BRIDGE - Building Resilience In a Dynamic Global Economy: Complexity across scales in the Food-Water-Energy Nexus

Lead Research Organisation: University of Cambridge
Department Name: Land Economy

Abstract

This proposal aims to develop a framework of analysis and policy engagement to improve the resilience of the Brazilian Food-Water-Energy (FWE) nexus to global environmental and economic change. It will combine established UK expertise and specifically developed, state-of-the-art analytical capacity in socio-economic and environmental modelling to build a robust environmental policy assessment methodology for the Brazilian FWE nexus in the context of global change. The modelling capacity, skills and knowledge will be transferred to relevant actors in Brazil to enable local academics to continue informing and engaging policymakers through a continued sustainability transition during and beyond the end of this project.

Brazilian society faces significant uncertainty due to two significant global contextual factors. On one hand, global environmental change, due to global unsustainable resource use and greenhouse gas emissions, is highly likely to change weather patterns, which will affect detrimentally the land cover and biodiversity in Brazil, with severe impacts on agriculture. On the other hand, without appropriate policies in place, the Brazilian economy and environment, relying heavily on exports of natural resources for prosperity, can be vulnerable to global economic change, where changes in demand for commodities could lead to either environmental degradation and large scale land-use change, or decreased wealth and employment. Both types of changes are likely to impact and create intricate complexities in the Brazilian FWE nexus. These transformations and forces must be understood in order to minimise detrimental impacts to welfare and the environment in Brazil.

Building on past experience and on a partnership with Brazilian academics established through our current EPSRC-CONFAP networking grant for research team building on the FWE nexus (EP/N002504/1), this project will produce a unique contribution to achieve these objectives by using a combination of state-of-the-art detailed multi-scale modelling of the coupled energy-economy-land-use-climate global system, linked to cutting-edge environmental policy and law expertise to effectively inform modelling activities of workable policy frameworks. The ultimate goal is to transfer both types of knowledge and capacity to relevant academic and non-academic actors in Brazil.

Sustainability practices can be influenced by policy; however policy can have unexpected and unintended impacts. In order to effectively promote a sustainability transition, the policy process and cycle must be actively engaged with well-informed actors. This project will combine cutting-edge UK and Brazilian expertise in environmental policy and law with our state-of-the-art, detailed environmental policy modelling capacity to engage the Brazilian policy process in order to significantly improve policy-maker foresight and ultimately the resilience of Brazilian society to possible future global environmental and economic change through a sustainability transition.

Finally, civil society and communities can be guided by sustainability projects that demonstrate best practice, exercises that can be scaled up and replicated. Building on previous successful experience of our Brazil-based team (the REGSA and JELARE projects), this project will also involve setting up small-scale sustainability demonstration and awareness-raising projects in order to show best-practice in each case and engage with the public. This will include a 'sustainable forest' project related to farming practices at the UNISUL university experimental farm, an 'energy forest' project related to the generation of sustainable forestry-related energy products, and a 'less hydro' simulation exercise to engage the public in understanding how to increase the resilience of the energy system to water scarcity.

Planned Impact

The improvement of the resilience of the human-environment system in Brazil can take place through the implementation of effective policy frameworks in collaboration between stakeholders, researchers and policy-makers. Informing policy-making effectively for successfully managing a sustainability transition can take place in different ways: through engagement of the policy sphere by the academic sector, through consultation and engagement of civil society and stakeholders with policy-makers, and through efficient consultancy for governments. The BRIDGE project aims to contribute to build significant capacity in Brazil for each of these, by first developing, through collaborative work, detailed analysis capacity (computational models and skills to use those) that will be transferred to relevant actors in Brazil, in order to maintain analytical capacity beyond the end of this project.

In Brazil, the analytical capacity and skills will be retained by academics and researchers based primarily at UNISUL but also beyond, who will inform and engage with stakeholders, at the local and national government in Brazil, providing a strong evidence base for a sustainability transition in the FWE nexus. Such a transformation requiring to be scientifically informed at every stage, the analysis capacity produced in this project will enable local actors to maintain and improve information supporting the policy cycle and dialogue in Brazil, by UNISUL, beyond the end of this project.

