An Enclosure Design Tool to enable zoos to create integrated, wild-type enclosures for great apes

Lead Research Organisation: University of Birmingham
Department Name: Sch of Biosciences

Abstract

Time is running out for our great ape relatives that are centre stage in the balance between improving the quality of human lives and living within the Earth's limits. Orangutans for example inhabit prime areas for agricultural expansion, timber extraction and palm oil plantations; bonobos inhabit areas of prolonged warfare and mountain gorillas inhabit areas that are crucial for minerals such as Coltan and for oil. If habitat destruction continues apace all great apes will be extinct in the wild within 20 years (World Conservation Union [IUCN]).

In parallel with efforts to manage wild populations and habitats sustainably, modern zoos must form 'arks', to maintain viable populations of threatened species that can re-populate the wild if needed. This requires a step-change in our approach, to go beyond simply 'preserving' the animal for its genetic material to 'conserving the whole organism'- the behavioural traits and physical adaptations that are a vital part of what determines an animal's ability to survive in the natural environment.

Great apes are, however, some of the most difficult species to keep successfully in captivity. Health problems, such as obesity, are common, and some display aberrant behaviours and signs of stress, often related to a lack of relevant physical and mental activity. As stewards of these species for future generations, zoos need to be empowered with effective tools to ensure healthy, wild-type captive populations within a range of budgets.

That is what we are proposing: To devise an Enclosure Design Tool (EDT) that will enable zoos to develop independently effective strategies to ensure captive apes are able and motivated to express and maintain wild-type behaviours. In order to develop and validate the EDT, we will work with our project partner Twycross Zoo to apply our combined expertise on the behaviour of wild apes and management of captive apes to re-design their chimpanzee and gorilla enclosures.

This is much more than a simple enrichment plan. We will apply our knowledge of how animals deal with the demands of their natural habitat from locomotor, cognitive, social and cultural perspectives to design innovative, integrated wild-type enclosures. We will provide both the opportunity and incentive for wild-type behaviours, by exploiting the apes' motivation for one type of behaviour to encourage the expression of others. In the wild, all behaviours are strongly interlinked; by playing-on the relationship between them we can ensure that wild-type activity becomes a way of life for the animals, not a short-term novelty. The EDT will be innovative in that it will incorporate all of the core species-specific functional habitat requirements in one system. It will focus on replicating the mechanical and structural features of their habitats, not simply the aesthetics, and in relating it to data for wild animals, it will ensure the best fit for each species.

To our knowledge this partnership will be the first in the zoo community to draw on such a range of expertise to develop and release a stand-alone tool for future use by other zoos without academic input, and taking into account different budgets. Our advisory board will facilitate the dissemination of the EDT throughout the zoo community. This will improve the ability of UK and global zoos to act as true 'arks', and improve their financial situation by attracting more visitors to see animals behaving like their wild counterparts.

Our results can ultimately help inform those protecting and managing great apes environments in the wild by developing understanding of the core minimum elements needed to replicate natural environmental systems to support great ape wild-type behaviour, and support more successful reintroduction programmes by informed selections of possible habitats and better prepared apes.

Planned Impact

This innovation project is driven by impact and will have substantial economic and social impacts for our primary partner Twycross Zoo, for policy maker partner BIAZA, for the UK as a whole and ultimately for those managing the environments of great apes in range countries. These are described in detail in the Case for Support with pathway descriptions. A summary of key outcomes is provided below.

Key Benefits for Twycross Zoo (TZ):

1. Innovative housing and the associated improvements in the animals' activity levels and wild-type behavioural repertoire will enhance TZ's regeneration process (through enhanced reputation and status) and increase their economic status by attracting more visitors to see these popular animals. Such developments can lever corporate sponsorship. TZ will administer visitor questionnaires before and after the enclosure changes, to measure the impact of the project on visitor satisfaction (and thus financial impact), and will provide the academic team with this data for reporting.

