Analysis of historic drought and water scarcity in the UK: a systems-based study of drivers, impacts and their interactions

Lead Research Organisation: Cranfield University
Department Name: School of Water, Energy and Environment

Abstract

Drought and water scarcity (D&WS) are significant threats to livelihoods and wellbeing in many countries, including the United Kingdom (UK). Parts of the UK are already water-stressed and are facing a wide range of pressures, including an expanding population and intensifying exploitation of increasingly limited water resources. In addition, many regions may become significantly drier in future due to environmental changes, all of which implies major challenges to water resource management. However, D&WS are not simply natural hazards. There are also a range of socio-economic and regulatory factors that may influence the course of droughts, such as water consumption practices and abstraction licensing regimes. Consequently, if drought and water scarcity are to be better managed, there is a need for a more detailed understanding of the links between hydrometeorological and social systems during droughts.
Based on an analysis of information from a wide range of sectors (hydrometeorological, environmental, agricultural, regulatory, social and cultural), the project will characterise and quantify the history of drought and water scarcity (D&WS) since the late 19th century and will produce the first systematic account (UK Drought Inventory) of droughts in the UK. The Inventory forms the basis of a novel joint hydro-meteorological and socio-economic analysis of the drivers of drought and their impacts, with a focus on a search for characteristic systems interactions. The enhanced systems-based understanding is expected to improve decision-making for future drought management and planning, including more informed and thus effective public discourse related to D&WS.
Currently there are no conceptual models of D&WS that describe interactions between hydrometerological and socio-economic drivers and environmental and societal impacts of droughts. The first task will therefore develop a new systems-based conceptualisation of D&WS. This will be used to investigate drought drivers, impacts and their interdependencies. The second task will produce the knowledge base for use within the project and the wider NERC UK Drought and Water Scarcity Programme. It involves the compilation of datasets and metadata, including data and information for selected case study episodes of D&WS. Information on the social and cultural aspects of D&WS will be compiled from oral histories and collation of reports in the historic and recent print and broadcast media, and the first analysis of social media from the 2010-12 drought will be carried out. The third task will develop the Drought Inventory by a novel combination of drought timelines, sector-specific narrative chronologies highlighting key events, and the production of new cross-sectoral drought indicators. To understand the interactions between social and environmental systems during D&WS episodes, the fourth task will: identify significant systems interactions across a range of droughts; identify key triggers and thresholds for droughts; and, describe the reasons behind any changes in systems interactions in droughts over the historic record. The final and fifth task examines how socio-economic context and water resource management practices contributed to resilience to episodes of D&WS in the historic record and considers the implications for changes in planning for the management of future droughts. It also provides an assessment of what are the most effective forms of dialogue and information exchange between the public and those responsible for water resource management that may contribute to beneficial outcomes during future episodes of D&WS.
The key research outcomes will be: a systems-based understanding of D&WS in the context of multiple environmental and societal drivers; an accessible, integrated cross-sector UK Drought Inventory; improved advice and methods to support decision making related to drought management; and, new strategies to re-frame public discourse related to D&WS.