In the UK, modelling capacity and expertise will be transferred to experienced consultants at Cambridge Econometrics, who will integrate the knowledge and methods produced in this project to their main workflow, in order to offer rapid and qualified analysis, with technical support and training, to policy and stakeholders internationally beyond those involved in this project. This approach enables indefinite maintenance and improvement of models and knowledge produced in this project, made available for efficient use, at low cost, with significant support, in Brazil and internationally. This knowledge transfer activity will ensure sustainable development of knowledge to arise in this project.

Environmental policy and law experts will provide expertise in order to determine which approach to which policy issue is most likely to lead to successful policy change, in close collaboration with Brazilian partner academics closely engaged with the policy process, who will provide close contact to local and national policy-makers. Such a project setup is more likely to lead to useful and effective policy engagement, in comparison to traditional research-only projects.

Our effective scientific dissemination programme will be a crucial element of the project, translating highly technical information into language that can be understood unambiguously by the public concerning possible environmental or human sustainability issues looming, or potential future detrimental impacts of environmental change lying in the current course of development in Brazil. Our consortium has a strong and established experience at achieving this, for instance with the LINKS2015 (EP/N002504/1), REGSA (http://www.regsa-project.eu) and JELARE (http://www.jelare-project.eu) sustainability and renewables projects.

This project will contribute to the scientific and academic sector with peer-reviewed journal publications as well as accessible open access and open source models and data that can be downloaded. We will offer access to the methods, theory and model components to be used by other academic, private and public research bodies. Open access to scientific output will be crucial for maximising impact: data and papers produced in this project will be made available online. Impact will be obtained through our extensive programme of engagement with Brazilian stakeholders, but also through existing contacts with UK stakeholders and international organisations (e.g. DECC, CCC, UNEP, UNDP).

Publications

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Barbosa S (2017) Multi-criteria analysis model to evaluate transport systems: An application in Florianópolis, Brazil in Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice

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Berchin I (2017) Strategies to promote sustainability in higher education institutions in International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education

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De Andrade Guerra J (2018) A proposal of a Balanced Scorecard for an environmental education program at universities in Journal of Cleaner Production

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Figueiredo Pereira De Faria A (2016) Understanding food security and international security links in the context of climate change in Third World Quarterly

 
Description In the BRIDGE project we have been developing a framework of analysis and policy engagement to improve the resilience of the Brazilian Food-Water-Energy. Our multidisciplinary team, formed by economists, engineers, lawyers, natural scientists, social scientists and innovation experts, have been able to combine research at the highest level of excellence with activities 'on-the-field', oriented to generate an impact in the wider society. During the first half of the project, some of our achievements include:
.- We have identified the most salient Nexus interactions relevant for Brazil as well as the shortcomings of the existing governance framework. Through the analysis of data from economic and biophysical modelling sources, in combination with an overview of the legislative and policy landscape, we have detected the most significant challenges for Brazil on each of the Nexus links:
- Water-Energy link, focusing on water use for hydroelectricity under increasing climate change constraints,
- Energy-Food link, focusing on the competition for land between energy and food production sparked by biofuels policy,
- Food-Water link, focusing on the impact of climate change on food production in Brazil; and
- Water-Energy-Food simultaneous links, focusing both on indirect land use change (ILUC) generated by global demand for agricultural and bio-energy commodities produced in Brazil, and on the scarcity of suitable land resulting from climate change.

.- We have developed a new methodology to model land-use change, currently being incorporated into a large scale Integrated Assessment Model. The new land use change model (called FTT:Agriculture) will support the study of Nexus scenarios in Brazil.
Exploitation Route One of the main BRIDGE objectives 'to develop a framework of analysis and policy engagement to effectively inform and support the policy cycle in Brazil'. To make this process sustainable, knowledge transfer is crucial. Consequently, we are currently building capacity in the UK and Brazil, so the knowledge and methods produced in this project can be used beyond the length of the project. We hope the analytical capacity and skills will be retained by academics and researchers based primarily at UNISUL but also beyond, who will engage with stakeholders, the local and national government in Brazil in order to inform with a strong evidence base a sustainable transition in the FWE Nexus
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Energy,Environment

