MaRIUS: Managing the Risks, Impacts and Uncertainties of droughts and water Scarcity

Lead Research Organisation: University of Oxford
Department Name: Environmental Change Institute SoGE

Abstract

Impacts of water scarcity on the environment, society and the economy are complex. They are profoundly shaped by human choices and trade-offs between competing claims to water. Current practices for management of droughts in the UK have largely evolved from experience. Each drought tests institutions and society in distinctive ways. Yet it is questionable whether this empirical and heuristic approach is fit for purpose in the future, because the past is an incomplete guide to future conditions.

The MaRIUS project will introduce and explore a risk-based approach to the management of droughts and water scarcity, drawing upon global experiences and insights from other hazards to society and the environment. MaRIUS will demonstrate, in the context of real case studies and future scenarios, how risk metrics can be used to inform management decisions and societal preparedness. Enquiry will take place at a range of different scales, from households and farms to river basins and national scales. Fine-scale granular analysis is essential for understanding drought impacts. Aggregation to broader scales provides evidence to inform critical decisions in water companies, national governments and agencies. Analysis on a range of timescales will demonstrate the interactions between long-term planning and short-term decision making, and the difference this makes to impacts and risks.

Underpinning the risk-based approach to management of water scarcity, the MaRIUS project will develop an integrated suite of models of drought processes and impacts of water scarcity. A new 'event set' of past and possible future hydroclimatic drought conditions will enable extensive testing of drought scenarios. The representation of drought processes in hydrological models at catchment and national scales will be enhanced, enabling improved analysis of drought frequency, duration and severity. Models for assessment of the risks of harmful water quality, in rivers and reservoirs, will be developed. The representation of drought impacts in models of species abundance and biodiversity in rivers and wetland ecosystems, such as fens, lowland and upland bogs, will be enhanced. A model of agricultural practices and output will be used to analyse drought impacts on agriculture and investigate the benefits of preparatory steps that may be taken by farmers. The potential economic losses due to water scarcity will be analysed through a combination of 'bottom-up' study of households and businesses, and consideration of supply chain dependence on drought-sensitive industries.

The environmental, economic and social dimensions of water scarcity will be synthesised into a computer visualisation tool (an 'impacts dashboard'). This will enable exploratory analysis of feedbacks between impacts. For example, agricultural land use changes, driven in part by drought frequency, will, in turn, influence water quality and ecosystems. The interdisciplinary analysis will enable comparison of likely outcomes arising from applying both pre-existing drought management arrangements (e.g. restrictions on water use, abstraction limits) and enhanced/innovative management strategies (e.g. use of outlook forecasts, dynamic tariffs).
Social science and stakeholder engagement are deeply embedded in the MaRIUS project, which will be framed by a critical analysis of how impacts of droughts and water scarcity are currently understood and managed by key stakeholders, and how this is shaped by institutions, regulation and markets. First-hand experience and 'collective memory' of communities affected now, and historically, by water scarcity will provide new understandings of the social and cultural dimensions of droughts. On-going engagement between the project social scientists, natural scientists and stakeholders will help to ensure that the outputs from the MaRIUS project, including the 'impacts dashboard', are matched to their needs and to the evolving policy context.

Planned Impact

Droughts are one of the headline strategic risks to the UK. In 2012 the UK experienced the driest spring in over a century, after two dry winters. Ministers faced the prospect of water shortages during the London Olympics. Whilst the drought conditions in early 2012 served as a wake-up call, the potential for water shortages in the UK, driven by changing patterns of demand and changing climatic conditions, had already been recognised. In the Thames Water region alone it is estimated that severe water rationing could potentially result in economic losses of £300million/day. The capacity for the natural environment to recover from periods of very low flows, deteriorated water quality, dry soils and hot temperatures is not well understood.

The MaRIUS project aims to provide new evidence and insights to minimise and manage the harmful impacts of droughts and water scarcity to the environment, society and the economy. It will provide benefits through the improved management of risks and more inclusive, transparent, effective and efficient arrangements for risk management.

