Multidimensional Poverty: Enriching Methodologies of Measurement & Policy Analysis

Lead Research Organisation: University of Oxford
Department Name: International Development

Abstract

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Description A new method for measuring poverty, developed with the help of an ESRC-DFID grant, has been adopted by governments and organisations around the world to improve the effectiveness of poverty-reduction programmes. The AF method provides policymakers with a 'high-resolution lens' on individuals' lived experiences of poverty. By doing so, the method suggests real improvements in how poverty-reduction interventions are designed, implemented and monitored. Demand for the methodology has been so extensive that a Global Policy Network has been created to provide support, advice, and 'South-South' learning opportunities for the policymakers using it.
Conscious that poverty is more than a lack of income, Dr Sabina Alkire and Professor James Foster developed the Alkire Foster (AF) method to capture the aspects of poverty that blight poor people's lives at the same time, such as poor health, lack of education and inadequate living standards. An AF measure reflects both the incidence of poverty (the percentage of people who are poor) and the intensity of poverty (the average percentage of dimensions in which poor people are deprived). This flexible method can incorporate context-specific variables, providing an at-a-glance poverty 'rating' which can be broken down to show who is poor - by gender, ethnicity or region - and how they are poor: which aspects of poverty they are experiencing.
Demand for AF measures has escalated in recent years and now far outstrips the capacity of the small OPHI team to meet it. In response, in June 2013, OPHI, together with the governments of Mexico and Colombia, launched the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN), an international network that connects senior policymakers exploring or implementing AF measures. The Network enables early adopters to share experiences of poverty measure design, political processes and institutional arrangements. Participants include countries as diverse as China, India, Nigeria, Morocco and Chile (a total of 27 countries and institutions now participate, including ECLAC and SADC).
OPHI was requested by members to host the Network Secretariat. In this central coordinating role, it pro-actively facilitates knowledge-sharing, convenes regular communications, and establishes working groups to take timely topics forward. OPHI played a key role in staging a special side-event at the UN General Assembly in September 2013. The event, attended by over 100 leading development figures, saw five national ministers from the Network, the Secretary of State of Germany, and senior representatives from the World Bank and UNDP, call for an AF measure to be adopted both as national statistics and as a headline measure in the post-2015 development context.
Exploitation Route In June 2014 we received the ESRC Impact Award for Outstanding International Impact. We hope that this recognition will help to further interest in our work and more widely in multidimensional poverty analysis.
Through the work of the MPPN we hope to continue to provide support and advice to countries developing and implementing national MPIs, as well as providing a strong coordinated voice for inclusion of multidimensional poverty analysis in the post-2015 SDGs.
We plan to launch a book written by our research team for publication by the Oxford University Press in mid 2015. The book will provide a systematic conceptual, theoretical and methodological introduction to multidimensional poverty measurement and analysis, with specific references to the Alkire Foster methodology. It will situate this methodology within the wider set of multidimensional tools, and address issues relating to the choice of parameters which are common to most multidimensional poverty measures. It is hoped that the book will provide a useful background and guide to both students and practitioners interested in multidimensional poverty analysis.
Over the time of the grant we have run a number of workshops and two-week intensive summer schools (Netherlands, 2011; Jakarta, 2012; Washington DC, 2013; Oxford 2014). These courses have provided methodological and practical training to high-calibre participants from across the world, who have in many cases have gone on to develop MPIs within their home countries or furthered research in the field. Alongside this we have provided in-country training to practitioners from countries including Brazil, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Rwanda and Vietnam, among others.
Following substantial interest generated by UNDP's release of the global MPI in 2010, plus growing awareness of the limitations of using income measures of poverty alone, OPHI has been invited to present in academic and policy fora around the world, ranging from the American Economic Association to DFID's Chief Economist Seminar Series and the World Bank's Poverty and Inequality Measurement and Analysis Practice Group.
OPHI researchers have applied the AF method in academic studies, comparing their results with income poverty to show value-added. They developed methodologies for analysing poverty dynamics and robustness to changes in weights and other parameters. Their findings, published in journal articles and working papers, demonstrated how the AF method provides credible policy insights regarding the structure of poverty and how it varies between regions and groups of people, enabling policymakers to improve targeting, address interconnected aspects of poverty together cost-effectively, and monitor progress swiftly.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Government, Democracy and Justice

