Inequalities in later life frailty and wellbeing: an interdisciplinary approach to causality

Lead Research Organisation: University of Manchester
Department Name: Social Sciences

Abstract

The challenges posed by the ageing of populations have been repeatedly documented, with recognition of the need to minimise dependency and to maximise social engagement and wellbeing. The proposed research is concerned with examining causal processes relating to frailty and wellbeing (both broadly defined) at older ages, including factors operating across and at particular points of the life-course, socioeconomic inequalities, genetic, metabolic, psychological and social processes, and resilience and vulnerability. It will use an interdisciplinary approach, bringing together innovative methods and leading academics from across the biological, clinical and social sciences. The approach will also be comparative, using similarities and differences across nations in demographic, social, economic and policy circumstances to get a clearer understanding of policy influences. The work plan will ensure that the full range of users (older people, lay carers, practitioners, professionals, academics, Government and NGOs) are engaged in influencing the conduct of the research and the communication and application of findings.

The study will make use of data provided by the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), sister studies in the US and mainland Europe, and a similar study in Canada. ELSA is a multidisciplinary study involving repeat surveys with a representative sample of people aged 50 and older, giving six sets of interview data (each two years apart), three sets of biological data (collected four years apart) and a detailed life-history interview collected using robust methods. A wide range of data are available, including: stored DNA and serum suitable for additional genetic, metabolic and biomarker analysis; already analysed biomarkers; direct assessments of cognitive and physical function; and a range of self-reports covering demographics, economics, health, participation in social, civic and cultural activities, and social networks. Such data are unique in containing a breadth and depth of topics across disciplines, repeated measurement over time, and detailed life-histories. This allows the integration of different disciplinary approaches to provide unique analyses that will greatly enhance our understanding of the causes of positive and negative outcomes at older ages, and how these are distributed across the population. Our power to do this will be maximised by examining the influence of national context.

These data will be used to develop measures of frailty and wellbeing, model life-course trajectories, including later life events, examine relationships with socioeconomic position, examine genetic influences and their relationship with markers of metabolic processes, gene-environment interactions, and identify resilience and vulnerability to adverse events.

Technical Summary

The challenges posed by the ageing of populations have been repeatedly documented, with recognition of the need to minimise dependency and to maximise social engagement and wellbeing. The proposed research is concerned with examining causal processes relating to frailty and wellbeing (both broadly defined) at older ages. It will use an interdisciplinary approach, bringing together key findings and innovative methods from across disciplines, will be comparative, using similarities and differences across national contexts to get a clearer understanding of policy influences, and will engage a full range of users in the conduct and dissemination of the research.

Core data sources will be the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), sister studies in the US and mainland Europe, and a similar study in Canada. ELSA is a multidisciplinary study involving repeat surveys with a representative sample of people aged 50 and older, giving six sets of interview data (each two years apart), three sets of biological data (collected four years apart) and a detailed life-history interview. Data coverage includes: stored DNA and serum suitable for additional genetic, metabolic and biomarker analysis; already analysed biomarkers; direct assessments of cognitive and physical function; direct assessments of physical health; and a range of self-reports covering demographics, economics, health, participation in social, civic and cultural activities, and social networks. These data will be used to: develop measures of frailty and wellbeing; model life-course trajectories; examine the influences of genetics, socioeconomic position, social factors, and gene-environment interactions; explore the relationship of these factors with markers of metabolic processes; and identify factors relating to resilience and vulnerability to adverse events.

Key hypotheses to be tested cover: the relationships between life-course trajectories, later life socioeconomic position and frailty and wellbeing; that socioeconomic effects will operate through the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis connected to processes relating to anabolic function and inflammation; that resilience and vulnerability can be identified and will result from environmental factors, genes, and gene-environment interactions; and that a detailed study of gene-metabolite-phenotypic interfaces will lead to the discovery of novel pathways to frailty and wellbeing. Traditional statistical approaches will be supplemented with innovative methods to handle missing data (selection models; pattern mixture models; shared parameter models; sensitivity analysis), longitudinal data (multilevel multistate competing risks models; growth mixture and structural equation modelling of trajectories; sequence analysis and optimal matching) and data from different national contexts (Integrative Data Analysis; latent variable approaches; and anchoring vignettes).

