SIRENA (Strategic Impact of Research Engaging NEMO Applications)

Lead Research Organisation: NATIONAL OCEANOGRAPHY CENTRE
Department Name: Science and Technology

Abstract

Global models have reached an exceptional level of realism in representing ocean dynamics and circulation. By strategically focusing High Performance Computing (HPC) and National Capability (NC) on high resolution, global-scale modelling, NERC has placed the UK at the forefront of ocean modelling efforts in Europe. This investment will continue to pay scientific dividends, but NERC is also in an excellent position to extract added value from it by employing it in tackling challenges related to future societal and business needs. In SIRENA, we propose to utilise existing outputs from NERC's NC modelling efforts, as well as existing links through other research programmes, to address two such needs related to the food and energy sectors of modern economies. The first of these relates to so-called marine hotspots, areas where above average climate change may have serious consequences for marine resources, while the second concerns the expanding sphere of oil and gas activities, including to deeper ocean waters. In both of these cases, there are significant trade-offs between the need to extend exploitation while mitigating impacts, and this is compounded by the current and potential overlaps between both cases. In practical terms, SIRENA will develop a case study that demonstrate advances in ocean modelling to potential new user communities, and illustrate the applications of this modelling for environmental risk assessment. The selected case study will focus on a single region (most likely around Brazil) that is both a marine hotspot and is of interest to oil and gas stakeholders, and a further aim is to underscore the overlapping needs and interests, as well as potential collaborations, of these two otherwise divergent activities. To achieve these ends, SIRENA is organised into four workpackages. The first organises an initial workshops with select oil and gas stakeholders to optimise the framing of the case study, which will then be demonstrated at the international "Ocean Business" exhibition. The second will use existing model output to provide a detailed physical and biogeochemical/ecological forecast for a specific marine hotspot, and will showcase this at the 3rd Symposium on the Effects of Climate Change in Brazil in 2015. The third will leverage an ongoing programme, GULLS, to provide a workshop forum for translating the NERC modelling outputs demonstrated at this symposium (e.g. changing circulation, biogeochemistry) into policy-relevant outputs with the assistance of local stakeholders. The final workpackage will use the experiences derived from the case study to produce a template that will be applied to all of the southern hemisphere marine hotspots that form the basis of the international GULLS programme. The central, driving motivation in SIRENA is that these diverse activities will promote awareness of NERC's world-class modelling efforts and encourage their use in added-value activities by stakeholders that have not traditionally been engaged with NERC centres, but who represent key resource and business interests. In SIRENA's vision, broadening the base of NERC's engagement in this way is critical for such important science to remain viable into the future.

Publications

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Srokosz M (2015) Could the Madagascar bloom be fertilized by Madagascan iron? in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

 
Description SIRENA developed climate change impact methodologies, applied them to living marine resources in Brazil and Madagascar and provided policy and practice notes to the policy making bodies working in the area of living marine resources and adaptation to climate change.

The project contributed to the venerability assessment of the coastal communities in Madagascar to the climate change impacts. The results will be used in the Climate Change Adaptation Plans in Madagascar.

The results of the project reinforced the critical importance of considering the cumulative impacts of individual stressors and drivers across the full socio-ecological system, both climate-related and others, when assessing vulnerability of marine-dependent communities. Such assessments and adaptation planning should not only consider the past and present but also be forward-looking and consider likely changes in the future. Participation by local experts and stakeholders is essential, enabling knowledge exchange while also contributing to local capacity-building, generating a sense of ownership, ensuring local knowledge is fully taken into account and that outputs are accepted by stakeholders as being legitimate.

We found that the South American shoreline between 20°S and 40°S, and the fishing zone within international waters off Peru (20°S, 80°W) are associated with the highest probability for debris to reach the Easter Island Eco-region, with transit times under 2 years. These regions coincide with the most-densely populated coastal region of Chile and the most-intensely fished region in the South Pacific. The findings offer potential for mitigating plastic contamination reaching the EIE through better upstream waste management. Results also highlight the need for international action plans on this important issue.
Exploitation Route for use in policy making
Sectors Agriculture

Food and Drink

Communities and Social Services/Policy

Environment

URL http://gullsweb.noc.ac.uk/
 
Description We have developed case studies in areas selected in partnership with the end users (Oil Spill Response Ltd, BP, Shell, DHI Water Environments UK Ltd) for use of high resolution NEMO output of ocean circulation as a tool for environmental risk assessment of potential impact of the oil spills in the selected area. In 2018 we run emergency response model to the SAnchi Oil spill. A number of high impact papers produced by the project has informed highly influential policy reports by the Food and Agriculture Organization on the fisheries and aquaculture and by The World Meteorological Organization on the impact of the 1.5 degree warming. The findings have also been used by a number of the national government reviews on environment, transport and food security. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations is an intergovernmental organization whose mission is to achieve food security, ensuring that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. The World Meteorological Organization is an intergovernmental organization with a membership of 193 Member States and Territories. The Organization is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. As a specialized agency of the United Nations, WMO is dedicated to international cooperation and coordination on the state and behaviour of the Earth's atmosphere, its interaction with the land and oceans, the weather and climate it produces, and the resulting distribution of water resources.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal

Economic

Policy & public services

 
Description A summary paper on the Arctic sea ice changes, on the climate risks and key impacts
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Contribution to new or improved professional practice
 
Description An introduction to achieving policy impact for early career researchers Cited by Analysis & Policy Observatory (APO) on 10 Jul 2018 (Citing Pecl et al., 2017)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Scientists are increasingly required to demonstrate the real world tangible impacts arising from their research. Despite significant advances in scholarship dedicated to understanding and improving the relationships between science, policy and practice, much of the existing literature remains high level, theoretical, and not immediately accessible to early career researchers (ECRs) who work outside of the policy sciences. Our study was used as an example in the paper to provide an accessible resource for ECRs seeking to achieve policy impact in their chosen field.
URL https://apo.org.au/node/189981
 
Description CLIMATE CHANGE AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE PROPOSED CANADIAN NORTHERN CORRIDOR (citing Aksenov et al., 2017)
Geographic Reach North America 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Aksenov et al (2019) describing advances in Arctic modelling, future projections and feasibility of teh Arctic Sea Routes has informed and been cited in the special series in The School of Public Policy Publications, examining the potential for economic corridors in Canada. This paper is an output of the Canadian Northern Corridor Research Program. The Canadian Northern Corridor Research Program at The School of Public Policy, University of Calgary is the leading platform for providing information and analysis necessary to establish the feasibility and desirability of a network of multi-modal rights-of-way across middle and northern Canada. Endorsed by the Senate of Canada, this work responds to the Council of the Federation's July 2019 call for informed discussion of pan-Canadian economic corridors as a key input to strengthening growth across Canada and "a strong, sustainable and environmentally responsible economy." This Research Program will help Canadians benefit from improved infrastructure development in Canada.
URL https://www.policyschool.ca/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Climate-Change-CNC-Pearce-Ford-Fawcett.pdf
 
Description CME Pacific Marine Climate Change Report Card 2018 Scientific Review: Fish and Shellfish Cited by UK Government (GOV.UK) on 31 May 2018 (Citing Pecl et al., 2017)
Geographic Reach Australia 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact This report card provides a summary of climate change impacts on coasts and seas in the Pacific island region, and how Pacific islands can respond. For ocean-dependent Pacific islands, the connection between oceans and climate change is likely to be more vital than elsewhere and has a huge influence on people, culture and economies.
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/commonwealth-marine-economies-cme-programme-pacific-marin...
 
