Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency of health Research: The EQUATOR Network

Lead Research Organisation: Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust
Department Name: Centre for Statisics in Medicine

Abstract

Every year scientific journals publish tens of thousands of articles describing findings from health research studies. However, readers and users of these articles, who include scientists, clinicians, systematic reviewers, and increasingly also patients, find many of these articles very difficult or impossible to use: many articles do not present enough information, present only selected information, or present information in a very unclear and misleading way. All this makes many papers unusable. The effort and money devoted to the research described in such an unsatisfactory manner is wasted.
A simple solution to improve the completeness, accuracy and clarity of research papers is to follow reporting guidelines. Many guidelines exist that provide step by step guidance of what should be addressed in a paper reporting on a particular type of health research. These guidelines have been developed from the users' perspective and guide authors to provide minimum information a user needs to assess how well was the study done, to decide if the findings are relevant to his/her own work, and if needed to reproduce the study (ie. what was actually done and to whom, what was assessed and how, how were these findings analysed, and what they actually mean in the context of other similar studies). Although many good guidelines exist they are still not widely known and used by health scientists. Recent reviews of publications consistently show that essential information is missing from a large proportion of research articles.

In this time of massive information overload it is important to have a single good quality resource where you can easily find all relevant information you need. In 2008, we launched the EQUATOR programme that aims to enhance the quality and transparency of health research. One of the most important outputs of this programme is a free online Library for Health Research Reporting that brings together all published reporting guidelines and other helpful tools that aid the writing and publication of research reports and thus improve the information provided to readers.
The EQUATOR team educates scientist and journal editors, who play a key role in safeguarding the quality of published papers, to increase their knowledge of what should be included in research papers and how best to achieve it.
EQUATOR also helps scientists to develop high quality reporting guidelines and conducts research investigating problems in research reporting.

Our proposal outlines specific deliverables and activities for the next three years that will further advance the programme. The main outputs include: improved structure and content of our Library; development of unique EQUATOR 'signature' courses supporting rigorous research reporting; compilation of a manual for the development of robust reporting guidelines; a research report summarising the use of reporting guidelines by selected priority journals; and a database of evaluations of reporting quality of scientific papers across health research specialties.

Medical journals publish large numbers of research reports that are of limited value because of crucial omissions. This waste is avoidable. The EQUATOR website and training can be compared to a well stocked and well promoted supermarket where you can get everything you need to write and publish first class research papers. The knowledge of what needs to be included in research papers that are clear and easy to use also improves the design of future research studies. Our work helps to improve usability and usefulness of published medical research and helps scientists to become outstanding research communicators.

Technical Summary

The EQUATOR Network is an international initiative that seeks to improve the reliability and value of the published health research literature by promoting transparent and accurate reporting. The main focus of our activities is to support scientists, editors, and peer reviewers in writing and publishing well reported research studies that are easy to appraise and use in further research, clinical practice and policy-making. Indirectly, EQUATOR supports the improvement of the design and conduct of future research studies.
The EQUATOR Network developed a unique online Library for Health Research Reporting that pulls together all guidelines for reporting health research studies. We promote rigorous research reporting, introduce available reporting guidelines, and support their use through a wide range of activities. Our research programme informs all aspects of the EQUATOR work, such as further Library development, teaching activities, and assisting in the development of new reporting guidelines. Examples of our recent projects include a systematic review of reporting guidelines; a survey of reporting guideline developers; publication of guidance on how to develop reporting guidelines; a survey of journals' instructions to authors and peer reviewers (ongoing); and development of a tool assessing the quality of reporting guidelines (ongoing).

The EQUATOR Network is seeking continuation of its MRC financial support for the period of 2011 - 2014 to further advance its programme. This proposal outlines specific deliverables and activities for the next three years. The main outputs include:
- Upgraded online Library for Health Research Reporting
- First two of the EQUATOR 'signature' courses (for methodology editors; for research students)
- Manual for the development of reporting guidelines
- Research report summarising the use of reporting guidelines by journals
- Database of evaluations of reporting quality across health research specialties

Planned Impact

The work of EQUATOR increases the usability of available research evidence which facilitates its better translation into practice. Our work supports the work of organisations like the Cochrane Collaboration in the development of systematic reviews and NICE in the development of clinical practice guidelines. EQUATOR also helps research funders maximise the utility of new information arising from the research they fund.

Since its launch three and half years ago the EQUATOR website has attracted 165,000 visits (around 115,000 unique visitors) from almost all countries in the world. The use of our resources is constantly increasing (in May 2011 we had almost 7,000 visits). Reference to EQUATOR and reporting guidelines is included in the most used and required guidance for preparing biomedical manuscripts developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, and in many journals' instructions to authors, including the world's leading medical journals such as the Lancet, JAMA, BMJ, etc..

Currently much research reporting is inadequate. Reporting guidelines are important and effective tools for achieving high standards in reporting health studies. In order to reach their potential, reporting guidelines need to be implemented widely and routinely by researchers, authors, editors and peer reviewers. Availability of easily accessible robust guidelines, awareness of their existence and knowledge on how to use them facilitates their use. The EQUATOR Network can substantially contribute to the prevention of poor reporting and introduction of best reporting practice by leading a global collaboration between the research and publishing communities. This effort needs to be strongly supported by research funders and regulatory bodies.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Citation and endorsement of reporting guidelines and EQUATOR by editorial organisations and journals
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Improved research reporting skills in researchers, peer reviewers and journal editors result in more reliable health research information that can be better translated into effective patient care. Accurate, complete and transparent research reporting also minimises waste that occurs when research publications cannot be used further.
 
Description Citation of resources developed by our group by a number journals, research institutions, and funders
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://www.consort-statement.org/about-consort/impact-of-consort
 
Description Collaboration with the Health Research Authority to improve transparency of health research
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Membership of Cochrane Consumer Executive Group
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Caroline Struthers served on the Cochrane Consumer Executive Committee with the aim of increasing the meaningful participation of patients and the public in Cochrane systems and governance. She highlighted the shortcomings of the current research literature, particularly in its accessibility to patients and the public. She advocated for the re-framing of of systematic reviews containing few and/or poor quality studies to be used explicitly to generate methodolgically high quality protocols for new primary research, using the SPIRIT reporting guidelines.
URL http://consumers.cochrane.org/
 
Description Oxford Health/Oxford University Department of Psychiatry Patients and Research (PAR) Group: Shaping how we involve patients, carers & the public in mental health research
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://www.oxfordhealth.nhs.uk/research/about-research/participate
 
Description Peer Review Policy on Cochrane Reviews - Advisory Group
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Caroline Struthers served on the Cochrane peer review policy advisory group, where she shaped Cochrane peer review policy. She worked particularly in the acknowledgement of the role of patient and public peer reviewers at earlier review stages, such as protocols
URL http://community-archive.cochrane.org/editorial-and-publishing-policy-resource/peer-review
 