 
Description A growing number of countries are using the Alkire Foster (AF) method to design their own national multidimensional poverty measures to shape social policies or inform the targeting of anti-poverty programmes. In 2009, Mexico became the first country to launch an official national multidimensional poverty measure. It is calculated every two years, and is used extensively in the design of Mexican social policy. Colombia launched its national multidimensional poverty index (MPI) using the AF method in 2011. The measure, whose customised dimensions and indicators reflect the priorities of the National Plan, underpins the country's ambitious poverty reduction goals, and is used to monitor and coordinate progress towards them. McKinsey worked with the government on a reduction strategy using the MPI. The Incidence MPI reduced from 30.4% in 2010 to 17.8% in 2016. Chile launched an official national measure of multidimensional poverty in February 2015, and the government of Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam launched a measure in December 2014. Bhutan, El Salvador, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Honduras Nepal, Mozambique, Armenia, and Pakistan, have launched official MPIs and many others are in the process of developing official multidimensional poverty measures. Recent interest is very strong in South Asia and Africa. Findings from an OPHI working paper - which presented a multidimensional index of poverty (MPI) for 17 Latin American countries - were also included in Social Panorama of Latin America 2014, a report published by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) in January 2015. The MPI for Latin America was calculated jointly by ECLAC and OPHI. And in 2017, an Arab Poverty Report was launched, showing a regional MPI and authored by UNESCWA and OPHI as well as UNICEF. OPHI provides extensive technical assistance to government technical staff, ministers and policymakers to support them in the development of their measures. OPHI's outreach work has included many seminars and hands-on training sessions, enabling them to build rigorous multidimensional poverty measures. OPHI organises two-week intensive courses in different regions of the world, training members of national statistics offices, international agencies and universities (it trained 60+ professionals from 34 countries at its 2014 course). Via Skype, OPHI are available - and often called upon - for informal troubleshooting. OPHI acts as Secretariat for the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN), a group of more than 50 governments and 15 institutions that promotes the use of national multidimensional poverty measures. The third annual meeting of the MPPN took place from 2-3 June 2015 in Cartagena, Colombia, bringing together more than 100 policymakers and senior officials. The fourth was in Acapulco Mexico in November 2016; the fifth in Beijing China in 2017. In June 2015, OPHI published a textbook with Oxford University Press on the AF methodology to further spread technical skill. The authors presented the book at 9 universities across the UK and Europe, and in universities in the United States on a book tour in autumn 2015. The book has been translated into Chinese and other translations are pending. The impact of the AF method extends well beyond national multidimensional poverty measures. In 2009-2010, OPHI worked with the Human Development Report Office at the UN Development Programme (UNDP) to construct a Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), a measure of acute poverty covering more than 100 developing countries, for UNDP's flagship Human Development Reports. OPHI has updated the Global MPI annually since 2010, and from Winter 2014/2015 it has made updates twice a year. OPHI produces a wide range of policy briefings and web resources on the Global MPI, including an interactive databank. The AF method is also used to assess and improve the US Government's food security programmes with regard to women's empowerment and gender parity (via the Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Index, constructed by OPHI with USAID and the International Food Policy Research Institute). Annother innovative and highly cited paper extended the AF method to Energy Poverty. And the MPI was applied in Europe to the EU-SILC dataset by OPHI to explore possibilities and considerations that would arise in European applications of the MPI.
First Year Of Impact 2009
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Energy,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Healthcare
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Conference in Dominican Republic
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://www.ophi.org.uk/dominican-republic-to-establish-a-national-mpi/
 
Description Discussion on Multidimensional Poverty in Dominican Republic
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://www.ophi.org.uk/the-dominican-republic-hosts-discussion-on-multidimensional-poverty/
 
Description Global MPI 2014 Launch in London
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://www.ophi.org.uk/global-mpi-2014-launch/
 
Description High level meeting with Costa Rica government at MPPN meeting in Berlin
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact MPPN Meeting in Berlin leads to agreement to adopt MPI in two new countries, in Costa Rica and Honduras. This will help the policy-makers gain better information about poverty, help them to measure it more accurately and set up the policies to improve the situation.
URL http://www.ophi.org.uk/mppn-meeting-in-berlin-leads-to-adoption-of-mpi-in-two-new-countries/
 
Description Inauguration ceremony, Protección Social para las Américas, May 26 2014
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Meeting with the Ministry of Planning, Development and Reform of Pakistan
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://www.mppn.org/participants/pakistan/
 
Description Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN) international gathering in Berlin
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://www.mppn.org/mppn_events/government-officials-to-gather-in-berlin-for-high-level-meeting-of-t...
 
