ISTAR-D - The contribution to sea-level rise of the Amundsen Sea sector of Antarctica

Lead Research Organisation: University of Leeds
Department Name: School of Earth and Environment

Abstract

This proposal will resolve the differences between satellite altimeter, SAR and gravity estimates of the mass imbalance of the Amundsen sector ice streams, through exploiting surface observations of accumulation, density and solid Earth motion made on the ISAR-D traverses in 2012/3 and 2013/4 of the Pine Island basin, and the wider BAS logistics from 2013 to 2016. In particular, it will:The objectives of this proposal are:

1. Determine, at deep cores at some 10 sites along an 850 km traverse throughout the Pine Island Basin, the inter-annual, decadal, and ~ 50 year average accumulation.
2. Determine, using shallow access holes at some 50 sites along the traverse, the annual fluctuations of accumulation and near surface density over the past ~ 15 years.
3. Interpolate along the traverse the spatial variation in accumulation using surface-dragged accumulation radar measurements, and the annual fluctuations of accumulation and near surface density, using airborne radar measurements.
4. Determine the motion of the solid Earth, and millennial-scale ice sheet elevation history, at 3 nunatak sites in the interior of the Pine Island Basin.
5. Evaluate the accuracy of accumulation and densification forecast models using the inter-decadal, fluctuation measurements, and more sophisticated densification models, and use the combination to best estimate the fluctuations of accumulation and density over the past ~ 20 years in the Amundsen Sea sector and beyond.
6. Use a West Antarctic ice history model, based on exposure dates, with other observations, to best estimate the solid Earth motion of the Amundsen sea-sector, and use the measurements of crustal motion to test this.
7. Determine the contributions of accumulation and density fluctuations, and solid Earth motion, to altimetric and gravity satellite estimates of the mass balance of the Amundsen sector, and reassess the SAR-based estimates of mass balance in the light of the new accumulation and measurements.
8. Best estimate the mass balance, and its change in time, of the Amundsen sector basins.

These objectives answer directly to the objectives of the ISTAR-D Announcement of Opportunity, in that they will result in the determination of the spatial and temporal variability of the regions mass imbalance, and, inter alia, quantify the uncertainties associated with the satellite estimates. More widely, they answer to an identified priority of the NERC Polar Strategy, "Ice sheets and Sea Level Rise", and to challenges of the NERC Climate and Earth System Science themes.

Planned Impact

This proposal (ISTAR-D) is aimed at determining the recent past, and present contribution to sea level of the Amundsen sector drainage basins. It will run along side the second activity of this NERC opportunity, ISTAR-C, that will focus on the dynamical behaviour of the sector's ice streams. Together, the two activities will provide the best knowledge, and prediction of this sector's contribution to sea level. We intend to pursue a common impact plan with ISTAR-C, as our contribution to the wider impact plan of the ISTAR program as a whole. The following groups are identified as key stakeholders in iSTAR-C/D science, and will be specifically targeted by our Knowledge Exchange activities:

1. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The IPCC is by far the most authoritative group synthesising scientific knowledge and predictions of sea-level rise. It is therefore essential that l group synthesising and delivering sea-level rise projections to policy-makers, it is essential that iSTAR-C/D science is delivered to IPCC. Science to be included in the IPCC 5th Assessment Report has to be submitted for peer review by July, 2012, iSTAR-C/D science will only be available to subsequent reports. Since IPCC reports relies almost exclusively on peer-reivewed literature, delivery to IPCC must be achieved through such publications. PI ISTAR-C is a Coordinating Lead Author for IPCC 4th and 5th Assessment Report, and can direct ISTAR-C and -D investigators to ensure ISTAR C and D fully contribute to the IPCC.
2. UK Environment Agency. Because of limitations of the IPCC sea-level rise projections, the UK Environment Agency have found the need to develop its own UK specific sea-level rise scenarios. These were developed in conjunction with the Hadley Centre and BAS. A regular dialogue with the key Programme Managers at the Environment Agency (e.g. TE2100) will ensure that the Environment Agency is fully able to use science outcomes.
3. Living With Environmental Change (LWEC). LWEC is a UK government initiative to optimize the coherence and effectiveness of UK environmental research funding and ensure government, business and society have the foresight, knowledge and tools to mitigate, adapt to and capitalise on environmental change. The ISTAR-C PI currently leads an Accredited Activity ("Ice sheets and sea-level rise") within the Living With Environment Change programme (LWEC). Early discussions, indicate that the activities described in iSTAR-C/D are welcome as a substantial addition to this activity. LWEC is proving to be an effective method of delivery to UK government departments and iSTAR-C/D will be well-positioned to contribute, especially to the activities such as LWEC's development of the UK First Flood Research Strategy .
4. Space and Meteorological Operational Agencies & Supply Industry. The CryoSat-2 radar design, that originated with the ISTAR-D PI, has been adopted as standard for future European operational meteorological and oceanographic satellites, and in particular the GMES Sentinel 3 and NOAA/Eumetsat/CNES Jason-CS missions. ISTAR-D will provide the proving ground for the scientific data processing of these data. The ISTAR-D PI is actively involved in the provision, with industry, of ground processing software for these missions.
 
