Future Resilience for African CiTies and Lands (FRACTAL)

Lead Research Organisation: ICLEI - Local Govts for Sustainability
Department Name: Research

Abstract

The problem: Building climate change resilience necessarily means building urban resilience. Africa's future is dominated by a rapidly increasing urban population with complicated demographic, economic, political, spatial and infrastructural transitions. This creates complex climate vulnerabilities of critical consequence in the co-dependent city-regions.
Climate change substantially complicates the trajectories of African development, exacerbated by climate information that is poorly attuned to the needs of African decision makers. Critical gaps are how climate processes interact at the temporal and spatial scales that matter for decision making, limited institutional capacity to develop and then act on climate information, and inadequate means, methods, and structures to bridge the divides. Current modalities in climate services are largely supply driven and rarely begin with the multiplicity of climate sensitive development challenges.
There is a dominant need to address this disconnect at the urban scale, yet climate research in Africa is poorly configured to respond, and the spatial scale and thematic foci are not well attuned to urban problems. Most climate-related policies and development strategies focus at the national scale and are sectorally based, resulting in a poor fit to the vital urban environments with their tightly interlocking place-based systems.
Response: FRACTAL's aim is to advance scientific knowledge about regional climate responses to anthropogenic forcings, enhance the integration of this knowledge into decision making at the co-dependent city-region scale, and thus enable responsible development pathways.
We focus on city-region scales of climate information and decision making. Informed by the literature, guided by co-exploration with decision makers, we concentrate on two key cross-cutting issues: Water and Energy, and secondarily their influence on food security. We work within and across disciplinary boundaries (transdisciplinarity) and develop all aspects of the research process in collaboration with user groups (co-exploration).The project functions through three interconnected work packages focused on three Tier 1 cities (Windhoek, Maputo and Lusaka), a secondary focus on three Tier 2 cities (Blantyre, Gaborone and Harare), and two self-funded partner cities (Cape Town and eThekwini).
Work Package 1 (WP1) is an ongoing and sustained activity operating as a learning laboratory for pilot studies to link research from WP2 and 3 to a real world iterative dialogue and decision process. WP1 frames, informs, and steers the research questions of WP2 and 3, and so centres all research on needs for responsible development pathways of city-region systems.
WP2 addresses the decision making space in cities; the political, economic, technical and social determinants of decision making, and seeks to understand the opportunities for better incorporation of climate information into local decision making contexts.
WP3, the majority effort, focuses on advancing understanding of the physical climate processes that govern the regional system, both as observed and simulated. This knowledge grounds the development of robust and scale relevant climate information, and the related analysis and communication. This is steered explicitly by WP1's perspective of urban climate change risk, resilience, impacts, and decisions for adaptation and development.
The project will frame a new paradigm for user-informed, knowledge-based decisions to develop pathways to resilience for the majority population. It will provide a step change in understanding the cross-scale climate processes that drive change and so enable enhanced uptake of climate information in near to medium-term decision making. The project legacy will include improved scientific capacity and collaboration, provide transferable knowledge to enhance decision making on the African continent, and in this make significant contribution to academic disciplines.

Planned Impact

FRACTAL aims to fundamentally alter how African cities include climate change in development planning, in a context with no direct historical precedent. This is critical given that the interests of the majority urban population place an inviolable demand (with substantial regional dependencies) on water, energy and associated infrastructure. FRACTAL recognizes that supply-driven climate information (e.g. IPCC) is having limited impact in real world decision making, largely due to messages of limited relevance or robustness at the scales and for the contexts of decision making. We directly address this inadequacy through increased understanding of regional climate information and informed by co-exploration with decision makers. FRACTAL seek s to bring fundamental changes in key decision pathways (around water, flooding and energy) to increase the resilience of city-regions. This will leave a legacy of new knowledge, capacity and learning exemplars in 5 city-regions from which Africa can build. FRACTAL will provide an essential counterpart and balance in a landscape where the majority of climate development actions have non-urban, sectoral or rural foci.
There are four groups of beneficiaries:
a) Policy and decision-makers in government, resource management and infrastructure from local officials (case-study cities) to national-scale line Ministries which oversee urban development and the planning of infrastructure and regional services. These benefit through: co-generation of information and policy guidelines; new frameworks for incorporating climate change information in the context of multiple stressors and competing agendas; deep co-learning benefits led by researchers embedded in city governments; peer-to-peer relationships that lead to learning opportunities amongst the city partners; written materials generated by the project.
b) International and regional development institutions. The project will present research findings to guide development organizations and funders who are important contributors to development and adaptation trajectories. This will be strengthened by leveraging existing networks, such as the consortium's IPCC/WCRP/SASSCAL/Future Earth presence.
c) Academic disciplines and research communities in Africa and internationally. A publication strategy will place papers in disciplinary journals and the work will be disseminated at major conferences. Academics from under-capacitated African universities will benefit through the production of research, teaching tools and supporting publications. New inter-institutional relationships will foster the establishment of critical research capacity within the region to initiate key research agendas. Collaboration with the international community provides much needed reverse flows of knowledge, giving African researchers valuable entry to participate in research governance on the international scale (e.g. WCRP, IPCC, etc.).
d) Society. While largely an indirect process, this grouping has potential to receive the largest impact and benefit. By operating in the placed-based context of the majority of the population, FRACTAL can help steer development to enhance the quality of life and human security of large sections of society, as well as protect the economic system through both enabling opportunities and managing the very high risk of maladaptation with its attendant costs, damages, and inefficiencies. Informed city governance can lead to greater awareness and understanding in the voting population which can introduce major shifts in how nations choose to respond to climate change. Likewise, by changing the policy environment new opportunities for economic engagement are created.Lastly, a significant cross-cutting impact is the building of trust relationships, dialogue and learning between and within these communities, which fosters growth potential as adaptation increasingly adopts a policy-first approach (versus a science-scenario-first approach).
 
