Maternal and Child Nutrition

Lead Research Organisation: MRC Human Nutrition Research Group

Abstract

Undernutrition during pregnancy and childhood is estimated to cause 3.1 million child deaths annually. In addition, it is now widely accepted that the environment an individual is exposed to in early life – including the early diet - has long term effects on human health. Understanding the mechanisms through which nutrition to mothers and their infants may influence development in childhood is critically important, so we can develop diets and nutritional therapies to optimize life-long health.
In this programme of research we aim to understand in more detail the factors that regulate ‘healthy’ growth, and then test targeted interventions to improve growth. We are also especially interested in the nutritional regulation of immune and brain development, and apply modern methods and technologies to test development in field settings.
The research programme mainly works with populations in resource poor countries, but the results generated will have implications for any vulnerable populations globally.

Technical Summary

The Maternal and Child Nutrition (MCN) Programme at MRC Human Nutrition Research was established in March 2014, and is led by Dr Sophie Moore.
The overall aim of the MCN Programme is to identify mechanisms through which maternal and infant nutrition may influence development and hence identify pathways by which nutritional interventions to mothers and/or infants can be effective. The specific focus is on the nutritional regulation of ‘healthy’ fetal and infant growth, incorporating infant immune and brain development. The research is concentrated on vulnerable populations, especially mothers and infants in settings of widespread undernutrition in resource poor settings, but with implications for nutritional inequalities globally.
The specific objectives of the MCN Programme are to:
1. Improve understanding of normal and abnormal fetal and infant development, utilising detailed phenotypic data from birth cohort studies and focusing specifically on growth, immunity and brain development.
2. Identify next-generation opportunities for early-life nutritional intervention, and test proof-of-concept interventions for improved outcomes.
3. Provide a theoretical basis on which future intervention strategies can be based, with future implications for nutrition policy globally.
The research questions to meet these objectives are currently defined by outcome (fetal and infant growth, immune development and brain development) but will ultimately develop into a programme of research focused on two closely interlinking themes; (1) maternal nutrition and infant development, and (2) infant nutrition and health. The first theme will build directly from the outcome of ongoing and planned projects, building a comprehensive understanding of the most critical periods for intervention in pregnancy for optimal infant development. The second theme, focused on infant nutrition and health and building on ongoing projects in this area, will expand our existing understanding of the relationships between infant feeding, infant growth and long-term development. Critical research questions, focused on mothers and infants in settings of nutritional vulnerability will include: (i) how is the nutrient content of milk is affected by maternal status and intake; (ii) how do low milk concentrations affect infant status; and (iii) can this be modified by maternal nutritional supplementation? To advance understanding, a combination of basic mechanistic (observational) studies and proof-of-principle intervention trials are employed. Collaborations within HNR and externally with specialists in the physiological and metabolic sciences permit in depth study of functional outcomes and mechanisms.

Publications

10 25 50
publication icon
Bagci Bosi AT (2016) Breastfeeding practices and policies in WHO European Region Member States. in Public health nutrition

publication icon
Begus K (2016) Using fNIRS to Study Working Memory of Infants in Rural Africa. in Advances in experimental medicine and biology

 
Description BBSRC, Diet and Health Research Industry Club (DRINC)
Amount £686,533 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2015 
End 05/2019
 
Description Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Grand Challenges
Amount $1,000,000 (USD)
Organisation Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 05/2015 
End 12/2017
 
Description Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Grand Challenge Explorations Funding
Amount $441,427 (USD)
Organisation Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 01/2015 
End 12/2016
 
Description Sackler Institute of Nutrition Science
Amount $50,000 (USD)
Organisation Sackler Institute for Nutrition Science 
Sector Learned Society
Country Unknown
Start 02/2016 
End 08/2016
 
Description Wasting and Stunting Review
Amount £15,000 (GBP)
Organisation Early Life Nutrition Network 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2016 
End 11/2016
 