2. The academics will transfer knowledge and expertise that TZ currently lacks in wild-type behavioural ecology to inform evidence-based enclosure design and management. This will facilitate the new Exec. Team's vision to catalyse cultural change within the organisation to be an international leader in captive management. The Enclosure Design Tool (EDT) will ensure the sustainability of the knowledge transfer by equipping TZ to implement an evidence-based approach independently for future developments.

Key Benefits for BIAZA

The EDT has the capacity to significantly enhance the UK's leadership in evidence-based management of great apes in captive habitats. The modularity and flexibility of the EDT make it applicable to both large and small scale habitat modifications, and can be used by non-experts, and is thus clearly advantageous for the numerous UK zoos without ready access to academics, or substantial funding for new enclosures. Its free availability to BIAZA members is therefore central to its success.

Key benefits to UK:

1. Zoos and aquariums are a growth sector that currently contribute £645 million in total activity to the UK economy and employs over 11,000 people, with visitors spending ca. £350 million per annum (BIAZA). Since active great apes are a primary attraction for zoo visitors, the project has the potential to enhance the UK's economic competitiveness in the tourism and culture sectors and contribute to sustained and/or improved employment.

2. The EDT also offers opportunities for linked enclosure architects and materials manufacturers to innovate alongside the findings of this project in order to manage the modifications that will be required in enclosure design and development, further enhancing the UK's position as an advanced materials and manufacturing hub.

In the long term the EDT can provide evidence to inform responsible management practice of environmental change in great ape range countries by:

1. developing user understanding of the core minimum elements needed to replicate natural environmental systems in order to support great ape wild-type behaviour, and support more successful reintroduction programmes by informed selections of possible habitats and better prepared apes.

2. building resilience to natural and anthropogenic habitat change by fulfilling the 'ark concept' and preparing species that have an important biological role in tropical forest for reintroduction, if required. Ensuring great ape sustainability in natural habitats preserves an essential natural resource with which to generate funding, catalyse cultural change and societal benefit and ensure the stewardship of natural resources for future generations.

To demonstrate the impact of this project we provide Letters of Support from example end users: Paignton Zoo and the Pan African Sanctuary Alliance that know our work and can best judge the value of the EDT we will produce for their fields.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description The key finding is that it is possible to encourage more natural behavioural profiles in zoo-housed chimpanzees by designing enclosures that focus on replicating the mechanics of natural environments and the physical and mental challenges they pose for wild great apes, rathr than by creating enclosures that look natural..
Exploitation Route The Enclosure Design Tool is being adopted by other zoos and we have also rolled it out to chimpanzee and orangutan sanctuaries in great ape range countries, so this project has left an important legacy for improving the quality of life of captive great apes across the world. Moreover it helps the zoos that use it communicate conservation messages more effectively because the message are supported by apes that behave more like their wild relatives.
Sectors Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

 
Description To date we have obtained the baseline data for chimpanzees and gorillas at Twycross Zoo and have written a report for the zoo that made recommendations for eliciting wild type behaviours in their chimpanzees. We then supported the keepers in translating those recommendations into enclosure changes that meet the requirements of captive management. The keepers made substantial changes and we have repeated data collection for both species to establish whether those changes have had a beneficial effect on the chimpanzees/gorillas locomotor, manipulative, social and undesirable behaviours. The modifications have worked well. This process has been complemented by our formation of an Advisory Board who are helping us ensure the project is relevant to all UK zoos and beyond to other user groups, such as the managers of chimpanzee/gorilla rehabilitation and reintroduction programmes in range countries. In addition Thorpe sat on the Design Team's bi-weekly Meetings for Twycross Zoo's new chimpanzee enclosure which opened in Summer 2018. It incorporates many of the concepts and we are now repeating data collection, so that we can quantify how the EDT has helped replicate wild type behavioural profiles for the Chimps in the New Enclosure.Preliminary feedback from the keepers suggest that wildtype behavioural profiles have increased, muscle mass has increased and the chimps are much happier in their new environment.
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Construction,Education,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic

 
Description Research Advisor on Twycross Zoo Design Team for new chimpanzee enclosure
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description BBSRC IAA
Amount £46,169 (GBP)
Organisation Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2019 
End 06/2020
 
Description NERC CENTA DTP studentship
Amount £80,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 03/2021
 
Description NERC DTP (CENTA)
Amount £80,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 03/2020
 
Description NERC Knowledge Exchange Fellowship
Amount £197,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/R00272X/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 09/2020
 
Description Research grant
Amount $100,000 (USD)
Organisation The ARCUS Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 02/2017 
End 09/2018
 
Description Amersfoort Zoo 
Organisation Taronga Zoo
Country Australia 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Amersfoort zoo is one of 4 zoos where we have piloted the chimpanzee EDT, to test its efficacy before making it available to the EU zoo community
Collaborator Contribution Amersfoort Zoo allowed us off-show access to their chimpanzee group and are feeding into our work to improve the efficacy of the EDT in zoos other than Twycross
Impact none yet
Start Year 2017
 
Description Ape Action Africa 
Organisation Ape Action Africa UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We have spent the last year working with Ape Action Africa (AAA) to develop a chimp sanctuary EDT. It is based on the zoo chimp EDT, but has been modified to account for the unique circumstances in which sanctuaries operate (e.g. ages/histories of the animals, quarantine requirements, husbandry, the impact of a tropical climate on the materials that can be used in enclosures, the literacy levels of staff and the sheer volume of unrelated animals that they need to care for). We are now writing up the results of the study and have begun collaborating with the wider chimpanzee sanctuary community to make it available for free to all end users and to ensure it meets their needs. We have trained AAA staff in the biological underpinnings of the need to encourage wild-type behaviours in captive apes and in how to collect data for the EDT, so they are equipped to continue with the approach now the project has finished.
Collaborator Contribution Ape Action Africa hosted our PDRA and also the Cameroonian student that worked with us on the project (whom they have since appointed as a vet). They worked with us to innovate new ways to replicate the mechanics of natural habitats in sanctuary settings, which will significantly enhance the quality of the EDT. They are also helping us link to the wider chimp sanctuary community so we are able to distribute the EDT when it is finished.
Impact significant improvements in the quality of life of the chimpanzees that were subjects in the research study, which has welfare, policy and economic implications since AAA is a major venue for the public and policy makers to visit in Cameroon to learn about their native wildlife and the issues surrounding deforestation
Start Year 2017
 
Description BIAZA 
Organisation British and Irish Association of Zoos and Aquariums
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Whilst our partnership with BIAZA began in 2015 with the Enclosure Design Tool, it has continued to thrive and expand since that time. The benefits of the EDT partnership to BIAZA are described by the following quote from Dr Kirsten Pullen, CEO BIAZA "The collaboration on the EDT project has had clear impacts for BIAZA in more than one way. The development of a tool that allows apes in our care to experience activity and locomotion more comparable to wild type behaviours allows us to achieve our goals of promoting wild type behaviours and developing strong protocols for high levels of care within our zoos. In addition, the relationship between the Birmingham University, Twycross Zoo and BIAZA is a clear model of how integrating disciplines can lead to beneficial partnerships with relevant outcomes for the professional bodies and for the academic partners involved". As part of the new KE Fellowship, our partnership is progressing to include the joint establishment of a Great Ape Welfare group (GAWg). The aim is to bring together zoo practitioners, researchers of wild and captive great apes and representative of great ape-related welfare, regulatory and government organisations to define best practice in great ape welfare, celebrate current successes, and work together to generate tangible evidence-based improvements in welfare, husbandry, policy, ex-situ conservation and linked research. We also hope that this group can be a model for the way zoos generate evidence-based practice in the future. The group has now been established for two year and Thorpe is Chair of the group.
Collaborator Contribution BIAZA are the professional representative body for UK zoos. Working with them has provided us with a detailed insight into the needs and logistics of zoos. Partnership with them has given added value to the Enclosure Design Tool because of their position as the UK representative body for zoos and because of their international reputation with zoo practitioners and policy makers. BIAZA are co-founders of and provide administration for the Great Ape Welfare group. The partnership has been critical in facilitating our links with the zoo community and is strengthening our our links to UK and EU policy makers.
Impact 1) A primary output is the Enclosure Design Tool, which is described elsewhere 2) Outcomes from the Great Ape Welfare Group include a) a great ape-specific contribution to the Secretary of States Standards for Modern Zoo Practice, which is DEFRA's regulatory document that guides the inspection and regulation of UK zoos. These recommendations are currently part of an review process within DEFRA and are expected to be passed within the next 18 months. b) annual training workshops for great ape zoo keepers that have been attended by keepers from all over Europe c) Collaboration with the 22 zoos that hold great apes in the UK to undertake a facilities and management survey (predominantly funded by the BBSRC IAA award) d) The development of literature reviews on the gaps in knowledge relating to the welfare of wild and captive great apes that will next be combined with the facilities and management survey to create best practice guidance ( (predominantly funded by the BBSRC IAA award)
Start Year 2015
 
