of the Academic Council. Following the presentation the floor was given to the participants where a fruitful discussion took place.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentations to course groups of the new cohort of the Intercultural Universiy of the Peoples, Cali, Colombia, April / May 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Patrick Kane gave short presentations on three different days to introduce the research project to the students of each of the three course of the new cohort of the Intercultural Universiy of the Peoples (UIP) in the Southwest Colombia, to raise interest of the students and make them aware of the project and the other social movements involed in the process, and to get feedback from the new students. A question and Answer session followed after the presentations generated a fruitful debate.

The first presentations was given on 28 April 2018 to Development Models and the Rights of Peoples course group with a participation of 25 students.
The second presentation was given on 11, May 2018 to Life Plans and Social Humanism course group with a participant of 25 students.
The third presentation was given on 19 May 2018Sovereignties and Buenvivir course group with a participation of 25 students
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Pubic Seminar - 20th May 2019 Seminar: Social movement learning and knowledge production in the struggle for peace with social justice Seminar in the Faculty of Social Sciences and Economics, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia. May 20th, 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar in the Faculty of Social Sciences and Economics, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia. The session consisted of a 45 minute presentation, then a Q&A session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Public Lecture, Glasgow University, Robert Owen Centre for Educational Change 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 'Laboratories of Learning': Social Movement Learning & Knowledge Production in Times of Conflict, Crises & Authoritarianism

In an era of increasing global inequality, conflict and rising authoritarianism (Streeck, 2016; Piketty, 2014, Scarhill, 2013, Rogers, 2016) social movements often represent a first line of defence for some of the most marginalized communities on the planet, seeking to defend and extend the conditions for a basic and dignified human existence. The study of social movement organising, learning and knowledge production processes has been identified as one particularly relevant area for social movement analysis, which seeks to be movement-relevant (Donatella de la Porta 2018; Choudry,2018 Novelli 2010; Zibechi, 2007; Santos, 2006). This talk will provide a synthesis of findings of an ESRC funded 3 year research project exploring the learning and knowledge production processes of 4 social movements located in 4 different countries in 4 different continents. The social movements, who are core partners in the research, are NOMADESC, a grassroots NGO based in Colombia; The Housing Assembly, a grassroots movement from South Africa; The HDK (Peoples' Democratic Congress), a coalition of social movements in Turkey; and the Madhesh Foundation, Nepal, an organisation that works with and for the excluded Madhesh community. Each movement, in different ways, advocates with and for marginalized communities seeking to defend and extend their basic rights to education, health, housing, life, dignity and equal treatment before the law. Each movement, to different degrees, has also been victim to state repression, violence against it members and activists, and sustained surveillance and persecution. The research asks three simple, but profound research questions: How do social movements learn and produce knowledge? What do they learn and produce knowledge about? What is the effect of that learning and knowledge production on the movement, its members and the struggle the movements are engaged in? The answers to these questions provide a glimpse into the complex world of radical social movements in a period of increased authoritarianism, austerity and conflict - and sheds light on the nature, content and effect of movement learning and knowledge production on social change.