The expected beneficiaries are:

1. Organisations with responsibility for the management of droughts and water scarcity, who will benefit from improved evidence of the risks of droughts and potential impacts of water scarcity. These organisations include water utilities, regulators (EA, Ofwat) and government (Defra and the devolved administrations). Improved information will enable better management of scarce resources and inevitable trade-offs during periods of water scarcity. A multi-attribute understanding of risk will enable the development of new indicators and trigger points for the management of droughts. Decision makers (including senior executives and ministers) will be provided with a more nuanced and accurate assessment of risks and the implications of different management options. Adoption of a risk-based approach to drought management will enable more explicit treatment of uncertainty ad more proportionate allocation of resources to risk reduction.

2. Communities and businesses who may be impacted by droughts and water scarcity, including domestic and industrial water users and farmers, who will benefit from more transparent and risk-informed management of droughts. These benefits will be achieved indirectly through uptake of new science and methodologies by the organisations mentioned in (1) and also via the direct interaction and communication with communities, NGOs and other stakeholders that are planned as part of the MaRIUS project.

3. The natural environment and organisations with responsibility for, or an interest in, protecting the environment from the impacts of droughts and water scarcity, including Natural England, the EA, wildlife trusts and rivers trusts, who will benefit from better understanding of the risks of droughts to the natural environment and the impacts of management options designed to reduce the risks of water scarcity. Involvement in the research will help to ensure that environmental impacts of water scarcity are given appropriate weight alongside water users.

The MaRIUS project is in a strong position to deliver these impacts. The consortium has long-standing links with the stakeholder community, and outstanding experience of delivering impacts from previous projects. The MaRIUS project has a carefully developed dissemination plan and strategies to promote uptake and impact. Jointly with Project Partners in government and industry, we will target decisions taking place during and after the project (e.g. Abstraction reform, Water Resources Management Planning Guideline, EA Water Company Drought Plan Guideline) and processes (e.g. Water Score-Card, Water Situation Report, Hydrological Outlook) where the proposed research is likely to have most impact. Joint work on drought case studies and scenario analyses with our Project Partners will test methodologies and promote applied uptake of the research.

Organisations

Publications

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Lange B (2017) A framework for a joint hydro-meteorological-social analysis of drought. in The Science of the total environment

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Lu Q (2017) Modelling metaldehyde in catchments: a River Thames case-study. in Environmental science. Processes & impacts

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Sarmiento E (2019) Biopolitics, discipline, and hydrocitizenship: Drought management and water governance in England in Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers

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Van Loon A (2016) Drought in the Anthropocene in Nature Geoscience

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Van Loon A (2019) Using paired catchments to quantify the human influence on hydrological droughts in Hydrology and Earth System Sciences

 
Title About Drought - Highlights of the 2018 Showcase Event 
Description This professionally made video summarises the 'About Drought Showcase' event that took place in March 2018. The event was designed to bring together different types of people all of whom have an interest in drought and water scarcity, in order to raise awareness of the research and outputs of the UK Drought and Water Scarcity Research Programme. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The video has been watched many times. 
URL https://studio.youtube.com/video/EfLQ08Ue_98/edit
 
Title An overview of the MaRIUS project, using footage from the project's showcase event on 2 November 2017 
Description A professionally made film, providing an overview of the MaRIUS project, using footage from the project's showcase event on 2 November 2017, which set out the results and findings of the impact of drought and water scarcity in the UK. Interviews with researchers and stakeholders are included in the film. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://youtu.be/ll4NZ5gxzOk
 
Title Bettina Lange introduces the social science work undertaken in the MaRIUS project. 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Title Catharina Landstrom Video: Community Modelling 
Description In this short video Catharina Landström describes the work she is leading on community modelling. This involves taking models and outputs from water quality and water resources research undertaken in the Drought and Water Scarcity Programme, and collaborating with the organisation Thames 21 to make a useful tool that gives information of interest to local people. The goal is to use the tool to help people better understand their water environment in London. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The video has been watched many times. 
URL https://studio.youtube.com/video/AEsGitpbHnU/edit
 