Title Climate Risk Narrative Infographic 
Description A Climate Risk Narratives (CRN) is essentially a story for a range of plausible climate futures. An infographic was developed to communicate the value of the CRN as a methodology and a tool for decision making. The target audience for the infographic is key decision makers in African cities. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact Creating conversation for integrating climate information and dealing with climate uncertainty 
URL https://ms-my.facebook.com/startinternational/posts/10156912745902648
 
Title Poster presented at the Resilient Cities Congress 2016 
Description This poster showcased how researchers and local government officials can work together to co-explore/ co-produce climate change knowledge, to inform city-region decision making. Based on both literature, real world experiences and through best practice learnt during the FRACTAL (Future Resilience for African CiTies And Lands) project, the poster unpacked challenges and enablers in relation to the uptake and use of climate change information in city-regions. The poster also demonstrated how co-exploration/ co-production can improve climate change decisions in African city-regions as well as mentioned any other tools/ methods/ tips that can be utilised to ensure that climate change information is of use to city-region decision makers. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Participants at the 2016 Resilient Cities Congress were exposed to FRACTAL and its lessons 
 
Description Much of the work has been focused on understanding where and how climate change information can be used at the city-region scale in southern Africa. Through the FRACTAL engagements and research, climate scientists have gained a deeper understanding of city decision processes and how their work does (or does not) fit in. Decision-makers have also gained a deeper understanding of the nature of climate change information. The team has learned a lot about the transdisciplinary research processes required to facilitate such engagements. In particular, ICLEI Africa has learnt a number of key findings related to bridging the science-policy as well as the research-practice divide. Working papers, games, think pieces, conference contributions, articles etc. related to urban complexity and governance, climate change planning in cities, urban resilience and transdisciplinarity have been developed. Key findings can also be separated into core learning themes. These include a) climate distillation, b) receptivity, c) co-exploration-co-production-transdisciplinarity, d) capacity development, e) learning how to learn and f) decision making in city-regions.
Exploitation Route Key findings will be feed in and influence future project work of ICLEI Africa. ICLEI is active in over 100 countries and therefore our influence on sustainability policy and local action is significant.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice

 
Description The FRACTAL project, and ICLEI Africa specific contributions have contributed to urban governance discussions and planning related to the future of cities in southern Africa under conditions of climate variability and change (in particular in the cities of Blantyre, Cape Town, Durban, Gaborone, Harare, Lusaka, Maputo and Windhoek). The broader impact of the FRACTAL programme can be divided into seven key IMPACT pathways which include a) Institutional and cultural transformation, b) enhancing capacity to use climate information; c) improving decision making processes; d) improving our understanding of the urban decision context; e) appropriate climate information being made available to decision makers and f) increasing an understanding of regional climate process and process change.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Climate change training - Councillors in Windhoek
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Co-production of knowledge for the Windhoek Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (CCSAP)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
Impact Windhoek Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan finalized and guiding the city council (and communities) in effective climate action
 
Description Convened Talanoa Dialogues in Namibia
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Convened Talanoa Dialogues in Zambia
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Development of Blantyre Policy Brief
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Development of Harare Policy Brief
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Green Book
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Lessons sharing for governance mapping in African cities
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Lusaka City Governance Dialogue and Talanoa Dialgoue
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning (MEL) for process orientated projects - presentation for ICLEI Africa
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact Influenced MEL practice of ICLEI Africa
 
Description National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy Consultation Workshop
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description National Treasury's Cities Support Programme
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Presentation and training to the 2017 - 2019 CSAG winter school
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Training of Councillors in Lusaka
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description Transformational leadership in climate change training (in Blantyre, Gaborone, Harare, Windhoek and Lusaka)
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
 
Description FRACTAL contributions to the IPCC Talanoa dialogues platform
Amount $10,000 (USD)
Organisation START International Inc 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 07/2018 
End 01/2019
 
Title Co-developed principles for implementing resilience initiatives in African cities 
Description Current resilience discourse (within a complex systems theoretical framework) emphasises the dynamic and emergent nature of systems such as African cities, which require shifts in the way we have historically implemented initiatives for resilience. In addition, the context of African cities is unique and therefore a distinct set of resilience principles needs to be developed for African cities. Representatives of initiatives that have utilised innovative steps to build resilience in African cities co-developed core principles for implementing resilience initiatives in African cities. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Guidance of future projects, activities and work through application of the core principles for implementing resilience initiatives in African cities 
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/ResDev-colloquium_think-piece_June2017.pdf
 
Title Co-developed principles for transformational leaders in climate change 
Description It has long been discussed that when building city resilience, it is imperative that decision makers look beyond sustainability and also look towards transformation. The process of transformation however is complex, and has multiple phases. It is a process that involves "breaking down" what is not working as much as it relies on building up a system to be able to accept the change that is needed. Due to its complexity, there is a need to foster "transformational leaders" that are able to tackle the numerous tasks required for planning and designing resilient climate smart cities. During "Transformation Leadership on Climate Change" training events (in 2018 & 2019), Local Councillors co-produced principles for transformational leaders that they felt they would like to prioritise. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Guidance of future climate leaders through adoption of the transformational leadership principles 
 
Title ICLEI Africa priority principles for engaging with local leaders for climate change 
Description ICLEI Africa has been working with sub-national governments across sub-Saharan Africa over the past two decades on issues such as climate change. Performing the role of knowledge broker is inherent to our work, where we co-produce information with scientists, practitioners and community members that is applicable and useful for municipal decision making. Pivotal to the work we do is engaging with decision makers and local leaders in Southern Africa cities. Through our on-going work, a number of key principles for engaging with these local leaders, as well as fosters new transformative climate leaders have been learnt. A document has been produced that outlines these engagement principles and therefore makes contributions to research infrastructure by outlining key considerations and methods that assist in creating and engaging with climate leaders 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Capacity building of researchers and academics on the context of African cities, influencing the way researchers work and engage with these cities. 
 
