HyCRISTAL: Integrating Hydro-Climate Science into Policy Decisions for Climate-Resilient Infrastructure and Livelihoods in East Africa

Lead Research Organisation: University of Leeds
Department Name: School of Earth and Environment

Abstract

East Africa (EA) has one of the world's fastest growing populations, with maxima around water-bodies and rapid urbanisation. Climate change is adding to existing problems increasing vulnerability of the poorest. HyCRISTAL is driven by EA priorities. EA communities rely on rainfall for food via agriculture. EA's inland lakes are rain-fed and provide water, power and fisheries. For EA's growing cities, climate impacts on water resources will affect water supply & treatment. HyCRISTAL will therefore operate in both urban & rural contexts.

Change in water availability will be critical for climate-change impacts in EA, but projections are highly uncertain for rain, lakes, rivers and groundwater, and for extremes. EA "Long-Rains" are observed to be decreasing; while models tend to predict an increase (the "EA Climate paradox") although predictions are not consistent. This uncertainty provides a fundamental limit on the utility of climate information to inform policy. HyCRISTAL will therefore make best use of current projections to quantify uncertainty in user-relevant quantities and provide ground-breaking research to understand and reduce the uncertainty that currently limits decision making.

HyCRISTAL will work with users to deliver world-leading climate research quantifying uncertainty from natural variability, uncertainty from climate forcings including those previously unassessed, and uncertainty in response to these forcings; including uncertainties from key processes such as convection and land-atmopshere coupling that are misrepresented in global models. Research will deliver new understanding of the mechanisms that drive the uncertainty in projections. HyCRISTAL will use this information to understand trends, when climate-change signals will emerge and provide a process-based expert judgement on projections. Working with policy makers, inter-disciplinary research (hydrology, economics, engineering, social science, ecology and decision-making) will quantify risks for rural & urban livelihoods, quantify climate impacts and provide the necessary tools to use climate information for decision making.

HyCRISTAL will work with partners to co-produce research for decision-making on a 5-40 year timescale, demonstrated in 2 main pilots for urban water and policies to enable adaptive climate-smart rural livelihoods. These cover two of three "areas of need" from the African Ministerial Council on Environment's Comprehensive Framework of African Climate Change Programmes. HyCRISTAL has already engaged 12 partners from across EA. HyCRISTAL's Advisory Board will provide a mechanism for further growing stakeholder engagement.

HyCRISTAL will work with the FCFA global & regional projects and CCKE, sharing methods, tools, user needs, expertise & communication. Uniquely, HyCRISTAL will capitalise on the new LVB-HyNEWS, an African-led consortium, governed by the East African Community, the Lake Victoria Basin Commission and National Meteorological and Hydrological agencies, with the African Ministerial Conference on Meteorology as an observer.

HyCRISTAL will build EA capacity directly via collaboration (11 of 25 HyCRISTAL Co-Is are African, with 9 full-time in Africa), including data collection and via targeted workshops and teaching. HyCRISTAL will deliver evidence of impact, with new and deep climate science insights that will far outlast its duration. It will support decisions for climate-resilient infrastructure and livelihoods through application of new understanding in its pilots, with common methodological and infrastructure lessons to promote policy and enable transformational change for impact-at-scale. Using a combination of user-led and science-based management tools, HyCRISTAL will ensure the latest physical science, engineering and social-science yield maximum impacts. HyCRISTAL will deliver outstanding outputs across FCFA's aims; synergies with LVB-HyNEWS will add to these and ensure longevity beyond HyCRISTAL.

Planned Impact

HyCRISTAL will have a positive impact on 7 groups of beneficiaries through the process and research outcomes.
1) COMMUNITIES IN THE LAKE VICTORIA BASIN
Communities will have the opportunity to access, input to, and benefit via their livelihoods from the research. Development options and pathways for climate-smart fisheries/agriculture, sustainable water use, access & distribution, will enhance productive and WASH outcomes in the region with such measurable livelihood improvements as greater levels of savings or tradeable assets. At least 400 households will participate in the adaptation trials. Wider engagement will occur via community exchanges, district workshops and regional learning platforms.
2) WATER PLANNERS/MANAGERS IN GOVERNMENT & POLICY
Close links with resource planners and government policymakers (East African Community, Lake Victoria Basin Commission, Uganda National Water and Sewerage Co, Local Authorities) will facilitate the 2-way flow of information, tools & guidance needed to support livelihoods & water management. Training will be tailored to user needs and through inclusive participation, empower women & youth to co-design and better apply planning tools. These stakeholders will act as researcher-advocates and contribute to policy uptake via "fit-for-purpose" evidence of the pilot outcomes. Value-added impact of such interventions on the local economy & livelihoods will result from investments to Treasury & donors. Local/sub-national governments in the region now have devolved responsibilities for climate services and will also benefit from improved evidence of benefits.
3) INTERNATIONAL & BILATERAL DEVELOPMENT PARTNERS
These will benefit from robust quantitative & qualitative evidence to inform programmes of support to national innovation support systems (including advisory services, SME promotion, regulatory frameworks). USAID & EU, World Bank, UNEP, UNDP, WFP, WHO and others are active in this region and will be invited to participate in the high-level Learning Platforms.
4) NGOs
Close collaboration with international (Practical Action) & local NGOs (Rural Environment & Development Organisation, OSIENALA, Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern & Southern Africa) will inform their livelihood and WASH programs development and provide evidence of their own interventions and modes of working with pilot communities.
5) CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS (CSOs) & MEDIA
CSOs, national/sub-national farmer/fisher & urban organizations will benefit from evidence supporting lobbying for improved water services and climate-smart fisheries/agriculture management. Some CSOs already provide innovation support services (Uganda National Farmers Federation) and will be able to use the project findings to enhance such service provision. Engagement with CSOs & the media (local FM stations) will raise awareness of the research process and outcomes (planning information & decision tools). Wider coverage of the research & analytical methods will help to showcase benefits & attract future investment, stimulating collaborations beyond HyCRISTAL
6) RESEARCH INSTITUTES & MET SERVICES
HyCRISTAL will work with weather forecasters, hydrologists, hydrogeologists & users of medium-long-range forecasts, through project partnerships. These partners benefit via access to improved climate risk information and by strengthening utility of their climate services at regional to community levels.
7) PRIVATE SECTOR
African companies (Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company) will benefit from exposure to the knowledge products helping to inform their future business plans. Communities across the region will indirectly benefit from improved innovation support policies and interventions that are evidence based and tuned to the ways in which they seek support in their innovation & livelihood decision-making resulting in increased household capacity to invest in new livelihood options as current ones become unsusustainable

