Do past fires explain current carbon dynamics of Amazonian forests?

Lead Research Organisation: University of Exeter
Department Name: Geography

Abstract

Amazon forests process and store large quantities of carbon in vegetation and soils. These forests, assumed to be mostly 'old-growth' and fire-free are exhibiting a remarkable feature-they are gaining the equivalent mass of a small car every year in aboveground biomass per hectare of forest (0.89 Mg/ha/yr). These gains are attributed to increasing atmospheric CO2, which has a fertilization effect on tree growth. However, fire in these 'old-growth' forests may be more recent than expected (in the last few centuries), and regrowth from fire together with soil charcoal-which has a fertility effect-may be contributing together with CO2 fertilisation to the observed increases in biomass in these apparently mature forests. Current understanding of drivers of these increases is limited by, (i) an unknown fire history of plots used to monitor change, and (ii) lack of information of how resource change affects these forests. The effects of pre-modern fire on forest regrowth and the gain have not been evaluated.

Our pilot analysis of radiocarbon dated fire from soil charcoal indicates that even the wettest Amazon rainforest has burned, with forests considered to be 'old-growth' having burned within the last few centuries, and 70% of plots (n=70) containing visible soil charcoal fragments. Periodic drier climate and fire use by Native Americans before their populations collapsed ~450 years ago following Europeans colonisation may have resulted in a higher fire frequency than currently observed. Forest regrowth from these and more recent fires may still be occurring in forests considered to be 'undisturbed', e.g., some trees may grow to be 980 years old in central Amazonia, so that forest considered 'old-growth' may still be approaching equilibrium as long-lived trees mature following fire.

Fire also produces soil pyrogenic carbon (PyC) as charcoal that is found in archaeological sites in terra preta soils and in upland soils across Amazonia far from evidence of human settlement. Soil PyC increases soil fertility on otherwise nutrient poor soils, and being resistant to decomposition, may have increased soil fertility across the Amazon. Pre-modern fire and soil PyC are therefore two important ingredients in understanding how Amazonian forests currently function.

We will determine whether regrowth following past fire and soil PyC fertility effects in 'old-growth' permanent forest plots across Amazonia contributes to the observed carbon sink. We have developed a basin-wide network of on-the-ground sample plots, and because methods of measuring the forest with these are fully standardised even across nations they represent an excellent opportunity to measure the response of Amazon forest to historic fire and soil PyC.

In permanent forest plots across the Amazon Basin our Objectives are:
1) determine spatial patterns in 'time since last fire';
2) determine soil PyC stocks, and how these are affected by climatic, edaphic conditions, and fire intensity;
3) using results from (1) and (2), determine whether spatial patterns of productivity and carbon gains in aboveground tropical forest trees in Amazonia are consistent with regrowth from historical fire disturbance and by soil PyC acting as a soil fertility enhancer

Our research will improve understanding of fire patterns across the Amazon for long-term forest plots (the same plots used to estimate the current carbon sink). We will provide a first quantification of: soil PyC stocks, basin-wide environmental drivers of soil PyC stocks, and whether soil fertility is greater where soil PyC levels are higher. This will be a first large-scale test of whether forest productivity, structure, and increases in carbon can be attributed to regrowth from historic fire and soil PyC fertility effects. The results are vital for conservation planning, to estimate the longevity of the carbon sink, and for policy such as Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+).

Planned Impact

The main beneficiaries of this research include:
* Policy-makers, because there is special concern about the loss of forest and climate change risks to the Amazon region. Better understanding of the threats to potentially one of the most important 'hot spots' in the earth system will benefit public and policy-makers alike. For example, these include organisations such as the UN Development program, the IPCC, and local conservation managers.
*NGOs such as the Forest Stewardship Council, and agribusiness in transitional forest areas.
* Climate modellers working at the Met Office.
* The general public, in the UK, in South America, and worldwide, because the historic, contemporary and future response of forests to fire has important implications for soil-vegetation-climate interactions. Changing climate, its impacts on nature, and devising effective mitigation and adaptation is at the forefront of public consciousness as one of the defining challenges of the century.
* School children and university students in South America, who will be most affected by climate change and will benefit from additional awareness and training to help them to contribute to how their communities adapt to, and mitigate against, changing climate.

