Violence, Abuse and Mental Health: Opportunities for Change

Lead Research Organisation: King's College London
Department Name: Health Service and Population Research

Abstract

Violence and abuse are endemic globally. In the most recent Crime Survey in England and Wales, 2% reported past-year community violence (where most victims were men). Domestic violence or abuse (physical, sexual, psychological, economic and controlling or coercive behaviour) in the last year was reported by 7.5% of women and 4.3% of men, with victims of repeated or severe domestic violence and/or sexual violence more likely to be women. Most previous mental health research has neglected the impact of domestic and sexual violence on mental health and well-being, so our network will prioritise these, and their links with childhood experiences, and mental health in childhood and adulthood. We know that people with mental health problems are more likely to be victims of domestic or sexual violence, or have witnessed parental violence as a child; some mental health problems are also, much less commonly, associated with committing violent acts though there is very little known about this in relation to domestic violence perpetration. The UK government has recognised that preventing and reducing the impact of domestic and sexual violence and abuse is an important way to improve mental health.

This network aims to reduce the prevalence of mental health problems among children, working age adults, and the elderly, by bringing together experts with different ways of thinking about violence, abuse and mental health - some will have personal experience of these issues, others will have expertise from the work that they do, and survivor researchers have expertise born of lived experience and their work. Understanding, preventing and reducing the impact of violence and abuse on mental health requires that we resolve problems that have prevented progress in the past. Firstly, different organisations mean different things when they talk about violence and abuse. This has meant that violence and abuse, and mental health, are measured in different ways by different organisations, and that information collected about violence and abuse does not tell us what we need to know. For example, mental health surveys sometimes ask about violence, but do not ask about the relationship between the victim or perpetrator, what type of violence was experienced, or how it impacted on mental health. Secondly, we have limited knowledge of how and why experiencing different types of violence and abuse increases the risk of developing mental disorders, or how new digital technologies are changing people's experiences of abuse and how this impacts on mental health. Thirdly, we do not have interventions that are effective in preventing or reducing violence experienced by people with mental health problems, or programmes that reduce the risk of mental health problems developing after experiences of violence or abuse.

Network activities will address these challenges through: 1) working with people who have personal experience of violence, abuse, and mental health problems to learn from different perspectives, and generate fresh ideas and research questions, with a focus on the commonest types of violence- domestic and sexual violence and abuse; 2) trying to answer research questions through small grant competitions, workshops, conferences, and other events; some of these will lead to larger grant applications; 3) sharing measurement approaches, including how to ethically and safely research this area, which will help data collection and analysis by health services, the criminal justice system, family courts, social care, charities, and researchers. We will also develop an online resource providing information about datasets that can be used in research in the future. We aim to make our results known by publicising them widely through our network and other organisations, including policy makers within NHS England, Public Health England and the National Institute for Health and Social Care Excellence, technology companies and the general public.

Planned Impact

Key beneficiaries:
1. People with lived experience of interpersonal violence or abuse and mental health problems;
2. The general population including at risk groups such as young people, and people with disabilities;
3. Mental health professionals;
4. Academics - see "Academic beneficiaries";
5. Third sector providers of support for survivors of DV and SV, and programmes for DV perpetrators. The third sector have expressed concern about mental health services failing to address DV and SV, and report mental health problems can be a barrier to effective help for perpetrators and survivors;
6. Self-help groups, peer support providers, and community groups;
7. Policy makers, regulators, commissioners and public health leads;
8. Technologists, including software designers and "Internet of Things" manufacturers;
9. Police, HM prison and probation service.