Description People are messy: Play about public involvement in resesearch
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact The play toured UK schools and there were also several public performances. A couple of reviews indicate the potential of the play to increase awareness of the value of public involvement in research Maneesh Juneja: Digital Health Futurist, MJ Analytics I just wanted to say that seeing the play was simply wonderful. There were two very high profile events in London this week, both talking about putting patients first, which didn't actually do that (no patients involved in curating the event, and no patients speaking on stage). One was at Nesta, the other was at City Hall, supported by the Mayor's office. Both left me feeling very sad that the focus seemed to be on the needs of the healthcare system, not the patients. So, People are Messy, and finding out about the amazing work you are doing in PPI was a much needed antidote, and gave me hope that there are organisations that truly understand what is needed in this country and beyond. I've never considered theatre as a mechanism for change in research until I saw People are Messy. Tony Stroker: Head of Drama, The Oratory School, Reading I would just like to say that we were thrilled with the show - the boys were gripped by the whole thing and have told me how much they enjoyed it; live theatre at its best. The interactive voting is a great idea and very effectively engaged the audience in the issues being explored. It was a powerful and compelling experience for everyone there. I am so glad that we were able to get 'People are Messy' on at the Oratory School. Please pass on my thanks to the cast for their superb performances. If there are any future productions from the Theatre of Debate please consider the Oratory School for a performance - we would be delighted to welcome you back.
URL http://theatreofdebate.co.uk/PeopleareMessy/PeopleareMessy.html
 
Description TRIP Database - Advisory Board
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Caroline Struthers served on the TRIP Database Advisory Board, where she raised awareness of how users of an information service based on literature alone can be affected by poor quality research, badly reported research, and publication bias.
URL https://www.facebook.com/groups/409961695786966/
 
Description CSO Grant
Amount £15,000 (GBP)
Organisation Chief Scientist Office 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2009 
End 03/2012
 
Description Health Research Authority - collaboration
Amount £160,000 (GBP)
Organisation NHS Health Research Authority 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2014 
End 03/2016
 
Description NIHR Grant
Amount £240,000 (GBP)
Organisation National Institute for Health Research 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2010 
End 03/2013
 
Description NIHR Health Technology Assessment
Amount £117,000 (GBP)
Organisation National Institute for Health Research 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 03/2017
 
Description National Institute for Innovation and Improvement Grant
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation NHS England 
Department NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2008 
End 04/2009
 
Description Pan American Health Organization support
Amount $9,000 (USD)
Organisation Pan American Health Organization 
Sector Public
Country United States
Start 05/2013 
End 06/2014
 
Title Complete redesign of our online toolkits pages 
Description We have completely redeveloped our online toolkits to provide better and more efficent help for researchers, students and journals editors in publishing health research 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Research toolkits are one of the most accessed pages on our website. For example the Writing research toolkit was only launched in late 2016, but has already been accessed 2,000 times. 
URL http://www.equator-network.org/toolkits/
 
Title EQUATOR Decision Tree - Electronic tool for effective selection of appropriate reporting guidelines 
Description The EQUATOR Decision Tree was developed in collaboration with Penelope Research. This tool helps researchers to identify the appropriate reporting guideline for their study. It has been made available online in a graphical format, and is also used to power the EQUATOR wizard. The decision tree and wizard initially developed in 2016, then were updated in 2018 after a pilot study. The updated decision tree includes more reporting guidelines, including reporting guidelines for protocols. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Based on website analytics data, about 20% of EQUATOR Network website users use the EQUATOR Decision Tree. A tweet sharing the Tree as an image was seen by 12,000 people. The Tree was updated in 2018 based on comments gathered from users, such as from Twitter, and through a pilot study of the Wizard by BMC. The EQUATOR Decision Tree has been used as the basis for the EQUATOR Wizard, an online application helping researchers to find the right reporting guideline by answering a series of questions. 
URL http://www.equator-network.org/toolkits/selecting-the-appropriate-reporting-guideline/
 
Title Tookits 
Description Collection of materials that help in promoting and implementing guidance provided in our Library for Health Research Reporting. Toolkits focus on key user groups: - researchers (authors) - editors and peer reviewers - reporting guideline developers - teachers - librarians and information specialists 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The toolkits section is currently under development, with many new tools being added. 
URL http://www.equator-network.org/toolkits/
 
Title EQUATOR Librarian Network web page 
Description Web page with resources aimed at highlighting current international issues regarding research reporting, research waste and reproducibility, with the aim of encouraging biomedical librarians to take action to help address these issues amongst the clinicians and researchers with whom they work. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact We have seen increased awareness and activity amongst biomedical librarians regarding issues of biomedical research reporting, research waste, and reproducibility, from 2016 till present (2019). We regulary receive email requests to join the EQUATOR Librarian Network. 
URL http://www.equator-network.org/librarians/
 
Title EQUATOR Reporting Guideline database 
Description Regularly updated comprehensive database of published reporting guidelines for reporting biomedical research for publication. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Journals/publishers increasingly ask authors to check our database before submission and provide links to the EQUATOR database. Authors increasingly contact us to ask which reporting guideline they should use to report their particular study. 
URL http://www.equator-network.org/reporting-guidelines/
 
Title EQUATOR collection of reporting guidelines by specialty 
Description Web page that brings together all currently available reporting guidelines arranged by specialty to help researchers and clinicians to more quickly and easily find reporting guidelines relevant their research. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This collection provides a more accessible way to access reporting guidelines relevant to particular specialties. 
URL http://www.equator-network.org/library/browse-reporting-guidelines-by-specialty/
 
Title EQUATOR reporting guideline translations page 
Description Regularly updated web page that brings together all currently available translations of reporting guidelines. In 2017/2018, it included 115 links to translations of reporting guidelines, E&E papers, checklists and flow diagrams in 16 languages. In 2018/2019, it included 124 links to translations of reporting guidelines, E&E papers, checklists and flow diagrams in 17 languages. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Regular contact from authors/translators requesting that guideline translations be added to this page or enquiring if they could be given permission to translate particular reporting guidelines. 
URL http://www.equator-network.org/library/translations-of-reporting-guidelines/
 
Title Library for Health Research Reporting: Database of research reporting guidelines 
Description Our Library for Health Research Reporting is a fully searchable coded database of reporting guidelines publications and other resources that facilitate the responsible publication of health related research. The database is regularly updated and now contains approximately 400 reporting guidelines. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The database is hosted online on the EQUATOR website. It is frequently visited and used by users from all around the world (38,000 per month to the website, and constantly rising). It can and has been used as a resource for identifying available reporting guidelines and for conducting research into the development of these guidelines, their impact, or gaps in their availability. Journals/publishers increasingly ask authors to check our database before submission and provide links to the EQUATOR database. Authors increasingly contact us to ask which reporting guideline they should use to report their particular study, and often let us know afterwards if their research papers were successfully published following their enquiry to us for advice. 
URL http://www.equator-network.org/reporting-guidelines/
 
Title Reporting guidelines under development registry 
Description Web page that brings together details about reporting guidelines that are currently under development. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The resources has helped to avoid duplication of guideline development. Potential developers often check this page and check in with us before starting the development process. When protocols are published, some authors include a link to the entry for their guideline under development on our registrations page. We have seen increased awareness within the research community of the existence of our regisry, with requests for registration rising. 
URL http://www.equator-network.org/library/reporting-guidelines-under-development/
 