MARIO NOVELLI (m.novelli@sussex.ac.uk ) is Professor in the Political Economy of Education at the Centre for International Education (CIE), University of Sussex. His research focusses on a variety of issues related to the relationship between education/conflict/war and peace. He is currently Co-PI on an AHRC/GCRF Network Plus research project on the Political Economy of Education in Conflict Contexts and PI on an ESRC funded research on Learning and Knowledge Production in Radical Social Movements in the Global South. He teaches on the MA in International Education and Development. He previously worked at the University of Bristol and the University of Amsterdam.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Public forum 'Construction of territorial peace and alternative pedagogies', Cali, Colombia, November, 3 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This forum, open to the public and promoted via social media, brought together a diverse audience including, academics, local activists and students from Cali universities and Members of the current and future cohort of the Intercultural University of the Peoples (henceforth UIP). The event was a themed discussion around alternative pedagogical experiences from the local to the global level. PI of the project, Professor Mario Novelli gave a presentation introducing our ESRC-funded project. The event included three keynote presentations (Professor Mario Novellli, University of Sussex; Professor Carlos Gonzalez (University of Valle, Colombia and member of the Academic Council of the Intercultural University of the Peoples); Berenice Celeyta, director of Nomadesc (research partner in Colombia) and member of the Academic Council of the Intercultural University of the Peoples). The event also included open-floor questions and debate after the presentations, and music and dance presentations by indigenous and afro-Colombian youth folk groups.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Public forum: 'Social movement learning and knowledge dialogue in the struggle for social justice'; Cali, Colombia - Tuesday 4 December 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As part of the 3rd Inter-Movement Delegation, Colombia and as an end event to finalise the week, the research partner NOMADESC organised a Public forum at the Valle University, Cali (Cali's public university). The objective of this public event was to provide a chance for all the research team members and partner to present the project, share the experiences of the social movements involved in the project to a wide range of local audience in Cali including academics, students, civil society leaders, social movement leaders, representatives of local communities (black, peasants, indigenous) and members of the current cohort of the Intercultural University of the Peoples. The event also included musical and dance performances from peasant and afro-Colombian folk traditions. Keynote speakers included Mario Novelli- University of Sussex; Gulistan Kilic Kocyigit, HDK, Turkey; Tula Narayan Shah - Nepal Madhesh Foundation; Faeza Meyer- Housing Assembly, South Africa; Marilen Serna- national spokesperson for People's Congress, Colombia; Ertugrul Kurkcu, HDK (Turkey); Tejendra Pherali, UCL (UK)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Public meeting: 'Testimonies of the Kurdish Revolution' Bogota, Colombia, Tuesday 27 November 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The research Team members from Turkey took part in a public meeting that was organised by the Kurdish solidarity forum in Bogota / Colombia, a group recently set up and which involves people from different social movements and organisations, including Congreso de los Pueblos (People's Congress). The purpose of the meeting was for local Colombian activists to gain a deeper understanding of the situation of the Kurdish people, and of the broader political and social situation in Turkey. The team members from the HDK talked about issues like democracy, politics, human rights and the effect of the current changes on the HDK and its activities and on society. A question and answer session followed the presentations and generated a very fruitful debate.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description ROUNDTABLE DISCUSSION WITH CIVIL SOCIETY GROUPS AND SOCIAL MOVEMENT LEADERS in Diyarbakir, 20 July 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact As part of the Inter-team exchange delegation to Turkey, the research team members had a half-day Round-table discussion with 34 representatives from diverse social movements and civil society organizations, including representatives of the local media and minority ethnic and religious groups operating in Diyarbakir. At this Round-table discussion each participant talked about their work and shared their own experiences with the research team members. They particularly talked about the increased authoritarian government policies and practices especially since the end of peace negotiations 2015 and the failed coup in 2016, and how this had affected their work especially their previous work in peace and democracy in the region. Similarly, the research team members and research partners talked about and shared their own experiences with the participants . The civil society groups and social movements that participated in this meeting were: the Democratic Society Congress (DTK), Democratic Party of Regions (DBP), Platform against the Demolition of Sur, Mesopotamian Ecology Movement, Egitim-Sen (Education Union), KESK (Confederation of Public Employees Trade Unions), DISK (Confederation of Progressive Trade Unions Of Turkey), TMMOB (The Union of Chambers of Turkish Engineers and Architects), TTB (The Turkish Medical Association), IHD (Human Right Association- Diyarbakir), Diyarbakir Bar Association, Union of Syriac , Pir Sultan Abdal Association, MEYA-DER (Mesopotamia Solidarity Organisation) and The Peace Mothers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Research Seminar - Social Movement Learning and Knowledge Production in the Struggle for Peace with Social Justice: Case Studies from Four Conflict-Affected Contexts (2018-2020). Presented by Birgul Kutan, Patrick Kane and Mario Novelli 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Research Seminar Jointly organised by the University of Sussex Researcher Centres: Centre for Intenrational Education & The Sussex Centre for Conflict and Security Research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Research Seminar: Social movement learning and knowledge production in the struggle for peace with social justice: A case study from Southwest Colombia Education in Conflict and Emergencies Seminar Series, UCL Institute of Education, London Audience: students and academics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The Education in Conflict and Emergencies Seminar Series, run by UCL Institute of Education, London is an important public seminar series that dicusses different aspects of the Eduction/Conflict Relationship.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://knowledge4struggle.org/seminar-recording-social-movement-learning-knowledge-production-in-th...
 
