Illegible/invisibilised protracted rural displacements: slavery and forced internal migration in Mali

Lead Research Organisation: School of Oriental & African Studies
Department Name: History, Religions and Philosophy

Abstract

Descent-based slavery and its legacies continue to prevail in most communities of the west and south of Mali today. Because of the lack of protecting legal framework, populations victims of slavery-related violence often have little choice but to escape to more 'hospitable' areas, having been systematically barred from land access in their home village by the local elite. Those populations with ascribed slave status are the poorest and the most vulnerable populations in the Sahel. In many cases though, those displaced, mostly agricultural populations continue to live in precarious conditions because of continuing marginalization and stigmatization in new host communities, with risks of new forms of servitude strongly overlapping with the legacies of historical slavery. Slavery-related displacements in West Africa have been largely overlooked in the development and humanitarian practice and reporting. This is certainly a major omission in view of the Sustainable Development Goals
Our project looks at the most invisibilised historical and contemporary slavery-related internal displacements, those taking place within the rural areas in the Kayes region and which concern in their vast majority women and children because men of those communities are migrants elsewhere in cities and abroad. In such crisis situation as the one prevailing today in Mali, working with populations who are considered of 'slave descent' is thus an urgent equitable development issue.
Our research programme aims not only to analyse and map the long history of slavery-related protracted displacements in the Kayes region, but more importantly we propose concrete measures to redress this unacknowledged long-term crisis situation by sensitising the local and national government in Mali at every level to anticipate and efficiently manage those 'fugitive' displacements of people with ascribed slave status.
Our project team brings together a unique combination of expertise and methods in African history, comparative literature, law, social anthropology and political sciences, which are less common in development approaches. It aims at constructing a synergistic approach with transformative and catalyst effect by exploring both affordable and upscalable solutions for sustainable livelihoods and proposing directly actionable recommendations for the surveyed communities (and beyond). The transformative aspect of this research relies on bridging the gaps between practitioners and scholars in and with the surveyed communities through a website, policy papers, documentary films, teaching material, trainings, research dissemination and advocacy at appropriate policy-making levels, facilitated by two Malian partner NGOs, Donkosira and TEMEDT.

Planned Impact

The project will promote the economic development and welfare of forcedly displaced populations with ascribed slave status in the Kayes region (Mali) by taking positive action to expose their situation which has remained until recently mostly unintelligible and invisible for development and humanitarian practitioners. It will do so through a website, policy papers, documentary films, teaching material, trainings, research dissemination and advocacy at appropriate policy-making levels. In partnership with the Malian organisations Donkosira and TEMEDT, the project will work on legal and civil rights awareness and support for those communities, but will also explore affordable and upscalable solutions for sustainable livelihoods. It will allow girls and women in particular to escape further risks of exploitation by re-appropriating their role as valuable economic agents and contributors to the development of their own community. Those legal and practical resources will be useful for NGOs and policymakers to plan community-centred and locally informed interventions which place equitable development at their centre. The project's impact which encompass both legal and development-focused solutions, will be facilitated by the partnership with the Malian NGO Donkosira and TEMEDT. By providing more information, awareness and 'visibillity' of the issues at stake to key stakeholders including local and national governments, national and international NGOs and agencies, the project will help to make development and humanitarian interventions in the Kayes region relating to land access and protracted rural displacement more effective by targeting directly the involved communities, which are often bypassed by local elites. This in turn, will have a much more long-lasting impact on the concerned communities.
The consortium will organise workshops informed by field research, focus groups and case studies to promote prevention, awareness and step change in the management of 'slavery crisis' and related forced displacements; training workshops and advocacy with local and national authorities and key stakeholders; paralegal training on historical and contemporary slavery and law clinic activities; engagement with schools and cultural institutions to raise awareness and change attitudes; crowdfunding campaigns for securing land access for displaced communities with ascribed slave status; recommendations for scale-up and replicability - with limitations - in both similar contexts and at a larger scale.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title Creation of a theatrical sketch against slavery 
Description A awareness raising sketch against slavery was created and represented by a theatre troup. A theatrical tour then circulated in several villages. 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact At the end of the sketch, the audience was given the floor. Many interventions contributed to discuss the issue and lift the taboo surrounding it. 
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/second-theatre-tour-against-slavery-for-living-together-an...
 