Description Chokepoints and Vulnerabilities in Global Food Trade (citing Aksenov et al., 2017)
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Aksenov et al 2019 has analysed risks associated with the new shipping routes across the Arctic and informed a CHATHAM HOUSE REPORT 2017 (ISBN: 978 1 78413 230 9) Chokepoints and Vulnerabilities in Global Food Trade. The key conclusion of the report included a call for Policymakers to take action immediately to mitigate the risk of severe disruption at certain ports, maritime straits, and inland transport routes, which could have devastating knock-on effects for global food security.
URL https://www.chathamhouse.org/2017/06/chokepoints-and-vulnerabilities-global-food-trade
 
Description Citation in FAO report "The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture (SOFIA)" (citing Popova et al., 2019)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact The research publication Popova et al., 2019 has been highlighted in the FAO report The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture (SOFIA) with respect to the importance of the Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction to teh coastal coastal communities especially in the least developed countries. Areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ) cover 40 percent of the surface of the planet, or 62 percent of the total ocean surface area. Their living resources have long been utilized, whereas, in recent years, their non-living marine resources have become increasingly utilized. The ABNJ do not belong to any single State; instead, under UNCLOS, they are managed through a suite of agreements and global and regional bodies, each with its own mandate and priorities. All nations with a "real interest" in the ABNJ share responsibility for the proper management and conservation of ABNJ resources and biodiversity. Despite the vast geographical extension of the ABNJ, the current understanding of their role, influence and importance to coastal waters is limited. There is increasing evidence that ABNJ and coastal waters are closely connected, and that activities in ABNJ can influence coastal zones (Popova et al., 2019).
URL http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/ca9229en
 
Description Cited by FAO on Adaptive management of fisheries in response to climate change (citing Hobday et al., 2016)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact This report aims to accelerate climate change adaptation implementation in fisheries management throughout the world. It showcases how flexibility can be introduced in the fisheries management cycle in order to foster adaptation, strengthen the resilience of fisheries, reduce their vulnerability to climate change, and enable managers to respond in a timely manner to the projected changes in the dynamics of marine resources and ecosystems. The publication includes a set of good practices for climate-adaptive fisheries management that have proven their effectiveness and can be adapted to different contexts, providing a range of options for stakeholders including the fishing industry, fishery managers, policymakers and others involved in decision-making. These good practices were linked to one or more of the three common climate-related impacts on fisheries resources: distributional change; productivity change; and species composition change. Therefore, these three impacts can serve as practical entry points to guide decision-makers in identifying good practice adaptation measures suitable for their local contexts. These good practices are based upon transferable experiences and lessons learned from the thirteen case studies across the globe and hopefully will contribute to greater uptake and implementation of climate-adaptive fisheries management measures on the ground. Bahri, T., Vasconcellos, M., Welch, D.J., Johnson, J., Perry, R.I., Ma, X. & Sharma, R., eds. 2021. Adaptive management of fisheries in response to climate change. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 667. Rome, FAO.
URL http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/cb3095en
 
Description Cited by Flemish Government Policy Documents (citing Pecl et al., 2019)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact The work presented in Pecl et al., 2018 on clime-change driven redictribution of species has informed Flemish Nature Report. The biennial Nature Report is a reference work with facts and figures about nature in Flanders, intended for policy purposes. 2020 is an important pivotal year for the global and European Biodiversity Strategy. That is why INBO is publishing a status and trend report on biodiversity.
URL https://www.vlaanderen.be/publicaties/natuurrapport-2020
 
Description Cited by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations on 01 Dec 2020 (citing Pecl et al., 2017)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations is an intergovernmental organization whose mission is to achieve food security, ensuring that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. There is increasing attention to the importance of biodiversity for food security and nutrition, especially above-ground biodiversity such as plants and animals. However, less attention is being paid to the biodiversity beneath our feet, soil biodiversity, which drives many processes that produce food or purify soil and water. This report is the result of an inclusive process involving more than 300 scientists from around the world under the auspices of the FAO's Global Soil Partnership and its Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soils, the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Global Soil Biodiversity Initiative, and the European Commission. It presents concisely the state of knowledge on soil biodiversity, the threats to it, and the solutions that soil biodiversity can provide to problems in different fields. It also represents a valuable contribution to raising awareness of the importance of soil biodiversity and highlighting its role in finding solutions to today's global threats.
URL http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/cb1928en
 
Description Cited in Proceedings of FishAdapt: the Global Conference on Climate Change Adaptation for Fisheries and Aquaculture, Bangkok, Thailand, 8-10 August, 2016 (Citing Popova et al., 2016; Hobday et al., 2016))
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact This conference, FishAdapt: the global conference on climate change adaptation for fisheries and aquaculture, held in Bangkok from 8 to 10 August, 2016, provided a forum for scientists, development professionals and natural resource managers working in the context of fisheries, aquaculture, rural development and related fields to share practical experiences in understanding the vulnerabilities associated with climate change and ocean acidification and the development of risk management and adaptation strategies. The conference bridged interdisciplinary gaps and provide a wider, shared perspective on the issues and the current state of knowledge. These proceedings share the experiences of the 110 participants from 27 countries and show that much can be done at the household, community and sector levels to support the resilience of the sector and its dependent communities in a changing climate.
URL http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/CA3055EN
 
Description El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) effects on fisheries and aquaculture Cited by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations on 01 Apr 2020 (citing Popova et al., 2016) )
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Our research has been cited in an influential FAO report. This FAO Technical Paper synthesizes current knowledge on the impact of El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events on fisheries and aquaculture in the context of a changing climate. It describes the diversity of ENSO events (Chapter 2), ENSO forecasting (Chapter 3) and ENSO in the context of climate change (Chapter 4). It includes a global overview and regional assessment of ENSO impact (Chapters 5 and 6) and a focus on coral bleaching and damage to reefs and related fisheries (Chapter 7). Finally, it synthesizes the lessons learned and the perspectives for ENSO and preparedness in a warmer ocean (Chapter 10). Bertrand, A., Lengaigne, M., Takahashi, K., Avadí, A., Poulain, F. & Harrod, C. 2020. El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) effects on fisheries and aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 660. Rome, FAO.
URL http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/ca8348en
 
Description Emergency responce to teh sanchi oil spill http://noc.ac.uk/news/sanchi-oil-spill-contamination-could-reach-japan-within-month-update
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact The emergency response model applied to sanchi oil spill caused media coverage around the world and the results were used by the oil spill response planning. The URL given below gives a link to the one of the media examples: https://uk.reuters.com/article/us-china-shipping-spill/how-sanchis-spill-could-spread-idUKKBN1FF1AK
URL https://uk.reuters.com/article/us-china-shipping-spill/how-sanchis-spill-could-spread-idUKKBN1FF1AK
 
Description Future of the sea: implications from opening Arctic Sea routes (citing Aksenov et al., 2017)
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Aksenov et al 2019 paper examined probability of the Arctic Sea Route opening, future projections of the Arctic sea ice and most recent model developments. It has informed (and been cited) in the Future of the sea: implications from opening Arctic Sea routes - A report examining what the opening of Arctic shipping routes will mean for the UK. This report summarises the evidence for the projected loss of Arctic sea ice and opening of shipping routes due to climate change. It explores how these changes will make trans-Arctic shipping routes more navigable and profitable, and explores the resulting challenges and opportunities for the UK.
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/future-of-the-sea-implications-from-opening-arctic-sea-ro...
 
Description Impacts of climate change on fisheries and aquaculture Cited by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations on 01 Aug 2018 (Citing Pecl et al., 2017)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
Impact Impacts of climate change on fisheries and aquaculture: Synthesis of current knowledge, adaptation and mitigation options The 2015 Paris Climate Agreement recognizes the need for effective and progressive responses to the urgent threat of climate change, through mitigation and adaptation measures, while taking into account the particular vulnerabilities of food production systems. The inclusion of adaptation measures in the fisheries and aquaculture sector is currently hampered by a widespread lack of targeted analyses of the sector's vulnerabilities to climate change and associated risks, as well as the opportunities and responses available. This report provides the most up-to-date information on the disaggregated impacts of climate change for marine and inland fisheries, and aquaculture, in the context of poverty alleviation and the differential dependency of countries on fish and fishery resources. The work is based on model projections, data analyses, as well as national, regional and basin-scale expert assessments.
URL http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/I9705EN
 
Description Impacts of climate change on fisheries and aquaculture Cited by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations on 01 Aug 2018. (Citing Barange et al. 2017; Popova et al 2016, Yool et al., 2015)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact The 2015 Paris Climate Agreement recognizes the need for effective and progressive responses to the urgent threat of climate change, through mitigation and adaptation measures, while taking into account the particular vulnerabilities of food production systems. The inclusion of adaptation measures in the fisheries and aquaculture sector is currently hampered by a widespread lack of targeted analyses of the sector's vulnerabilities to climate change and associated risks, as well as the opportunities and responses available. This report provides the most up-to-date information on the disaggregated impacts of climate change for marine and inland fisheries, and aquaculture, in the context of poverty alleviation and the differential dependency of countries on fish and fishery resources. The work is based on model projections, data analyses, as well as national, regional and basin-scale expert assessments. The results indicate that climate change will lead to significant changes in the availability and trade of fish products, with potentially important geopolitical and economic consequences, especially for those countries most dependent on the sector.
URL http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/I9705EN
 