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Max Planck Demography Institute, Rostock, Germany 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Nazroo J. (2012) 'Health inequalities in later life: An examination of the enduring significance of class', Max Planck Demography Institute, Rostock, Germany

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description 11th Global Conference on Ageing, Prague, Czech Republic. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Nazroo, J., Jivraj, S., Chandola, T. and Vanhoutte, B. (2012) 'Age, wellbeing and inequality: Evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', International Federation on Ageing, 11th Global Conference on Ageing, Prague, Czech Republic.

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description 20th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Seoul, Korea 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Vanhoutte, B. and Nazroo, J. (2013) 'Measuring subjective well-being in later life: An international comparison', 20th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Seoul, Korea

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 20th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Seoul, Korea 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Whillans, J. and Nazroo, J. (2013) 'A typology of trajectories of visual impairment in older people in the UK', 20th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Seoul, Korea

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 20th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Seoul, Korea 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Jivraj, S. and Nazroo, J. (2013) 'Determinants of inequalities in wellbeing in later life in the UK and US', 20th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Seoul, Korea

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 20th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Seoul, Korea 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Marshall, A., Feeney, K., Lee, J. and Nazroo, J. (2013) 'Inequalities in access to healthcare in the US and England', 20th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Seoul, Korea

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description 68th Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 18-22, November 2015, Orlando, Fl, USA
Oral presentation:
Estimating the Proportion of Phenotypic Variance in Frailty Explained by Common Genetic Variants in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
Mekli, Tampubolon, Nazroo, Marshall, Pendleton
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Aging and Society Annual Conference, Manchester Conference Centre, Manchester, 7-8 November 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given:
Nazroo, J. (2014) 'Ethnic/racial inequalities in later life: What can we learn from the UK?', Plenary for Aging and Society Annual Conference, Manchester Conference Centre, Manchester

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Annual British Sociological Association conference, Leeds, 23-25April 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given:
Nazroo, J. (2014) 'Class, retirement and inequality in later life', Ageing and lifecourse stream plenary,

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Annual lecture for the Centre for Health and Wellbeing in Public Policy, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, 7 May 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given:
Nazroo, J. (2014) 'Age, wellbeing and inequality: Evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Annual lecture for the Centre for Health and Wellbeing in Public Policy, University of Sheffield, Sheffield


Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description BSG conference-Oxford 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact British Society of Gerontology (BSG) annual conference, Oxford, UK, 11-13 September 2013.
Presentation given on Wednesday,11 September
"Measuring frailty: a comparison of the frailty phenotype and frailty index for the prediction of all-cause mortality" (Alan Marshall)
"Frailty and subjective wellbeing: a dual process of ageing" (Bram Vanhoutte)
"Genetics of Frailty: Examination of Candidate Genes Related to Cortisol and Inflammation Pathways" (James Nazroo)
A candidate gene approach to understanding the pathways associated with the frailty phenotype in a population sample of older adults from England (ELSA) (Mekli, Marshall, Pendleton, Nazroo).

Research team (Alan Marshall, Bram Vanoutte, Kris Mekli and Neil Pendleton) were able to present the latest findings of their work and discuss this with academics working in a similar field.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Blog written on pensions work 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Alan Marshall and James Nazroo were asked to write a blog on their pensions work with John Read by the International Longevity Centre:
http://blog.ilcuk.org.uk/2014/09/16/guest-blog-alan-marshall-james-nazroo-and-john-read-what-pensions-crisis/




enabled engagement with academics and members of the public on their research work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description British Geriatric Society (BGS), Manchester, UK, 23-25 April 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact presentation given:
Vanhoutte, B., Nazroo, J., & Marshall, A. (2014) Can Frail Elderly People Be Happy? An Investigation of the Relation Between Frailty and Subjective Wellbeing

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description British Geriatric Society (BGS), Manchester, UK, 23-25 April 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given:
Vanhoutte, B., Nazroo, J., & Marshall, A. (2014) Can Frail Elderly People Be Happy? An Investigation of the Relation Between Frailty and Subjective Wellbeing

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description British Geriatric Society (BGS), Manchester, UK, 23-25 April 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation given:
Genetic components of frailty (Mekli, Marshall, Nazroo, Pendleton).

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description British Geriatrics Conference. Manchesterm March 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given by Alan Marshall: Does the level of inequality within a neighbourhood influence the prevalence of depression in older people?

