Health Governance after Brexit: Law, Language and Legitimacy

Lead Research Organisation: University of Sheffield
Department Name: Law

Abstract

Language such as 'a red, white and blue Brexit' or 'Brexit means Brexit' allows for an array of ideas about Brexit to be projected onto the process of the UK leaving the EU and what it means. The EU is not just a political organisation, it is also a legal organisation. Leaving the EU means agreeing a new legally expressed relationship for now and for the future. It also means new UK laws, such as a Trade Act and Immigration Act.

We are investigating the (legal) language of Brexit, and comparing how elites and ordinary people understand it. We are doing that in the context of a topic that matters a great deal to the general public: health and the NHS. We want to analyse what the new laws will mean for patients, for NHS staff, for drugs, medical devices and equipment, blood and organ donation, and for laws that affect our health, like food safety and tobacco regulation. It may not be immediately obvious what the effects of general laws (like the Trade Act) or agreements (like a UK-US trade agreement) will be on health and the NHS. We will analyse the texts to find out.

To make that legal analysis useful, we will work with some specific groups, all of whom have expertise in key areas impacted by Brexit, to help us understand what scenarios the people they work with or represent are facing. These groups will include Kidney Care UK; the Faculty of Public Health; and the Colleges of Midwives in the UK and the Republic of Ireland.

Once we have done that, we will find out how the general public understand what is happening to health and the NHS post-Brexit. Are people happy with the changes? Who do they think is responsible and should be responsible? Do they think the new law is legitimate? We will work in two places that represent different issues in a post-Brexit world: the north of England, and Northern Ireland. The north of England is a 'left-behind' region economically, and this is one explanation given for its pattern of Leave voting. Northern Ireland faces special challenges post-Brexit, because it shares a land border with the rest of the EU. Health services have been shared in the north of the island of Ireland for a long time, and EU law has helped to support that.

We will carry out street interviews, to understand how ordinary people think about abstract ideas like Brexit and accountability. We will use the information from our legal analysis to ask people what they think about what the new laws mean - for patients, for NHS staff, and so on.

Finally, we will compare the language that the law uses, and that experts use, with the everyday language used by the general public. When we talk about abstract things, we often use metaphors, like 'red, white and blue Brexit'. Examining metaphors will help us to understand how people feel, and whether the general public feel the same as experts. Metaphors will help us find out if there are gaps between how people feel about the new post-Brexit laws on health and the NHS, and what those laws achieve. This will help us understand whether post-Brexit law enjoys social legitimacy - and if not, why not. That could - and should - inform policies about what to do about it.

Planned Impact

The project builds upon the applicants' work. Our professional and policy networks (within and beyond academia, law and public health) will help cement its impacts. We will ensure the insights developed become widely read, and central to academic, policy and public debates on post-Brexit governance. We will also ensure the project findings are impactful within debates on the public understanding of constitutional arrangements and their social legitimation.
The desk-based and street interview research comprising the core of this project will inform debates within academia, regulatory and policy stakeholders, and wider publics, on elite and public understandings of post-Brexit health governance and its legitimacy. This will in turn make it possible to further reflect on improving legitimacy should a gap between elite and public understandings be revealed. The research is likely to be of specific relevance to (1) policy/legislative communities; (2) health professionals; (3) third sector organisations; (4) wider publics; and (5) scholars (see Table 4 in separate document and Pathways to Impact).

We have in place a strategy to ensure the integration of perspectives from elite stakeholders from the very start of the project, throughout and long after. Co-producing scenarios at the initial stages with selected co-producer stakeholders ensures direct policy and practical relevance for those stakeholders, and others in similar positions. We therefore expect the legal analysis we undertake to have at least an indirect and possibly a direct impact on policy and practice of those stakeholders. Our dissemination plans ensure that our analyses reach other elite stakeholders with an interest in the work in a timely manner.