Title Antarctic Territory Stamp: P-Res 
Description Postage stamp for British Antarctic Territory picturing scientific experiment designed by CPOM/Leeds researcher Anna Hogg (phase-sensitive radar) during iSTAR traverse. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact Letters potentially delivered around the world featuring image on stamp. 
 
Description 2020 update: The team found that Antarctica's ice sheet has thinned by up to 122 metres in places, with the most rapid changes occurring in West Antarctica where ocean melting has triggered glacier imbalance. This means that the affected glaciers are unstable as they are losing more mass through melting and iceberg calving than they are gaining through snowfall. They also found that the pattern of glacier thinning has not been static. Since 1992, the thinning has spread across 24% of West Antarctica and over the majority of its largest ice streams - the Pine Island and Thwaites Glaciers - which are now losing ice five times faster than they were at the start of the survey. They used over 800 million measurements of the Antarctic ice sheet height recorded by the ERS-1, ERS-2, Envisat, and CryoSat-2 satellite altimeter missions between 1992 and 2017 and simulations of snowfall over the same period produced by the RACMO regional climate model. Together, these measurements allow changes in the ice sheet height to be separated into those due to weather patterns, such as less snowfall, and those due to longer term changes in climate, such as increasing ocean temperatures that eat away ice. They found that fluctuations in snowfall tend to drive small changes in height over large areas for a few years at a time, but the most pronounced changes in ice thickness are signals of glacier imbalance that have persisted for decades.

Key findings:
Using a long-term record of satellite observations we have quantified regional differences in ice-dynamical imbalance within the Amundsen Sea Embayment. Further work on snow fall variations on Pine Island Glacier from ground-based data, which might mask the actual signal of ice mass loss, is still in progress. Preliminary results yield a much improved map of yearly snow fall compared to earlier estimates. The programme formally ended in 2017 but overall findings include that future research in this field should include atmospheric processes, not just ice and ocean processes, while the value of long time series observations has proved critical and continuation of these time series efforts should be a high priority in the future. More observations are also needed of Pine Island Glacier before models can reliably predict the glacier's future behaviour. Highlights from the programme are set out here: https://www.istar.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/iSTAR-Highlights.pdf. These include the development of satellite techniques to deliver a more robust assessment of Antarctic ice loss, and improvements to the ice sheet models used to predict sea level rise.

In addition, BAS's new "tractor traverse" capability, in which tracked snow vehicles transport large equipment and portable living quarters across the ice, has been shown to provide a wide range and high quality of ice sheet data. Now proven, this capability can support further ice sheet research across a range of geoscience disciplines, including glaciology, geophysics, geology, paleoclimate, and atmospheric observations.
Exploitation Route Findings will be used to inform policy development on climate change and sea level rise. They will also be applied to the new NERC-NSF International Thwaites Glacier Collaboration, and in planning and executing polar fieldwork campaigns.
Sectors Education,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://www.istar.ac.uk/projects/ice-loss-istar-d/
 
Description Synthesis of findings is still in progress however they are already providing information on how combining satellite and ground-based data can help us unravel uncertainties in our projections for the future and provide us with a more comprehensive picture of mass ice loss. These new insights into the past and present behaviour of the glacier and conditions at the base of the ice, in combination with high-resolution topography, have enabled us to build better models of the ice flow. These in turn will lead to better predictions of the ice loss from West Antarctica. The field techniques are meanwhile being applied to new campaigns such as the NERC-NSF Thwaites programme.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Education,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal

 
Description Input to Arctic Select Committee of House of Lords - written evidence (Prof Andy Shepherd)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
URL http://data.parliament.uk/writtenevidence/committeeevidence.svc/evidencedocument/arctic-committee/ar...
 
Description Quantifying West Antarctic mantle viscosity via precise GPS measurement of Earth's response to surface mass balance anomalies
Amount £628,391 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/R002029/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 12/2022
 
Title GPR and pRES datasets along the 2013-2014 iSTAR traverse 
Description During the 2013-2014 ground traverse on Pine Island Glacier, two radar datasets were acquired. - the Ground Penetrating Radar is a 100 MHz radar that allows to track snow layers down to a depth of several tens of meters. - the phase sensitive Radio Echo Sounder (pRES) is a radar working in the 2-18 GHz range. It measured the snow pack backscatter at high vertical resolution and will make possible comparison with satellite measurements of the snow pack. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The exploitation of these sets of data will be made possible when further data is acquired (ice core to be retrieved in 2014-2015 are necessary to obtain datation). Precise datation from ice cores will be extended between sites using the radar datasets and allow to retrieve a precise history of accumulation on Pine Island Glacier over the last ~ 100 years. We intend to collaborate with an American team that worked on a similar subject, in order to extend and complete their findings. 
URL http://www.istar.ac.uk/projects/ice-loss-istar-d/
 