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description British Society of Population Studies. Nottingham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact British Society of Population Studies. Nottingham. Alan Marshall presented "Social and spatial inequalities in the impact of retirement on health in the United Kingdom" September 10th-12th 2012

This was an opportunity to present research and network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description British and Irish Longitudinal Studies of Ageing Meeting, Dublin, Ie, 31 Oct-1 Nov 2013. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation on ideas:
Vanhoutte, B., Nazroo, J. & Marshall, A. (2013) A sceptic's approach to frailty

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description British and Irish Longitudinal Studies of Ageing Meeting, Dublin, Ireland, 31Oct-1 Nov 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Kris Meklo presented: Genetic approaches to understanding pathways associated with frailty.

Opportunity for team to discuss research and collaborate with others.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Canadian Association on Gerontology Conference. Vancouver 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Canadian Association on Gerontology Conference. Vancouver, October 18th-20th 2012
Alan Marshall gave two presentations:
"Inequalities in the impact of retirement on health in the United Kingdom" and
"Does the level of inequality in an area influence the health of older people?"

This was an opportunity to present research and network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Centre for longitudinal studies, Institute of Education, London, UK, 23 April 2014. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given:
Vanhoutte, B., Nazroo, J., Jivraj, S. & Marshall, A. (2014) Trajectories of depressive symptoms in the US and England

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Day of Sociology, Antwerp, Belgium, 28 May 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact presentation given:
Vanhoutte, B., Nazroo, J., Jivraj, S. & Marshall, A. (2014) Trajectories of depressive symptoms in the US and England

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description ELSA Wave 5 Launch Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact ELSA Wave 5 Launch Conference, London, UK, 15 October 2012.
Vanhoutte, B. (2012). "Depression in the US and England"

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description European Sociological Association (ESA) conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact European Sociological Association (ESA) conference, Torino, Italy, 28-31 August 2013.
Vanhoutte, B., Nazroo, J., & Marshall, A. (2013) "Life course pathways to later life well-being."

Opportunity to present research and network with other academics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Gerontological Society of America (GSA), New Orleans, USA, 20-24 November 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation given
Vanhoutte, B., Nazroo, J., & Marshall, A. (2013) Can Frail Elderly People Be Happy? An Investigation of the Relation Between Frailty and Subjective Wellbeing

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Gerontological Society of America (GSA), New Orleans, USA, 20-24 November 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given:
Genetics of Frailty: Examination of Candidate Genes Related to Cortisol and Inflammation Pathways (Mekli, Pendleton, Nazroo)

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Gerontological Society of America (GSA), New Orleans, USA, 20-24 November 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact various talks given by fRaill team including Alan Marshall:
"Socio-economic and gender inequalities in frailty: findings from a growth modelling approach". November 2013.
"A comparison of hypertension health care outcomes in the USA and England". November 2013.
"Measuring frailty: a comparison of the frailty phenotype and frailty index for the prediction of all-cause mortality". November 2013.


Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Graduate School of Public Health, Korea University, Seoul, Korea 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Nazroo, J. (2013) 'Health inequalities in later life', Graduate School of Public Health, Korea University, Seoul, Korea

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Group for Education in Museums Annual Conference, University of Leeds, Leeds 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Nazroo, J. (2013) 'The relationship between volunteering and well-being in later life: patterns and determinants', Keynote Address, Group for Education in Museums Annual Conference, University of Leeds, Leeds

Opportunity to present research findings and to address people working in the museum sector.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Health Services Journal Summit 2014, Runnymede, UK 12th November 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Neil Pendleton was an invited speaker on understanding data opportunities in providing health care in frailty

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description ICLS seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact ICLS seminar, UCL, London, UK, 14 November 2012.
Vanhoutte, B., Jivraj, S., Nazroo, J., Chandola, T., (2012). "Age, Ageing and Wellbeing"

Opportunity to present research and network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Institute and Faculty of Actuaries, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talks to user groups
Nazroo, J. (2013) 'Cohort, socioeconomic and gender inequalities in trajectories of frailty', Institute and Faculty of Actuaries, London

Talks to user groups.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics Congress. Seoul 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics Congress. Seoul June 2013
Alan Marshall "A comparison of hypertension health care outcomes in the USA and England".

