Complexity in Health Improvement

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow

Abstract

We know that many factors influence health and health inequalities and the work of this Unit covers social, economic, environmental and cultural determinants of health. This programme is designed to look across this and the multiple interdependent factors at play.

We want to provide leadership on the development of new research methods to evaluate programmes that aim to improve health and reduce inequalities in health, and we want to identify how and why programme effectiveness may vary. This is important since decision makers and those designing services need to understand where to target effort and investment.

It’s imperative that we can identify what works, for whom, under what circumstances and why; this is the focus of our work in this programme. We will prioritise evaluations of interventions that tackle obesity and alcohol use; use new technology; or target health behaviour among those with serious mental illness. There also needs to be a better understanding of whether specific interventions and programmes can be transferred to different settings, target groups, or the problem to be addressed, without losing their effectiveness. To do this we will need to identify what elements make it possible for a programme to be modified in order to work or indeed which elements means transferability may not be effective. We will further develop and apply methods to understand and simulate how multiple interdependent factors come together in complex adaptive systems that generate heath inequalities and are resistant to change. This will include a focus on social networks and on drinking behaviour.

Staff training, developing advanced courses, and leading collaborative networks of fellow researchers will be delivered in order to improve our professional capacity to develop and evaluate complex public health programmes and understand complex systems.

Technical Summary

Aims and objectives

We aim to lead international efforts in the application of novel methods to: (1) identify the most effective means to improve population health and reduce inequalities; and (2) understand how effectiveness might vary across contexts.

We have four objectives:
1. To improve processes and methods to rigorously develop and evaluate theoretically-based complex public health interventions, to routinely incorporate evaluability assessment into the development stages of major new policy programmes, and ensure that evaluations identify what works, for whom, under what circumstances and why.
2. To formulate general principles about the transferability of interventions, by identifying: which aspects of setting, target group or problem have insignificant impact on effectiveness, which can be addressed through intervention adaptation without loss of effectiveness, and which prevent interventions being effective when transferred.
3. To develop and apply network analysis methods and complex systems science to better understand and model the interdependent relationship between multiple determinants of health and behavior and the generation of health inequalities. This will include a focus on social influences on behavior and on alcohol use.
4. To build capacity in the development and evaluation of complex public health interventions and in complex systems science methods, through: staff and student training, developing advanced courses, and leading collaborative networks to develop and share the high quality implementation of these methods.

Research plan and methodology

There will be three complementary themes.

The first will seek to improve methods to support the design and conduct of evaluations of complex interventions, particularly through pragmatic or realist randomised trial designs. In these evaluations, form can vary, external validity is maximised, and there is a focus on understanding and explaining heterogeneity. In particular, interventions are theorised and evaluated in terms of their dependence on context, implementation and differential effectiveness across individuals and populations. This theme will prioritise interventions tackling obesity and alcohol use; using new technology; or targeting health behavior among those with serious mental illness.

Our second theme will further investigate issues of transferability across context, with a particular focus on the transferability of parenting interventions to and from resource-poor settings, notably Africa. These first two themes will largely be concerned with interventions that have multiple components and in developing theoretical and empirical evidence of both their effectiveness and their dependence on external factors.

The third theme will focus on complex systems theory and related systems science methods, to develop approaches that comprehensively account for complexity and facilitate a broader conception of the multiple, modifiable influences on population health and health inequalities. This theme will also include a focus on the co-evolution of social networks and health.

Publications

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Bevan Jones R (2018) Psychoeducational interventions in adolescent depression: A systematic review. in Patient education and counseling

 
Description CMO UK Physical Activity Guideline Update_AM (Anne Martin)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
 
Description Consultation response to Scottish Conservative Healthy Lifestyle Strategy: Setting out a long term alternative strategy for Health, Wellbeing and Sport (Stephanie Chalmers)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Healthier Future - Diet and Obesity consultation_AM (Anne Martin)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Involvement at Scottish Government Think-Tank event: Scotland's Futures Forum on obesity prevention by 2020 (Lynsay Matthews)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact Involvement with this think-tank event will influence future policy for obesity prevention by the year 2020.
 