Planned Impact

Due to the nature of the project, there will be multiple beneficiaries from the findings of the project. The following identifies who will benefit from the research and how they will benefit from different aspects of the proposed research.
The principal beneficiaries of the project will be: 1.) policy makers and environmental regulators in the UK; 2.) decision makers and water resource managers in water utilities; 3.) decision makers and managers in UK businesses where decisions related to water use and management are business-critical, including the agricultural sector; 4.) NGOs and Third Sector organisations with an interest in water resources issues and environmental management; 5.) the general public; 6.) communications professionals; 7.) academics and researchers with an interest in drought and water scarcity (D&WS); and 8.) the teaching profession, specifically those delivering key stage 3 and above related to environmental science.
The project will develop a systems-based understanding of D&WS. This will provide a framework for policymakers and environmental regulators, and those with responsibility for long-term water resource management to include and take account of broader socio-economic factors in decision making. Benefits will include improved, more integrated regulatory, planning and decision making processes related to D&WS in the UK.
The UK Drought Inventory, a cross-sector evidence base of historic episodes of D&WS produced by the project, will provide a common reference for policy makers and regulators, water supply companies, and UK business to make decisions in the context of D&WS and key reference droughts. This will enable the development of better drought mitigation plans, leading to improved long-term management of water resources and a reduction in the cost of droughts to UK business. Because it is a common evidence base, it will enable more consistent, transparent planning against standard benchmarks across multiple agencies.
The project will produce improved advice and methods to support decision making related to drought management during episodes of D&WS. Regulators, water resources managers, UK industry, particularly the agricultural sector, with responsibilities for strategic and operational decision making during episodes of D&WS will benefit from the advice, guidance and new methods developed to support decision making. Benefits will include more effective and timely management interventions as droughts develop and as they end; interventions based on commonly agreed principles and evidence; and, more certainty in management and co-ordination of response to droughts.
The development of new strategies to re-frame public discourse related to D&WS is a specific goal for the project. Beneficiaries of these new strategies include: policy makers and regulators; water supply companies; the public; and, NGOs and community groups, particularly those who are responsible for providing information for and engaging in dialogue with the public on issues related to water resources. The benefits include a more informed public debate around issues associated with D&WS; greater clarity regarding decision making process during droughts; wider consensus regarding the positive contribution the public can make to best water resource outcomes during episodes of D&WS.
The project will deliver a series of significant new resources for academics and researchers working in the field of drought research, that when combined with outputs from the other UK Drought Programme projects will have a significant international impact and will lead to major advances in research in this field.
The resources proposed to be developed for teachers as part of the follow-on knowledge exchange activities will provide teachers with appropriate, authoritative materials that will make their teaching of issues related to water resources more effective and will contribute to a more informed generation of young people.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Our analysis suggests that the total net benefits of irrigation in England and Wales in a 'design' dry year are around £219 million, with an average irrigation water productivity in excess of £1.80 per m3. There are, however, significant regional differences in water productivity reflecting the composition of land use and the importance of crop mix in determining economic value. The analysis highlights the importance of supplemental irrigation and the risks that future droughts and/or constraints in water resource availability might have on agricultural systems, livelihoods and the rural economy.

We have collated a database of more than 2000 entries from the main farming magazines (Farmers Weekly and Farmers Guardian) describing the impacts of droughts and water scarcity on agriculture since the mid 1970s and the responses of the sector. The database is freely available. The agricultural entries are currently being expanded to include the 2018 drought.

The drought impacts database has been used to explore regional relationship between drought impacts occurrence in British agriculture and two of the most commonly used drought indices (SPI and SPEI). Results show that SPEI calculated for the preceding six months is the best indicator to predict the probability of drought impacts on agriculture in the UK, although the variation in the response to SPEI6 differed between regions. However, this variation appears to result both from the method by which SPEI is derived, which means that similar values of the index equate to different soil moisture conditions in wet and dry regions, and from the variation in agriculture between regions. The study shows that SPEI alone has limited value as an indicator of agricultural droughts in heterogeneous areas and that such results cannot be usefully extrapolated between regions.

Our research has sought to understand how irrigated agriculture in the UK has been affected by past droughts and how different actors (regulators and farmers) have adapted their activities and strategies over time to increase their resilience. A combination of data collected from an online survey, and interviews with farmers and water regulatory agency staff were used to explore attitudes and decision-making processes during drought events. The results highlight how agricultural drought management strategies have evolved over time, including how specific aspects have helped to reduce future drought risks. The importance of adopting a drought management approach that brings together the regulator, agricultural industry and individual farmers, coupled with a better understanding of past drought impacts and management options, is shown to be crucial for improving decision-making during future drought events.
Exploitation Route The agricultural drought inventory is freely available as a resource to illustrate the diversity of impacts of and responses to drought.
Analysis is being used with farming sector representatives to make the case for 'water for food' within evolving policy to deliver sustainable water resources management.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Environment