Title ICLEI Africa's Decision Making Mapping Process for African Cities 
Description ICLEI Africa has been working with sub-national governments across sub-Saharan Africa over the past two decades on issues such as climate change. Performing the role of knowledge broker is inherent to our work, where we co-produce information with scientists, practitioners and community members that is applicable and useful for municipal decision making. In addition, pivotal to the work we do is trying to understand the decision contexts in Southern Africa cities so that we understand how best to integrate new knowledge into these contexts to illicit long-term sustainable change. Through our on-going work, a number of key considerations have been learnt that better allow co-produced information to be mainstreamed into city decision making pathways. A document has been produced that outlines these lessons and therefore makes contributions to research infrastructure by outlining key considerations that assist in bridging the divide between research and practice. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Capacity building of researchers and academics on the context of African cities, influencing the way researchers work and engage with these cities. 
 
Title Improving methods of communicating climatic uncertainties to aid decision-making 
Description The aim of this activity is to improve understanding of the constraints and opportunities associated with the communication/visualisation of uncertain climate information to decision-makers. The specific objectives are to test approaches for communicating/visualising climate information, analyse best practices, develop guidelines and provide training based on the findings of the research. The methodology relied on conducting structured interviews of a sample of scientists and decision-makers and will employ cognitive psychology theory. The interviews were structured to identify imbalances between scientist's views on aspects of uncertainty that are important to communicate, aspects of uncertainty that are difficult to communicate and policy-makers views on aspects of uncertainty that are relevant to their decision-making. An analysis provided insight into the cognitive challenges experienced by decision-makers when trying to understand uncertainties. The process identified the type of narratives and metaphors decision-makers use when trying to comprehend uncertainty and how to maximise understanding. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact An analysis provided insight into the cognitive challenges experienced by decision-makers when trying to understand uncertainties 
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/FCFA-Report-Communicating-Climate-Change-to-Dec...
 
Title Re-design of the CSAG Winterschool 
Description The Climate System Analysis Group (CSAG) based at the University of Cape Town runs an annual climate change course. This 1 week intensive course has been developed specifically for participants from developing country and aims to take participants through the full spectrum of climate and climate change related topics. These include understanding: Climate dynamics and system feedbacks Climate modelling and downscaling theory Climate change projections Risk and vulnerability framing, assessment approaches and methodologies Climate adaptation frameworks Adaptation planning, policy and decision making Climate information distillation Climate services This course benefits professionals who are dealing with decision and policy development incorporating climate and climate change issues within many sectors including Government Departments and Ministries, City Councils and Local Municipalities, NGO's, corporate organizations and environmental consultancies. ICLEI Africa has been instrumental in helping feed the lessons learnt from FRACTAL into the re-design of this course. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Re-design of this course to be better suited to the needs and context of African stakeholders as well as adopt the methodology for learning from FRACTAL. 
 
Title Supported the development of the methodology for work-shopping and discussing climate risk narratives 
Description The Future Resilience for African CiTies and Lands (FRACTAL) project has the overarching objective to advance scientific knowledge about regional climate responses to human activities and work with decision makers to integrate this scientific knowledge into climate-sensitive decisions at the city-regional scale (particularly decisions relating to water, energy and food with a lifetime of 5 to 40 years). To do so, climate knowledge is being grown in the cities through the use of climate narratives. These narratives are plausible "stories" of the future of cities, under conditions of climate change (i.e. focussing in the year 2040). Narratives are useful tools to integrate specialist knowledge such as that of climate scientists with contextual knowledge (e.g. knowledge of decision makers in cities). In this process, all forms of knowledge are considered equally important to develop relevant and significant knowledge for cities in which FRACTAL is working. ICLEI Africa was instrumental in supporting the method for workshopping and discussing climate risk narratives. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Adoption of the method of developing and discussing climate risk narratives as a way to overcome issues related to climate change uncertainty. This approach can be up-scaled to other disciplines and is a useful method for discussing future plans and policies. 
URL http://www.fractal.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/Learning_climate-narratives-briefing-note.pdf
 
Title Transformational Climate Leadership Training 
Description A key issue in climate change resilience is a lack of effective leadership for climate change decisions. A methodology for Transformational Climate Leadership Training was developed and implemented in project cities. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact A methodology for Transformational Climate Leadership Training was developed and implemented in project cities. 
 
Description 100 Climate Solutions Project Campaign 
Organisation Leonardo Dicaprio Charitable Foundation
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution In August 2016 a call for climate change related project concepts went out under the 100 Climate Solutions Project Campaign. ICLEI Africa invited all FRACTAL project cities to develop brief project proposals for implementation projects. Projects had to tangibly contribute to climate change mitigation (energy efficiency, renewable energy or waste management) or adaptation.
Collaborator Contribution R20 and partners selected the most promising project concepts, which are now displayed on their website. The next step has been to invite certain cities to send representatives to attend training in South Africa on International Infrastructure Support System.
Impact ICLEI Africa facilitated the submission of over 100 project concepts (from African cities/ towns).
Start Year 2016
 