Description Blair Drummond Zoo 
Organisation Blair Drummond Safari Park
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution We are piloting the EDT on the chimpanzees at Blair Drummond Zoo to test its efficacy, before rolling it out to the EU zoo community
Collaborator Contribution Blair Drummond are allowing us off-show access to their chimpanzee group and are feeding into our work to improve the efficacy of the EDT in zoos other than Twycross
Impact in development
Start Year 2017
 
Description Bornean Orangutan Survival Foundation 
Organisation Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution in 2017 we worked at a Bornean Orangutan Survival Foundation (BOS) orangutan sanctuary to develop the sanctuary Orangutan Enclosure Design Tool. We contributed scientific expertise in the behaviour of wild orangutans to help BOS modify their enclosures to optimise the chances of the rehabilitant orangutans learning wild behaviours to help ensure their successful reintroduction into natural habitat. Our approach focuses on replicating the mechanical challenges apes experience in the wild to create enclosures that behave naturally as they move around them, rather than ones that look natural to visitors. Our PDRA also provided training to staff in data collection and in the biological underpinning of which particular types of behaviour (such as locomotion and complex cognitive problems) need to be focused on to ensure rehabilitant orangutans can thrive when released into natural habitat. We now have a new phase of the partnership developing with them as they will host our new ARCUS-funded project to fine tune the EDT (but my time is funded by this NERC Fellowship). We are currently discussing how the partnership will work but we anticipate one ARCUS funded PDRA and a NERC DTP student will spend time at BOS' main sanctuary (Nyaru Menteng) working with them to improve key components of the orangutan rehabilitation process and post release monitoring to quantify whether the orangutans can thrive once they are returned to the wild.
Collaborator Contribution BOS hosted our PDRA at the Samboja Orangutan centre in 2017. They allocated significant staff time to facilitating the project. In the new phase of the project (due to begin later this year) they will allocate significant staff time and will cover the costs of required enclosure modifications. They are currently working with us to plan the next stage of the project and support our applications for Visa and permits
Impact Substantially enhanced welfare of BOS orangutans. This has been analysed in a report for BOS, which we have now submitted as a Case Study to the upcoming State of the Apes publication. We are working on a paper for submission later this year as well.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Chester Zoo 
Organisation Chester Zoo
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Thorpe has had a 20 year partnership with Chester Zoo developing ways to improve the wild-type behaviours of captive apes.Our contribution has been to 1) write reports on the behaviour of wild orangutans, 2) provide research advice on the design of the new orangutan enclosures and 3) design and provide students to carry out projects at the zoo to test mechanisms to encourage wild-type behaviours in chimpanzees and orangutans.
Collaborator Contribution Chester Zoo have been on our Advisory Board for the EDT since its inception and are now in the process of carrying out a pilot study of the EDT on their chimpanzees. They have also facilitated contacts with the Orangutan Veterinary Advisory Board and a range of orangutan sanctuariess in Indonesia and Malaysia, where we have been working to develop an orangutan sanctuary EDT. This year they have allowed our new ARCUS Foundation/NERC funded research team to practice data collection on their orangutans
Impact paper in progress
 