Organisations

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Climate change means that there is an urgent need for many long term decisions to be informed by how the climate will and may change.

HyCRISTAL is providing new information on climate change for East Africa, and demonstrating the value of integrating knowledge of climate change into long-term decision making.

HyCRISTAL has generated new scientific understanding of East African climate change, and addresses five contexts of climate-change informed decision making. HyCRISTAL's lessons are, however, widely applicable.

Context of long term decision making in East Africa
Recent floods and droughts have demonstrated how Eastern Africa is vulnerable to climate variability and extreme weather. Increasing resilience to such extremes as the population grows is vital to the future of millions.
East Africa's population and its cities are growing rapidly, putting pressure on resources and ecosystems. Rapid economic growth means that infrastructure is currently being built that will last decades, and policies are needed to ensure alignment with both sustainable development and climate resilience.
Hon. Acidri, Member of the Ugandan Parliament, "Tackling climate change is not only about the predictions, but requires clear focus on community and household resilience and understanding livelihood strategies. Understanding the context for future planning is critical."

Climate Change in East Africa
Possible futures of Eastern Africa's climate, in the context of HyCRISTAL's two main pilot studies, are provided in HyCRISTAL's narratives.
Eastern Africa has warmed and will continue to warm over coming decades, with the amount of long-term warming determined by future emissions of greenhouse gases. This warming will increase heatwaves. Warmer air can hold more moisture and generate heavier rainfall, and rainfall is expected to intensify. Rainfall patterns and amounts are expected to change, and although many models predict increased rainfall overall, whether areas will become wetter or drier generally remains uncertain.
Prime Minister, Rt. Hon. Dr. Ruhakana Rugunda "Today we are living with amazing evidence of degradation under climate change"

Climate change, flooding and urban water and sanitation (WASH)
HyCRISTAL is working with city authorities and WASH organisations in Kampala and Kisumu to enable more climate-resilient WASH: with possible interventions including better management of existing drainage and sanitation systems and appropriate design of new infrastructure.

Climate changes and urbanisation are expected to increase flooding and other surface water issues. Cities and towns are already suffering from floods, particularly high impact flash flooding that affects the services and infrastructure people and businesses rely on. The water mobilises human waste in pit latrines and other sanitation systems, leading to health impacts which are felt disproportionately by the most vulnerable - the old, young, sick and poor. HyCRISTAL is working to understand how future intensification of rainfall will affect flood outcomes, and subsequent impacts on sanitation service delivery and health, to enable effective interventions.

Climate change information to support rural livelihoods
HyCRISTAL is working directly with the Ugandan Parliament, the National Disaster Management Agency and the Ugandan National Meteorological Authority together with key advocacy CSOs to support policy making around climate change interventions.
Understanding communication processes and the channels through which information is shared is central to HyCRISTAL's rural livelihoods work. Providing national and local access to data and knowledge, and training in the skills required to interpret that data and knowledge, are essential. Through HyCRISTAL's proactive advocacy engagement and partnerships it has pulled learning through to new legislation, including at the national level.
HyCRISTAL has piloted a multidimensional approach to rural adaptation that involves a range of interdependent studies and activities, including the use of Climate Risk Narratives at the local and national level. Data generated through research methods such as the Household Economy Approach and the Individual Household Method contribute to a key output, which is the development of an Integrated Database for African Policymakers (IDAPS). IDAPS is a platform that provides users with a rich and integrated data resource that will span climate, crops, fisheries, hydrology, and livelihoods. Interpreting and analysing this data will assist policymakers to understand and respond to the effects of climate and other significant changes in the Lake Victoria Basin.

Climate change information in water resource planning
HyCRISTAL is working with national ministries responsible for water resource planning to understand future changes in environmental flows across the Lake Victoria Basin and use this for decision making.
The growing population of East Africa relies on groundwater and surface water for domestic water use, agriculture, industry, and power generation. HyCRISTAL is working with the Ministry for Water & Environment (MWE) in Uganda to embed understanding from HyCRISTAL research into water resources tools used for catchment-based water resource management and planning.
Dr Callist Tindimugaya, Commissioner for Water Resources Planning and Regulation at MWE, notes "HyCRISTAL's work will enhance what we are doing and ensure climate issues are addressed and our plans are well grounded in climate science", "the work of HyCRISTAL will be very important for the country to take informed decisions."