This was an opportunity to present research and network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description International Conference on Frailty and Sarcopenia Research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Oral presentation:
Genome-wide association analysis of frailty measures in two representative cohorts in the US and the UK
Mekli, Nazroo, Marshall, Stevens, Lee, Phillips, Prescott, Pendleton
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description International Conference on Urban Health. Manchester, March 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given by Alan Marshall: Does the level of inequality within a neighbourhood influence the prevalence of depression in older people?

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description International Society for Quality of Life Studies Conference. Venice 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact International Society for Quality of Life Studies Conference. Venice. Alan Marshall presentation "Does the level of wealth inequality in an area influence risk of depression amongst older people?" November 1st-4th 2012

This was an opportunity to present research and network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description International Sociological Association annual conference, Yokohama, Japan, 13-19 July 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given:
Nazroo, J., Marshall, A., Tampubolon, G. and Vanhoutte, B. (2014) 'Cohort, Gender and Socioeconomic Inequalities in Trajectories of Frailty'

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description International Sociological Association annual conference, Yokohama, Japan, 13-19 July 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given:
McGovern, P. and Nazroo, J. (2014) 'An unequal world: class, leisure and health outcomes in older people'

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description International Sociological Association, Yokohama, Japan, 13-19 July (2014) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact gave presentation:
Vanhoutte, B., Nazroo, J. & Marshall, A. (2014) The influence of life course trajectories on wellbeing in England and the US

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Invited talk - Multicultural belonging, nationalism and diversity in Wales 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Invitation to speak at a workshop funded by the AHRC and organised by the University of Newcastle
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Lifelong Health and Wellbeing Conference. University College London, NOvember 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presenation given by Alan Marshall: Measuring Frailty: A Comparison of Fried's frailty Phenotype and Rockwood's Frailty Index using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA)

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Lifelong Health and Wellbeing Conference. University College London, November 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given by Alan Marshall: Does the level of wealth inequality within an area influence the prevalence of depression amongst older people?


Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description MICRA public seminar: 'What Pensions Crisis' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact presentation given by Alan Marshall:
A demographic perspective on population ageing and its implications for pension sustainability
More details can be found: http://www.micra.manchester.ac.uk/events/archive/2014/what-pensions-crisis-seminar/
A demographic perspective on population ageing and its implications for pension sustainability.


engaging with public, policy makers and practitioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description MRC Late Life Health and Wellbeing initiative conference November 2013 London, Crucible Centre, UCL UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Neil Pendleton was an Invited speaker on cognitive and emotional health in older adults providing evidence for genetic contribution

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Max Planck Demography Institute, Rostock, Germany 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Nazroo J. (2012) 'Interdisciplinarity in Ageing Research', Max Planck Demography Institute, Rostock, Germany

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Paper discussed in Pacific Standard Magazine. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact The paper on Neighbourhood inequality and depression was discussed in Pacific Standard magazine:
http://www.psmag.com/navigation/health-and-behavior/ongoing-mental-health-benefits-neighborhood-diversity-85026/


Work of the group featured within the media
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Paper presented at conference - Metabolomics July 1, 2015 - Nik Rattray 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Paper described the metabolomics aspects of the fRaill project and highlighted dysregulation of energy metabolism across the frailty index.Paper by Nik Rattray: http://metabolomics2015.org/index.php/program/oral-presentations-detail/47-wednesday-oral-presentations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2015
URL http://metabolomics2015.org/index.php/program/oral-presentations-detail/47-wednesday-oral-presentati...
 
Description Public Lecture, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Nazroo, J. (2013) 'Age, wellbeing and inequality: Evidence for the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing', Public Lecture, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

Public lecture given in order to demonstrate research undertaken at the UOM and by the fRaill team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Royal Statistical Society conference. Newcastle 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Royal Statistical Society conference. Newcastle
Alan Marshall presented "Dealing with non-response in longitudinal analysis of trajectories of frailties and wellbeing in older people". September 2013.

This was an opportunity to present research and network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Society for Longitudinal Studies Conference, Lausanne, 9-11 October. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Gave presentation:
Vanhoutte, B., Nazroo, J. & Marshall, A. (2014) Convergence or divergence of wellbeing in later life ? The consequences of cumulative (dis)advantage in England.

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies. Lausanne. 9-11 October 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given:
Pakpahan, E. and Tampubolon, G. (2014). 'Consistencies of older people's responses on their childhood circumstances: The case of European SHARELIFE.'

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies. Lausanne. 9-11 October 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation given:
Tampubolon, G. (2014). 'The long arm of childhood condition in England: gait speed, episodic memory, and depression.'