Description National MPI workshop in Pakistan, UNDP sponsored
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description OECS MPI workshop, UNDP sponsored, Grenada, 25-29 May 2014
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description OPHI Summer School in Oxford, 11- 23 Aug 2014
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Technical committee metting - OECS Living Standards Measurement Committee (LSMC), 14-15 April 2014
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Training session in Kigali, Rwanda, on the concepts of human development and multidimensional poverty measurement, 14-18 July 2014
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://www.ophi.org.uk/ophi-researchers-conduct-training-in-kigali-rwanda/
 
Description Workshop on multidimensional poverty measurement for participants from Latin America in Columbia, 17-19 Sep 2014
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://www.ophi.org.uk/colombia-hosts-workshop-on-multidimensional-poverty-measurement-for-participa...
 
Title Analysis of Destitution 
Description In 2014, OPHI updated the analysis of global poverty by using more extreme indicators to shine a light on hundreds of millions of people who each day face grinding hardships. The destitute, or poorest of the poor, are defined as those households in where: no one has completed more than one year of schooling, all primary school aged children are out of school, someone is severely malnourished, has lost two or more children, has no electricity, has to practice open defecation, has no safe water or it is further than 45 minute walk, has a dirt, sand, or dung floor, cooks with wood or dung or owns no assets. Any person who is deprived in 1/3 of these weighted indicators is Destitute, and the analysis is carried out for 49 countries. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The method will help the policy makers to measure destitute and thereby establish more efficient policies tackling poverty. 
 
Title Analysis of inequality among the poor 
Description Poverty reduction is not necessarily uniform across all poor people in a country. Seth and Alkire (2014) developed a new measure to analyse inequality among poor people in 90 countries. The highest levels of inequality among the poor are to be found in 15 Sub-Saharan African countries; in Pakistan, India and Afghanistan; and in Yemen and Somalia. In order to automatize the calculation of the MPI, OPHI developed the 'mpicomplex' command in Stata that runs the mpicomplex.ado file and automatically calculates the main MPI indexes and its standard errors. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The method will help the policy-makers understand better the distribution of inequality and develop more efficient policies for tackling poverty. 
 
Title Case Studies 
Description OPHI wants to know who are the multidimensionally poor and has interviewed them to understand the meaning of the deprivations they face according to the Global MPI. We learned about their lives - their hopes and strengths, and their challenges. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The Case Studies add a human dimension to the research of poverty and will help the scholars and policy-makers develop more efficient methods for tackling poverty. 
URL http://www.ophi.org.uk/multidimensional-poverty-index/mpi-2014/mpi-case-studies/
 
Title Country briefings 
Description A 5 to 6 pages document that presents results of the Global MPI for each of the 108 countries included in the analysis. The 108 country briefings include comparisons of MPI with other poverty measures and breakdown of the indicators and regions in each country. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The database will help the scholars and policy-makers understand better the nature and distribution of poverty and develop more efficient policies for tackling poverty. 
URL http://www.ophi.org.uk/multidimensional-poverty-index/mpi-2014/mpi-country-briefings/
 
Title MPI Date Tables 
Description The detailed data of the MPI estimations for 108 countries is available to download from four excel workbooks that also include breakdown of MPI results by rural and urban areas for 105 countries, subnational MPI for 780 regions of 69 countries and changes of MPI over time for 34 countries. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The data tables provide detailed data of MPI estimations and will help the scholars and policy-makers develop more efficient policies for tackling poverty. 
URL http://www.ophi.org.uk/multidimensional-poverty-index/mpi-2014/mpi-data/
 