Climate change information for long-term decisions in tea production (CI4Tea)
CI4Tea has worked with smallholder farmers, large tea estates, and tea research institutes in Kenya and Malawi to show how climate metrics linked to vulnerability of tea have and will change, to enable stakeholders to prioritise adaptation options.
Recent incidences of drought in Kenya (2015) and heatwaves in Malawi (2019) had devastating impact on the crop due to leaf scorch. CI4Tea is side-project of HyCRISTAL (joint with FCFA's UMFULA) and has shown how climate metrics linked to vulnerability of tea (e.g. consecutive high temperature days, 10 day dry spells) have changed in the recent past and are expected to change in the future. This informs adaptation options, such as replanting with drought tolerant varieties, investing in irrigation infrastructure, planting shade trees etc.
Tea is a major contributor to the economy in both Kenya (22% of export earnings) and Malawi (10% of export earnings), and provides livelihood to millions. A tea bush has a long economic life cycle of ~60-80 years, and a newly planted bush only becomes profitable after 9 years, making long-term change important for decision making. Tea is climate sensitive, and limited flexibility in its management makes tea crop particularly vulnerable to climate change. Therefore relevant climate change information is valuable to help safeguard future investments.
'Using this information, we can prepare ourselves, the future will not come as a surprise for us' says one of the tea producers from western Kenya.

Climate change information for planning Lake Victoria transport systems (HyTpp)
HyTpp is working to ensure that future transport systems around or over Lake Victoria take plan appropriately for climate change impacts on lake levels.
HyTpp was funded by UKAid, through the Corridors for Growth Fund administered by the World Bank. Rapid growth of population and the economy in the Lake Victoria Basin means that transport links across and around the Lake must be developed. Possible lake levels were calculated using a wide range of plausible global futures. Results showed that levels are likely to increase or decrease, and this may be significantly outside past variability. The outflow, if it continues to follow the 'AGreed Curve', will vary more than the level itself, since the varying outflow of the Agreed Curve buffers the effect of climate change on the lake level.


HyCRISTAL's climate science

HyCRISTAL has produced a step-change in our understanding of Eastern Africa climate change, including long term trends, seasonality and extremes.
Consultation with decision makers meant work was focused on rainfall and its extremes, as this is a key need for many decisions across sectors.
Extreme rainfall is expected to intensify more than is projected by global climate models, and increases in extremes may be more widespread than in those models (Kendon et al., 2019; Finney et al., 2020, using new high-resolutions simulations from the FCFA IMPALA project).
The recent drying of the long rains, termed the "East African Climate Change paradox" due to its contrast with projected wetting, is due to a shorter, but not less intense, rainy season, linked to heating over Arabia and Indian Ocean temperatures.
Heating of the Sahara under climate change tends to lead to a later and longer short rains, with a larger rainfall increase than in the long rains, with an earlier end to the long rains, although differences between models shows that changes to onset, cessation and rainfall are still uncertain in both seasons (Dunning et al., 2018). Other research, not from FCFA, shows that a warming Indian Ocean generates a risk of more extreme short rains seasons, such of those of 2019, due to enhancement of positive Indian Ocean Dipole events (Cai et al).
The largest projected increase in the East African long rains from global models has been determined to be implausible, and processes remote from Africa can be key to rainfall changes (Rowell & Chadwick, 2018; Rowell, 2019)
Global climate models are not expected to cover the full range of possible change, as they do not fully incorporate how future aerosol emissions may affect climate, especially for short rains (Scannell et al., 2019)
Westerly winds provide a key control on rainfall, allow tropical cyclones to indirectly impact rainfall, and are linked to tropical cyclones and the Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO)

HyCRISTAL's climate science methodology, has enabled this progress and is widely applicable:
Work with decision makers to understand which aspects of climate change are key to decisions
Understand past rainfall changes and processes driving them
Quantify uncertainty in existing global model projections (CMIP) for metrics relevant to Eastern Africa
Understand uncertainty in CMIP changes and try to narrow this through evaluation of processes causing that cause spread in changes
Quantify and understand the role of processes not captured or not well captured by CMIP: moist convection, lake-atmosphere interaction, land-use change, aerosol changes
Integration of climate change information into the Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum (GHACOF)
HyCRISTAL's engagement in GHACOF has allowed decision makers across sectors to work through expected impacts of HyCRISTAL's narratives of possible future climate on their sectors and develop action time-lines in response.
Working with WISER, HyCRISTAL has introduced climate change into the GHACOF forum. The GHACOF forum is convened ahead of every rainy season, and is an established forum for meteorological centres to share predictions for the coming season with users, for users to plan their response, and for users to give feedback on predictions. Decision makers across sectors (Agriculture and Food Security, Livestock and Rangelands, conflict Early Warning, Disaster Risk Management (DRM), Water Resources, Energy and Health) have engaged with HyCRISTAL's narratives and provided feedback to inform both future research and future GHACOFs.
Wider lessons

Common lessons emerge from HyCRISTAL's pilot studies and activities such as GHACOF
The need for greater resilience to current extremes and planning for future unprecedented extremes
The value of 'no regrets' options which have benefits regardless of the exact nature of future change
The need to integrate possible climate change into important and/or expensive decisions
For important future decisions, the need to establish appropriate monitoring and planning processes
The need for dialogue across sectors and across national borders.

Further Information
HyCRISTAL (2019) Scientific Understanding of East African Climate Change from the HyCRISTAL Project. https://doi.org/10.5518/100/19
Exploitation Route Widely applicable to E African decision making, being taken forward through HyCRISTAL extension including GHACOF
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Transport

URL http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/151635/3/HyCRISTAL_climate_summary_v1.pdf
 
Description Analysis by HyCRISTAL used in HyTpp report to World Bank and its consulatnt on possible future LAke Victoria levels & outflows for infratsructure/management plans All climate science fed through to enagement activities to introduce climate chnage to the GReater Horn of AFrica Climate Outlook Forum (GHACOF). ~200 attendees including MPs, minsitries
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Environment,Transport
Impact Types Economic

 
Description IDAPs Stakeholders and Influencers Consultation - Phase 1 Report
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Introduction of climate change to Greater Horn of Africa CLimate Outlook Forum (GHACOF)
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL https://futureclimateafrica.org/news/54th-greater-horn-of-africa-climate-outlook-forum-hycristal-int...
 