Description Research Team Focus Groups (Housing Assembly, South Africa) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Research Team members at Housing Assembly had organised 6 Focus Groups. At these focus groups, the research team members talked about the research questions. The discussion were about to test the research questions but also to gather information from the team which is made up of founding and new members. These were held from the 3 - 5 May 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Research Team Meeting - Focus Group (NEMAF- 8-16 Nov, 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Nepal research team met in Butwal, Nepal between 8-16 November, 2019 to harmonize the data analysis and start drafting the report. The key emerging themes were discussed rigorously and progress was made in developing different sections in the report.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Research Team Retreat (Housing Assembly, South Africa) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The Housing Assembly the research team together the lead Researcher based in the UK held a research team retreat from the 25 - 29 March 2019 in Cape Town, South Africa. The key objectives of the retreat was to: Conduct a reflection and learning from the pilot study completed in 2018; Review of the four key research questions with the aim of asking them in a way that Housing Assembly members and stakeholders can understand and be able to respond to; Engage in a stakeholder and power mapping exercise with the aim of identifying the sample for the research study; Engage in geographic mapping to identify sites of data collection; Reflection on how we capture the data and how we can position the home as a site of resistance and oppression
The key outcome from the research retreat was a collective understanding amongst the research team for what the research questions were asking. This was an important step to breakdown the barriers between academic language and social movement knowledge. The retreat also produced a set of research questions and sub questions; the samples for data collection; agreement on the sites of data collection and the methodology and approaches for the data collection.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Rountable discussion with HDK's members- 22 July 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The research team members had a meeting with the representatives of various social organizations, political parties, women's organization, ethnic and religious groups, media and those individual members that have been working with the HDK. During the meeting, each participant talked about the reasons why they joined the HDK, what it means for them to work under the umbrella of the HDK with other diverse organizations and what are the challenges and opportunities this has created, how and in what ways this has affected them and what learning experiences they have had in this social movement. During the debate the research team had the opportunity to ask further questions and share their own experiences and learning process with the participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Shah, T. N. (2019) CK Raut: 7 questions and 2 surprises - I know CK Raut for 20 years 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tula Shah publised an article in an online newspaper, under the title of 'CK Raut: 7 questions and 2 surprises - I know CK Raut for 20 years'
This article discusses the issues relating to the Madhesi leader's agreement with the government and raises questions about the politics of self-governance in Madhes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.onlinekhabar.com/2019/03/749018
 
Description Shah, T. N. (2019) Do not make civil service 'Bahunsewa' [serving the Brahmins) ?????????? '?????????' ????? ????????? - ???? ??? ????????, ???? ??? ??? ? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tula Shah , a Nepali team member, wrote an online article published on May, 4 2019 on Online Khabar. This article critiques the implmenentation of reservation policy which continues to serve the priviledged ethnic/ caste group.

Shah, T. N. (2019) Do not make civil service 'Bahunsewa' [serving the Brahmins) ?????????? '?????????' ????? ????????? - ???? ??? ????????, ???? ??? ??? ?
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.onlinekhabar.com/2019/06/771326
 
Description Shah, T. N. (2019) Emerging Madhes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tula Shah wrote an article titled 'Emerging Madhes' in Ekantipur, an online newspaper on 25 Feb,2019. This article discusses the changing social, political and economic activities of Madhesi youth.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://ekantipur.com/opinion/2019/02/20/155066389600656592.html
 
Description Shah, T. N. (2019) Power or constitution? Upendra Yadav should choose now 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tula Shah, from Nepali Research team published an article titled 'Power or constitution? Upendra Yadav should choose now' on Online Khabar on 8 May,2019. This article raises critical questions about what options the Madhesi leader has in the national politics.

?????? ? ?? ???????? ?????? ??????????' '??????? ? ?????????? ?????? ????? ? ??????? ???? ??????'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.onlinekhabar.com/2019/05/764021
 
Description Shah, T. N. (2019) The Kidnapping of reservation (???????? ?????) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tula Shah, Nepali Research team member published an article titled 'The Kidnapping of reservation (???????? ?????)' in Nayapatrikadaily on 18 June, 2019.
This article discusses manipulation of the constitutional provision of reservation for Madhesis

Shah, T. N. (2019) The Kidnapping of reservation (???????? ?????)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.nayapatrikadaily.com/news-details/17302/2019-06-18
 
Description Shah, T. N. (2019) Unity between SP and RJP: Fusion between mini-Congress-communists - what are the challenges of unity between these two Madhesi forces? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tula Shah from Nepali research team published an article titled .Unity between SP and RJP: Fusion between mini-Congress-communists - what are the challenges of unity between these two Madhesi forces?' in Nepal Khabar, on 4 August, 2019. This article discusses a range of political challenges relating to the merger of two Madhes-based political parties.