Wider publics feed into the project through street interviews, and an important aspect of the project's findings will be communicated through the documentary film, which will be launched in a public event in Belfast. Wood has already worked with ShoutOut UK and will continue to do so after the project ends to ensure sustained legacy for the project's findings. This will ensure the alignment of the project with their needs.
The project Steering Group (see Case for Support) lends significant expertise and support for facilitating project impact. The Steering Group includes law and governance scholars (Donnelly, Hunt; Schillemans); sociologists and social research methods scholars (Benson; Fierlbeck; Richardson); and public health and science specialists (McKee; Galsworthy) (see further Table 7).

Our plan to integrate the responsiveness of the research process and impact-generation within the design of the research entails the involvement of elite stakeholders in co-constructing scenarios affected by Brexit. This follows from Wood's current ESRC project focused on co-production of research questions and data collection with regulatory bodies (ES/L010925/1). Co-production will ensure the research is embedded in key user communities. Wider public dissemination of findings will also occur through media pieces, tweets with a dedicated #, and project website. Tweets will facilitate public participation through project team responses. Contacts made during the project will be developed and maintained, and informed of events and outputs, so as to continually secure and gauge impact.

The co-production process will be innovative in extending beyond project design, incorporating data collection and project outputs. The street interviews will involve members of the public with the documentary film to integrate elements of the data collection with public-facing engagement outputs. The project will not only co-produce key questions and themes informing the research, but data collection and engagement/outputs will be integrated at the end of the project in a reflexive way. This will ensure significant legacy engagement and a broad potential impact from the project.
 
Description We found - through co-working with experts in the health policy field and providing technical legal analysis - a lot of detail about how the UK needs to arrange law and policy so that the worst aspects of Brexit for health and the NHS can be mitigated. This opens up further research questions about the legitimacy of post-Brexit health governance as the post-Brexit governance landscape emerges.

We found - through talking with people in communities in Northern Ireland and the north of England - that people care about the NHS, are fearful for its future, and feel disempowered in terms of holding government to account for the future of the NHS.

We achieved - through a successful carrying out of our fieldwork comprising over 400 street conversations - a development of a method ('hit and run ethnography') for gathering rich ethnographic data on people's perceptions, fears and anticipations on health and Brexit.

We achieved - new connections and collaborations with the local communities we visited; with local councils and representatives; local community leaders and the general public.

We achieved - representation of the project to a very wide range of audiences: from political scientists to critical legal scholars, health policy actors and practitioners, NGOs, charities, the general public.
Exploitation Route Anyone studying the post-Brexit health governance, law and policy domain can draw on the legal and policy analysis
Any actors in the health policy sector can draw on the legal and policy analysis
The novel method for gathering data through street conversations can be used by social scientists studying so-called 'left behind' communities
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology,Other

URL https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/law/news/health-governance-after-brexit-law-language-and-legitimacy
 