How?
* The project team has a strong record with demonstrated public, private sector, and governmental impact. For example, governmental agencies in Latin America and the UN Development Program in Brasilia will benefit by learning more about the impacts of fire and long-term change of Amazonian forests, building on previous presentations by the PI to these organisations. Project collaborators interact with the Brazilian 'King of Soya', the largest soya farmer in the world, where we have long-term forest plots located for this study. We will continue with these avenues and with others such as through colleagues of the team at Conservation International and the World Bank, to facilitate application of our results to conservation management plans, REDD+, and national-level policy decisions.
* To further reach the public and private sectors, and the wider scientific community we will use the well-visited websites to which we currently contribute for disseminating outputs, protocols & metadata (www.rainfor.org) and the data (www.forestplots.net) where visitors also access data management and analysis tools. We will also develop multilingual material to be hosted on South American collaborator's websites. We will develop multilingual press releases of research findings through the University of Exeter news office, and request that collaborators publicise the material through local university networks.
* Key messages will be disseminated via scientific briefs made available through the RAINFOR and Exeter websites, especially targeting decision-makers who rely on estimates of forest response to fire and long-term estimates of above-ground biomass gain. We have also hosted Earth Day projects for local school children and will construct interactive displays to use as educational tools during school visits about forest conservation and the effects of climate change on tropical forests.
* In addition to supervising UK and South American PhD students for the project, we will run an analysis workshop in Brazil to train students and facilitate interaction with international researchers from diverse fields. Based on past experience, we will invite local TV stations to the final talks in order to convey our results to the Latin American public.
* We will work with Brazilian PhD students to pursue Brazilian funding through the "Science without Borders" program, allowing the students to spend one year working with the project team at the Univ of Exeter and Leeds.
*We propose constructing a user-friendly Amazon fire web portal to make data easily available to a wider public, as well as public engagement events through public lectures as we have done in Brazil in the past.

Publications

10 25 50

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Sullivan MJ (2017) Diversity and carbon storage across the tropical forest biome. in Scientific reports

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Prestes N (2020) Fire Effects on Understory Forest Regeneration in Southern Amazonia in Frontiers in Forests and Global Change

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Pereira L (2018) Evaluation of Optical and Radar Images Integration Methods for LULC Classification in Amazon Region in IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing

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Nogueira D (2019) Impacts of Fire on Forest Biomass Dynamics at the Southern Amazon Edge in Environmental Conservation

 
Title Creative hands-on public displays in the Eden Project Tropical Biome 
Description Gave scientific, visual, and material input to the Eden Project team to develop hands-on public displays in the Eden Project Tropical Biome showing the effects of forest fire on tropical forests and to develop content to show the effects of climate change on precipitation, e.g., a wobbly bridge, a cloud-maker, and a rainforest hut where visitors can shelter from noisy rain (simulated) striking the tin roof while reading from artistic material on the walls of the hut. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact More than 1 million visitors visit the Eden Project each year, including international tourists, making the creative products highly visible to an international audience. 
URL https://www.edenproject.com/media/2017/02/tropical-rainstorms-and-a-wobbly-bridge-in-cloudy-treetops...
 
Title Youtube videos at the Eden Project Tropical Biome with Ted Feldpausch discussing the effects of fire and drought on tropical forests 
Description Ted Feldpausch gave a filmed interview to the Eden Project on the effects of drought and forest fire on tropical forests. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact More than 1 million visitors visit the Eden Project each year, including international tourists, making the creative products highly visible to an international audience. 
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vgu8b-Us1xY&feature=youtu.be
 