Description Australian EQUATOR Centre 
Organisation Bond University
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution One of the goals of the EQUATOR Network is to achieve global presence to support responsible research reporting efficiently. In 201 we started setting up centres in other countries. EQUATOR team based in the UK (HQ of the Network) supports teams in other countries and collaborates on various projects including research studies and organisation of conferences, meetings and workshops.
Collaborator Contribution EQUATOR Centres work together to promote responsible reporting of health research studies. Centre members collaborate on research projects, teaching and promotion activities.
Impact 1. Launch meeting 2. Elaine Beller of the Australian Centre joined the 2016 EQUATOR Publication School as a facilitator 3. The Australian Centre has run a short, 2-day version of the EQUATOR Publication School (December 2016), using their experiences of the EQUATOR Publication School in Oxford.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Canadian EQUATOR Centre 
Organisation Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution One of the goals of the EQUATOR Network is to achieve global presence to support responsible research reporting efficiently. In 2014 we started setting up centres in other countries. EQUATOR team based in the UK (HQ of the Network) supports teams in other countries and collaborates on various projects including research studies and organisation of conferences, meetings and workshops.
Collaborator Contribution EQUATOR Centres work together to promote responsible reporting of health research studies. Centre members collaborate on research projects, teaching and promotion activities.
Impact Conference, teaching collaboration
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration with the Health Research Authority, UK 
Organisation NHS Health Research Authority
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution The EQUATOR Network reviewed guidance on titles of research projects to propose recommendations to improve the clarity of titles of research proposals submitted to the Health Research Authority for ethical approval. The EQUATOR Network has undertaken public consultations on the HRA's behalf on steps that the HRA can take to promote good publication practice to improve transparency.
Collaborator Contribution Practical implementation of proposed recommendations
Impact 1. Study report on titles of research projects submitted to the Health Research Authority, UK 2. Public survey conducted by the EQUATOR Network on proposed changes to IRAS question A51, to promote good research dissemination practices.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Collaboration with the Pan American Health Organization to raise standards of health research reporting in the Pan American regions 
Organisation Pan American Health Organization
Department PAHO Research Promotion and Development
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The main aim of the collaboration is to raise research reporting standards in South America. The initial phase of this collaboration was a translation of the EQUATOR Network's online Library for Health Research Reporting into Spanish. EQUATOR team members developed and maintain our Library, and produce regular newsletters that are now being translated into Spanish under this collaboration. We also heavily contribute to the direct and indirect dissemination of our work to South American journal editors. EQUATOR's Caroline Struthers, Jennifer de Beyer and Iveta Simera wrote and edited a significant proportion of a four-module online course on enhancing the value and use of research, which was published on the PAHO's CITI Training Platform in June 2017. EQUATOR's Michael Schlussel contributed a Portuguese promotional video.
Collaborator Contribution PAHO has contributed translations, dissemination contacts and practical help with dissemination of the outputs of our collaborative work. PAHO contributed organisational, authorship, editorial and translation expertise to create a four-module online course on enhancing the value and use of research. PAHo translated the modules into Spanish and Portuguese and made them available on its Virtual Campus alongside the English version.
Impact Spanish translation of the English EQUATOR Network website that hosts the online Library for Health Research Reporting. Portuguese translation of the English EQUATOR Network website that hosts the online Library for Health Research Reporting. Regular Spanish EQUATOR Newsletters Promotion campaign targetting South American health research journals Iveta Simera presented at the 4th University Internationalization Seminar organised by PAHO, the Organisation of American States and COIMBRA Group for high representatives of Brazilian Universities in 2016. In 2017, four published online modules were made available via the CITI Program in English, Portguguese and Spanish. The modules are also freely available to all PAHO-supported scholars via the PAHO Virtual Campus. Promotional videos in English, Portuguese and Spanish were also created. (https://www.campusvirtualsp.org/en)
Start Year 2010
 
Description EQUATOR Network / African Journal Partnership Project 
Organisation African Journal Partnership Program
Country Unknown 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The EQUATOR Network provides training and resources on research publication and reporting guidelines
Collaborator Contribution The African Journal Partnership Project implements resources and reporting guidelines in African journals.
Impact A workshop was conducted with the Partnership in Malawi in 2015, resulting in changes in participating journals' policies.
Start Year 2015
 
Description French EQUATOR Centre 
Organisation University of Paris - Descartes
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution One of the goals of the EQUATOR Network is to achieve global presence to support responsible research reporting efficiently. In 201 we started setting up centres in other countries. EQUATOR team based in the UK (HQ of the Network) supports teams in other countries and collaborates on various projects including research studies and organisation of conferences, meetings and workshops.
Collaborator Contribution EQUATOR Centres work together to promote responsible reporting of health research studies. Centre members collaborate on research projects, teaching and promotion activities.
Impact 1. Meetings. For example, Doug Altman was invited to speak at the University of Paris Descartes in 2016 about the quality of methods and reporting in the medical research literature. 2. Research collaboration 3. Teaching
Start Year 2014
 
Description Global Health Network, University of Oxford 
Organisation University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaborative development of online learning, promoting online resources to improve publication of research
Collaborator Contribution Collaborative development of online learning, promoting online resources to improve publication of research
Impact Online learning module: Introduction to responsible publication of clinical research
Start Year 2013
 
Description GoodReports Template project 
Organisation Manuscripts.App Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution This collaboration grew out of an existing collaboration with Penelope Research (Penelope Research Scientific Manuscript Review Software and EQUATOR Wizard). Three EQUATOR members are on Penelope Research's advisory board. The EQUATOR Network's Caroline Struthers has built a matrix that integrates and harmonises all of items from 16 main reporting guidelines and extensions for clinical research. This matrix will make it much easier for authors of research articles to identify and use all available reporting guidance relevant to their research at the point of writing it up, without having to find and use several separate documents.
Collaborator Contribution Both collaborators bring software development expertise to the collaboration. Manuscriptsapp.com have produced an article writing tool. As part of their product, they have created a database of journal reporting requirements to help authors tailor the formatting and style of their articles to fulfil the requirements of their target journal. Manuscriptsapp.com and Penelope Research are working together to develop open-source software that can combine journal requirements and guidance from reporting guidelines to improve the quality of the articles submitted to journals. The team has integrated the Penelope/EQUATOR Wizard for finding the correct reporting guideline with the matrix created by EQUATOR to create the GoodReports web app, which displays the appropriate online fillable reporting checklist for an author's study. Authors can either annotate where in their manuscript they have reported each checklist item online, or download the blank checklist in Word and fill it in offline. The filled checklist can then be submitted to a journal alongside the manuscript. The EQUATOR wizard and online checklist generator has also been integrated into the Penelope software and the entire package is being piloted by BMJ Open. Authors submitting a manuscript to BMJ Open are given the option to use the Penelope software, EQUATOR Wizard, and GoodReports checklist generator. Data will be collected on the quality of manuscripts submitted to BMJ Open and whether and how the offered software was used.
Impact The GoodReports web app, including the updated wizard and online reporting guideline generator, has been available since January 2018. It can be accessed independently from the EQUATOR website and as part of the Penelope manuscript checking software. BMJ Open is piloting GoodReports as part of the full Penelope package in its submission process. As of March 2018, GoodReports has had 533 users with most of the traffic coming from the EQUATOR website or the BMJ author submission site. A third of the users have downloaded a blank or completed checklist. Penelope has generated an email survey to ask for feedback from users. Eleven people have responded so far, with eight rating the app it 8/10 or above. BMJOpen will give us access to a batch of finally submitted manuscripts in March 2018 to allow us to compare the quality of manuscripts submitted by authors who used GoodReports with those who didn't. This multidisciplinary collaboration combines the software development skills of Penelope Research and Manuscriptsapp with EQUATOR Network's expertise in good reporting.
Start Year 2016
 