Description JASMIN supercomputer access for African scientists . This was enabled in HyCRISTAL, with the techniques used then built on by both GCRF Africa SWIFT and Launchpad
Geographic Reach Africa 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact African researchers accessing the UK JASMIn resource for reserach
 
Description UGANDA - Synthesising Evidence for Targeted National Responses to Climate Change
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL http://www.walker.ac.uk/news-events/walker-institute-team-submits-brief-to-deputy-speaker-of-ugandan...
 
Description Climate Information for Resilient Tea Production
Amount £99,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2017 
End 03/2018
 
Description East meets West (FCFA P1 gap filling)
Amount £72,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2018 
End 04/2019
 
Description HyCRISTAL Transport Pilot Project (HyTPP)
Amount £150,000 (GBP)
Organisation World Bank Group 
Sector Public
Country United States
Start 05/2017 
End 04/2018
 
Description HyCRISTAL costed extension
Amount £200,000 (GBP)
Organisation UK Department for International Development 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2019 
End 03/2021
 
Description NERC Enviromental Risks
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Title Improved 30+ year satellite-gauge based rainfall data for all Africa 
Description • Generation of an improved 30+ year satellite-gauge based rainfall data for all Africa that better captures spatial changes in the rainfall climate (TAMSAT Version 3.0). This dataset will be used to support the characterisation of rainfall changes over the East Africa region. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact • Generation of an improved 30+ year satellite-gauge based rainfall data for all Africa that better captures spatial changes in the rainfall climate (TAMSAT Version 3.0). This dataset will be used to support the characterisation of rainfall changes over the East Africa region. 
 
Title Kampala hydroclimate observations 
Description urban hydrometeorology observations in Kampala, Uganda 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Being used in HyCRISTAL, requests from Europe, may be used in HyVic-pilot 
 
Title Rural Livelihoods household economy data collection 
Description Weekly meetings with rural livelihoods team in Walker Institute to progress work on household economy data collection planned for Homa Bay (July 2017) 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact None yet 
 
Title Wash Model 
Description Developing conceptual model for the urban WASH work, and started refining the element focused on calculating health burden of WASH system 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact None yet 
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation African Centre for Health and Societal Transformation
Country Uganda 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation County Government of Kisumu
Department Green Energy and Climate Change County Government of Kisumu
Country Kenya 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation County Government of Kisumu
Country Kenya 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation DFID Uganda
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation Friends of Lake Victoria - OSIENALA
Country Kenya 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation ICPAC
Country Kenya 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation International Centre for Maize and Wheat Improvement (CIMMYT)
Country Mexico 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation International START Secretariat
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation Kenya Agriculture & Livestock Research Organization (KALRO)
Country Kenya 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation Kenya Forestry Research Institute
Country Kenya 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute
Country Kenya 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation Lake Victoria Basin Commission
Country Kenya 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation Lake Victoria Fisheries Organisation
Country Uganda 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation National Agricultural Research Laboratories (NARL)
Country Uganda 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation Rwanda Meteorology Agency
Country Rwanda 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute
Country Tanzania, United Republic of 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation University of Dar es Salaam
Country Tanzania, United Republic of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Engagement of a wide range of partner organisations to establish user needs for climate-change information in East Africa, and relevant metrics for that change. 
Organisation University of Rwanda
Country Rwanda 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Setup meeting and initiated collaboration
Collaborator Contribution Attended meeting and engaged in dialogue
Impact HyCRISTAL climate-change metrics developed & published Kampala Capital City Authority (value £5000 - they have given us some super useful sanitation data) Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (value £500 - we are just about to enter into a Strategic Partnership agreement/ MOU with them) National Water and Sewerage Company, Uganda (value £200 they have been supportive of the project and shared some maps/ datasets with us)
Start Year 2015
 
Description GCRF Africa SWIFT & HIGHWAY for HyVic-pilot 
Organisation World Meteorological Organization
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Worked with SWIFT team and HIGHWAY , NCAS & Met Office to deliver HyVic pilot flights over Lake Victoria, contributing staff time & funds
Collaborator Contribution SWIFT-staff Met Office-staff HyCRISTAL-staff HIGHWAY - main funds for aircraft on the ground HyCRISTAL-small funds NCAS-flight hours
Impact Atmos Sci paper in progress
Start Year 2019
 
Description Where East meets West: Convection and rainfall over Ethiopia and South Sudan under climate change 
Organisation ICPAC
Country Kenya 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The PI (Declan Finney, University of Leeds) is part of the team, and he takes on the main supervisory role. He also facilitates the access to model data and provides expertise in use of data. The research team provide expertise in tropical meteorology, East African climate, and climate change research, and use of climate and regional models. We also facilitate involvement into the wider HyCRISTAL project studying climate change in East Africa.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners at ICPAC carry out analysis of model data (primarily the research assistant Herbert Misiani). The team at ICPAC provide expertise in relevant fields and provide local supervision for Mr MIsiani. The ICPAC team also facilitate interaction with the ICPAC network.
Impact Training for African ECR in python. A visit to the UK for African ECR in order to network with relevant researchers at the University of Leeds and University of Reading. No research outcomes or outputs as yet.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Climate change and sustainable sanitation in Africa - An introduction 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Future Climate for Africa hosted a technical breakout session on "Inclusive and sustainable urban water, sanitation and drainage services under climate change - lessons from African cities" at the 7th Africa Water Week in Libreville (Gabon), from 29 October - 2 November 2018.
The session drew together the latest research findings with the lived experiences of flooding and sanitation in several African cities. Speakers included experts across several international research programmes focused on climate change and African urban WASH contexts, as well as local city representatives.
The objectives of the session were to:
Share lessons on how climate change may alter current good practice for ensuring inclusive and sustainable urban sanitation, and experiences on enhancing water and sanitation resilience to climate change. The session drew on learning from African urban contexts, including Kisumu (Kenya), Kampala (Uganda), Lusaka (Zambia), eThekwini (South Africa), and Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso).