URL https://bridgeproject.net/
 
Description Instead of using an approach based on 'dissemination', BRIDGE uses a 'co-productive' framework, in which the different stakeholders of the project are invited to participate actively in the research process. For this purpose, part of our work has consisted in translating highly technical information from our research into a language that can be understood unambiguously by the public, concerning environmental and human sustainability issues. Using this information, we have developed 'on the ground' knowledge exchange activities, in the form of multi-stakeholder sessions whith policy makers, private sector leaders, academics and NGOs. In this sessions, we pursue conceptual impact (our stakeholders better understand the general Nexus challenges from different perspectives), instrumental impact (influence the development of sustainable practices and policies) and capacity building (effectively transfer knowledge and inform students, researchers, general public and decision makers about the cross-sectoral complexities involved in the Nexus).
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Cultural,Policy & public services

 
Description Green Industrial Policy and Trade Manual
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL http://un-page.org/files/public/gita_manual_150ppi_full_3.pdf
 
Description Protocol on Water and Health
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
URL http://www.unece.org/env/water/pwh_bodies/cc.html
 
Description Solar hydroponic greenhouse pilot project at UNISUL
Geographic Reach South America 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://hoje.unisul.br/inovacao-projeto-desenvolvido-pelo-curso-de-agronomia-da-unisul-estudara-compe...
 
Description CHRG Funding for Sustainability Transitions before International Courts and Tribunals
Amount £13,000 (GBP)
Organisation Cambridge Humanities Research Grant Scheme 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2017 
 
Description ESRC Impact Acceleration Account (IAA) Programme 2017-18
Amount £19,800 (GBP)
Organisation ESRC Impact Acceleration Account Cambridge 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 03/2019
 
Description Philomathia Funding for The Law of Energy Transitions
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Organisation Philomathia Foundation 
Sector Academic/University
Country Canada
Start 12/2017 
 
Title FTT:Agiculture 
Description The Future Technology Transformation (FTT) modelling suite is a family of sectoral bottom-up models of technology diffusion, developed at the Cambridge Centre for Climate Change Mitigation Research (4CMR), under the direction of Dr. Jean Francois Mercure. FTT models decision-making by heterogeneous agents under expectations (e.g. price, returns, Mercure, 2012, 2015; Mercure et al., 2014). It has been applied to agriculture in a recent pilot project, theoretically and computationally. Coupled to state of the art land cover and productivity modelling, as well as climate science and carbon cycle modelling (expertise of the Open UUniversity, Holden et al., 2014; O K Oyebamiji et al., 2014), FTT:Agriculture is designed to explore land-use change decisions based on expectations over local agricultural commodity price contexts. Its real scientific power however is unleashed when coupled to the macroeconomic model E3ME. This enables us to explore land-use change that result from agricultural commodity price fluctuations, which themselves stem from the evolution of consumption in countries across the world, land productivity and scarcity. In this model context, price and return expectations by heterogeneous agents lead to large-scale land-use change. For instance, we can simulate the impact of rapidly increasing meat consumption in middle-income countries, due to increasing affluence, on deforestation in Brazil. E3ME-FTT already includes the capacity to model future global energy system and fuel combustion emissions, while Open University emulators provide detailed projections of climate, warming and rainfall changes on a GIS grid. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact FTT:Agriculture will allow representation of land use regulations and commodity pricing policies (tariffs, taxes, etc), as incentives to heterogeneous land-use agents. This new cutting-edge type of non-equilibrium/non-optimisation modelling capacity with high policy instrument definition does not currently exist elsewhere in the international community. The project will thus create a new-generation global land-use modelling framework that could help inform land-use policy internationally, with a specific focus on Brazil. 
 
