Social and Spatial Patterning of Health

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow

Abstract

Differences between social groups, whether measured by socio-economic status or area of residence, have been observed for the last 150 years in Britain. However, little rigorous research has been undertaken into the reasons for these differences, and this lack of research may have limited the policy options available to central and local government and to the NHS. In order to design interventions aiming to reduce inequalities in health and longevity we need to know at what stage of life these inequalities are established (for example, in early childhood, adolescence, or adulthood); whether they result from people exposed to poorer physical and social environments becoming sicker, or sicker people moving into poorer environments; and the relative importance of different threats to health, such as material poverty, social exclusion, health related behaviours, exposure to hazardous environments, and psychosocial factors. This programme focuses on features of peoples everyday lives and local environments and changes in these over time.

Technical Summary

The aim of this programme is to study socioeconomic and spatial inequalities in health across time and across the life course, using data about individuals, households and areas, and a range of geographical and historical scales.|The programme involves two major themes:|1) Socio-economic inequalities across the lifecourse, and across time|This research focuses on how socio-economic inequalities in health are created and maintained at different stages of life, and what the mechanisms might be that lead socio-economic position to impact on health. We are interested in a number of types of social position including social class, income, education, housing tenure and car access. We are also interested in a wide variety of health experiences (covering mental and physical health and functioning, general well-being, and mortality), and of health related behaviours (including use of health services, diet, physical activity, alcohol, smoking). We cover an age range from mid-adolescence to the 70s, and a major interest is in social influences on the ageing process. This work is mainly UK based and uses several longitudinal studies which follow peoples health and social circumstances over time (e.g. the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study, and the Aberdeen Children of the 1950s study), but it also capitalises on a wide range of existing large scale longitudinal datasets from around the world.|2) Neighbourhoods and health |Variations in health between neighbourhoods in Britain have been observed since the early efforts of public health reformers in the 1830s such as Edwin Chadwick. A major issue for social and public health policy attempting to reduce inequalities in health is whether to concentrate efforts on area based initiatives or individually based initiatives. This programmes work on spatial inequalities focuses mainly on neighbourhoods in urban areas in the UK and other industrialised countries. We are interested in understanding more about what features of neighbourhoods might promote or damage health and the ability to lead healthy lives, and how neighbourhood characteristics might interact with personal characteristics such as socio-economic status, age, gender, or ethnicity. We are studying the relationship of area deprivation and personal characteristics with the location and use of a range of local amenities (e.g. foodstores, playgrounds, alcohol outlets, schools, GP practices). We are examining the ways in which local barriers and enablers for good diet and physical activity (such as the price and availability of healthy foods, the distribution of incivilities such as litter and graffiti, and the location and quality of physical activity resources) influence health.

Publications

10 25 50

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Batty G (2010) Erectile Dysfunction and Later Cardiovascular Disease in Men With Type 2 Diabetes in Journal of the American College of Cardiology

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Batty G. David (2008) Intelligence and carotid atherosclerosis in older people: Cross-sectional study in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY

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Batty GD (2008) Diarrhoea in childhood and cause-specific mortality in older age: analyses of 5642 deaths in 33,261 individuals from the Hertfordshire studies. in European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation : official journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology

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Batty GD (2007) Childhood mental ability in relation to cause-specific accidents in adulthood: the 1970 British Cohort Study. in QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians

 
Description House of Commons select committee on health
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200809/cmselect/cmhealth/286/28602.htm
 
Description Inequalities policy review
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.healthscotland.com/documents/23047.aspx
 
Description Nuffield Council on Bioethics, report on the ethics of public health
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
URL http://nuffieldbioethics.org/project/public-health/
 
Description Scottish ministerial task force on inequalities in health, 2007
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
URL http://www.scotland.gov.uk/publications/2008/06/09160103/0
 
Description AHRC Connected Communities
Amount £29,727 (GBP)
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description CSO PhD Studentship
Amount £90,961 (GBP)
Organisation Chief Scientist Office 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2009 
End 09/2012
 
Description Effect of the Environment on Human Health
Amount £1,200,000 (GBP)
Organisation Government of Scotland 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description National Prevention Research Initiative
Amount £147,800 (GBP)
Organisation Medical Research Council (MRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description National Prevention Research Initiative
Amount £96,859 (GBP)
Organisation Medical Research Council (MRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2008 
End 02/2011
 