They will benefit in the following ways:
1. People with mental health problems who are survivors of violence and abuse will be supported more effectively as a result of the development of more appropriate interventions and trauma informed care; they will also be informed about our research through survivor organisations' newsletters and shape the research agenda.
2. The general population will better understand the impact of violence and abuse on mental health through public engagement activities and the media, and through education e.g. on healthy relationships in schools. Publicity and dissemination of the network's activity may also enhance awareness of violence and abuse and help-seeking opportunities.
3. Training of mental health professionals will improve as it will be more informed by a greater understanding of the impact of violence and abuse on mental health. Practitioners will be able to recognise and understand the needs of their clients more effectively; ultimately this will mean their work is more effective and rewarding, and that they understand how their own experiences of abuse may have led them to their work.
4. See earlier for specific benefits to academics.
5. The third sector will benefit through opportunities for collaborations which could result in new ways to analyse their administrative data, in addition to developing new understandings of violence, abuse and mental health which could help multi-agency working.
6. Self-help groups and community groups, working with victims and perpetrators of domestic violence and abuse, will be impacted through similar mechanisms.
7. The policy lab will include members on the DHSC Women's Mental Health Taskforce (Sacks-Jones, CEO AGENDA, named collaborator, is co-Chair with Jackie Doyle-Price MP) e.g. NHSE, which is working on sexual safety and restraint in Mental Health Trusts (relating to Regulation 13 http://www.cqc.org.uk/guidance-providers/regulations-enforcement/regulation-13-safeguarding-service-users-abuse-improper) and PHE. Research of relevance will be fed back to relevant bodies including the Home Office (Violence Against Women and Girls strategy), DHSC, NICE (e.g. NICE PH50), Health Education England, NHS England National Safeguarding Steering Group and Safeguarding Lead Networks, Mental Health Policy Research Unit, and Royal College conferences.
8. Technologists such as software developers, "Internet of Things" manufacturers and engineers will understand how technical systems and platforms can be used in violence and abuse cases and ultimately impact on mental health e.g. cyber-bullying and controlling behaviour in 'smart' and internet-connected homes.
9. The police, HM Prison and Probation service will understand more about the violence and abuse experienced by mentally disordered victims and perpetrators. Furthermore, we will provide opportunities to discuss how criminal justice can better liaise with mental health services, and understand the factors that increase risks of violence, suicide, and re-victimization in those with mental health conditions.

Publications

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Beards S (2020) Threatening Life Events and Difficulties and Psychotic Disorder. in Schizophrenia bulletin

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Beaudry G (2021) Ms. Beaudry et al. Reply. in Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

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Borschmann R (2020) The health of adolescents in detention: a global scoping review in The Lancet Public Health

 
Description Our meetings and events have been attended by over 700 people, providing opportunities for learning, dissemination, and networking. We have over 800 subscribers to our monthly newsletter, which shares latest findings from research and practice and collaboration, funding, and training opportunities, and over 2,000 followers on Twitter. We actively seek out opportunities to expand our membership further. VAMHN members are conducting and publishing important and high-quality research relevant to the network's aims. From the network co-investigator team alone there have been 10 grants awarded and a further two under review, each with two or more members of the network co-investigator team, and through our collaboration with Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology journal we have commissioned original articles and commentaries from our network members. Members engage through a variety of means, including through our programme of network meetings and seminars, with speakers selected to represent the cross-disciplinary and multi-sectoral nature of our network. We are working to set the future research agenda on violence, abuse, and mental health problems. Activities include our collaboration with The Lancet Psychiatry we have brought together a Commission on Intimate Partner Violence and Mental Health, an international and multi-disciplinary team of academics and practitioners to examine evidence and propose recommendations for changes in practice and research that will set the agenda for future work. The Commission is being finalised for peer review and we anticipate publication in late Spring/early Summer. We have also commissioned eight research projects which will address the measurement and definition of violence, abuse, and mental health problems and understanding pathways between violence, abuse, and mental health problems; findings will be shared with network members through network meetings and via peer-reviewed journal articles. We recognise that developing the capacity and competitiveness of junior researchers will be vital in progressing violence, abuse, and mental health research. Accordingly, we target bursary funds, grant-writing workshops, and development seminars to our early career researchers, and strongly encourage the inclusion of early career researchers as co-applicants to our plus funds grant competitions. In the second half of this award, we plan also to work with third sector partners to develop joint PhD funding applications. We are developing resources that will be useful both during and beyond the lifetime of the award. Already developed and launched is our online data resource, which indexes UK datasets that are accessible for secondary analysis and report violence, abuse, and mental health. Over the next two years, we will develop a directory of experts to support new research collaborations, to support non-academic members (including media) to access academic expertise and commentary. Additionally, we will develop a directory of evidence briefings, aiming to clearly communicate the state of the art for non-academic uses. We also work to inform policy and practice, and actively monitor opportunities to feed into consultations and enquiries. Over the last year we have submitted evidence briefings for the Domestic Abuse Bill, the Crown Prosecution Service Consultation on Pre-Trial Therapy, and the Home Office's Violence Against Women and Girls Strategy.
First Year Of Impact 2020
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Policy & public services