Title Catharina Landström outlines the research focusing on community involvement on the local geographical scale 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Title Chris Decker presents the findings of a national scale economic assessment of drought. 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Title Dolores Rey covers the impacts on agriculture and irrigation benefits, plus the adaptation response of farmers to drought. 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Title Gemma Coxon Video: Hydrological Modelling of Drought and Low Flows 
Description Gemma Coxon of the University of Bristol summarises the work she is doing with fellow researchers in terms of the hydrological modelling of drought and water scarcity in the UK. Gemma talks about the different hydrological models being used; the intercomparison analysis being done to determine the relative model performance for different situations across 110 common catchments, and what might be recommended for use in particular situations. The purpose of the work is to answer three questions: * How well do our models simulate drought behaviour we are interested in? * What do the models do differently to produce these simulations? * Do these differences matter when informing decision support and drought management? 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The video has been watched many times. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LbheMmiMqpA
 
Title Gemma Coxon summarises the results gained from Bristol University's hydrological model 'Dynamic TOPMODEL' for national scale hydrological drought modelling. 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Title Helen Gavin gives an introduction to the event and the project 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, giving an overview of the event and project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact THe video is on a publicaly avable yutbe channel, whch has been advertsied to academics and practiorers, and the vdieos hve bneen watched many times 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Title Helen Gavin presents slides showing the research of Alex Elliott, CEH, on the effect of drought and reservoir drawdown on algal growth under drought scenarios. Alex was unwell at the time of the meeting. 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Title Helen Gavin: record, editing and sharing videos 
Description Helen came up with the idea of recording short videos with researchers in MaRIUS and ENDOWS, in order to help cascade information and transfer knowledge about the research and outputs of the Drought and Water Scarcity Programme. She managed all aspects, from approaching researchers, setting up and recording the videos, editing, finalization, and publication via YouTube. She alerts stakeholders of the research programme in industry that they are available. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The videos have been watched many times, which has resulted in many more people knowing about the breadth of work and output from the programme, than would be otherwise possible. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCwcBFCL9WLsngSAxz_70_jw/videos
 
Title Ian Holman provides an overview of the research done to assess the impacts of water scarcity. 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Title Jamie Hannaford Video: The UK's Hydrological Status in August 2018 
Description In this video Jamie Hannaford from the Centre for Ecology and hydrology talks about the heatwave conditions experienced over the UK in summer of 2018, and examines available data to see the impact on river flow, groundwater, and other water resources. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The video has been watched many times. 
URL https://studio.youtube.com/video/HsubSUcOAWo/edit
 
Title Jim Hall gives the introductory welome and sets the scene for the MaRIUS research 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Title Jim Hall presents slides showing the research of himself and colleague Ed Byers, on the water need of energy generation and the potential impacts of low flows. 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://youtu.be/oxQrEcIoL4s
 
Title Jim Hall, University of Oxford, summarises the research of the MaRIUS project into the effect of drought and water scarcity in the UK, and closes the meeting. 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Title Katie Smith Video: Reconstructed Flow Data 
Description In this video Katie Smith from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology talks about the work that has been undertaken to rescue historic hydro meterological data back to the mid 1800s, which has then been used to hindcast river flows using the GR4J hydrological models. Katie describes the work done, explores the results and shows where everybody can access the flow data online. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The video has been watched many times. 
URL https://studio.youtube.com/video/LihayELEEXA/edit
 
