Assessing health, livelihoods, ecosystem services and poverty alleviation in populous deltas

Lead Research Organisation: Plymouth Marine Laboratory
Department Name: Plymouth Marine Lab

Abstract

Delta regions are probably the most vulnerable type of coastal environment and their ecosystem services face multiple stresses in the coming decades. These stresses include, amongst others, local drivers due to land subsidence, population growth and urbanisation within the deltas, regional drivers due to changes in catchment management (e.g. upstream land use and dam construction), and global climate change impacts such as sea-level rise.The ecosystem services of river deltas support high population densities, estimated at over 500 million people globally, with particular concentrations in Southern and Eastern Asia and Africa. A large proportion of these people experience extremes of poverty and are severely exposed to vulnerability from environmental and ecological stress and degradation. In areas close to or below the poverty boundary, both subsistence and cash elements of the economy tend to rely disproportionately heavily on ecosystem services which underpin livelihoods.Understanding how to sustainably manage the ecosystem services in delta regions and thus improve health and reduce poverty and vulnerability requires consideration of all these stresses and their complex interaction. This proposal aims to develop methods to understand and characterise the key drivers of change in ecosystem services that affect the environment and economic status in the world's populous deltas. This will be done through analysis of the evolving role of ecosystem services, exploring the implications of changes for the livelihoods of delta residents, and developing management and policy options that will be beneficial now and in the future in the face of the large uncertainties of the next few decades and beyond.The extensive coastal fringe of the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Delta within Bangladesh has been selected as the pilot study area for this work. This is because Bangladesh is almost entirely located on one of the world's largest and most dynamic deltas. It is characterised by densely populated coastal lowlands with significant poverty, supported to a large extent by natural ecosystems such as the Sunderbahns (the largest mangrove forest in the world). It is under severe development pressure due to many growing cities, eg Khulna and the capital, Dhaka.At present the importance of ecosystems services to poverty and livelihoods is poorly understood. This is due to due to the complexity of interactions between physical drivers, environmental pressures and the human responses to stresses and the resultant impacts on ecosystems. Government policy rarely takes up the ecosystems services perspective and as a result an holistic overview of their value is often overlooked.This project aims to address this gap by providing policy makers with the knowledge and tools to enable them to evaluate the effects of policy decisions on people's livelihoods. This will be done by creating a holistic approach to formally evaluating ecosystems services and poverty in the context of changes such as subsidence and sea level rise, land degradation and population pressure in delta regions. This will be tested and applied in coastal Bangladesh and tested conceptually in other populous deltas.

Planned Impact

please see lead proposal (Prof. Robert Nichols, U of Southampton)

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description The fisheries sector provides a crucial source of income and food for Bangladesh, accounting for 4.4% of national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 22.8% of agriculture sector production, and supplying ca.60% of the national animal protein intake. Here we develop and apply tools to project the long term productive capacity of Bangladesh marine fisheries under climate and fisheries management scenarios, based on downscaling a global climate model, estimating river flow and nutrient loadings, projecting changes in oceans state, properties and dynamics, and eventually fish production and catch potential. We concluded that the impacts of climate change, under greenhouse emissions scenario A1B, are likely to reduce the potential fish production in the Bangladesh Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) by less than 10%. However, these impacts are larger for the two target species, even under sustainable management practices. Under sustainable management practices we expect Hilsa shad catches to show a minor decline in potential catches by 2030 but a significant (25%) decline by 2060. Conversely, a future that follows an overexploitation scenario will bring catches by 2060 to almost 95% lower than in the Business as Usual (BaU) scenario for the start of the 21st century. For Bombay duck, potential catches by 2060 under sustainable scenarios will produce a decline of less than 20% compared to current catches. The results demonstrate that management can mitigate or exacerbate the effects of climate change on ecosystem productivity.
Exploitation Route Bangladesh government officials have been involved in the development of scenarios for the project, and the results will be used in future policy interventions. The project is part of the broader ESPA programme and thus contributing to a broader agenda.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://www.espadelta.net/
 