Description Population Health Sciences Research Network
Amount £280,134 (GBP)
Organisation Medical Research Council (MRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Series of workshops on neighbourhood environments and physical activity
Amount £15,000 (GBP)
Organisation Wellcome Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Wellcome Trust Project grant
Amount £508,833 (GBP)
Organisation Wellcome Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description Wellcome Tust career development Fellowship
Amount £574,957 (GBP)
Organisation Wellcome Trust 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Title Audit of alcohol outlets in Glasgow 
Description name, address of each outlet by type, photo of each outlet, details of area type, deprivation levels 
Type Of Material Biological samples 
Year Produced 2010 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact articles, presentations to non academic audiences (policy makers, healthcare professionals) 
 
Title The Aberdeen children of the 1950s study. 
Description This consists of data collected on 13,000 schoolchildren in 1962 in Aberdeen with measures of IQ linked to perinatal events, parental circumstances, school history, adult information from linkages to NHS morbidity date data and mortality data and adult self-reported health data. 
Type Of Material Biological samples 
Year Produced 2006 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Large range of important publications in lifecourse epidemiology. Including: Leon et al 2009 Intelligence von Stumm et al 2009 Intelligence 16973534 17325403 16735637 17668049 18704700 16452107 
 
Title The West of Scotland Twenty-07 study 
Description The West of Scotland Twenty-07 study. A longitudinal study of three cohorts born 20 years apart, and followed for 20 years. Contains demographic, social, behavioural, self reported health, and biomarker data. 
Type Of Material Biological samples 
Year Produced 2006 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact A wide range of scientific publications, and take up in public health policy. 16452104 18930962 16415264 19574275 199333507 17196733 18596249 19088119 17196313 17156478 20444309 17440023 16880215 18454876 16055305 17076820 18039429 19159507 19307938 19497004 19619405 17007695 18448858 
 
Title Toolkit 
Description We developed a web-based toolkit to assist the public, practitioners and policymakers to assess the robustness of published health studies. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The toolkit is going live in late 2014 so there is no demonstrable impact yet. 
 
Title Aberdeen 
Description A cohort study of 13,00 children born in Aberdeen in the 1950s and followed up into adult. Rich perinatal, childhood and adult social and health data. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Numerous publications by our own and other groups. 
URL http://www.abdn.ac.uk/childrenofthe1950s
 
Title Twenty07 
Description A cohort study of 3 age groups born 1931, 1951 and 1971 followed up for 20 years; data include social , health and biological information. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Numerous publications from our own group and collaborators 
URL http://2007study.sphsu.mrc.ac.uk
 
Description Aberdeen children of the 1950s study 
Organisation London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Department Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Co-applicants on 4 grants to support this study (two from MRC, two from the Chief Scientist Office in Scotland);joint custodians of the data; co-authors on numerous papers; member of study steering committee.
Collaborator Contribution Co-applicants on 4 grants to support this study (two from MRC, two from the Chief Scientist Office in Scotland);joint custodians of the data; co-authors on numerous papers; member of study steering committee.Co-applicants on 2 grants to support this study; co-authors on numerous papers. Co-applicants on 4 grants to support this study (two from MRC, two from the Chief Scientist Office in Scotland);joint custodians of the data; co-authors on numerous papers; members of study steering committee.
Impact numerous publications. Ones included in this return are: 17325403 17325403 16973534 16284402 18704700 17668049 16735637 16452107 Leon et al, Intelligence 2009, von Stumm S et al, Intelligence 2010,
 
Description Aberdeen children of the 1950s study 
Organisation University of Aberdeen
Department College of Life Sciences and Medicine
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Co-applicants on 4 grants to support this study (two from MRC, two from the Chief Scientist Office in Scotland);joint custodians of the data; co-authors on numerous papers; member of study steering committee.
Collaborator Contribution Co-applicants on 4 grants to support this study (two from MRC, two from the Chief Scientist Office in Scotland);joint custodians of the data; co-authors on numerous papers; member of study steering committee.Co-applicants on 2 grants to support this study; co-authors on numerous papers. Co-applicants on 4 grants to support this study (two from MRC, two from the Chief Scientist Office in Scotland);joint custodians of the data; co-authors on numerous papers; members of study steering committee.
Impact numerous publications. Ones included in this return are: 17325403 17325403 16973534 16284402 18704700 17668049 16735637 16452107 Leon et al, Intelligence 2009, von Stumm S et al, Intelligence 2010,
 