Description The main findings of the research were the extent of descent-based slavery in the present-day, its antecedents, and the antecedents of effective anti-slavery activism. These data and results were collected through two quantitative surveys and a series of qualitative interviews, that highlighted that gathered personal testimony of past and present slavery and anti-slavery activism and local solutions to tackle the issue historically and in contemporary settings. On a more analytical side, these findings highlighted the circumstances under which forced migration have occurred until now because of descent-based slavery and how the lasting silence surrounding these issues are part of the strategies deployed by the hegemonic ruling class to prevent any long-term societal change in this matter. These findings further allow to understand the (dis)continuities between historical resistance against slavery and contemporary anti-slavery activism and also provided a tool with which to engage authorities in community, and judicial and administrative settings
Exploitation Route Our project is a research-action program, working concomitantly for increasing knowledge and pursuing social change. For example, an ambitious quantitative survey was conducted in host communities where victims of descent-based slavery took refuge. The data collected can be used to support the claim that descent-based slavery and related forced migration are still very topical issues in Mali that should be taken seriously as they pose severe impediments to sustainable development which were detailed in the survey. In tandem with research and with the support of our research findings, further trainings and awareness-rising activities can be organised to foster social change by deepening knowledge and understanding of the phenomenon to diverse segments of society in West Africa and beyond (youth, schools, local and national government, antislavery activists, civil society and the general public). This kind of activities and future similar activities can be used to make and keep contact with contemporary international actors in the fight against slavery, which in return feeds the research.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Government, Democracy and Justice

 
Description People who have been marginalised as a result of their ascribed status as descendants of formerly enslaved populations have needed a broad coalition of support from powerful majoritarian communities, and coordinated civil society and action. Crucially the project activities - a comic book and animation produced by people of descent based slavery, and their direct testimony disseminated via documentary film and the subsequent coverage of these activities in the international and national press have generated public debate in Mali. This public debate has occurred in rural areas where marginalised communities live, often side by side with educators and employers who practice discrimination, as well as in towns and cities where forced migration, violence and conflict are prevalent but less visible. This has helped to shift attitudes by ending the silence and addressing the taboo surrounding it and generated broad support to tackle ongoing discrimination and violence. Consequently, a change of attitude of the local and national administrative and judicial authorities regarding the phenomenon has been observed. The victims of descent-based slavery, now find their legal claims are treated as legitimate when they attempt to obtain reparation for the breach of their rights,. Anti-slavery activists in Mali have more freedom to associate and demonstrate without fear of violent reprisals. Key among these is the NGO Donkosira, which has been involved in research and dissemination activities. They are increasingly considered as legitimate partners by the Malian government to tackle the phenomenon. Administrative and judicial authorities have gained a broader comprehension of an underlying phenomenon and new perspectives regarding legal tools to remedy the issue. The Malian government, and the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights in particular, are now fully aware of the importance of fighting against descent-based slavery as a result of our research project
First Year Of Impact 2021
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Influence of the project on Malian policy
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Contribution to new or Improved professional practice
Impact The influence on the attitude of decision-makers towards the phenomenon of descent-based slavery is decisive for the perspectives of victims. It restarted the process of examining a law criminalising slavery, essential for an appropriate judicial treatment. Moreover, the taboo phenomenon gained regnognition of the authorities, which offer hope a more effective taking in account of discriminations.
 
Description Co-production of a mobile game against slavery and for peace in Mali
Amount £120,932 (GBP)
Funding ID AH/W006804/1 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2021 
End 10/2022
 
Title Rodet, Marie and Deleigne, Marie-Christine (2021) Displaced populations escaping descent-based slavery - Mali. [Data Collection]. Colchester, Essex: UK Data Service. 
Description Individual survey of displaced populations escaping slavery two villages - Mali random sampling of 100 women and 100 men based on displaced families census 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The results have been shared with the local authorities at the regional level which has helped raise awareness on the issue. 
 