Description Our preliminary work has resulted in the first Amazon-wide estimate of soil pyrogenic carbon storage in soils. Pyrogenic carbon (macro- and microscopic charcoal) is a component of soil organic carbon formed by the incomplete combustion of biomass and is highly resistant to decomposition. It can act as a long-term soil carbon storage pool and also indicates past fire activity. For many years, Amazon forests were considered fire-free systems. However, our work has shown that past fires left a legacy effect on soils through the presence of greater than expected concentrations of pyrogenic carbon in soils across the whole of Amazonia, including even the wettest regions considered fire resistant. We tested whether forests that had accumulated more pyrogenic carbon and which potentially had more fire in that past, also had trees with different traits such as wind-dispersed seeds, having species that were on average taller, or denser wood that would be associated with a strategy to survive or recover from fire. We found no effect, suggesting past fire had little impact on modern forests tree traits; alternatively, past fires may have occurred too long ago to still have an impact on the tree traits found in forests today. We are currently evaluating whether the presence of pyrogenic carbon in the nutrient-poor soils of Amazonia can lead to an increase in soil fertility. Our preliminary findings indicate that pyrogenic carbon (but not the non-PyC soil organic carbon) is one of the primary controls on soil fertility in Amazonia, in addition to soil mineralogy and pedogenic development. To improve understanding of how the past fire regime affected forests, we are investigating the chronology of past fires across Amazonia by radiocarbon dating charcoal found in soil. Our preliminary radiocarbon dating of charcoal from evergreen Amazon forests indicate that even the wettest regions of Amazonia have burned within the past ~800 years. We continue to build on these results with our pan-Amazon analysis of charcoal radiocarbon dates through our project partner radiocarbon carbon laboratory in Brazil (Prof. K. Macario) and the NERC Radiocarbon Facility. With these new pyrogenic carbon and radiocarbon data in hand, we are now beginning the remote sensing component of the study to evaluate whether variation in forest structure, biomass, and composition across Amazonia relate to pyrogenic carbon storage and fire history.
Exploitation Route We will continue our soil sampling work across Amazonia and analysis to pursue our project goals. We are exploring opportunities to build on this work through the analysis of soil phytoliths to understand the long-term change (hundreds of years) in vegetation across Amazonia.
Sectors Agriculture, Food and Drink,Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

 
Description To extend our work to the public, we worked with the Eden Project, Cornwall, UK to develop interactive scientific displays about the effect of fire, drought, and land-use on tropical forests. The Eden Project receives over a million visitors a year from around the world, enabling us to reach a large audience to educate the public about the role of fire on the carbon cycle and biodiversity of tropical forests. We also conducted research training in methods in forest inventory, soil sampling, and laboratory preparation with locals and students at our field sites in four regional locations in Bolivia, Peru, Guyana, Colombia, and Nova Xavantina, Brazil.
First Year Of Impact 2017
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Description New PhD programme in Brazil
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact I am an affiliated professor at Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso (UNEMAT) and the National Institute for Research in Amazonia (INPA). At UNEMAT, I assisted in developing a new PhD programme.
 
Description Training in fire management in Mato Grosso, Amazonia, Brazil
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact I worked with a local NGO Alianca da Terra-Brazil who trains local farmers to reduce and manage fire in Amazonia. With one of the local firefighters from the NGO, I visited farms across the municipality of Feliz Natal, Mato Grosso, Brazil and discussed the impact of fire on their farms. Following this work, we set up plots to study how vegetation in their forest reserves changed following the fires.
 
Description Effect of fire on Amazon forest carbon and structure
Amount £0 (GBP)
Funding ID 1628035 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2015 
End 03/2019
 
Description NERC Oversees Develop Assistance (ODA)
Amount £20,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2017 
End 11/2019
 
Description Santander Ayudar Colombia
Amount £1,680 (GBP)
Organisation Santander Universities 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2017 
End 09/2017
 
Title C:N ratio data for ecotone forest soils in the eastern of Maracá Island, northern Brazilian Amazonia 
Description The dataset provides information on the soil C:N ratio of ecotone forests occurring in Maracá Ecological Station, a federal protected area formed by Maracá Island and small islets on the Uraricoera River, state of Roraima, northern Brazilian Amazonia. Sampling was carried out in the PPBio (Biodiversity Research Program) research grid located in the eastern of Maracá Island. 129 permanent plots (10 x 50 m each) were established along the six East-West grid trail (see grid details at https://ppbio.inpa.gov.br). Soil samples were taken (20 cm in depth) in 30 plots. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The data have been used to understand the forest dynamic in Ecotonal forests of the Amazon. 
URL https://www.narcis.nl/dataset/RecordID/oai%3Aeasy.dans.knaw.nl%3Aeasy-dataset%3A131935
 