 
Description Crown Prosecution Service Public Consultation on Pre-Trial Therapy
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL https://www.cps.gov.uk/consultation/public-consultation-guidance-pre-trial-therapy
 
Description Domestic Abuse Bill - Public Bill Committee Briefing
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm5801/cmpublic/DomesticAbuse/memo/DAB37.pdf
 
Description Evidence for policymakers re. domestic abuse bill
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Home Office Violence Against Women and Girls Strategy
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/consultations/violence-against-women-and-girls-vawg-call-for-evidence/...
 
Description King's Health Partners "Meet the Expert" global, clinical seminar series on "Identification of, and response to, domestic violence and abuse in healthcare settings during the Covid pandemic"
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Maudsley Learning (BRAINCAST) podcast on DVA and mental health
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xl_OF_Kvxnk&feature=youtu.be
 
Description Member of NHS London DVA Clinical Reference Group 2020/21
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Member of SafeLives Advisory Group for project relating to Domestic violence in London - a whole health approach.
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description NHSE/NHSI webinar on domestic abuse and perinatal mental health during Covid with 850 attendees online
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://www.vamhn.co.uk/covid-19-resources.html
 
Description Prof Louise Howard: Advisor for new Covid-19 guidelines on DVA
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL https://oxfordhealthbrc.nihr.ac.uk/our-work/oxppl/domestic-violence-and-abuse/
 
Description Royal College of Psychiatrists Faculty of General Adult Psychiatry Conference on "Domestic violence and abuse and mental health during the Covid pandemic and beyond: implications for general adult psychiatrists" with 436 attendees
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL https://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/events/conferences/faculty-of-general-adult-psychiatry-conference-2020
 
Description Submitted evidence for All-Party Parliamentary Group on A Fit and Healthy Childhood report "The COVID generation: a mental health pandemic in the making" (Fisher)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description IAA Social Science Festival award - Home is not always a safe place - young people's experiences during the pandemic and opportunities for change (Fisher)
Amount £1,000 (GBP)
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2020 
End 11/2020
 
Description Improving national and local responses to identifying and supporting children and young people at risk of violence and abuse in the home during and beyond the COVID-19 pandemic.
Amount £7,500 (GBP)
Organisation King's College London 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2020 
End 12/2020
 
Description Mental health impact of Covid-19-related societal changes on "off-radar" children at risk of violence/abuse at home
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation King's College London 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2020 
End 09/2020
 
Description Study on the economic, social, and human costs of trafficking in human beings within the EU
Amount € 309,836 (EUR)
Funding ID HOME/2018/ISFP/PR/THB/0000 Lot 2 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 05/2019 
End 02/2020
 
Description The needs of domestic violence and abuse service providers in the wake of coronavirus: A scoping study -King's Together Fund
Amount £9,902 (GBP)
Organisation King's College London 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2020 
End 12/2020
 
Description Victimization and domestic violence experienced by mental health services users during the COVID-19 lockdown period: understanding outcomes and their correlates.
Amount £24,873 (GBP)
Organisation United Kingdom Research and Innovation 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2021 
End 09/2022
 
Description Violence, Health and Society
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Organisation Medical Research Council (MRC) 
Department UK PRP
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2020 
End 12/2020
 