Title GPS data is being lodged with UNAVCO 
Description Some of the GPS data is being lodged with UNAVCO MELM site: https://www.unavco.org/data/doi/10.7283/T5PR7TC4 WLRD site: https://connect.unavco.org/display/dat895804 MTJN site: https://www.unavco.org/data/doi/10.7283/T5319T81 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact No notable impacts 
URL https://www.unavco.org/data/doi/10.7283/T5319T81
 
Title Glacier grounding lines 
Description Glacier Grounding lines are a key indicator of Antarctic Ice Sheet instability. Changes in their position reflect imbalance with the surrounding ocean and affect the flow of inland ice. We provide rates of Antarctic Grounding Line Migration (vgl) and respective uncertainty (delta vgl) from Cryosat-2 surface elevation and surface elevation change observations. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact tbc 
URL http://www.cpom.ucl.ac.uk/csopr/icesheets2/gll.html?ais_subject=gll&user_type=normal
 
Description A Comparison of Surface Thinning in West Antarctic Glaciers (Eos) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hannes Konrad's work on Antarctic glacier thinning was featured as a research spotlight article in Eos.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://eos.org/research-spotlights/a-comparison-of-surface-thinning-in-west-antarctic-glaciers?utm_...
 
Description Andy Sheperd - Talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact 27.11.19 - Andy Shepherd - Earth' ice is melting, UK Government Events, London, UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Comments in news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 12.3.19 - Andy Shepherd provides comments on the online Daily Express news article 'Antarctica DISCOVERY: British scientists find melting iceberg the size of BRISTOL'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1099149/global-warming-warning-news-climate-change-update-ice...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Interview on hottest day in Antarctica 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Andy Shepherd 8.2.20 - Television Interview on the Hottest Day in Antarctica - Euronews tonight - led to discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Andy Shepherd & Ines Otosaka - Press release 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 10.12.19 - Andy Shepherd & Ines Otosaka - Greenland losing ice 'faster than expected'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.leeds.ac.uk/news/article/4514/greenland_losing_ice_faster_than_expected
 
Description Andy Shepherd & Ines Otosaka - widesspread news article following press release 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 10.12.19 - Widespread coverage of new research by Ice Mass Balance Inter-comparison Exercise (IMBIE), led by Professor Andrew Shepherd and contributed to by Ines Otosaka (both Earth and Environment). The study, published in Nature, reveals Greenland's ice is melting seven times faster than in 1990s; tracking the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's (IPCC) high-end climate scenario. Current trends show this could raise the total number of people effected by coastal flooding, through sea level rise, to 400 million.
Greenland's ice sheet melting seven times faster than in 1990s - https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/dec/10/greenland-ice-sheet-melting-seven-times-faster-than-in-1990s

Greenland meltdown warning: World's second largest ice sheet is melting far more quickly than previously thought - leaving 400 million people exposed to coastal flooding by 2100 - https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-7776955/400-million-people-risk-FLOODING-2100-Greenland-ice-sheet-melts.html

Millions more face flooding risk as Greenland's ice melt gathers pace - https://www.thetimes.co.uk/edition/news/millions-more-face-flooding-risk-as-greenlands-ice-melt-gathers-pace-gzc6cjntv

Greenland ice melt puts 400 million people at risk of coastal flooding by 2100 - https://www.standard.co.uk/news/world/greenland-ice-melt-global-warming-flooding-sea-rise-a4309906.html

"Homeless crisis to hit 400,000,000 if Greenland ice keeps melting at the same rate" - https://metro.co.uk/2019/12/10/homeless-crisis-to-hit-400000000-if-greenland-ice-keeps-melting-at-the-same-rate-11589564/

https://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/natur/klimastudie-groenland-verliert-3800-milliarden-tonnen-eis-in-26-jahren-a-1300627.html

https://www.welt.de/wissenschaft/article204204172/Groenland-Eisschmelze-liess-Meeresspiegel-um-10-6-Millimeter-steigen.html

https://article.signal-ai.com/cff46f6e-1d45-3c74-ad99-471e5f828fac?u=f9157888-8859-4dec-89cc-3ce73fc5de40?igin=news-monitoring-app%20%20Sohu.com%20http://www.sohu.com/a/359745080_116237

Point of no return? Greenland ice loss occurring faster than expected - https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2019/12/11/world/science-health-world/point-no-return-greenland-ice-loss-occurring-faster-expected/#.XkQtv-9vKHt

Greenland has lost 3.8 trillion tonnes of ice since 1992 - https://theconversation.com/greenland-has-lost-3-8-trillion-tonnes-of-ice-since-1992-127752