Description Global fNIRS 
Organisation Birkbeck, University of London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution GlobalfNIRS is a multidisciplinary project dedicated to advancing global health initiatives through the use of a low cost, portable and non-invasive neuroimaging technology, functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Our goal is to provide tools which supplement current methods for assessing cognitive function of the developing brain in resource poor settings. We believe that establishing earlier and more objective biomarkers of typical and atypical cognitive development will be of value in assessing interventional outcomes and risk prevention strategies. The role of the MCN Group at MRC Human Nutrition Research is to provide input into the application of fNIRS to assess the impact of early nutritional deprivation on infant cognitive development.
Collaborator Contribution Expertise by the lead partners in Medical engineering (UCL) and child psychology (Birkbeck)
Impact Published peer-reviewed papers: Lloyd-Fox S, Papademetriou M, Darboe MK, Everdell NL, Prentice AM, Moore SE, & Elwell, CE. (2014). Functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) to assess cognitive function in infants in rural Africa. Nature Scientific Report, 4, 4740, doi: 10.1038/ srep04740. Publications in Press: Begus K, Lloyd-Fox S. Halliday D, Papademetriou M, Darboe MK, Prentice AM, Moore SE, Elwell CE. Using fNIRS to Study Working Memory of Infants in Rural Africa. Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXXVII. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Poster presentations: Applying fNIRS to study the effects of nutrition on cognitive development in infants: A pilot study of working memory in infants in UK and rural Africa. Begus K, Lloyd-Fox S, Halliday D, Papademetriou M, Everdell N, Darboe MK, Prentice AM, Moore SE, & Elwell CE. Poster presented at International Society Oxygen Transport Tissues, London, UK, June 28-July 3, 2014. Brain Imaging of Cognitive Development in Rural Gambia: Studies from Birth to 24 Months of Age. Halliday D, Lloyd-Fox S, Begus K, Maris H, Papademetriou M, Everdell N, Darboe MK, Prentice AM, Moore SE, & Elwell CE. Poster presented at Experimental Biology Conference, San Diego, USA, April 26-30, 2014.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Global fNIRS 
Organisation University College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution GlobalfNIRS is a multidisciplinary project dedicated to advancing global health initiatives through the use of a low cost, portable and non-invasive neuroimaging technology, functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Our goal is to provide tools which supplement current methods for assessing cognitive function of the developing brain in resource poor settings. We believe that establishing earlier and more objective biomarkers of typical and atypical cognitive development will be of value in assessing interventional outcomes and risk prevention strategies. The role of the MCN Group at MRC Human Nutrition Research is to provide input into the application of fNIRS to assess the impact of early nutritional deprivation on infant cognitive development.
Collaborator Contribution Expertise by the lead partners in Medical engineering (UCL) and child psychology (Birkbeck)
Impact Published peer-reviewed papers: Lloyd-Fox S, Papademetriou M, Darboe MK, Everdell NL, Prentice AM, Moore SE, & Elwell, CE. (2014). Functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) to assess cognitive function in infants in rural Africa. Nature Scientific Report, 4, 4740, doi: 10.1038/ srep04740. Publications in Press: Begus K, Lloyd-Fox S. Halliday D, Papademetriou M, Darboe MK, Prentice AM, Moore SE, Elwell CE. Using fNIRS to Study Working Memory of Infants in Rural Africa. Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXXVII. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Poster presentations: Applying fNIRS to study the effects of nutrition on cognitive development in infants: A pilot study of working memory in infants in UK and rural Africa. Begus K, Lloyd-Fox S, Halliday D, Papademetriou M, Everdell N, Darboe MK, Prentice AM, Moore SE, & Elwell CE. Poster presented at International Society Oxygen Transport Tissues, London, UK, June 28-July 3, 2014. Brain Imaging of Cognitive Development in Rural Gambia: Studies from Birth to 24 Months of Age. Halliday D, Lloyd-Fox S, Begus K, Maris H, Papademetriou M, Everdell N, Darboe MK, Prentice AM, Moore SE, & Elwell CE. Poster presented at Experimental Biology Conference, San Diego, USA, April 26-30, 2014.
Start Year 2014
 
Description MILQ: The Mothers, Infants and Lactation Quality Project 
Organisation University of California, Davis
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Myself and my MRC HNR funded PhD student (Kamilla Eriksen) were part of a Technical Advisory Group formed in 2015 to create a multi-centre study to develop reference values for human milk nutrient concentrations. As a direct consequence of this collaboration, we formed a research group and received funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation for a multi-site study on this topic. We will lead the Gambian and Danish arms of this study.
Collaborator Contribution We have contributed intellectually to secure funding for a large research study.
Impact Funding from BMGF. No publications as yet.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Attendance to fNIRS Society conference in Tokyo, Japan - Ms Samantha McCann 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 3 members of the BRIGHT project team attended the fNIRS Society conference in Tokyo, October 2018. An oral presentation was given on the topic of ' fNIRS habituation responses in infants between 1 and 8 months of age in Gambia and UK'. And a poster presentation was given on the topic of 'fNIRS Working memory responses in infants at 8 and 12 months in the UK and The Gambia'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description CIFF meeting, Maternal infection and childhood undernutrition (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation in a working group on the importance of maternal infection for childhood growth. It is hoped that the outputs of this working group will include a 'thought piece' to engage funders/policy makers in this area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Cambridge Institute of Public Health away day, June 25 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact I presented our work on 'Using brain imaging to evaluate nutritional intervention strategies in resource-poor setting'. This sparked discussion, and interest in this area of research.