Title Kevin Grecksch features in the video: Water Efficiency 
Description Kevin Grecksch of the Centre for Socio-Legal Studies at the University of Oxford, summarises his research on "Communities, innovation and corporate water" that looks to develop an in-depth understanding of a range of water companies' water efficiency campaigns with water users in public sector organization settings, such as tenants in housing association accommodation and staff working in hospitals, councils and schools. The research objective is to understand what aspects of these schemes tie them to a specific organizational and geographical context, and which aspects make these schemes more widely applicable, and therefore candidates for a 'best practice' approach that could be rolled out to a wider range of organizations. Public sector organizations can contribute to development of collective community social norms that value water and contribute to efficiency savings. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The video has been watched many times. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0CvXGhjPC0g
 
Title Kevin Grecksch outlines findings from work exploring Drought Management Options and from interviews with water resource practitioners. 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Title Len Shaffrey video: Drought Forecasting 
Description Len Shaffrey of the University of Reading gives an introduction to the progress of improving the skill of UK drought forecasts, on monthly to seasonal timescales. Improved forecasts would be exceptionally valuable for effective drought management and for minimising the negative impacts of droughts. Len summarises the research being undertaken in the IMPETUS project, part of the UK Drought and Water Scarcity Programme, that brings together scientists from the meteorological, land surface, surface water and groundwater communities and social scientists from the water demand and forecast usability communities. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The video has been watched many times. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6oM0GU7VTO8
 
Title Lucy Barker Video: Historic Hydrological Droughts 
Description Lucy Barker of the Centre for Hydrology and Ecology talks about historic hydrological droughts (1891 to 2015), and the "Drought Explorer" tool. Historic droughts are useful as an understanding of their variability and impacts help us understand what may happen now and in the future, helping inform better planning and future resilience. The tool allows everyone to explore historic hydrological droughts in the UK for 303 modelled catchments. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The video has been watched many times. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h6lGuNus5n8
 
Title Matt Ascott - video summarizing the Impact of drought on groundwater yield 
Description In this short video, Matt Ascott from the British Geological Society outlines the groundwater research of the Drought and Water Scarcity Programme which examines the impact of drought on groundwater yield or deployable output. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times. 
URL https://studio.youtube.com/video/soiB3NneP_A/edit
 
Title Matt Fry Video: outputs from the Drought and Water Scarcity Programme 
Description Matt Fry from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology summarises the outputs and datasets generated by the Drought and Water Scarcity Programme, and what is in development. All this new information and data are available for use. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The video has been watched many times. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=00V_5CV7ths
 
Title Mohammad Mortazavi-Naeini, University of Oxford, covers research on water resource modelling on a catchment and a national scale. Some of this work has contributed to Water UK's 2017 Water Resources Long-Term Planning Framework project. 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Title Pam Berry presents the research findings of the research team examining the impact of drought and water scarcity on both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Title Paul Whitehead Video: Water quality modelling in the River Trent 
Description Paul Whitehead of Oxford University describes the research conducted by himself and Gianbattista Bussi to determine the impact of drought on water quality in the UK's River Trent, which provides water for the power stations in the catchment. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The video has been watched many times. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BxpmT98qfLI&t=560s
 
Title Paul Whitehead addresses the effects of drought on water quality processes. 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Title Podcast - Algal Modelling 
Description Dr Gianbattista Bussi talks about some of the water quality research being undertaken in the MaRIUS project, focusing on algal modelling. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Dissemination of the project research 
URL https://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/algal-modelling
 
Title Podcast - Impact of drought and water scarcity on agriculture 
Description Dr Dolores Rey Vicario speaks on the evidence of increasing resilience in the irrigated agricultural sector to water scarcity and drought 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact Dissemination of the project research 
URL https://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/impact-drought-and-water-scarcity-agriculture
 
Title Podcast - Impact of drought on ecosystems and their ecology 
Description Dr Pam Berry talks about the research being undertaken in the MaRIUS project, and her work on the effect of drought on ecosystems and their ecology. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Dissemination of the project research 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=esZ2CG0MazY&feature=youtu.be
 
Title Podcast - Impact of drought on water quality 
Description Professor Paul Whitehead talks about the Impact of drought on water quality 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact Dissemination of the project research 
URL https://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/impact-drought-water-quality
 