Description Partnership between CAMNEXUS and UNISUL to support green innovation in Brazil 
Organisation Camnexus Ltd
PI Contribution Dr. Jessica Ocampos, who is Director of CAMNEXUS Ltd., Fellow of C-EENRG and part of the Advisory Board of BRIDGE, has been actively collaborating with the technology transfer office of UNISUL (AGETEC), to support innovations in the areas of food, water and energy in Brazil. She has participated on several of the BRIDGE project activities, and has actively engaged with private sector stakeholders in Santa Catarina, to promote green innovation in the region.
Collaborator Contribution AGETEC (Agência de Gestão, Desenvolvimento Científico, Tecnologia e Inovação da Unisul), the technology transfer office of UNISUL, and CAMNEXUS Ltd., represented by its Director, Dr. Jessica Ocampos, have signed an agreement of collaboration for promoting green technologies and the development of local capacities in technology transfer and innovation in Santa Catarina, in the context of the project BRIDGE.
Impact The main outcome of this collaboration has been the signed agreement between UNISUL and CAMNEXUS. Whilst the collaboration is focused in the area of technology transfer and innovation, it also includes experts in the areas of technology development (e.g., chemical engineers, electrical engineers), business development and sustainability.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Partnership between CAMNEXUS and UNISUL to support green innovation in Brazil 
Organisation University of Southern Santa Catarina
PI Contribution Dr. Jessica Ocampos, who is Director of CAMNEXUS Ltd., Fellow of C-EENRG and part of the Advisory Board of BRIDGE, has been actively collaborating with the technology transfer office of UNISUL (AGETEC), to support innovations in the areas of food, water and energy in Brazil. She has participated on several of the BRIDGE project activities, and has actively engaged with private sector stakeholders in Santa Catarina, to promote green innovation in the region.
Collaborator Contribution AGETEC (Agência de Gestão, Desenvolvimento Científico, Tecnologia e Inovação da Unisul), the technology transfer office of UNISUL, and CAMNEXUS Ltd., represented by its Director, Dr. Jessica Ocampos, have signed an agreement of collaboration for promoting green technologies and the development of local capacities in technology transfer and innovation in Santa Catarina, in the context of the project BRIDGE.
Impact The main outcome of this collaboration has been the signed agreement between UNISUL and CAMNEXUS. Whilst the collaboration is focused in the area of technology transfer and innovation, it also includes experts in the areas of technology development (e.g., chemical engineers, electrical engineers), business development and sustainability.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Partnership with Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and Cambridge Econometrics for World Bank call on socioeconomic impacts of Brazil's NDC. 
Organisation Cambridge Econometrics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution A multidisciplinary team of international experts was assembled by Cambridge Econometrics to answer the World Bank call "Preparation of Modeling to Estimate the Socioeconomic Impacts of the Adoption of a Carbon Pricing Instrument as part of Brazil's NDC Implementation Package". Four members of C-EENRG participated in the team: Jorge Viñuales, Jean-Francois Mercure, Maria Augusta Paim and Pablo Salas. The C-EENRG team worked in close collaboration with Cambridge Econometrics (CE) and the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) in the preparation of the proposal. The proposal built on the technical capabilities of the multidisciplinary team of lawyers, economists, engineers and modellers, to analyse future scenarios for Brazil, using the Integrated Assessment Modelling Platform E3ME. The proposal was submitted on the 16th of October 2017. The links between C-EENRG, CE and the UFRJ have been strengthen throughout the BRIDGE project. C-EENRG and CE are recipients of ESRC funding in BRIDGE and UFRJ is part of the advisory board of the project.
Collaborator Contribution The multidisciplinary team assembled to answer the World Bank call was led by Hector Pollitt, Head of Modelling at Cambridge Econometrics and member of the BRIDGE project. The project included three Brazilian coordinators: Camila Gramkow (independent researcher), Maria Augusta Paim (C-EENRG) and Amaro Pereira (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ). Maria Augusta Paim is part of the BRIDGE team of C-EENRG, and Professor Pereira is part of the advisory board of the project. The main role of Hector Pollitt's team at CE was to coordinate the call preparation, with a particular focus on the modelling work. Camila Gramkow was in charge of the literature review and Amaro Pereira was in charge of estimating the socioeconomic impacts of implementing the instrument policy packages in Brazil. Maria Augusta Paim was in charge of the regulatory implications of implementing carbon pricing policies in Brazil, supported by the C-EENRG members Jorge Viñuales and Pablo Salas. Jean-Francois Mercure supported Hector Pollitt in the modelling work.
Impact The main output of this collaboration was the proposal submitted to the World Bank on the 16th of October, 2017: "Preparation of Modeling to Estimate the Socioeconomic Impacts of the Adoption of a Carbon Pricing Instrument as part of Brazil's NDC Implementation Package". This is a multidisciplinary collaboration, including the following disciplines: .- Economics (Hector Pollitt, Jean-Francois Mercure, Amaro Pereira, Camila Gramkow) .- Law (Jorge Viñuales, Maria Augusta Paim) .- Engineering (Pablo Salas,)
Start Year 2017
 