Description 100 Climate Solutions Project Campaign 
Organisation R20
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution In August 2016 a call for climate change related project concepts went out under the 100 Climate Solutions Project Campaign. ICLEI Africa invited all FRACTAL project cities to develop brief project proposals for implementation projects. Projects had to tangibly contribute to climate change mitigation (energy efficiency, renewable energy or waste management) or adaptation.
Collaborator Contribution R20 and partners selected the most promising project concepts, which are now displayed on their website. The next step has been to invite certain cities to send representatives to attend training in South Africa on International Infrastructure Support System.
Impact ICLEI Africa facilitated the submission of over 100 project concepts (from African cities/ towns).
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration with the NDC Partnership 
Organisation NDC Partnership
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Collaboration with the NDC Partnership to connect practitioners working on adaptation, and to facilitate learning as well as support multi-level governance in the FRACTAL project cities. The NDC Partnership works directly with national governments, international institutions, civil society, researchers, and the private sector to fast-track climate and development action. The Partnership aims to increase alignment, coordination, and access to resources to link needs to solutions.
Collaborator Contribution The NDC Partnership conducted a needs assessment in African cities. These needs were aligned with key partners/organisations working in Africa who were able to support certain countries address these needs. Malawi was one of the chosen countries.
Impact Supporting Malawi address needs identified under the NDC Partnership needs assessment
Start Year 2019
 
Description Durban Adaptation Charter Global Adaptation Network: Regional Knowledge Sharing and Exchange 
Organisation Durban Adaptation Charter
Country South Africa 
Sector Multiple 
PI Contribution Collaboration with the Durban Adaptation Charter (funding received from the UNEP Global Adaptation Network) to connect practitioners working on adaptation, and to facilitate learning. A city exchange between four municipalities in Mozambique, eThekwini and Kinondoni (Dar es Salaam) occurred. Lessons, challenges and success stories in relation to planning for climate change and coastal challenges, were discussed. Contributed via a presentation on coastal management and climate change, as well as in bilateral dialogues with participants.
Collaborator Contribution Contributed by organising the event (logistics and technical programme). Contributed expertise via presentations, training and bilateral engagements.
Impact (1) Discussions with attendees have resulted in the development of a session on 'Building Resilience for African Coastal Cities' at the upcoming LoCS4Africa congress, which includes some FRACTAL project city members. (2) Exploring possible project collaboration opportunities on two fronts - with the UNEP team, and with two of the Mozambican cities that attended. (3) Multi-disciplinary: Includes social scientists, physical scientists and municipal practitioners.
Start Year 2016
 
Description EPIC-N Training Opportunity 
Organisation The International City/County Management Association
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution ICLEI Africa facilitated the submission of applications by Southern African cities to attend EPIC-N training before the 2017 Resilient Cities Congress. Four of the cities that we facilitated submission from were successful: Lilongwe, Blantyre, Bulawayo and Lusaka (two of which are FRACTAL cities).
Collaborator Contribution (1) Provided the opportunity. (2) Assessed the applications. (3) Approved funding for the attendance of successful applicants at both EPIC-N training as well as the Resilient Cities Congress 2017. (4) Will provide the training.
Impact (1) Four city applications were successful. (2) Further outcomes likely post the training and congress in May 2017.
Start Year 2017
 
Description EPIC-N Training Opportunity 
Organisation epic-n
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution ICLEI Africa facilitated the submission of applications by Southern African cities to attend EPIC-N training before the 2017 Resilient Cities Congress. Four of the cities that we facilitated submission from were successful: Lilongwe, Blantyre, Bulawayo and Lusaka (two of which are FRACTAL cities).
Collaborator Contribution (1) Provided the opportunity. (2) Assessed the applications. (3) Approved funding for the attendance of successful applicants at both EPIC-N training as well as the Resilient Cities Congress 2017. (4) Will provide the training.
Impact (1) Four city applications were successful. (2) Further outcomes likely post the training and congress in May 2017.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Partnering with IDRC to implement the Improve Municipal Planning for African CiTies (IMPACT) project 
Organisation International Development Research Centre
Country Canada 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Through emergent gaps and city needs identified as part of the FRACTAL grants (as well as relationships developed), ICLEI Africa recieved a grant to implement the Improve Municipal Planning for African CiTies (IMPACT) project in two FRACTAL cities.
Collaborator Contribution The Improve Municipal Planning for African CiTies (IMPACT) project is funded by the IDRC.
Impact Improved collaboration between national and local government for the implementation of the National Determine Contribution (NDC) in each project country (Malawi and Zimbabwe) Info-graphic to unpack 7 proven ways for stronger collaboration
Start Year 2018
 
Description Partnership with ICLEI's Fortitude Initiative 
Organisation United Nations (UN)
Department United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution ICLEI Africa launched the Fortitude Initiative at Resilient Cities 2019 in Bonn, Germany, following the devastating effects Cyclone Idai left in Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi in April 2019. We continuously support affected cities and towns to build back better after Cyclone Idai, implementing innovative solutions that improve response to disasters in the future, while working towards the achievement of Agenda 2063: The Africa We Want. Together with UNDRR, we hosted the first Fortitude Initiative meeting in Cape Town, bringing together 7 cities from 6 countries focusing on building resilience at the local level.
Collaborator Contribution Together with UNDRR, we hosted the first Fortitude Initiative meeting in Cape Town, bringing together 7 cities from 6 countries focusing on building resilience at the local level. Together with the FRACTAL Consortium networking opportunities as well as the opportunity for curriculum development is being explored. Networking and Training are key pillars under the Fortitude Initiative and therefore the initiative provides the ideal platform for sustainability of certain FRACTAL learning's.
Impact 1) Hosted the first Fortitude Initiative meeting in Cape Town, bringing together 7 cities from 6 countries focusing on building resilience at the local level; 2) Development of a curriculum concept note to continue the learning from FRACTAL
Start Year 2019
 
Description Partnership with START relating to small opportunity grants 
Organisation START International Inc
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution ICLEI Africa ran Talanoa Dialogues in two FRACTAL cities as well as developed a Talanoa publication for sharing of lessons learnt. ICLEI Africa supports the FRACTAL cities that have received additional small opportunity grants
Collaborator Contribution START administers funds for the small opportunity grants
Impact Talanoa Dialogues in two FRACTAL cities Talanoa Publication which profiles lessons learnt Learning labs in two FRACTAL cities Policy brief for two FRACTAL cities City comparison piece for two FRACTAL cities
Start Year 2018
 