Title Podcast - Prof Jim Hall: An Introduction to the MaRIUS project 
Description An Introduction to the MaRIUS project: Managing the Risks, Impacts and Uncertainties of drought and water Scarcity 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Dissemination of the project aims and objectives 
URL https://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/prof-jim-hall-introduction-marius-project
 
Title Podcast - Sociocultural perceptions and knowledge controversies 
Description Dr Eric Sarmiento talks about the human geography research taking place in the MaRIUS project, which is looking at drought and water scarcity 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Dissemination of the project research 
URL https://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/sociocultural-perceptions-and-knowledge-controversies
 
Title Podcast - UK Drought governance arrangements 
Description Dr Christina Cook talks about the governance research taking place in the MaRIUS project. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact Dissemination of the project research 
URL https://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/uk-drought-governance-arrangements
 
Title Podcast - Western US drought, and the generation of drought datasets for risk-based impact studies 
Description Dr Benoit Guillod explores the climatic factors influencing drought, with a focus on the current western US drought and the research being undertaken in the MaRIUS project. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact Dissemination of the project research 
URL https://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/western-us-drought-and-generation-drought-datasets-risk-based-impact-studi...
 
Title Richard Jones outlines the climate datasets and 'drought event set' generated by the project for use. 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Title Sally Stevens Video: About Drought 
Description Sally Stevens from the Institute for Environmental Analytics describes the "About Drought" initiative that is raising awareness of the wealth of data, insights, new findings, and resources that have been created in the Drought and Water Scarcity Research Programme. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The video has been watched many times. 
URL http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZAQoG3ERyF8&t=12s
 
Title Thorsten Wagner summarises the findings of catchment scale drought modelling. 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Title Vicky Bell outlines CEH's findings on the effect of drought on hydrology at a national scale, using the CEH national gridded hydrological model 'Grid-to-Grid' 
Description Video of a presentation given at the MaRIUS Showcase event, outlining the findings and outcomes of that research topic within the project 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The video is on a publicly available YouTube channel, which has been shared to the MARIUS website, the About Droughts Website, and advertised to academics and practitioners. The videos have been watched many times already. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL5AXsp8rsqeD3CwkqDgPBquIMYrF-ia8w
 
Description The project has developed:
• National climate datasets of current and future possible conditions which can be used to assess the potential future impacts on droughts on multiple aspects of society and the environment
• National scale hydrological models and associated outputs
• Water Resources Models of different scales
• Knowledge and appetite for drought management and exploration of innovative ideas in the water industry
• An understanding of the approach to, and appetite for, drought management in the agricultural sector
• The economic impact of drought and water scarcity on the agricultural sector
• Public participation in drought decision making through environmental competency groups
• Concept of community modelling with outreach organisations
• Ability of the natural environment to respond to drought and water scarcity, with regard to the aquatic habitats and terrestrial ecosystems
• Ways to improve the simulation of local or catchment based hydrological processes to better model drought and water scarcity
• Enhanced understanding of the drought effects upon local and national water quality
• Exploration of the drought effects upon electricity generation
• A reservoir model that can simulate the effect of drought and water scarcity upon different water quality aspects, particularly algae
• Understanding of the socio-cultural perceptions and impacts of drought and water scarcity
Exploitation Route The aim of the project is to change the way in which water is managed with regard to drought and water scarcity by others including the water companies, the Environment Agency, Ofwat, other regulatory and policy makers. This is and has been achieved. The Project has created methodologies, datasets and models which are available to non-academics. The project is involved in an extension to the Drought and Water Scarcity Programme, with additional funding to extend certain aspects of research for two more years.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Other