Description The findings have been used in a number (>15) presentations in diverse for a, mostly internationally. In Bangladesh the results have been presented to both government officials and fisheries managers, and fishing communities. Both communities have taken the results into account in the development of adaptation objectives and measures. ESPA_Delta has also organised a number of high level knowledge transfer exercises in Bangladesh, of which our work was part of. Finally, at the request of Prof. Alam, Head of the General Economic Division, Planning Commission in Bangladesh, a final book from the project entitled "Integrated Assessment for Policy Analysis: Rural Livelihoods in Coastal Bangladesh" is to be delivered.
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description ESPA Deltas Policy Note for the Government of Bangladesh
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL http://www.espadelta.net/resources_/policy_briefs
 
Description NERC summer student placement
Amount £2,500 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2013 
End 08/2013
 
Title Bay of Bengal model outputs on the PML modelling portal 
Description Data from the Bay of Bengal POLCOMS-ERSEM hydrodynamic-ecosystem model is now freely available via the PML modelling data portal: primary production, dissolved oxygen, nitrate and other key environmental indicators. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Not known - we do not keep records of data access. 
URL https://portal.ecosystem-modelling.pml.ac.uk/
 
Title Bay of Bengal model outputs, including temperature, primary production and sea surface elevation. 
Description Outputs from three 129-years runs of a hydrodynamic-ecosystem model for the Bay of Bengal, representing three different climate+socio-economic scenarios. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Outputs are being used in the development of the ESPA-Deltas integrated model and contributing to several scientific papers. 
 
Title Development of a fish species model for Hilsa Shad and Bombay duck considering fishing in relation to MSY 
Description The SS-DBEM species model (Fernandes et al., 2013) has been adapted to consider fishing levels in relation to Maximum Sustainable Yield. The model has been tested with several climate and socio-economic scenarios for the 2 species with highest catches in Bangladesh (Hilsa Shad and Bombay Duck). 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The results are being presented in several conferences. The model description and results has been submitted to a journal. The outputs of the model might be used in another 2 publications within the project. 
 
Title Development of a lower trophic level ecosystem model for the Bay of Bengal 
Description The General Coastal Ocean Modelling System , GCOMS (Holt et al. 2009) has been used to develop a physical-biogeochemical model for the coastal zone of the Bay of Bengal. Changes from the original GCOMS implementation include a revised area to match the available data from the UK Met Office Regional Model, updated boundary condition data based on UKMO general cuirculation model and seasonal river flows estimated using the data set of (Dai and Trenberth 2002). 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Model outputs will be used to further project outputs and future research, as described in a separate entry. 
 
Title Dissemination of ESPA outputs to UNESCO-IHE researchers 
Description Sea surface elevation projections for the Bangladesh coast, 1970-2100. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Data was used in a UNESCO-IHE project on Relative Sea Level Rise Scenarios for the central coast of Bangladesh. 
 
Title FVCOM matlab toolbox 
Description Development of an FVCOM (Finite Volumen Coastal Ocean Model) matlab toolbox for the automatic generation of input files for FVCOM and for postprocessing and plotting of FVCOM simulation results. The implementation is domain independent. This toolbox is updated regularly and distributed under MIT license. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This toolbox is now being distributed together with the FVCOM code by the FVCOM development team. As such, it has given PML, in particular the fine-scale team at PML, world-wide exposure. In our experience, this toolbox has reduced the time required for the implementation of FVCOM in a new domain by more than 70%. It has also reduced the time needed for evaluating and modifying existing FVCOM implementations and it has probably made the process more accessible to new users. We believe the increase in the use of FVCOM in UK science is partly a direct consequence of this toolbox having been made publicly available and continuously updated. 
URL https://gitlab.ecosystem-modelling.pml.ac.uk/fvcom/fvcom-toolbox
 
Title Hilsa Shad and Bombay Duck catches in Bangladesh Exclusive Economic Zone under climate change and socio-economic scenarios 
Description Outputs from three 76-years runs of a fish model for the Bay of Bengal, representing three different climate+socio-economic scenarios. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Several conferences and 2/3 papers using this data are expected. 
 