Description Partnership with Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and Cambridge Econometrics for World Bank call on socioeconomic impacts of Brazil's NDC. 
Organisation Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Department Alberto Luiz Coimbra Institute of Postgraduate Studies and Research in Engineering (COPPE)
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution A multidisciplinary team of international experts was assembled by Cambridge Econometrics to answer the World Bank call "Preparation of Modeling to Estimate the Socioeconomic Impacts of the Adoption of a Carbon Pricing Instrument as part of Brazil's NDC Implementation Package". Four members of C-EENRG participated in the team: Jorge Viñuales, Jean-Francois Mercure, Maria Augusta Paim and Pablo Salas. The C-EENRG team worked in close collaboration with Cambridge Econometrics (CE) and the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) in the preparation of the proposal. The proposal built on the technical capabilities of the multidisciplinary team of lawyers, economists, engineers and modellers, to analyse future scenarios for Brazil, using the Integrated Assessment Modelling Platform E3ME. The proposal was submitted on the 16th of October 2017. The links between C-EENRG, CE and the UFRJ have been strengthen throughout the BRIDGE project. C-EENRG and CE are recipients of ESRC funding in BRIDGE and UFRJ is part of the advisory board of the project.
Collaborator Contribution The multidisciplinary team assembled to answer the World Bank call was led by Hector Pollitt, Head of Modelling at Cambridge Econometrics and member of the BRIDGE project. The project included three Brazilian coordinators: Camila Gramkow (independent researcher), Maria Augusta Paim (C-EENRG) and Amaro Pereira (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ). Maria Augusta Paim is part of the BRIDGE team of C-EENRG, and Professor Pereira is part of the advisory board of the project. The main role of Hector Pollitt's team at CE was to coordinate the call preparation, with a particular focus on the modelling work. Camila Gramkow was in charge of the literature review and Amaro Pereira was in charge of estimating the socioeconomic impacts of implementing the instrument policy packages in Brazil. Maria Augusta Paim was in charge of the regulatory implications of implementing carbon pricing policies in Brazil, supported by the C-EENRG members Jorge Viñuales and Pablo Salas. Jean-Francois Mercure supported Hector Pollitt in the modelling work.
Impact The main output of this collaboration was the proposal submitted to the World Bank on the 16th of October, 2017: "Preparation of Modeling to Estimate the Socioeconomic Impacts of the Adoption of a Carbon Pricing Instrument as part of Brazil's NDC Implementation Package". This is a multidisciplinary collaboration, including the following disciplines: .- Economics (Hector Pollitt, Jean-Francois Mercure, Amaro Pereira, Camila Gramkow) .- Law (Jorge Viñuales, Maria Augusta Paim) .- Engineering (Pablo Salas,)
Start Year 2017
 
Description 2017-04-05 - Seminar: Food, Water, and Energy in the Context of Climate Change: Major World Challenges of the XXI century (Cambridge, UK) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The seminar on 'Food, Water, and Energy in the Context of Climate Change: Major World Challenges of the XXI century' was given by Benny Dembitzer, member of the team that won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1985 and Managing Director of Grassroots Africa. The seminar was introduced by the following presentations of researchers from UNISUL, partners of the BRIDGE Project:
• Mr. Issa Ibrahim Berchin and Prof. José Baltazar Guerra (PI, Brazil), on 'Higher Education Institutions as catalysts of innovations for sustainable development: The Role of Education for Sustainable Development in Universities'.
• Mr. João Marcelo Pereira (Co-I, Brazil) and Prof. José Baltazar Guerra (PI, Brazil), on 'The Water, Energy and Food Nexus approach and Brazilian public policies in the context of Sustainable Development Goals'.
• Prof. Celso Lopes de Albuquerque (Co-I, Brazil) and Prof. Rafael Ávila Faraco (Co-I, Brazil), on 'Mineral Extraction - Environmental Impacts and Solutions: A case study from the South of Brazil'.
The above-mentioned presentations have included some of the outcomes of the BRIDGE Project Work Package 4 (Pilot Action: Resilient Community), consisting of examples of small-scale sustainability activities already implemented in Santa Catarina. The event audience counted approximately 60 people. The Cambridge University Brazilian Society (CUBS) has helped in the organization of the event which has attracted scholars from the University of Cambridge or elsewhere interested in the discussion about the governance of natural resources in Brazil. This was an opportunity to divulge the BRIDGE project, its researchers and outcomes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://bridgeproject.net/eventscalendar/05-04-2017-cambridge-uk-seminar-by-benny-dembitzer-food-wate...
 
