Auditory development and auditory processing disorder

Lead Research Organisation: MRC Institute of Hearing Research

Abstract

We are trying to find out why some children with normal hearing have difficulty listening to speech in challenging situations such as listening to the teacher in the classroom. This problem has been called auditory processing disorder (APD). APD can also occur in adults.We don't understand APD very well, and there is no general agreement how it should be diagnosed or treated. However, there is a huge appetite among carers, teachers and hearing-related professionals for more knowledge about APD. Our aims are to understand how listening abilities are related to thinking and attention abilities in children and to develop a diagnostic test for APD.To do this we have completed a national, multicentre study of listening, thinking, speech and attention abilities in 1600 children aged 6-11 years. The results showed that those with poor listening skills tended to have related poor thinking and attention abilities. Rather than being due to impaired listening, as such, APD appears to be due mainly to inattention.

Technical Summary

Listening in children differs from that in adults. Children consistently perform more poorly than adults on a wide range of listening tasks. We are exploring the development of hearing between the ages of 3 and 12 years, with a focus on aspects of listening that may relate to auditory processing disorder (APD). Children who have normal hearing but poor speech perception in challenging situations are thought by audiologists to have APD. There are currently no UK standardised or scientifically validated tests to diagnose APD, although there is both a demand and uncertainty among the audiological community about how such children should be diagnosed, and an agreed definition of APD in audiology professional societies. Commonly used tests of APD are mainly speech-based, leading to confusion with language-based impairments, are poorly validated, and generally rely for their authenticity on people suspected of having APD. This programme aims to provide fundamental knowledge of the relation between hearing, listening, cognition, and the clinical presentation of what is termed APD. Translational aims are to develop a diagnostic test for APD and to contribute to the formulation of educational and health intervention strategies.

To test the specific hypothesis that the presenting symptoms of APD are related to a sensory processing deficit, we conducted a national, multicentre study of more than 1600 children of whom 1469 were normally hearing. We examined the ability of these children to perform a series of tone and noise listening tasks to assess their auditory spectral and temporal resolution, in terms of both response threshold (sensitivity) and response variability (an index of attention). We compared this auditory processing with tests of cognition (IQ, memory, language and reading), speech-in-noise, and parental assessments of communication and listening skills. The results indicated that measures of APD symptoms (speech-in-noise, communication and listening) were related to attention but not to sensory processing. We are currently involved in disseminating our results and negotiating several forms of commercial exploitation of the test battery.

We have engaged 25 audiology departments in the UK and 5 international research teams in the use of our test software (IHR-STAR) for various research and clinical purposes including diagnostic utility, comparison with other test procedures, use as a remediation tool, and assessment of the heritability of listening skills.

Organisations

Publications

10 25 50
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Brewer CC (2016) Heritability of non-speech auditory processing skills. in European journal of human genetics : EJHG

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Hind S (2009) Survey of care pathway for auditory processing disorder in Audiological Medicine

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Hind SE (2011) Prevalence of clinical referrals having hearing thresholds within normal limits. in International journal of audiology

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McGraw PV (2009) Introduction. Sensory learning: from neural mechanisms to rehabilitation. in Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences

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Moore DR (2007) Auditory processing disorders: acquisition and treatment. in Journal of communication disorders

 
Guideline Title British Society of Audiology Definition of APD
Description Definition of APD
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in clinical guidelines
Impact Provides the basis for testable hypotheses about the nature of APD Provides alternative approach to APD to that advocated by ASHA
 
Description Membership of BSA steering group on APD
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guidance committee
Impact Output of steering group provides the only source of professional advice in the UK on auditory processing disorder (APD). APD is suspected in about 5% of all people referred to audiology clinics.
 
Description Training of hearing health professionals on APD
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Knowledge of research, policy and practice with respect to listening problems in children
 
Description Diagnosis of auditory processing disorder
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Organisation Oticon Hearing Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 01/2007 
End 12/2007
 
Title IHR Cued Attention Test 
Description A new, computer-based test to measure a form of attention known as 'phasic alertness'. Auditory or visual stimuli are presented and the user must make a rapid, key-stroke response to both cued and uncued versions of the stimuli. 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact None yet, but early days 
 
Title IMAP database 
Description A collection of results of audiology, auditory processing, cognitive, speech-in-noise, parental questionnaire, and attention data on ~1600 children aged 6-11 years 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of Data/Biological Samples 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The ability to answer many questions concerning the interelationships of allied skills relevant to listening, communication and literacy 
 
Title STAR 
Description A software platform capable of generating sounds and other sensory stimuli in sequential order. The software is predominantly used for generating sounds used in evaluations and training of hearing and has a number of useful (including commercially useful) applications 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2008 
Software Developed? Yes  
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact It has been used for research into children's hearing It forms the basis of auditory learning programs - repeated use of these programs has been shown to beneift listening in children and adults, especially those with listening and hearing problems. 
 
