TAKING THE BITE OUT OF WETLANDS: MANAGING MOSQUITOES AND THE SOCIO-ECOLOGICAL VALUE OF WETLANDS FOR WELLBEING

Lead Research Organisation: University of Greenwich
Department Name: History, Politics & Social Sci., FACH

Abstract

Interest in the health and wellbeing impacts of wetlands has increased in the UK, in the context of both short and long term responses to extreme weather events and climate change. This is reflected in the UK Wetland Vision (Hume, 2008) that identifies a need to 'make wetlands more relevant to people's lives by better understanding and harnessing the benefits provided by naturally-functioning rivers and wetlands' (p.7). Expansion of wetlands can bring many benefits but it can also increase potential for mosquito-borne disease. There is a lack of knowledge about the consequences of wetland expansion for disease risk. This knowledge gap opens up space for speculation in the press and media about the perceived problems of 'killer' mosquitoes spreading across England, which can in turn fuel community unease and opposition to wetland creation and expansion. A key concern of the project is, therefore, to develop ecological interventions and guidance for diverse end-users to minimise mosquito-related problems, framed within and facilitated by a broader understanding of wetland value as impacted by mosquitoes. The potential contribution of wetland development to social and economic wellbeing envisaged in the UK Wetland Vision could be severely constrained by a failure to adequately address the risks imposed by mosquitoes and biting insects.

The overall aim of this project will be to show how positive socio-cultural and ecological values of wetlands can be maximised for wellbeing and negative attitudes reduced. Management interventions for use by Public Health England and general guidelines will be developed to limit the damaging effects of mosquito populations and enhance appreciation of the ecological value of mosquitoes in wetland ecosystems. The project will result in an increase in our understanding of wetland environments and demonstrate how ecological interventions embedded in a broader understanding of wetland valuation can deliver wellbeing benefits to a broad range of stakeholders.

There are four main objectives:

1) Development of a new conceptual place-based ecosystem services and wellbeing framework for understanding the impact of interventions and wetland values.

2) Exploration of the value of wetlands and mosquitoes in twelve case study locations.

3) Production of guidelines for valuing wetlands and managing mosquito populations to enhance the value of British wetlands for wellbeing.

4) Production of a place-based narrative on the socio-cultural, economic and ecological value of wetlands in British Society in the early years of the 21st Century.

There are divergent views of wetlands among different stakeholders. This project is therefore designed to provide technical interventions and general guidelines in a range of wetland management contexts to maximise wellbeing benefits. A range of stakeholders are potential beneficiaries of this research including land managers, non-governmental organisations, conservation groups, local residents, visitors and tourists among others. This research will help implementation of the Wetland Vision by understanding the complex ways in which wetlands are valued and produce measures to maximise wellbeing benefits and minimise disvalue. Benefits include: a) production of a range of technical interventions for mosquito control by end users; b) raising the social and cultural value of wetlands to facilitate wetland expansion in response to extreme weather and climate change; c) enhanced opportunities for visitors to wetlands and local residence to experience health and wellbeing benefits; d) increased opportunities for tourism and leisure by reducing anxiety associated with wetlands.

HUME, C. 2008. Wetland Vision Technical Document: overview and reporting of project philosophy and technical approach. The Wetland Vision Partnership.

Planned Impact

Within the timeframe of the project the main beneficiaries will be the end-users of the wetland sites chosen for our participant case-studies. We already have a strong network of partners and consultants in the project including Public Health England (PHE), Forest Research Institute, Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust, Natural England, Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust, Environment Agency. These project partners will help to ensure the relevance and impact of the project at regional and national level, while additional stakeholders will be recruited during the project to deepen the impact of the work into local communities. Examples include land managers (for instance local RSPB reserves, Wildlife Trusts), representatives of local communities, local business, charities, schools, action groups and others.
The partnership has been selected to include many key internationally recognised researchers in the field of environmental valuation and ecological understanding of mosquitoes across the arts, humanities and science. The project has been structured around development of a conceptual framework (WP1) that embeds valuation for ecosystem services within a novel interdisciplinary approach that prioritises end users and disciplinary collaboration. This could potentially impact a national and international audience interested in ecosystem services and the valuation of nature. In the medium and longer term it is hoped that the key project output "a place based narrative on the socio-cultural, economic and ecological value of wetlands in British Society in the early years of the 21st Century" will contribute to a national debate on the future of wetlands in our society. By raising awareness of the social value of wetlands for framing ecological interventions to maximise wellbeing we are creating the circumstances to facilitate successful wetland expansion and management in response to climate change and extreme weather.
PHE has a wealth of knowledge and experience of measures to control mosquitoes in wetland habitats, and currently works with a broad group of stakeholders largely on a case-by-case basis, 'fire-fighting' preventable mosquito problems. The results of our project will benefit PHE and the groups of stakeholders they work with by disseminating information widely to targeted personnel who will be in a better position to prevent problems before they arise. PHE would also benefit from an established social network through which it could disseminate urgent and longer-term information to appropriate end users, thereby supporting the social mandate of this UK governmental organisation. Wetland managers and environmental and conservation organisations, e.g. RSPB, EA, will benefit economically by implementing more cost-effective measures to maintain mosquito populations at acceptable levels, and they will benefit socially by gaining knowledge about mosquito ecology and the ecosystem benefits a diversity of mosquito species contribute to the food chain. This social value will, in turn, contribute to the capacity of wetland managers to disseminate their knowledge to end users of wetlands, particularly at an educational level. Communities accessing wetlands for recreation, appreciation of nature and sporting activities will benefit from increased health and well-being, and a renewed confidence and pride of place once the anxieties associated with wetlands have been addressed. Communities living in the vicinity of wetlands will benefit from the alleviation of anxiety that changes in the environment could have a negative impact on their health and well-being. In the long-term, this positive impact will add to their sense of security by knowing that the risk of flooding and the spread of mosquito-borne diseases in their communities is lessened by the existence of the wetlands

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title 'Four Seasons' short stories based on future scenarios 
Description A collection of four short stories based on the future scenarios generated from economic research, imagining wetlands in the year 2080. The stories were exhibited at the RGS exhibition, 'Reclaiming Wetland Values: Mud, Marsh and Wonder'. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2020 
Impact Interdisciplinary exchange with the economics academics regarding narrative uses in economic forecasting. 
 