Description Partnership with other FRACTAL consortium partners linked to climate risk narrative development and research 
Organisation University of Cape Town
Department Climate Systems Analysis Group
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Coordinated and facilitated city and multi-stakeholder workshops to answer specific research questions linked to the scope of work.
Collaborator Contribution Engagement to bring ICLEI Africa in as a key partner on this scope of work.
Impact Workshops Climate risk narrative for Blantyre, Gaborone and Harare
Start Year 2017
 
Description Proposal: Catalysing a Higher Education Climate of Change (CHECC) 
Organisation University of Cape Town
Department Primary Health Care Directorate
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution (1) Held discussions with the ACDI, and offered some inputs into a proposal that they led for submission to SPHEIR. (2) Submitted a letter of support to indicate that ICLEI Africa was willing to partner with the ACDI and others to implement the project, if successful in their funding application.
Collaborator Contribution (1) Invited ICLEI Africa to be involved as a collaborating partner. (2) Developed the concept, coordinated the inputs and submitted the proposal.
Impact Proposal submitted to SPHEIR
Start Year 2017
 
Description Resilience and Complexity Thinking Network 
Organisation University of Stellenbosch
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution (1) Attendance at network meetings. (2) Presentations/ discussions as part of contributing to these meetings. (3) Dissemination of information via network portals (e.g. e-mail mailing list).
Collaborator Contribution (1) Founding the network. (2) Coordinating the network. (3) Driving network related meetings and colloquiums. (4) Coordinating network communications (e.g. managing the email list). (5) Seeking funding to convene network members and associates, as well as the wider research and practitioner community.
Impact (1) Multidisciplinary: Social scientists, physical scientists, practitioners, researchers. (2) Outcomes: Knowledge sharing.
Start Year 2016
 
Description South African Cities Resilience Forum 
Organisation Government of South Africa
Department Department of Environmental Affairs
Country South Africa 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Attending Cities Resilience Forum meetings and making contributions relating to the FRACTAL research being undertaken, as appropriate, as well as general advise and inputs (based on broader organisational and personal experience).
Collaborator Contribution The Department of Environmental Affairs coordinates the attendance of South Africa's metropolitan municipalities at these forums. The aim of the forums is to create a platform for metropolitan municipalities and the Department of Environmental Affairs to facilitate and influence an integrated approach in the implementation of climate change response, thus enhancing social, economic, and environmental resilience, and emergency response capacity.
Impact (1) Networking with metropolitan municipality and national government stakeholders in South Africa (two of which are FRACTAL cities). (2) Able to feed FRACTAL research into an active forum with government stakeholders. (3) Able to feed practitioner experiences into FRACTAL research.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Survey of sub-national decision makers for incorporating climate change into infrastructure preparation, planning and design 
Organisation Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution ICLEI Africa sent the survey out to sub-national contacts sourced from our databases. We also conducted the survey directly with city practitioners from Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality, South Africa; Lusaka, Zambia; and Harare, Zimbabwe.
Collaborator Contribution (1) Access to the Final Demand Analysis Report, which will include a dedicated section on the demand for climate resilience urban infrastructure planning and design services. (2) Access to the Final Supply Analysis Report, which will include a dedicated section on existing supply-side initiatives at the urban scale, and how Afri-Res can best support these. (3) Attendance at the Afri-Res workshop on the sidelines of the Infrastructure Consortium for Africa Annual Meeting, to garner knowledge and networks of use to FRACTAL. (4) Engagement with Afri-Res Partners (incl World Bank, AfDB, UNECA, AUC) and key stakeholders to inform the design of the Afri-Res facility and service offering, and promote the urban agenda with Afri-Res partners.
Impact ICLEI Africa was invited to present at the AFRI-Res focus group workshop in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire during November 2016. The presentation focused on integrating climate change into project planning and design at the subnational government/city level. Multi-disciplinary engagement: the focus group consisted of development financiers, national governments officials, NGOs, private sector technical experts, public sector technical officials and climate change specialists.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Technical Assistance from the EUEI PDF 
Organisation EU Energy Initiative Partnership Dialogue Facility
Country Czech Republic 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution (1) Opportunity to access technical assistance on climate change and energy related distributed to all FRACTAL city focal points. (2) Reviewed the report: "Future Energy Scenarios for African Cities: Unlocking Opportunities for Climate Responsive Development."
Collaborator Contribution (1) Received applications, and will consider if/ how to fund/ support the cities in response to their requests for assistance. (2) ICLEI logo added to the Future Energy Scenarios document in acknowledgement of the useful review.
Impact Report -- Future Energy Scenarios for African Cities: Unlocking Opportunities for Climate Responsive Development
Start Year 2016
 
Description Undertaking city interviews linked to the AFR2 activities 
Organisation University of Cape Town
Department Climate Systems Analysis Group
Country South Africa 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution To undertake research (through interview surveys) in the FRACTAL cities. Travel costs to the different cities.
Collaborator Contribution Financial contribution for ICLEI Africa to undertake this research (to conduct interview surveys)
Impact Guideline for improving methods for communicating climatic uncertainties to aid decision-making: http://www.fractal.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/FCFA-Report-Communicating-Climate-Change-to-Decision-Makers.pdf
Start Year 2018
 
Description Undertaking city interviews linked to the AFR2 activities 
Organisation University of East Anglia
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution To undertake research (through interview surveys) in the FRACTAL cities. Travel costs to the different cities.
Collaborator Contribution Financial contribution for ICLEI Africa to undertake this research (to conduct interview surveys)
Impact Guideline for improving methods for communicating climatic uncertainties to aid decision-making: http://www.fractal.org.za/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/FCFA-Report-Communicating-Climate-Change-to-Decision-Makers.pdf
Start Year 2018
 