Description Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences Special Issue on Sexual Violence and Mental Health 
Organisation Cambridge University Press
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The PI was invited to guest edit a special issue of the journal on the topic of sexual violence and mental health. As guest editor she commissioned two 3,000 word commentaries from leading experts working in this field and authored a 1,500 word editorial to introduce them.
Collaborator Contribution Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences is an international peer-reviewed journal; each issue has a focus on one topic.
Impact All outputs are listed under publications: (1) Oram et al (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S2045796019000106) (2) Sweeney et al (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S2045796019000131) (3) Hughes et al (DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S2045796019000040) Collaboration involves applied health researchers, epidemiologists, and survivor researchers.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Lancet Psychiatry Commission on Intimate Partner Violence and Mental Health 
Organisation The Lancet
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The research's senior leadership team conceptualized the scope of the commission and identified commissioners in partnership with the editor of The Lancet Psychiatry. The research team provided the secretariat to the commission, including through the organisation of travel and accommodation for commissioners to attend two in-person meetings (June 2019 and February 2020). The PI chaired the in-person meetings with the editor of The Lancet Psychiatry and provided guidance and support to commissioners between meetings.
Collaborator Contribution The Lancet Psychiatry has contributed staff time from the editor and deputy editor, access to facilities and equipment (i.e. catering and room hire), and printing. Future contributions will include printing and dissemination of the commission, podcasts and advertising, and additional staff time including for development of online content.
Impact An editorial announcing the Commission was published in July 2019 (Oram et a doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(19)30186-5.l, see publications). The collaboration is multidisciplinary: the team of commissioners brings expertise in child and adolescent psychiatry, forensic psychiatry, psychology, primary care, neuroscience, behavioural science, violence against women research, service user-led research, epidemiology, law, sociology, and journalism.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Prof. Seena Fazel - Post doctoral fellowship supervision of Dr Vishal Bhavsar 
Organisation King's College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Seena Fazel was involved in a study on perpetrators of IPV that was published in PLoS Medicine. This involved a collaboration between Seena Fazel and network co-lead Louise Howard that arose from the network. Seena was subsequently invited to co-supervise a post-doc fellowship application for network member Dr Vishal Bhavsar (King's College London) which is ongoing.
Collaborator Contribution Dr Vishal Bhavsar (King's College London) is applying to a post-doctoral fellowship with the supervision of Prof. Seena Fazel.
Impact Initial collaboration between Seena Fazel and Louise Howard: Mental disorders and intimate partner violence perpetrated by men towards women: A Swedish population-based longitudinal study. Yu R, Nevado-Holgado AJ, Molero Y, D'Onofrio BM, Larsson H, et al. (2019) Mental disorders and intimate partner violence perpetrated by men towards women: A Swedish population-based longitudinal study. PLOS Medicine 16(12): e1002995. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002995 Post-doctoral fellowship application by Vishal Bhavsar and supervised by Seena Fazel is currently in process. Vishal Bhavsar is a consultant psychiatrist and epidemiological researcher in women's mental health. Seena Fazel is a Professor of Forensic Psychiatry.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Prof. Seena Fazel - Post doctoral fellowship supervision of Dr Vishal Bhavsar 
Organisation University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Seena Fazel was involved in a study on perpetrators of IPV that was published in PLoS Medicine. This involved a collaboration between Seena Fazel and network co-lead Louise Howard that arose from the network. Seena was subsequently invited to co-supervise a post-doc fellowship application for network member Dr Vishal Bhavsar (King's College London) which is ongoing.
Collaborator Contribution Dr Vishal Bhavsar (King's College London) is applying to a post-doctoral fellowship with the supervision of Prof. Seena Fazel.
Impact Initial collaboration between Seena Fazel and Louise Howard: Mental disorders and intimate partner violence perpetrated by men towards women: A Swedish population-based longitudinal study. Yu R, Nevado-Holgado AJ, Molero Y, D'Onofrio BM, Larsson H, et al. (2019) Mental disorders and intimate partner violence perpetrated by men towards women: A Swedish population-based longitudinal study. PLOS Medicine 16(12): e1002995. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002995 Post-doctoral fellowship application by Vishal Bhavsar and supervised by Seena Fazel is currently in process. Vishal Bhavsar is a consultant psychiatrist and epidemiological researcher in women's mental health. Seena Fazel is a Professor of Forensic Psychiatry.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Supporting survivor involvement 
Organisation McPin Foundation
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The research team provided support to conceptualize, design, and conduct the survivor research consultation; and invited McPin Foundation to be represented at The Lancet Psychiatry Commission on Intimate Partner Violence and Mental Health and to speak at network events.
Collaborator Contribution McPin Foundation led the survivor research consultation (detailed below) including through the design, piloting, and promotion of an online survey; organizing two survivor workshops; analyzing findings; leading write up of findings; and supporting dissemination. McPin Foundation additionally support the network through attendance at and participation in network activities and events and supporting dissemination.
Impact (1) The collaboration has resulted in a consultation exercise to identify priority issues and potential research questions from survivor perspectives, led by the McPin Foundation, a member of the grant-holder team (Dr Angela Sweeney), and an independent researcher affiliated with Survivors Voices, a national peer-led organisation run by and for adult survivors of abuse. The aim of the consultation was to develop a list of priority research topics and potential research questions on the topic of violence, abuse and mental health from the perspective of survivors. The consultation involved collecting information from an open survey and workshops with survivors, followed by the assimilation of findings from both sources into a set of research themes and question. The consultation report was launched and made publicly available in June 2019 (https://www.vamhn.co.uk/uploads/1/2/2/7/122741688/consultation_report_on_website.pdf). It has been disseminated electronically and in hard copy via the research network and its findings used to inform network activities, including its annual grant competitions. (2) McPin Foundation contribute to network activities and events, including through The Lancet Psychiatry Commission on Intimate Partner Violence and Mental Health.
Start Year 2018
 