Description Orangutan Veterinary Advisory Group 
Organisation Orangutan Veterinary Advisory Group
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution The Orangutan Veterinary Advisory Group (OVAG) support 38 stakeholders in orangutan conservation and health, and represent most of the orangutan sanctuaries in SE Asia. We are working with them in a knowledge exchange partnership. We are providing information on the behavioural ecology of wild orangutans and how the mechanical challenges that wild orangutans face every day can be emulated in captivity to increase the quality of life of captive orangutans and their chances of successful reintroduction, where this is possible. We are delivering this both via the EDT and via advice on general ways to enhance the physical and cognitive challenges posed to captive orangutans by their enclosures. This year will be the 5th year running that we have contributed to their annual veterinary workshop.
Collaborator Contribution The OVAG committee formed our Advisory Board for the orangutan sanctuary EDT, which is designed to ensure that the EDT reflects the needs of a wide range of end users, by obtaining input on its design and functionality from representatives of related conservation, sanctuary and policy making organizations. OVAG have built the EDT into their 5 year strategy to be one of their pillars of research activity. We are partners at their annual meetings so we can also develop our knowledge of the core issues for the community and the primary problems in rehabilitating orangutans for life back in the wild. They are also committed to supporting us in refining the EDT for all sanctuaries and to helping roll out the EDT to the sanctuary community once we have completed the refinement process (via a new grant from the ARCUS Foundation) that is funding a 4 year project and international partnership.
Impact We have spoken at their annual meetings to showcase the EDT and obtain feedback on its development. We are also currently working with them to quantify their training needs in relationship to accessing research information on the behavioral ecology of wild orangutans and have already delivered 2 sessions on this topic to their staff.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Twycross Zoo 
Organisation Twycross Zoo
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution In 2015 we were seconded to Twycross zoo to use their chimpanzee and gorilla enclosures as a case study from which to develop the Enclosure Design Tool. Our work to record the locomotor, cognitive and social behaviour of their chimps and gorillas is significantly improving the welfare of their animals by providing bespoke evidence-based modifications to their enclosures based on comparisons with the behaviour of wild animals. This process gives the zoo direct access to the latest research on wild chimpanzees and gorillas, which is rarely accessible to zoos either because of lack of proximity to relevant academics or because the way the research is described makes it difficult to extract meaningful translational information. For example very little is know about the behaviour of wild lowland gorillas because there are very few habituated populations. Interpreting the literature thus requires understanding of the behaviour of wild apes and the likely impact of lack of habituation. Moreover, our study contributes substantially to their vision - which is to be a research-led zoo, particularly in care and welfare of primates. Part of their vision has been to design and build a new flagship Chimpanzee enclosure. Thorpe sat on the Design Committee as a Research Advisor to help ensure the new enclosure facilitated expression of wild-type behaviours.
Collaborator Contribution Twycross zoo allowed us access to their animal facilities and to their staff at all levels of the organisation in order to develop the Enclosure Design Tool. They allocated us office space and provided access to their library and parking facilities for free, plus free access to the zoo. They modified enclosures as we have suggested and allocated significant staff time to this process. Further they have made bridges for us with regulatory bodies (EU great Ape Taxon Advisory Group [TAG}), and facilitated our speaking at several EU TAG meetings. From an institutional perspective they had been strong ambassadors for the benefits of industry interacting with the University of Birmingham and their CEO (Sharon Redrobe) has spoken at key University of Birmingham events such as 'Business with Birmingham, 2015 to this effect.
Impact Our partnership led to a series of events exploring wider collaboration across the operations and expertise of UoB and Twycross Zoo. We ran a Discovery Day at Twycross that was attended by >20 leading researchers from 5 Colleges with the University of Birmingham. To date this has led to formal collaborations developing between Twycross Zoo and the Birmingham Business School (http://www.birmingham.ac.uk/schools/business/news/2015/july/marketing-and-monkeys.aspx) and the School of Psychology, and others are in development. The two institutional partners signed an MOU in 2016. The partnership has been featured extensively by both institutions as a flagship industry/academia partnership, such as the 'Business with Birmingham' conference in 2015, where the CEO of Twycross Zoo sat on the panel with large corporates such as Jaguar Land Rover, Procter & Gamble, and IBM, and features in the Business with Birmingham 'Think' magazine e.g.:http://www.birmingham.ac.uk/Documents/partners/Think-Business-10.pdf
Start Year 2015
 