Description Aberdeen children of the 1950s study 
Organisation University of Bristol
Department School of Social and Community Medicine
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Co-applicants on 4 grants to support this study (two from MRC, two from the Chief Scientist Office in Scotland);joint custodians of the data; co-authors on numerous papers; member of study steering committee.
Collaborator Contribution Co-applicants on 4 grants to support this study (two from MRC, two from the Chief Scientist Office in Scotland);joint custodians of the data; co-authors on numerous papers; member of study steering committee.Co-applicants on 2 grants to support this study; co-authors on numerous papers. Co-applicants on 4 grants to support this study (two from MRC, two from the Chief Scientist Office in Scotland);joint custodians of the data; co-authors on numerous papers; members of study steering committee.
Impact numerous publications. Ones included in this return are: 17325403 17325403 16973534 16284402 18704700 17668049 16735637 16452107 Leon et al, Intelligence 2009, von Stumm S et al, Intelligence 2010,
 
Description CCACE: Centre for Cognitive Aging and Cognitive Epidemiology 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Department Psychology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data on reaction times and cognition for much larger numbers than usuall in psychology. Loaned reaction time equipement.
Collaborator Contribution 1) advised on cognitive assessment in the Twenty-07 study. 2)A Welcome Fellowship was jointly supervised.
Impact Numerous publications, plus editorials and book chapters. Jointly organising the stands at the Science Festivals. A new field of research - Cognitive Epidemiology - has been developed from this collaboration. The inclusion of a Cognitive Epidemiology group within the bid for a centre in Edinburgh was deemed a notable strength of the bid. 16449407 16452104 16520812 16594792 16950984 16973534 17020911 17030752 17174570 17175567 17200256 17220284 17325403 17526533 17640449 17846257 17933959 17991814 18204831 18235070 18477751 18480188 18525394 18655859 18718672 18801778 18812363 18947352 19043147 19147741 19189278 19234402 19344891 19483120 19572219 19602715 19706576 19861402 Deary IJ, Batty GD, Gale CR. Corrigendum to "Childhood intelligence predicts voter turnout, voting preferences, and political involvement in adulthood: the 1970 British Cohort Study" Intelligence 2009; 37:325. Deary IJ, Batty GD, Gale CR. Bright children become enlightened adults. Psychological Science 2008; 19:1-6. Deary IJ, Batty GD, Gale CR. Childhood intelligence predicts voter turnout, voting preferences, and political involvement in adulthood: the 1970 British Cohort Study. Intelligence 2008; 36:548-55. Der G, Batty GD, Deary IJ. The association between IQ in adolescence and a range of health outcomes at 40 in the 1979 US National Longitudinal Study of Youth. Intelligence 2009; 37:573-80. Deary IJ, Irwing P, Der G, Bates TC. Brother-sister differences in the g factor in intelligence: analysis of full, opposite-sex siblings from the NLSY1979. Intelligence 2007; 35:451-6. Roberts B, Der G, Deary IJ, Batty GD. Intelligence and established risk factors for total and cardiovascular disease mortality: Comparison of effect estimates in the follow-up of a large, UK-wide, general-population based survey [Epub ahead of print]. Intelligence 2009.
 
Description FALcon 
Organisation University College London
Department MRC Unit for Lifelong Health and Ageing
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Sharing data for cross-cohort studies and topic expertise on particular functional measures
Collaborator Contribution Led sucessful grant application for collaborative work on functional health over timeDevelopment of statistical techniques for analysis of longitudinal dataSharing data for cross-cohort studies and topic expertise on particular functional measuresSharing data for cross-cohort studies and topic expertise on particular functional measures
Impact Sucessful MRC PHSRN grant, cross-cohort dataset created, four papers submitted, various academic presentations given.
Start Year 2008
 
Description FALcon 
Organisation University of Bristol
Department MRC Centre for Causal Analyses in Translational Epidemiology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Sharing data for cross-cohort studies and topic expertise on particular functional measures
Collaborator Contribution Led sucessful grant application for collaborative work on functional health over timeDevelopment of statistical techniques for analysis of longitudinal dataSharing data for cross-cohort studies and topic expertise on particular functional measuresSharing data for cross-cohort studies and topic expertise on particular functional measures
Impact Sucessful MRC PHSRN grant, cross-cohort dataset created, four papers submitted, various academic presentations given.
Start Year 2008
 