Title Floristic composition in ecotone forests in northern Brazilian Amazonia: preliminary data 
Description We present a forest inventory carried out in 129 plots (10 m x 50 m; 6.45 ha in total) dispersed in a grid (5 km x 5 km) located in a forest zone ecotone in the eastern part of Maracá Ecological Station. All stems (tree + palm) with diameter at breast height = 10 cm were recorded, identified and measured. A total of 3040 stems were recorded (tree = 2815; palm = 225), corresponding to 42 botanic families and 140 identified species. Seven families and 20 genera contained unidentified taxa (12.2%). Sapotaceae (735 stems; 10 species), Leguminosae (409; 24) and Rubiaceae (289; 12) were the most abundant families. Peltogyne gracilipes Ducke (Leguminosae), Pradosia surinamensis (Eyma) T.D.Penn. (Sapotaceae) and Ecclinusa guianensis Eyma (Sapotaceae) were the species with the highest importance value index (~ 25%). The dominance (m2 ha-1) of these species corresponds to > 36% of the total value observed in the forest inventory. Our dataset provides complementary floristic and structure information on tree and palm in Maracá, improving our knowledge of this Amazonian ecotone forest. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The floristic survey conducted by this study expands our knowledge of forest structure and tree species composition in ecotone zones of the northern Brazilian Amazonia, improving our ability to predict changes in species composition and plant diversity when we take into account comparisons between previous forest inventories performed in Maracá. 
URL https://bdj.pensoft.net/article/47025/list/8/
 
Title Recensus permanent forest plots (Brazil-Acre, Bolivia) 
Description An international team of researchers and students recently traveled to the remote northeastern rainforests of Bolivia and southwestern Brazil to recensus permanent forest plots and sample charcoal and soil to understand the long-term centennial-scale effects of fire on forests. The fieldwork was part of the Ph.D. project by Luciana de Oliveira Pereira, a NERC-funded research Amazon Past Fire Project (PI Ted Feldpausch), and RAINFOR. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Will improve the knowledge about long-term centennial-scale effects of fire on forests 
URL http://www.rainfor.org/
 
Title contribute data to the database www.forestplots.net 
Description All field data from Amazonia collected through our project is stored on the international database www.forestplots.net. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Use of data from the database has directly led to the development of publications, including key papers in Nature and Science on topics related to the research project. 
 
Description Collaboration with the Eden Project to develop educational material in the Tropical Biome for the public about fire and climate change in tropical forests 
Organisation The Eden Project
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Ted Feldpausch contributed with scientific input to meetings with Eden Project staff at the University of Exeter and at the Eden Project site to develop educational material in the Tropical Biome for the public about fire and climate change in tropical forests.
Collaborator Contribution The Eden Project contributed to meetings at the University of Exeter and at the Eden Project site to discuss educational content and displays and developed the actual on-site materials in the Tropical Biome for the public about fire and climate change in tropical forests.
Impact public displays in the Eden Project Tropical Biome; video interviews that are posted to youtube on the effect of fire on tropical forests.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Developing new teaching and research collaboration with Centro de Biociências e Biotecnologia Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, Campos dos Goytacazes, Brazil 
Organisation State University of Norte Fluminense
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution In April 2020 Ted Feldpausch met with professors Carlos Rezende and Marcelo Nascimento to develop new teaching and research collaboration with Centro de Biociências e Biotecnologia Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, Campos dos Goytacazes, Brazil. We plan to sign a memorandum of understanding between the University of Exeter and Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense to further this partnership. My work has supported research in Atlantic Forest, Brazil fieldsites where they work.
Collaborator Contribution Profs Carlos Rezende and Marcelo Nascimento from the Centro de Biociências e Biotecnologia Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, Campos dos Goytacazes, Brazil have developed new teaching and research collaboration for this partnership.
Impact teaching and research exchanges
Start Year 2017
 