Title Implementation of FVCOM in the Bangladesh area 
Description During a visit from Saiful Islam (Bangladeshi partner in project) we generated an unstructured grid and performed 3D barotropic simulations for the domain. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2012 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The initial implementation allowed for short term simulations of tidal and fluvial currents in the Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta to enable the study of saline intrusion and flooding of the low laying agricultural lands in the region. 
 
Title Offline code coupling of FVCOM and ERSEM 
Description ERSEM has been coupled offline with the 3D unstructured grid model FVCOM. The model has been tested in a small coastal lagoon. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This computer model is currently in the UK FVCOM Wiki and SVN repository and it is accessible to all UK users of FVCOM who have registered with PML. The new code enables multiple runs of FVCOM-ERSEM at a substantial reduced computer time/power costs. By maintaining the same hydrodynamic solutions, ERSEM can be used to simulate what-if scenarios that are only related to biogeochemical conditions and do not affect the hydrodynamics. The ecosystem model ERSEM is now publicly available through the SSB NERC program. FVCOM-ERSEM code will track future developments of ERSEM taking place within the SSB and MERP programs. 
 
Title Online coupling of FVCOM and ERSEM 
Description The 3D unstructured grid model FVCOM has been coupled to the ecosystem model ERSEM. Testing and comparison of results between existing POLCOMS-ERSEM implementations and FVCOM-ERSEM are planned for 2013-2014. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This developmental tool enables the investigation of the bio-physical interactions that occur at fine time and spatial scales, particularly in the near-shore regions. This tool will have strong applications in marine renewable energy, marine aquaculture, coastal ecology and pollution. 
 
Title Total fish productivity in Bangladesh Exclusive Economic Zone under climate change and socio-economic scenarios 
Description Outputs from three 114-years runs of a fish model for the Bay of Bengal, representing three different climate+socio-economic scenarios. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Several conferences and 2/3 papers using this data are expected. 
 