Description FALcon 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Department MRC Biostatistics Unit
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Sharing data for cross-cohort studies and topic expertise on particular functional measures
Collaborator Contribution Led sucessful grant application for collaborative work on functional health over timeDevelopment of statistical techniques for analysis of longitudinal dataSharing data for cross-cohort studies and topic expertise on particular functional measuresSharing data for cross-cohort studies and topic expertise on particular functional measures
Impact Sucessful MRC PHSRN grant, cross-cohort dataset created, four papers submitted, various academic presentations given.
Start Year 2008
 
Description FALcon 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Department MRC Epidemiology Unit
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Multiple 
PI Contribution Sharing data for cross-cohort studies and topic expertise on particular functional measures
Collaborator Contribution Led sucessful grant application for collaborative work on functional health over timeDevelopment of statistical techniques for analysis of longitudinal dataSharing data for cross-cohort studies and topic expertise on particular functional measuresSharing data for cross-cohort studies and topic expertise on particular functional measures
Impact Sucessful MRC PHSRN grant, cross-cohort dataset created, four papers submitted, various academic presentations given.
Start Year 2008
 
Description George Institute, Sydney 
Organisation George Institute for Global Health
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Generation of research question, formulation of analytical strategy, manuscript preparation.
Collaborator Contribution Data provision and analyses
Impact 18794897 19270305 19889610 19900847 19678933
Start Year 2009
 
Description MRC Southampton 
Organisation University of Dundee
Department MRC Protein Phosphorylation and Ubiquitylation Unit
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Generation of research quesions, analytical planning, manuscript preparation
Collaborator Contribution Research question formulation, data analyses, manuscript preparation
Impact 18801796 19605367 18677178 18056131 18380686 1892320 19907333 18812363 19483120 19706576
 
Description Midspan studies 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Department Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Generation of research question, data analyses, manuscript preparation.
Collaborator Contribution Data provision and insights
Impact 20142829, 20223873
Start Year 2007
 
Description Psychophysiology 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Department College of Life and Environmental Sciences
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution collected the data, provided additional data and analysed data.
Collaborator Contribution They devised a blood pressure reactivity procedure for inclusion in wave 3 of the Twenty-07 study.
Impact Numerous publications, presentations at conferences. 19344891 18596249 17196733 16415264 18178376 19321850 19397938 19159507 19497004 19619405 18039429 17076820 16055305
 
Description Swedish Conscripts Study 
Organisation Karolinska Institute
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Generation of research question, formulation of analytical strategy, data analyses, manuscript preparation.
Collaborator Contribution Data provision
Impact 19234402 19147741 18718672 19043147 Batty GD et al, Annals of Oncology 2007 18621958 19033357 18824645 20190131
 
Description Twenty-07 biomarkers 
Organisation NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde (NHSGGC)
Department Department of Urogynaecology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution Designed and managed fieldwork during which blood was collected; currently analysing resulting data
Collaborator Contribution extracted and analysed range of blood assays plus DNA from samples collected from Twenty-07 respondents; stored blood and DNA for future analysis.
Impact range of biomarkers; stored DNA, plasma and serum samples.
Start Year 2007
 
Description Vietnam Experience Study 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Department MRC Epidemiology Unit
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Multiple 
PI Contribution Generation of research question, formulation of analytical strategy, manuscript preparation.
Collaborator Contribution Formulation of research questions, data analyses, manuscript preparation
Impact 19189278 19602715 18525394 18477751 18204831 18801778 19344891 19047528 19321850 19251871 19602715
 
Description Whitehall Studies I and II 
Organisation University College London
Department Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Generation of research question, formulation of analytical strategy, manuscript preparation.
Collaborator Contribution Data provision, critical insights, formulation of analyses strategy, comments on manuscripts
Impact Batty GD et al, Salud(i)Ciencia 2008 Batty GD et al, Diabetes Care 2007 Batty GD et al, Annals of Oncology 2006 Batty GD et al, Heart 2006 Batty GD et al, European Journal of Epidemiology 2006 19190162 19628438 18212091 18438641 19648547 19597041 19592627 19808765 18551106 18994662 20157053
 