Description Adaptation Futures conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Convened a session titled "Creative solutions for cities: Lessons learnt from co-developing initiatives with African sub-national governments that achieve climate change mitigation and adaptation objectives" and participated in a number of sessions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description African Capital Cities Sustainability Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Capital cities have a unique role in providing leadership for other local authorities within country borders. Partnerships and collaborative efforts have an important role to play in the implementation of sustainability, especially collaboration between the national, local and other levels of government to align and thus more effectively address sustainable development challenges. ICLEI Africa ran a session at this event that brought together key FRACTAL Mayors to discuss the way forward.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.africancapitalcities.org/
 
Description African Climate Risk Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Profiled FRACTAL activities and lessons through multiple channels at the event. These channels include through leading and implementing sessions; communication products (brochures etc.), presentations, bi-laterals and speaker on panels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.africanclimaterisksconference2019.org/
 
Description African Climate week 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Profiled FRACTAL activities and lessons through multiple channels at the event. These channels include through leading and implementing sessions; communication products (brochures etc.), presentations, bi-laterals and speaker on panels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018,2019
 
Description Attendance and contribution at 7th International Conference on Sustainability Science (ICSS) conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Attended and contributed to a session at the 7th International Conference on Sustainability Science (ICSS) conference. The output of the session contribution is the development of a research paper on engaging with novel planning approaches in African context (still active).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Attendance at the Resilience Frontiers for Global Sustainability Science Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Attendance and networking at the Resilience Frontiers for Global Sustainability Science Conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Blantyre city engagements 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participation, support and lead in engagements/training/meetings/dialogues as part of FRACTAL project implementation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018,2019
 
Description Blantyre city meetings and introduction to FRACTAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Recon trip to Blantyre to meet with university and City of Blantyre stakeholders. The meetings were used to raise awareness of the FRACTAL project, begin developing a city specific workplan (discussion was held on deliverables, timeframes for engagement etc), as well as learn more about what climate change and development related challenges the city is facing. These meetings were essential in keeping with FRACTAL methods of transdisciplinarity and co-production, allowing the city stakeholders to shape the research and climate science conducted with City of Blantyre stakeholders. Outcomes/ impacts included: (a) Awareness raised on FRACTAL and it's aims and objectives, (b) existing city relationships built on and new relationships and networks established, (c) practical, administrative and logistical details of the partnerships discussed (e.g. MoU and sub-contract), (d) trip report produced and shared internally, and (e) receiving documents that can feed into FRACTAL research processes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Climate Chance Summit Africa 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Profiled FRACTAL activities and lessons through multiple channels at the event. These channels include through leading and implementing sessions; communication products (brochures etc.), presentations, bi-laterals and speaker on panels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.climate-chance.org/en/climate-chance-africa-summit-2019/
 
Description Climate Risk Caucus 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Climate risk Caucasus was held in Lusaka in 2019. ICLEI Africa ran a session titled "Continuing the learning".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Climate risk narrative engagements 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Two workshops, hosted by CSAG, with Harare, Blantyre and Gaborone climate risk narrative partners to engage, plan and reflect. Engagements were then held in these three cities and three climate risk narratives were co-produced. An infographic for the methodology was also developed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
 
Description Conducted interviews in Gaborone and Blantyre in order to assess the role climate change uncertainty plays in decision making 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Over 30 interviews were conducted with city officials, communities, researchers and the media to assess (1) to what extent is climate information relevant to stakeholders; (2) what types of climate information are relevant and useful to stakeholders; (2) to what extent are uncertainties relevant and important to stakeholders; (3) preferences in communication approaches regarding uncertainties; (4) the types of narratives and metaphors stakeholders use to describe uncertainties. A guideline on how those that produce climate information can deal with uncertainty was produced as a result of this research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Convened Talanoa Dialogues in Windhoek and Lusaka 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talanoa Dialogues are a facilitative process where different climate stakeholders get together and are given the platform to engage around their country National Development Contributions (NDCs). The aim of the dialogue is to promote enhanced ambition and strengthen the implementation and impact of NDCs through involving different spheres of government. This process will be structured in a way that asks the stakeholders attending the dialogue the following questions:
• Where are we?
• Where do we want to go?
• How do we get there?
A publication for lessons learnt has been drafted while all the Talanoa Dialogue reports have been integrated into the 2018 UNFCCC processes. The Dialogues sparked discussion on how local and national governments can work better together in achieving their NDCs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Convened a session at the Seedbeds of Transformation conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Convened a session at the Seedbeds of Transformation: The Role of Science with Society and the SDGs in Africa conference. The session focused on the dialogue between key researchers, practioners, young career researchers and city officials to discuss and unpack, specifically related to SDG 13, a) working towards the SDGs in the diverse context of Africa; b) knowledge gaps that are lacking in order to help achieve transformation towards sustainability and equity; c) steps towards improving the achievement of the SDGs and d) the African perspectives and priorities that can better inform and provide traction for the SDGs, the Paris Accord and other global sustainability frameworks. These contributions are informed by real world examples from experts working at the coal face with African local governments through a range of climate and resilience related projects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Convened and coordinated a session at the African Center for Cities Congress 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Convened and coordinated a session at the African Centre for Cities congress. This session was a follow up to the principles developed previously for building resilience in African cities. The session unpacked these in more detail and facilitated key and pertinent discussion for practitioners to take these learnings forward. An output was a session report.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Engagement with City of Lusaka representative 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Meeting held with the University of Zambia representative to discuss the partnership with City of Lusaka stakeholders and how to proceed with FRACTAL related work with Lusaka.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Engagement with self-funded FRACTAL cities: the City of Durban and the City of Cape Town 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We spent a morning engaging with FRACTAL self-funded city stakeholders (city officials) from the City of Durban and City of Cape Town (South Africa) about the FRACTAL project, hearing about their successes and challenges in utilising climate change information to inform municipal decision making, and discussing the way forward in engaging with both these cities. An academic who is working with the City of Johannesburg also attended the meeting and shared her experiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description FRACTAL Virtual Learning Retreat 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact FRACTAL held a virtual learning retreat to reflect on the project as well as plan future activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description FRACTAL annual event (recurring) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The FRACTAL consortium members present, engage, plan and reflect on the project. Open discussions and strategic meetings and conversations are held. This is a recurring event and ended in 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018,2019
 