URL http://historicdroughts.ceh.ac.uk
 
Description Due to our close working relationships with the National Farmers Union and the UK Irrigation Association, our work is informing their ongoing discussions to achieve a fair share of water for agriculture given increasing water scarcity, resource competition and legislative requirements for environmental protection. Our economic analysis of the net-benefit of irrigation in a dry-year have been well received in demonstrating the case for agricultural water use during drought and may have contributed to the changing approach adopted by Defra with regard to constraining direct spray irrigation groundwater abstraction licences for WFD compliance. Engagement with agribusinesses during the award led to four major irrigated businesses acting as Project Partners for a successful NERC Open Innovation call application to understand the economic impacts of abstraction licencing changes due to the Water Framework Directive on their farm businesses. This work is also supported by the National Farmers Union and the UK Irrigation Association to deliver wider non-academic impacts.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Environment
Impact Types Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Development and delivery of M-level module on "Drought and Water Scarcity"
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description BBRO
Amount £40,836 (GBP)
Organisation British Beet Research Organisation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2017 
End 07/2017
 
Description Directed-International (SE Asia Hazards)
Amount £435,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/S003223/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2018 
End 09/2021
 
Description Financial support for MSc group project
Amount £3,000 (GBP)
Organisation UK Irrigation Association 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2015 
End 06/2016
 
Description KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER PARTNERSHIP No KTP011130 between Cranfield University and The Royal Horticultural Society
Amount £240,000 (GBP)
Funding ID KTP011130 
Organisation Innovate UK 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2018 
End 11/2021
 
Description NERC Drought and WaterScarcity Programme WP4
Amount £2,000,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 09/2019
 
Description NERC Open Innovation Call
Amount £117,238 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/N017471/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 03/2018
 
Description NERC Research programme policy impact - short-term opportunity
Amount £13,914 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 04/2018
 
Title Agricultural drought impacts database 
Description A database of reported drought impacts on the agricultural sector and responses to those impacts has been collated. This database brings together a compendium of text excepts from Farmers Weekly and Farmers Guardian since 1977, web survey results, interviews with farmers and regulators and statistical data. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The database collation is still in progress, but findings from it have been used within two published paper on "Modelling and mapping the economic value of supplemental irrigation in a humid climate" and "Developing drought resilience in irrigated agriculture in the face of increasing water scarcity". These have been circulated to the National Farmers Union and UK Irrigation Association to inform their ongoing engagement to secure water for agriculture and food. 
 
Title Historic droughts and irrigated agriculture - Interviews with growers in the Anglian region, UK 
Description This datasets contains the anonymised transcripts of interviews with irrigators in the Anglian region (UK) carried out between February 2015 and March 2016. A total of 15 growers participated in this study to understand how they had been impacted by, and responded to, past droughts. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Used within published paper 
URL https://figshare.com/articles/Historic_droughts_and_irrigated_agriculture_-_Interviews_with_growers_...
 
Title HistoricDroughts Agricultural Drought inventory 
Description Agricultural Drought inventory contains qualitative drought data on over 2200 references related to UK agriculture based on an extensive review of two weekly farming magazines in the UK: Farmers Weekly and Farmers Guardian for the period 1975-2012 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Used in multiple presentations; academic paper and larger HistoricDroughts inventory 
URL http://reshare.ukdataservice.ac.uk/853167/
 
Description International expert to "Adaptation strategies for sustainable ecosystem services and food security under adverse environmental conditions" project 
Organisation Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Department Global Change Research Institute
PI Contribution Contributed, as part of the invited international expert, to the SustES "Adaptation strategies for sustainable ecosystem services and food security under adverse environmental conditions" proposal. Recently (Dec 2017) awarded funding from the EU European Structural and Investment Funds. Contributing to the landuse change and agricultural drought modelling, feeding through into the ecosystem service assessment, and capacity building activities
Collaborator Contribution Proposal was led by the Global Change Research Institute of the Czech Academy of Science. They are providing access to data ad a well-resourced multidisciplinary team
Impact Inception meeting in March 2018,so no outcomes yet
Start Year 2018
 
Description Invited tutor with CzechGlobe Summer School 
Organisation Justus Liebig University Giessen
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Keynote speaker and seminar group leader within early career and PhD student summer school; co-author on journal manuscript in preparation
Collaborator Contribution Workshop organisation; journal manuscript proposal
Impact Journal paper in press: • Trnka M, Hayes M, Jurecka F, Bartošová L , Anderson M, Brázdil R, Brown J, Camarero JJ, Cudlín P, Dobrovolný P, Itzinger J, Feng S, Finnessey T, Gregoric G, Havlik P, Hain C, Holman I et al (In Press). Priority questions in multidisciplinary drought research. Clim Res. Also collaboration has led to involvement in a recently awarded multi-disciplinary project to the European Structural and Investment Funds on "SustES - Adaptation strategies for sustainable ecosystem services and food security under adverse environmental conditions"
Start Year 2014
 