Description pSobid 
Organisation Glasgow Centre for Population Health
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Study design, analytical strategy, comments on manuscripts
Collaborator Contribution Study design, data collection, data analyses, manuscript preparation
Impact 19861369 18426568
Start Year 2006
 
Description Annual Christmas cards and feedback leaflets to participants in the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact We send a Christmas card and change of address postcard every year to participants in the study, and sent summaries of findings in 2004 and 2008

Engage people with the findings from the Study; engender study loyalty and future participation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007,2008,2009,2010
 
Description Annual Christmas cards and feedback leaflets to respondents in the Aberdeen Children of the 1950s study 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact We send an annual Christmas card and leaflets giving selected high-level feedback to respondents in the Aberdeen Children of the 1950s study.

Participants have expressed interest in our findings, and seem pleased that we communicate with them annually.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007,2008,2009
 
Description Arts and Health 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Circa fifty practitioners and researchers interested in the association between arts and health attended a workshop intended to help produce more robust research designs in this field.

There was a lively discussion among the practitioners and researchers about how to improve research design and increase funding
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Edinburgh Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Chaired the Scottish launch of the RCUK lifelong health and well-being exhibition and public meeting on the "secrets of healthy ageing", and presented some findings from our own study to a broad audience of the public, MSPs and policymakers/practitioners

Opportunity for networking; public engaged in lively debate about the value fo research in their every day lives.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Edinburgh science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We had a stand at the Edinburgh science Festival to demonstrate our research on reaction time, at which members the public could test their own reaction times.

Note that we repeated this activity at the Cambridge and Cheltenham science Festivals in 2008.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007,2008,2009
 
Description Equally Well Test site advisory panel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact provided input into advisory group also gave presentation to local planners prior to their fieldtrip

feedback from participants was positive and led to invitation to present at national event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2010
 
Description Faculty Lecture, Faculty of Education, Strathclyde University 2010 SM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Event name: Faculty Lecture, Faculty of Education, Strathclyde University
Date: April 2010
Location: Glasgow
Title: Who you are or where you are? The Social and Spatial Patterning of Health and Well-being
Author: Macintyre, S


Not known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Fourth meeting of NHS Health Scotland Inequalities Forum: Making Decisions about how to address health inequalities 2010 SM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Event name: Fourth meeting of NHS Health Scotland Inequalities Forum: Making Decisions about how to address health inequalities
Date: October 2010
Location: Glasgow
Title: Social inequalities in health: what are they, what causes them, and what can we do about them?
Author: Macintyre, S


Not known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Health Commission for Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presented findings and answered questions

Our research mentioned in final report of commission, invited to participate in other events related to the Commission's work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Hosted a meeting of the House of Commons Select committee on health at the unit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We hosted a meeting at the Unit of the House of Commons Select Committee on Health, as part of their enquiry into health inequalities, and we presented some of our work to them.

Their published report extensively cites several members of this research programme, and was influenced by our input in particular in relation to the need for government to rule out interventions and policies in ways which permit robust evaluation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description House of Commons Select Committe on Health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Gave written and oral evidence to the House of Commons select committee on health, on the topic of inequalities in health.

The Select Committee then decided to visit this unit for its Scottish evidence session. Their published report extensively cites several members of this research programme, and was influenced by our input in particular in relation to the need for government to rule out interventions and policies in ways which permit robust evaluation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Inequalities policy review 2013 SM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The inequalities policy review was submitted as evidence to the Scottish ministerial task force on health inequalities, 2013.

There was considerable interest in the press and Scottish Parliament in the outputs of our policy review.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description International Institute for Society & Health 2011 SM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Event name: Public Seminar Series UCL International Institute for Society & Health
Date: October 2011
Location: London
Title: Evaluating the effects on health and behaviour of natural experiments
Author: Macintyre, S


Not known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Joint meeting of NHS Health Scotland and MRC Social & Public Health Sciences Unit 2009 SM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Event name: Joint meeting of NHS Health Scotland and MRC Social & Public Health Sciences Unit
Date: December 2009
Location: Glasgow
Title: Social and Public Health Sciences Unit
Author: Macintyre, S


Not known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description MRC Council Meeting 2009 SM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Event name: MRC Council Meeting
Date: December 2009
Location: Edinburgh
Title: Edinburgh
Author: Macintyre, S


Not known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Meeting with Glasgow MSPs 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Had joint meeting between researchers and six Glasgow-based members of the Scottish Parliament. MSPs asked for further information, and suggested follow-up meeting in the Scottish Parliament with the Cabinet Secretary present.