Description FRACTAL presentations at the annual ICLEI Africa planning workshop (recurring) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A presentation on FRACTAL was given at ICLEI Africa's planning session. The project's aims, objectives and activities were shared, as well as ICLEI Africa's involvement in these activities. Discussion was held as to the overlaps and alignments between FRACTAL and the various other programmes/ projects that ICLEI Africa is engaged in. ICLEI Africa staff showed interest in the project, and alignments with other work (past and present) were discussed. This a recurring meeting, held annually.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018,2019
 
Description Facilitated a session and presented at the Resilience for Development Colloquium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Coordinated a session at the Resilience Development Colloquium. The session aimed to unpack and develop principles for building resilience in African cities. A presentation was also given which outlined the lessons learnt to date in the research for building resilience in African cities. The outcome was a session report for the principles that emerged as well as of the lessons learnt. These principles and lessons have fed into global processes through presentations given at international events.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Fortitude Initiative Launch Event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Together with UNDRR, we hosted the first Fortitude Initiative (FI) meeting in Cape Town, bringing together 7 cities from 6 countries focussing on building resilience at the local level. As part of this event FRACTAL lessons were shared whilst participants co-developed a plan for how FRACTAL learning's could be taken forward under FI.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://africa.iclei.org/project/fortitude-initiative/
 
Description Gaborone city meetings and introduction to FRACTAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Recon trip to Gaborone to meet with university (University of Botswana) and City of Gaborone stakeholders. The meetings were used to raise awareness of the FRACTAL project, begin developing a city specific workplan (discussion was held on deliverables, timeframes for engagement etc), as well as learn more about what climate change and development related challenges the city is facing. These meetings were essential in keeping with FRACTAL methods of transdisciplinarity and co-production, allowing the city stakeholders to shape the research and climate science conducted with City of Gaborone stakeholders. Outcomes/ impacts included: (a) Awareness raised on FRACTAL and it's aims and objectives, (b) existing city relationships built on and new relationships and networks established, (c) practical, administrative and logistical details of the partnerships discussed (e.g. MoU and sub-contract), (d) trip report produced and shared internally, and (e) receiving documents that can feed into FRACTAL research processes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Gaborone engagements and climate change dialogue 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participation, support and lead in engagements/training/meetings/dialogues as part of FRACTAL project implementation. The climate change and scenario planning workshop was instrumental in painting the current context for climate change "readiness" (related to the water sector) in the city of Gaborone. The key outputs for the day included a) identifying the landscape of water policy and legal instruments; b) identify key stakeholders and their associated impact in terms of water management; and c) work with city stakeholders to define urban agenda and priority research issues related to water and climate change. Additional, a key outcome was the network opportunity it provided, with key city officials learning more about who holds climate information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018,2019
 
Description Harare city engagements 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Participation, support and lead in engagements/training/meetings/dialogues as part of FRACTAL project implementation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018,2019
 
Description Harare city meetings and introduction to FRACTAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Recon trip to Harare to meet with university (Chinhoyi University of Technology) and City of Harare stakeholders. The meetings were used to raise awareness of the FRACTAL project, begin developing a city specific workplan (discussion was held on deliverables, timeframes for engagement etc), as well as learn more about what climate change and development related challenges the city is facing. These meetings were essential in keeping with FRACTAL methods of transdisciplinarity and co-production, allowing the city stakeholders to shape the research and climate science conducted with City of Harare stakeholders. Outcomes/ impacts included: (a) Awareness raised on FRACTAL and it's aims and objectives, (b) existing city relationships built on and new relationships and networks established, (c) practical, administrative and logistical details of the partnerships discussed (e.g. MoU and sub-contract), (d) trip report produced and shared internally, and (e) receiving documents that can feed into FRACTAL research processes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description ICCA 2019: Collaboration for Climate Action 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Profiled FRACTAL activities and lessons through multiple channels at the event. These channels include through leading and implementing sessions; communication products (brochures etc.), presentations, bi-laterals and speaker on panels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.icca2019.org/
 
Description Improving Methods of Communicating Climatic Uncertainties: Supporting Those That Communicate Climate Information 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Article written to profile ICLEI Africa activities and learning's which emerged from a FRACTAL specific activity. The article converted scientific results and recommendations into practical language for city officals and decision makers, thereby improving reach as well as the potential uptake of results and recommendations by local governments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Inception meetings with Maputo city stakeholders 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Recon trip to Maputo to meet with university (Eduardo Mondlane University) and City of Maputo stakeholders. The meetings were used to raise awareness of the FRACTAL project, begin developing a city specific workplan (discussion was held on deliverables, timeframes for engagement etc), as well as learn more about what climate change and development related challenges the city is facing. These meetings were essential in keeping with FRACTAL methods of transdisciplinarity and co-production, allowing the city stakeholders to shape the research and climate science conducted with City of Maputo stakeholders. Outcomes/ impacts included: (a) Awareness raised on FRACTAL and it's aims and objectives, (b) existing city relationships built on and new relationships and networks established, (c) practical, administrative and logistical details of the partnerships discussed (e.g. MoU and sub-contract), (d) trip report produced and shared internally, and (e) receiving documents that can feed into FRACTAL research processes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Inception workshop for FRACTAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The inception meeting occurred over three days (12-14 August 2015), participants included consortium members and city partners. The aim of the meeting was to improve the understanding and collaboration between all FRACTAL partners; and to work on an integrated FRACTAL work plan that is based on well thought through science questions, that are aligned with targets and actions for year one. During the meeting, thematic clusters (and co-leads of these clusters) were established to take the work forward.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Lusaka learning labs, city dialogues and engagements 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Engagement in learning labs and other related engagements/training/meetings/dialogues as part of FRACTAL project implementation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018,2019
 
Description NDC Investment Forum 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Profiled FRACTAL activities and lessons through multiple channels at the event. These channels included presentations, bi-laterals and speaker on the forum panel.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.ndcs.undp.org/content/ndc-support-programme/en/home/ndc-events/country-level/ghana-ndc-i...
 