Description Informing climate change adaptation efforts in Madagascar and elsewhere in the Western Indian Ocean and other regions where similar marine-dependent communities are also affected by rapid warming of adjacent seas.
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL http://gullsweb.noc.ac.uk/
 
Description Madagascar: Connectivity between Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction and the coastal zones (Country Profile)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact UN member states negotiating a legally binding instrument governing ABNJ must include provisions to ensure that all future management regimes are informed by their potential impacts on territorial waters - particularly in Least Developed Countries. Vigorous and seasonally reversing circulation of the WIO make East African coastal countries highly vulnerable to negative impacts of the fishing and extraction activities in the ABNJ The coastline of Madagascar is one of most ABNJ-connected coastlines in the world indicating enhanced socio-economic vulnerability to the activities in the ABNJ. The project provided a detailed policy brief describing vulnerability of the coastal zone of Madagascar to the activities in ABNJ and advocated explicit inclusion of the downstream connectivity to the treaty. The approach brought concrete results: the latest draft of the negotiating text was updated to recognise that the treaty must protect the many millions of people who depend on the high seas. The advice aims to ensure that: The criteria for establishing Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and other area-based management tools in ABNJ must include the potential socioeconomic benefits for vulnerable coastal communities, as well as the ecological or biological significance of the area in question. Governments must ensure that management systems in ABNJ are adaptive and dynamic, and share the technology, data capacity and investment needed to rapidly respond to shifts in species distribution or ocean circulation caused by climate change. Uncertainty around future climate change and impacts on connectivity necessitate a precautionary approach to ABNJ governance.
URL https://www.solstice-wio.org/outputs/policy-briefs
 
Description Mapping and assessment of ecosystems and their services (citing Pecl et al., 2017)
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Europe's ecosystems, on which we depend for food, timber, clean air, clean water, climate regulation and recreation, suffer from unrelenting pressures caused by intensive land or sea use, climate change, pollution, overexploitation and invasive alien species. The Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 includes the development of an integrated framework to monitor whether the actions undertaken are delivering on the ground. This assessment presents the changes in pressures and ecosystem condition in the EU and its marine regions using the year 2010 as a policy baseline.
URL https://op.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/a84a0a68-0f65-11eb-bc07-01aa75ed71a1/langua...
 
Description Massive Online Open Course "Ocean Science In Action: Addressing Marine Ecosystems and Food Security"
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact In 2020, the SOLSTICE-WIO project launched its first MOOC - Ocean Science in Action: Addressing Marine Ecosystems and Food Security that introduces learners to innovative marine technologies and their applications used to tackle the challenges of the sustainable management of marine ecosystems. This four-week course features over 30 video lectures, including footage of fieldwork, numerical ocean model animations, and visualisations of the Remote Sensing data and unique footage of local coastal communities and fisheries. It covers wider issues such as impact of climate change, SDGs, Oceans Decade 2030. The MOOC was created as a course for continuous professional development to people working within marine-related industries, such as fisheries, and government and management of marine resources in the Western Indian Ocean. The MOOC has attracted more than 2000 participants from 110 countries. Material presented in MOOC includes scientific results from many national and international projects (in addition to SOLSTICE which presented the bulk of the material), including GULLS, SIRENA, UKESM, ACCORD.
URL https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/ocean-science-in-action-addressing-marine-ecosystems-and-food-se...
 
Description Policy Brief: So far, yet so close: ecological connectivity between ABNJ and territorial waters
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact This policy brief summarized our research showing that UN member states negotiating a legally binding instrument governing Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ) must include provisions to ensure that all future management regimes are informed by their potential impacts on territorial waters - particularly in Least Developed Countries and other developing coastal states. The brief was circulation to member states negotiators and participants and discussed at the side even of UNCLOS negotiations in New York.
URL https://pubs.iied.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/migrate/17500IIED.pdf
 
Description Securing sustainable small-scale fisheries: sharing good practices from around the world Cited by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations on 01 Feb 2019 (citing Hobday et al., 2016)
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Our study has been used as a case study example in an FAO report Securing sustainable small-scale fisheries: sharing good practices from around the world FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 644. This document includes eight studies showcasing good practices in support of sustainable small-scale fisheries. FAO commissioned these studies aiming to share experiences and promote the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (SSF Guidelines). The case studies were also intended to promote participatory approaches - in line with the SSF Guidelines principles - and to promote increased interaction between research and fishing communities, including the use of traditional knowledge and participatory research. It is hoped that the case studies will inform policy and policy processes and, in this way, promote sustainable small-scale fisheries according to the SSF Guidelines and the human rights-based approach to development (HRBA). The case studies constitute a rich selection of experiences and are diverse, not only with regard to their geographical setting but also in scope and approach. They span from looking at one specific tool for sharing experiences (the fisheries learning exchanges methodology in Madagascar and Mozambique) or examining the enabling environment in a specific thematic area (disaster risks in Bangladesh), to regional policy formulation on small-scale fisheries (the SSF Guidelines protocol for Caribbean policies) and reflection on how to use the SSF Guidelines in participatory processes (the Myanmar step-by-step approach to discussions with small-scale fisheries communities). A few of the papers look at co-management, in some cases combining fisheries management and social development (Senegal, Uruguay and Nepal), with one focusing on the role of small-scale fisheries and community organizations (India). Generally, the case studies refer to HRBA but, perhaps because many of the activities have taken place in the past, it seems that HRBA has rarely been consciously and explicitly implemented. Still, the case studies bear witness to a number of experiences and practices that are clearly steps in the right direction. Key good practices emerging from the studies refer to, among other things, holistic approaches to co-management and social responsibility; broad engagement, inclusiveness and partnerships; the power of communication; and gender equality and the role of women. As more experience is gained, our knowledge of how to go about implementing the SSF Guidelines will improve and nurture new and continued initiatives. For the present and the future, efforts should be made to apply HRBA, while continuing to share experiences and good practices showing how to do so when implementing the SSF Guidelines.
URL http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/CA3041EN
 
Description The RV Dr Fridtjof Nansen in the Western Indian Ocean: Voyages of marine research and capacity development Cited by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations on 01 Aug 2017 (Citing Srokosz et al., 2017)
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Citation in other policy documents
Impact Our study has been cited in an influential Nansen report by FAO. The marine research vessel (RV) Dr Fridtjof Nansen is a familiar visitor to the coastal waters of developing countries around the world. Since its first expedition in 1975, to survey fish abundance in an upwelling region of the Western Indian Ocean, the Nansen has returned to this "least known" of the world's oceans numerous times. The Nansen surveys first focussed on finding new fish resources, but expanded later to sample whole ecosystems and complex oceanographic processes. Over time, the charismatic Nansen has become a "flagship" for a multitude of resource and capacity development initiatives, extending far beyond surveys at sea. Along with the Nansen surveys, these initiatives form part of the broader Nansen Programme (after 2006 the EAF-Nansen Project), a cooperative development programme shared by the Norwegian government and the FAO. We showcase the research done to discover new resources, and to decipher the linkages between fish abundance, ocean productivity, and the oceanographic processes that maintain ecosystems. The review shows the enduring impact of the Nansen Programme on fisheries and marine science in the Western Indian Ocean, and highlights crucial gaps in information. Based on past experience, recommendations for future work are made. T
URL http://www.fao.org/3/i7652e/i7652e.pdf
 
Description ENCORE is the National Capability ORCHESTRA Extension (ENCORE)
Amount £723,925 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/V013254/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2021 
End 03/2022
 
Description Marine LTSS: Climate Linked Atlantic Sector Science
Amount £23,736,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/R015953/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2018 
End 03/2023
 
Description Safer Operations at Sea - Supported by Operational Simulations (SOS-SOS)
Amount £99,111 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/N017099/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2016 
End 12/2017
 
Description Sustainable Oceans, Livelihoods and food Security Through Increased Capacity in Ecosystem research in the Western Indian Ocean (SOLSTICE-WIO)
Amount £6,800,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/P021050/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 12/2021
 