Greenland's ice losses have septupled and are now in line with its highest sea-level scenario, scientists say; That's according to 26 separate satellite measurements and 89 scientists who have produced them. - https://article.signal-ai.com/085f0d92-56b0-3d77-8755-86a17e60044c?u=f9157888-8859-4dec-89cc-3ce73fc5de40?igin=docx


Greenland's ice sheet is melting faster and faster - https://nypost.com/2019/12/11/greenlands-ice-sheet-is-melting-faster-and-faster/

Greenland Is Losing Ice Seven Times Faster Than Three Decades Ago - https://www.iflscience.com/environment/greenland-is-losing-ice-seven-times-faster-than-three-decades-ago-/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/dec/10/greenland-ice-sheet-melting-seven-times-faster-t...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact "Heat wave" in Antarctica: NASA shows terrifying before-and-after images
Stern • 24th Feb, 2020 • News
International coverage of a heatwave in Antarctica. Features research led by Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment; ICAS) that revealed the disappearance of all Antarctic ice would result in a 58m rise in global sea level.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.stern.de/panorama/video-grauer-dienstag-an-der-boerse-9176362.html
 
Description Andy Shepherd - 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 17.12.19 - Greenland "melts": it loses ice 7 times faster than the 90s!

https://www.chinapress.com.my/20191217
https://dentondaily.com/satellites-saw-rapid-greenland-ice-loss/
https://www.peoplesworld.org/article/greenlands-ice-melting-at-rate-that-surpasses-scientists-expectations/
https://www.libe.ma/La-glace-du-Groenland-fond-de-plus-en-plus_a113978.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.chinapress.com.my/20191217
 
Description Andy Shepherd - study featuring on the Radio 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 10.12.19 - Broadcast coverage: BBC News 24: 4:19pm - BBC Radio 4 (from 20:55); also on various US radio news bulletins.
Greenland's ice sheet melting seven times faster than in 1990s
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/sounds/play/m000c4qf
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Careers fair 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 6.12.19 - Harrogate Grammar School, stall at Careers Fair, ~100 pupils + parents
Science as a career
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Comments on article in Today online 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Half of world's beaches could vanish by 2100
Today Online • 7th Mar, 2020 • News
An article looking at how half of the world's beaches could fall victim to climate change and disappear by 2100. Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) comments on how this may happen.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.todayonline.com/contact-us
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Comments on news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 2.12.19 - Professor Andrew Shepherd (ICAS) comments on a study that demonstrates a link between the thinning of ice around Antarctica and mass loss from the interior of the continent.
"Climate change: Study underpins key idea in Antarctic ice loss"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-50625396
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Comments online news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 12.3.2020 - Andy Shepherd comments on BBC report 'Greenland and Antarctica ice loss accelerating' - this led to further interviews and discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-51846468
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Long read article examining how 2019 made climate issues feel more pressing than ever 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 23.12.19 - "A long-read article examining how 2019 made climate issues feel more pressing than ever, in spite of the term ""global warming"" first being used in 1675. Features a comment from Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment). "
What have we learnt from 20 years of climate science?
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://article.signal-ai.com/ec5a3969-aaff-389f-bc23-efdf3975e14e?u=f9157888-8859-4dec-89cc-3ce73fc...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online article comments 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Climate change could wipe out half the world's beaches
2nd Mar, 2020 • News
Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment; ICAS) comments on new research that highlights the risk rising sea levels and storms potentially pose to around half the beaches around the world.
Also in:
Daily Mail - https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-8065697/Half-worlds-beaches-disappear-end-century-climate-change.html
SBS News (Australia) - https://www.sbs.com.au/news/half-the-world-s-beaches-could-vanish-by-2100-and-australia-s-coastline-will-be-hit-the-hardest
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://inews.co.uk/news/environment/climate-change-coastal-erosion-sea-temperatures-beaches-brazil-...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online article refernces study 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 5.12.19 - An article on the results of a three-month study into ocean currents around Antarctica, focusing on its use of an elephant seal as an assistant. It references a 2018 study led by Professor Andy Shepherd (ICAS) into the impact of ice loss from the region on sea levels. 
NASA enlists a southern elephant seal to help gather data about changing currents and ocean temperatures around Antarctica
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.mailonsunday.co.uk/sciencetech/article-7757237/NASA-enlists-elephant-seal-gather-data-ch...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact "Coverage of recent research warning of the lasting effects of fast-moving changes to the Amazon, such as deforestation, as they approach a 'tipping point'. Features comment by Dr Adriane Esquivel Muelbert (Geography). The piece also mentions research led by Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) into the melting of Greenland's ice shelf."
Top scientists warn of an Amazon 'tipping point'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.washingtonpost.com/gdpr-consent/?next_url=https%3a%2f%2fwww.washingtonpost.com%2fclimate...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 3-5 September 2019 - Further coverage: Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) comments on an idea proposed by a team of designers as a response to the climate crisis: iceberg-making submarines. "