Description UKRI Grant on Victimization and domestic violence experienced by mental health services users during the COVID-19 lockdown period: understanding outcomes and their correlates 
Organisation Women's Aid
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution This grant builds on the development work funded by the NIHR Research Professorship to develop a natural language processing application to identify domestic abuse in electronic health records. We are now planning to use this NLP app to examine the impact of Covid-19. This is therefore a collaboration between the NIHR BRC informatics team and Women's Aid and myself.
Collaborator Contribution Women's Aid are helping with development of the protocol and dissemination of results.
Impact N/A
Start Year 2020
 
Description 1st Measurement Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Workshop hosted by VAMHN co investigator Prof. Sylvia Walby at City University. Approximately 45 invited stakeholders attended in order to facilitate a dialogue between NGOs, researchers, policymakers, funders and publishers regarding the development of a shared measurement framework. The day included presentations, panel discussions and marked the launch of the VAMHN's first small grant competition on the theme of measurement.

Main outcomes/outputs/impact: new connections made, channels of ongoing discussion opened across sectors, small grant competition launched to stimulate new research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 1st Network Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 1st network meeting attended by approximately 50 network members. The event included talks from Dan Robotham (McPin Foundation), Suzanne Jacob, Emma Vallis and Shanti Rao (SafeLives), Sarah Hughes (StandingTogether) and Khatidja Chantler, Solveig Vatnar and Nicky Stanley (Domestic Homicide International Research Group). The event also included roundtable discussion sessions and opportunities for networking.

Main outcomes/outputs/impact: new cross-sector connections made, new research shared, Mental Elf live tweeting and podcasts shared online, results of roundtable discussion used to influence network's aims and activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.vamhn.co.uk/news/first-network-meeting-podcasts
 
Description 2nd Measurement Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Measurement workshop hosted by VAMHN co investigator Dr Emma Howarth. The event involved preliminary work to support the development of a core outcome set to assist in the monitoring and evaluation of family and child focused targeted interventions. Key stakeholders were invited included healthcare practitioners, academics, members of the third sector and people with lived experience of violence, abuse and mental health problems.

Main outcomes/outputs/impact: new connections made, contribution to core outcome set publication - expected in 2020/21.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 2nd Network Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 2nd Network Meeting hosted at the Institute of Mental Health in Nottingham. The day included presentations from Concetta Perot, Prof. Vanessa Munro, Dr Parveen Ali and Dr Julie McGarry. The event also included roundtable discussions and opportunities for networking.