Description Invited tutor with CzechGlobe Summer School 
Organisation University of Nebraska–Lincoln
Department National Drought Mitigation Centre
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Keynote speaker and seminar group leader within early career and PhD student summer school; co-author on journal manuscript in preparation
Collaborator Contribution Workshop organisation; journal manuscript proposal
Impact Journal paper in press: • Trnka M, Hayes M, Jurecka F, Bartošová L , Anderson M, Brázdil R, Brown J, Camarero JJ, Cudlín P, Dobrovolný P, Itzinger J, Feng S, Finnessey T, Gregoric G, Havlik P, Hain C, Holman I et al (In Press). Priority questions in multidisciplinary drought research. Clim Res. Also collaboration has led to involvement in a recently awarded multi-disciplinary project to the European Structural and Investment Funds on "SustES - Adaptation strategies for sustainable ecosystem services and food security under adverse environmental conditions"
Start Year 2014
 
Description Invited tutor with CzechGlobe Summer School 
Organisation WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF
Department Landscape Dynamics
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Keynote speaker and seminar group leader within early career and PhD student summer school; co-author on journal manuscript in preparation
Collaborator Contribution Workshop organisation; journal manuscript proposal
Impact Journal paper in press: • Trnka M, Hayes M, Jurecka F, Bartošová L , Anderson M, Brázdil R, Brown J, Camarero JJ, Cudlín P, Dobrovolný P, Itzinger J, Feng S, Finnessey T, Gregoric G, Havlik P, Hain C, Holman I et al (In Press). Priority questions in multidisciplinary drought research. Clim Res. Also collaboration has led to involvement in a recently awarded multi-disciplinary project to the European Structural and Investment Funds on "SustES - Adaptation strategies for sustainable ecosystem services and food security under adverse environmental conditions"
Start Year 2014
 
Description KTP on drought management in the gardening sector 
Organisation Royal Horticultural Society
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution After being approached by RHS, meetings and follow-on discussions led to the co-development and writing of a KTP proposal on drought management with the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley
Collaborator Contribution Co-development and writing of a KTP proposal on drought management
Impact KTP proposal on drought management successfully submitted - awaiting funding decision
Start Year 2017
 
Description "Gardening in a drought" on BBC 3 Counties Radio Roberto Perrone drive-time show 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Radio interview on "gardening in a drought" on BBC 3 Counties Radio Roberto Perrone drive-time show
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description "Summer drought in UK" on BBC 3 Counties Radio Andy Collins morning show 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Radio interview on "Summer drought in UK" on BBC 3 Counties Radio Andy Collins morning show
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description "Weather and food prices" on BBC 3 Counties Radio Roberto Perrone drive-time show 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Radio interview on "Weather and food prices" on BBC 3 Counties Radio Roberto Perrone drive-time show
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description BBC Farming Today interview (July 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Radio interview for BBC Farming Today on "Summer drought in the UK"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Blog on how the UK is dealing with the impact of droughts on agriculture 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A blog on the how the UK is dealing with the impact of droughts on agriculture following the last drought, informed by NERC research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description British Council/Newton Fund and FAPESP workshop (Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation provided overview of the Historic Droughts and MaRIUS projects in the "Water as the Frontier of Agribusiness: Politico-Ecological and Socio-Economic Connections from Farms to Global Markets" workshop (Sao Paulo, Brazil, April 2015, supported by the British Council/Newton Fund and FAPESP). Increased awareness of NERC Droughts programme; increased early career researcher's professional network

None to date
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description British Hydrological Society evening presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An invited talk on "The 2018 drought - lessons for the agricultural sector (and others)" to members of the south-east branch of the British Hydrological Society. The talks generated a lot of questions and discussions on improved drought and abstraction management and the challenges of balancing the competing needs for water within an evidence-based approach
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description British Hydrological Society presentation (November 2014) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Overview of NERC Droughts projects at BHS meeting on "Putting more hydrology into water resource planning - better links between water resources and drought planning" generated questions on the programme; requests for more information; increased awareness