Title Coastal permafrost erosion model 
Description Generic off-line pan-Arctic modelling tool of the coastal permafrost erosion has been developed in the framework of the new coupled ocean-sea ice-waves NEMO-CICE-WW3 model and can be used in other coupled and forced ocean-wave models. The developed model follows closely Wight's model (Barnhart 2014) and calculates coastal erosion due to wave action and sea level change anomalies, with added permafrost probability and adjustment for rocky/non rocky coast. The erosion rates depend on geological permafrost temperature, probability (PEX); ice content (ACDD) and marine parameters (SST, SWH, wave period). ACDD has the required variables to calculated organic carbon, nitrate and phosphate fluxes from erosion rates. The erosion model uses inputs from the coupled ocean-sea ice-waves model and land permafrost model and allows simulating permafrost erosion rates and fluxes of the terrigeneous matter, including fluxes of carbon, nutrients and contaminants. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The pan-Arctic model of the coastal permafrost erosion model can provide data on erosion rates for the current and future climate states and leads to the improved simulations of the marine biogeochemistry by accounting for the input of the land biogeochemical fluxes and land contaminants into the marine environment. The model provides coastal permafrost retreat data which allows assessing risks for the shore stability, shore settlements, on-shore structures and installations and can help coastal infrastructure development planning and climate impacts mitigation. The model can used for the ice barrier erosion assessments in the Antarctica. 
URL https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU22/EGU22-5807.html
 
Title Combined collisional and pack ice sea ice rheology and dynamics 
Description The method includes the full numerical implementation of combined granular rheology of Marginal Ice Zone sea ice and pack sea ice rheology (Feltham 2005). The method accounts for the impacts of sea ice fragmentation by waves on sea ice rheology and dynamics. The model implementation has been developed at the National Oceanography Centre by Drs Stefanie Rynders and Yevgeny Aksenov and has been included in the coupled and forced ocean-sea ice-waves NEMO(v3.6/v4.0+)-CICE5-ECMWF-WAM/WW3 configurations. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The method forms the basis of the new rheologies in ocean-sea ice-waves configurations and is made freely available through the UK NERC/UKMO Joint Sea Ice Modelling Programme and is used by the UK research community. 
URL https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/428655/
 
Title Coupled wave-ice ocean model 
Description Coupled wave-ice ocean global model code based on the NEMO-CICE-WW3 v3.6 configuration has been developed. The components will be made available to the NEMO modelling system. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The new coupled model introduces improved simulations of the coupled processes between sea ice, waves and ocean and allows accounting for the effects of wave mixing and coastal erosion on the ocean and marine biogeochemical fluxes. The new model enables calculating risks for the off shore structure s and ships in the icy ocean environment and improve safety of the marine operations. 
 
Title Model to assess combined risks from ocean currents, tides, waves and sea ice for offshore operations in the polar oceans and ice-covered seas 
Description Off-line model method and tool to calculate critical loads and safety limits to navigate in sea ice has been developed in the framework of the new coupled ocean-sea ice-waves NEMO-CICE-WW3 model by Drs Stefanie Rynders and Yevgeny Aksenov. The model uses inputs from the coupled ocean-sea ice-waves model and applies newly developed dynamical and static ice loads calculations, along with the safety ice navigation limits for different ship classes and critical loads from combined effects from currents and waves. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact It produces timeseries and spatial maps of the loads and maps safety areas for marine operations, including ships navigation and fixed off-shore structures exploitation. The model allows assessments of the combined navigational and structural integrity risks of the fixed and floating off-shore installations from sea ice drift and compressions, ocean waves, currents and tides regionally and globally in all the seasons, as for the present day conditions, as well as for the future climates. This is essential for the marine safety planning and forecasting. 
URL https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-80439-8_12
 
Title New improved sea ice rheology (Elastic-Anisotropic-Plastic) for SI3 regional configuration of the Arctic 
Description New improved sea ice rheology (Elastic-Anisotropic-Plastic) has been developed for the Sea Ice Integrated Initiative SI3 and included in the NEMO ocean modelling framework for the ocean research, climate and forecasting based on the ORCA2_SAS_ICE reference configuration. The NEMO code is available from https://forge.nemo-ocean.eu/nemo/nemo. This configuration has a resolution of 1/36 degree and is a cut-out of the global 1/36 configuration: https://github.com/immerse-project/ORCA36-demonstrator. The test cases for idealised domains are also available via the NEMO4.2 code download. Code authors: Drs Stefanie Rynders and Yevgeny Aksenov. The code base is a pre-4.2.0 NEMO version, the model source code can be found in the file src_tar. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The Elastic-Anisotropic-Plastic sea ice rheology simulates more accurately ice dynamics and open water leads than. the conventional rheologies, improving air-ocean momentum and heat coupling in the models. This leads to the improvement of the forecasts, CMEMS re-analysis and climate simulations. The research is done under the NERC Project "PRE-MELT" 15 (NE/T000260/1) and European Union's Horizon 2020 research and from the innovation programme under grant agreement No 821926 (project IMMERSE-Improving Models for Marine EnviRonment SErvices). The repository fulfils the public data access requirements of these projects. 
URL https://zenodo.org/record/6327871
 
Title Partially coupled global Forced model configuration NEMOv3.6-CICE5-ECWAM 
Description A partially coupled global ocean-sea ice-waves model has been developed by Drs Lucia Hosekova, Yevgeny Aksenov and Stefanie Rynders (NOC) for the model configuration NEMOv3.6-CICE5-WIM-ECWAM. The model has a fully interactive sea ice-wave model component - the Waves in Ice Module (WIM) which accounts for the process of the sea ice break up by waves, wave attenuation and propagation inside sea ice cover, wave-induced ocean mixing and melting of broken ice floes. The CICE5 model features a combined collisional-pack ice rheology, Elastic-Viscous-Plastic-Collisional rheology (EVPC) also developed and implemented by Drs Stefanie Rynders and Yevgeny Aksenov from the theoretical and analytical development by Feltham (2005), with several updates, including numerical solver for sea ice kinetic energy (granular temperature) evolution, and wave surge pressure. CICE5-WIM module simulates prognostic parameters of the sea ice floe sizes distribution, while using semi-empirical power law reconstruction of the floe sizes distribution after wave break up. CICE5-WIM modelling component is fully coupled to the ocean model NEMO and the whole modelling system is forced with the atmospheric re-analysis DFS5 and the wave fields from ECMWF wave model WAM (ECWAM). The partially coupled model has been configured and tested for the decadal integrations at 1 deg. and 1/4 deg. horizontal resolution (NEMO model grid). 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The results improve mixed layer depth simulations in the global models, providing ways to improve physical and biogeochemical model biases in the present climate model runs. The results feed in the NERC projects LTSM ORCHESTRA/ENCORE, "Towards the Marginal Arctic Sea Ice", PREMelt and LTSS CLASS and in inform the NEMO-SI3 model development strategy. The model improves predictions of the ocean and sea state in the ice covered areas, with applications for climate, forecasting, off-shore safety and marine industries by providing additional and more accurate information on the sea state in the ice-covered oceans, ice drift and dynamical ice stresses, ice fragmentation and floe sizes and the state of the upper ocean and mixed layer. The model development improved mixed layer depth simulations in the global models, providing ways to improve physical and biogeochemical model biases in the present climate model runs. The model is not more computationally expensive to run than conventional NEMO-CICE model, opening a way for the multi-decadal present and future climate simulations. The results feed in the NERC projects LTSM ORCHESTRA/ENCORE, "Towards the Marginal Arctic Sea Ice", PREMelt and LTSS CLASS and in inform the NEMO-SI3 model development strategy. 
URL https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-80439-8_12
 
Title Sea ice types and provinces diagnostics method 
Description Python and Matlab diagnostics software to detect polynyas and different ice provinces (Marginal Ice Zone, pack ice, interior open water, etc.) in the model output and satellite data. The detection algorithm takes into account sea ice concentration, thickness and proximity to the coast and position/clustering of information grid cells inside ice zone. Code authors: Stefanie Rynders and Ben Barton (NOC). 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Allows classification of sea ice provinces in the variety of data and for the salt flux and dense water analysis. 
URL https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/428655/
 
Title Combined MIZ and pack sea ice rheology model 
Description The model includes the implemented combined granular rheology of Marginal Ice Zone sea ice and pack sea ice rheology. Model accounts for the impacts of sea ice fragmentation by waves on sea ice rheology and dynamics (floe size distribution is one of the prognostic parameters). The model has been developed at the National Oceanography Centre by Drs Stefanie Rynders and Yevgeny Aksenov and has been included in the coupled and forced ocean-sea ice-waves NEMO(v3.6/v4.0+)-CICE5-ECMWF-WAM/WW3 configurations. It is made freely available through the UK NERC/UKMO Joint Sea Ice Modelling Programme and is widely used by the UK research community. https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/428655/; https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/428658/ 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Improved sea ice rheology which include granular behaviour of sea ice in the Marginal Ice Zones (MIZ) to be used in the next generation climate models. 
URL https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-80439-8_13
 