Shah, T. N. (2019) Unity between SP and RJP: Fusion between mini-Congress-communists - what are the challenges of unity between these two Madhesi forces? (???-????? ???? : ???? ????????-???????????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ??-?? ???? ?)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.onlinekhabar.com/2019/08/785423
 
Description Shah, T. N. (2019) When Madhesis are abused in Kathmandu (?????????? ??????? ???? ?????.) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tula N Shah, a research team member at Nemaf (Nepal) published an article in Nepal Khabar on 25, September 2019. Reflecting on 'Social movement learning' research, the researcher/ Activist Tula Narayan Shah analyses how Madhesis are discriminated against and abused in Kathmandu, which fuels the movement in Madhes.

Shah, T. N. (2019) When Madhesis are abused in Kathmandu (?????????? ??????? ???? ?????.)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.onlinekhabar.com/2019/09/799049
 
Description Social Movement Learning & Knowledge Production in times of Conflict, Crises & Authoritarianism: Radical Insights from Turkey, Colombia, South Africa and Nepal Session coordinator: Mario Novelli (University of Sussex) Contributors: • Birgul Kutan (University of Sussex) • Patrick Kane (University of Sussex) • Tejendra Pherali (UCL-Institute of Education) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Panel presentation on the key findings from the case studies in Turkey, Colombia and Nepal. at The third Conference on Critical Perspectives on Governance by Sustainable Development Goals took place on the 26th and 27th of January, 2021, University of Amsterdam .
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://csds.uva.nl/conference/conference-on-critical-perspectives-on-governance-by-sustainable-deve...
 
Description Socializing the Struggle from DTK to HDK: Opportunities, Difficulties, Breaks (Workshop HDK) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The research team members, Birgul Kutan (UK) and Adnan Celik (Turkey) organised a one day workshop on 'Socializing the Struggle from DTK to HDK: Opportunities, Difficulties, Breaks. The workshop was held in Diyarbakir, one of the most conflict affected cities in Turkey. The focus of this workshop was to identify what geographical and spatial differences (politics and practices) between those members of the HDK located in the big cities in the West (istanbul and Ankara) and those in the East part of Turkey. 15 members from the Democratic Society Congress (DTK- Demokratik Toplum Kongresi) the biggest member of the HDK that compromises various organisations, political parties, trade unions, ethic minority groups and individual in the East Part of Turkey, attended the workshop . The participants talked about the relationship between the HDK and DTK and what tensions exist between these two organizations operating in different geographical locations and how these tensions are managed. Through participatory research methods and working in small groups the participants involved in a very rich discussion and debate and provided useful knowledge based on their own experiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Systematisation 'conversatorio' workshop 1: 15 September 2018 Cali, Colombia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact As part of the systematisation of experiences data collection process, a series of one-day workshops were held across different cities in Southwest region of Colombia with people who have played a part in the history of the Nomadesc pedagogical process: students/participants (all of whom belong to social movements and communities which form part of Nomadesc's pedagogical process), facilitators, leaders of the social movements involved, academics, and other allies. This initial workshop organised in Cali brought together people who were involved in the initial conception and design of the pedagogicval process in its early phases. These were carried out in territories of communities and social movements which have been involved in the process, corresponding to the geographical zones in which the process has focussed.

The aim of these workshops was to reconstruct the memory of the pedagogical process through the lived experience of its protagonists in the communities and social movements of southwest Colombia, and come to a deeper understanding of the relationship to and effects of the process upon the struggles of the social movements in the region. A secondary aim was to re-establish or strengthen networks, relationships and connections with people, organisations and movement which have been involved in the process over the past two decades. The methodology was developed and tweaked as a result of reflection and evaluation of each individual workshop, however a basic structure was retained throughout, centred on two in-depth activities: firstly, a participative timeline focussed upon both understanding the relationship, memories and experience of individuals to the pedagogical process, but also for understanding what was happening in the territories in question and the region on a political, social and economic level thrtoughout the period in question. The second activity was aimed at understanding the learning which took place on three levels: individual, organisational, and at the level of social struggles, and also in what way if any this learning had been useful.

The participants involvement was outstanding and have contributed greatly on the issues discussed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Systematisation 'conversatorio' workshop 2: Pacific region, Colombia, 2 October 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The second Systematisation 'conversatorio' workshop was organised in Buenaventura on 2 October 2018 and bought together people from the urban and rural areas of Buenaventura who have been involved in the process. The participants are included a mixture of students/participants in the process (all of whom belong to social movements and communities which form part of Nomadesc's pedagogical process), facilitators, leaders of the social movements involved, academics, and other allies.