Main outcomes/outputs/impact: new connections made, Theory of Change output for the network planned as a result of roundtable discussions - impact on research an policy, podcasts and live tweeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.vamhn.co.uk/news/second-network-meeting-071019
 
Description 3rd Network Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact We have previously held network meetings every six months, providing an opportunity to share and receive feedback on network strategy and activity, as well as providing opportunities to network and share resources. Our March 2020 meeting was cancelled, due to COVID-19. This meeting was held online, and involved the launch of the VAMHN data directory, discussion around the VAMHN small grant competition on the theme of understanding as well as a keynote speech from Prof. Rachel Jewkes (Sexual Violence Research Initiative, and the South African Medical Research Council). Additionally, we hosted two networking sessions designed to allow members of the network to connect with other people who work in different sectors and disciplines.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.vamhn.co.uk/fourth-vamhn-network-meeting.html
 
Description 4th Network Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This meeting was attended by 97 network members from the academic, healthcare and third sector and people with lived experience of violence, abuse and mental health problems. At this meeting we launched our third VAMHN grant call on the theme of interventions for violence, abuse and mental health. We welcomed a keynote speech from Dr Emma Howarth (University of East London) and launched the Safe, Seen, Supported report and infographic with co-authors Jane Chevous and Laura Fischer. We also hosted networking breakout sessions and discussed our upcoming plans for expert and network directories with VAMHN grantholder Dr Jude Towers. The meeting was recorded and will be uploaded to the VAMHN website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description CPS Consultation Response to Guidance on Pre-Trial Therapy 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This call brought together therapists, psychiatrists, psychologists, members of the third sector and academics from the network to coordinate a response to the CPS pre-trial therapy guidance consultation. The response will be written up and submitted by the 30th October and we aim to make the output public on the VAMHN website to share with our members.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Children and Domestic Abuse Webinar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This webinar was the third in our series of online events on the theme of understanding violence, abuse, and mental health, and focused on Children and Domestic Abuse: Identifying and Responding to Harm. The webinar was hosted by VAMHN grant holder Dr Emma Howarth (University of East London). We welcomed three speakers; Prof. Helen Minnis (University of Glasgow), Dr Leesa Hooker (La Trobe University) and Concetta Perot (Survivors' Voices & King's College London). The event was live tweeted and the webinar recording and other resources were shared on the VAMHN website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.vamhn.co.uk/children-and-domestic-abuse.html
 
Description ESRC Festival of Social Science event on "Home is not always a safe place" (Fisher & Fully Focused Productions) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dr Fisher collaborated with Fully Focused Productions (https://www.fullyfocusedproductions.com/), to host an Instagram survey and online event to open up the conversation with young people to hear about their experiences of feeling 'unsafe' at home during the pandemic, what they've found has helped them to cope/feel more safe, and learn about what they think are the best ways to support young people to survive and thrive during these more socially restricted times. https://festivalofsocialscience.com/events/home-is-not-always-a-safe-place-a-young-peopleas-experiences-during-the-pandemic-and-opportunities-for-change/ A report was published on the UKRI VAMHN webiste and circulated widely on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.vamhn.co.uk/uploads/1/2/2/7/122741688/fear_at_home_report_final.pdf
 
Description ESRC Festival of Social Sciences: Resilience to Transformation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Workshop on "Resilience to transformation: improving the response to violence against women and its impact on mental health" hosted by Dr Helen Adams. The event looked at concepts of resilience and transformation from a geographical and psychological perspective. The event was held as part of the ESRC Festival of Social Sciences.

Main outcomes/outputs/impact: Podcasts and live tweeting from the mental elf, new connections made, collaborative publication planned from Helen Adams, Nadia Mantovani and Collette Hirsch who met at the workshop - impact on research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Early Career Researcher Grant Writing Workshops 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact These virtual workshops support junior researchers working in the field of domestic/sexual violence and mental health to prepare competitive funding applications for research and fellowships. The workshops are facilitated by two senior members of VAMHN (Dr Helen Fisher and Prof. Louise Howard) and provide a supportive environment for ECRs to receive constructive feedback on their grant applications. The workshops take place online via Zoom every two months over a year. Three proposals are discussed at each workshop. All participating ECRs are required to provide a draft proposal to the group at least a week before their allocated workshop, which all other group members read in advance and provide feedback on during the session. ECRs present in rotation, so that all members have feedback on their proposals over the course of the workshops.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description How do sexual assault services identify and treat mental health and substance misuse problems? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Mental Elf blog written by network coordinator Anjuli Kaul evaluating the paper 'The identification and treatment of mental health and substance misuse problems in sexual assault services: A systematic review.' by Stefanidou (2020). Mental Elf blogs reach hundreds of researchers and practitioners and have significant impact on the uptake and readership of a scientific paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.nationalelfservice.net/mental-health/substance-misuse/sexual-assault-services-mental-hea...
 