Description Member of the Cross Party Group on Improving Scotlands Health (Sharon Simpson)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Member, Cross-Whitehall Trials Advice Panel
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Response to Personal and Social Education Consultation by Scottish Parliament
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Response to Scottish Government Consultation A Healthier Future ââ'¬â€œ Action and Ambitions on Diet, Activity and Healthy Weight (Stephanie Chalmers)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description UK Government Consultation (Alison Devlin. Danny Wight)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Arthritis Research UK Clinical Studies
Amount £202,752 (GBP)
Funding ID 21395 
Organisation Arthritis Research UK 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 03/2019
 
Description Chief Scientist Office (Sharon Simpson)
Amount £33,455 (GBP)
Organisation Chief Scientist Office 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 08/2018
 
Description Cochrane Review Support Programme: Lifestyle intervention for improvement of school achievement in overweight and obese children and adolescents (Anne Martin)
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Funding ID MC_UU_12017/14 
Organisation The Cochrane Collaboration 
Department UK Cochrane Centre
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2017 
End 01/2018
 
Description ERASMUS-MUNDUS Nova Domus
Amount € 3,159 (EUR)
Funding ID 545700-EM-1-2013-1-ES-ERAMUNDUS-EMA22 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 09/2015 
End 10/2015
 
Description Edinburgh and Lothians Health Foundation Grants Programme
Amount £45,860 (GBP)
Organisation Edinburgh & Lothians Health Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2017 
End 07/2018
 
Description Knowledge, attitudes and current practice of health professionals regarding the use of e-cigarettes and other smoking cessation interventions in cancer survivors.
Amount £45,000 (GBP)
Funding ID C60261/A23877 
Organisation Cancer Research UK 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description MQ Transforming Mental Health
Amount £299,993 (GBP)
Organisation MQ Transforming Mental Health 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 03/2019
 
Description MRC PHIND
Amount £187,451 (GBP)
Organisation Medical Research Council (MRC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2017 
End 07/2018
 
Description NHS Health Scotland Tender - Process evaluation of the implementation of Universal Free School Meals (UFSM) for P1 to P3
Amount £27,000 (GBP)
Organisation NHS Health Scotland 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2015 
End 01/2016
 
Description National Institute for Social Care and Health Research Grant Scheme
Amount £245,994 (GBP)
Organisation Health and Care Research Wales 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2015 
End 09/2017
 
Description Scottish Government Health Department
Amount £27,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 14/182/14 
Organisation Government of Scotland 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2016 
End 12/2018
 
Description Slimming World Research Funding
Amount £72,000 (GBP)
Organisation Slimming World 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2013 
End 06/2016
 
Description Southampton Biomedical Research Centre Seed Grant Scheme
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation Southampton NIHR Biomedical Research Centre in Nutrition 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2016 
End 12/2016
 
Description Systematic review of interventions to improve health, happiness and wellbeing in the transition from adolescence to adulthood
Amount £42,923 (GBP)
Organisation Royal Society of Edinburgh (RSE) 
Sector Learned Society
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2016 
End 08/2016
 
Description Travel Award (Non-clinical/ Health Scientist) received from the Executive team of the Society for Academic Primary Care (SAPC) , July 2016.
Amount £100 (GBP)
Funding ID One off travel award - July 2016 
Organisation Society for Academic Primary Care 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2016 
End 07/2016
 
Title Free School Meals 
Description Data from official Scottish Government sources were used to investigate the hypotheses outlined above. School meals data was obtained from the Scottish Government's Healthy Living Survey (HLS), an annual census of all publicly-funded Scottish schools, collected in a single week in February 2014. The data analysed was collected for 342 schools (with an additional 20 being lost to missing data) and 36,086 pupils. Data on school buildings was obtained via the 2014 School Estates Core Facts Survey in which local authorities collect information on the size, condition, suitability and capacity of all publicly-funded schools. The survey allows for the ongoing monitoring of school refurbishment. The two datasets were linked using school and local authority names as identifiers. An additional explanatory variable was the price paid for a meal. This data was derived by accessing pricing information via local authority or school websites. Official Scottish Government data (Scottish Government, 2014) provided information on the percentage of the population within each local authority falling into one of six categories: Large Urban, Other Urban, accessible Small Towns, Remote Small Towns, Accessible Rural, Remote Rural. We combined 'neighbouring' pairs to reduce this to three categories: Urban, Small Town and Rural. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact None yet 
 