Promote discussion on approaches to integrate climate change considerations into WASH sector decision making.
The session was hosted through a series of virtual presentations and short videos.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.futureclimateafrica.org/news/africa-water-week-2018-inclusive-urban-wash-services-under-c...
 
Description 'Eastern African Paradox' rainfall decline due to shorter not less intense Long Rains 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact oral presentation for African Climate Risks Conference, Oct 2019 given by Caroline M. Wainwright, John H. Marsham, Richard J. Keane, David P. Rowell, Declan L. Finney, Emily Black, Richard P. Allan
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description 23rd March 2018 - Tea Research Institute, Kericho, Kenya - 54 stakeholders from the Tea Research Institute, smallholder famers and representatives from large commercial estates. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact 23rd March 2018 - Tea Research Institute, Kericho, Kenya - 54 stakeholders from the Tea Research Institute, smallholder famers and representatives from large commercial estates.


The participatory workshops were organised to share the preliminary results of CI4Tea project for future temperature and rainfall projections. It helped in understanding the user needs and their feedback helped in improving/simplifying the climate visualisations for making communication more effective for the later stages. We identified and prioritised climate change adaptation options using Multi-Criteria Analysis method separately for both smallholder farmers and large commercial estates in Malawi and Kenya.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 4th July 2018 - Smallholder farmers meetings, Mulanje, Malawi - 9 smallholder farmers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact 4th July 2018 - Smallholder farmers meetings, Mulanje, Malawi - 9 smallholder farmers


The participatory workshops were organised to share the preliminary results of CI4Tea project for future temperature and rainfall projections. It helped in understanding the user needs and their feedback helped in improving/simplifying the climate visualisations for making communication more effective for the later stages. We identified and prioritised climate change adaptation options using Multi-Criteria Analysis method separately for both smallholder farmers and large commercial estates in Malawi and Kenya.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 54th Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum: HyCRISTAL presents on decision-making for climate change preparedness 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact HyCRISTAL are share their experiences with users at GHACOF54, and working with users to start the dialogue on the time-lines of actions needed in response to the climate risks the region faces, addressing all the sectors represented at GHACOF, and their inter-dependencies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://futureclimateafrica.org/news/54th-greater-horn-of-africa-climate-outlook-forum-hycristal-int...
 
Description AMS annual meeting 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact American Meteorological Society Annual meeting, presentatuon on the HyCRISTAL consortium: Intergrating Hycro-Climate Science into Policy Decisions for Climate-Resilient Infrastructure and Livelihoods in East Africa
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Aircraft observations of the lake-land breeze circulation over Lake Victoria from the HyVic pilot flight campaign 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact oral presentation for African Climate Risks Conference, Oct 2019 given by Beth Woodhams, Cathryn Birch, John Marsham, Caroline Bain, Andy Hartley, Jennifer Fletcher, Paul Barrett, Stuart Webster
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Are WASH services climate ready? Vulnerability assessment and adaptation options. World Water Week 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact HyCRISTAL experience was presented at the session "Are WASH services climate ready? Vulnerability assessment and adaptation options" at World Water Week 2019- Stockholm
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://programme.worldwaterweek.org/Content/ProposalResources/PDF/2019/pdf-2019-8400-2-20190827_%20...
 
Description BBC news 24: UK extreme rain interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact TV interview on recent publication showing exterme rainfall has increased in UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description BBC radio Leeds; Hothouse earth interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BC radio Leeds interview on Hothouse earth and climate chnage
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description CI4Tea video 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact CI4Tea video with over 1000 views - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KpxG5p1wASg
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://youtu.be/KpxG5p1wASg
 
Description COP21: United Nations Conference on Climate Change, Side event: Future Climate for Africa (FCFA) launch event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Cornforth, R., Worldwide launch of FCFA programme including HyCRISTAL
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://futureclimateafrica.org/news/feature-fcfa-promises-climate-information-to-tackle-development-...
 
Description Chnage Frameworks at GHACOF 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Showcasing HyCRISTAL climate chnage narratives and changeframeworks for user feedback at the Greater Horn of Africa Climate Outlook Forum, Aug 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Climate Risks Narratives 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact oral presentation for African Climate Risks Conference, Oct 2019 given by Richard Jones
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Community Flooding Workshops for HyCRISTAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Celia Way was in Kampala in July 2017 holding some community flooding workshops for the HyCRISTAL project. Celia was engaging with communities in informal settlements who had been affected by flooding, and asking them to mark-up satellite images of their area with flood extents and depths that the team could cross-reference with theoretical flood models. The groups really enjoyed the experience, particularly being allowed to draw their own lines on the maps. This work will feed through to a better understanding of how water and sanitation provision should be developed, given the changes in extreme rainfall and flooding expected under climate change.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://us10.campaign-archive.com/?u=73e7f71a85f88391a5f8a5856&id=2e7932369a
 