The workshop was carried out in territories of communities and social movements which have been involved in the process, corresponding to the geographical zones in which the process has focussed. The aim of these workshop was to reconstruct the memory of the pedagogical process through the lived experience of its protagonists in the communities and social movements of southwest Colombia, and come to a deeper understanding of the relationship to and effects of the process upon the struggles of the social movements in the region. A secondary aim was to re-establish or strengthen networks, relationships and connections with people, organisations and movement which have been involved in the process over the past two decades. The methodology was developed and tweaked as a result of reflection and evaluation of each individual workshop, however a basic structure was retained throughout, centred on two in-depth activities: firstly, a participative timeline focussed upon both understanding the relationship, memories and experience of individuals to the pedagogical process, but also for understanding what was happening in the territories in question and the region on a political, social and economic level thrtoughout the period in question. The second activity was aimed at understanding the learning which took place on three levels: individual, organisational, and at the level of social struggles, and also in what way if any this learning had been useful.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Systematisation Process workshops (Housing Assembly) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The Housing Assembly, the Research Team and Steering Committee members ( representatives of the 6 districts that Housing Assembly organises in) jointly organized two workshops , first one is on 22 May 2019 and second one is on 29 - 31 March 2019. At these two workshops, participants talked about how to carry on the systematisation of experiences as research methodology. The discussion involved starting with one key event that the Housing Assembly had organised on decent housing and to build a narrative around that event which included people's memories, anecdotes, and organising materials such as pamphlets, banners, T-Shirts, posters. The process eventually resulted in a timeline of the HA being built that dated back to its launch to present day. The timeline is a live organising tool which is used to raise awareness amongst new members. Members are also free to add new events or memories to the timeline.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Talk - 'Learning from "The Civic Strike to Live with Dignity" in Buenaventura, Colombia', with Patrick Kane (UK). Centre for Adult Education, School of Education, University of kwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and Church Land Reform programme NGO, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. 23 April, 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Padkos seminar series (jointly organised by Centre for Adult Education, School of Education, University of kwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and Church Land Reform programme NGO This event was part of a joint seminar series bringing together academics, activists and students. It included a 45 minute presentation and then in-depth debate with the audience. Audience: included 25 people Activists, students, academics Link: Location: Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.churchland.org.za/?p=3540
 
Description Talk with CK LAL -20 January, 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact As part of the 1st inter-movement delegation to Nepal 2018 on 20th January, CK Lal, a prominent Nepali scholar of Madhesi origin was invited to talk on Madhesh movement in Kathmandu. Mr. Lal delivered a speech on historical backgrounds of Madhes Movement. Mr Lal provide a historical overview of the movement, geopopitical dimension of Nepal's struggle for democracy and internal forms of colonization that disadvantaged Madhesi people. The research team found CK Lal's talk was very inspiring as it provided a rich detailed geographical, historical, cultural and political context to Madhesi Movement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The Internal team meetings: Peoples' Democratic Congress, HDK (TURKEY) October 2017 - October 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The research team members at the HDK (Peoples' Democratic congress- the research partner in Turkey) have had regular meetings since the approval of the project in the Summer of 2017. The first meeting was held in October 2017 in Istanbul to introduce the project to the HDK members, its objectives, questions and timeline. The members included Ertugrul Kurkcu (Honorary President of the HDK - former MP for the HDP), Prof. Fatma Gok, Prof Onur Hamzaoglu (co-spokesperson at the HDK), Gulistan Kocyigit (co-spokesperson at the HDK, Salih Keles , HDK member) and Dr. Birgul Kutan from the University of Sussex. The second internal team meeting was organized in February 2018 to discuss how we can carry on the research in Turkey and made plans for the entire period. The third meeting was carried on April 13, 2018. We met the local researcher, Dr. Adnan Keskin that was recruited to carry out the research project in Turkey, selected the National Advisory Board for the project and made plans for the upcoming research team meeting in July, 2018 (2nd Research Team Meeting and Inter-movement Learning and Exchange - to be held in Turkey. The team also met in July to discuss further plans, field work and data collection. In October 2018, the team also met to talk about the field work (interviews etc) and the upcoming 3rd research team meeting in Colombia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The Systematisation 'conversatorio' workshop 3. Valle del Cauca, Colombia, 11th October 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The third Systematisation 'conversatorio' workshop was held at NOMADESC office in Cali on 11 October 2018. This workshop brought together people from across the Valle region who have been involved in the process including a mixture of students/participants in the process (all of whom belong to social movements and communities which form part of Nomadesc's pedagogical process), facilitators, leaders of the social movements involved, academics, and other allies.