Title MPI Infographics 
Description Infographics: they are leaflets that provide an at-a-glance explanation of how the Global MPI can be used to measure the many different aspects of poverty and destitution in common-life terms. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact MPI Infographics are very efficient way of explaining the basics of MPI quickly and thereby help the policy-makers to understand the field better. They are also often used for teaching purposes. 
URL http://www.ophi.org.uk/multidimensional-poverty-index/mpi-2014/infographics/
 
Title MPI Interactive Databank 
Description The detailed data of the MPI estimations for 108 countries. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The detailed data of the MPI estimations for 108 countries will help the scholars and policy-makers to understand the distribution and nature of poverty in different countries, and accordingly, develop more efficient policies for tackling poverty. 
URL http://www.ophi.org.uk/multidimensional-poverty-index/mpi-data-bank
 
Description An interview with Sabina Alkire after a keynote speech at ALCADECA, Peru, 20 May 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact The interview clarified the nature and aims of multidimensional poverty measurement.

The interview will help the policy-makers in Peru to set out their future approaches in tackling poverty in that country.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://puntoedu.pucp.edu.pe/noticias/informe-puntoedu-ha-disminuido-realmente-la-pobreza-en-nuestro-...
 
Description An interview with Sabina Alkire in La Mula, Peru 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The interview explained the principles of Multidimensional Poverty measurement.

The interview will help the auduence understand the principles of multidimensional poverty measurement and the politicians to set policies to tackle poverty in Peru.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://redaccion.lamula.pe/2014/05/26/el-crecimiento-economico-no-elimina-la-pobreza/albertoniquen/
 
Description An interview with Sabina Alkire on multidimensional poverty measurement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Sabina Alkire explained the principles and aims of multidimensional povery measurement.

The interview will enhance the understanding of the method of multidimensional povery measurement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://voiceofrussia.com/uk/news/2014_01_14/Extreme-poverty-rates-falling-worldwide-Oxford-Universit...
 
Description An interview with an OPHI researcher China Mills 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact China Mills shared information and her research outcomes about social isolation.

Improvement of understanding of the causes and dimensions of social isolation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.globalmentalhealth.org/newsletter_archive/newsletter-may
 
Description Atkinson Commission report Launch 4 November 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact As the December workshop came in under budget due to some senior discussants from abroad participating by Skype, we used the ESRC funding to organise a high profile launch of the Atkinson Commission report to the Chief Ecomomist of the World Bank, Monitoring Global Poverty. the event was co-hosted with the Oxford Martin school which provided space. The event was webcast and all materials are available online.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.ophi.org.uk/ophi_stories/measuring-global-poverty-atkinson-report-launch-4-november-2016-...
 
Description December 2016 Research Workshop on Econometric Analyses of MPI 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact As proposed we have organised a two-day research workshop on Econometric analyses of MPI, with a combination of junior and senior researchers presenting and discussing 12 papers including macro and micro as well as multi-level analyses. The workshop was held on 6-7 December 2016.

A paper was presented by Christoph Jindra and Ana Vaz on Quality of governance and multidimensional poverty: A comparative analysis of 71 countries. This paper contributing to the debate about possible beneficial effects of good governance by looking into its relationship with one specific development indicator, multidimensional poverty as measured by the global multidimensional poverty index (Alkire and Santos, 2014). Using hierarchical models and survey data for 71 countries, the paper explored the direct effect of governance on individual likelihoods of being poor.

Nicolai Suppa presented a paper on Econometric Analyses of Multidimensional Poverty.

Christian Oldiges and Bilal Malaeb presented a paper on Ethnic Diversity and Multidimensional Poverty.

Bouba Housseini and Sabina Alkire presented a paper on Economic Growth, Inequality and Multidimensional Poverty: Evidence from a Panel of countries.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.ophi.org.uk/ophi_stories/wide-ranging-workshop-held-on-trends-in-poverty/
 
Description Dynamic Comparison between Multidimensional Poverty and Monetary Poverty 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact The workshop saw 17 papers presented: two of them on multidimensional poverty methods; two on monetary poverty; and 13 in which monetary poverty and multidimensional poverty were compared in different countries, including Bhutan, India, Nepal, Uganda, Vietnam, Peru, Venezuela, Mexico, Indonesia and South Africa.