Description Conference - 5th Climate Change and Development in Africa conference (CCDA-V), Side panel event: Future Climate for Africa (FCFA) launch event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Anyah, R. - Side panel event: African launch of FCFA programme including HyCRISTAL
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://futureclimateafrica.org/news/fcfa-launches-at-victoria-falls/
 
Description Conference poster - Impact of Land Use and Land Cover on the Local Climate of Lake Victoria Basin. American Meteorological Society 96th Annual Meeting, 10-14 January 2016, New Orleans, LA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gudoshava M., and F. Semazzi, Academic engagement/engagement with non-academic meteorologists
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://ams.confex.com/ams/96Annual/webprogram/Paper290745.html
 
Description EGU General Assembly 2019 presentation by John Marsham 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PICO presentation (EGU2019-16577) to be given at the EGU General Assembly titled: HyCRISTAL: Integrating Hydro-Climate Science into Policy Decisions for Climate-Resilient Infrastructure and Livelihoods in East Africa by John Marsham et al.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description ELVIC: a convection permitting model ensemble over the Lake Victoria region 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact oral/poster presentation for African Climate Risks Conference, Oct 2019 given by Grigory Nikulin, Jonas Van de Walle and complete ELVIC team
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description ESA Leicester training 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Report by Mercy Mwaniki (on behalf of HyCRISTAL)
The ESA Leicester training for Land remote sensing was a significant eye-opener on the latest technologies of processing Earth observation data for various applications ranging from water resources, urban cities, disaster (fire, flood and earthquakes) monitoring and forestry mapping and management. The availability of high-temporal and the synergy of using multi-sensor datasets for mapping various applications coupled with practical sessions for data processing (utilising open access platforms) was very skilfully done covering the science principles /theories behind the methodologies. This set-up enabled me to meet leading scientists from various parts of Europe and to understand the opportunities and challenges of handling big data. The training also gave me an opportunity to network for future research collaborations and understand the opportunities of utilising Sentinel Series Earth Satellites for various applications. Consequently, this meeting will enable me to process maps for validating flood disasters for the HyCRISTAL Kisumu Urban WASH work-package.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Esri Ocean GIS Forum presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Report submitted by of Mr. Benson Onyango Mbani, who travelled to the ESRI event on behalf of HyCRISTAL.
The trip involved travel from Nairobi to California USA to attend the ESRI Ocean GIS which was held between Tuesday, November 6- Thursday, November 8, 2018 at the ESRI Campus in Redlands, California, USA. The audience comprised a unique group of oceanographers, geologists, biologists, hydrographers, and coastal managers. It represented Federal, State and Local Government, Conservation Science, Commercial Operators, Defense, and more. We learnt about modern approaches to map the ocean by collecting data, integrating and sharing with other sources, to finally create data products and services that inform our understanding.
The ESRI Ocean GIS Forum provided a platform to share new data collection methods or research, contributing to the future of Ocean GIS. We discussed ways multi-dimensional data and web apps can help people put scientific information to work our respective organizations/departments, leveraging the potential for sharing knowledge across disciplines and collaborating with multiple stakeholders. This was our chance as the JKUAT team to work with the ocean GIS community and forge new concepts in ocean analytics and applications.
Specifically, we set out to interact with the Ocean GIS community in order to learn the best ways to simulate impacts of lake level rises including projecting the same under varying lake levels. We met researchers from Puerto Rico state university who were working on similar research and they gave us useful hints in terms of modeling the shoreline erosion using the DSAS software and specifically with respect to modeling it using the linear rate of change (LRC) and end point rate (EPR). We further discussed methods and techniques of projecting future simulations and we discussed how to define variables such as wave period and amplitude, breaking depth etcetera within a process-based model. All these are important in our research at HyCRISTAL since it is one of our core outputs.
There were to hands-on workshops that I attended. The first was 'Insights of GIS with ocean and atmospheric data' in which we were taught modern techniques of automating GIS data capture and computing on the cloud. Moreover, I attended a hands-on session on advanced analytical workflows for ocean and atmospheric data, in which we were trained on using machine learning algorithm (Random Forest) to process ocean related data. These are important skills that we may contemplate including in our research, one way or another.
ESRI offers frequent workshops that touch on the various ways in which they support the varying needs of ocean GIS community. The next forum shall be held in Dubai and it shall be the developer's forum where participants shall showcase the various ways in which they are utilizing ESRI products in their line of work. It would be a great event to attend as well since we are also doing development in this research using ESRI suite of products.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.esri.com/en-us/about/events/ocean-gis-forum/agenda/technical-workshop
 
Description FCFA EGU overview talk led by Chris Taylor 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact FCFA EGU overview talk led by Chris Taylor
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description FCFA Pan FCFA meeting - Pan-African and regional climate in the CP4A convection-permitting simulation (Finney et al) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Academic conf presentation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Fourth Africa Climate Resilience Investment Summit 2019: Virtual presentations 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Professor Barbara Evans, delivered her virtual contribution for the panel session: Climate Risk Management and Resilience: Stepping up our Game".
Barbara's presentation, which looks into how cities can take into account climate change when planning basic infrastructure, can be viewed here. https://youtu.be/92J-L_UeaC4
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.futureclimateafrica.org/news/fourth-africa-climate-resilience-investment-summit-2019-virt...
 