Title Rodet, Marie and Deleigne, Marie-Christine (2022). Slavery and Forced Migration: A Socio-Economic Survey in Mambiri (Mali). [Data Collection]. Colchester, Essex: UK Data Service. 
Description This data collection was produced based on a household and an individual survey of socio-economic status in Mambiri in June-September 2021. The household survey allowed the survey of a total of 136 households, ie 2,783 individuals. The individual survey was based on a random sampling of the household survey allowing the survey of a total of 402 individuals. The data collection surveys the household and individual socio-economic status and the integration of forcedly displaced households and individuals in the village. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The data collected were used as an important advocacy tool to support the claim that descent-based slavery and related forced migration were very topical issues in Mali that should be taken seriously as they pose severe impediments to sustainable development which were detailed in the survey. 
 
Description Research partnership with the University of Porthmouth for the BA project "The Sahel Crisis in Historical Perspective" 
Organisation University of Portsmouth
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Within the framework of the British Academy research project "The Sahel Crisis in Historical Perspective: Supporting a Conflict-Sensitive Approach through Interdisciplinary Research", we contributed research on conflicts in the Sahel because of descent-based slavery.
Collaborator Contribution They have reinforced our conflict analysis for the research module "Forced displacement and the risk of new forms of servitude".
Impact We work in a research workstream on "Historic Jihad in the Sahel" in a multi-disciplinary collaboration : International Relations, Politics, History, Islamic Studies.
Start Year 2021
 
Description Advocacy workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In July and August 2021, the SlaFMig advocacy workshop against descent-based slavery was held in Kayes, Mali.
It brought together various important actors in the fight against descent-based slavery, such as the president of the civil society of Kayes, the representative of the traditional chieftaincy of Khasso, and the prosecutor of the Court of Appeal of Kayes.
The debates and discussions between the participants and the speakers were constructive and lively. Mamadou Coulibaly, president of the civil society of Kayes, reaffirmed the reality of slavery in the Kayes region and emphasised the role of civil society in resolving conflicts related to descent-based slavery in the Kayes region. He also asserted that the action of the Malian state has been insufficient in the management of unilateral claims to land ownership by people who consider themselves "noble". The prosecutor affirmed his commitment to justice, but emphasised that given the impartiality of the judicial institution, the path to change lay with the Kayesians.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/latelier-de-plaidoyer-contre-lesclavage-par-ascendance-a-k...
 
Description Advocacy workshop in Bamako 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In October the SlaFMig project, thanks to the association Donkosira and the National Human Rights Commission of Mali (CNDH), brought together in Bamako key actors in the fight against descent-based slavery, including activists, journalists, bloggers, civil servants and researchers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Awareness-Raising Sketch For The Eradication Of Descent-Based Slavery 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact SlaFMig action research programme released a descent-based slavery awareness-raising video (available in French and Bambara), broadcasted on ORTM (Mali's national TV channel).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/sketch-de-sensibilisation-pour-leradication-de-lesclavage-...
 
Description Blog "Protracted Displacements", by Leah Durst-Lee -April 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This blog article tackled the subject of protracted migrations, in particular those related to descent-based slavery.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/les-deplacements-internes-prolonges-lies-a-lesclavage-au-s...
 
Description Blog Anti-slavery movements in West Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This blog article adresses the history of anti-slavery movements until today, with a focus on contemporary period.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/mouvements-anti-esclavagistes-en-afrique-de-louest-par-lea...
 
Description Blog Counting the Victims: Part 1 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This article from Leah Durst-Lee tackles the question of the difficulty in quantifying victims of descent-based slavery.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/compter-les-victime-partie-1-la-difficulte-de-quantifier-l...
 
Description Blog about conducting SlaFMig research during the COVID-19 pandemic 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Three researchers from the Copenhagen team, reflect on challenges and opportunities while conducting research for the SlaFMig project during the pandemic.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/reflexions-sur-la-conduite-dune-recherche-emifo-pendant-la...
 
Description Blog on legal instruments and the persistence of descent-based slavery 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This blogpost is about "Legal instruments and the persistence of descent-based slavery in West Africa", written by Fousseni Diabaté.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/les-instruments-juridiques-face-a-la-persistance-de-lescla...
 