Description GoodReports Template project 
Organisation Penelope Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution This collaboration grew out of an existing collaboration with Penelope Research (Penelope Research Scientific Manuscript Review Software and EQUATOR Wizard). Three EQUATOR members are on Penelope Research's advisory board. The EQUATOR Network's Caroline Struthers has built a matrix that integrates and harmonises all of items from 16 main reporting guidelines and extensions for clinical research. This matrix will make it much easier for authors of research articles to identify and use all available reporting guidance relevant to their research at the point of writing it up, without having to find and use several separate documents.
Collaborator Contribution Both collaborators bring software development expertise to the collaboration. Manuscriptsapp.com have produced an article writing tool. As part of their product, they have created a database of journal reporting requirements to help authors tailor the formatting and style of their articles to fulfil the requirements of their target journal. Manuscriptsapp.com and Penelope Research are working together to develop open-source software that can combine journal requirements and guidance from reporting guidelines to improve the quality of the articles submitted to journals. The team has integrated the Penelope/EQUATOR Wizard for finding the correct reporting guideline with the matrix created by EQUATOR to create the GoodReports web app, which displays the appropriate online fillable reporting checklist for an author's study. Authors can either annotate where in their manuscript they have reported each checklist item online, or download the blank checklist in Word and fill it in offline. The filled checklist can then be submitted to a journal alongside the manuscript. The EQUATOR wizard and online checklist generator has also been integrated into the Penelope software and the entire package is being piloted by BMJ Open. Authors submitting a manuscript to BMJ Open are given the option to use the Penelope software, EQUATOR Wizard, and GoodReports checklist generator. Data will be collected on the quality of manuscripts submitted to BMJ Open and whether and how the offered software was used.
Impact The GoodReports web app, including the updated wizard and online reporting guideline generator, has been available since January 2018. It can be accessed independently from the EQUATOR website and as part of the Penelope manuscript checking software. BMJ Open is piloting GoodReports as part of the full Penelope package in its submission process. As of March 2018, GoodReports has had 533 users with most of the traffic coming from the EQUATOR website or the BMJ author submission site. A third of the users have downloaded a blank or completed checklist. Penelope has generated an email survey to ask for feedback from users. Eleven people have responded so far, with eight rating the app it 8/10 or above. BMJOpen will give us access to a batch of finally submitted manuscripts in March 2018 to allow us to compare the quality of manuscripts submitted by authors who used GoodReports with those who didn't. This multidisciplinary collaboration combines the software development skills of Penelope Research and Manuscriptsapp with EQUATOR Network's expertise in good reporting.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Improving the information literacy of early careers researchers - focus on biomedical reseachers 
Organisation Annual Reviews
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution EQUATOR Network's Shona Kirtley and her collaborators play an equal role in this partnership to improve the information literacy of early careers researchers. She is shaping the focus and future plans for the collaboration. The whole team has begun work on a literature review to identify problems and barriers that early career researhcers face when undertaking a systematic review to inform development of an early career researcher needs and barriers identification survey.
Collaborator Contribution EQUATOR Network's Shona Kirtley and her collaborators play an equal role in this partnership to improve the information literacy of early careers researchers.
Impact No major outputs yet. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary with involvement of both librarians and a publisher. The team is developing a website and identifying existing guidance for early career researchers. A conference abstract has been submitted to the Canadian Health Libraries Association Conference.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Improving the information literacy of early careers researchers - focus on biomedical reseachers 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution EQUATOR Network's Shona Kirtley and her collaborators play an equal role in this partnership to improve the information literacy of early careers researchers. She is shaping the focus and future plans for the collaboration. The whole team has begun work on a literature review to identify problems and barriers that early career researhcers face when undertaking a systematic review to inform development of an early career researcher needs and barriers identification survey.
Collaborator Contribution EQUATOR Network's Shona Kirtley and her collaborators play an equal role in this partnership to improve the information literacy of early careers researchers.
Impact No major outputs yet. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary with involvement of both librarians and a publisher. The team is developing a website and identifying existing guidance for early career researchers. A conference abstract has been submitted to the Canadian Health Libraries Association Conference.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Improving the information literacy of early careers researchers - focus on biomedical reseachers 
Organisation University of Ottawa
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution EQUATOR Network's Shona Kirtley and her collaborators play an equal role in this partnership to improve the information literacy of early careers researchers. She is shaping the focus and future plans for the collaboration. The whole team has begun work on a literature review to identify problems and barriers that early career researhcers face when undertaking a systematic review to inform development of an early career researcher needs and barriers identification survey.
Collaborator Contribution EQUATOR Network's Shona Kirtley and her collaborators play an equal role in this partnership to improve the information literacy of early careers researchers.
Impact No major outputs yet. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary with involvement of both librarians and a publisher. The team is developing a website and identifying existing guidance for early career researchers. A conference abstract has been submitted to the Canadian Health Libraries Association Conference.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Improving the information literacy of early careers researchers - focus on biomedical reseachers 
Organisation University of Toronto
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution EQUATOR Network's Shona Kirtley and her collaborators play an equal role in this partnership to improve the information literacy of early careers researchers. She is shaping the focus and future plans for the collaboration. The whole team has begun work on a literature review to identify problems and barriers that early career researhcers face when undertaking a systematic review to inform development of an early career researcher needs and barriers identification survey.
Collaborator Contribution EQUATOR Network's Shona Kirtley and her collaborators play an equal role in this partnership to improve the information literacy of early careers researchers.
Impact No major outputs yet. The collaboration is multi-disciplinary with involvement of both librarians and a publisher. The team is developing a website and identifying existing guidance for early career researchers. A conference abstract has been submitted to the Canadian Health Libraries Association Conference.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Member of guideline development group to develop an extension to the PRISMA reporting guideline for reporting literature searches in systematic reviews (PRISMA-Search) 
Organisation University of Florida
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Shona Kirtley is a member of guideline development group to develop an extension to the PRISMA reporting guideline for reporting literature searches in systematic reviews (PRISMA-Search). The group is leading the development of this much-needed reporting guidance, which will include background research, Delphi rounds, and face-to-face meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Our collaborators play an equal role in this guideline development group.
Impact Three rounds of Delphi exercise have been completed and one face-to-face meeting has been held. The list of items identified during the Delphi rounds has been refined. The group are currently writing up both the main guideline and explanation and elaboration papers. A poster presentation abstract has been accepted for the MLA conference in May 2019.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Member of guideline development group to develop an extension to the PRISMA reporting guideline for reporting literature searches in systematic reviews (PRISMA-Search) 
Organisation University of Minnesota
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Shona Kirtley is a member of guideline development group to develop an extension to the PRISMA reporting guideline for reporting literature searches in systematic reviews (PRISMA-Search). The group is leading the development of this much-needed reporting guidance, which will include background research, Delphi rounds, and face-to-face meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Our collaborators play an equal role in this guideline development group.
Impact Three rounds of Delphi exercise have been completed and one face-to-face meeting has been held. The list of items identified during the Delphi rounds has been refined. The group are currently writing up both the main guideline and explanation and elaboration papers. A poster presentation abstract has been accepted for the MLA conference in May 2019.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Member of guideline development group to develop an extension to the PRISMA reporting guideline for reporting literature searches in systematic reviews (PRISMA-Search) 
Organisation University of Toronto
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Shona Kirtley is a member of guideline development group to develop an extension to the PRISMA reporting guideline for reporting literature searches in systematic reviews (PRISMA-Search). The group is leading the development of this much-needed reporting guidance, which will include background research, Delphi rounds, and face-to-face meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Our collaborators play an equal role in this guideline development group.
Impact Three rounds of Delphi exercise have been completed and one face-to-face meeting has been held. The list of items identified during the Delphi rounds has been refined. The group are currently writing up both the main guideline and explanation and elaboration papers. A poster presentation abstract has been accepted for the MLA conference in May 2019.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Member of guideline development group to develop an extension to the PRISMA reporting guideline for reporting literature searches in systematic reviews (PRISMA-Search) 
Organisation University of Utah
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Shona Kirtley is a member of guideline development group to develop an extension to the PRISMA reporting guideline for reporting literature searches in systematic reviews (PRISMA-Search). The group is leading the development of this much-needed reporting guidance, which will include background research, Delphi rounds, and face-to-face meetings.
Collaborator Contribution Our collaborators play an equal role in this guideline development group.
Impact Three rounds of Delphi exercise have been completed and one face-to-face meeting has been held. The list of items identified during the Delphi rounds has been refined. The group are currently writing up both the main guideline and explanation and elaboration papers. A poster presentation abstract has been accepted for the MLA conference in May 2019.
Start Year 2015
 