Description 2017-04-26 - Meeting at the Florianopolis City Council (Florianópolis, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on April 2017, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to visit relevant policy makers at the city level, as part of the activities under the Work Package 3 (Engagement with Stakeholders and Policy Makers). On the 26th of April, Prof. Baltazar Guerra (UNISUL), Dr. Jean-Francois Mercure (Radboud) and Dr. Pablo Salas (Cambridge) presented the BRIDGE project at the Florianopolis City Council. The meeting was chaired by the City Counselor Mr. Maikon Costa to an audience of approximately 30 people, including Florianopolis City Counselors, BRIDGE researchers, UNISUL students and general public. The Counselors offered their support to the BRIDGE project, and five of them participated at the next day in the BRIDGE International Workshop, held at UNISUL.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://bridgeproject.net/eventscalendar/26-04-2017-florianopolis-brazil-meeting-at-the-florianopoli...
 
Description 2017-04-27 - BRIDGE International Workshop (Florianópolis, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact On 27April 2017, UNISUL hosted the BRIDGE International Workshop in Florianópolis. The main goal of the event was to connect academics from Europe and Brazil with Brazilian leaders and decision makers to discuss potential collaborations to strengthen the resilience of Brazil to global economic and environmental change, particularly in the areas of food, water and energy.

The workshop was divided in two parts, as described below:

• Part A: Engagement between policy-makers and academia, aiming at reaching the following objectives: (i) further explain the engagement strategy, (ii) understand the type of modelling work being conducted on the Nexus in Brazil (identification of work, research institutions, and relevant contacts in government/private sector/civil society), (iii) learn more about projected threat/opportunities as understood by our Brazilian colleagues and other stakeholders, and (iv) further explain what we intend to do and clarify channels for both collaboration and impact.

• Part B: Influencing the policy cycle from a scientific and legal perspective had the following objectives: (i) further explain the engagement strategy, (ii) understand the type of law and policy work being conducted on the Nexus or relevant areas in Brazil (identification of work, research institutions, and relevant contacts in government/private sector/civil society), (iii) learn more about projected windows of opportunity as understood by our Brazilian colleagues and other stakeholders, and (iv) further explain what we intend to do and clarify channels for both collaboration and impact.

Around 120 attendees has participated on the first part of the workshop (Part A), including 5 Florianopolis city counselors, 7 State deputies, 3 members of the legislative assembly of Santa Catarina, the director of FAPESC, several representatives of the public sector, academics and students of the main Universities in Santa Catarina. The attendees were separated in 4 groups, according to their expertise in the areas of Water, Energy, Food and Conservation. In each small group session the participants were encouraged to share their ideas about the interconnections between their group's sector and the others in Brazil, followed by the presentation of the summary of the ideas discussed to all the participants. The Part A of the Workshop was concluded with the engagement of all participants in the identification of the most relevant Water-Energy-Food Nexus issues in Brazil.


The second part of the Workshop (Part B) congregated approximately 50 people, mostly academics. The groups engaged in a discussion about the Water-Energy-Food Nexus policy failures and opportunities in Brazil.

As a result of the Workshop, the participants became part of the BRIDGE Community of Practice. The BRIDGE researchers will consult the Community of Practice for information and further discussions related to the most relevant Water-Energy-Food Nexus issues in Brazil. The Workshop outcomes are relevant for the Work Packages 2 (Model Development and Baseline Study), 3 (Engagement with Stakeholders and Policy Makers), 4 (Pilot Action: Resilient Community) and 5 (Awareness raising and dissemination activities).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://bridgeproject.net/eventscalendar/27-04-2017-florianopolis-brazil-bridge-international-worksh...
 