Proposed meeting in Scottish Parliament.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Meeting with public health team, Scottish government 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Three members of Research Staff had joint meeting with Senior Public Health team working for the Scottish government. We presented findings and work in progress, they told us about their research priorities.

Public Health team asked for some follow-up information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Policy forum with the Scottish government 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact 2 way dialogue with senior civil servants sometimes including the chief Medical Officer for Scotland; we present recent results of our work,and plans for future work; they told us about their priorities and results of their horizon scanning for public health issues that might be relevant for our research.

Helpful in letting civil servants know of our policy relevant findings prior to publication;helpful for us to know what research they would find policy relevant.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008,2009,2010
 
Description Provided item on health inequalities for NHS Scotland's 60th anniversary website 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Commissioned to write an item for Scottish Government's web site for the 60th anniversary of the NHS, focusing on inequalities in health.

None known (not a website to whose statistics I have access)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Scottish Parliament health and sport committee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Gave written and oral evidence to the Scottish parliament's Health and Sport Committee, on the topic of inequalities in health

Written and oral evidence was included in the published Scottish strategy on inequalities in health, "Equally Well", 2008.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Scottish ministerial task force on health inequalities, 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The ministers are considering the report.

The Ministerial task force enquiry on inequalities in health is likely to have an impact across all sectors of Scottish government.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Scottish ministerial task force on inequalities in health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Provided a commissioned briefing paper to the ministerial task force, and gave a presentation to a meeting of the task force.

Many of the points made in briefing paper and oral presentation were included in the published recommendations and conclusions of the task force, and are now part of Scottish government policy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description Talks to a range of policymakers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Members of team have given a number of talks to policy audiences, such as the Scottish Chief Medical Officer's seminars, continuing professional development seminars at the Scottish Executive, presentations to NHS Health Scotland and NHS Quality Improvement Scotland, Secretary of State for Health's health inequalities review seminar, Dutch public health Association, CDC (USA) meeting on physical activity and public health, local community groups, local councils, NHS health boards, urban planners, Scottish Executive Departments, WHO, etc.

Considerable interest in our programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007,2008,2009,2010
 
Description The Biomedicine Forum 2008 SM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Event name: The Biomedicine Forum
Date: May 2008
Location: London
Title: Public Health: Aspects of obesity
Author: Macintyre, S


Not known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Visit of Scottish minister for Public Health to the Unit 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We invited the Scottish Minister for Public Health, Shona Robison, to come to the Unit for a briefing on the work of the Unit including this research programme. She spent a morning with us.

Many of our findings and conclusions have been incorporated in the Scottish Government's policy on reducing health inequalities. The Minister's office subsequently asked us for more briefing information which we supplied.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description We sent individualised results of health data to participants in the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Participants in your research and patient groups
Results and Impact We sent personalised feedback about results from a health examination to respondents and their GPs (height, weight, BMI, a respiratory function, BP, blood lipids etc)

A small-scale study exploring the impact on participants of receiving this feedback has been conducted. Some serious health conditions such as hypertension have been picked up and treatment initiated. One reserach paper has been submitted on the effect of feedback on respondents and it has been shared in confidence with the Biobank Goverance and Ethics Council.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007,2008
 
Description Wellcome Trust Governors' Annual Strategic Retreat 2009 SM 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Event name: Wellcome Trust Governors' Annual Strategic Retreat
Date: June 2009
Location: Hinxton
Title: The Public Health Research Landscape
Author: Macintyre, S


Not known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Wolfson Research Institute 2011 SM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Event name: Wolfson Research Institute & GoHWell Guest Lecture
Date: 15 April 2011
Location: Durham
Title: Evaluating the health effects of natural experiments
Author: Macintyre, S


Not known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description visit from local MP 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We hosted a visit from the MP for Glasgow North, Ann McKechin, the Westminster MP in whose constituency the unit sits, to tell her about results of our recent work, and hear from her what were the research prorities of her and her constituents.

none
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009