Description Blog on the conclusions and recommendations of the workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This blog summarizes the conclusions and recommandations of the training workshop of administrative and judicial authorities from the Kayes, Koulikoro and Ménaka regions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/conclusions-et-recommandations-de-latelier-pour-les-autori...
 
Description Blog post "New determination of judicial authorities in the fight against descent-based slavery in Mali" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This blogpost deals with the "New determination of judicial authorities in the fight against descent-based slavery in Mali", which is the result of advocacy and awareness raising undertaken by the SlaFMig program and other actors in the sector, particularly through its training of judicial and administrative personnel on descent-based slavery held from 28 June to 3 July, 2021.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/la-nouvelle-determination-des-autorites-judiciaires-dans-l...
 
Description Blog sur "Filmer le mouvement Gambana à Paris" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Lotte Pelckmans wrote about her experience in filming Gambana movement activists in Paris.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blogpost on descent-based slavery in the Sahel 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This blogpost on descent-based slavery in the Sahel, by Leah Durst-Lee (February 2021) synthetised different elements on descent-based slavery : its defintion, history and contemporary extend.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/blogpost-sur-lesclavage-par-ascendance-au-sahel-leah-durst...
 
Description Blogpost on fieldwork in Bamako 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The blogpost reports on the opprtunity to conduct some fieldwork on women in the Malian branch of the Gambana movement, called RMFP-Gambana, interviews that were very constructive in the research process.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/entretiens-avec-trois-femmes-activistes-de-gambana-au-mali...
 
Description Conference with Gambana activist Salif Kamara 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The SlaFMig project team based in Copenhagen hosted an online conference in partnership with the Centre for Advanced Migration Studies (AMIS), to hear and showcase the experience and the voice of Salif Kamara, vice-president of the Rassemblement Malien pour la Fraternité et le Progrès (RMFP) - an anti-descent-based-slavery organization active in France and Mali, at the national, regional and local level. The conference, called "Contemporary Slavery, Forced Migration and Diasporic Activism in West Africa", centered around the transnational involvement of the Malian diaspora in the fight against descent-based slavery as part of the "Gambana" movement (meaning equality in rights and dignity in Soninké).
Mr. Salif Kamara answered questions from the organizers and from the audience and shared valuable insights on the origins of Gambana.
The event was bilingual, and joined by both French and English speakers from West Africa, Europe, and North America.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/conference-avec-le-militant-gambana-salif-kamara-esclavage...
 
Description International Point Sud Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact In December, the workshop "Mobility, Mobilisation and Displacement in 'post-slavery' West-Africa" took place in Bamako, Mali. Organised by Lotte Pelckmans (SlaFMig / University of Copenhagen) and Paolo Gaibazzi (University of Bayreuth) through the research center Point Sud, different actors came together to exchange and discuss the topics of mobility, descent-based slavery and its repercussions in different countries and contexts. More specifically, but not exclusively, the workshop focused on the Ganbana movement and its mobilizations in different west African countries over the past 5 years. The presentations opened up exchanges on different research/activist experiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/international-point-sud-conference-in-bamako-mali-from-1-4...
 
Description Interview by KayesTV with the Secretary General of Donkosira, partner of the SlaFMig program 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview by KayesTV with the Secretary General of Donkosira, Mamadou Cisse, representative in Kayes of the SlaFMig program, on a theatrical tour to raise awareness and fight against descent-based slavery, for community life and peace organized in the Kayes region in August 2021.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/interview-by-kayestv-with-the-secretary-general-of-donkosi...
 
Description Interview of Marie Rodet by Jeune Afrique 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Marie Rodet was interviewed by the journal Jeune Afrique, read in all Francophone Africa and beyond, which contributed to strenghten knowledge about descent-based slavery.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/interview-of-marie-rodet-by-jeune-afrique-slavery-in-mali-...
 
Description Interview of Marie Rodet in Al Jazeera 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The interview helped to broadcast knowledge about descent-based slavery.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/lesclavage-existe-toujours-au-mali-et-continue-a-detruire-...
 