Description 2017-04-27 - Meeting at the Legislative Assembly of the State of Santa Catarina (Florianópolis, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on April 2017, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to visit relevant policy makers at the state level, as part of the activities under the Work Package 3 (Engagement with Stakeholders and Policy Makers). On the 27th of April 2017, a delegation was received by the President of the Legislative Assembly of Santa Catarina, Mr. Silvio Dreveck. In that meeting, the BRIDGE project was introduced to Mr. Dreveck, and potential collaborations between the BRIDGE team and the Legislative Assembly of Santa Catarina were discussed, in terms of supporting the development of Nexus policies at the state level.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://bridgeproject.net/eventscalendar/27-04-2017-florianopolis-brazil-meeting-at-the-legislative-a...
 
Description 2017-04-28 - Meeting at the Tubarao Mayor Cabinet and City Council (Tubarao, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on April 2017, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to visit relevant policy makers at the state and city level, as part of the activities under the Work Package 3 (Engagement with Stakeholders and Policy Makers). On the 28th of April 2017, a delegation was received by the Mayor of Tubarao, Mr. Joares Carlos Ponticelli, his Cabinet and by the Tubarao City Council. Mr. Ponticelli, who is alumni of UNISUL, maintains a close relationship with his alma mater. In that context, the Mayor gave all his support for the BRIDGE project, and expressed his interest in fostering potential collaborations between the BRIDGE team and the city of Tubarao, particularly in the area of sustainable food production policies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://bridgeproject.net/eventscalendar/28-04-2017-tubarao-brazil-meeting-at-the-tubarao-mayor-cabin...
 
Description 2017-04-28 - Meeting with Researchers at UNISUL (Tubarao, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on April 2017, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to meet a group of researchers from UNISUL. The goal was to discuss potential ways to collaborate in the Nexus area, from a multidisciplinary perspective. The BRIDGE project was presented at the UNISUL campus in Tubarão, for an audience of researchers from different disciplines, including engineering, computing sciences, social sciences, natural sciences and economics. Researchers showed major interest for the project, and several potential lines of collaboration were discussed, particularly relevant for the Work Packages 2 (Model Development and Baseline Study), 4 (Pilot Action: Resilient Community) and 5 (Awareness raising and dissemination activities).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 2017-05-01 - Meeting with Brazilian diplomats (Brasilia, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on April 2017, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to meet relevant stakeholders in Brasilia, as part of the activities under the Work Package 3 (Engagement with Stakeholders and Policy Makers). On the 1st of May, the team held a meeting with Brazilian diplomats, a Professor of International Relations of the University of Brasilia and a Brazilian Prosecutor for Environmental Law. On this occasion, the BRIDGE team explained the Project to the Brazilian stakeholders, and they provided relevant information regarding: (i) Brazilian institutions in the Energy, Water, Agricultural and Environmental sectors, including background information and the key-people to get in touch with; (ii) sources of data that can be helpful during the research, coming from official institutions, private companies' reports, relevant books and scholars; and (iii) an overview of the environmental competencies and law-making processes in Brazil.
The Diplomats and the Prosecutor offered their assistance to the Project in a later stage, to help establishing connections between the researchers and policy and law-making actors in Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 2017-05-02 - Meeting at the Brazilian Ministry of Mines and Energy (Brasilia, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on April 2017, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to meet relevant stakeholders in Brasilia, as part of the activities under the Work Package 3 (Engagement with Stakeholders and Policy Makers). On the 2nd of May, the team held a meeting with Mr Luis Fernando Badanhan, General Coordinator of Sustainability of the Energy Sector at the Brazilian Ministry of Mines and Energy. During the meeting, an overview of the Brazilian power sector was presented by the Ministry representative, including structures, entities, functions and future perspectives. The BRIDGE team introduced the project to the Ministry representative, and both agreed on developing further contacts and collaborations, once the project is in a more advanced stage of development. The Brazilian Ministry of Mines and Energy assistance to the project is of particular relevancy for the completion of the Work Package 2 (Model Development and Baseline Study).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 2017-05-02 International Workshop on the Food-Water-Energy Nexus in Brazil - University of Brasilia and BRIDGE Consortium 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The seminar aimed at connecting academics from the BRIDGE Project and the University of Brasilia to discuss ways in which we can strengthen the resilience of Brazil to global economic and environmental changes, particularly in the areas of food, water and energy.
The first part of the Seminar, entitled "Introduction to the BRIDGE Project", has included presentations from the researchers Prof. Jorge Vinuales, Dr. Jean-Francois Mercure and Dr. Pablo Salas about the BRIDGE consortium and the overview of the policy, law and stakeholder engagement for Water-Energy-Food (WEF) Nexus Management and Science.
The second part of the Seminar, entitled "The WEF Nexus from the Brazilian experts' perspective", has consisted of the following presentations: "Environmental regulation of the Nexus in Brazil" (Dra. Maria Augusta Paim), "Agriculture and Brazilian mining" (Dr. Adriano Cancado Trindade), "Climate and food security related to the oceans: is there any orchestration so far?" (Prof. Dra. Ana Flavia Granja e Barros), "Legal problems and challenges in regulating sustainable development of international biofuel trade: an analysis of public/private law and non-law instruments" (Dra. Priscila Andrade), and "Economic instruments and private property in environmental law: compensations markets in the climate change challenges" (Gabriela G. B. Lima Moraes).
The seminar was attended by students and researchers of the Natural Resources, Law and Sustainable Development Research Group - GERN, from the Law School of the University of Brasilia, and by some relevant stakeholders from the WEF public and private sectors in Brazil, such as: Thiago Siqueira Massson (Brazilian Confederation of Agriculture and Livestock), Luiz Alberto da Cunha Bustamente (Legislative Advisor - Senado Federal, Mining and Energy) and Henrique Leite (Legislative Advisor - Camara dos Deputados, Environment). After the Seminar, Thiago and Henrique have made further contacts to the BRIDGE Project researchers to discuss future collaborations opportunities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://bridgeproject.net/eventscalendar/02-05-2017-brasilia-brazil-international-workshop-on-the-foo...
 