Description Establishment of UK FVCOM interest group 
Organisation Lancaster University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have set up a UK FVCOM interest group that includes representatives from SAMS, NOCL and Marine Scotland. We held our first meeting at PML in September 2012. Since then, we have setup a wiki and SVN repository for sharing common tools related to FVCOM and model implementations to foster collaborations and enhance our understanding of the model's capabilities.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have contributed with intellectual inputs and shared experiences.
Impact The partnership is mostly focused on the use of FVCOM and associated models (wave, sediment and ecosystem models) and provides a platform for exchange of ideas and experiences. As such, this is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving physical oceanography, ecology and ecosystem modelling and numerical methods. We have produced a Wiki (web based how-to manual) where the partners exchange their experiences and solutions to common problems in detail. Improvements to the code and/or analysis tools are also documented here. We also host an SVN repository (version control software) of the FVCOM code together with each partner's updates to the code. The exchange of information has enabled a more robust and consistent approach to implementations of FVCOM in different regions of the UK.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Establishment of UK FVCOM interest group 
Organisation Marine Scotland Science (MSS)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have set up a UK FVCOM interest group that includes representatives from SAMS, NOCL and Marine Scotland. We held our first meeting at PML in September 2012. Since then, we have setup a wiki and SVN repository for sharing common tools related to FVCOM and model implementations to foster collaborations and enhance our understanding of the model's capabilities.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have contributed with intellectual inputs and shared experiences.
Impact The partnership is mostly focused on the use of FVCOM and associated models (wave, sediment and ecosystem models) and provides a platform for exchange of ideas and experiences. As such, this is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving physical oceanography, ecology and ecosystem modelling and numerical methods. We have produced a Wiki (web based how-to manual) where the partners exchange their experiences and solutions to common problems in detail. Improvements to the code and/or analysis tools are also documented here. We also host an SVN repository (version control software) of the FVCOM code together with each partner's updates to the code. The exchange of information has enabled a more robust and consistent approach to implementations of FVCOM in different regions of the UK.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Establishment of UK FVCOM interest group 
Organisation Marine Scotland Science (MSS)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We have set up a UK FVCOM interest group that includes representatives from SAMS, NOCL and Marine Scotland. We held our first meeting at PML in September 2012. Since then, we have setup a wiki and SVN repository for sharing common tools related to FVCOM and model implementations to foster collaborations and enhance our understanding of the model's capabilities.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Establishment of UK FVCOM interest group 
Organisation National Oceanography Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have set up a UK FVCOM interest group that includes representatives from SAMS, NOCL and Marine Scotland. We held our first meeting at PML in September 2012. Since then, we have setup a wiki and SVN repository for sharing common tools related to FVCOM and model implementations to foster collaborations and enhance our understanding of the model's capabilities.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have contributed with intellectual inputs and shared experiences.
Impact The partnership is mostly focused on the use of FVCOM and associated models (wave, sediment and ecosystem models) and provides a platform for exchange of ideas and experiences. As such, this is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving physical oceanography, ecology and ecosystem modelling and numerical methods. We have produced a Wiki (web based how-to manual) where the partners exchange their experiences and solutions to common problems in detail. Improvements to the code and/or analysis tools are also documented here. We also host an SVN repository (version control software) of the FVCOM code together with each partner's updates to the code. The exchange of information has enabled a more robust and consistent approach to implementations of FVCOM in different regions of the UK.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Establishment of UK FVCOM interest group 
Organisation National Oceanography Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have set up a UK FVCOM interest group that includes representatives from SAMS, NOCL and Marine Scotland. We held our first meeting at PML in September 2012. Since then, we have setup a wiki and SVN repository for sharing common tools related to FVCOM and model implementations to foster collaborations and enhance our understanding of the model's capabilities.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Establishment of UK FVCOM interest group 
Organisation Scottish Association For Marine Science
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We have set up a UK FVCOM interest group that includes representatives from SAMS, NOCL and Marine Scotland. We held our first meeting at PML in September 2012. Since then, we have setup a wiki and SVN repository for sharing common tools related to FVCOM and model implementations to foster collaborations and enhance our understanding of the model's capabilities.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have contributed with intellectual inputs and shared experiences.
Impact The partnership is mostly focused on the use of FVCOM and associated models (wave, sediment and ecosystem models) and provides a platform for exchange of ideas and experiences. As such, this is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving physical oceanography, ecology and ecosystem modelling and numerical methods. We have produced a Wiki (web based how-to manual) where the partners exchange their experiences and solutions to common problems in detail. Improvements to the code and/or analysis tools are also documented here. We also host an SVN repository (version control software) of the FVCOM code together with each partner's updates to the code. The exchange of information has enabled a more robust and consistent approach to implementations of FVCOM in different regions of the UK.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Establishment of UK FVCOM interest group 
Organisation University of Strathclyde
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have set up a UK FVCOM interest group that includes representatives from SAMS, NOCL and Marine Scotland. We held our first meeting at PML in September 2012. Since then, we have setup a wiki and SVN repository for sharing common tools related to FVCOM and model implementations to foster collaborations and enhance our understanding of the model's capabilities.
Collaborator Contribution The partners have contributed with intellectual inputs and shared experiences.
Impact The partnership is mostly focused on the use of FVCOM and associated models (wave, sediment and ecosystem models) and provides a platform for exchange of ideas and experiences. As such, this is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving physical oceanography, ecology and ecosystem modelling and numerical methods. We have produced a Wiki (web based how-to manual) where the partners exchange their experiences and solutions to common problems in detail. Improvements to the code and/or analysis tools are also documented here. We also host an SVN repository (version control software) of the FVCOM code together with each partner's updates to the code. The exchange of information has enabled a more robust and consistent approach to implementations of FVCOM in different regions of the UK.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Field programme in Bangladesh 
Organisation Bangladesh Agricultural University
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaborations with Dr Munir Ahmed and Prof Mostafe Hossain to develop and implement a field programme of fisheries data collection from landing sites and official data centres in Bangladesh.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Field programme in Bangladesh (1-6 months progress) 
Organisation Bangladesh Agricultural University
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaborations with Dr Munir Ahmed and Prof Mostafa Hossain to run a field programme of fisheries data collection from landing sites and official data centres in Bangladesh. The first 6 months data collection has provided valuable information in terms of species more abundant, size and relative abundance and prices. Prices and total sells affected by political situation and strikes. Due to this and the success of response getting response from the sellers, 6 months extension has been agreed (1 year initially).
Start Year 2013
 