Description Through our engagement and co-production with selected key actors in the health policy sector, we have provided detailed legal analysis which informed their policy positions, and their engagement with government and the public. Obviously, the serious economic consequences of Brexit cannot be avoided by research projects like this one, but through educating and informing an important policy sector, with implications for health, wellbeing and life itself for UK residents, in a small way, we have contributed to mitigating the worst aspects of (certain types of) Brexit. Our legal and policy analysis helped the health sector to understand how very harmful No Deal Brexit (in the sense of leaving the EU without a Withdrawal Agreement) would have been. We have highlighted the special nature of health care on the island of Ireland, and fed into discussions of how that geopolitical space should legitimately be managed now that the UK is outside the EU. In addition to the impact of our work within the UK, we have engaged some health policy actors in the rest of the EU, to help them understand the external implications of Brexit for health.
First Year Of Impact 2019
Sector Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology,Other
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Title Strategically Targeted Ethnographic Conversations 
Description As there is no 'other' category in the dropdown menu, I have picked one which clearly isn't accurate. Our research aims to reveal what 'left behind' communities want from Brexit that accounts for the highly contingent and volatile context of the 'Brexit process', and adequately captures diffuse interpretations of Brexit among members of a socio-economic group that are less likely to participate in political research. Our approach combines two different methodological logics: ethnographic and quasi-experimental. On the one hand, we adopt an ethnographic approach with the aim to "give voice to narratives that are often unpalatable, excluded, demonized or poorly understood" (McKenzie, 2017a, p.202). This approach seeks intensive immersion in the communities we study, with an 'ethnographic sensibility' that the everyday conversations we have with individuals in these communities will lead to valuable insights into their interpretations of political processes. We therefore seek to embed ourselves as immersively as possible within left behind communities, given our resource constraints, to get a sense of how they interpret Brexit and what they 'want' from it. We do not pre-determine what this might be, and seek to be as accommodating as possible to those who are genuinely marginalised and unlikely to engage with political research to articulate what they want. As detailed below, our fieldwork was carefully tailored to engage members of left behind communities who would not usually engage with standard social scientific research. Such informal 'street conversations' draw from a method developed by Richardson et al (REF) for recruiting focus group participants their study of co-production of public services with disadvantaged communities in Manchester. Our approach can also be classed as ethnographic to the extent that we sought to extensively document our reflections on our own positionality in relation to our data (see Appendix). Second, the specific approach we adopt to fieldwork incorporates a 'quasi-experimental' logic in which we sought 'targeted' engagement with members of the communities to elicit their expectations and hopes on the emotionally charged topic of Brexit. In our fieldwork, we sought to plan and structure our conversations as 'interventions in the field' and to some extent 'control' the responses we were likely to receive by adopting a form of visual photo elicitation (Harper, 2002). To quote from experimental political science, we sought to 'make things happen' (Jilke et al, 2016, p.69) by eliciting responses to a cue that would generate relevant data, while accounting for the likelihood that the conversations were likely to be contentious, because of the Brexit topic. This was, firstly, an important logic to adopt because of the volatility of the broader political climate around Brexit. Our research was highly sensitive to temporal instability, for example in the rejection of Theresa May's withdrawl agreement by Parliament, and the subsequent delays to Brexit that came about. Our research question of what people in 'left behind' communities see as legitimate post-Brexit governance was subject to significant temporal shifts, so an 'interventionist' logic helped us to strategically approach the 'field' during times when members of the public were likely to be engaging with the topic, and thus more likely to have relevant knowledge about ongoing political events. Visual photo elicitation, a 'soft' experimental method often used in qualitative studies of ongoing traumatic events (Clark-Ibanez, 2004; Lorenz, 2011), is useful for this purpose. This is because of the 'subtle function of graphic imagery', specifically 'its compelling effect upon the informant, its ability to prod latent memory, to stimulate and release emotional statements' (Collier, 1957, p.858, quoted in Harper, 2002). Compared to other methods that seek to minimise the emotional pull of a topic, for example in focus group or semi-structured interviews, photo elicitation seeks to bring emotive topics to the surface in everyday engagement, prompting the participant to clarify what sometimes imperceptible feeling 'mean' to them. Photo elicitation is often used for personal or autobiographical research (often using photos taken by the participants), but can also be used for broader contentious issues that participants may be uncomfortable speaking about, using photos with common popular connotations. By showing the participant a relevant image to the contentious issue, these 'connect an individual to experiences or eras even if the images do not reflect the research subject's actual lives' (Harper, 2002, p.13). Hence, we hope the 'reactions' provoked by photo elicitation will reveal the kind of emotive desires and expectations that qualitative methods, usually requiring considered reflection from the participant, find more difficult to access. Photo elicitation does not privilege generalisability, but rather seeks to maximise the 'authenticity and confirmability' of data on emotive topics by directing participants towards engaging their emotional understanding, via the image they are shown (italics added). We believe this methodological approach is a useful way of addressing limitations of existing data on public 'demands' for post-Brexit governance. The following subsections detail the choice of methods in extended detail, implementing the need in ethnographic research for 'careful documentation of each stage of the research and analysis process will enable the research users and readers to make informed decisions regarding its relevance to other contexts' 
Type Of Material Model of mechanisms or symptoms - human 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact We are writing a conference paper (for the Political Studies Association conference which has today been postponed because of Covid-19) and an academic publication on the method. 
 