The workshop was carried out in territories of communities and social movements which have been involved in the process, corresponding to the geographical zones in which the process has focussed. The aim of these workshop was to reconstruct the memory of the pedagogical process through the lived experience of its protagonists in the communities and social movements of southwest Colombia, and come to a deeper understanding of the relationship to and effects of the process upon the struggles of the social movements in the region. A secondary aim was to re-establish or strengthen networks, relationships and connections with people, organisations and movement which have been involved in the process over the past two decades. The methodology was developed and tweaked as a result of reflection and evaluation of each individual workshop, however a basic structure was retained throughout, centred on two in-depth activities: firstly, a participative timeline focussed upon both understanding the relationship, memories and experience of individuals to the pedagogical process, but also for understanding what was happening in the territories in question and the region on a political, social and economic level thrtoughout the period in question. The second activity was aimed at understanding the learning which took place on three levels: individual, organisational, and at the level of social struggles, and also in what way if any this learning had been useful.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The Systematisation 'conversatorio' workshop 4 in Cauca region, Colombia, 16 November 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The fourth Systematization 'conversatorio' workshop in Cauca region took place on 16 November 2018. This workshop brought together people from the La Toma afro-Colombian community and the Cerro Tijeras and Honduras indigenous communities in north-west of the Cauca region (communities around the municipalities of Suarez, Morales and Buenos Aires) who have been involved in the process. Participants included a mixture of students/participants in the process (all of whom belong to social movements and communities which form part of Nomadesc's pedagogical process), facilitators, leaders of the social movements involved, academics, and other allies.

The workshop was carried out in territories of communities and social movements which have been involved in the process, corresponding to the geographical zones in which the process has focussed. The aim of these workshop was to reconstruct the memory of the pedagogical process through the lived experience of its protagonists in the communities and social movements of southwest Colombia, and come to a deeper understanding of the relationship to and effects of the process upon the struggles of the social movements in the region. A secondary aim was to re-establish or strengthen networks, relationships and connections with people, organisations and movement which have been involved in the process over the past two decades. The methodology was developed and tweaked as a result of reflection and evaluation of each individual workshop, however a basic structure was retained throughout, centred on two in-depth activities: firstly, a participatory timeline focused upon both understanding the relationship, memories and experience of individuals to the pedagogical process, but also for understanding what was happening in the territories in question and the region on a political, social and economic level throughout the period in question. The second activity was aimed at understanding the learning which took place on three levels: individual, organizational, and at the level of social struggles, and also in what way if any this learning had been useful.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Unity In Diversity- workshop (HDK) Istanbul 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The research team members, Birgul Kutan (UK) and Adnan Celik (Turkey) organised a one day workshop on Unity in Diversity. Through participatory research methods, the participants talked about diversity and difference at the HDK. How the diversity and different are being conceptualized, what politics and practices in place to encourage diversity and what happens to the principle of the Unity in diversity at the time of conflict. The participants collectively engaged in and provided rich analysis based on their own experiences. 26 people participated in this workshop.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description VISIT to Democratic Society Congress (DTK) 20 July 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact As part of the Inter-Movement Visit to Turkey, the research team members travelled to Diyarbakir, one of the biggest Kurdish cities, to meet with the HDK' members in the Kurdish region and engage with members of local social movements. The research team visited the Democratic Society Congress (DTK), which is a member of the HDK. During this visit, the research team members met the representatives and active members of the DTK. They shared their experiences with the research team and talked about the current political, economic and social situation in the Kurdish region and how they have been particularly effected by this. Women members talked about the affect of the state repressive policies on women's struggle and gender relations. The research team also shared their experiences and both sides had the opportunity to ask questions to each other.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Visit to the Confederation of Public Employees Trade Unions (KESK) 19 July 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact As part of the inter-movement delegation to Turkey, the project team members visited the Confederation of Public Employees Trade Unions (KESK), the biggest union representing all public sector workers, on 19 July, 2018 at its Headquarters in Ankara. The research team met with 5 representatives from the KESK including Mehmet Bozgeyik, General Secretary of KESK, Gülistan Atasoy Tekdemir,Women Secretary of KESK, Ramazan GÜRBÜZ, Co-Genel Sekreter of KESK. They talked about the KESK and its work and how the current political situations has affected the KESK and its members. Mehmet Bozyigit told the research team that the failed coup attempt in 2016 was used as a justification to punish all those democratic voices. He said that since the coup 4237 of the KESK members working in different public sectors jobs were dismissed from their jobs by the emergency decree laws passed after the military coup attempt in 2016. Gulistan Tekdemir talked about the effect of these on its women members. The research team asked various questions to learn more about the situations and shared their experiences with the KESK members.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.kesk.org.tr/2018/07/19/sosyal-adalet-ve-baris-icin-bulustuk/
 