Title 'Marginal Species' 
Description A short story based on the marginal species found on the Somerset Levels, inspired by fieldwork around the Avalon Marshes and the botanical surveys which take place there. The story responds to dominant cultural attitudes about wetlands, considering the portrayal of this environment as a liminal wasteland, the haunt of the marginal and, in various representations, the landscape of hell. Furthermore, 'Marginal Species' examines the association between wetlands and the feminine in myth and folklore, particularly with regard to how Nature-worshipping religions feminised marshlands, as well as thinking about how this landscape is still mythologised by the layers of meaning amassed through cultural outputs. 
Type Of Art Creative Writing 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact An extract of the story was read as part of our presentation, 'Sense of Place & Wellbeing in Wetlands: Using Film and the Arts to achieve SDG3' at the Ramsar Convention of Wetlands COP13 in Dubai and has also been developed into a youtube clip, both of which have been well-received, initiating further discussion about the importance of the arts and humanities in considering the value of wetlands. 
 
Title Mosquito Jenga 
Description Mosquito Jenga is a "science busk" developed by wetlandLIFE in collaboration with the British Ecological Society. The game is modelled on the tumbling tower game Jenga, but is modified so that layers of the tower are coloured to represent different organisms in a food chain. A large proportion of the blocks, coloured green and representing mosquitoes, are placed at the bottom of the tower, with fish that feed on mosquito larvae in smaller proportion on top of this, and a smaller still section placed on top to represent fish-feeding birds, with the final smallest layer on top to represent birds of prey. The game is played in the traditional way, with lower level supporting blocks removed, until the tower collapses. The player who can remove the most green mosquito blocks before the tower collapses wins. During game play, the facilitator explains the concepts of food chains, and how removal of species, such as mosquitoes, from the base levels of the chain can have knock on effects at other levels. Accompanying the game is a poster titled "Do Mosquitoes Really Suck?", which features unusual facts about mosquitoes. The game is intended to demonstrate physically a food chain in a fun way, provoke discussion about the place of "nuisance" species in the ecosystem, and to help contextualise the relationship between living organisms. 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact Mosquito Jenga has been used at eight national events by the wetlandLIFE project and British Ecological Society. It is estimated that over 1,000 people have engaged with the artefact and poster. Conversations during and after game play have indicated changed perceptions of "nuisance" species like mosquitoes following awareness that they are part of an ecosystem and contribute to the existence of other organisms within them, and even empathy for blood-feeding insects, upon explaining that female mosquitoes only blood feed to provide nutrients to develop their eggs. 
 
Title Reclaiming Wetland Values: Marsh, Mud and Wonder 
Description An exhibition at the Royal Geographic Society London from 27th Jan to 2nd Feb (World Wetlands Day). This was a collaborative exhibition with another Valuing Nature funded project called CoastWEB. The purpose of the exhibition was to create an interdisciplinary exploration of wetland values as revealed through the disciplinary approaches of the two projects. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2020 
Impact Approximately 1000 visitors engaged with the exhibition during the week it ran. The exhibition was also showcased as part of a Stakeholders day (31st Jan) which brought together key stakeholders involved in wetland management and policy development. In addition to the numbers of visitors an exhibition log book was completed and demonstrated the exhibition was very well received with comments including: 'This is wonderful! I love the interdisciplinary emphasis. I'm a straight botanist and this has opened my eyes", and "We came down from Cumbria and this was more interesting and climate change related than the Natural History Museum. Well Done. 
URL https://valuing-nature.net/https%3A//valuing-nature.net/wetlandvalues
 
Title WALKING in WET 
Description short film to celebrate world wetland day 2020 two artists walk in alkborough flats 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2020 
Impact available on social media VIMEO and facebook Viewer nubers not known 
 
Title WETLANDS on WHEELS 
Description Artists Kerry Morrison and Helmut Lemke discuss Photography, Ducks and their latest project 'Wetlands on Wheels' in this silent movie. filmed in Millenium Park / Bedfordshire 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact the short film is available on social media Vimeo & Facebook Viewer numbers are not known 
 
Title WetlandLIFE Story Dice 
Description The WetlandLIFE Story Dice is modelled on popular story dice games, which feature images to generate stories. WetlandLIFE Story Dice are similarly designed to consider narratological structures by including images and words which could function or be interpreted as the essential ingredients for a story: setting, character, complication and resolution. However WetlandLIFE Story Dice are geared towards the specificity of wetland environments, the first die therefore listing six wetland settings, such as 'wet woodland', 'reedbed', whilst the second die contains images of six characters who frequent wetlands, including for instance, a family and a birdwatcher. The third die contains the complication, in the form of wetland nuisances and problems, such as 'biting insects' and 'mismanagement' before the fourth die offers some possible resolutions for potential wetland problems, such as 'interviews with residents' and 'local knowledge' drawing on the research exemplified by WetlandLIFE. Though the dice game contains these foundational ingredients, it is not intended to be prescriptive; the nature of rolling a set of dice mean that in terms of probability there are no 'neat' scenarios, and for that reason, a fifth die includes images of 'random' factors which ensure the organic nature of story construction. Guidelines provided advise either using the four foundational ingredients to construct a story (using any combination of images and words rolled) or by using a sentence prompt, such as 'Reluctantly, they left behind...' before constructing a plot from the dice rolled. The WetlandLIFE Story Dice are designed to generate and initiate discussion about wetlands and to consider the importance of storytelling in creating value for wetland spaces. 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The WetlandLIFE Story Dice were used at the Valuing Nature Conference 2018 and were well-received, generating both stories and discussions. 
 