Description Fieldwork Acre and Bolivia: New collaboration 
Organisation Federal University of Acre
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As output of the fieldworks new collaboration were firmed with Federal University of Acre, Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales de la Amazonía Boliviana (Universidad Autónoma del Beni), and Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado (Universidad Autónoma Gabriel Rene). Two students from Federal University of Acre were trained to process the soil samples (lab methods). Six students from Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales de la Amazonía Boliviana, Universidad Autónoma del Beni were trained to collect the soil samples, charcoal radiocarbon dating, and vegetation census.
Collaborator Contribution They provide support regarding the logistic and people to be training at fieldwork.
Impact Several students were trained for future fieldwork.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Fieldwork Acre and Bolivia: New collaboration 
Organisation Gabriel René Moreno Autonomous University
Country Bolivia, Plurinational State of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As output of the fieldworks new collaboration were firmed with Federal University of Acre, Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales de la Amazonía Boliviana (Universidad Autónoma del Beni), and Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado (Universidad Autónoma Gabriel Rene). Two students from Federal University of Acre were trained to process the soil samples (lab methods). Six students from Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales de la Amazonía Boliviana, Universidad Autónoma del Beni were trained to collect the soil samples, charcoal radiocarbon dating, and vegetation census.
Collaborator Contribution They provide support regarding the logistic and people to be training at fieldwork.
Impact Several students were trained for future fieldwork.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Fieldwork Acre and Bolivia: New collaboration 
Organisation Technical University of Beni Mariscal José Ballivian
Country Bolivia, Plurinational State of 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As output of the fieldworks new collaboration were firmed with Federal University of Acre, Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales de la Amazonía Boliviana (Universidad Autónoma del Beni), and Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado (Universidad Autónoma Gabriel Rene). Two students from Federal University of Acre were trained to process the soil samples (lab methods). Six students from Instituto de Investigaciones Forestales de la Amazonía Boliviana, Universidad Autónoma del Beni were trained to collect the soil samples, charcoal radiocarbon dating, and vegetation census.
Collaborator Contribution They provide support regarding the logistic and people to be training at fieldwork.
Impact Several students were trained for future fieldwork.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus-AM, Brazil 
Organisation National Institute of Amazonian Research
Country Brazil 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution I co-supervise post-graduate students from the laboratory.
Collaborator Contribution Co-supervise post-graduate students and analyse soil samples collected through this project
Impact The collaboration resulted in two publications by post-docs from the project and one publication from an MSc student on the project.
Start Year 2016
 
Description James Cook University, Australia - Prof Michael Bird 
Organisation James Cook University
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Co-supervision of post-doc. Payment for sample analysis. Manuscript development.
Collaborator Contribution Analysis of pyrogenic carbon samples from soils from old-growth forests across Amazonia. Co-supervision of post-doc. Manuscript development.
Impact Two papers developed by post-docs.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency 
Organisation Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency
Country Japan 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Improve the methodology and expand the application of ALOS-PALSAR-2 images for estimate structural forest parameters.
Collaborator Contribution The ALOS-PALSAR-2 data will be provided by a new research agreement for the earth observation mission between the JAXA and the University of Exeter.
Impact We expect to publish 2 papers in Journal with high impact.
Start Year 2020
 
Description PRONAT - UFRR Universidade Federal de Roraima - Brazil 
Organisation Federal University of Roraima
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Co-supervision of post-graduate students. Collaboration in projects funded by Brazilian grants. Manuscript development.
Collaborator Contribution Collecting charcoal and soil. Samples process for analysis. Manuscript development.
Impact One paper published.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Universidade Federal Fluminense, Brazil - AMS Radiocarbon Laboratory - Prof Kita Macário 
Organisation Fluminense Federal University
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Co-supervision of post-graduate students. Support of the laboratory for sample analysis. Manuscript development.
Collaborator Contribution Radiocarbon dating of charcoal sampled from soil from old-growth forest plots across Amazonia. Co-supervision of post-graduate students. Manuscript development.
Impact Publication by MSc student from Brazil.
Start Year 2016
 
Description University of Queensland - Brisbane, Australia 
Organisation University of Queensland
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We bring our expertise from Amazonia forest ecology and fire to the work they are doing with atmospheric circulation, palaeo vegetation and fire analysis, and peat.
Collaborator Contribution They bring to our project expertise on atmospheric circulation, palaeo vegetation and fire analysis, and peat.
Impact We had a research meeting at UQ Brisbane to discuss results, draft a PhD advert, and draft a grant proposal.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Academic opportunities - UK 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact On April 2019, I gave a talk to the post-graduate students at National Institute for Space Research - Brazil about my research proposal and academic opportunities for foreign graduated and post-graduated at the United Kingdom
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Accessing the past fire to understand the C dynamic in the Amazon forest 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Public talk at Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi - Rio de Janeiro/Brazil
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Carbono pirogénico: un component poco conocido de los suelos forestales tropicales. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Talk in the "Foro Adapatacion al cambio climático em Colombia: El papel de los bosques nativos".
Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia,
Bogota - Colombia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Fieldwork training activities 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I undertook 3 fieldwork campaigns in the regions of Alta Floresta - MT, Tapajós- PA and Caxiuana - PA. In these field campaigns, undergraduate students and local people were involved and learnt how to do recensus vegetation and soil sampling. In average 18 people contribute to the recensus and 5 people learnt and helped in laboratory procedures.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Historical climatic, vegetational and human controls on Pyrogenic Carbon in Amazonia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Public talk at Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, São José dos Campos/SP - Brazil
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description New Insights into Pyro-fertilization of Amazonian soils 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk in the Ecology Group - University of Exeter.