Description 2017-05-03 - Meeting at the Agencia Nacional de Aguas - ANA (Brasilia, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact In the context of the BRIDGE Executive Management Team (EMT) meeting held in Brazil on April 2017, the BRIDGE team took the opportunity to meet relevant stakeholders in Brasilia. On the 3rd of May, the team held a meeting with members of the National Water Agency (Agencia Nacional de Aguas - ANA), to discuss the historical context of the water sector in Brazil, considerations about the flaws of the water planning and modeling currently in force, and the main users and water conflicts occurring in Brazil at the moment. It was an opportunity for the BRIDGE team to explain the Project for the Brazilian public sector, in order to develop further contacts and collaborations, once the project is in a more advance stage of development.

From ANA, the attendees were:

Luciano Meneses Cardoso da Silva (Federal Water Grant Manager)
Luiz Amore (International Advisor)
Marco J. M. Neves (Coordinator of the Hydrology Area)
Gonzalo Vázquez (Expert in Geo-processing)
Alan Emanuel Cavalcante Trajano (Lawyer and Advisor for the President of ANA)
Bruno Collischonn (Regulatory Oversight Coordinator).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 2017-10-16 to 18 - Attendance at the UNECE events: Global Workshop on Water Allocation and Task Force meeting on Water-Food-Energy-Ecosystem Nexus 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The UNECE events Global Workshop and Task Force meeting took place in Geneva under the auspices of the Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Water Convention). Both events have brought together more than 100 representatives and experts from governments, international organizations, non-governmental organizations and academia, coming from over 48 countries in Europe, Africa, Asia and the Americas. During the global workshop on water allocation, the participants shared experiences and knowledge on strengthening transboundary water allocation arrangements, including criteria, methodologies, tools and good practices. The WEF Nexus meeting's participants have discussed the implementation of the activities of the nexus on the programme of work of the Water Convention, in particular the methodological advances for the nexus assessment of intersectorial issues and some basins cases on how the nexus approach could be put into practice. The WEF Nexus meeting has allowed some participants to present on-going experiences worldwide that could have links with the nexus assessments under the Water Convention. The representative of the BRIDGE project in the meeting was able to speak briefly about the project, emphasizing its global model of land-energy-water use, climate change and macroeconomics. Although Brazil is not part of the Water Convention the outcomes of the BRIDGE Project Work Package 2 (Model Development and Baseline Study) could contribute to the development of a nexus policy assessment tool to be adopted worldwide. After the meeting, the BRIDGE team is in contact with the researchers working with UNECE on the development of a nexus methodology and tool, namely: Fondazioni Eni Enrico Mattei, the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), the European Commission and the OECD, for the sharing of experiences and future collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.unece.org/index.php?id=43626