Title WetlandLIFE Word Hide 
Description The WetlandLIFE Word Hide was an interactive space designed to encourage observation, reflection and creativity in thinking about the interconnection of nature and narrative. Inspired by manmade structures in nature, particularly the bird hide, the Word Hide uses text and texture to consider how language and narrative shape. Part bird hide, part writers' shed, it was inspired by the Hide and Seek Project - which reframed traditional bird hides as story repositories - and was filled with creative writing activities to engage visitors during the both the Valuing Nature Annual Conference and RGS 'Reclaiming Wetland Values: Mud, Marsh and Wonder Exhibition'. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact It featured prominently in feedback from RGS exhibition, highlighted in tweets and the visitor book. 
 
Title exploration 1 
Description How to Enjoy Wetlands (not only) on WORLD WETLAND DAY! 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact the short film is available on social media Vimeo & Facebook Viewer numbers are not known. feedback: funny, genius. 
 
Title the REEDING 
Description a short film celebrating World wetland Day 2020. two artists write on reeds, and read . 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2020 
Impact available on social media VIMEO and facebook Viewer nubers not known 
 
Title wetland drawings 
Description 3 drawings from wetland research were included in Exhibition "The Surplus Value of Sound" Bury Art Museum & Sculoture Centre / Nov 2019 - Feb 2020 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2019 
Impact bury art gallery and sculpture museum has hugh visitors numbers. visitors loved the exhibition! 
 
Description Key achievements include:

1. The production of a 'Wetland Mosquito Survey handbook'. The book provides an overview of the biology, ecology and behaviour of British mosquitoes in wetlands, provides details of strategies for surveying mosquitoes, as well as species-specific details on the kinds of aquatic habitats that support British mosquitoes. It also includes details of the legal frameworks surrounding pest management as relates to mosquitoes and an assessment of the current risks associated with future mosquito-borne disease in the UK. http://wetlandlife.org/project-outputs

2. The publication of a book titled 'English Wetlands: Spaces of Nature, Culture and Imagination. Written by WetlandLIFE team members Mary Gearey, Andrew Church and Neil Ravenscroft, this book argues that to understand wetlands is to understand human development. Using case studies drawn from three English wetlands, the book moves between empirical research and scholarship to interrogate how these particular ecosystems have played an essential part in the development of our contemporary society; yet inhabit a strange place in our national psyche. http://wetlandlife.org/project-outputs

3. Developing the idea of interdisciplinary working and 'epistemological equality'. These concepts are being written up in the projects final report and being prepared for publication. The outputs have been delayed as a result of covid.

4. Promotion of the importance of arts-baed research to understand the values and dis-values of wetlands. This body of work emerged during the project and included a Wetlands on Wheels caravan (which also received funding from the Arts Council), a Hide and Seek project which involved repurposing bird hides on the Somerset Levels as creative places to share stories, memories and experiences of wetlands, a photo-essay exploring the diverse contexts of wetlands in England. This ABR strand facilitated an interdisciplinary exhibition called 'Reclaiming wetland values: Marsh, mud and wonder' at the Royal Geographic Society in collaboration with the Valuing Nature project Coastweb https://valuing-nature.net/sites/default/files/documents/PROJECT/ReclaimingWetlandValues-ExhibitionGuide-FINAL-LoRes.pdf. Members of the Wetlandlife team helped to produce the publication 'Valuing arts and research' (https://valuing-nature.net/valuing-arts-and-arts-research) and are involved in a new project funded by AHRC called AALERT 4DM (https://research.reading.ac.uk/aalert/project/)

5. The project resulted in important international collaborations including holding a side event at the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands COP13 in Dubai, October 2018 called 'Sense of Place & Wellbeing in Wetlands: Using Film and the Arts to achieve SDG3'. Wetlandlife was also featured on the BBC Southeast Today News: 'Inside/Out', a 20-minute news item with members of the WetlandLIFE team filmed on the North Kent Marshes where historically malaria was rife. Broadcast nationally on 28 October 2019, the programme highlighted the history of mosquitoes in the UK, their disvalues and values. Finally, five members of the WetlandLIFE team (historian, entomologist, social scientist and artists) participated in this Rachel Carson Legacy Symposium organized by the Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society in Germany, October 2019. A book in Routledge's Environment and Sustainability series is in preparation for publication in 2021, with contributions from the WetlandLIFE team.
Exploitation Route One key pathway to impact is through the publication in 2020 of our handbook, the "Wetland Mosquito Survey Handbook: Assessing suitability of British wetlands for mosquitoes". This has given those undertaking wetland restoration, conservation and creation projects the information and tools necessary to manage public perceptions around perceived and actual risks from mosquitoes, as well as guidance on ecological assessment of mosquito species that may be on site, important background on risks associated with them, if any, and ways to manage them should the need arise. The production of this guide undertaken alongside Public Health England was a key focus throughout the project.

In addition WetlandLIFE placed interdisciplinary working at the centre of its project management. Insights from the project are being taken forward in the AALERT 4DM AHRC funded project and are being prepared for a diverse audience through a project final report and associated journal publication. The project team feel that there is a lot of interdisciplinary learning that can contribute to academic and non-academic audiences moving forward.
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://wetlandlife.org
 