"This Proposal To Refreeze The Arctic Involves Submarines And Hexagon-Shaped Icebergs" - https://www.iflscience.com/environment/this-proposal-to-refreeze-the-arctic-involves-submarines-and-hexagon-shaped-icebergs/

"Radical ways to 'refreeze' the Arctic proposed" http://www.szdaily.com/content/2019-09/05/content_22445475.htm

Iceberg artificiali: il progetto per ricreare il ghiaccio ai Poli. Ma funziona davvero?https://www.ilmessaggero.it/scienza/iceberg_artificiali_ghiaccio_polo_nord_artico_clima_ambiente_mare-4714091.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.iflscience.com/environment/this-proposal-to-refreeze-the-arctic-involves-submarines-and-...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 2.7.19 - CNN - Professor Andrew Shepherd comments on CNN about the reduction in Antarctic sea ice.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://edition.cnn.com/2019/07/01/world/antarctica-sea-ice-melting-climate-intl/index.html
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 23.5.19 - Research led by Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) has found in only 25 years ocean melting has caused ice thinning to spread across West Antarctica so rapidly that 24% of its glacier ice is now affected.
graffiotech - 2m sea level rise 'plausible' by 2100
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://graffiotech.com/2019/05/23/2m-sea-level-rise-plausible-by-2100/
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact "ChinaDaily.com.cn 19th September - News
Further coverage: Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) comments on former government adviser Professor David King's warnings over climate change." Quote taken from the BBC.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://global.chinadaily.com.cn/a/201909/19/WS5d82d957a310cf3e3556c50e.html
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 12.12.19 - Coverage of an animation revealing what Earth would look like if the oceans disappeared. Mentions the recent research led by Dr Andrew Shepherd (ICAS) that highlights the rate at which the Greenland ice shelf is melting, with a quote.
Timelapse shows how Earth would look if the oceans drained
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-7786691/Timelapse-shows-Earth-look-oceans-drained.ht...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 6.11.19 - Professor Andrew Shepherd is quoted in this article in The Independent as 11,000 scientists from 153 countries warn that if governments continue to do nothing, rising global emissions will cause "untold human suffering"
"Climate scientists have been ignored for 40 years - but we must start listening now"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.independent.co.uk/independentpremium/news-analysis/scientists-climate-change-untold-huma...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 15.10.19 - Flooding events will increase if sea levels rise, warns Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment).
Antarctica shock: 'Upside down' rivers melting Antarctica from the inside-out
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1190469/antarctica-discovery-climate-change-global-warming-se...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 25.9.19 - "Scientists issued the stark warning days after millions of young people demanded an end to the fossil fuel era at protests around the globe. Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) comments is quoted about Antarctic and Greenland ice losses. "
UN warns not to buy coastal properties as sea levels rise at record rates
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/breaking-un-warns-not-buy-20171889
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 20.11.19 - Professor Andrew Shepherd discusses in Nature some of the challenges of large consortium publishing.
"How to manage a multi-author megapaper"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-03544-x
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC News 16th May - News
Research led by Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) has found in only 25 years ocean melting has caused ice thinning to spread across West Antarctica so rapidly that 24% of its glacier ice is now affected.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-48249287
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news article quoted 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact "NewsBeezer 1st November - News
Article references previous research led by Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) which found Antarctica is melting three times as fast as a decade ago. "
https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1198286/antarctica-discovery-antarctic-news-ice-map-america-antarctic-continent
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1198286/antarctica-discovery-antarctic-news-ice-map-america-a...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news article with comments 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 21.5.19 - More related online articles to Research led by Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) has found in only 25 years ocean melting has caused ice thinning to spread across West Antarctica so rapidly that 24% of its glacier ice is now affected.
"Warn that the loss of ice became unstable to one-fourth part of Antarctica"
Russia Today; Conserve Energy Future; AlterNet.org
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news article with comments 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 18.12.19 - Ongoing coverage in Express Online of research led by Professor Andrew Shepherd that found Greenland's ice sheets are melting seven times faster than in the 1990s. The article focuses on the potential impact of rising sea levels on as many as 100,000 UK residents.
"UK underwater map: 100,000 Brits are at risk of severe coastal flooding as sea levels rise"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1217691/UK-underwater-map-flood-warning-Britain-climate-chang...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news articles Polar ice caps melting six times faster than in 1990s 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 11.3.2020 - Andy Shepherd, Polar ice caps melting six times faster than in 1990s
The Guardian • 11th Mar, 2020 • News
Widespread international coverage of new university research led by Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) that revealed Greenland and Antarctica are losing ice faster than in the 1990s and are both tracking the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's worst-case climate warming scenario.
Also in:
The Guardian (print),
Daily Mail - https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-8101381/Greenland-Antarctica-losing-ice-SIX-TIMES-faster-1990s.html
iNews - https://inews.co.uk/news/environment/greenland-antarctica-ice-melting-sea-levels-global-warming-nature-2447553
European Space Agency - http://www.esa.int/Applications/Observing_the_Earth/Space_for_our_climate/Greenland_and_Antarctica_losing_ice_six_times_faster_than_expected
Japan Times - https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/03/12/world/science-health-world/sixfold-polar-ice-loss-lifts-oceans/#.Xmoflu9vKHt
Outlook India - https://www.outlookindia.com/newsscroll/greenland-antarctica-ice-loss-accelerating/1758936
Armenian News - https://www.tert.am/en/news/2020/03/12/greenland/3234447
MSN Canada - https://www.msn.com/en-ca/news/world/polar-ice-caps-melting-six-times-faster-than-in-1990s/ar-BB11584k
ABC Spain - https://www.abc.es/sociedad/abci-antartida-y-groenlandia-pierden-hielo-seis-veces-mas-rapido-90-202003120206_noticia.html?ref=https://app.signal-ai.com/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news articles following press release 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 16.5.19 - Research led by Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) has found in only 25 years ocean melting has caused ice thinning to spread across West Antarctica so rapidly that 24% of its glacier ice is now affected. Several news articles listed below including Andy Shepherds comments.