Description Oxford University Clinical Graduate School (OUCAGS), University of Oxford 
Organisation University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The EQUATOR team developed a 4-module course, "Introduction to medical research:essential skills" at the request of the Oxford University Clinical Graduate School (OUCAGS) to address the needs of their young doctors in training. The EQUATOR team now delivers this training twice a year and contributes organisation of the academic side of the course.
Collaborator Contribution The OUCAGS team contributes the organisional aspects of the course.
Impact A 4-module course "Introduction to medical research:essential skills" has been developed and is run twice a year (2013 until present), reaching around 20 junior doctors with an interest in research each time.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Penelope Research Scientific Manuscript Review Software and EQUATOR Wizard 
Organisation Penelope Research
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The EQUATOR Network provided expertise and input into an algorithm/decision tree to develop an online tool to enable authors of research reports identify the appropriate reporting guideline for manuscripts submitted to scientific journals. We also created a database of key reporting guidelines to populate an online tool called GoodReports, which allows authors to identify the appropriate reporting guideline and delivers an online version of the checklist for the guideline identified.
Collaborator Contribution Penelope Research developed the software for the GoodReports online tool. The decision tree questions have been integrated into Penelope's main product which is which is automated manuscript review software http://www.peneloperesearch.com/#home-penelope-section. The Penelope feedback report includes a link to the GoodReports tool and the appropriate checklist.
Impact 1. The EQUATOR Decision Tree was created 2. The EQUATOR Wizard was developed, using the Decision Tree as a basis. It has been accessed over 5000 times since 2016 and is one of the most viewed items on the EQUATOR Network website. 3. The prototype Wizard was piloted in February 2016. http://www.equator-network.org/2016/02/17/its-a-kind-of-magic-how-to-improve-adherence-to-reporting-guidelines/ In a before-after analysis, BioMed Central embedded the decision-tree tool in the submission system for four journals in the BMC series. In total, 590 manuscripts were included in this analysis - 300 in the before cohort and 290 in the after. There was a significant increase in manuscripts where authors had identified the correct reporting guidelines for their study type - 16% in the before cohort and 25% in the after cohort. There was also a significant decrease in manuscripts where authors incorrectly stated that there were no relevant guidelines - 27% in the before cohort and 16% in the after cohort. These results suggest that providing authors with a tool to assist in identifying the correct reporting guidelines for their study improved the identification of the correct reporting guidelines. 4. The results of the pilot were presented at a conference of journal editors. 5. The Wizard has been updated and version 1.5 has been released. 6. The updated Wizard has been integrated into the GoodReports online tool and a link to the tool integrated into the Penelope Research manuscript checker. This multidisciplinary collaboration combines the software development skills of Penelope Research with EQUATOR Network's expertise in good reporting.
Start Year 2015
 
Title The EQUATOR Wizard 
Description The EQUATOR wizard was developed in collaboration with Penelope Research. This online application uses the questions set in the EQUATOR Decision Tree to guide researchers to identify the appropriate reporting guideline for their study. The Decision Tree and Wizard were both first launched in 2016, and were updated in 2018 using user feedback and the results of a pilot study by the publisher BioMed Central. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact The online prototype of the Wizard was piloted in February 2016 in a before and after analysis by BioMed Central (http://www.equator-network.org/2016/02/17/its-a-kind-of-magic-how-to-improve-adherence-to-reporting-guidelines/). BioMed Central embedded the decision-tree tool in the submission system for four of its journals. 590 manuscripts were included in this analysis - 300 in the before cohort and 290 in the after. There was a significant increase in manuscripts where authors identified the correct reporting guidelines for their study type after the tool was introduced (16% in the before cohort and 25% in the after cohort). There was also a significant decrease in manuscripts where authors incorrectly stated that there were no relevant guidelines - 27% in the before cohort and 16% in the after cohort. These results suggest that providing authors with a tool to assist in identifying the correct reporting guidelines for their study improved the identification of the correct reporting guidelines. The results of this pilot were presented at a conference of journal editors. The updated version of the Wizard (version 1.4) has also been integrated into a new web app (GoodReports), which takes users directly to an online version of the reporting checklist indicated by answers they give when using the Wizard. The Wizard has been used over 5,000 times since it was first launched in 2016. 
URL http://www.peneloperesearch.com/equatorwizard
 
Description Talk: Iveta Simera at the EQUATOR Reporting Guideline Development Meeting in Oxford 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact At the first EQUATOR Reporting Guideline Development Meeting, Iveta Simera gave a talk summarising the work of the EQUATOR Network. She also co-ordinated a session on the development of additional reporting guideline development guidance
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.equator-network.org/2014/11/25/the-first-equator-reporting-guideline-development-meeting-...
 
Description ACT now: Accuracy, Completeness, and Transparency in health research reporting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The symposium, organised by the EQUATOR Network and the German Cochrane Centre, was centred on the theme of "ACT now: Accuracy, Completeness, and Transparency in health research reporting". Held from 11-12 October 2012, in Freiburg, Germany, the symposium presentations and discussions gave participants much food for thought regarding the impact of poor reporting and how we can all help to improve health research reporting.

The symposium incorporated the 4th EQUATOR Annual Lecture which was delivered by John Ioannidis, Professor of Medicine, Health Research and Policy, and Statistics, Stanford University, USA who provided a lively and fascinating insight into reporting and reproducible research: salvaging the self-correction principle of science.