Description Summary of impact developing across work packages. Pathways to Impact, Communities: The WetlandLIFE team are developing novel ways to engage communities with the idea of wetlands and mosquitoes. Examples include: Mosquito Jenga (a game designed for any age group to learn about mosquitoes (see section on engagement activities); wetland story cubes (a dice game allowing families to create their own stories about wetlands); Hide and Seek initiative (transforming bird hides into places for sharing wetland stories, agreement with Natural England to run a pilot on the Avalon Marshes); published short story (Marginal Species) (see engagement section); the Community Voice Method provided the opportunity to contribute to the Somerset Wildlife Trust's Humans of the Levels project (see engagement activities) allowing us to reach over 1200 of their followers on facebook; The creation of Wetlands on Wheels performance activity facilitated a new space for creative encounters between the public, stakeholders and the WetlandLIFE team allowing new perceptions, values and knowledge to emerge amongst the diverse stakeholders. An example of International community impact is starting to develop is the meetings with Croatian NGO PowerProgressiveArt who were inspired by the WetlandLIFE approach (see engagement activities). We are continuing to reach out to people through our website (http://www.wetlandlife.org/) through blogs, news, photo-essay. Our home page has received 41,637 hits (see engagement activities). It is the culmination of all the activities from different work packages that are developing community impact for the project. Pathways to Impact, Policy Makers: A 2nd key pathway to impact is linking the research to policy makers. At the moment this is most clearly demonstrated by our involvement in RAMSAR (see engagement activities) and conversations that are developing with Defra, WWT and various NGOs and at the local government level. In particular, the partnership with Forest of Marston Vale and working with them to develop their understand of the importance of the arts for their work. The publication in 2020 of our handbook, the "Wetland Mosquito Survey Handbook: Assessing suitability of British wetlands for mosquitoes", has given those undertaking wetland restoration, conservation and creation projects the information and tools necessary to manage public perceptions around perceived and actual risks from mosquitoes, as well as guidance on ecological assessment of mosquito species that may be on site, important background on risks associated with them, if any, and ways to manage them should the need arise. One example of the handbook being taken up in practice is by Natural Resources Wales, who contacted the wetlandLIFE project about how to deal with public concerns about mosquito nuisance and disease that have arisen during the early stages of a large, EU-funded £4 million upland peat bog restoration project called New LIFE For Welsh Raised Bogs (https://naturalresources.wales/about-us/our-projects/nature-projects/new-life-for-welsh-raised-bogs/?lang=en), which is supported by the Welsh Government and Snowdonia National Park Authority. The Natural Resources Wales project team are implementing the handbook recommendations and tools, and using the ecological and socio-cultural findings from wetlandLIFE to engage with the local community who have raised questions about mosquito issues that might arise at the peat bog restoration sites. Additionally, we are supporting them by providing mosquito traps they can use in implementing a surveillance programme to assess the mosquitoes on site, which can then form the evidence-base for their discussions with the local community, rather than relying on speculation or prevailing (usually negative) narratives on the issues. The handbook is thereby helping to remove obstacles that may inhibit progress in implementing projects such as these, and allow the full array of socio-cultural, ecological and economic benefits of wetland restoration to be realised, in a way that meaningfully engages with communities and their concerns.
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Government, Democracy and Justice
Impact Types Societal

 
Description Assessing British wetlands for mosquitoes & managing public perceptions of disease risk
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The publication in 2020 of our handbook, the "Wetland Mosquito Survey Handbook: Assessing suitability of British wetlands for mosquitoes", has given those undertaking wetland restoration, conservation and creation projects the information and tools necessary to manage public perceptions around perceived and actual risks from mosquitoes, as well as guidance on ecological assessment of mosquito species that may be on site, important background on risks associated with them, if any, and ways to manage them should the need arise. One example of the handbook being taken up in practice is by Natural Resources Wales, who contacted the wetlandLIFE project about how to deal with public concerns about mosquito nuisance and disease that have arisen during the early stages of a large, EU-funded £4 million upland peat bog restoration project called New LIFE For Welsh Raised Bogs (https://naturalresources.wales/about-us/our-projects/nature-projects/new-life-for-welsh-raised-bogs/?lang=en), which is supported by the Welsh Government and Snowdonia National Park Authority. The Natural Resources Wales project team are implementing the handbook recommendations and tools, and using the ecological and socio-cultural findings from wetlandLIFE to engage with the local community who have raised questions about mosquito issues that might arise at the peat bog restoration sites. Additionally, we are supporting them by providing mosquito traps they can use in implementing a surveillance programme to assess the mosquitoes on site, which can then form the evidence-base for their discussions with the local community, rather than relying on speculation or prevailing (usually negative) narratives on the issues. The handbook is thereby helping to remove obstacles that may inhibit progress in implementing projects such as these, and allow the full array of socio-cultural, ecological and economic benefits of wetland restoration to be realised, in a way that meaningfully engages with communities and their concerns.
URL http://www.wetlandlife.org/project-outputs
 
Description AALERT 4 DM - Arts and Artists in Landscape and Environment Research Today for Decision Making
Amount £99,968 (GBP)
Funding ID AH/T012471/1 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2020 
End 01/2022
 
Description Arts Council of England funding for developping Wetland on Wheels - Grantium Funding
Amount £11,575 (GBP)
Organisation Arts Council England 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2019 
End 12/2019
 
Description Living Coast: Understanding Local Community Perspectives and Values
Amount £70,831 (GBP)
Organisation Department For Environment, Food And Rural Affairs (DEFRA) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2018 
End 03/2019
 
Title Dataset on volunteer responses on the value and benefits associated with voluntary work at wetland sites 
Description The dataset records how volunteers working on wetlands view the value of their own time and the reasons why they volunteer. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact None so far 
 
Title Expert responses on drivers and magnitude of future mosquito related nuisance and disease risk associated with mosquitos 
Description The database describes what factors mosquito experts think will create change in future mosquito related nuisance and disease risk 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact N/A 
 
Title Survey of mosquito species across coastal, arable and urban environments in England 
Description We surveyed mosquito populations across a range of wetland habitats, including urban, agricultural and coastal environments, to assess the range of mosquito species present throughout the year. The data collected is valuable for the purposes of identification of which wetland areas are prone to high populations of mosquito species that are a mild to severe nuisance and species that could pose a threat of transmitting parasites/pathogens to humans and/or domestic animals (especially horses). 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The site managers at each of the 12 study sites worked closely with the project entomologists to ensure they were fully aware of the value of the surveys in relation to the management of wetlands. Each site manager was provided with a summary of our findings with specific reference to their sites and encouraged to use the data to help prevent periods of biting nuisance. 
 