Instability spreading in West Antarctic ice sheet - https://edition.cnn.com/2019/05/16/europe/antarctic-glacier-melt-scli-intl-scn/index.html

Antarctic ice sheets thinning faster than ever before, satellite data reveals - https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/climate-crisis-west-antarctic-ice-sheet-sea-level-rise-a8916971.html

POLAR PANIC Antarctica 'thinning' at 'extraordinary rate' as experts reveal 100 METRES of ice sheet thickness has vanished since the 90s - and risks 'drowning coastal cities around the world' - https://www.thesun.co.uk/tech/9091168/antarctica-thinning-at-extraordinary-rate/

A Quarter of West Antarctica's Ice Is Now Unstable, Study Finds - https://earther.gizmodo.com/a-quarter-of-west-antarcticas-ice-is-now-unstable-stud-1834824651

Extraordinary thinning' of ice sheets revealed deep inside Antarctica - https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/may/16/thinning-of-antarctic-ice-sheets-spreading-inland-rapidly-study

Scientists warn West Antarctica's ice has thinned by 'extraordinary amounts' as study on 25 years of satellite data reveals glacier thickness has dropped 400 FEET in some areas - https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-7038111/Scientists-warn-Antarctic-ice-thinned-extraordinary-amounts.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://edition.cnn.com/2019/05/16/europe/antarctic-glacier-melt-scli-intl-scn/index.html
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news story 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 12.12.19 - Professor Andrew Shepherd (ICAS) is quoted in this article pointing out how the timely publication of reports on Greenland's ice sheet and the Arctic permafrost lend additional credibility to Time Magazine's decision to name Greta Thunberg person of the year.