170 participants at the main congress (researchers, health proffesionals, editors, funders, reviewers)
30 participants at the pre-conference EQUATOR workshop on key guidelines for health research
press coverage
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.equator-network.org/2012/10/10/act-now-accuracy-completeness-and-transparency-in-health-r...
 
Description ANNUAL LECTURE 2014: Presented by Dr Drummond Rennie 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lively discussion

Increased number of website visits
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Accuracy, completeness and transparency: three essential components of good research reporting. EMAS annual international conference, 2015, Spain 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I. Simera gave an invited talk with discussion afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Annual Lecture 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Our prestigious Annual Lecture has been delivered at the international congress with more than 500 participants, very lively discussion after the talk

Increased visibility of the programme and recognision of issues EQUATOR is aiming to remedy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Conference talk: Iveta Simera at WCRI 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Iveta Simera gave a talk entitled 'The EQUATOR Network: Promoting responsible reporting of health research studies' at the 2015 World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) in Brazil. The talk was followed by lively discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.equator-network.org/2015/06/09/equator-makes-a-splash-in-rio/
 
Description Consumers for the terrified: Cochrane workshop and webinar 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Two workshops at Cochrane events (Colloquium Vienna and UK Symposium Birmingham) and a webinar with the aim of encouraging involvement of patients, carers and the general public in systematic reviews. My EQUATOR-related focus is that involving patients and the public in the scrutiny of published research (through being involved in systematic reviews) will enthuse and empower them to join EQUATORs mission to get involved in the design, conduct and reporting of research for patient benefit (PPI), and reduce the waste caused by irrelevant, poorly reported and biased research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL http://2015.colloquium.cochrane.org/workshops/consumers-terrified-or-identifying-good-practice-invol...
 
Description EASE General Assembly and Conference, Split 2014 - Reporting guidelines session 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Organised session on research reporting and reporting guidelines at the international conference of the European Association of Science Editors

increased number of website visits, collaboration with EASE
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description EQUATOR / REWARD Conference: Increasing value and reducing waste in biomedical research (international conference) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We organised a joint conference between the EQUATOR Network and the REduce research Waste And Reward Diligence (REWARD) group who wrote the series on Increasing Value and Reducing Waste in The Lancet in 2014. Please see the attached flyer. Registration and abstract submission is available here: http://researchwaste.net/research-wasteequator-conference/. The Conference targeted health research scientists and clinicians, journal editors and peer reviewers, publishers, regulators, research funders and other professionals involved in research education, research governance and the publication of medical research.

The focus of the conference was to:
• Combine EQUATOR and REWARD themes in one conference
• Recap The Lancet series findings and recommendations
• Review the progress made by researchers, funders, regulators, publishers, industry, and research users against the recommendations in the series
• Bring out specific themes for making research better and more efficient, e.g.: collaboration between researchers, funders, conduct/reporting organisations, regulatory authorities and publishers; specific perspectives of each of these groups of key players.
• Derive a consensus statement and action plan for making progress against the recommendations of the series, after presentations and a constructive moderated discussion
• Seek endorsement for the consensus statement

Speakers included:
Prof Doug Altman, Prof Rustam Al-Shahi Salman, Sir Iain Chalmers, Dr An-Wen Chan, Prof Paul Glasziou, Dr Trish Groves, Prof John Ioannidis, Prof Frank Miedema, Dr David Moher, Prof Andrew Morris (Chief Scientist, Scotland), Dr Iveta Simera and Dr Janet Wisely (HRA). The meeting also included the Annual Equator Lecture presented by Dr Luis Gabriel Cuervo.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.equator-network.org/2015/08/16/research-waste-equator-conference-2015/
 
Description EQUATOR Annual Lecture 2015 presented by Dr LG Cuervo 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The prestigious EQUATOR Annual Lecture was delivered by Dr Luis Gabriel Cuervo, Senior Adviser for Research Promotion and Development at the Pan American Health Organization.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.equator-network.org/2015/10/02/annual-lecture-2015-luis-gabriel-cuervo/
 
Description EQUATOR Facebook page 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Active Facebook page with regular postings of interest to our audiences of researchers, journal editors, methodologists and publishers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016,2017,2018
URL https://www.facebook.com/EquatorNetwork/?ref=aymt_homepage_panel
 
Description EQUATOR LinkedIn Page 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We have established this group to promote new reporting guidelines and other relevant publications, highlight older but important and interesting papers, and to encourage discussion and exchange experiences regarding reporting guideline development and implementation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016,2017
URL https://www.linkedin.com/groups/5032663
 
Description EQUATOR Network presence on departmental websites 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The EQUATOR Network maintains an active 'research group' page on the Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences website at the University of Oxford. This regularly updated page provides a summary of our work, recent news articles and events, and points out to the EQUATOR Network standalone website. The page maintains a link with the academic department in which the UK EQUATOR Centre is embedded.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016,2017,2018,2019
URL https://www.ndorms.ox.ac.uk/research-groups/equator-network
 
Description EQUATOR Network. Conference of the International Society of Medical Publication Professionals (ISMPP), London, January 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk. Around 200 people attended this international conference that discussed the latest development and best practices in the medical publication and professional services supporting publication of clinical studies. The session on the EQUATOR programme, research reporting and reporting guidelines was delivered twice and was well attended.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description EQUATOR Oncology Project Quarterly Current Awareness Bulletin 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The EQUATOR Network distributes a regular EQUATOR Oncology Current Awareness Email Bulletin to an opt-in sign up list, to other relevant health professional and biomedical librarian emails lists, and through our web pages. The bulletin contains links to information and resources related to the methods and reporting of oncology research and aims to raise awareness of current issues in the reporting and methods of oncology-related research to effect change in the way that clinicians and researchers conduct and report their research studies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018
URL http://www.equator-network.org/about-us/equator-oncology-project/equator-oncology-project-quarterly-...
 
Description EQUATOR Publication School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The EQUATOR Network ran an annual week-long residential course called Publication School, with 15-20 participants from all over the world, in the summers of 2015-2017. The course aimed to build the skills and confidence to achieve success in planning, writing, publishing and disseminating research through traditional journals and other media channels. The course was lead by an experienced, enthusiastic and knowledgeable team, featuring lectures and many practical sessions including:
How to write the key sections of your research article, including the methods, analysis and results, introduction, discussion, title and abstract
How to make the appropriate and optimal use of Reporting Guidelines including CONSORT, STROBE and PRISMA
How to target the right journal for your research, and navigate different editorial systems
How to deal with peer review comments, and how to peer review the work of others constructively
How to write for and communicate with a lay audience, and make the most of media opportunities
The course also discussed the importance of writing and publishing protocols, and the use of reporting guidelines such as SPIRIT and PRISMA-P.

Most of the course instructors were members of the UK EQUATOR Centre. A member of the Australian EQUATOR Centre, Elaine Beller, joined the instructor team in 2016 to experience the course. As a result, the Australian Centre offered a two-day version of Publication School at Bond University in December 2016.

Course alumni are champions of reporting guidelines and stay in touch with EQUATOR. 2016 alumni from South Korea organised a local workshop on reporting guidelines, which EQUATOR Network's Caroline Struthers attended and presented at. Alumni who are regular users of social media often share reporting guidelines and good reporting tips with their audiences. Alumni have reported that they are teaching the good publication practice skills that they learnt at the course in their own communities.