Title WetlandLIFE economic valuation simulator 
Description The WetlandLIFE economic valuation simulator calculates the value of wetlands and the impact of mosquitos on the benefits provided by wetlands. 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2020 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The model will calculate the value of wetlands and the impacts arising from mosquito impacts 
 
Description Mosquitopia 
Organisation The Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society (RCC)
Country Germany 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Presentations, filmed video contribution and discussion at international symposium (https://networks.h-net.org/node/73374/announcements/4060638/cfp-mosquitopia-place-pests-healthy-world-symposium). Developing ideas on whether mosquitoes could/should be eradicated using a diverse range of disciplinary approaches.
Collaborator Contribution Organising and financing Mosquitopia symposium and subsequent coordination of book preparations for publication.
Impact Blog 1: https://seeingthewoods.org/2019/10/23/mosquitopia-part-1-killing-mosquitoes-the-pros-and-cons/ Blog 2: https://seeingthewoods.org/2019/10/24/mosquitopia-part-2-a-few-reasons-for-saving-mosquitoes/ Blog 3: https://seeingthewoods.org/2019/10/25/mosquitopia-part-3-key-reasons-for-killing-mosquitoes/ Video: https://vimeo.com/376387214 (currently password protected, available on request) Book abstract in development with Routledge Multi-disciplinary collaboration, including natural science (entomology, biology), public health, history, environmental history, art, social science, anthropology, bioethics, ethics and philosophy.
Start Year 2019
 
Description Ramsar Culture Network 
Organisation Wetlands International
Country Netherlands 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Provide updates on wetlands related publications, academic events, conferences, public lectures, workshops and other activities.
Collaborator Contribution Provide the University of Brighton with updates on relevant publications, academic events, conferences, public lectures, workshops and other activities.
Impact Outcomes include an awareness of global activities and publications related to wetlands for those who are actively supporting the Ramsar Convention on wetlands.
Start Year 2019
 
Description 'Just a troublesome nuisance?: The challenge of mosquitoes in the temperate zone - a case study of the British Mosquito Control Institute', Mosquitopia? The Place of Pests in a Healthy World (Landshut, Germany). 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk on project research at 'Mosquitopia? The Place of Pests in a Healthy World', invitational symposium, sponsored by Rachel Carson Center (Munich), and held in Landshut, Germany, 24-27 October 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://seeingthewoods.org/2019/10/23/mosquitopia-part-1-killing-mosquitoes-the-pros-and-cons/
 
Description 'The "gravity of the menace" from the temperate to the tropical: The British Mosquito Control Institute and the challenge of the indigenous mosquito' (University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Academic presentation at 3rd World Congress of Environmental History, University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil, 24 July 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description A presentation to the Brighton and Hove branch of the Geographical Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Around 50 pupils from sixth form colleges from East and West Sussex and Kent came along to my talk along with their teachers. Also in the audience were other geography teachers and geographers in other professions. I talked widely on the subject of 'Renaturing cities: climate change adaptation to reduce flood risk.' I talked with students and teachers afterwards, inviting them to contact me if they had any specific questions. I have since been invited to write articles for two practitioner, peer-reviewed journals: Geography Teacher and Geography.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.geography.org.uk/write/MediaUploads/Get%20involved/GA_branch_brighton2018.pdf
 
Description A wild escape in Hong Kong. Blog posting for the School of Environment and Technology website, University of Brighton. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Blog sharing details of a visit to Mai Po wetlands in Hong Kong, December 2019 as part of WetlandLIFE outreach.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://blogs.brighton.ac.uk/geography/2019/01/04/a-wild-escape-in-hong-kong/
 
Description BBC Southeast Today News, InsideOut 28 Oct, 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A 20 minute story filmed on the Hoo Peninsula, Kent where malaria transmission was rife until the last century when housing was modernised, protecting people from infective mosquito bites. The aim of the programme was to highlight the presence of mosquitoes in the UK, the terrible nuisance they can cause when environmental conditions favour mosquito breeding, e.g., during floods on arable land, coastal sites and even urban areas. Although there are no mosquito-borne diseases currently in the UK, it is vital that we continue monitoring mosquito presence to prevent potential outbreaks.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description China-UK Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Communities Leadership Workshop, Xian, China, 27th to 29th June 2018. Jointly funded by the British Government's Newton Fund and the National Natural Science Federation of China. This workshop brought together 20 Chinese and 20 UK researchers. Presentation title: 'Building inclusive community networks through renaturing cities; the case for developing urban wetlands as an economic, social and environmental resource 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact China-UK Urban Regeneration and Sustainable Communities Leadership Workshop, Xian, China, 27th to 29th June 2018. Jointly funded by the British Government's Newton Fund and the National Natural Science Federation of China. This workshop brought together 20 Chinese and 20 UK researchers. Presentation title: 'Building inclusive community networks through renaturing cities; the case for developing urban wetlands as an economic, social and environmental resource
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.innovationcci.port.ac.uk/2018/07/uk-china-workshop-on-urban-regeneration-in-xian/
 
Description Coastal wetlands and photography for valuing nature / Royal Geographic Society / 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A prfesentation given at the Royal Geographic Society annual Conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Edgelands: wetlands as pluriverse spaces of being-with, being alone & not-being was the title of the talk. Audience engaged with the concept of wetlands as spaces where sense of place and identity making is dynamic and contingent.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Conference presentation at the IAESP Conference Liverpool April 2019: Edgelands: wetlands as liminal spaces of remembrance 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The conference was organised by the International Association for the study of Space, Place and Environment. Around 55 people were in the audience for the presentation. The theme was connected to landscape practices and I have been invited to submit a paper to their journal.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://networks.h-net.org/node/73374/announcements/3277254/15th-annual-conference-international-ass...
 