These 2 Disastrous Climate Reports Are Kind of an Argument for Greta Thunberg
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.esquire.com/news-politics/a30197249/greta-thunberg-time-person-of-the-year-permafrost-me...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online news story with comments 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 13.12.19 - Coverage of an animation in the Daily Mail revealing what Earth would look like if the oceans disappeared. It mentions recent research led by Dr Andrew Shepherd that highlights the rate at which the Greenland ice shelf is melting.
"Timelapse shows how Earth would look if the oceans drained"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-7786691/Timelapse-shows-Earth-look-oceans-drained.ht...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online scientific news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 28.10.19 - Further coverage of research led by Professor Andrew Shepherd that has quantified the extent of glacial thinning can be read in the Scientific Inquirer.
Glacier thinning is on the rise in the Western Antarctic
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://scientificinquirer.com/2019/10/28/glacier-thinning-is-on-the-rise-in-the-western-antarctic/
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Online specialist article with comments 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact New Scientist - Professor Andrew Shepherd urges caution in this article in New Scientist regarding research suggesting Antarctic ice shelves were predisposed to collapsing because they were thinning for the past 300 years. He warns of the difficulty in pinpointing glacier changes before the 20th century.
"Collapse of Antarctic ice may have been centuries in the making"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://institutions.newscientist.com/article/2220977-collapse-of-antarctic-ice-may-have-been-centur...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Onlines news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 27.1.2020 - The piece includes coverage of research led by Professor Andy Shepherd and IMBIE about Greenland's increasing ice loss.
"Antarctica Faces Irreversible Glacial Melt 200 Years After Discovery
NewsWeek piece looking at Antarctica's ice loss over the past 200 years, and what we can expect in its future. "
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.newsweek.com/200-years-antarctica-discovered-continent-glacial-melting-1483888
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Press release 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 16.5.19 - Research led by Andy Shepherd, comments feature in University of Leeds press release on 'Nearly a quarter of West Antarctic ice is now unstable'. The press release led to further comments in other media articles.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.leeds.ac.uk/news/article/4417/nearly_a_quarter_of_west_antarctic_ice_is_now_unstable
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Press release and comments Six-fold increase in polar ice losses since the 1990s 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 11.3.2020 - Andy Shepherd, CPOM director comments in press release on 'Six-fold increase in polar ice losses since the 1990s'. The press release led to the article featuring in news articles across the world.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.leeds.ac.uk/news/article/4561/six-fold_increase_in_polar_ice_losses_since_the_1990s
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Public Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Andy Shepherd - 7/2/2019, Earth's ice is melting, UCL Public Lecture, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Quoted in online article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 12.12.19 - "Professor Andrew Shepherd is quoted in this article in Esquire pointing out how the timely publication of reports on Greenland's ice sheet and the Arctic permafrost lend additional credibility to Time Magazine's decision to name Greta Thunberg Person of the Year."
These Two Disastrous Climate Reports Are Kind of an Argument for Greta Thunberg
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.esquire.com/news-politics/a30197249/greta-thunberg-time-person-of-the-year-permafrost-me...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Radio 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 15.12.19 - "The Paul Hudson Weather Show
Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) appears on Paul Hudson's Weather Show to discuss the research project examining Greenland's ice melt. Starts at 41 minutes 50 seconds. The show was repeated on BBC Humberside and BBC York at various times over the weekend."
" Research project examining Greenland's ice melt. "
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/sounds/play/p07vmyhr
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Radio 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 17.12.19 - Greenland "melts": it loses ice 7 times faster than the 90s!
"Radio Gamma Ongoing coverage of research led by Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) that shows the rapid rate of glacial ice melt in Greenland (article in Greek). "
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.radiogamma.gr/n/%C2%AB%CE%BB%CE%B9%CF%8E%CE%BD%CE%B5%CE%B9%C2%BB-%CE%B7-%CE%B3%CF%81%CE%...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Radio interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 24.5.19 - BBC world service - Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) discusses the changes taking place on the Patagonian ice fields and the impact of climate change
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Radio interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 24.4.19 - Andy Shepherd CPOM director was interviewed on the Paul Hudson Weather Show (BBC York local radio) and talked about the David Attenborough climate change film. The show was first aired over the Easter weekend.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/sounds/play/p0757mn7
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Radio interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 17.12.19 - "BBC Lincolnshire Repeat of Paul Hudson's Weather show from 14 December featuring Dr Vernon Manville and Professor Andrew Shepherd (both Earth and Environment). They discuss the volcanic eruption in New Zealand (9 minutes 40 seconds) and research into ice melt in Greenland (41 minutes 46 seconds) respectively."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p07vmyhr
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Radio interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 26.5.19 - "Paul Hudson's Weather Show BBC Leeds Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) discusses how European satellites have detailed the abrupt change in behaviour of Greenland's Jakobshavn glacier."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p079d5w5
 
Description Andy Shepherd - School Talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 14/11/2019 - Ruskin Mill Trust, 1 hour talk to ~20 autistic secondary school pupils,
Earths ice is melting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd - School Talk/Presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 17.7.19 - Andy Shepherd - Earths ice from Space
Bacup Secondary School 1 hour talk to ~200 year 10 pupils
Sparked questions and discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd - TV interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 4.12.19 - Professor Andrew Shepherd (ICAS) appears on BBC Breakfast Interview to comment on the UN conference on global warming. Segment starts at 8.22am.
"comment on the UN conference on global warming. "
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m000byyq
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 28.1.19 - Andy Shepherd - Western Primary School, 1 hour talk on Antarctica
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 10/6/2019, Andy Shepherd talk at CryoSat mission, UKRI Launch Event, Leeds, UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Talk at a course 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 8/11/2019, Andy Shepherd - Sea ice altimetry, ESA Ocean Training Course, Crete, Greece
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Talk at a school 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 17/7/2019, Andy Shepherd talk - Earth's ice from space, Baccup School, Baccup, UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Talk at workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 29/3/2019, Andy Shepherd - Changes in Polar Regions, ESA-EC Bilateral Workshop, European Commission, Brussels
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Television interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact CPOM Director Andy Shepherd appeared on BBC Breakfast on 14.4.19 to discuss climate change in Greenland and his recent fieldwork that took ice cores to track changes in the ice sheets. Sparked question and discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/sounds/play/p074y9v0
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Television interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact September 2019 - "BBC 1 Breakfast Professor Andrew Shepherd joins the BBC Breakfast team on the sofa to discuss ice sheets melting by a record amount this year"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bing.com/search?q=bbc+breakfast+andy+shepherd&qs=n&form=QBRE&sp=-1&pq=bbc+breakfast+andy...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - Television interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 18.4.19 - Andy Shepherd the CPOM Director appeared on the BBC 1 documentary "Climate Change: the facts" narrated by David Attenborough.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m00049b1
 