URL http://www.mariusdroughtproject.org/inforesults/
 
Description We have organised three annual Drought Symposia which had a positive effect of raising awareness, and discussions with industry practitioners, some of whom gave presentations. Members of the project team have engaged with many different non-academic stakeholders from water companies, NGOs, regulators, government bodies and others.We have organised many other participatory meetings and engagement opportunities, including a showcase event to which many stakeholder and practitioners attended. We are involved in the ENDOWs follow-on research programme to continue these industry collaborations to influence policy and practice, with a specific focus on the UK water industry and the water resource management planning process. Many of our datasets have been published and can be freely used by non-academics. We have developed models and methodologies and are working to ensure their adoption and uptake. Our work in Environmental Competency Groups, working with local publics in the River Kennet Catchment, has led to the inclusion of water related issues in the Marlborough Local Plan (water is very rarely addressed in such local plans). The water resource systems model has been used to provide evidence for Environment Agency's water resources national framework.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Other
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Best practice to use MaRIUS data in Ofwat guidance on how to report the new Drought Metric
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://www.water.org.uk/publications/reports/drought-resilience-metric-development-%E2%80%98certain...
 
Description Best practice to use MaRIUS data in UKWIR report covering "Drought Vulnerability Framework"
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
URL https://www.ukwir.org/drought-vulnerability-framework-0
 
Description Bettina Lange made a response to the consultation on SEPA's First Scottish National Water Scarcity Plan.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL http://www.mariusdroughtproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/MaRIUS_Dec2014_ResponseToConsultation...
 
Description Chris Decker is a member of IWA Working Group on public policy and regulation for resilience and has contributed to the IWA working paper - "Public policy and regulatory foundations of an effective strategy for resilience in the provision of water, sanitation and wastewater treatment services"
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Chris Decker is a member of IWA Working Group on public policy and regulation for resilience and has contributed to the IWA working paper - "Public policy and regulatory foundations of an effective strategy for resilience in the provision of water, sanitation and wastewater treatment services" The IWA Working Group on resilience is a working group of academic experts on public policy and regulatory foundations of an effective strategy for resilience in the provision of water, sanitation and wastewater treatment services. The purpose of the group is to assist the IWA in identifying the pillars for such strategy and mapping out the status of public policy and regulation in various countries. To bring in this perspective into the global dialogue through IWA's platform and the International Water Regulators Forum, a Working Group of academic experts in water policy and regulation has been established. The terms of reference for the working group can be found here: https://www.dropbox.com/s/p5cj8tkdlyx52ad/Terms%20of%20Reference_Strategy%20for%20resilience.pdf?dl=0
URL http://www.dropbox.com/s/p5cj8tkdlyx52ad/Terms%20of%20Reference_Strategy%20for%20resilience.pdf
 
Description Chris Decker is a member of the Global Water Partnership/IDMP Expert Group on Drought Preparedness and presented at a Workshop in Geneva on 16 September 2016.
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Chris Decker is a member of the Global Water Partnership/IDMP Expert Group on Drought Preparedness. This Expert Group has the objective to kick-start the involvement of experts for a global reflection on the current state of knowledge on the economic costs and benefits of action and inaction for drought preparedness and drought risk management, on the immediate needs or constraints preventing actors to take action and on the way forward to improve people's and systems' resilience to drought events Chris Decker presented at a Workshop in Geneva on 16 September 2016. This workshop was based around a literature review commissioned by the WMO/GWP Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP) . The review report will be presented at the meeting, as a means to bring participants to a common understanding on the different issues at play, especially in terms of the state-of-the-art science on the topic and remaining knowledge gaps. A particular focus was on the social, environmental and economic impacts of drought events and understand the costs/benefits of reactive versus proactive government policies. Investment in mitigation actions that reduce the impacts of drought events were particularly highlighted Participants included IDMP experts and other experts dealing with economic issues related to drought.
 
Description Dr. Bettina Lange (Aug 2015) Response to Environment Agency Consultation on 'Water Company Drought Plan Guidance'
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL http://www.mariusdroughtproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/MaRIUS_Aug2015_ResponseToConsultation...
 