Description Belfast/Glasgow Social Network Analysis Collaboration 
Organisation Queen's University Belfast
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Statistical expertise, paper co-authors
Collaborator Contribution Data custodians, paper co-authors
Impact New collaboration; no outputs as yet. This collaboration involves the drugs and alcohol research network, the institute of child care research v in the department of sociology, social policy v and social work, and the unit. The first of a series of journal v articles is currently in preparation.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Cochrane Review on child healthy weight interventions and cognitive outcomes_AM (Anne Martin) 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Anne Martin led the design, conduct and write up of the Cochrane review update. Anne contributed to searching the literature, study screening and selection, and data extraction and analysis. Anne drafted the manuscript and revised the review upon co-authors', peer-reviewers' and editorial comments.
Collaborator Contribution DHS (PAHRC) and JS (ISPEHS) drafted the review protocol. YL (SCPHRP) screened the titles and abstracts of potentially eligible studies and reports. YL, JNB (Uni Edinburgh), DHS and JS assessed the full report of potentially relevant studies for eligibility, in consensus, with JJR (Uni Strathlcyde) when necessary. JS and DHS obtained full-text translations of non-English language reports. YL and DHS extracted the data. DHS and JNB contributed to the data analysis. JNB provided expert input on the cognitive outcomes and classifications. DHS assessed the risk of bias of included studies. All collaborators reviewed and edited the manuscript.
Impact http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/enhanced/exportCitation/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD009728.pub3
Start Year 2017
 
Description Collaboration initiated by Prof D Wight with IFDAS Scotland for transferability of complex interventions, Case Study 2 (Alison Devlin. Danny Wight). 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Prof D Wight initiated this collaboration. I have been the main researcher on this study (to date) and we have worked to build good relationships with the IFDAS team in Scotland. We are conducting an independent evaluation on the transferability of the San Patrignano Drug Recovery community from Italy to IFDAS in Scotland. Alsoworked to build good relationships with international colleagues within the San Patrignano community and other international colleagues e.g., 'Hope Springs' in Perth, Australia and 'Basta' in Sweden.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners have helped as gatekeepers to research participants and have been working in a supportive partnership, even though we are objective researchers. This partnership has led to other contacts and networks and ideas for future research.
Impact "Outputs or outcomes: Two research presentations (ownership by MRC/ CSO SPHSU).\ Two academic research articles in preparation (ownership by MRC/ CSO SPHSU).\ Ideas for future research (either by MRC/ CSO SPHSU or in partnership): - if appropriate:\ Media analysis of Drugs and Alcohol addiction issues in popular press and social media channels;\ \ School engagement event on Health and Wellbeing related to Drugs and addiction preventive education/ awareness raising, especially with age appropriate films and materials available about San Patrignano.\ \ Training (CPD training for Drugs service/ practitioners in partnership with IFDAS and/ or Recovery Ayr. \ "
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration with Slimming World 
Organisation Slimming World
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We negotiated with Slimming World to pay for half the cost of delivering the intervention to study participants. We have also been awarded funding from Slimming World to for a PhD, this will allow us to complete a longer term follow-up of participants in the study, as well as complete additional qualitative work and exploration of maintenance of weight as well as issues around the impact on the other family members particularly the child.
Collaborator Contribution Slimming World have helped deliver the intervention to study participants as well as recruiting staff to deliver it. They also assisted with training intervention midwives and a member of Slimming World is a collaborator on the Trial Management Group and has had intellectual input into the study.
Impact At present we have not published anything from the study which is still ongoing. The collaboration is muti-disciplinary involving dietetics, psychology, statistics, health economics and medicine.
Start Year 2009
 
Description Cutting Edge:social contagion: An Analysis of Virtual Social Networks in Non-Suicidal Self Injury(Robert Young) 
Organisation University of Ulm
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to design and analysis of social network component of study
Collaborator Contribution Prof Paul Plener, Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist, Ulm University, Martin Fischer, freelance Journalist. David Goldwich, freelance IT engineer. Software design, data collection, qualitative interviews and psychiatric support.
Impact 98, 000 euros grant by volkswagenstiftung. One paper accepted - subject to revision. Psychological medicine. Two further papers in draft. Partnership with Swansea Computer science department . Data Journalism, Newspaper article planned. Workshop/training on Gephi (social network software) given at unit.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Designing an Intervention for Wellbeing of Young Unemployed using the '6SQuID' model.(Professor Daniel Wight) 
Organisation NHS Scotland
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Contribution to workshops using the '6SQuID' model to design intervention. (Professor Daniel Wight).
Collaborator Contribution Collaborative partners who co-authored the '6SQuID' model. These partners were involved in the development of '6SQuID' model.
Impact None at the moment
Start Year 2015
 