Description GEWEX Hydroclimatology Panel (GHP) - Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Ogutu-Ohwayo R., Semazzi F - oral presentation GEWEX Hydroclimatology Panel (GHP)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.gewexevents.org/wp-content/uploads/HyCRISTAL_Ogutu-Ohwayo.pdf
 
Description Global newsletter - First HyCRISTAL Workshop - Integrating Hydroclimate Science into Policy Decisions for Climate-Resilient Infrastructure and Livelihoods in East Africa, GEWEX news, 27(4), 23-24, November 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact John Marsham, David Rowell, Barbara Evans, Rosalind Cornforth, Fred Semazzi, Rob Wilby, Jackson Efitre , Kamazima Lwiza and Richard Ogutu-OhwayoArticle submitted to the quarterly published newsletter GEWEX News which disseminates information related to GEWEX activities, including scientific research results, new data sets, and reports of workshops and meetings - Raise awareness of HyCRISTAL and increase collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.gewex.org/gewex-content/files_mf/1447702455Nov2015GEWEXNewsletter.pdf
 
Description Highlights and lessons learnt from the HyCRISTAL (Intergrating Hycro-Climate Science into Policy Decisions for Climate-Resilient Infrastructure and Livelihoods in East Africa) project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact oral presentation for African Climate Risks Conference, Oct 2019 given by J Marsham*, D Rowell, B Evans, R Cornforth, F Semazzi, R Wilby, A Ainslie, D Anande, R Anyah, M Ascott, E Black, P Boorman, B Booth, J Bornemann, L Burgin, D Clegg, A Clenaghan, G De Giusti, M Demory, J Efitre, B Evans, J Evans, D Finney, M Gudoshava , H Houghton-Carr, E Kendon, A Kingiri, J Kisembe, A Kondowe, D Lapworth, G Lopez-Gonzalez, K Lwiza, D Macdonald, R Maidment, B Mbani, H Misiani, N Mittal, F Mutua, M Mwaniki, R Nakabugo, J Owuor, C Petty, G Sabiiti, C Sangalugembe, C Scanell, J Seaman, S Sekunda, K Smith, A Tadege, G Walker, P Waniha, C Wainwright, C Way, B Winterbourn, S Xia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Household Economy Approach and Individual Household Method 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Two early career researchers attended the "Household Economy Approach and Individual Household Method" workshop in Reading UK.
This training could benefit FCFA because it focuses on the analysis of household vulnerability due to changes in production and livelihoods. Household Economy Approach is very important in modelling the impact of climate change on poor households and think through interventions to mitigate climate risks and social vulnerability. It uses climate change models and scenarios analysis to give policy advice to policymakers. It is important in understanding climate risk reduction, governance of climate change adaptation and climate change policy-making process.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description How does explicit modelling of convective storms affect predictions of future water resource availability in the Lake Victoria Basin? Implications for climate change adaptation in the water sector 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact oral presentation for African Climate Risks Conference, Oct 2019 given by Matthew Ascott, Vasileios Christelis, Dan Lapworth, David Macdonald, John Marsham, Declan Finney, Callist Tindumugaya, Anthelem Iragena
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description HyCRISTAL Annual meeting : 23-27 April 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Annual HyCRISTAL meeting, ongoing engagment with project partners
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description HyCRISTAL webpage in weADAPT plataform 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The collaborative platform weADAPT invited HyCRISTAL to promote the project and project activities on its website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.weadapt.org/knowledge-base/using-climate-information/hycristal-integrating-hydro-climate...
 
Description HyCristal Annual Meeting. Kenya, November 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The HyCRISTAL 2nd annual meeting took place in Kisumu Kenya in November 2016. HyCRISTAl aims to develop our understanding of East African climate change and use this for long-term decision making in the region. The research focuses on East Africa, with project sites in the Lake Victoria Basin.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description HyTea: - Hydrological Implication of Tea production under future climatic scenarios in Sondu Miriu River, Kenya 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact oral presentation for African Climate Risks Conference, Oct 2019 given by Joseph Sang, Neha Mittal, John Marsham, Andrew Dougill, John Bore, Caroline Maina, Anne Tallontire
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Hycristal Urban group meeting for the WASH project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Report from Mercy Mwaniki on behalf of HyCRISTAL
The Hycristal Urban group meeting for the WASH project was also very successful in that we were able to see the clear direction of the outputs and prepare for the main milestones. I was able to interact with the Leeds Urban WASH team in a manner that the GIS skills are of best use to process and visualise the impacts of the various scenarios of the floods on the sanitation aspects. As a result of this meeting, it was possible to settle on the model to use for modelling the urban floods so as to link their impacts on the existing sanitation types. As a result of this meeting, I was able to meet various experts drawn from various UK universities widely published in the hydrology field.
In future, FCFA could benefit from this work package through publications and influence on sanitation policy as a result of the possible intervention measures that should be undertaken to reduce the impacts of future urban floods on infrastructure and various aspects of human developments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Invited presentation at NCAS S2S meeting HyCRISTAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact academic talk
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description John Marsham is quoted in Climate Change News - Scientists say east Africa will get wetter, so why is it drying out? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact John Marsham is quoted in Climate Home News. Scientists say east Africa will get wetter, so why is it drying out? Despite models predicting increased rainfall with climate change, the region has collapsed into drought - a puzzle known as the East African paradox. Published 13.07.17
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.climatechangenews.com/2017/07/13/scientists-say-east-africa-will-get-wetter-drying/
 