Description Whipsnade zoo 
Organisation Whipsnade Zoo
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution We are piloting the EDT on the chimpanzees at Whipsnade Zoo to test its efficacy, before rolling it out to the EU zoo community
Collaborator Contribution Whipsnade are allowing us off-show access to their chimpanzee group and are feeding into our work to improve the efficacy of the EDT in zoos other than Twycross
Impact non yet
Start Year 2017
 
Description • Chimpfunshi Wildlife Orphanage Trust 
Organisation Chimfunshi Wildlife Orphanage Trust
Country Zambia 
Sector Multiple 
PI Contribution We have supported Chimpfunsi via mentoring and support to apply the EDT to their sanctuary chimpanzees to address behavioural problems and improve their quality of life.
Collaborator Contribution Contributed knowledge to improve the EDT
Impact in development
Start Year 2019
 
Title Enclosure Design Tool 
Description We have created an 'Enclosure Design Tool' (EDT) that will be freely available to UK and EU zoos. The EDT enables zoos to elicit more natural 'wild-type' behavioural profiles in their captive chimpanzees 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact none to date, we are just releasing it now 
 
Description 'Inside Out' coverage 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Coverage of the Enclosure Design Tool and our partnership with Twycross Zoo was broadcast on BBC Inside Out (both the East and West Midlands programmes, which reached 200,000 people at the time of broadcast) and regional TV and radio news channels. In total the EDT resulted in 258 items of press coverage across a range of media platforms.

Urls for press coverage are:
UoB press release including video footage and interviews:
http://www.birmingham.ac.uk/news/latest/2016/05/new-enclosure-design-tool-created-for-uk-zoos.aspx

Reuters coverage and independent video footage and interviews
http://uk.reuters.com/article/us-tech-britain-chimpanzees-idUKKCN0ZS1OI

Example newspaper coverage from the Daily Mail online:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/pa/article-3584507/Zoos-chimpanzees-feel-wild-new-computer-program.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.birmingham.ac.uk/news/latest/2016/05/new-enclosure-design-tool-created-for-uk-zoos.aspx
 
Description BIAZA talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact A presentation to BIAZA's annual research conference entitled 'An Enclosure Design Tool to enable zoos to create integrated, wild-type enclosures for great apes'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Delivery of Twycross Zoo's Conservation Welfare Talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The title of the talk was 'Aping the apes: translating wild great ape research to zoos'. It was delivered to Twycross Zoo's members and interested general public. The aim was to show the public and particularly the members about our collaboration, and the importance of eliciting wild-type behaviours in the captive management of great apes. Informal feedback was that they really enjoyed learning both about the wild research and the translation of those results into captivity. The audience had not really experienced researchers before, so it exposed them to a different perspective on zoos and their importance in society, and also the impact of academic research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://twycrosszoo.org/conservation-welfare-talk-aping-the-apes/
 