Description Developing Computer Visualisation to detect dynamic groups in online networks (Robert Young) 
Organisation Swansea University
Department Swansea University Medical School
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Liaising with German team, providing guidance to match statistical analysis with network visualisations.
Collaborator Contribution Computer Science MSc student (Jamie, Glinn) developing visualisation tools to detect and illustrate dynamic group formation and sequences online behaviours.
Impact MSc Student project -set of visualisation tool for dynamic networks. Two visualisation tools of dynamic network and temporal behaviour patterns in beta stage. Talk on network visualisation methods given at UoG Computer Science Dept.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Evaluating Alcohol MUP in Ireland 
Organisation Queen's University Belfast
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Statistical expertise, topic expertise, writing data requests and funding applications
Collaborator Contribution Liaising with data custodians, writing data requests and fudning applications, analysing data
Impact £10k Enabling research award from NI Public Health Agency Research and development directorate
Start Year 2015
 
Description Healthy Stadia (Stephanie Chalmers) 
Organisation European Healthy Stadia Network
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Expertise and intellectual input
Collaborator Contribution Expertise and intellectual input
Impact "The collaboration with Healthy Stadia focuses on the commercial determinants of health in sports settings. The collaboration has led so far to a:\ Research publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14660970.2018.1425682\ University of Glasgow, College of Social Sciences PhD studentship.\ \ It is a multidisciplinary partnership drawing from public health, sociology and policy."
Start Year 2016
 
Description Participation in the Development of National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) and the Canadian Institute for Health Research (CIHR) Guidance on - the role of context in- complex interventions (Professor Daniel Wight). 
Organisation National Institute for Health Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Research and Development of guidance on Transferability of Complex Interventions across cultures to elucidate the key role of context.
Collaborator Contribution Collaboration across 3 Case studies.
Impact Progress with Case Studies, partnerships formed and research ongoing.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Public Health Evidence Network 
Organisation Glasgow Centre for Population Health
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Laurence Moore is chair of the PHEN steering group. The aim of PHEN is to support the increased use of knowledge and evidence in policy and practice in Scotland through a collaboration that: • Synthesises diverse sources of knowledge and evidence to produce high quality reviews and advice • Increases the reach and impact of member's evidence and the joint reviews Initially through collaborative projects but with a trajectory towards being the 'go to' hub for public health evidence in Scotland. Our scope: Interventions and policies to improve the health and wellbeing of the public and reduce health inequalities
Collaborator Contribution We have worked with partners on specific reviews and knowledge into action activities and the time of the staff from the other partners is a direct in-kind contribution to these outputs.
Impact A number of draft reports, none published yet.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Public Health Evidence Network 
Organisation NHS Health Scotland
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Laurence Moore is chair of the PHEN steering group. The aim of PHEN is to support the increased use of knowledge and evidence in policy and practice in Scotland through a collaboration that: • Synthesises diverse sources of knowledge and evidence to produce high quality reviews and advice • Increases the reach and impact of member's evidence and the joint reviews Initially through collaborative projects but with a trajectory towards being the 'go to' hub for public health evidence in Scotland. Our scope: Interventions and policies to improve the health and wellbeing of the public and reduce health inequalities
Collaborator Contribution We have worked with partners on specific reviews and knowledge into action activities and the time of the staff from the other partners is a direct in-kind contribution to these outputs.
Impact A number of draft reports, none published yet.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Public Health Evidence Network 
Organisation NHS Scotland
Department Healthcare Improvement Scotland
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Laurence Moore is chair of the PHEN steering group. The aim of PHEN is to support the increased use of knowledge and evidence in policy and practice in Scotland through a collaboration that: • Synthesises diverse sources of knowledge and evidence to produce high quality reviews and advice • Increases the reach and impact of member's evidence and the joint reviews Initially through collaborative projects but with a trajectory towards being the 'go to' hub for public health evidence in Scotland. Our scope: Interventions and policies to improve the health and wellbeing of the public and reduce health inequalities
Collaborator Contribution We have worked with partners on specific reviews and knowledge into action activities and the time of the staff from the other partners is a direct in-kind contribution to these outputs.
Impact A number of draft reports, none published yet.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Public Health Evidence Network 
Organisation Scottish Collaboration for Public Health Research and Policy (SCPHRP)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution Laurence Moore is chair of the PHEN steering group. The aim of PHEN is to support the increased use of knowledge and evidence in policy and practice in Scotland through a collaboration that: • Synthesises diverse sources of knowledge and evidence to produce high quality reviews and advice • Increases the reach and impact of member's evidence and the joint reviews Initially through collaborative projects but with a trajectory towards being the 'go to' hub for public health evidence in Scotland. Our scope: Interventions and policies to improve the health and wellbeing of the public and reduce health inequalities
Collaborator Contribution We have worked with partners on specific reviews and knowledge into action activities and the time of the staff from the other partners is a direct in-kind contribution to these outputs.
Impact A number of draft reports, none published yet.
Start Year 2016
 