Increased awareness of practioners of the NERC drought projects; how they can be involved; led to invitation to present at CIWEM study weekend
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Farmer interviews 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Interviews with irrigated agribusinesses to understand their vulnerability to drought and responses implemented.
Outcomes / impacts - three of the business interviewed became Project Partners on a successful NERC Open Innovation call proposal; invited speaker to UK Irrigation Association annual science conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited presentation at IrrigEx - Feb 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited speaker on "Supporting farmers and growers to assess and manage drought risk" at the Irrigex theatre at IrrigEx/FloodEx, the largest national industry event covering irrigation and flooding. The talk covered insights from the Drought and Water Scarcity programme projects and the DRisk webtool. The talk developed a lot of interest, with delegates coming along to the Drought and Water Scarcity programme stand to find out more and ask for further details on the projects and tools.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Invited speaker on "Supporting innovation for increased drought resilience in the irrigated sector" at AgriTech East's 5th REAP conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Invited speaker to give presentation on "Supporting innovation for increased drought resilience in the irrigated sector" at AgriTech East's 5th REAP conference on 'What is the future we want for agriculture and how can innovation help deliver it?'. This flagship conference is focussed on promoting innovation in the agricultural sector and its suppliers. Led to enquiry for research expertise from company which was passed to colleagues for follow-on
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited speaker on "Understanding and managing current and future drought risks to UK irrigated agriculture" at MCAST Annual Water conference in Malta 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Invited speaker on "Understanding and managing current and future drought risks to UK irrigated agriculture" at MCAST Annual Water conference on "the Science and Creativity in Water" in Malta- an annual conference targeted at academia, industry and policymakers in this water-stressed island. Increased awareness of UK drought research and potential input into ongoing water resource strategy development
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Oral and poster presentations at American Geophysical Union Fall conference (St Fancisco, December 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Two poster presentations and one oral presentations of research to diverse international audiences, which generated useful feedback and a potential collaborator to enhance research scope
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Oral presentation at UKIA Annual conference 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Oral presentation on "Agriculture and Water Resources East" at UK Irrigation Association annual science conference at Peterborough, highlighting the use of products from the Drought and Water Scarcity programme in assessing the water needs for irrigation within this multi-sectoral water resources management strategy.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description PICO presentation at EGU 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Pico oral presentation on "An innovative drought risk management tool to support resilient irrigated food production" to delegates followed by interactive demonstration and discussion of the D-Risk webtool at European Geophysical Union conference in Vienna in 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Participation in CzechGlobe InterDrought (Building an interdisciplinary team for drought research) project's Drought Summer School 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact About 20 Czech PhD students attended my Summer School presentation on "Managing drought risks to irrigated agricultural production", developing their understanding of the issues and of the UK drought research programme and sparking questions and discussions. Also provided 1-to-1 mentoring to improve their paper writing skills

PhD students reported an improved understanding of the paper writing process. Questions demonstrated an increased understanding of UK drought hazards and impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Poster presentation at UK Irrigation Association annual conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Poster generated questions and discussion on results