The workshop looked at a number of practical questions:

•When do multidimensional poverty measures add information lacking in monetary poverty measures?

•If the headcounts of income and MPI are similar, are the same people identified as poor by both measures?

•Should a multidimensional poverty measure include income or consumption poverty, or should these be kept separate?

•How do relationships across multidimensional and income poverty measures evolve over time?



In order to catalyse comments and input, four common analyses were presented by the papers which compared monetary and multidimensional poverty:

•Rural-urban

•By quintile

•By household size

•Cross-tabs of multidimensional and monetary poverty with matching headcounts.



Participants of the workshop included Professor Sir Tony Atkinson, OPHI Advisor and Senior Research Fellow at Nuffield College, Oxford University; Francis Stewart, Professor Emeritus of Development Economics at Oxford University's Department for International Development (ODID); Doug Golling, Professor of Development Economics at ODID; and James Foster, OPHI Research Associate and Professor of Economics and International Affairs at The Elliott School of International Affairs at George Washington University in the United States.

The participants received a comprehensive overview of the two methods.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Identifying the Bottom Billion 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Podcast discussing multidimensional poverty and the bottom billion

The listeners received a comprehensive information about multidimensional poverty.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description MPPN Launch Roundtable 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Roundtable discussion on MPPN Launch

The participants received a thorough overview of MPPN through a detailed discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description National MPI workshop, UNDP sponsored, Colombia, 17-19 September, 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact A better understanding of multidimesional approach of poverty measurement was achieved.

The meeting will help the government officials set up more informed policies of tackling poverty.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description National MPI workshop, UNDP sponsored, Pakistan, 7-18 April 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Exchange of information and experience which will enable the policy-makers make more informed decisions.

The attendants received a comprehensive overview of the nature, aims and practice of Multidimensional Poverty Index.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description OPHI Director discusses Bhutan's new poverty measure in Kuensel article, 24 January 2014. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Sabina Alkire explained the principles and methology of multidimensional poverty measurement.

A better understanding of multidimensional poverty measurement approach was achieved.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.kuenselonline.com/new-oxford-methodology-to-study-poverty/#.VFjUfofyeCG
 
Description Roundtable on Multidimensional Poverty Peer: National and Subnational Applications - Chile 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On Thursday 6 June 2013, high-level representatives from around 20 countries gathered in Oxford to formally launch the Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network, a global network for policymakers engaged in implementing multidimensional poverty measures.

The participants exchanged information and views on MPPN.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Special Side-Event at the 69th UN General Assembly 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact At a high-profile side-event attended by approximately 300 people at the 69th UN General Assembly, senior leaders from eight governments and institutions called on the UN to adopt a new multidimensional poverty measure to support the eradication of poverty in all its forms in the post-2015 development agenda. Together officials from nations as diverse as Mexico, China, South Africa, Colombia, Ecuador and the Seychelles proposed that the next round of global development targets - the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) - should incorporate a new Multidimensional Poverty Index (the MPI 2015+).

The event enhanced the understanding on Multidimensional Poverty Measurement and provided evidence-based information for future decision making.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.mppn.org/mppn_events/special-side-event-at-the-69th-un-general-assembly-2014/
 
Description Workshop on Multidimensional Poverty Dynamics 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact A workshop on multidimensional poverty dynamics, papers presented include:



'Measuring the dynamics of multiple deprivations among children: the cases of Andhra Pradesh, Ethiopia, Peru and Vietnam' by Gaston Yalonetzky



'Chronic multidimensional poverty or multidimensional chronic poverty? The case of Chile' by Mauricio Apablaza



'Intertemporal poverty comparisons' by Florent Bresson



'Missing panel datasets and the measurement of multidimensional chronic poverty' by Cesar Calvo



'Measuring vulnerability using the counting approach' by Indranil Dutta



'Multidimensional Poverty Index: Comparisons over time' by Sabina Alkire, Jose Manuel Roche and Suman Seth



'Multidimensional poverty dynamics: current state and future research directions' by Sabina Alkire (Chair)

The attendants received a comprehensive overview of the nature, aims and practice of Multidimensional Poverty Index.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013