Title Coupled wave-sea ice-ocean global model 
Description A fully coupled global ocean-sea ice-waves model has been developed for the model configuration NEMOv3.6-CICE5-WW3. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Improved predictions of the ocean and sea state in the ice covered areas, with applications for climate, forecasting, off-shore safety and marine industries. 
URL https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-80439-8_12
 
Title Improved sea ice rheology (Elastic-Anisotropic-Plastic) for the European ice model SI3 in the NEMO ocean modelling framework 
Description SI3 regional configuration of the Arctic. New improved sea ice rheology (Elastic-Anisotropic-Plastic) has been developed for the Sea Ice Integrated Initiative SI3 and included in the NEMO ocean modelling framework for the ocean research, climate and forecasting based on the ORCA2_SAS_ICE reference configuration. The NEMO code is available from https://forge.nemo-ocean.eu/nemo/nemo. This configuration has a resolution of 1/36 degree and is a cut-out of the global 1/36 configuration: https://github.com/immerse-project/ORCA36-demonstrator. Code authors: Drs Stefanie Rynders and Yevgeny Aksenov. The code base is a pre-4.2.0 NEMO version, the model source code can be found in the file src_tar. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Improved forecasting skills of the EU model to deliver a wide range of ultra-high ~km-scale forecasts and climate projections for IPCC AR7. 
URL http://forge.ipsl.jussieu.fr/nemo/browser/NEMO/trunk/src/ICE/
 
Title ORCA1-CICE simulations with new mixing and sea ice melting schemes 
Description Results from the ORCA1-CICE model runs with different mixing schemes (TKE, GLS and modified GLS for wind and wave mixing) and different ice melting schemes using prognostic sea ice fragmentation (based on the ocean- sea ice -wave interactions model development by Drs Lucia Hosekova, Stefanie Rynders and Yevgeny Aksenov), the list runs is below. 1. Global NEMO1-control TKE, NEMO 3.6 stable + CICE 5.1, control 1with TKE vertical mixing lateral melting scheme with constant ice floes sizes, monthly output of U,V,T,S, W, vertical diffusivity and monthly output of sea ice (Hice Aice, Uice, Vice, Internal stresses, ice tendencies) and wave information (HS, Tp) 2. Global NEMO1-control GLS, NEMO 3.6 stable + CICE 5.1, control 2 with GLS vertical mixing, monthly output of U,V,T,S, W, vertical diffusivity and monthly output of sea ice (Hice Aice, Uice, Vice, Internal stresses, ice tendencies) and wave information (HS, Tp) 3. Global NEMO1-GLS, NEMO 3.6 stable + CICE 5.1, with modified GLS vertical mixing for wind effects, monthly output of U,V,T,S, W, vertical diffusivity and monthly output of sea ice (Hice Aice, Uice, Vice, Internal stresses, ice tendencies) and wave information (HS, Tp) 4. Global NEMO1-GLS, NEMO 3.6 stable + CICE 5.1, with modified GLS vertical mixing for wave effects, monthly output of U,V,T,S, W, vertical diffusivity and monthly output of sea ice (Hice Aice, Uice, Vice, Internal stresses, ice tendencies) and wave information (HS, Tp) 5. Global NEMO1-LM, NEMO 3.6 stable + CICE 5.1, with TKE vertical mixing and modified lateral melting scheme due to prognostics ice floes sizes, monthly output of U,V,T,S, W, vertical diffusivity and monthly output of sea ice (Hice Aice, Uice, Vice, Internal stresses, ice tendencies) and wave information (HS, Tp) 6. Global NEMO025-control, NEMO 3.6 stable + CICE 5.1, with TKE vertical mixing and modified lateral melting scheme with constant ice floes sizes, monthly output of U,V,T,S, W, vertical diffusivity and monthly output of sea ice (Hice Aice, Uice, Vice, Internal stresses, ice tendencies) and wave information (HS, Tp) 7. Global NEMO025-LM, NEMO 3.6 stable + CICE 5.1, with TKE vertical mixing and modified lateral melting scheme due to prognostics ice floes sizes, monthly output of U,V,T,S, W, vertical diffusivity and monthly output of sea ice (Hice Aice, Uice, Vice, Internal stresses, ice tendencies) and wave information (HS, Tp) 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The results improve mixed layer depth simulations in the global models, providing ways to improve physical and biogeochemical model biases in the present climate model runs. The results feed in the NERC projects LTSM ORCHESTRA/ENCORE, "Towards the Marginal Arctic Sea Ice", PREMelt and LTSS CLASS and in inform the NEMO-SI3 model development strategy. 
URL https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/428655/
 
Title Off-line model to assess combined risks from ocean currents, tides, waves and sea ice for offshore operations in the polar oceans and ice-covered seas 
Description Off-line model to calculate critical loads and safety limits to navigate in sea ice has been developed in the framework of the new coupled ocean-sea ice-waves NEMO-CICE-WW3 model by Drs Stefanie Rynders and Yevgeny Aksenov (NOC). The model uses inputs from the coupled ocean-sea ice-waves model and applies newly developed dynamical and static ice loads calculations, along with the safety ice navigation limits for different ship classes and critical loads from combined effects from currents and waves. The model is generic and can use netcdf input from any ocean-sea ice-wave models. The model produces timeseries and spatial maps of the loads and maps safety areas for marine operations, including ships navigation and fixed off-shore structures exploitation. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The model allows assessments of the combined navigational and structural integrity risks of the fixed and floating off-shore installations from sea ice drift and compressions, ocean waves, currents and tides regionally and globally in all the seasons, as for the present day conditions, as well as for the future climates. This is essential for the marine safety planning and forecasting. 
URL https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-80439-8_12
 
Title Off-line pan-Arctic model of the coastal permafrost erosion 
Description Off-line pan-Arctic model of the coastal permafrost erosion has been developed in the framework of the new coupled ocean-sea ice-waves NEMO-CICE-WW3 model. The erosion model uses inputs from the coupled ocean-sea ice-waves model and land permafrost model and allows simulating permafrost erosion rates and fluxes of the terrigeneous matter, including fluxes of carbon, nutrients and contaminants. The developed model follows closely Wight's model (Barnhart 2014) and calculates coastal erosion due to wave action and sea level change anomalies, with added permafrost probability and adjustment for rocky/non rocky coast. The erosion rates depend on geological permafrost temperature, probability (PEX); ice content (ACDD) and marine parameters (SST, SWH, wave period). ACDD has the required variables to calculated organic carbon, nitrate and phosphate fluxes from erosion rates. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Arctic coastal erosion is an increasing problem via threat to infrastructure, also it affects the marine environment. Arctic coast is mainly soft sediment permafrost. Sea ice protection is decreasing, leading to increased erosion from waves and melting. The pan-Arctic model of the coastal permafrost erosion model leads to the improved simulations of the marine biogeochemistry by accounting for the input of the land biogeochemical fluxes and land contaminants into the marine environment. The model offers quantitative assessments of the future erosion trends, informing mitigation scenarios of the coastal structure integrity and settlements safety. The model can be used to assess melting and collapse of the ice barrier from the waves in the Antarctica and sea level rise. 
URL https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU22/EGU22-5807.html
 