Description EMERALD, BLUE, SILVER AND GOLD, PowerProgressiveArt Interdisciplinary Conference, Mljet Croatia, 15th -20th October 'A Room with a View: Observing nature and narrative through the bird hide' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Croatian NGO PowerProgressiveArt's new project EMERALD, BLUE, SILVER AND GOLD, to produce a documentary of the island of Mljet from an interdisciplinary perspective was inspired in part by WetlandLIFE's side event at the Ramsar Convention COP in October 2018, titled, 'Sense of Place & Wellbeing in Wetlands: Using Film and the Arts to achieve SDG3. I was invited to discuss my involvement in WetlandLIFE from an arts and humanities perspective and discussed the storytelling outputs of the Hide & Seek Project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Economic and Futures Mosquito Scenarios Exhibits 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Valuing Nature Programme Coastweb and WetlandLife Exhibition at the Royal Geographical Society, London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://valuing-nature.net/wetlandvalues
 
Description Emerald, Blue, Silver and Gold: Croatia's Treasure Island 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blogpost about my reflections of the Emerald, Blue, Silver and Gold Project conference run by Croatian NGO PowerProgressiveArt in Mljet.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.wetlandlife.org/latest/59-emerald-blue-silver-and-gold-croatia-s-treasure-island
 
Description English Wetlands and mosquitoes: economics, values and risks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Valuing Nature Partnership Annual Conference presentation at the Royal Society in London
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://nbn.org.uk/event/valuing-nature-annual-conference-2019/
 
Description English Wetlands and mosquitoes: economics, values and risks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Valuing Nature Programme Coastweb and WetlandLife Presentation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://valuing-nature.net/wetlandvalues
 
Description Festival of Nature 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Project member Dr Frances Hawkes received public engagement training from the British Ecological Society (BES), with whom she went on to develop a "science busk" - a game the public can play that conveys scientific principles or information in a fun way. Dr Hawkes conceived, designed and built "Mosquito Jenga" with support from BES. This game is based on the tumbling blocks game "Jenga" and demonstrates in a dynamic way how mosquitoes support other organisms in the food chain. Mosquitoes are represented by mosquito blocks at the base of the tower and support other organism blocks, represented by fish, garden bird and bird of prey blocks resting on the mosquito blocks - removing the mosquito blocks from the base of the "food chain" causes the tower of other organisms to collapse. The game can be played by any age group. Accompanying the game is a poster with interesting little-known facts about mosquitoes, for example their role in pollination and how male mosquitoes feed on nectar like butterflies. The game is intended to help answer the common question posed by the public to those working on pests such as mosquitoes. "What is the point of a mosquito?" by showing how organisms connect in a food chain, but also providing a departure point for a discussion about mosquito ecology and their role in disease transmission. The busk was taken to Festival of Nature 2017 and was available for visitors to play at the BES stand. The Festival ran from 9-11 June 2017. The 9th June was Schools Day, were hundreds of primary school children played Mosquito Jenga, linking to their National Curriculum topics on food chains. Over the weekend of 10-11th June, the event was open to the public and at least 521 members of the public played Mosquito Jenga and engaged with Dr Hawkes and other BES staff about mosquito ecology and biology in the UK and overseas. Common responses from members of the public included an endearing response to know that mosquitoes only eat blood to help provide nutrition for their developing eggs, and an appreciation that they are an important food source for many other animals, such as frogs, birds and bats. The were interesting discussions with the public about topics such as "Should we eradicate mosquitoes?" and "Why are some people more attractive to mosquitoes than others?".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.bnhc.org.uk/festival-of-nature/
 
Description Ford (2018) Bridging the epistemological divide for the management of our seas and coasts, Society and the Sea Conference, 6th-7th September 2018, Greenwich Maritime Centre, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This paper drew upon our approaches in WetlandLIFE of including arts, humanities and social sciences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.gre.ac.uk/society-and-the-sea
 
Description Ford (2018), "Using Community Voice Method to understand people-wetland relationships", Valuing Nature conference, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK, 12th to 14th November 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference presentation at the annual Valuing Nature Conference titled - Using Community Voice Method to understand people-wetland relationships (Ford 2018)

Abstract: Community Voice Method (CVM) is a participatory social sciences method which uses filmed interviews and deliberative workshops to encourage local stakeholders in discourse and problem solving. In WetlandLIFE (a Valuing Nature project) CVM is being used to engage a diverse range of stakeholders that are interested in the management of their local wetlands. We are producing placed-based documentaries for each of our three main study areas in England, featuring members of the local communities including farmers, site managers, volunteers and recreational wetland users. The interviews address topics including sense of place, 3D social wellbeing, ecosystem services, risk perception and landscape changes, to reveal the relationships that people have with their local wetlands and with mosquitoes. As well as understanding the impact of wetlands and nature in people's lives, the approach will also help identify factors for the future management of wetlands in the context of health and wellbeing.

Positive response to the approach we have been using and to the film clip shared.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://valuing-nature.net/ValNat18/SessionD4
 
Description Gearey, M; Ravenscroft, N; Church, A. (2018). 'WetlandLIFE: Outlining the 'place-based narratives' research.' Valuing Nature conference, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK, 12th to 14th November 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gearey, M; Ravenscroft, N; Church, A. (2018). 'WetlandLIFE: Outlining the 'place-based narratives' research.' Valuing Nature conference, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, UK, 12th to 14th November 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://valuing-nature.net/valuing-nature-conferences
 
Description Gearey, M; Ravenscroft, N; Church, A. (2018).'Community volunteering within urban and rural English wetlands: curating new civic identities, supporting health and wellbeing'. Royal Geographical Society Conference, University of Cardiff, Cardiff, UK, 28th to 31st August 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Gearey, M; Ravenscroft, N; Church, A. (2018).'Community volunteering within urban and rural English wetlands: curating new civic identities, supporting health and wellbeing'. Royal Geographical Society Conference, University of Cardiff, Cardiff, UK, 28th to 31st August 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://news.rgs.org/post/158470923703/rgs-ibg-annual-international-conference-2018
 