I have been contacted by a Cambridge PhD student regarding the use of fNIRs technology in a study of the impact of malaria/anaemia in early life and long term cognitive function. This may lead to a funding application.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.iph.cam.ac.uk/blog/away-day-2014-sharing-success/
 
Description Cambridge Science Week 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Cambridge Science Week - participated with HNR stand.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description DOHaD Conference (South Africa) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Plenary lecture at DOHad Meeting in Cape Town.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Early Nutrition Meeting, Munich. Lecture on "Early life nutritional programming of health and disease in The Gambia" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited lecture at the Early Nutrition meeting in Munich, Germany. Spoke at session in session focused on research in low income settings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Emergency Nutrition Network meeting (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation in an expert group on Wasting and Stunting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description FIGO meetings (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation in the Federations of International Gynecologist and Obstetrician's working group on 'Adolescent, Preconception, and Maternal Nutrition'. This meeting led to a briefing paper on the topic, targeted at health practitioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Greenman Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Focus on nutritional biomarkers and future health. Public engagement activity, August 16-20.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description III World Congress of Public Health Nutrition, 9 - 12 November 2014, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presented paper on 'Early life programming of disease risk in The Gambia'; stimulated discussion among public health nutrition professionals.

Spoke to other researchers in the field, possibility of future collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.nutrition2014.org/
 
Description ISRHML Meeting (South Africa) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Attendance and poster presentation at ISRHML conference. This meeting led to networking with other professionals working in the field of human milk research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Lecture - Oxford University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Lecture on International Nutrition (describing my research) as part of the Public Health MSc at the University of Oxford.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Lecturing (LSHTM) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Teaching on 'Maternal and Child Nutrition' teaching module at LSHTM. Delivered a lecture and practical session on 'Micronutrient interventions'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
 
Description Lecturing, Imperial College London. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Gave a lecture on International Nutrition as part of the Global Health MSc programme at Imperial College London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Micronutrient Forum Global Conference - Bridging Discovery and Delivery Ethiopia, June 2-6 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presented a paper on 'Impacts of perinatal micronutrient interventions on later health and development of young children' at Plenary session.

Contacted by a number of researchers working in this field
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://micronutrientforum.org/events/global-conference/
 
Description Micronutrient Forum, Mexico 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Together with my PhD student, led and spoke at a session on "Is maternal supplementation effective for increasing micronutrients in breast milk?"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Nutrition and Brain meeting, Switzerland 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 50-100 participants attended this networking meeting. This meeting was specifically to enable link-up between scientists working in the field of nutrition and brain development.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Oral Presentation: Behavioural Measures of Nutrition Related Cognitive Development in Rural Gambia: Studies from Birth to 24 Months of age 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact This was an oral presentation (led by my key collaborator, Prof Clare Elwell) at the Experimental Biology Meeting in San Diego, April 2014
Presentation attracted potential collaborators for future research opportunities

Contacted by interested research scientists regarding collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Poster presentation at International Society for Research into Human Milk and Lactation meeting, South Carolina, USA, October 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Poster presentation from our work in The Gambia on 'Milk, morbidity, and infant growth: growth factors, oligosaccharides, and microbiota in rural Gambian mothers and infants'.

Sparked interest in our research from other researchers working within the field of human lactation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Poster presentation, Gates Grand Challenges Meeting, Seattle, October 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Invited Poster presentation on 'Brain Imaging of Cognitive Development in Rural Gambia: Studies from Birth to 24 Months of Age'. Part of Poster session from Gates 'Grand Challenge Exploration' awardees.

Stimulated interest in this work, and the use of fNIRS
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Poster presentation, Gates Grand Challenges Meeting, Seattle, October 2014 - ENID-Bioactives 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Invited to present data on "Milk, morbidity, and infant growth: growth factors, oligosaccharides, and microbiota in rural Gambian mothers and infants.", as an awardee of a Gates 'Grand Challenges Exploration' award.