Description Field programme in Bangladesh (1-6 months progress) 
Organisation Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaborations with Dr Munir Ahmed and Prof Mostafa Hossain to run a field programme of fisheries data collection from landing sites and official data centres in Bangladesh. The first 6 months data collection has provided valuable information in terms of species more abundant, size and relative abundance and prices. Prices and total sells affected by political situation and strikes. Due to this and the success of response getting response from the sellers, 6 months extension has been agreed (1 year initially).
Start Year 2013
 
Description Visit to PML by Akm Saiful Islam 
Organisation Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Saiful Islam visited PML to implement the VCOM model to the Delta region
Start Year 2013
 
Description Visit to PML by Akm Saiful Islam 
Organisation Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology
Country Bangladesh 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Dr Saiful came to PML for an extended visit (3 weeks) to learn about FVCOM and to create an initial implementation of FVCOM for the Bangladesh region
Collaborator Contribution As part of the ESPA-Delta project, Dr Saiful became familiar with FVCOM model system and continued to work on the model implementation in BUET. Since, he has modified the bathymetry and mesh associated with FVCOM implementation in the Ganges Delta and has performed test simulations. Dr Saiful become familiar with the areas of the domain that had less satisfactory results and engage in a bathymetry data collection exercise to improve the model implementation. Subsequently he has implemented HEC-RAS in the Ganges Delta to perform dynamics-driven interpolations of the bathymetric data onto the FVCOM implementation.
Impact New and improved bathymetry in the Ganges Delta system.
Start Year 2012
 
Description Addressing uncertainty in projecting climate change impacts in marine ecosystems 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion about model uncertainty and how it can be communicated better way.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.pices.int/meetings/international_symposia/2015/2015-Climate-Change/sci_program.aspx
 
Description Addressing uncertainty in projecting climate change impacts in marine ecosystems 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussions about model uncertainty, ways of dealing with it and communicating it.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Conservation of natural resources in coastal ecosystems for the benefit of humankind and global balance 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop to get links with Malaysia researchers in order to trigger future collaborations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/QueensUniversityMarineLaboratory/research/Malaysia/
 
Description Dynamic spatio-temporal hybrid life cycle analysis 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussions about how different economic models can be combined and used in marine research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Global change in coastal marine ecosystems: science, policy and sustainable development 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion about global impacts on coastal systems in Brazil and UK and how to move forward research in this subject.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.imar.unifesp.br/v2/index.php/pos-graduacao-e-pesquisa/workshop-british-council
 
Description MSCC/MASTS Bioeconomic Modelling in Policy & Management 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Current policy making issues and how existing bioeconomic models can help on those were discussed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description MSCC/MASTS Ecosystem Modelling 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion about the use of ecosystem modelling to support policy and societal needs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Marine modelling conference (Plymouth) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact About 120 researchers heard how models like theirs are being combined with other biophysical models in an innovative integrated approach.

None in the short term
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Projecting Fish Production Under Climate Change: A Comparative Analysis Across Three Vulnerable Deltas 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog entry on a related project (DECCMA) which builds over ESPA work.

None known.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.geodata.soton.ac.uk/deccma/projects_database/blog/?action=story&id=56
 
Description SATV (South Asian Television) in Bangladesh. National news. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview for the national tv about our fisheries and development work in Bangladesh.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Stakeholders meeting in Nador to evaluate potential activities to monitor eutrophication threats to Nador lagoon as a result of climate change and anthropogenic activities. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The stakeholders meeting was organised by the local government of Nador in collaboration with investors behind the MarChica development project. Many local stakeholder groups were also present, from local fisherman organisations to the University of Nador. In addition to presenting results from the EU project MEDINA, scientists and local stakeholders were involved in a Scenario analysis by participatory process. The results of the workshop will be used to better define the monitoring and development strategy for the Nador lagoon.

The workshop rose very high interest and was very well attended. We have made contact with the local university to enhance data exchange. All data that were presented at the workshop are publicly available through the MEDINA project geoportal.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014