Description SDF, Curtin & SPHSU Collaboration 
Organisation Scottish Drugs Forum
PI Contribution We have provided expertise on network analysis, statistical methods and substance use research
Collaborator Contribution The Scottish Drugs forum have provided the support of their peer research team for data collection, they have given advice on study documentation and information about current drug use trends. The SDF also sit on project advisory boards for studies and PhD student projects in the Unit.
Impact Alcohol Research UK small grant funding for an N of 1 study around MUP
Start Year 2016
 
Description SPHSU / NHS Health Scotland Complex Systems & Alcohol collaboration 
Organisation NHS Health Scotland
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Following a meeting between SPHSU, SCHRP and Health Scotland, a number of strands of collaborative work around complex systems methods research, and alcohol research are underway. Mark McCann presented at the Health Scotland Inequalities Forum, the observatory and the evaluations team about complexity science in relation to health; and an overview of methods and possibilities for future collaboration. An MRC DTP student in the unit is collaborating on a exceptional training award to analyse data held by Health Scotland in relation to causal inference methods.
Collaborator Contribution Health Scotland provided data on Alcohol sales and deaths, which were used for preliminary analyses presented at the seminar. We are currently drafting an application for a co-funded PhD CASE studentship looking at using Agent Based Models to understand health policy debates among public and decision maker communities. The application for matched funding is currently under consideration.
Impact A series of meetings, seminar presentation, and a funding award from the MRC for an exceptional training scholarship.
Start Year 2016
 
Description The influence of parent and peer social relations on Self-harm among Chinese University students: a pilot study.(Robert Young) 
Organisation Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Contributed to advising on Post graduate Psychologist student project on social network analysis and self-harm among Chinese university.
Collaborator Contribution Provide Post-graduate researcher(s) recourse and material for study.
Impact Student project and UK student Visit.
Start Year 2016
 
Title HelpMeDoIt Intervention (SS) 
Description This is a website and app based on well established behaviour change techniques which is designed to mobilse individuals social network to help them achieve weight loss, increased physical activity or improved diet and help them maintain behaviour changes. 
Type Therapeutic Intervention - Psychological/Behavioural
Current Stage Of Development Early clinical assessment
Year Development Stage Completed 2015
Development Status Under active development/distribution
Clinical Trial? Yes
Impact N/A 
 
Title HelpMeDoIt website and app 
Description We have developed a website and App which is designed to help people to engage individuals in their social network to help them to set goals and lose weight. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact None as yet the app and website are being assessed in the feasibility trial 
 
Description Talk given at the UK Society of Behavioural Medicine conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentations were given at this conference to a mixed audience of researchers and professional public health practitioners. The purpose was to share the methods and initial results of the HelpMeDoIt study with researchers as well as practitioners. The presentations sparked discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 'Sparks' Public and Schools' Engagement Day at Glasgow Science Centre - 'Meet the Expert' for school children visiting Science Centre (STEM focus) 031017 (Alison Devlin. Danny Wight). 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact "Alison Devlin (along with Anna Pearce) participated in the ââ'¬ËœSparksââ'¬â"¢ day at the Glasgow Science Centre on Tuesday 3rd October, 2017. Delivered/ worked with ââ'¬ËœBest Start in Lifeââ'¬â"¢ to engage P6-7 children about the wider social issues related to health. Had also to tie in with a STEM careers sub-theme and raise awareness about Public Health as a career choice.\
See the following link and attached signage projected on the day. Prof J Pell visited briefly with Asha Costigan.\
https://www.glasgowsciencecentre.org/learn/education-experiences/sparks;\
Held discussions with around ~ 60 pupils and their teachers from primary schools from west and central Scotland, Ayrshire, Glasgow and South Lanarkshire. Details of schools recorded. Evaluation sheets collected from pupils. The pupils reported thinking more deeply about social and health issues. Contact at Glasgow Science Centre: Laura McNamara very keen to build our partnership working together on such events in future. Keen to keep in touch with the Unit and to build partnership working.\
\
"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description A new approach to public health improvement research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation to Scottish Governemnt Chief Medical Officer's Directorate CPD session
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Basic Income Steering Group (Eric Silverman) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation and discussion on agent-based modelling techniques with a joint working group including representatives of four local authorities ââ'¬â€œ Fife, North Ayrshire, Glasgow and Edinburgh ââ'¬â€œ and NHS Health Scotland. The working group is developing plans to institute local pilots of basic minimum income in Scotland. The presentation and discussion covered agent-based modelling as a methodology and its possible specific application to investigating the impact of basic minimum income on health and social care demand. The attendees have since asked us for further information on the approach and have expressed an interest in developing agent-based simulations as part of their policy development process.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Bipolar Support Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk sparked lost of questions and discussion afterwards about challenges of maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