Description New study reveals that African leaders are ready to take climate action 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Article written to profile ICLEI Africa activities and learning's which emerged from a FRACTAL specific activity. The article converted scientific results and recommendations into practical language for city officials and decision makers, thereby improving reach as well as the potential uptake of results and recommendations by local governments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://africa.iclei.org/uncategorized/new-study-reveals-that-african-leaders-are-ready-to-take-clim...
 
Description Panel discussion at the "Promoting the Role of Cities: Africa Strategy Workshop" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Participated in a panel discussion at the Cities Alliance's "Promoting the Role of Cities: Africa Strategy Workshop". The panel was entitled: "Key Issues in the Urban Transition: The Contribution of Research: Climate Change and Energy". I presented lessons and findings based on a number of ICLEI Africa projects (including FRACTAL) as well as personal experience working with sub-national governments on climate change related issues.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Participation in the FCFA mid term meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Attended and contributed to the FCFA mid term conference. The output of this conference was greater collaboration between the FCFA consortium partners as well as contribution to discussion around ensuring a legacy for the FCFA work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation and lead session at the African Climate Risk Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact ICLEI Africa coordinated a session at the conference. The aim of the session was to co-develop an approach to multi-level governance on the African continent.

The title of the presentation given during the session was: Strachan, K. Multi-level governance in Africa: ICLEI lessons, presented at African Climate Risk Conference (2019) (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation to CSAG Winterschool 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presenation title: Kavonic, J. Inspiring Adaptation Cases from Africa, presented at CSAG Winter School (2017 - 2019) (Cape Town, South Africa)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018,2019
 
Description Presentation to ICLEI Africa staff on lessons learnt from FRACTAL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presented to ICLEI Africa staff (40 colleagues) on the learning's and methods emergent from the FRACTAL project (including MEL lessons). This sparked a debate around mainstreaming climate information into local level decision making and all colleagues reported learning's in how they will approach and design future activities.

The two presentation titles were:
1) Kavonic, J. Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning: FRACTAL as a Frontier, presented at ICLEI Africa strategic planning day (2019) (Cape Town, South Africa)
2) Kavonic, J. Lessons and Impact of FRACTAL, presented at ICLEI Africa strategic planning day (2018) (Cape Town, South Africa)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation to South Africa's Climate Change Adaptation Technical Working Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact I attended South Africa's national government convened climate change adaptation technical working group. These meetings are an opportunity for those operating within the climate change adaptation space within South Africa to discuss important matters. I presented on the FRACTAL project, and the important outcomes applicable to broader climate change work in the country.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Resilient Cities Congress (2016 - 2019) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presented on FRACTAL as part of a panel at Resilient Cities 2016. The panel discussion was entitled: "Cities as First Responders to Climate Change, and the Role of the UCCRN Regional Hubs". UCCRN presented their "Summary for City Leaders of the Second UCCRN Assessment Report on Climate Change and Cities (ARC3.2)" report and discussions were held as to how FRACTAL and ICLEI processes could feed into/ benefit from the UCCRN work.
Shared FRACTAL activities and learning's in multiple sessions/panels at consecutive congresses (2017 - 2019). Presented a FRACTAL poster at the Resilient Cities 2016. Lead a session at the 2019 Resilient Cities congress on the experiential learning methodologies developed under FRACTAL.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018,2019
 
Description Talanoa dialogues in Africa: Highlighting the value of multi-level governance for climate action 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Article written to profile ICLEI Africa activities and learning's which emerged from a FRACTAL specific activity. The article converted scientific results and recommendations into practical language for city officials and decision makers, thereby improving reach as well as the potential uptake of results and recommendations by local governments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://africa.iclei.org/news-events/news-details/article/talanoa-dialogues-in-africa-highlighting-th...
 
Description Trained local Councillors and technical officials on "Transformational Leadership for Climate Change" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Offered Transformational Leadership for Climate Change training to city officials (heads of each department and directorates) as well as local Councillors (ward and city council) in Lusaka (2019) and Windhoek (2018). In Lusaka, training was conducted for the officials that are responsible for influencing the water security action and investment plan for the city of Lusaka of Lusaka. In Windhoek, principles for what a transformation leader looks like were co-developed. In 2019, training was extended to Blantyre, Harare and Gaborone.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
 
Description Unravelling the complexities: co-producing climate solutions for African cities 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Article written to profile ICLEI Africa activities and learning's which emerged from a FRACTAL specific activity. The article converted scientific results and recommendations into practical language for city officials and decision makers, thereby improving reach as well as the potential uptake of results and recommendations by local governments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://africa.iclei.org/news-events/news-details/article/unravelling-the-complexities-co-producing-c...
 
Description Walking the talk for sustainability projects: 4 tips for hosting a virtual learning retreat 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Article written to profile ICLEI Africa activities and learning's which emerged from a FRACTAL specific activity. The article converted scientific results and recommendations into practical language for city officals and decision makers, thereby improving reach as well as the potential uptake of results and recommendations by local governments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://africa.iclei.org/news-events/news-details/article/walking-the-talk-for-sustainability-project...
 
Description Windhoek learning labs and engagements 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Engagement in learning labs and other related engagements/training/meetings/dialogues as part of FRACTAL project implementation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018,2019