Description Issuance of newsletters 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The project edicted multipled newsletters to diffuse knowledge about descent-based slavery and to make our activities known.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021,2022
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/newsletter/
 
Description Media covering of the launch of our action research program Slavery and Forced Migration in Mali (June 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The launch day of our EMiFo action research program on the Bamanankan newspaper of ORTM
The Malian daily L'Essor also covers the launch of our action research program.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/lancement-de-notre-programme-de-recherche-action-esclavage...
 
Description Paralegals' interventions in the 'cercle' of Kita 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The paralegals trained by the SlaFMig project were involved in awareness raising tours in several villages.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/lintervention-des-para-juristes-dans-le-cercle-de-kita-mar...
 
Description Participation in Conference on anti-slavery activists' use of the courts 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Members of the SlaFMig research team presented at the AFRAB Legal Abolition of Slavery in African History conference on how local and diasporic Malian anti-slavery activists use the legal court system to fight descent-based slavery.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/participation-a-une-conference-avec-une-communication-sur-...
 
Description Presentation of the project and dissemination to local officials (mayors, village chiefs, district commissioners, community-level associations) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Our partner Donkosira went to all villages involved in the project and presented the project to local authorities, community-level associations and all local stakeholders. It sparked questions and discussion and an increased interest in getting involved in the overall project dynamic.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021
 
Description Presentation of the project and dissemination to local officials (mayors, village chiefs, district commissioners, community-level associations) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We presented the preliminary results of our survey of displaced populations escaping slavery in the Western Mali with the regional authorities and stakeholders in Kita. Around 30 people attended. It helped to raise awareness on the issue and for the regional authorities that they urgently needed to intervene to support these populations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Publication "Under the Radar Descent-based Slavery as a Form of Contemporary Slavery 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The publication in The Republic of the article "Under the Radar Descent-based Slavery as a Form of Contemporary Slavery", by Marie Rodet, Bakary Camara, Marie-Christine Deleigne, and Lotte Pelckmans examines the links between descent-based slavery and contemporary slavery in West Africa helps us to find the missing link to understanding the conditions under which slavery and slavery-like practices keep persisting despite abolitions and international anti-slavery legislation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://republic.com.ng/june-july-2021/under-the-radar/
 
Description Training for paralegals (November 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The training workshop for 28 paralegals from the regions of Kayes, Nioro and Kita, was concluded in the last week of November 2020 in Bamako. It aimed at preparing the selected paralegals to carry out awareness raising activities against slavery, for citizenship and human rights.
This 10-day workshop offered a comprehensive training covering the history of slavery and its contemporary avatars, legal definition, international and national legal instruments on the protection of human rights, as well as recent jurisprudence. These sessions also focused on women's rights and gender-based violence in the context of descent-based slavery.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/formation-des-parajuristes-novembre-2020/
 
Description Training workshop for administrative and judicial authorities on descent-based slavery 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact For one week, the participants followed various modules to strengthen their socio-historical knowledge and their familiarity with international and regional legal instruments for the promotion and protection of human rights and the fight against descent-based slavery. The presentations were always followed by a question-and-answer session, which not only allowed for a more in-depth discussion of the subject, but also for a frank debate on the findings and proposed recommendations.
In view of the answers given by the participants to the satisfaction questionnaire distributed at the end of the workshop, the training was overall a success. They unanimously stated that "the topics and discussions enriched [their] understanding of the subject", and emphasised in both the questionnaire and the comments the quality of the presentations given and the quality of the participants' interventions in the discussions.
rainers and participants all contributed actively to the workshop, and stressed the importance of effectively combating descent-based slavery in Mali and elsewhere, both for reasons of respect for human rights and for social and economic stability in a sub-region increasingly plagued by conflict.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/atelier-de-formation-des-autorites-administratives-et-judi...
 