I was invited to talk at other Bipolar Support Groups in Glasgow and beyond
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Closing the disability employment gap: Independent Living Show Scotland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation as part of two day two-day conference programme, led by thought-leaders and practioners, to offer Scottish healthcare professionals the chance to network with fellow professionals, update on the issues and challenges they face in their day-to-day lives and gain valuable CPD.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.independentlivingscotland.org/node/1583
 
Description Delivered a 4 day course at the University of Bergen entitled "Design, management, conduct and reporting of empirical research studies" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The aim was to deliver a course on the "Design, management, conduct and reporting of empirical research studies" to postgraduate students at the University of Bergen to increase their knowledge and understanding of the above and give them some useful tools relevant to their PhD as well as to prepare them for their future research careers. Seven students attended. There were a lot of discussions and questions and students have taken some of the tools and knowledge and applied this in their PhDs. The course received excellent feedback.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Delivered a 4 day course at the University of Bergen entitled "Interdisciplinary perspectives on modifiable social influences on behaviour" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The aim was to deliver a course on the "Interdisciplinary perspectives on modifiable social influences on behaviour" to postgraduate students at the University of Bergen to increase their knowledge and understanding of the above, to get them to think about the importance of social influences on behaviour and to help equip them for their future research careers. Seven students attended. There were a lot of discussions and questions and students have taken some of the tools and knowledge and applied this in their PhDs. The course received excellent feedback.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Digital and Online Technologies Presentation, Westminster Social Policy Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Presentation at the Westminster Social Policy Framework. This provided an overview of issues and opportunities related to social media and sexting and discussed the STASH intervention as an approach to addressing the issues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description ESRC Festival of Social Science (FoSS) Sat 12th November 2016, Public Engagement Activity on "How to Build a Child". Held at "The Barras" in Glasgow. "The Barras" is a market of socio-cultural significance in the East end of Glasgow 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Related to social determinants of Health: Economy. Environment, Family; siblings, parents grandparents, etc. Dr. Alison Devlin participated due to her interest in these issues in particular in relation to aspects of Parenting that can help towards thinking about general public's engagement with Parenting interventions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.gla.ac.uk/news/headline_499644_en.html;
 
Description European Researchers Night Explorathon at the Glasgow Science Centre 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Did a public engagement activity for adults which got participants to reflect on the social influences on their behaviours. We also told both adults and children about the study.
The adults drew out a sociogram which is a graphical representation of your social network, which can capture things like whether people are helpful, age, gender etc. This task helped them think about how individuals in their network might influence their decision making about lifestyle issues
Children did a task which involved them designing an app to get their friends more active.
The engagement activity sparked discussion and increased awareness of how apps and your social circle can influence your lifestyle.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Exploring Interactive Digital Interventions Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on the development of the STASH intervention was delivered to around 50 sexual health practitioners at a day conference focusing on the use of digital technology in sexual health interventions. This allowed us to raise awareness of the research within a key group of practitioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Festival of Social Science (Susan Browne) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Festival of Social Science 2017 Ikea event. Best Start in Life activity. Intended to promote discussion and awareness of early years research taking place at SPHSU.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Glasgow Science Centre 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact The HelpMeDoIt study team contributed to the 'Engage Science' event at the Glasgow Science Centre on 5th February 2016.
The aim of the event was to engage school children in careers in science.
We shared information on the HelpMeDoIt study and discussed with school children (n=30) how technology can be used to improve health via the use of smartphone apps. We asked the children to come up with ideas for their own 'healthy apps'. They shared creative ideas for key app features which the study team took on board for future research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Independence fro Drugs and Alcohol Scotland (IFDAS) Annual General Meeting , Thursday 18th February 2016, Italian Consulate, 32 Melville Street, Edinburgh EH3 7HA. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Attended and took notes at the Annual Business Meeting of Independence form Drugs and Alcohol Scotland (IFDAS).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Interview for national news (Anne Martin) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Press release put out in The Times based on Cochrane review on healthy-weight intervention and improvements in cognitive and school outcomes. Twitter announcement of publication with preceded the press release. In total the publications received 41 tweets and retweets.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited participant to Holyrood magazine's childhood obesity event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I was invited to speak on food marketing to children to an audience of mainly school senior managers organised through Holyrood Magazine. I took part in an expert panel discussion after this talk with the audience. An article was written up after this event broadening the reach of its audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.holyrood.com/articles/feature/energy-energy-out-tackling-childhood-obesity
 