Description Andy Shepherd - University Talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact 11.11.19 - Cambridge University Geography Society 1 hour talk to ~50 students
Earths ice from Space
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd - media quote 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 18.4.19 - Andy Shepherd quoted from the BBC documnetary in Daily Mirror article previewing the BBC documentary: Climate Change - The Facts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.mirror.co.uk/tv/tv-news/sir-david-attenborough-documentary-viewers-14431924
 
Description Andy Shepherd - online news article comments 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 20.9.19 - "Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) describes a potential consequence of recent findings that Antarctic glaciers are moving towards the sea '100 percent' faster than previously thought. "
Antarctica discovery: Scientists stunned by major discovery - ramifications across globe
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1180034/antarctica-discovery-map-sea-levels-rising-climate-ch...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - online news article comments 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact 19.5.19 - Further coverage: Research led by Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment) has found in only 25 years ocean melting has caused ice thinning to spread across West Antarctica so rapidly that 24% of its glacier ice is now affected
Antarctica SHOCK: Ice 'vanishing FIVE TIMES faster' than anticipated - experts WORRIED
Long Room.com;
The Guardian;
Daily Express
The Herald
The Scotsman
MSN Canada
New York Post

Antarctica SHOCK: Ice 'vanishing FIVE TIMES faster' than anticipated - experts WORRIED
People's World
Yale E360
NTV.com.tr
La Repubblica
United Press International
Gizmodo Australia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1129173/antarctica-ice-sheets-thinning-thwaites-glacier-clima...
 
Description Andy Shepherd - science advise to the BBC Frozen Planet 2 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Andy Shepherd CPOM Director - Provided science advise to the BBC Frozen Planet 2 documentary production team (though it is not yet broadcast).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd - talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact 11/2/19 - Andy Shepherd - Government Events UK Climate Change Conference, 20 minute talk
Earth's ice is melting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd - talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 30/10/2019 - Leeds Beckett University School of Architecture, 1 hour talk
Earths ice is melting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd - talk at workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 11/1/2019, Andy Shepherd - Cryosat follow on mission, talk at ESA HPCM Workshop, ESTEC, Netherlands
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Andy Shepherd online news story 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 24.2.20 - International coverage of a heatwave in Antarctica. Features research led by Professor Andrew Shepherd (Earth and Environment; ICAS) that revealed the disappearance of all Antarctic ice would result in a 58m rise in global sea level.
"Heat wave" in Antarctica: NASA shows terrifying before-and-after images~
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.stern.de/-hitzewelle--in-der-antarktis--nasa-zeigt-erschreckende-vorher-nachher-bilder-9...
 
Description Antarctica's unstable glaciers (BBC Inside Science) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hannes Konrad was interviewed about his research into the varying pace of change at several key Antarctic glaciers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b084thpm#playt=12m48s
 
Description Ice loss spreads up Antarctic glaciers (BBC website) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hannes Konrad and Andy Shepherd describe research into the varying pace of change at Antarctic glaciers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-38256932
 
Description Ice losses at Antarctic glaciers (BBC Radio Leeds Weather Show) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Hannes Konrad was interviewed about his research on the varying pace of change at several key Antarctic glaciers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04lwdwq
 
Description Mal McMillan and Andy Shepherd - Comment on news article 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact World Economic Forum: Antarctica's ice is melting 5 times faster than in the 90s, https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/05/antarctica-s-ice-is-melting-5-times-faster-than-in-the-90s, 20 May 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/05/antarctica-s-ice-is-melting-5-times-faster-than-in-the-90s
 
Description Press release (University of Leeds): Antarctica's ice losses on the rise 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press release communicated the results of the paper 'Increased ice losses from Antarctica detected by CryoSat-2' (Geophysical Research Letters, 2014), showing that the Antarctic ice sheet is now losing 159 billion tonnes of ice each year - twice as much as when it was last surveyed.

Story picked up by 8 national and international media outlets including The Times, Guardian, BBC Online, Al Jazeera America, NBC News and New York Times.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.leeds.ac.uk/news/article/3531/antarcticas_ice_losses_on_the_rise
 
Description Press release (University of Leeds): Leading the way in Earth observation research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Awareness raised of both Earth observation in general and CPOM's research interests.

TBC
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.leeds.ac.uk/news/article/3511/leading_the_way_in_earth_observation_research
 
Description Royal Met Soc Yorkshire Talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Anna Hogg gave a talk to the Royal Met Soc Yorkshire on her Antarctic fieldwork.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.rmets.org/events/ups-and-downs-life-freezer-tale-two-poles
 
Description Satellites track variations in Antarctica's glacial retreat (ESA website) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Hannes Konrad and Andy Shepherd describe research into the varying pace of change at Antarctic glaciers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Observing_the_Earth/CryoSat/Satellites_track_variations_in_Antarct...