Description How to engage with the media: Early Career Researcher Lunchtime Seminar Series 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact On the 27th January 2021 the network hosted the first webinar in our Early Career Researcher (ECR) Lunchtime Seminar Series. This webinar was on "How to engage with the media" and was directed at Early Career Researchers. Speakers included; Stephen Khan (Executive Editor of The Conversation), Mark Brown (Development Director of Social Spider CIC), Freya Robb (Press Officer Science Media Centre), Kirsty Walker (Director of UCL Media Relations) and Shiroma Silva (Senior Shooting Director and Senior Producer at BBC). This webinar was hosted by VAMHN Co-investigator Dr Leonie Tanczer (UCL). The webinar recording and additional resources have been uploaded to the VAMHN website and the event was live tweeted.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.vamhn.co.uk/how-to-engage-with-the-media.html
 
Description International Violence, Abuse and Mental Health Network Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Inaugural meeting of the International Violence, Abuse and Mental Health Network created by network member Dr Roxanne Keynejad (King's College London) who obtained seed funding to bring international early career researchers together to present their work. Research was presented from India, Ethiopia, Somaliland and Uganda.

Main outcomes/outputs/impact: new international connections made
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Lancet Psychiatry Commission Preliminary Meetings: Intimate Partner Violence and Mental Health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Two meetings which bought together approximately 25 international experts for preliminary work on a planned publication with the Lancet Psychiatry on 'Intimate Partner Violence and Mental Health'. The publication aims to establish a roadmap for future work across mental health research, services, and policy. The publication is expected by November 2020.

Main outcomes/outputs/impact: Influence on Policy, Practice, Patients & the Public, new international connections made.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2215036619301865?via%3Dihub
 
Description Lancet Psychiatry Commission Preliminary Meetings: Intimate Partner Violence and Mental Health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Additional two meetings which bought together approximately 25 international experts for preliminary work on a planned publication with the Lancet Psychiatry on 'Intimate Partner Violence and Mental Health'. The meetings took place from the 11th-12th February 2020. The publication aims to establish a roadmap for future work across mental health research, services, and policy. The publication is expected in the summer of 2021. Main outcomes/outputs/impact: Influence on Policy, Practice, Patients & the Public, new international connections made.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2215036619301865?via%3Dihub
 
Description Launch Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact <100 people attended from different areas including third sector, policy and academia to celebrate the launch of the UKRI Violence, Abuse and Mental Health Network. The day included presentations from 5 key network partners; Kate Lovett, Wendy Burn, Felicity Callard, Donna Covey and Louise Arseneault. The event also included opportunities for networking.

Main outcomes/outputs/impact: influence research and policy through subsequent activities of the network
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description McPin Survivor Research Priorities Consultation Workshops 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Patients, carers and/or patient groups
Results and Impact Two workshops conducted with people with lived experience of violence, abuse and/or mental health problems in order to gain insight into what their research priorities are as survivors. One workshop was held in London and the other in Birmingham, and both were hosted by Dan Robotham (McPin), Concetta Perot (Survivors' Voices, King's College London, Independent Researcher) and Angela Sweeney (St George's University of London). The workshops acted as preliminary work to create the 'VAMHN Survivors' priority themes and questions for research consultation report' which aims to inform the activities of the network.