Description Co-production of research with British Medical Association 
Organisation British Medical Association (BMA)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The research team has collaborated with the BMA to produce detailed legal and policy analyses on questions arising from the Brexit process.
Collaborator Contribution The partners worked with us to elaborate the details of the unfolding legal and policy landscape, questions that they have about the nature of the legal position in various post-Brexit scenarios, and what the meanings and significance of emerging legal text would be for matters of concern to them.
Impact A Briefing Note on EU Rights of Northern Ireland Born Irish Citizens: Case of the European Health Insurance Card, October 2019 A Briefing Note on the Withdrawal Agreement and the future EU-UK relationship(s) and its implication for medical professional qualifications and access to information exchange on professional misconduct of qualified medical professionals under the IMI, January 2020 The BMA used this information to inform its interactions with policy makers in the Brexit process, particularly in Stormont, Dublin, and to some extent Westminster.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Co-production of research with Cancer Research UK 
Organisation Cancer Research UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The research team has collaborated with Cancer Research UK to produce detailed legal and policy analyses on questions arising from the Brexit process.
Collaborator Contribution Cancer Research UK collaborated with the research team to outline legal and policy questions about the emerging Brexit landscape of relevance to their work.
Impact Interim Briefing: Cooperative relationships for bio-medical science post-Brexit: the legal landscape July 2019 Final Briefing: Cooperative relationships for bio-medical science post-Brexit: the legal landscape September 2019 Published Briefing: Cooperative relationships for bio-medical science post-Brexit: the legal landscape February 2020 On 5 March 2020, Cancer Research UK told us that they had shared the published briefing with officials involved in negotiations/EU exit teams at the following Departments: Department of Health and Social Care (as well as official we shared with Nicola Blackwood, although was relatively soon before her resignation) Business Energy & Industrial Strategy Office for Life Sciences (which is I suppose is covered by DHSC/BEIS) MHRA
Start Year 2019
 
Description Co-production of research with Kidney Care UK 
Organisation Kidney Care UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The research team has collaborated with Kidney Care UK to produce detailed legal and policy analyses on questions arising from the Brexit process.
Collaborator Contribution The research team has collaborated with Kidney Care UK to produce detailed legal and policy analyses on questions arising from the Brexit process. Kidney Care UK used this information to inform its interactions with policy makers in the Brexit process, particularly in Westminster, as well as with its clients/patients.
Impact https://www.kidneycareuk.org/news-and-campaigns/news/travel-post-brexit/ Kidney dialysis patients seeking care in selected EU Member States following Brexit: the expected legal position under the Withdrawal Agreement and 'No Deal', July 2019 Summary: Kidney dialysis patients seeking care in selected EU Member States following Brexit: the expected legal position under the Withdrawal Agreement and 'No Deal', July 2019 Scenario: Kidney dialysis patients seeking care in selected EU Member States following Brexit: the expected legal position under the Withdrawal Agreement and 'No Deal', July 2019 Poster: Kidney dialysis patients seeking care in selected EU Member States following Brexit: the expected legal position under the Withdrawal Agreement and 'No Deal', July 2019 All available from: https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/law/news/health-governance-after-brexit-law-language-and-legitimacy
Start Year 2019
 
Description Co-production of research with the Faculty of Public Health 
Organisation Faculty of Public Health
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The research team has collaborated with the Faculty of Public Health to produce detailed legal and policy analyses on questions arising from the Brexit process. Some of this collaboration pre-dates the award dates. During the award, the following outputs were produced: Advice to Mark Weiss, Senior Policy Officer, Faculty of Public Health, 3 March 2019 to inform the Faculty of Public Health's post-EU referendum work.
Collaborator Contribution The Faculty of Public Health collaborated with the research team to produce legal and policy analyses. These were used to inform the Faculty of Public Health's engagement with its various stakeholders, as well as government.
Impact Advice to Mark Weiss, Senior Policy Officer, Faculty of Public Health, 3 March 2019 to inform the Faculty of Public Health's post-EU referendum work.
Start Year 2016
 
Description 'The Voice of Islam' interview with Professor Tamara Hervey on Brexit and medications shortages 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact "The Voice of Islam" invited Professor Hervey to be a guest speaker on their morning radio show on Thursday the 10th of October between 8:30-9:00am to discuss the topic: No-deal Brexit still threatening vital medicine supplies despite contingency planning.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://news.sky.com/story/amp/no-deal-brexit-still-threatening-vital-medicine-supplies-despite-cont...
 