Title Wave-sea ice-ocean global model NEMOv3.6-CICE5-WIM-ECWAM 
Description A partially coupled global ocean-sea ice-waves model has been developed by Drs Lucia Hosekova, Yevgeny Aksenov and Stefanie Rynders (NOC) for the model configuration NEMOv3.6-CICE5-WIM-ECWAM. The model has a fully interactive sea ice-wave model component - the Waves in Ice Module (WIM) which accounts for the process of the sea ice break up by waves, wave attenuation and propagation inside sea ice cover, wave-induced ocean mixing and melting of broken ice floes. The CICE5 model features a combined collisional-pack ice rheology, Elastic-Viscous-Plastic-Collisional rheology (EVPC) also developed and implemented by Drs Stefanie Rynders and Yevgeny Aksenov from the theoretical and analytical development by Feltham (2005), with several updates, including numerical solver for sea ice kinetic energy (granular temperature) evolution, and wave surge pressure. CICE5-WIM module simulates prognostic parameters of the sea ice floe sizes distribution, while using semi-empirical power law reconstruction of the floe sizes distribution after wave break up. CICE5-WIM modelling component is fully coupled to the ocean model NEMO and the whole modelling system is forced with the atmospheric re-analysis DFS5 and the wave fields from ECMWF wave model WAM (ECWAM). The partially coupled model has been configured and tested for the decadal integrations at 1 deg. and 1/4 deg. horizontal resolution (NEMO model grid). Digital Object Identifier 10.1007/978-3-030-80439-8_12 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The model improves predictions of the ocean and sea state in the ice covered areas, with applications for climate, forecasting, off-shore safety and marine industries by providing additional and more accurate information on the sea state in the ice-covered oceans, ice drift and dynamical ice stresses, ice fragmentation and floe sizes and the state of the upper ocean and mixed layer. The model development improved mixed layer depth simulations in the global models, providing ways to improve physical and biogeochemical model biases in the present climate model runs. The model is not more computationally expensive to run than conventional NEMO-CICE model, opening a way for the multi-decadal present and future climate simulations. The results feed in the NERC projects LTSM ORCHESTRA/ENCORE, "Towards the Marginal Arctic Sea Ice", PREMelt and LTSS CLASS and in inform the NEMO-SI3 model development strategy. 
URL https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-80439-8_12
 
Description EU ALBATROSS Programme lead by ESA on global tides in polar areas from models and satellites. 
Organisation European Space Agency
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Collaboration between NOC (external partner) and EU ALBATROSS Programme lead by ESA on global tides in polar areas from models and satellites is focused on improvement of tidal simulations in climate large scale models.
Collaborator Contribution Partners deliver global tides data from satellites and advanced tidal hydrodynamical modelling.
Impact Global tides data from satellites has been collected.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Marine Hotspots 
Organisation Coastal Oceans Research and Development in the Indian Ocean
Country Kenya 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution GLORIA consolidated scientific and traditional understanding of change to ecosystems and their services, through the development and sharing of techniques, knowledge and successful approaches between Madagascar and other marine hotspot regions.
Collaborator Contribution The Global Marine Hotspots Network provides a platform where information, lessons and outcomes can be shared from regions that are warming the fastest or regions where change is rapidly occurring. Temperature has a major influence on marine ecosystems, however the Network recognises that temperature is only one driver of change and encourages contributions from other researchers or any institutions where impacts are being studied or adaptation options being developed or implemented. The network promote and facilitate trans-disciplinary approaches that engage all stakeholders and researchers (across disciplines including physical, biological and humanities) to maximise the potential for research to translate into appropriate policy and sustainable and cost-effective on-ground adaptation.
Impact This is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving representatives of academia and marine resource relevant stakeholders in the following areas: oceanography, ecology, modelling, marine biology,management of marine resources, conservation, policy.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Marine Hotspots 
Organisation Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
Department CSIRO Energy
Country Australia 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution GLORIA consolidated scientific and traditional understanding of change to ecosystems and their services, through the development and sharing of techniques, knowledge and successful approaches between Madagascar and other marine hotspot regions.
Collaborator Contribution The Global Marine Hotspots Network provides a platform where information, lessons and outcomes can be shared from regions that are warming the fastest or regions where change is rapidly occurring. Temperature has a major influence on marine ecosystems, however the Network recognises that temperature is only one driver of change and encourages contributions from other researchers or any institutions where impacts are being studied or adaptation options being developed or implemented. The network promote and facilitate trans-disciplinary approaches that engage all stakeholders and researchers (across disciplines including physical, biological and humanities) to maximise the potential for research to translate into appropriate policy and sustainable and cost-effective on-ground adaptation.
Impact This is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving representatives of academia and marine resource relevant stakeholders in the following areas: oceanography, ecology, modelling, marine biology,management of marine resources, conservation, policy.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Marine Hotspots 
Organisation Rhodes University
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution GLORIA consolidated scientific and traditional understanding of change to ecosystems and their services, through the development and sharing of techniques, knowledge and successful approaches between Madagascar and other marine hotspot regions.
Collaborator Contribution The Global Marine Hotspots Network provides a platform where information, lessons and outcomes can be shared from regions that are warming the fastest or regions where change is rapidly occurring. Temperature has a major influence on marine ecosystems, however the Network recognises that temperature is only one driver of change and encourages contributions from other researchers or any institutions where impacts are being studied or adaptation options being developed or implemented. The network promote and facilitate trans-disciplinary approaches that engage all stakeholders and researchers (across disciplines including physical, biological and humanities) to maximise the potential for research to translate into appropriate policy and sustainable and cost-effective on-ground adaptation.
Impact This is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving representatives of academia and marine resource relevant stakeholders in the following areas: oceanography, ecology, modelling, marine biology,management of marine resources, conservation, policy.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Marine Hotspots 
Organisation Universidade de São Paulo
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution GLORIA consolidated scientific and traditional understanding of change to ecosystems and their services, through the development and sharing of techniques, knowledge and successful approaches between Madagascar and other marine hotspot regions.
Collaborator Contribution The Global Marine Hotspots Network provides a platform where information, lessons and outcomes can be shared from regions that are warming the fastest or regions where change is rapidly occurring. Temperature has a major influence on marine ecosystems, however the Network recognises that temperature is only one driver of change and encourages contributions from other researchers or any institutions where impacts are being studied or adaptation options being developed or implemented. The network promote and facilitate trans-disciplinary approaches that engage all stakeholders and researchers (across disciplines including physical, biological and humanities) to maximise the potential for research to translate into appropriate policy and sustainable and cost-effective on-ground adaptation.
Impact This is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving representatives of academia and marine resource relevant stakeholders in the following areas: oceanography, ecology, modelling, marine biology,management of marine resources, conservation, policy.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Marine Hotspots 
Organisation University of Tasmania
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution GLORIA consolidated scientific and traditional understanding of change to ecosystems and their services, through the development and sharing of techniques, knowledge and successful approaches between Madagascar and other marine hotspot regions.
Collaborator Contribution The Global Marine Hotspots Network provides a platform where information, lessons and outcomes can be shared from regions that are warming the fastest or regions where change is rapidly occurring. Temperature has a major influence on marine ecosystems, however the Network recognises that temperature is only one driver of change and encourages contributions from other researchers or any institutions where impacts are being studied or adaptation options being developed or implemented. The network promote and facilitate trans-disciplinary approaches that engage all stakeholders and researchers (across disciplines including physical, biological and humanities) to maximise the potential for research to translate into appropriate policy and sustainable and cost-effective on-ground adaptation.
Impact This is a multidisciplinary collaboration involving representatives of academia and marine resource relevant stakeholders in the following areas: oceanography, ecology, modelling, marine biology,management of marine resources, conservation, policy.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Programme "Wave-induced structural gradients in Antarctic sea ice cover, ANTGRAD" 
Organisation Aalto University
Country Finland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Collaboration between NOC (external partner), the Aalto University, Finland (programme lead) and Finish Meteorological Institute has been set-up in the Programme "Wave-induced structural gradients in Antarctic sea ice cover, ANTGRAD". The programme runs 2021-2024 and examines ocean energy decay in the ice-covered regions to understand impacts on the future ocean climates and improve both the observational capacities and the model development for the climate research and forecasting in the ice-covered oceans. The programme includes modelling, remote sensing, lab experiments in the Aalto Ice Tank and measurement using Agulhas II.
Collaborator Contribution The programme includes modelling, remote sensing, lab experiments in the Aalto Ice Tank and measurements on sea ice and waves using Agulhas II.
Impact Data on sea ice and waves in the Southern Ocean to validate model performance have been collected during Agulhas II cruise. Undergoes QC checks, will be publicly available.
Start Year 2021
 
Description The next phase of the Community Ocean Wave Climate (COWCliP) model intercomparison project. https://cowclip.org/ 
Organisation Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
Country Australia 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution NOC participates in the next phase the next phase of the Community Ocean Wave Climate (COWCliP) model intercomparison project, led by CSIRO, Australia, and endorsed by WMO/IPCC. https://cowclip.org/ . This is a worldwide collaboration between ocean-sea ice-wave modelling groups. NOC provides climate simulations with global wave-NEMO-sea ice model, for the current and future projected climates.
Collaborator Contribution Partners provide climate simulations from ensembles of global waves models.
Impact Project has just started.
Start Year 2022
 