Description Lake Victoria field campaign session by Jennifer Fletcher 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact oral presentation for African Climate Risks Conference, Oct 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Meetings with key stakeholders (Kampala and Kisumu) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Following the AGM, meetings were arranged with key stakeholders to raise awareness and engagement with HyCRISTAL. This involved around 30 people from 15 different organisations, split between our two case study cities of Kisumu and Kampala. The relationships initiated in these meetings are assisting in developing and facilitating fieldwork in 2017 and beyond. We have since co-created MOUs between key organisaitons.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Numerical Weather Prediction Models: Progress in Improving Weather Prediction over Tropical Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact oral presentation for African Climate Risks Conference, Oct 2019 given by Elijah Adefisan
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description PICO presentation at EGU Assembly meeting by Declan Finney 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact EGU General Assembly 2019:EGU2019-3133, titled: Future mean and extreme rainfall over Eastern Africa in a convection-permitting model by Declan Finney et al.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Pan Future CLimate for Africa meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Future CLimate for Africa programme meeting, presentation on HyCRISTAL
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Plausible ranges of Lake Victoria levels and outflows for decision-making under climate change 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact poster presentation for African Climate Risks Conference, Oct 2019 given by Helen Houghton Carr*, Kara Smith, Matt Ascot, Jorge Bornemann, Emma Brown, Frank Farquharson, Declan Finney, Jesse Kisembe, Nick Mandeville, John Marsham, David Plinston, David Rowell, Geoffrey Sabiiti, Fred Semazzi, Dean Walker
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation given by Lawrence Jackson for EGU General Assembly 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at EGU General Assembly 2019: EGU2019-14325, titled: Differences in the regional response of rainfall to convectively coupled Kelvin waves over tropical Africa by Lawrence Jackson et al.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation of the preliminary results at the 2nd Africa Tea Science Symposium - sector wide engagement 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The participatory workshops were organised to share the preliminary results of CI4Tea project for future temperature and rainfall projections. It helped in understanding the user needs and their feedback helped in improving/simplifying the climate visualisations for making communication more effective for the later stages. We identified and prioritised climate change adaptation options using Multi-Criteria Analysis method separately for both smallholder farmers and large commercial estates in Malawi and Kenya.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Radar Polarimetry training and POLINSAR WORKSHOP 2019 at ESA- ESRIN, Frascati (Rome, Italy) for Mercy Mwaniki, JKUAT 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Report on the event by Mercy Mwaniki, on behalf of HyCRISTAL.
The Radar Polarimetry training and POLINSAR-2019 Workshop held in ESA ESRIN has been a significant eye opener packaged with lots of skills to enable exploitation current and future satellite missions targeted for various applications ranging from disaster management (floods, earth quakes, ), ocean applications, agriculture, tomography for forest and biomass estimations, and land applications (urban cities, resource mapping). The training provided an opportunity to learn first-hand and up-to-information on the state of the art in Radar Polarimetry, Polarimetric SAR Interferometry and SAR Tomography. Various tools and methods for exploitation of dual-pol and full-polarimetric data backed with the theoretical principles, processing algorithms, data products and their use in various applications were explored providing key insights for the exploitation of earth observation data for current and future scientist.
The set-up of this training and the workshop enabled me to meet leading scientist from various parts of Europe and to understand the opportunities and challenges of handling big data. The training also gave me an opportunity to network for future research collaborations and understand the opportunities of utilising satellite mission Earth Satellites datasets for various applications. As a result of this workshop and training I am now in a better position to supervise and undertake tasks involving use of various satellite missions especially for disaster management applications such as flooding and land surface deformation monitoring. Consequently, this meeting will enable me to explore ways of improving the HyCRISTAL Kisumu and Kampala Urban WASH work-package. In future, FCFA could benefit from this work package through publications and improved climate change impact mapping which could provide insights for early warning, and mitigation and adaptation measures to cope with the resulting impacts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://earth.esa.int/web/guest/events/all-events/-/article/polinsar-2019
 
Description Stakeholder workshops 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 5-10 Local stakeholders in Kisumu and Kampala have attended 1-2 workshops a year relating to the development of a health hazard mapping tool for their city (Kisumu or Kampala). These have prompted discussion around the impact of climate change on sanitation through flooding and the subsequent health impacts and what they could do about it through their work in their respective jobs (City Government, Water and Sanitation NGO, Water and Sewerage Utility Company, Public Health Officer among others).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019,2020
 
Description Time for tea: lessons from co-producing future climate information for tea production in Kenya and Malawi 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact oral presentation for EMS Annual Mtg 2018 given by Neha Mittal et al.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description UK hydrology meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Speaker at meeting on East African hydrology
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description UK school strikes: Feb & march 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Held a "Ask a climate scientist" session atthe Leeds School climate strikes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description UPGro workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Communicated HyCRISTAL activities to 20 researchers at an UPGro workshop in Montpellier (29 September). Possibility of FCFA-UPGro link on future scenarios/modelling. Upgro webinar planned for 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model and METplus Tutorials 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Four members of the Tanzanian Met Office- HyCRISTAL team attended the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model and METplus Tutorials in Colorado.
It has been reported that the travel has improved the TMA team skills in methodologies of model products evaluation and verifications. The skills helped in the analysis of the WRF model products for the research paper on Evaluation of the WRF-ARW regional climate model over Lake Victoria Basin. Furthermore, the TMA team learned how to install many dependencies necessary for MET plus and any other atmospheric model installation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.mmm.ucar.edu/wrf-tutorial-0
 
Description stakeholders the Tea Research Foundation of Central Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact 8th October 2018 - Mulanje, Malawi - 32 stakeholders the Tea Research Foundation of Central Africa, smallholder famers and representatives from large commercial estates.

The participatory workshops were organised to share the preliminary results of CI4Tea project for future temperature and rainfall projections. It helped in understanding the user needs and their feedback helped in improving/simplifying the climate visualisations for making communication more effective for the later stages. We identified and prioritised climate change adaptation options using Multi-Criteria Analysis method separately for both smallholder farmers and large commercial estates in Malawi and Kenya.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018