Description Dr. Bettina Lange, Dr. Christina Cook, Dr. Kevin Grecksch and Dr. Christopher Decker, Centre for Socio-Legal Studies, University of Oxford (Jan 2017) Response to UK Waterwise consultation on 'A Water Efficiency Strategy for the UK' - November 2016
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
URL http://www.mariusdroughtproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/MaRIUS_Jan2017_ResponseToConsultation...
 
Description Invited (video) presentation by Jim Hall given at the Environment Agency's WRMP24 workshop "Setting the direction for WRMP24"
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL https://youtu.be/YT_3zAN9-c0
 
Description Jim Hall has met with regulators to discuss water resource planning
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Jim Hall has liaised with members of staff of the Environment Agency, Natural Resources Wales, Ofwat and Defra who are responsible for water resource planning and regulation. Through these meetings, he has briefed them on work undertaken in the MaRIUS project that shows the benefits of a risk-based approach. Feedback has been very positive, with the regulators interested in adopting the approach for the next round of planning guidance that all water companies must observe.
 
Description Jim Hall is a member of the Water UK Long Term Planning Framework
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Some of the research undertaken in the MARIUS project was instrumental to the Water UK Long Term Planning Framework (LTPF) project: especially the use of the MaRIUS developed water resource model. The resulting Water UK LTPF report has influenced governmental and regulatory thinking on water resource management in the UK and those parties re holding discussions on how to change the approach to the Water Resource Management Plan process for the periodic review in 2024. Since the production of the report, the MaRIUS team have continued to develop the water resource model so it is more national in extent, and hope to offer it for continued use by the Water UK LTPF steering group.
URL https://www.water.org.uk/water-resources-long-term-planning-framework
 
Description Jim Hall is an invited member of the Senior Steering Group of the Environment Agency's National Framework
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Kevin Grecksch and Bettina Lange contributed to a GCSE Lesson Plan Lesson Plan - 'Changing our thinking about drought' - as part of the curriculum for secondary school pupils studying for GCSEs in the UK. This national impact resource was created through a collaboration of various research projects (DRY, ENDOWS) and the Geographical Association.
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Provided a lesson plan (PowerPoint presentation) and accompanying teachers' notes
 
Description Kevin Grecksch and Bettina Lange contributed to a primary school storybook called 'DRY: Diary of a water superhero' in collaboration with the University of the West of England, Bristol
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Kevin Grecksch and Bettina Lange organised a stakeholder workshop at Wolfson College Oxford on 23/01/2019 with representatives from Bristol Water, Environment Agency and Brookes University Oxford (Sustainability Team). The Workshop was called "Achieving water efficiency in the public sector through social norms".
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Bettina Lange was awarded a McCormick Research Fellowship
Amount £1,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Edinburgh 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2015 
End 03/2015
 
Description Drought & Water Scarcity Governance - award to Christina Cook
Amount £7,482 (GBP)
Organisation University of Oxford 
Department John Fell Fund
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 03/2017
 
Description Drought and Water Scarcity Programme: Programme Coordination Team funding
Amount £133,401 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 09/2018
 
Description ESRC Impact Acceleration Account - strategic impact fund
Amount £1,985 (GBP)
Organisation University of Oxford 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 03/2019
 
Description Managing drought and water scarcity - strategies and options for the UK's large industrial water consumers. Award to Kevin Grecksch
Amount £6,417 (GBP)
Organisation University of Oxford 
Department John Fell Fund
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2017 
End 10/2017
 
Description Oxford University NERC IAA
Amount £1,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Oxford 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2014 
End 03/2017
 
Description Postdoctoral Fellowship for Kevin Grecksch
Amount £382,000 (GBP)
Organisation The British Academy 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2018 
End 01/2021
 
Description Travel Award
Amount £300 (GBP)
Organisation Bielefeld University 
Sector Academic/University
Country Germany
Start 11/2014 
End 11/2014
 
Description UK Drought Programme: ENDOWS
Amount £2,051,016 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End