Two alumni of the 2017 course have since joined the UK EQUATOR Centre team.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016,2017
URL http://www.equator-network.org/2015/08/14/first-equator-publication-school/
 
Description EQUATOR Twitter feed 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The EQUATOR Network maintains an active Twitter account with daily postings of interest to our audience of researchers, journal editors, methodologists, publishers, students, and patients. The account averages four new followers a day, and has around 4,400 followers as of March 2019. We regularly reach out to researchers discussing research waste issues to point them in the direction of reporting guidelines and the EQUATOR Network database. We also publicise new reporting guidelines and related research. Members of the research community regularly get in touch to let us know about new reporting guidelines and to ask questions about how to use reporting guidelines and write clear and complete health research papers. We used the reach of our Twitter feed in a 2017 call for comments run for the Health Research Authority, during which we received over 600 usable comments on how the research ethics process could be used to increase researchers' awareness of reporting guidelines and other tools for transparent research dissemination.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016,2017,2018
URL https://twitter.com/EquatorNetwork
 
Description EQUATOR email newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The EQUATOR Network distributes a regular Email Bulletin to an opt-in email list of over 2,400 people, to other relevant health professional and biomedical librarian emails lists, and through our website. The newsletter contains information and links about EQUATOR Network activities/events/courses, newly published reporting guidelines and other interesting and relevant resources and information related to health research reporting. The newsletter aims to raise awareness of the Network and our work, to promote courses and educational activities related to health research reporting, to highlight and raise awareness of new reporting guidelines and encourage clinicians and researchers to address current reporting issues with the aim of improving the reporting of biomedical research publications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018
URL http://www.equator-network.org/category/news/newsletter-only/
 
Description Editors and Peer Referees Training Day Athens 4 May 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop session for Journal Editors and Peer reviewers about how EQUATOR resources can help them improve the quality of their work
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://athens2015.cochrane.org/programme/parallel-courses-and-symposium
 
Description Global evidence-based projects in health and welfare: Opportunities for engagement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Evidence Aid collaborated with Oxford's Centre for Evidence Based Intervention to host the Global Evidence-Based Projects in Health and Welfare seminar, focused on sharing opportunities for engagement with Oxford students, faculty, and community members. The seminar featured presenters from over ten organizations aimed at producing evidence-based research, policy evaluation, and global initiatives implementing evidence-based change.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.evidenceaid.org/global-evidence-based-projects-in-health-and-welfare/
 
Description Maintenance, updating and ongoing development of EQUATOR website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Our main website has over 38,000 visits every month. Increasing numbers of organisations, journals, publishers, and researchers around the world are aware of EQUATOR and our resources and link to our website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014,2015,2016,2017
URL http://www.equator-network.org/
 
Description One-day workshop on reporting guidelines for academics in Havana, Cuba 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Jennifer de Beyer presented a one-day workshop on using reporting guidelines to a group of Cuban academics, clinical trialists, and other biomedical researchers. Attendees were enthusiastic about using reporting guidelines in their future work, and many expressed a desire to take these tools back to their colleagues and spread the word.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Open-access online course on using reporting guidelines with PAHO 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In collaboration with PAHO, we developed a four-module online course for health researchers and students in the Americas on using reporting guidelines. PAHO has made this course freely available in their Virtual Campus. The course has also been translated and made available in Spanish and Portuguese. We do not yet have download numbers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
URL https://mooc.campusvirtualsp.org/enrol/index.php?id=66
 
Description Presentation and Q&A for ISMPP webinar 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Caroline Struthers presented a 15 minute presentation and Q&A during a webinar on 30 May 2018 for the International Society of Medical Publication Professionals (ISMPP), for their ISMPP University. The session covered how and why EQUATOR started and built up momentum and traction with various communities involved in publications. The session aimed to promote the idea that professional medical writers are crucial to the effort to improve publications and to inspire them withEQUATOR's story
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ismpp.org/ismppu
 
Description Protocol Development School 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Caroline Struthers collaborated in the development and delivery of a two-day course called Protocol Publication School for nurses, midwives, allied and other health professionals with colleagues at Oxford Brookes University's Oxford Institute of Nursing, Midwifery and Allied Health Research (OxINMAHR).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Reporting guidelines: Can their use make the work of systematic reviewers and guideline developers better? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Health professionals
Results and Impact We conducted a workshop for 40 members of the World Health Organization staff and a seminar attended by a similar number of WHO staff

Raised awareness of existing reporting guidelines and their importance for systematic reviewers and clinical guideline developers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.equator-network.org/2013/10/31/reporting-guidelines-can-their-use-make-the-work-of-system...
 
Description Reporting guidelines: a tool to increase the quality and usability of health research published in your journal. Workshop, African Journal Partnership Project, Malawi 2015. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I. Simera delivered a workshop for editors of leading African medical journals
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Reporting guidelines: a tool to increase the quality of health research published in your journal. ESPGHAN international meeting, Amsterdam, 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I. Simera delivered a workshop for the editorial board of the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Research papers that make a difference: Discussing research waste, reproducibility and impact. Global Health Network seminar, UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I. Simera gave a seminar talk on the importance of responsible reporting of health research studies delivered for researchers at the University of Oxford, Dept of Tropical Medicine
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Research papers that make a difference: how to increase research value, reputation, and impact. 4th University Internationalization Seminar, PAHO/Organisation of American States/ COIMBRA Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Iveta Simera presented at the 4th University Internationalization Seminar organised by the PAHO, Organisation of American States and COIMBRA Group for high representatives of Brazilian Universities. The presentation resulted in subsequent wider promotion of the EQUATOR programme in Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Research papers that make a difference: how to increase research value, reputation, and impact. Invited talk at the Global Health Network seminar. University of Oxford, November 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk by Iveta Simera. Around 30 people attended the seminar. The talk generated lively discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description SCIENTIFIC MEETING: Improving reporting to decrease the waste of research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Increased interest in improving the quality of research reporting

increase in website visits
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Speaker at EQUATOR workshop for researchers in Seoul 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Caroline Struthers was invited to give a 20 minute introduction to EQUATOR in Seoul by two South Korean clinician/researchers who were attendees of the EQUATOR Publication School in July 2016. This talk cooincided with her attendance at the Cochrane Colloquium as a member of Cochrane Consumer Executive. The presentation introduced a three hour workshop for students of Korean medicine. It was delivered by a group of South Korean researchers, including the developers of the STRICTA reporting guidelines for reporting accupuncture trials and the Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field, and translators of other EQUATOR reporting guidelines into Korean.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Speaker during systematic review workshop supported by Cochrane 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Caroline Struthers was invited to talk about EQUATOR and the PRISMA reporting guideline for reporting systematic reviews during a systematic review workshop supported by Cochrane.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Talk at scientific meeting: REWARD/EQUATOR Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof Doug Altman presented two lectures at the 2015 joint REWARD/EQUATOR conference in Edinburgh: 'Deficiencies of the medical research literature' and 'EQUATOR Network: Promoting research reports that are fit for purpose' (presented with Iveta Simera).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Talk for MedComms Coummity of professional medical writers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gave a talk Beyond CONSORT: other guidelines for other types of manuscripts - to an audience of around 70 medical writers employed mainly by the pharmaceutical industry. It raised awareness of EQUATOR and highlighted the lesser known reporting guidelines which could help medical writers improve the quality of their work, and reflect well on the research organisations that use their services, as well as improving the quality of research literature.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://medcommsnetworking.com/event70.html
 