Description Visit to the HDP (Peoples' Democratic Party) Headquarters in Ankara 19 July, 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact As part of the Inter-movement delegation to Turkey, the research partner in Turkey, HDK (People's Democratic Congress) organised various activities. As part of this activity plan, the research team members visited the HDP (Peoples' Democratic Party) Headquarters in Ankara. The HDP is the political party of the HDK and currently is the third biggest political party in the Turkish parliament. During this visit, The research team members met Dr. Hisyar Özsoy, the HDP's Diyarbakir Deputy and the Spokesman of the Foreign Relations Committee. In a conversation with the research team members Dr. Hisyar talked about the current political and social situation in Turkey, with a particular focus on democracy and human rights and the increased state repressive policies and practices towards HDP's members particularly after the end of peace negotiation in 2015 and the failed Coup Attempt in 2016 and what it has meant for the HDP's aims to establish democracy and peace in Turkey. The research team members and partners in the other countries shared their own experiences and asked several questions on the topics discussed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Visit to the Saturday Mothers 21 July, 2018 (695th anniversary Week) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As part of the inter-movement engagement meeting visit to Turkey , the research team members attended to the vigil of the Saturday Mothers (Cumartesi Anneleri) in Galatasaray in Istanbul. The Saturday Mothers (Cumartesi Anneleri) is one of the oldest civil society movements that was started in 1995 by a group of women and human rights defenders to ask for the location of their loved ones that were suspiciously disappeared between the 1980s and 1990s. The engage in a peaceful sit down protest every Saturday at 12noon for half an hour. Taking part in this silent protest (695th week) gave an opportunity to meet some of the members of the Saturday Mothers and for the international delegates to show their solidarity.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FykfAGoqLkM
 
Description Visit to the Triana Community and the Triana Memorial House (Casa de la Memoria), Colombia, November 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact As part of the 3rd Inter-Movement Delegation, Colombia, the research team members and partners visited the Triana Community and the Triana Memorial House (Casa de la Memoria). The Triana Women and Men's Group is a group of relatives of victims of paramilitary violence in communities surrounding the main road between Cali and Buenaventura. The delegation made a brief stop in the Triana community to see the memorial house which the group have built in commemoration of their loved ones, and to hear about the group's work which is accompanied by Nomadesc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Webinar on Social movements and education after the pandemic: time for renewed agency? Panel Speaker Mario Novelli 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Friday 3 July, 15.00 (BST).

Webinar on Social movements and education after the pandemic: time for renewed agency?

To access, please click here or follow the link at the bottom of the page.



The ongoing global pandemic and the issues it has spawned, requires a recentering of social movements. From inside the global lockdown, there seems to be some consensus about not returning to the 'old normal' that never was. But there is little consensus over what the new world should like and how to achieve it. More importantly for those of us in education, the timing seems to be right for rethinking what education after the pandemic should look like. This webinar explores the role of social movements in rethinking education during the pandemic in order to rebuild the world after it.



15.00-15.10: Introduction

15.10-15.30: Dr Laurence Cox (National University of Ireland, Maynooth) 'Seizing the means of mental production: movement thinking and education today"

15.30-15.50: Dr Ivette Hernandez (King's College London) 'We won't return to normality because normality was the problem'

15.50-16.10: Prof Mario Novelli (University of Sussex ) 'COVID 19, Social Movements and 'new' Pedagogies of Resistance and Repression'

16.10-17.00: Q&A and open discussion



Organised by Dr Spyros Themelis (UEA) s.themelis@uea.ac.uk and Prof Tristan McCowan (UCL) t.mccowan@ucl.ac.uk.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.kcl.ac.uk/events/webinar-social-movements-and-education
 