Description All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on the Rule of Law 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey attended the All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on the Rule of Law on 1 April 2019 in the UK House of Commons. The meeting was an expert panel discussion on 'Brexit, Parliament and the Rule of Law: extending Article 50 and implementing the Withdrawal Agreement'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description BBC Money Box 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tamara hervey took part in a BBC Money Box segment on good investments, where she outlined the effect Brexit will have on UK citizens using the European Health Insurance Card, or EHIC, post-Brexit.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description BBC World Serice: 50 Days to Brexit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey took part in a BBC World Service segment that was aired 50 days before the suggested Brexit date at the time. Professor Hervey spoke about the project and the legal implications from Brexit regarding health law.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/w172w47wntd00yy
 
Description Brexit and mental health 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Tammy Hervey wrote a piece on Brexit and mental health published on the UK in a Changing Europe website on 19 October 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://ukandeu.ac.uk/brexit-and-mental-health/
 
Description Brexit in the Valley 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was an outreach event for the project that took place in the Gleadless Valley estate in Sheffield. It was organised by Dr Matthew Wood and a team of undergraduate students under his leadership, who spent weeks prior to the event engaging with local residents and encouraging the to attend. Academics from Sheffield Halam University also took part. Academics, students and the general public got together in the Gleadless Methodist Church and the John O'Gaunt pub, where they took part in an innovative debate on the topic of Brexit. All participants were asked about what Brexit meant to them and what politicians need to hear in relation to Brexit. The event sparked a lot of debate, sharing and exchanging of views and opinions, and it was informative for all participants about the impact of Brexit on communities and the divisions Brexit is creating.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.thestar.co.uk/news/politics/universities-help-to-spark-brexit-debate-40956
 
Description Brexit-Folgen für Ärzte, Pflegekräfte und Patienten 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey gave an interview for a German radio on the topic of health and Brexit and represented the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.deutschlandfunkkultur.de/britisches-gesundheitssystem-brexit-folgen-fuer-aerzte.976.de.h...
 
Description Britain in Europe think tank round table 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey attended this event and presented the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Calling Out Brexit 'Bullshit' in 'Left Behind' Britain 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A blog post on Brexit and the metaphor of 'Bullshit' for the Sheffield Political Economy Research Institute (SPERI)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://speri.dept.shef.ac.uk/2019/09/16/calling-out-brexit-bullshit-in-left-behind-britain/
 
Description Citizens' rights after Brexit: from 'bargaining chips' to 'collateral damage'? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey took part in a Goldsmiths Law/Britain in Europe thinktank roundtable event, in partnership with the Brexit Brits Abroad project. The event brought together academic experts from a range of disciplines, NGO experts, legal professionals and members of advocacy groups and civil rights organisations which have taken an active part in the debate on citizens' rights after Brexit. Professor Hervey spoke about the wide range of New Europeans initiatives since before the Referendum and "emergency" healthcare rights.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://sites.gold.ac.uk/law/citizens-rights-after-brexit-from-bargaining-chips-to-collateral-damage...
 
Description Coronavirus, Brexit, and threats to health security 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Mark Flear wrote a piece for the UK in A Changing Europe website on Coronavirus, Brexit, and threats to health security, published online on 21 February 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://ukandeu.ac.uk/coronavirus-brexit-and-threats-to-health-security/#
 
Description Critical Legal Conference 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Ivanka Antova presented a paper at the CLC 2019 in University of Perugia on responsibilisation and health governance, representing the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Daily Telegraph publication: 'Coronavirus shows future access post-Brexit to the EU's health security system remains vital' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Mark Flear wrote an article for the Daily Telegraph on the Coronavirus virus and UK's future access post-Brexit to the EU's health security system.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description ECPR Conference 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Matthew Wood presented a paper titled 'Can Elite Institutions Be Deliberatively Democratic? The Case of the European Medicines Agency's Public Hearing on Valproate' at the ECPR 2019 Conference in Wroclaw, Poland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Engagement with health policy actors: 'Brexit and the European Medicines Agency-What Next for the Agency and UK Drug Regulators?' in JAMA Health Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An analysis of effects of Brexit on European medicines regulation informed health policy actors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://jamanetwork.com/channels/health-forum/fullarticle/2761757?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=soci...
 