We discussed whether the PyC, as a legacy of past fire, can drive Amazonia soil fertility and statistical analysis to answer this question.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Past and recent fire effects on Amazon forests: assessing dynamics from lidar and soil analysis 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk at National Institute for Space Research (INPE) especially attendance for postgraduate students of the TREEs group. After the talk, we could discuss different opinions about how ancient and recent fires are changing forest dynamics and methodologies to be used.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Public evening lecture at Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Evening public talk in Portuguese at the Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso, Brazil, a small rural university in Amazonia. Following the event I gave an interview with the local TV station (in Portuguese).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Research talk at the Centro de Biociências e Biotecnologia Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, Campos dos Goytacazes, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Ted Feldpausch presented a research talk on fire in Amazonia at the Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, Campos dos Goytacazes, Brazil
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description SAR DATA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I gave a talk to the Ecology group at the University of Exeter about my experience in modeling forest structure using Synthetic Aperture Radar /Remote sensing data.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Soil pyrogenic carbon stock in the northern of Amazon forest depends of ignition source distance and hydro-edaphic conditions 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Oral presentation selected for the BES, 2018 - BIRMINGHAM.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:GrNsqKZle0wJ:https://www.britishecologicalsoci...
 
Description Talk - Ecology laboratory group (Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact On April 2019, I gave a talk to the Ecology laboratory group at Juiz de Fora Federal University (Juiz de Fora-MG/ Brazil) about my research proposal and academic opportunities for foreign graduated and post-graduated at the United Kingdom.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.ufjf.br/ambienteconstruido/eventos-2/serie-vida-academica/
 
Description Talk at British Ecology Society conference - 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Oral presentation "The soil pyrogenic carbon stock in the northern of Amazon forest depends on ignition source distance and hydro-edaphic conditions" at BES, Birmingham 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Talk by Ted Feldpausch on the effects of fire on tropical forests at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation (ATBC) in Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, Southeast Asia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Ted Feldpausch presented a talk on the effects of fire on tropical forests at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation (ATBC) in Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia, Southeast Asia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Talk by Ted Feldpausch, "Historical fire in Amazonia: charcoal, soil, and plant functional traits" at the University of Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Ted Feldpausch presented the talk "Historical fire in Amazonia: charcoal, soil, and plant functional traits" at the University of Oxford
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Teaching at Universidade Federal de Roraima - Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Teaching R introduction to statistics and Experimental statistics to postgraduate students at Program in Natural Resources, Universidade Federal de Roraima, Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Teaching at Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Teaching a post-graduate course on tropical forest ecology to Brazilian students at the Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Training of Brazilian post-graduate students in field and lab methods - UNEMAT - Nova Xavantina, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Trained Brazilian post-graduate students in soil sampling and laboratory processing - UNEMAT - Nova Xavantina, Brazil, which led to them taking on leadership of the work, with one MSc and one PhD student developing independent research projects based on the training.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description University of Queensland, James Cook University, Univ of Exeter research workshop - Univ of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact We had a research workshop at UQ Brisbane to give talks to post-graduate students in the School of the Environment, discuss results, draft a PhD advert for future work, and draft a grant proposal. The topics focused on understanding the variation in historical fire in Amazonia, changing vegetation, and the role of atmospheric transport in carrying pyrogenic carbon into the wet interior of Amazonia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description leading training to collect soil and charcoal in Peru, Guyana and Colombia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Training for a group of researchers and students to teach the method to sample charcoal and soil for pyrogenic carbon analysis. This training was offered during the fieldwork campaign in Peru, Colombia, and Guyana.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description ¿Los Fuegos Pasados Explican la Dinámica de Carbono Actual de Los Bosques Amazónicos? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Public talk at Universidad Autónoma Gabriel René Moreno, Santa Cruz de la Sierra - Bolivia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description ¿Que nos revela los carbones de los bosque Amazonicos? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Public talk at Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco,
Cusco - Peru
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017