Description Webinar/Podcast Series- HDK as a common space for social struggle and change (13, 20, 27 October, 2020) TURKEY 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Research Team Members Dr. Birgul Kutan and Dr. Adnan Celik presented the key findings of the research project on the case of the HDK/Turkey on this three-week webinar/podcast series (13, 20 and 27 October, 2020) under the title of 'HDK as a common space for social struggle and change'. The podcast/webinar series were organised by the HDK, whereby each week Birgul and Adnan focussed on different aspects of the research and shared the findings with wider society. All three series were both live and recorded through/on the HDK's own YouTube canal (#MeclislerinSözü), twitter account, Facebook. Recordings of the series are available on YouTube, Facebook, Spotify, spreaker and Apple. This series provided a perfect opportunity to disseminate and share the research findings not only with the HDK's members but also wider audiences. The series attracted a wide interest nationally and internationally. More than 400 people at different platforms engaged/listened to this podcast series.



links to the podcast series:
https://www.facebook.com/HalklarinDemokratikKongresi.HDK/posts/3892481800766502/
https://www.facebook.com/HalklarinDemokratikKongresi.HDK/posts/3936917649656250/

https://www.spreaker.com/user/halklarindemokratikkongresi/meclislerinso-zu-mu-s-terek-bir-toplumsa?fbclid=IwAR2-8PnEck8-sJb-hIz-yXBCxdNX-7xrtYJkcPDW8ifSJREEs5URU4oBNQw

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b5yu4AHJmgc
https://www.facebook.com/HalklarinDemokratikKongresi.HDK/posts/3936917649656250/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b5yu4AHJmgc
https://twitter.com/search?q=adnan%20celik%20birgul%20&src=typed_query
https://open.spotify.com/episode/30wlzmDDAHIHVWnS0FDIfI
https://www.spreaker.com/user/halklarindemokratikkongresi/meclislerinso-zu-mu-s-terek-bir-toplumsa
https://podcasts.apple.com/us/podcast/mu-s-terek-bir-toplumsal-o-rgu-tlenme-zemini-olarak/id1530672340?i=1000496330148
https://twitter.com/hdkistanbul/status/1315373078449455106
https://twitter.com/HDK_KONGRE/status/1321476831703425025
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b5yu4AHJmgc
 
Description Workshop - Writing the history Together: Historical trails, Milestones and Intellectual resources' 20 January 2019, Istanbul 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact The research team members, Birgul Kutan (UK) and Adnan Celik (Turkey), organised the first Workshop on 20 January 2018 in Istanbul, with the participation of 19 selected HDK members representing a range of diverse organizations, individual members, women youth organizations, LGBT groups, trade union and political parties. The aim of the workshop was to identify the historical trajectory and timeline of the HDK, talk about what Intellectual resources the HDK has drawn upon and discuss the milestone developments that have affected (positively and negatively) the HDK. Through participatory research methods, the participants engaged in a debate in their small group to talk about historical timeline of HDK, the context within which the HDK emerged, what the HDK means for them and what have been the learning experience for each of them. The participants collectively provided a historical timeline and intellectual mapping of the HDK through focusing on the historical and intellectual sources that constitute the foundations of the HDK as a social movement based on their own experiences. This initial timeline and intellectual map will be used and developed in the future workshops.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Workshop FIELD WORK / KATHMANDU October 31, 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact In addition to the interviews and focus groups, the research team members in Nepal carried out a Workshop during the field work in order to disseminate and validate the preliminary findings and to share information with wider groups and stimulate thinking within the research team. The workshop was conducted in Kathmandu on October 31 to share preliminary findings from the field visits with Madhesi scholars and activists based in the capital. The participants provided critical comments and further insights into the inquiry about movement learning. The workshop includes 21 participants from diverse background such as research, media, and political activism.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Workshop for presenting research findings and collecting feedback on Colombia Case Study. Cali, Colombia , 28th September 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Workshop for presenting research findings and collecting feedback
This workshop was carried out at the base of Nomadesc, the Colombian research partner in Cali, Colombia. The aim was to bring together activists from the social movements which make up the Intercultural University of the Peoples who had participated in the systematisation of experiences research process in order to present the research findings and collect feedback.
Audience: 40 activists from the social movements which make up the Intercultural University of the Peoples: indigenous, Afro-Colombian and peasant leaders, trade unionists, students etc.
Geographical reach: Southwest Colombia- Valle del Cauca, Cauca, Huila & Coffee Region
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description opinion piece: Nepal's social justice movement in the changing context/NEMAF/NEPAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Shah, T. N. (2020) Nepal's social justice movement in the changing context, https://www.facebook.com/tula.shah/posts/10221207253202485 KUSOM Fulbright Commission, NPRN Oct 11, 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.facebook.com/tula.shah/posts/10221207253202485