Description Expert advice to Good law project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey provided expert advice on the judicial review of regulations on serious shortage protocols February 2019. She also helped with the pre-action protocol letter and provided expert witness statesmen.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Faculty of Public Health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey attended this event and presented the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description HIV-positive British living in Spain could lose healthcare post-Brexit (input from Professor Tamara Hervey in an article by Reuters) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey was interviewed by Reuters on a piece concerning no-deal Brexit and medications for HIV positive patients and public health concerns.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://in.reuters.com/article/us-health-brexit-hiv/hiv-positive-british-living-in-spain-could-lose-...
 
Description Health Law & Ethics Network 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Mark Flear organised a one day conference under the Health Law & Ethics Network in Dublin in April 2019. Professor Tamara Hervey attended and presented a paper based on the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Health in future UK trade deals 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tamara Hervey and John Middleton wrote this piece fro the British Medical Journal blog, published in the Opinions section and available at https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2019/04/24/tamara-hervey-john-middleton-health-future-uk-trade-deals/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description How can legal scholars study cultures far from their own (SLSA 2019 Blog) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tamara hervey wrote this piece for the SLSA 2019 (Socio-Legal Studies Association) Blog. The piece is available at
http://slsablog.co.uk/blog/blog-posts/how-can-legal-scholars-study-cultures-far-from-our-own-what-im-reading/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Interview on newsy online news channel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tamara Hervey was interviewed about health and Brexit by Newsy US online news service 1 March 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Interview: Healthcare top issue in UK general election, says professor Tamara Hervey 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey was interviewed by the online media outlet Xinxua Net on the NHS and health on the even of the UK General Election 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2019-11/29/c_138593756.htm
 
Description Irish News publication: '1 in 5 workers facing sickness when virus hits peak in May'. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A newspaper article on the effect of the corona virus on workers published in the Irish News newspaper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Jean Monnet Network 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey attended and presented a paper at his event based on the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Keynote talk for conference 'The Health of the Future: Perspectives and New Challenges of Health Law' Bologna, Italy, 18-19 October 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Tamara Hervey gave a keynote address on 'Biobanking, data protection and Brexit' for The Health of the Future: Perspectives and New Challenges of Health Law Bologna, Italy, 18-19 October 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Letter to The Guardian: A no-deal Brexit under Boris Johnson remains a threat to public health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Hervey signed a letter written by Prof Maggie Rae, president of the Faculty of Public Health, and 28 others to call on the government to give clear commitments on public health protection in the case of 'no-deal Brexit'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2019/sep/04/a-no-deal-brexit-under-boris-johnson-remains-a-thre...
 
Description London Public Health Registrar Training Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey attended this event and represented the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Mark Flear interviewed live by the France 24 news channel on the UK's response to coronavirus on 11 March 2020. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Mark Flear interviewed live by the France 24 news channel on the UK's response to coronavirus on 11 March 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.france24.com/en/video/20200311-brexit-effect-can-the-uk-counter-coronavirus-without-the-...
 
Description Mark Flear was interviewed by Politico on UK's access to coronavirus vaccine. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Mark Flear was quoted in an article by the online media platform Politico on the UK's access to a coronavirus vaccine.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.politico.eu/article/brexit-uk-access-coronavirus-vaccine/
 
Description Northern/Irish Health law & Ethics Network event 13 December 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The HGAB team was at the Northern'Irish Health law & Ethics Network conference in Dublin on 13 December 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Performing and Legitimating the Future in Health Research Regulation: Regulating or Regulatory Futures 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The MI Lunch Series reaches across the boundaries of discipline and institution to directly engage with crucial human health actors - researchers, practitioners, policymakers, patients, and the public - to exploit on-going research and explore this challenge. Dr Flear attended and presented a paper based on the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://masoninstitute.org/event/mi-lunch-seminar-with-mark-flear/
 