Additional stakeholder contact for follow-up interviews
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at Drought and Decision Making symposium, Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on "Evidence of increasing resilience in the irrigated agricultural sector in the face of increasing water scarcity" by Research Fellow, subsequently podcast. Sparked valuable feedback and discussion. Valuable networking development and exposure for Research Fellow
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at ENDOWS/AboutDrought Showcase event in Birmingam 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on "Risk of economic impacts to agricultural irrigation due to drought management" at ENDOWS/AboutDrought Showcase event in Birmingam. Generated interested discussion on costs of drought management to agriculture.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at IAH 2018 at Daejeon, South Korea 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Poster presentation on "Supporting efficient and resilient irrigation in the context of increasing water scarcity" at International Association of Hydrogeologists 2018 conference at Daejeon, South Korea. Generated interested discussion, but unclear impact other than general awareness raising of D&WS research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at MCAST annual water conference (Science and Creativity in Water) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation on "Understanding and managing current and future drought risks to UK irrigated agriculture" at MCAST Annual Water Conference on "The science and creativity in water", Paola, Malta. Questions and discussion aimed to promote outputs from NERC Drought and Water Scarcity programme (MaRIUS, HistoricDroughts and ENDOWS) and D:Risk.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at UK Irrigation Assocation conference - March 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation to diverse audience of farmers, agribusinesses, regulatory agency staff, consultants and equipment suppliers on Cranfield's work on agricultural water resources, irrigation demand and drought. Very positive feedback from head of Water Resources East. New contacts made to follow-up
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation on "15 years of agricultural abstraction and the 2011-2012 drought" at the HistoricDrought stakeholder symposium (March 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to stakeholder audience placing the most recent 2010-12 drought within a longer record of agricultural abstraction. Results on the distribution of abstraction within the sector (which showed that a very large volume of water is tied up in largely unused licences even during severe drought) and the implications for abstraction reform generated questions and discussions from audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation on "Adaptation to changing future risk of agricultural irrigation constraints during drought" at ECCA 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation on "Adaptation to changing future risk of agricultural irrigation constraints during drought" at European Climate Change Adaptation conference in Glasgow in 2017. Generated useful discussion and contribute to increased awareness of UK D&WS research and the DRisk webtool
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation on "Droughts and agriculture in the UK - impacts and responses" to British Hydrological Society SE Section in London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation on "Droughts and agriculture in the UK - impacts and responses" to British Hydrological Society SE Section in London. Generated discussion from audience and requests for additional information
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation on "Past, present and future - agriculture and drought" at Drought and Water Scarcity programme conference (June 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation on overview of agricultural research within MaRIUS and HistoricDroughts to other researchers and stakeholders that increased awareness, generated questions and discussions and provides foundation for pursuing future collaborative proposals
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation on agricultural activities within the NERC D&WS projects at ENDOWS event with Natural Resources Wales staff (Cardiff) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on agricultural activities within the NERC D&WS projects at ENDOWS event with Natural Resources Wales staff (Cardiff). Engaged discussion led to useful feedback and follow-on engagement activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation to UK Irrigation Association members 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation of drought research to UK Irrigation Association members (agribusinesses, consultants, suppliers, regulators) at annual conference. Stimulated debate and questions with regard to regulatory reform and food security. Received requests from representatives of Defra and Environment Agency for further information; and agreement of additional agribusinesses to engage in our research activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation to agricultural stakeholders at Drought and Water Scarcity Programme sector workshop (Peterborough, 2016) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Presentation describing the agricultural user relevance of research outcomes and activities to inform discussion on future collaboration and research policies generated valuable sector prioritisation of future activities to inform follow-on funding application
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description SMC Media briefing - London September 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact SMC media briefing in London to national and international press representatives on the 2018 drought, with Jim Hall (infrastructure and water management), Jamie Hannaford (environment and hydrology) and Ian Holman (agriculture). Led to several articles in the press, in particular "After the hottest summer on record, get set for an 'above-average autumn" in The Daily Telegraph includes agricultural impacts of summer drought.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.pressreader.com/uk/the-daily-telegraph/20180904/281711205527450
 
Description Sugar beet growers workshop 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Meeting with sugar beet growers at Clumber Park Hotel. Present were 17 growers (who supply the Newark factory), 2 representatives from British Sugar and 1 from the British Beet Research Organisation to discuss the financial value of irrigation on sugar beet and the impacts of the 2018 drought. Insights from the discussions will feed into ongoing drought and water scarcity research and KE activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Toolshed demonstration on "An innovative drought risk management tool to support resilient irrigated food production" at AdaptationFutures 2018 in Cape Town 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A "Toolshed" presentation on "An innovative drought risk management tool to support resilient irrigated food production" at AdaptationFutures 2018 in Cape Town. This consisted of a short presentation to assembled delegates, followed by an interactive presentation and discussion on the DRisk webtool with participants. Generated substantial interest from international audience on drought research and management in UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Workshop and discussion on the 2018 drought at CUPGRA conference at Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A workshop and discussion on the 2018 drought with delegates at the 28th annual Cambridge University Potato GRowers Association (CUPGRA) conference at Cambridge. Using insights from the NERC Drought and Water Scarcity programme, four interactive workshops were run with growers and agronomists to reflect on the 2018 drought, its impacts and their coping measures and longer term responses. Responses will feed back into the D&WS WP4 activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018