Description Visit of Marie Rodet and Marie-Christine Deleigne to Mambiri 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In August 2021, Marie Rodet and Marie-Christine Deleigne visited the village of Mambiri, where a socio-economic survey of the situation of the displaced people and the people hosting them is currently being conducted. The visit helped to strengthen collaboration between village authorities, representatives of the displaced, and (part of) the research team through fruitful exchange. Marie Rodet and Marie-Christine Deleigne took the opportunity to present some preliminary results of the survey and to conduct interviews, notably on the history of the village and its relationship with Kaarta, as well as on the choice of Mambiri as a place of resettlement for displaced persons fleeing slavery. Furthermore, the meeting provided an opportunity to prepare for the continuation of the survey and to discuss the potential contributions of the SlaFMig project research to the village.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/visite-de-marie-rodet-et-marie-christine-deleigne-a-mambir...
 
Description Wikipedia contribution on descent-based slavery 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Contribution to the online encyclopedia Wikipedia was made on the subjects of descent-based slavery, anti-slavery movements, so as to broadcast knowledge about this phenomenon and the historical and contemporary stakes related.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esclavage_par_ascendance
 
Description Workshop 'Around Gambana' (1 December 2020) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact On December 1st 2020, Lotte Pelckmans, CO-investigator in the SLAFMIG project, organized, together with anthropologist Paolo Gaibazzi, a full day workshop on the anti-slavery movement Gambana. It was a mixed format with both onlline zoom participation, but also some offline participation from presenters physically in Bamako.
The workshop brought together mainly journalists, experts, bloggers, activists and members of civil society from west Africa concerned with developments related to Gambana. The aim was to provide an overview of the origins, objectives and activities of the movement in the historical, socio-cultural and diasporic context of the regional post-slavery era. We also documented the initiatives and interventions that have emerged in response to the conflicts and their consequences triggered by the (anti-)slavery mobilisation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/journee-detude-autour-de-gambana-apercus-dun-mouvement-ant...
 
Description Workshop in Kita 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In March 2021, the prefecture of Kita hosted a workshop to report on the initial results of the survey conducted among displaced persons in Mambiri and to launch the activities of the paralegals for our SlaFMig research project.
The workshop brought together the project director, Dr Marie Rodet (SOAS, London), Prof Bakary Camara (University of Public Law, Bamako) and representatives of local NGOs Temedt and Donkosira before an audience of village chiefs, paralegals and civil society representatives.
The prefecture of Kita reaffirmed its commitment to supporting the fight against slavery and to receiving displaced persons; representatives of the village of Mambiri, village chiefs in the Kita cercle, local youth, the Coordination of Women's Associations and NGOs of Mali, and the High Islamic Council also welcomed the initiative and pledged their support. The presentation resulted in several recommendations for continuing the fight against descent-based slavery, including the need for institutional and legal reforms, and for programmes for the socio-economic empowerment of victims of slavery, particularly through access to land ownership, to training and to economic activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/latelier-de-kita-restitution-des-premiers-resultats-de-len...
 
Description Writing workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact In September, a workshop to discuss advancements on the Special Issue "E-Motive histories of female displacements" took place in Gilleleje, Denmark.
The workshop started with all participants presenting their draft papers and receiving peer feedback, which often developed into fruitful discussions about writing styles, the use of terminology and specific context related aspects.
A debate took place on terminology, positionality and methodology. The discussions helped to advance the ideas of all contributors and clarified common guidelines.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/un-atelier-decriture-pour-le-numero-special-histoires-e-mo...
 
Description all my personal engagement activitis for GCRF SLAFMIG project are recorded under the general project's engagement activities 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference which i co-organised with Paolo Gaibazzi, in Bamako. with activists, academics and civil society stakeholders.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.slaveryforcedmigration.org/en/international-point-sud-conference-in-bamako-mali-from-1-4...
 
Description publication in Africa is a country blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We published one blog pieces on the topic of our research for Africa is a country, which is an independent news blog, sourced from the academic and research community and delivered direct to the public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://africasacountry.com/2021/03/the-fight-against-descent-based-slavery-in-mali
 
Description publication in The Conversation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We published a piece about our research project with The Conversation to reach a broader audience.
The blog post was read by more than 4,000 people, it was commented, share, re-twitted a dozen of times.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://theconversation.com/mali-fails-to-face-up-to-the-persistence-of-slavery-147636