Interest from other participants at the meeting in this work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Poster presentation: Brain Imaging of Cognitive Development in Rural Gambia: Studies from Birth to 24 Months of Age 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Poster presentation (at the Global Micronutrient forum, Ethiopia) sparked interest from international nutrition researchers

Follow up conversations held regarding use of behavioral assessments within context of current research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Poster presentation: Brain Imaging of Nutrition Related Cognitive Development in Rural Gambia: Studies from Birth to 24 Months of Age 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Poster presentation sparked interest from potential collaborators afterwards

Contacted by other scientists wanting to apply the fNIRS technology to their research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Presentation at the Nutrition and Growth 2019 meeting in Valencia, Spain (Sophie Moore, March 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of a research paper on the relationships between wasting and stunting among Gambian infants at a conference attending by a broad range of international academic and industry delegates.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://2019.nutrition-growth.kenes.com/
 
Description Presentation of a poster at the Nutrition and Growth Conference - Dr Sandra Okala 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of a poster titled "Maternal mid-pregnancy lipid levels impact on infant anthropometry".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://academic.oup.com/cdn/article/2/11/nzy040/5048988
 
Description Presentation, Early Nutrition Meeting, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Scientific presentation at annual EU-funded 'Early Nutrition Project' meeting in London. Led to networking opportunities with other research scientists working in the area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Public Engagement event with participants of research sites in Cambridge and The Gambia - Ms Samantha McCann 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact 80 participants (40 mothers and 40 fathers) attended a series of interactive workshops designed to educate the audience on the importance of the brain, brain development, mental health and our our research techniques (fNIRS and EEG). The day was run by local staff in the local language and activities were tailored to non-literate participants and children. We included evaluation questions at the start and end of the day which showed an increase in knowledge regarding the importance of mental health and how to cope with the stresses of parenthood, the role and importance of the brain and the function of our project equipment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description RCOG Women's Global Health Clinical Study Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Providing input into the new Global Health group at the RCOG. Defining objectives, to help support medical practitioners in research related to Women's Global Health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description RCPCH Annual Conference, Birmingham, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact 50-100 paediatricians attending the annual conference attending this specific session on nutrition in early life, and long-term health

I was contacted by two medics, currently seeking opportunities for research placements in international settings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.pecsig-nhs.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/08/RCPCH-FINAL-Programme.pdf
 
Description Rosie Midwifery Research Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gave an informal seminar as part of the Rosie Midwifery Research Forum, Addenbrooke's Hospital Cambridge on "The effects of pre-natal and infant nutrition on infant growth and development". The aim of this seminar was to raise awareness among midwives at the Rosie about our ongoing research, so they could help communicate to the pregnant women and their families.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Royal College of Obstetrians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) National Trainee Conference (NTC) 2018 - Ms Alice Maidwell Smith 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact "Description from conference website, available on [https://www.rcog.org.uk/en/departmental-catalog/Departments/postgraduate-and-scientific-meetings/2061---national-trainees-conference-2018/], cited 9th January 2019:

"" The National Trainees Conference 2018 is for trainees at all grades and is organised by trainees. This year's Conference aims to address morale and motivation within our specialty; and inject some vibrancy and balance into our training by showcasing the positives of being an O&G trainee in the NHS and beyond. If you love O&G but sometimes feel as if training is a tick box exercise, if you're considering your career options within O&G, or if you're simply looking for an update on a diverse range of topics within our specialty, then this is the Conference for you.

In an increasingly pressurised health service, the requirements on trainees continue to mount. The challenges facing a modern NHS and the challenges in our specialty need to be understood and we need the knowledge, tools and skills to allow us to successfully navigate our training."""
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.rcog.org.uk/en/departmental-catalog/Departments/postgraduate-and-scientific-meetings/206...
 
Description Sackler Foundation meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participated in a meeting reviewing the results of studies using existing datasets to investigate the nutritional status of adolescent girls and young women, Part of a workshop held at the New York Academy of Sciences, November 3-4, 2016, which has led on to a Research Funding call in the area of adolescent nutrition.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description School Visit (Cambridge) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Outreach activity with local primary school during Science Week.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Science stall at Greenman Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public engagement activity as part of the 'Einstein's Garden' area at the Greenman Music Festival, August 2016. Together with other scientists from EWL/HNR we ran a stand looking at biomarkers of infant nutrition. Event was largely focused on communicating about our work with members of the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Seminar (ICH London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited seminar at ICH, London. Led to expression of interest in our Group's work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study (STIAS) Workshop on the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) and the SDGs, Stellenbosch South Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participation in a workshop to highlight the importance of DOHaD for helping sub-Saharan Africa to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Meeting led to a 'View Point' article in Global Health Action.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Technical Advisory Group participation (UCD, California) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Participation in a technical advisory group on 'Breast milk micronutrients' to plan a study to develop reference values for infants and young children.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description WHO meeting on Growth Failure in infants less than six months 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invitation to, and participation at a WHO convened meeting in Geneva, January 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019