Description Professor Tamara Harvey giving evidence at the Joint Committee for Health of the Oireachtas on the implications of Brexit for Health Law in Ireland and the EU 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Professor Hervey spoke to Joint Committee on Health, Houses of the Oireachtas in Dublin on 6 November 2019. She was asked to inform the Committee and provide an expert opinion on the legal implications of Brexit for the Irish health sector, particularly focusing on future EU-UK relationships.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.oireachtas.ie/en/oireachtas-tv/video-archive/committees/2970/
 
Description QUB Policy Engagement website, Policy & Democracy section: 'The General Election 2019 and health: Voices from Northern Ireland' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Ivanka Antova and Dr Mark Flear wrote a piece on the voices from NI regarding health and Brexit in the eve of the UK General Election 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://qpol.qub.ac.uk/the-general-election-2019-and-health-voices-from-northern-ireland/
 
Description SLS 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey and Dr Ivanka Antova attended the SLS 2019 in University of Central Lancashire and presented a paper on legal avenues to hold politicians accountable, representing the project. Professor Hervey also participated in a round table on Brexit related research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description SLSA 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey and DR Ivanka Antova attended the SLSA 2019 in University of Leeds and presented a paper on the ethnographic methodologies, representing the project. Professor Hervey also represented the project at an ESRC funded and Brexit-related projects group discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Sheffield Round Table on Brexit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey attended this public event and represented the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.brexitcivilsocietyalliance.org/news-indexpage/a-perfect-storm
 
Description Tamara Hervey quoted in a Yahoo Style article on Brexit and prescriptions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tammy Hervey quoted in a Yahoo Style article on Brexit and prescriptions
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://uk.style.yahoo.com/how-will-brexit-affect-my-prescription-151608323.html?guccounter=1
 
Description Tamara Hervey was interviewed live by the online radio platform 'Voices of Islam' on Brexit and health. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tammy Hervey was interviewed live by the online radio platform 'Voices of Islam' on Brexit and health on 1 February 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description The Conversation - We interviewed more than 200 people about the NHS - they're angry at politicians, worried about its future 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey wrote a piece on grassroots perspectives on the NHS, politicians and Brexit based on our ethnographic data. the piece was published on The Conversation website in the run up to the UK General Election 2019. This piece has been read more than 37500 times and has been listed as one of the most successful during the UK election campaign by The Conversation UK team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://theconversation.com/we-interviewed-more-than-200-people-about-the-nhs-theyre-angry-at-politi...
 
Description The Withdrawal Agreement Bill and "Do No Harm" to health 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A blog post for the British Medical Journal Opinion blog authored by Professor Tamara Hervey and Professor Martin Mckee
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://blogs.bmj.com/bmj/2019/10/22/the-withdrawal-agreement-bill-and-do-no-harm-to-health/
 
Description UACES 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey attended the UACES 2019 in University of Lisbon and presented a paper on Brexternalities, representing the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Universities help to spark Brexit debate 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Matthew Wood was interviewed by the Sheffield Star about his work on the Gleadless Valley 'Brexit in the Valley' event which sparked an important debate and introduced the project to the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.thestar.co.uk/news/politics/universities-help-to-spark-brexit-debate-40956
 
Description University of Manchester's School of Law event on healthcare disparities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey spoke at this event and represented the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.med-technews.com/features/how-post-brexit-regulation-may-affect-healthcare/
 
Description University of Ottawa Health law & Public Unit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Professor Tamara Hervey attended and presented a paper based on the project at this event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description What might have happened in an alternate universe: the EU (Withdrawal Agreement) Implementation Bill ('WAB') 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Tamara Hervey and Steve Pierse wrote this piece for the EU Law Analysis blog, published in the Experts Insights section and available at http://eulawanalysis.blogspot.com/search?q=hervey
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description he General Election 2019 and health: Voices from Northern Ireland 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A piece on the importance of integrated health and clarity around Brexit's impact on health from a NI perspective. Published online on the QUB policy Engagement website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://qpol.qub.ac.uk/the-general-election-2019-and-health-voices-from-northern-ireland/