Description Heritability of auditory processing in children 
Organisation National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Formulation and development of research idea. Approach to NIDCD Provision of research materials and training to US collaborators
Collaborator Contribution Provision of staff and resources for design, data collection and analysis Provision of office space and other research infrastructure
Impact Development of research partnership with NIDCD BBC coverage of study
Start Year 2009
 
Description Heritability of auditory processing in children 
Organisation Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Formulation and development of research idea. Approach to NIDCD Provision of research materials and training to US collaborators
Collaborator Contribution Provision of staff and resources for design, data collection and analysis Provision of office space and other research infrastructure
Impact Development of research partnership with NIDCD BBC coverage of study
Start Year 2009
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
Country Greece 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Bedford Hospital NHS Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Bristol Royal Hospital for Children (BRHC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Cardiff and Vale University Health Board
Department Welsh Institute of Hearing
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Central Lancashire Primary Care Trust (PCT)
Department Fulwood Clinic, Preston
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation City Hospitals Sunderland NHS Foundation Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Daresbury Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Devon County Council
Department Devon Educational Psychology Services
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Donaldson's College Edinburgh
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Edgware Community Hospital
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Freeman Hospital
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Manchester Royal Infirmary
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Medway Maritime Hospital
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation National Acoustics Laboratory
Country Australia 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Center
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Royal Alexandra Hospital
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Royal Berkshire NHS Foundation Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Royal Hospital for Children
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation St George's University of London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation St Mary's Hospital Leeds
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation University College London
Department Institute of Neurology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation University of Manchester
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Department School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation University of Southampton
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description IMAP 
Organisation Wrexham Maelor Hospital
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Hospitals 
PI Contribution IMAP field test collaboration involving 25 sites. Information and training days for IMAP field test collaborators have been held covering the IHR research on APD, how to use the IMAP software and how they can collaborate with us in APD research. Provision of software and hardware for testing auditory processing in each test centre
Collaborator Contribution Salaries for staff. Research costs. Provision of office spaceData collection in AustraliaParticipant access and data collectionParticipant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant access Participant access and data collectionparticipant access and data collectiondata collection and participant accessdata collection and participant accessparticipant access and data collectionData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant accessData collection and participant access.
Impact - International recognition of our group as one of the leading researchers in auditory processing disorder (APD). - Interaction with and education of a range of audiologists, speech and language therapists, audiological physicians and hearing researchers on APD. - Publications are submitted and in preparation. - Development of a suite of computer programmes for testing hearing and related skills in children (IHR-STAR). - Initiation of and input into BSA steering committee on definition, diagnosis and management of APD.
Start Year 2007
 
Description Testing of auditory training software in children 
Organisation Northwestern University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Development and testing of software to be used in clinical study
Collaborator Contribution Clinical testing of auditory training software
Impact Institutional approval for study Clinical trial is currently underway
Start Year 2008
 
Title IHR-STAR 
Description A software platform capable of generating sounds and other sensory stimuli in sequential order. The software is predominantly used for generating sounds used in evaluations and training of hearing and has a number of useful applications 
IP Reference  
Protection Copyrighted (e.g. software)
Year Protection Granted 2009
Licensed Yes
Impact Development of a computer based auditory training game by MindWeavers PLC that sells the game under the brand name Phonomena
 
Title Guidance on auditory processing disorders 
Description Advice to BSA steering committee 
Type Management of Diseases and Conditions
Current Stage Of Development Initial development
Year Development Stage Completed 2009
Development Status Under active development/distribution
Impact Support to clinicians who desperately need clear guidance on the diagnosis and managment of auditory processing disorders. 
 
Description Brochures on APD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Prepared advisory brochures on APD for patients and parents concerned about listening difficulties. Brochures were prepared with funding from the British Society of Audiology and Deafness Research (UK)

Over 2000 broachures have been distributed through GP surgeries and enquiries to charities. Additional copies have been downloaded from our website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description Hosted training courses on auditory processing disorder 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact Organised and ran training workshps and sessions through the British Society of Audiology

Increased knowledge of research findings on APD among audiology, medical and speech/language therapy professionals
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2008
 
Description Magazine articles on APD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact Regular contributions from members of the research team to this publication, updating readers on developments in our research

Circulation to all members of the British Society of Audiology with consequent building of profile and reputation of MRC research in this area
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007,2008,2009
 
Description Presentations to audiology and ENT professionals 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact Delivering talks at continuing professional development courses Delivering plenary talks at national and international conferences Training students

Established and developed international profile of research group among professionals Provided a scientific alternative to clinician-led theory and evidence on auditory processing disorder Provided practitioners with practical advice on how to diagnose and manage listening difficulties in children
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007,2008,2009
 
Description School visits by Dr Hind - various around Nottingham area 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact talked about the research to children and teachers

Not known
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2006,2007,2008,2009