Description Teaching for the Oxford University Clinical Graduate School (OUCAGS): Introduction to medical research 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The EQUATOR Network runs an introductory-level course for health professionals connected to the Oxford University Clinical Graduate School (OUCAGS). The course provides an overview of key steps and common methods in medical research and its publication. It is divided into four modules, delivered as three half-day sessions and one full-day session at the John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK.
The four modules are
1. Research planning: before you start your research project
2. Research design and protocol
3. Statistical thinking
4. Research publication and dissemination

The course runs on Saturdays to take account of the limited availability of clinicians on the Academic Clinical Training. The course ran annually in autumn (Sept-Nov) in 2014 and 2015. Since 2016 it has been run twice a year, in spring (Feb-March/April) and autumn (Sept-Nov). The course is consistently rated highly by the participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016,2017,2018
URL https://www.oucags.ox.ac.uk/medical-research-essential-skills
 
Description Towards excellence in bioresource research: Setting CoBRA guideline in the context of other research guidance, EASE / BRIEF international meeting, France 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I. Simera gave an invited talk with discussion afterwards at an international working meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description US Medical Library Association Conference, 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Shona Kirtley presented on the topic of 'Librarians! Let's Leverage Our Role to Raise the Quality of Biomedical Research' at a professional conference for medical librarians. The presentation improved awareness of the role of librarians in helping to improve the reporting of biomedical research, reduce research waste and improve reproducibility issues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Updating and implementation of CONSORT extension for reporting non-pharmacological treatment interventions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Meeting of the CONSORT Group for reporting randomized trials of non-pharmacological treatment interventions (NPT). The aim of the meeting was to update the guidance and to develop strategies to improve implementation of the guideline.

A revised CONSORT NPT checklist is in preparation and will be published in 2015. An implementation strategy is being developed with the Annals of Surgery.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.consort-statement.org/extensions?ContentWidgetId=558
 
Description Webinars 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lively discussion after the talks

Conducted several webinars, which were also recorded and made available online on our website and our youtube channel - all contributed to increased visibility of the programme, promotion of good reporting practice and our online resources
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Workshop Reporting guidelines: a tool to increase the quality of health research published in your journal 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A well received workshop for journal editors aimed at improving the quality of research reporting of manuscripts published by participating medical journals

Very positive feedback, request for information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Workshop and Exhibition at the Peer Review Congress, Chicago 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact One of the important goals of our programme is promotion of good research reporting practice and raising awareness of exising reporting guidelines; we ran a workshop for 40 journal editors (who can substantially influence quality of research reports); we also organised an exhibition stand during the congress to engage with our key stakeholders (researchers, peer reviewers, editors, and publishers)

Increased number of subscribers to our regular newsletter, increased traffic on our website
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.equator-network.org/2013/09/17/equator-at-the-peer-review-congress-2013/
 
Description Workshop for journal editors 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An EU-based journal contracted the UK EQUATOR Centre to deliver a workshop for its editors on using reporting guidelines and developing a reporting guideline policy for the journal. An introductory lecture was also given to a wider group of researchers with whom the journal are associated. The interactive workshop was delivered by trainer Jennifer de Beyer. Editors had developed a concrete plan for implementing reporting guidelines in their journal and helping their authors to use them by the end of the session.

This activity arose from Caroline Struthers' invited talk at the EASE 2018 conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Workshop: EQUATOR Reporting Guideline Development Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact More than 20 contributors with a wealth of expertise, experience, and passionate commitment to the cause gathered in Oxford for the first EQUATOR Reporting Guideline Development Working Meeting. We discussed how the EQUATOR Network can move forward and take practical steps to engage with researchers, journal editors, peer reviewers, ethics committees, and consumers to help people develop high-quality Reporting Guidelines and apply them effectively to increase the quality, transparency, and usefulness of the health research literature.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.equator-network.org/2014/11/25/the-first-equator-reporting-guideline-development-meeting-...
 
Description Workshop: EQUATOR-organised session at WCRI 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I. Simera and C. Struthers organised the EQUATOR Network's session at the World Conference on Research Integrity (WCRI) in Brazil in 2015. The session was entitled 'Making the research publication process more efficient and responsible: Practical ways to improve the reliability and usability of published (health) research'. It was well attended and generated lively discussion.

Session programme details:
Making the research publication process more efficient and responsible: practical ways to improve the reliability and usability of published (health) research

Session moderators:
Iveta Simera, EQUATOR Network, Centre for Statistics in Medicine, NDORMS, University of Oxford, UK
Trish Groves, BMJ, EQUATOR Network Steering Group member

Target audience:
Editors, researchers (in roles of research authors and peer reviewers), university professionals, policy makers, publishers

Background:
Complete, accurate and transparent reporting is an integral part of responsible research conduct. Unfortunately substantial evidence has demonstrated serious deficiencies in the reporting of research studies. Health research literature has become the most scrutinised area due to the rapid expansion in the production of systematic reviews and the direct impact the results of such reviews can have on patients' care. However, other fields such as the veterinary sciences are quickly catching up, indicating that reporting deficiencies will become a problem across the sciences. Despite considerable resources invested in health research, it is clear that the usability and usefulness of research results are often severely limited because of poor reporting in research publications. Enormous financial and human resources are wasted as a result.
Although ultimate responsibility for the design, conduct and accurate publication of studies lies with the researchers, a coordinated effort of all parties involved in (health) research and its publication is urgently needed to remedy the current unsustainable situation.

Session format:
Four short talks (15 minutes) followed by a longer constructive discussion aiming to arrive at some specific and practical suggestions to improve research publication process and outcomes, total session length 1 ½ - 2 hours.
Session content will mainly focus on examples from biomedical research but we believe that it will be in principle applicable to other related scientific fields.


Session programme:
Can we trust the medical research literature: poor reporting and its consequences
Dr Iveta Simera, Deputy Director, UK EQUATOR Centre, NDORMS, University of Oxford, UK

What can BMC do to improve published research?
Daniel Shanahan, Associate Publisher, BioMed Central, London, UK

What can a "traditional" journal do to improve published research?
Dr Trish Groves, Head of Research, BMJ & Editor-in-chief, BMJ Open, London, UK

Promoting good reporting practice for reliable and usable research papers: EQUATOR Network, reporting guidelines and other initiatives
Caroline Struthers, EQUATOR Education and Training Manager, UK EQUATOR Centre, NDORMS, University of Oxford, UK

Discussion
Moderated by Dr Trish Groves
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.equator-network.org/2015/06/09/equator-makes-a-splash-in-rio/
 
Description Workshop: Reporting guidelines: Can their use make the work of systematic reviewers and guideline developers better? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Organised a workshop for the WHO Clinical Guidelines Group in Geneva. The workshop was followed by a seminar - two talks delivered by the EQUATOR team members.

Lively workshop and seminar, many questions, further contacts and requests for advice and collaboration on development of reporting guidelines inportant to the WHO work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.equator-network.org