Description European Commission consultation on the REFIT evaluation of the Zoo Directive 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Thorpe was successful in an application to take part in the European Commission Workshop on the REFIT evaluation of the Zoos Directive. Attendance was limited to 100 delegates from EU zoos and their stakeholders. The REFIT process was part of the EU's rolling programme to test the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of EU policy. The consortium carrying out the REFIT presented its draft key findings to the European Commission in early 2017. The purpose of the workshop was to share their findings with representatives of governments and stakeholders, including representatives from relevant economic sectors and non-governmental organisations at both EU and national level directly concerned with implementation of the Zoos Directive to ensure that: 1) important findings were not overlooked in the conclusions; 2) there was no misrepresentation of evidence in findings; 3) adequate regard was given to the different inputs and the evidence that supports different views. As one of only 2 academics present I was able to represent an academic perspective on the important role of EU zoos in conservation and research, and conversely on the importance of ensuring zoos animals can exhibit wild-type behavioral profiles.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/legislation/refitzoosdirective/workshop_en.htm
 
Description European Commission consultation on the REFIT evaluation of the Zoo Directive 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The European Commission's 'Zoo Directive' seeks to protect wild fauna and to conserve biodiversity by providing for the adoption of measures by Member States for the licensing and inspection of zoos in the Community, thereby strengthening the role of zoos in the conservation of biodiversity. In 2016 a 'refit' process began to assess the fitness and performance of the Directive in terms of its relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, EU-added value, and coherence. I contributed to the consultation as a Scientific Expert via a meeting with the DG-Environment Policy Officer leading the REFIT and via formal consultation process.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description GAWg keeper CPD 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Training provided to link behavioural ecology research and captive care of great apes
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
 
Description Great Ape TAG talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A presentation introducing the Enclosure Design Tool to the greaty Ape Taxon Advisory Group (TAG) and the Chimpanzee EEP, These are the EU regulatory body, under the auspices of EAZA (European Association of Zoos and Aquaria), that is responsible for all aspects of the management and welfare of captive great apes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Introducing the Release Assessment tool 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact we delivered a workshop, to the OVAG meeting, which this year ran virtually. We provided more training in the behavioral ecology of wild orangutans and then described a tool we have developed for the sanctuary community that can help them assess whether their orangutans are ready for release back into the wild.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description OVAG Presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Chappell was invited to take part in the Orangutan Veterinary Advisory Group (OVAG) Annual Meeting, held in Jogjakarta, Indonesia: She also delivered a presentation entitled "Supporting rehabilitation: Extending the Enclosure Design Tool (EDT) to Sanctuaries" In 2018 we ran a half day workshop for the OVAG community on the behavioural ecology of wild orangutans and the Enclosure Design Tool. In 2019 Chappell ran sessions on the EDT and we have been invited to develop this further in 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018,2019
 
Description Pan African Sanctuary Alliance (PASA) Annual Veterinary Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We have been invited to this event to provide training in the behavioural ecology of wild chimpanzees and the Enclosure Design Tool. PASA are the largest alliance of wildlife sanctuaries in Africa, so this is a fantastic opportunity to translate research knowledge into improved quality of life outcomes for sanctuary chimpanzees
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation at BIAZA AGM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Chappell was invited to speak at BIAZA's AGM on "Culture and Technology: Facilitating evidence-based captive management with the Enclosure Design Tool". The output was to generate discussion on ways to include technology in the care of zoo animals. It resulted in the planning of future collaborations to develop similar tools. Applications for funding to support these are underway
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation to Twycross Zoo Staff 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact The presentation was:
Thorpe SKS, Chappell JM (2015) An Enclosure Design Tool to enable zoos to create integrated, wild-type enclosures for great apes.

The aim of the presentation was to inform zoo staff about the aims and objectives of the grant, give them ownership of the process and celebrate the achievements they had made to date. Feedback was excellent and the response of the staff was very positive about the project and its importance to what they do.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Running a Great Ap[e Welfare group CPD workshop for zoo keepers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Great Ape Welfare group ran its first CPD workshop for great ape-related zookeepers. Though aimed at UK keepers, it recruited from Western Europe as well. Training was provided in the biological needs of captive great apes and practical ways to translate this knowledge into improved husbandry. Feedback was excellent with 100% of attendees reporting that the day was informative and relevant and that they would like to attend future events
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019