Description Lecture - University of Ottawa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact I presented to Undergraduate Interdisciplinary Health Sciences students on a visit to the University of Ottawa on the role of grandparents in promoting healthy behaviours in their grandchildren. Students were unfamiliar with the Scottish context, and of the impact of grandparents and reported that their knowledge had increased as a result of the lecture.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Member of the DWP and Dept of Health Expert Advisory Group for Work and Health Westminster 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Attendance at meetings, Presentation to Damian Green Secretary of State for Work and Pensions and Penny Mordaunt Minister for Disabled People
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/consultations/work-health-and-disability-improving-lives/work-health-a...
 
Description Multiple interviews for national and international news (Stephanie Chalmers) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press release put out on paper investigating grandparents influence on their grandchildren's risk factors for cancer. Received coverage in over 40 news publications, 15 radio interviews carried out, 3 blogs written in response, 95 tweets from 86 users, with an upper bound of 173,482 followers. Coverage of research was international in reach including the US, Canada, Australia, Japan, and Spain.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description NIHR Blog for the HelpMeDoIt study 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The aim of the blog was to reflect on the use of smartphone apps and also to make people aware of the study. Some people have contacted us who were interested in taking part in the study and finding out more.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.nihr.ac.uk/blogs/using-smartphone-apps-for-weight-loss-thoughts-from-the-helpmedoit-study...
 
Description Participated in a Workshop held by the UK Evaluation Society , Scottish Network on Case Study Evaluation on 15th September 2016, at The Cube, Edinburgh. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Related to Case Study evaluation across cultural settings and so related to Case Study 1 of the Transferability of complex interventionds within the complexity in Health improvememnt programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.evaluation.org.uk/
 
Description Participated in the Scottish Health Action on Alcohol Problems (SHAAP) one day interdisciplinary symposium 'How do different disciplines talk about alcohol and how can we work better together?' on 22nd April 2016 in the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh. In partnership with the BSA Alcohol Study Group. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Related to transferability of complex interventions in Complexity in Health Improvement Programme. Case Study 2.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.shaap.org.uk/
 
Description Participated in the Independence from Drugs and Alcohol Scotland (IFDAS) Annual Business Meeting held at the Italian Consulate (Edinburgh), 18th February 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact This was a "by Invitation only" event to Professor Daniel Wight PI/ Leader (& Dr. Alison Devlin/ Researcher) in the Transferability of Complex Interventions within the Complexity in Health Improvement Programme. Stakeholder event related to Case Study 2 on transferability of complex interventions within Complexity in Health Improvement programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.ifdas.net/board-of-directors/
 
Description Participation in discussion panel on Schools and self-harm at Irish Self-harm conference, Dublin.(Robert Young) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited participant in interactive panel debate, discussion and Q&A session on how schools can help pupils who self-harm. Participants were teachers, school nurses, head teachers and general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.eventbrite.ie/e/self-harm-conference-tickets;
 