Description UK LTS-M Atlantic Climate System Integrated Study Programme (ACSIS)" (NE/N018044/1) 
Organisation British Antarctic Survey
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint analysis of the UK ESM historical period ensemble integrations. Model validations on in situ data and satellite products and bias assessments.
Collaborator Contribution Joint analysis of the UK ESM historical period ensemble integrations. Model validations on in situ data and satellite products and bias assessments.
Impact Publication: Robson, J., Aksenov, Y., Bracegirdle, T. J., Dimdore-Miles, O., Griffiths, P. T., Grosvenor, D. P., ... & Wilcox, L. J. (2020). The evaluation of the North Atlantic climate system in UKESM1 historical simulations for CMIP6. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12(9), e2020MS002126.
Start Year 2019
 
Description UK LTS-M Atlantic Climate System Integrated Study Programme (ACSIS)" (NE/N018044/1) 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint analysis of the UK ESM historical period ensemble integrations. Model validations on in situ data and satellite products and bias assessments.
Collaborator Contribution Joint analysis of the UK ESM historical period ensemble integrations. Model validations on in situ data and satellite products and bias assessments.
Impact Publication: Robson, J., Aksenov, Y., Bracegirdle, T. J., Dimdore-Miles, O., Griffiths, P. T., Grosvenor, D. P., ... & Wilcox, L. J. (2020). The evaluation of the North Atlantic climate system in UKESM1 historical simulations for CMIP6. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12(9), e2020MS002126.
Start Year 2019
 
Description UK LTS-M Atlantic Climate System Integrated Study Programme (ACSIS)" (NE/N018044/1) 
Organisation National Centre for Earth Observation
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint analysis of the UK ESM historical period ensemble integrations. Model validations on in situ data and satellite products and bias assessments.
Collaborator Contribution Joint analysis of the UK ESM historical period ensemble integrations. Model validations on in situ data and satellite products and bias assessments.
Impact Publication: Robson, J., Aksenov, Y., Bracegirdle, T. J., Dimdore-Miles, O., Griffiths, P. T., Grosvenor, D. P., ... & Wilcox, L. J. (2020). The evaluation of the North Atlantic climate system in UKESM1 historical simulations for CMIP6. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12(9), e2020MS002126.
Start Year 2019
 
Description UK LTS-M Atlantic Climate System Integrated Study Programme (ACSIS)" (NE/N018044/1) 
Organisation Plymouth Marine Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint analysis of the UK ESM historical period ensemble integrations. Model validations on in situ data and satellite products and bias assessments.
Collaborator Contribution Joint analysis of the UK ESM historical period ensemble integrations. Model validations on in situ data and satellite products and bias assessments.
Impact Publication: Robson, J., Aksenov, Y., Bracegirdle, T. J., Dimdore-Miles, O., Griffiths, P. T., Grosvenor, D. P., ... & Wilcox, L. J. (2020). The evaluation of the North Atlantic climate system in UKESM1 historical simulations for CMIP6. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12(9), e2020MS002126.
Start Year 2019
 
Description UK LTS-M Atlantic Climate System Integrated Study Programme (ACSIS)" (NE/N018044/1) 
Organisation University of Cambridge
Department Department of Chemistry
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint analysis of the UK ESM historical period ensemble integrations. Model validations on in situ data and satellite products and bias assessments.
Collaborator Contribution Joint analysis of the UK ESM historical period ensemble integrations. Model validations on in situ data and satellite products and bias assessments.
Impact Publication: Robson, J., Aksenov, Y., Bracegirdle, T. J., Dimdore-Miles, O., Griffiths, P. T., Grosvenor, D. P., ... & Wilcox, L. J. (2020). The evaluation of the North Atlantic climate system in UKESM1 historical simulations for CMIP6. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12(9), e2020MS002126.
Start Year 2019
 
Description UK LTS-M Atlantic Climate System Integrated Study Programme (ACSIS)" (NE/N018044/1) 
Organisation University of Leeds
Department School of Earth and Environment
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint analysis of the UK ESM historical period ensemble integrations. Model validations on in situ data and satellite products and bias assessments.
Collaborator Contribution Joint analysis of the UK ESM historical period ensemble integrations. Model validations on in situ data and satellite products and bias assessments.
Impact Publication: Robson, J., Aksenov, Y., Bracegirdle, T. J., Dimdore-Miles, O., Griffiths, P. T., Grosvenor, D. P., ... & Wilcox, L. J. (2020). The evaluation of the North Atlantic climate system in UKESM1 historical simulations for CMIP6. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12(9), e2020MS002126.
Start Year 2019
 
Description UK LTS-M Atlantic Climate System Integrated Study Programme (ACSIS)" (NE/N018044/1) 
Organisation University of Oxford
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint analysis of the UK ESM historical period ensemble integrations. Model validations on in situ data and satellite products and bias assessments.
Collaborator Contribution Joint analysis of the UK ESM historical period ensemble integrations. Model validations on in situ data and satellite products and bias assessments.
Impact Publication: Robson, J., Aksenov, Y., Bracegirdle, T. J., Dimdore-Miles, O., Griffiths, P. T., Grosvenor, D. P., ... & Wilcox, L. J. (2020). The evaluation of the North Atlantic climate system in UKESM1 historical simulations for CMIP6. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12(9), e2020MS002126.
Start Year 2019
 
Description UK LTS-M Atlantic Climate System Integrated Study Programme (ACSIS)" (NE/N018044/1) 
Organisation University of Reading
Department Department of Meteorology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Joint analysis of the UK ESM historical period ensemble integrations. Model validations on in situ data and satellite products and bias assessments.
Collaborator Contribution Joint analysis of the UK ESM historical period ensemble integrations. Model validations on in situ data and satellite products and bias assessments.
Impact Publication: Robson, J., Aksenov, Y., Bracegirdle, T. J., Dimdore-Miles, O., Griffiths, P. T., Grosvenor, D. P., ... & Wilcox, L. J. (2020). The evaluation of the North Atlantic climate system in UKESM1 historical simulations for CMIP6. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12(9), e2020MS002126.
Start Year 2019
 
Title ARC36 stand-alone SI3 Arctic configuration 
Description SI3 regional configuration of the Arctic This is a configuration of the NEMO community ocean model based on the ORCA2_SAS_ICE reference configuration. The NEMO code is available from https://forge.nemo-ocean.eu/nemo/nemo. This configuration has a resolution of 1/36 degree and is a cut-out of the global 1/36 configuration: https://github.com/immerse-project/ORCA36-demonstrator. The code base is a pre-4.2.0 NEMO version, the model source code can be found in the file src_tar. Model setup Follow the instructions on https://sites.nemo-ocean.io/user-guide/index.html to download and install the NEMO model version 4.2.0. Swap the src directory for the one in the tar file src_tar. Compile the ORCA2_SAS_ICE reference configuration. Put the rest of the files in this zenodo archive in the EXP00 directory, except the namelist_cfg_for_DOMAINcfg file which goes into tools/DOMAINcfg along with the grid files to be downloaded later. The files provided include example configuration namelist files namelist_cfg and namelist_ice_cfg. The atmospheric forcing used is the Drakkar forcing set (DFS) version 5.2, year 2008. The atmospheric forcing is interpolated on-the-fly, using the weights files. The weights were calculated using the nemo WEIGHTS tool. For the ocean (bottom) boundary the World Ocean Atlas 2018 multidecadal monthly averages are used. The data is already interpolated onto the ARC36 grid. Interpolation was done using the SOSIE tool. Files provided are monthly averages of sea surface salinity and temperature. Finally, the model grid domain_cfg.nc needs to be created. Download the ORCA36 files from ftp://ftp.mercator-ocean.fr/download/users/cbricaud/BENCH-ORCA36-INPUT.tar.gz, see the ORCA36 demonstrator github page. The necessary files are the coordinates and bathymetry files. To cut out the Arctic domain use ncks -F -d y,7000,,1 in.nc out.nc. Put in tools/DOMAINcfg and use the DOMAINcfg NEMO tool to create the domain_cfg.nc file using the file namelist_cfg_for_DOMAINcfg as namelist_cfg. The resulting file is large (122GB) therefore executing in parallel mode is required. The individual processor files need to be merged into one, use the REBUILD_NEMO tool. Put the resulting domain_cfg.nc file into EXP00 and run NEMO following the instructions. The ARC36 configuration was set up and run on ARCHER2 using 594 NEMO processors and 12 XIOS processors. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2022 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact The Elastic-Anisotropic-Plastic sea ice rheology simulates more accurately ice dynamics and open water leads than. the conventional rheologies, improving air-ocean momentum and heat coupling in the models. This leads to the improvement of the forecasts, CMEMS re-analysis and climate simulations. The research is done under the NERC Project "PRE-MELT" 15 (NE/T000260/1) and European Union's Horizon 2020 research and from the innovation programme under grant agreement No 821926 (project IMMERSE-Improving Models for Marine EnviRonment SErvices). The repository fulfils the public data access requirements of these projects. 
URL https://zenodo.org/record/6327871
 