Main outcomes/outputs/impact: to influence research in the area of violence, abuse and mental health in a way that reflects the views and needs of survivors, to create the VAMHN consultation report to guide the activities of the network in a way that reflects the views and needs of survivors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.vamhn.co.uk/uploads/1/2/2/7/122741688/consultation_report_on_website.pdf
 
Description Mental Elf Blog: 'Mental disorders and intimate partner violence perpetrated by men towards women' by Anna Sri 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Mental Elf blog written by network member Anna Sri evaluating the paper 'Mental disorders and intimate partner violence perpetrated by men towards women: A Swedish population-based longitudinal study' by Yu et al (2019). The publication of the Yu et al (2019) paper was facilitated by the VAMHN and includes L. Howard (VAMHN co-lead) and S. Fazel (VAMHN grantholder) as co authors. Mental Elf blogs reach hundreds of researchers and practitioners and have significant impact on the uptake and readership of a scientific paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.nationalelfservice.net/mental-health/substance-misuse/mental-disorders-and-intimate-part...
 
Description Mental Elf Blog: 'Mental health policy: are the "facts" based on "evidence"?' by Anjuli Kaul 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Mental Elf blog written by network coordinator Anjuli Kaul evaluating the paper ' The accuracy and accessibility of cited evidence: a study examining mental health policy documents.' by Hui et al (2019). Mental Elf blogs reach hundreds of researchers and practitioners and have significant impact on the uptake and readership of a scientific paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.nationalelfservice.net/publication-types/policy/mental-health-policy-are-the-facts-based...
 
Description Newsletters 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Monthly newsletters disseminated to VAMHN mailing list since December 2018. The newsletters contain relevant information about resources, events and collaboration opportunities facilitated by the network and externally. As of Jan 2020 the newsletter has directly been mailed to 562 people.

Main outcomes/outputs/impact: new connections made, new collaborations for grant applications made, research publications and organisations spotlighted.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019,2020
URL https://www.vamhn.co.uk/newsletter.html
 
Description Policy Lab Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Policy lab workshop on the subject of "what is needed for a Trauma Informed Approach to be effectively implemented across all relevant public service settings?" The workshop synthesised the perspectives of key stakeholders on the implementation of Trauma Informed Approaches in policy. The main aim of the workshop was to identify key recommendations for policymakers and collate in the form of a briefing note to be disseminated widely. A briefing pack on trauma informed approaches was provided to attendees in advance of the workshop and published on the VAMHN website.

Main outcomes/outputs/impact: impact on policy through the subsequent development of a policy briefing note, new connections made, increased profile of the network in policy, increased awareness of trauma informed approaches through online distribution of the briefing pack
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.vamhn.co.uk/uploads/1/2/2/7/122741688/vamhn_policy_lab_briefing_pack_website.pdf
 
Description Understanding Violence, Abuse and Mental Health Webinar 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact VAMHN network activities are themed by year; year two activities are themed around understanding violence, abuse, and mental health. This was the first of our theme 2 events, held online for the first time due to COVID-19. The webinar was on the topic of understanding violence, abuse, and mental health in the time of COVID-19. Speakers included Prof. Joanna Bourke (Professor of History, Birkbeck, University of London), Nicole Jacobs (Domestic Abuse Commissioner for England and Wales), Akiko Hart (CEO, National Survivor User Network) and Laura Fischer (artist, activist and researcher). The event was live tweeted and the webinar recording, and other resources, shared on the VAMHN website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.vamhn.co.uk/understanding-violence-abuse-and-mental-health.html
 
Description Violence Against Women and Girls, Intersectionality and COVID-19 Webinar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact This webinar formed the second of our online event series on understanding violence, abuse, and mental health, and addressed the disproportionate impact and consequences of violence against women and girls among minoritised women, including Black women and disabled women. The event was hosted by network co-investigator Dr Ravi Thiara. Speakers included Sumanta Roy (Head of Research, Imkaan), Eleanor Lisney (Sisters of Frida), Dr Akima Thomas (Clinical Director, Women and Girls Network) and Dr Ravi Thiara (University of Warwick). The event was live tweeted and the webinar recording, and other resources, were shared on the VAMHN website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.vamhn.co.uk/violence-against-women-and-girls-intersectionality-and-covid-19.html