Description Presentation at the Digital Health and Wellbeing conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The presentations were given at this digital health conference to a mixed audience of researchers, public health practitioners and industry. The purpose was to share the methods and initial results of the HelpMeDoIt study with researchers, industry as well as practitioners. The presentations sparked discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Press coverage about parental monitoring and adolescent drinking 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Press release and subsequent radio and press interviews about a paper published in addiction regarding parenting and adolescent drinking. The story was covered by the Belfast Telegraph, Courier Advertiser, Coventry Telegraph, Metro, Herald, Daily Record, Scotsman, The Scottish Sun, Yahoo News, and Radio Clyde.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Press release, interviews for national news, research featured in 73 news outlets (Stephanie Chalmers) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press release based on research on football shirt sponsorship and gambling. Picked up by 73 news outlets; 70 tweets from 42 users, with an upper bound of 111,968 followers, 1 blog.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Public Engagement: Glasgow Science Centre - SS 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Engagement event at Glasgow Science Centre to engage school children with careers in science. We discussed the HelpMeDoIt study with them and asked them to come up with creative ideas on how to make health apps fun for children.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Public engagement: Bipolar Scotland Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Patients, carers and/or patient groups
Results and Impact Event describing my research to tackle lifestyle issues in people with serious mental health issues. Group discussion on the challenges of weight change in this group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Public engagement: Bipolar Scotland Group - SS 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Patients, carers and/or patient groups
Results and Impact Event describing my research to tackle lifestyle issues in people with serious mental health issues. Group discussion on the challenges of weight change in this group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description STASH Expert panel 2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The expert panel met to reflect on the pilot of the STASH intervention and to provide insight into what changes should be made prior to the exploratory phase of the trial. The session focused on increasing the reach and relevance of the intervention through three parallel workshop activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description STASH expert panel 1 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The expert panel met to discuss the development of the STASH intervention. The session adopted a workshop approach with experts being asked to comment on the various aspects of the intervention, including the topics, content and recruitment strategy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description School Visit (South Lanarkshire) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Stephanie Chambers visited four classrooms in a local school to tell them about the research with children and young people that is being undertaken as part of her fellowship. This included telling them about the different ways that Stephanie has collected information from children on food and health. She took part in a Q&A activity after each of the four talks with the children. Feedback from teachers was that the children were engaged (concluded from the extensive questions asked) and had gained insight into an area they knew little about.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Scottish Drugs Forum Board of Trustees 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Mark McCann was invited to sit of the board of trustees for the Scottish Drugs Forum to give input on academic research in the drugs field. He attends quarterly meetings and the AGM to advise and vote on strategic direction for SDF.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Scottish Drugs and Alcohol Cross Party Parliamentary Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/parliamentarians
Results and Impact Discussion of the evaluation of Scotland's alcohol strategy, the Minimum Unit Pricing legislation European court case, and the recent Global Alcohol Policy conference. The discussion afterwards focussed on what efforts members of the group could do to influence the TTIP legislation and the risks such agreements pose to public health.

After the event, I was invited to the Scottish Drugs Forum to discuss research relating to Novel Psychoactive Substances
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/msps/41360.aspx
 
Description Stakeholder workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop on stakeholders' experiences of working with grandparents to promote child health.
Purpose was to engage with practitioners with the aim of developing an intervention in this area. Participants provided a number of ideas for future funding proposals.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Talk and poster given at the International Congress of Behavioural Medicine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentations were given at this behavioural medicine conference to a mixed audience of researchers, third sector organisations and professional public health practitioners. The purpose was to share the methods and initial results of the HelpMeDoIt study with researchers as well as practitioners. The presentations sparked discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Talk and poster given at the Sunbelt Social Network Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentations were given at this social network conference to a mixed audience of researchers and professional public health practitioners. The purpose was to share the methods and initial results of the HelpMeDoIt study with social network researchers as well as practitioners. The presentations sparked discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description UK Society for Behavioural Medicine Conference 2015 (2 x posters) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Our study team presented two conference posters: (i) our HelpMeDoIt study protocol; and (ii) findings from our stage 1 intervention development.
The majority of the audience were academic researchers working in behavioural medicine, in addition to some professional practitioners and under/postgraduate students.
We presented both posters and engaged in numerous discussions with conference attendees. Discussions focused on the potential of using smartphones apps for lifestyle behavoiur change. Several researchers took our contact details with a view to exploring similar opportunities in their own institutions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Webinar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact In October 2015 I was invited to give a webinar presentation by the Heart and Stroke Foundation (Canada) and the Childhood Obesity Foundation. The webinar series is available to listeners internationally, with Canadian advocacy groups and policy makers the main audience for its output.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://childhoodobesityfoundation.ca/videos/
 
Description Workshop: 6SQuID HIV testing 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Working with practitioners and researchers to develop intervention for family HIV testing, South Africa
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://jech.bmj.com/content/early/2015/11/15/jech-2015-205952.full?sid=bf9e8c7c-613b-4536-9b54-782ee...
 
Description Written response to House of Commons Select Committee for Work and Health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Submission to House of Commons Select Committee Work and Health
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201617/cmselect/cmworpen/56/56.pdf
 
Description Young People Advisory Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The Young People Advisory Group was held with a group of young people attending a third sector organisation. We met with a group of volunteers to discuss their views on being a peer supporter in a school setting. The young people were asked questions about their thoughts on the acceptability of the concept and what topics they think would be useful within such an intervention.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Young People Panels Stage 1 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact We held youth panels with fourth year (14-16 years) students in two schools in Scotland. The session focused on their experiences of school based sex education, the issues they would like to see addressed by our project, and appopriate language and terminology. We presented some of our initial ideas for the project for input and discussion about relevance and acceptability.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Young People Panels Stage 2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact We returned to the same two schools participating at stage one to present drafts of the intervention content. Participants viewed the materials and gave their views on relevance, appeal and acceptability. They gave suggestions as to how we might improve the intervention content and approaches.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016