Title Combined sea ice rheology code 
Description Fortran90 model code to account for the impacts of sea ice fragmentation by waves on sea ice rheology and dynamics. The model has been developed at the National Oceanography Centre by Drs Stefanie Rynders and Yevgeny Aksenov and has been included in the coupled and forced ocean-sea ice-waves NEMO(v3.6/v4.0+)-CICE5-ECMWF-WAM/WW3 configurations. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2019 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact It is made freely available through the UK NERC/UKMO Joint Sea Ice Modelling Programme and is widely used by the UK research community. 
URL https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-80439-8_13
 
Title Coupled wave-sea ice-ocean global model 
Description A fully coupled global ocean-sea ice-waves model has been developed for the model configuration NEMOv3.6-CICE5-WW3. 2022. Code author: Dr Stefanie Rynders. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2022 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Improved predictions of the ocean and sea state in the ice covered areas, with applications for climate, forecasting, off-shore safety and marine industries. 
URL https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-80439-8_12
 
Title Forced-partially coupled model configuration NEMOv3.6-CICE5-ECWAM 
Description A partially coupled global ocean-sea ice-waves model has been developed by Drs Lucia Hosekova, Yevgeny Aksenov and Stefanie Rynders (NOC) for the model configuration NEMOv3.6-CICE5-WIM-ECWAM. The model has a fully interactive sea ice-wave model component - the Waves in Ice Module (WIM) which accounts for the process of the sea ice break up by waves, wave attenuation and propagation inside sea ice cover, wave-induced ocean mixing and melting of broken ice floes. The CICE5 model features a combined collisional-pack ice rheology, Elastic-Viscous-Plastic-Collisional rheology (EVPC) also developed and implemented by Drs Stefanie Rynders and Yevgeny Aksenov from the theoretical and analytical development by Feltham (2005), with several updates, including numerical solver for sea ice kinetic energy (granular temperature) evolution, and wave surge pressure. CICE5-WIM module simulates prognostic parameters of the sea ice floe sizes distribution, while using semi-empirical power law reconstruction of the floe sizes distribution after wave break up. CICE5-WIM modelling component is fully coupled to the ocean model NEMO and the whole modelling system is forced with the atmospheric re-analysis DFS5 and the wave fields from ECMWF wave model WAM (ECWAM). The partially coupled model has been configured and tested for the decadal integrations at 1 deg. and 1/4 deg. horizontal resolution (NEMO model grid). 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2017 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact The results improve mixed layer depth simulations in the global models, providing ways to improve physical and biogeochemical model biases in the present climate model runs. The results feed in the NERC projects LTSM ORCHESTRA/ENCORE, "Towards the Marginal Arctic Sea Ice", PREMelt and LTSS CLASS and in inform the NEMO-SI3 model development strategy. The model improves predictions of the ocean and sea state in the ice covered areas, with applications for climate, forecasting, off-shore safety and marine industries by providing additional and more accurate information on the sea state in the ice-covered oceans, ice drift and dynamical ice stresses, ice fragmentation and floe sizes and the state of the upper ocean and mixed layer. The model is not more computationally expensive to run than conventional NEMO-CICE model, opening a way for the multi-decadal present and future climate simulations. The results feed in the NERC projects LTSM ORCHESTRA/ENCORE, "Towards the Marginal Arctic Sea Ice", PREMelt and LTSS CLASS and in inform the NEMO-SI3 model development strategy. 
URL https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/428655/
 
Title Mixing modules in NEMO 
Description Ocean mixing modules for the NEMO system model v3.6 and 4.0. distributed under the CeCILL FREE SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2020 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact The wave mixing module improves simulations of the oceanic mixed layer, ocean heat content and sea ice in the Arctic and Souther Ocean. The modelling research community is informed on the model development, which is used as an open source for the scientific research. 
URL http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/428655
 
Title Off-line generic pan-Arctic model code of the coastal permafrost erosion 
Description Off-line pan-Arctic Matlab model code of the coastal permafrost erosion has been developed for the framework of the new coupled ocean-sea ice-waves NEMO-CICE-WW3 model at the National Oceanography Centre by Dr Stefanie Rynders. The code is generic and can be used with netcdf data input from wave-ocean models. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2022 
Impact The pan-Arctic model of the coastal permafrost erosion model can provide data on erosion rates for the current and future climate states and leads to the improved simulations of the marine biogeochemistry by accounting for the input of the land biogeochemical fluxes and land contaminants into the marine environment. The model provides coastal permafrost retreat data which allows assessing risks for the shore stability, shore settlements, on-shore structures and installations and can help coastal infrastructure development planning and climate impacts mitigation. The model can used for the ice barrier erosion assessments in the Antarctica. 
URL https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU22/EGU22-5807.html
 
Title Off-line model code to assess combined risks from ocean currents, tides, waves and sea ice for offshore operations in the polar oceans and ice-covered seas 
Description Off-line Matlab model code to calculate critical loads and safety limits to navigate in sea ice has been developed in the framework of the new coupled ocean-sea ice-waves NEMO-CICE-WW3 model by Drs Stefanie Rynders and Yevgeny Aksenov (NOC). The model uses inputs from the coupled ocean-sea ice-waves model and applies newly developed dynamical and static ice loads calculations, along with the safety ice navigation limits for different ship classes and critical loads from combined effects from currents and waves. The model is generic and can use netcdf input from any ocean-sea ice-wave models. The model produces timeseries and spatial maps of the loads and maps safety areas for marine operations, including ships navigation and fixed off-shore structures exploitation. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2022 
Impact The model software allows off-line assessments of the combined navigational and structural integrity risks of the fixed and floating off-shore installations from sea ice drift and compressions, ocean waves, currents and tides regionally and globally in all the seasons, as for the present day conditions, as well as for the future climates. This is essential for the marine safety planning and forecasting. 
URL https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-80439-8_12
 
Title Sea ice types and provinces diagnostics software 
Description Python and Matlab diagnostics software to detect polynyas and different ice provinces (Marginal Ice Zone, pack ice, interior open water, etc.) in the model output and satellite data. The detection algorithm takes into account sea ice concentration, thickness and proximity to the coast and position/clustering of information grid cells inside ice zone. Code authors: Stefanie Rynders and Ben Barton (NOC). 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2021 
Impact Allows classification of sea ice provinces in the variety of data and for the salt flux and dense water analysis. 
URL https://eprints.soton.ac.uk/428655/
 
Description Action Plan (AP) document for the Arctic group WG4 (Predicted Ocean) of the UN Decade of the Ocean 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Championed one of the topics of the Action Plan (AP) document for the Arctic group WG4 (Predicted Ocean) of the UN Decade of the Ocean
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description GLORIA workshop held in Madagascar, 14-16 June 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Central to GLORIA research is a workshop held in Madagascar, 14-16 June 2016, where experts from the marine and climate sciences worked with Malagasy stakeholders to share information, explore adaptive solutions and develop recommendations for future action to minimize climate change impacts on marine-dependent, low-income communities.

Results from the workshop informed climate change adaptation efforts in Madagascar and elsewhere in the Western Indian Ocean and other regions where similar marine-dependent communities are also affected by rapid warming of adjacent seas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://gullsweb.noc.ac.uk/
 
Description Modelling of teh Sanchi oil spill. Media coverage 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact An emergency ocean model simulations run by scientists at the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) and the University of Southampton assessed the potential impact of local ocean circulation on the spread of pollutants. These simulations were run using the leading-edge, high-resolution global ocean circulation model, NEMO.

The Sanchi tanker collision occurred on the border between the Yellow and East China seas, an area with complex, strong and highly variable surface currents.
These latest predictions have been made possible by new information about where the Sanchi oil tanker finally sank. Based on this update, the team of scientists from the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) have run new ocean model simulations to assess the potential impact of local ocean circulation on the spread of pollutants. These simulations were run on the leading-edge, high-resolution global ocean circulation model, NEMO.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://noc.ac.uk/news/sanchi-oil-spill-contamination-could-reach-japan-within-month-update