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2014
 
Description Society of Longitudinal and Lifecourse Studies. Amsterdam 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Society of Longitudinal and Lifecourse Studies. Amsterdam
Alan Marshall presented "Socio-economic and gender inequalities in frailty: findings from a growth modelling approach". September 2013.

This was an opportunity to present research and network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Southway Housing Community Group, Withington, Manchester 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Nazroo, J. (2012) 'Health inequalities in later life', Southway Housing Community Group, Withington, Manchester
Nazroo, J. (2012) 'The Impact of Volunteering on Wellbeing in Later Life', Southway Housing Community Group, Withington, Manchester


Opportunity to engage with the local community on research findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Symposium: paid work beyond retirement in international perspective, University of Bremen, Germany 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Nazroo, J. and Matthews, K. (2013) 'Later life work, health and wellbeing: Enduring inequalities', Symposium: paid work beyond retirement in international perspective, University of Bremen, Germany

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) Annual Scientific Meeting November 5-9, 2014 (Washington D.C. , USA) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presented paper:


Vanhoutte, B & Nazroo, J. (2014) The social dimension of time-use and its effects on subjective wellbeing in later life in England. Gerontological Society of America (GSA)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) Annual Scientific Meeting November 5-9, 2014 (Washington D.C. , USA) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact presented paper
Vanhoutte, B, Nazroo, J., Marshall A. (2014) Trajectories of depressive symptoms in the US and England, Gerontological Society of America

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Nazroo, J. (2012) 'Tackling inequalities in health: some reflections', Where Next for Health inequalities Research?, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh


Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Wellbeing symposium. Manchester, June 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Alan Marshall invited presentation. Wellbeing in later life: do national and local contexts matter. June 2014.

opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Seoul, Korea 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Mekli, K., Nazroo, J. and Pendleton, N. (2013) 'A candidate gene approach to understanding the pathways associated with the Frailty Phenotype in a population sample of older adults from England (ELSA)', 20th IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Seoul, Korea

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description XI International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact XI International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies Conference, Venice, Italy, 1-4 November 2012
Vanhoutte, B. & Mekli, K. (2012). "Frailty and wellbeing in later life"

Opportunity to present research and network with other academics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description XI International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact XI International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies Conference, Venice, Italy, 1-4 November 2012.
Vanhoutte, B. (2012). "The structure of well-being in later life in the US and England"

Opportunity to present research findings and to network with other academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description XXIIIrd World Congress of Psychiatric Genetics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 16-20 October 2015 Toronto Canada
Poster presentation:
Genome-wide association analysis of depressive symptomatology in two representative cohorts in the United States and United Kingdom
Mekli, Nazroo, Lee, Prescott, Phillips, Arpawong, Stevens, Pendleton
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description collaboration activities/work with Dr Hadewijch Vandenheede (Lecturer in Demography, Vrije Universiteit Brussel) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Hadewijch's visit involved a meeting with the Health Inequalities Research group and the fRaill project team as well as with individual members of staff. Hadewijch gave a seminar within the CCSR seminar series

Collaborative work with International leads in the field of ageing good for the project and its development
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description collaboration activities/work with Michael Plank (Senior Lecturer at the University of Canterbury) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact This visit by Michael Plank involved collaboration on a paper

paper on agent based modelling (now available on the working paper series: http://www.cmist.manchester.ac.uk/research/publications/working-papers/2013/).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description paper given at GSA conference Orlando 18-22 November, 2015 (Nik Rattray) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Oral Presentation at Conference - GSA Annual Scientific Meeting 2015 (Orlando - didn't actually attend but abstract was published)
https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnv163.02
Paper described the metabolomics aspects of the fRaill project and highlighted dysregulation of energy metabolism across the frailty index.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnv163.02
 
Description three pieces of evidence in response to the call for evidence by the working group on Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Alan Marshal submitted three pieces of evidence in response to the call for evidence by the working group on Society (Chair: Paul Burstow MP), including:
Marshall, A., Nazroo, J., Reid, J. (2014) The demographic determinants of population ageing and their implications for pension provision
Marshall, A., Nazroo, J. (2014) Socio-economic and gender inequalities in frailty: evidence from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
Reid, J., Marshall, A., Nazroo, J. (2014) Making the best of pension reform


Opportunity to engage with academics on research findings
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014