Description Guided public walks 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Two free guided public walks, exploring mosquito ecology at Millennium Country Park in Bedford (August 2019), with practical activities including pond dipping and adult mosquito sampling. Part of the Wetlands On Wheels activities on site. These walks generated some very interesting conversations about the role of these insects in the food chain, with participants expressing new-found interest in and even appreciation for mosquitoes. There were also lots of questions about some of the common myths surrounding mosquitoes and there was great interest in knowing more about the science that supports of refutes these myths.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.marstonvale.org/Blog/why-mosquitos-arent-all-bad-blog
 
Description Helping Isaac find his apple: promoting the University of Brighton's involvement in the WetlandLIFE project at the Royal Society, London, October 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This blog was posted on the University of Brighton's Centre for Aquatic Environments website. The aim was to share and disseminate outputs from the Brighton team's presentation at the final Valuing Nature conference in London October 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Heritage Open Day - Hidden Nature: "Insects in the Archives" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The University of Greenwich opened it's doors to the public, virtually, for a week-long series of events as part of a Heritage Open Day (https://www.heritageopendays.org.uk/about), the largest festival of history and culture in England. Dr Hawkes prepared a video about the history of British mosquito research in the UK, highlighting the archival samples of 100-year-old mosquitoes collected across the UK by the British Mosquito Control Institute, and the personality, John Frederick Marshall, who founded and ran the Institute. This video was shared as part of a live webinar followed by a live Q and A session with members of the public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.heritageopendays.org.uk/
 
Description Hide & Seek Project (Avalon Marshes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact After extensive research on the Somerset Levels and having used bird hides for my own creative practice, two birds hides on the Avalon Marshes on the Somerset Levels were turned into story repositories. The Creativity and Memory Hides contained folk stories, book recommendations, poetry and creative writing prompts to kindle engagement with wetland visitors and to promote the interconnection of nature and narrative. Participants were able to contribute to the Hide & Seek storytelling network by sharing their stories, poems, drawings and memories on postcards which were then digitised on the WetlandLIFE website. Encouraging reflection, observation and wellbeing, the hides disseminated over 500 postcards from featured award-winning poets, Suzannah Evans and Hugh Dunkerley and received over 200 visitor postcard contributions from the general public, included one poem we went on to showcase in the hides and website as our 'Featured Writer' poem.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL http://www.wetlandlife.org/hide-seek
 
Description Hide & Seek Project online storytelling network 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Hide & Seek online storytelling network ran concurrently with the Hide & Seek installations on the Avalon Marshes designed to engage wetland visitors in a creative and reflective capacity. It digitised the postcard contributions we received from the general public and included interviews with our three 'Featured Writers', whose poems were showcased in the bird hides (printed on postcards) which visitors could take away with them as a memento of their visit and to encourage a creative exchange, so that they might be tempted to leave a postcard contribution in return. As well as an abundance of creative pieces, we received a lot of contributions recording visitors' memories, their reflections about the landscape and comments about general wellbeing: 'What a beautiful place to come on an overcast August day. Food for the soul.'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL http://www.wetlandlife.org/hide-seek/visitor-contributions
 
Description Hide & Seek: A Room with a View 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blogpost about the rationale behind the inception of the Hide & Seek Project, designed to promote the ethos of the project - about the democratisation of storytelling - as well as practical information about location of hides. The blog was shared on Natural England Avalon Marshes website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.wetlandlife.org/hide-seek/news/45-a-room-with-a-view
 
Description Humans of the Levels (Somerset Wildlife Trust) - contribution of stories 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Through our fieldwork in Somerset (Community Voice Method) we have been able to make several contributions of photos & stories from local people to Somerset Wildlife Trust's Humans of the Levels project, the aim of which is to tell stories about people in the levels and build a positive community with a sense of place. The project has over 1200 followers on Facebook.
Comments to our contributions include "beautiful and inspiring", "wow", comments about seriousness of climate change, and requests of the story subject to do talks on wildlife recordings etc.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.facebook.com/humansofthelevels/
 
Description Introducing mosquitoes from the temperate world to the tropics (or, from Hampshire to Haiti, and from Portsmouth to Panama) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Reflections for the project website's latest news page on the presentation of historical research at the 3rd World Congress of Environmental History Organizations in Florianópolis, Brazil, a Congress that met every 5 years since 2009.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.wetlandlife.org/latest/52-introducing-mosquitoes-from-the-temperate-world-to-the-tropics-...
 
Description Invited presentation by Mary Gearey to the World Wildlife Fund's Mai Po Nature Reserve staff and visitors from Shenzen, China, Hong Kong December 19th 2018. Entitled: 'Taking the bite out of wetlands: managing mosquitoes and the socio-ecological value of wetlands for wellbeing: WetlandLIFE' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation by Mary Gearey to the World Wildlife Fund's Mai Po Nature Reserve staff and visitors from Shenzen, China, Hong Kong December 19th 2018. Entitled: 'Taking the bite out of wetlands: managing mosquitoes and the socio-ecological value of wetlands for wellbeing: WetlandLIFE'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Mary Gearey visit to meet with Dr Maureen O'Connor, School of English, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland, June 20th-21st 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog to promote a networking meeting between myself and Dr Maureen O'Connor from the School of English, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. The visit was in June 2019. Dr O'Connor researches the literary and other cultural influences that bogs and wetlands have upon the Irish psyche. There was much to discuss and share.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Mosquito Jenga 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Mosquito Jenga has been developed by the wetlandLIFE project team and the British Ecological Society (see separate entry under Creative Outputs). As examples, Mosquito Jenga has been used at (but not limited to) the following events:

12th March 2019 - British Science Week, Eureka! national children's museum. 102 interactions on stall. Mosquito Jenga used to communicate food chains to children and parents.
4th February 2019 - University of Birmingham. 70 final year conservation and geography students interacted with Mosquito Jenga. Featured Mosquito Jenga poster in a 2 hour public engagement workshop as an effective communication tool.
19th July 2018 - British Ecological Society, Undergraduate Summer School, Malham Tarn FSC. 50 students, 1st and 2nd year undergraduate students in biological sciences. Used Mosquito Jenga as an example of an effective activity in a public engagement workshop.
23rd - 24th May 2018 - BES/UK Conservation Agencies Symposium: Securing Our Natural Environment for Future Generations. 228 delegates (academics and conservation agency workers), and 37 direct interactions (additional observers uncounted). Used Mosquito Jenga as an example of BES Public Engagement work, encouraging collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
 
Description Mosquito jenga engagement activity at annual Valuing Nature Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A mosquito Jenga game, developed by WetlandLIFE team member Frances Hawkes, was used as an engagement activity at the annual Valuing Nature conference in 2017. See separate entry for more details about the game.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description News stories: "What are Wetlands Worth?"; "Caught on Camera - the Wonder of Wetlands"; "Discover a different side to mosquitoes this World Mosquito Day with WetlandLIFE" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Three news articles/press releases on the website of the Natural Resources Institute. Articles disseminated via institute's weekly newsletter, Facebook, Twitter and other social media. These articles reflect a range of the creative approaches taken in the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2019,2020
URL https://www.nri.org/latest/latest-overview
 
Description Newton Researcher Links Workshop South Africa - Research capacity for sustainable ecosystem-based management of estuaries and coasts, 19-21 June 2018, Oceanographic Research Institute, Durban, South Africa 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Newton Researcher Links Workshop South Africa - Research capacity for sustainable ecosystem-based management of estuaries and coasts, 19-21 June 2018, Oceanographic Research Institute, Durban, South Africa.
Dr Adriana Ford was a funded participant and presented a poster for WetlandLIFE titled: "Taking the Bite Out of Wetlands understanding people-wetland relationships
from a health and wellbeing perspective in the context of mosquito management."

The workshop provided opportunity for sharing research expertise and networking between UK and South African ECRs, along with SA government, academics and NGOs (30 participants + organisers), with a focus on building up links for future collaborations. Made positive connection with Prof Trevor Hill, University of KwaZulu-Natal, working on wetlands in SA, who is interested in possible collaborations using Community Voice Method. Our interdisciplinary approaches and use of social sciences and arts/humanities was of particular interest to research participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Once bitten: Environmental values and risks - the case of English wetlands and mosquitoes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Envecon Conference 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.uknee.org.uk/envecon
 
Description Performative happening 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Research took place at Alkborough flats and 2 Wetland sites in Bedfordshire in 2018. Research was conducted for 6 days at each site,
ON SITE RESEARCH was conducted as a performative happening at each site arranged around a bespoke cart, which we trundled into the sites. The cart was the studio, the repository for our equipment and resources, our shelter, our desk, our hub.
Our approach was performative and socially engaging: making visible what we do as artists and researchers engaging with wetlands and the people we meet as we go about our work. Through a process of art whereby art is a verb (the doing) we immersed ourselves in the wetland landscapes, raising curiosity through creating a point of focal point of interest to spark conversations about wetland life and valuing nature, inclusive of mosquitos.
To expand understanding, and deepen understandings, of wetland life at each site we have:
Documented: drawn, written, and photographed;
Observed: movements and stillness, non-human and human life, patterns created by nature, patterns that connect us;
Imaged: ways of communicating and sharing wetland experiences.
Engaged in conversations, on site, with stakeholder and visitors (ES and CES beneficiaries);
Recorded: sights, sounds, movements, patterns and conversations had.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at ASLE - UKI Conference, 'Co-emergence, Co-creation, Co-existence'. University of Plymouth, 4-6 September 2019, 'Thinking Outside the Box: Observing the history and cultural resonances of the bird hide' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I delivered my paper 'Thinking Outside the Box: Observing the history and cultural resonances of the bird hide' and discussed the launch of the Hide & Seek Project on the Avalon Marshes, Somerset.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation at LSTM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine on interdisciplinary aspects of wetlandLIFE project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Presentation at the 'ordinary and everyday utopias' conference, University of Brighton, UK, July 2019. Paper presented: The nowtopia of the riverbank. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Around 50 people attended this one-day symposium. A book is being developed from the presentations shared during the symposium.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://blogs.brighton.ac.uk/performanceandcommunity/2019/02/14/extraordinary-everyday-utopias-shapin...
 
Description Presentation at the National Wetlands Indaba, Port Edward, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, 16th to 19th October 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Mary Gearey, Research Fellow from the School of Environment and Technology, presented University of Brighton research at the South African National Wetlands Indaba, held in the Eastern Cape town of Port Edward during 16th to 19th October 2017. The Indaba is a prestigious event, bringing together academics, environmental activists, NGOs and government officials from South Africa and beyond in a forum for mutual learning and policy development across sectors, with wetlands integrity at the forefront.
Showcasing SET's work at the conference, Dr Gearey presented the work that she and her colleagues have and are developing, exploring human wellbeing within a variety of UK wetlands. Particularly focusing upon community engagement to support the long term health of wetlands, Dr Gearey outlined work undertaken within the current WetlandLIFE project (www.wetlandlife.org) running until 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://nwi17.sawetlands.org/
 
Description Presentation at the Society for Ethnography and Folklore Conference in Santiago de Compostela, Spain, April 2020: 'when one man casts, another gathers: wetlands as liminal spaces of remembrance'. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference presentation entitled: When one man casts, the other gathers: wetlands as liminal spaces of remembrance presented at the Society of ethnography and folklore conference, Santiago, Spain, April 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.siefhome.org/congresses/sief2019/
 
Description Presentation at the Valuing Nature conference held at the Royal Society, London, 28th/29th October 2019: 'A Room with a View: Observing nature and narrative through the bird hide' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Delivering the results of the Hide & Seek Project and reflections on being a creative writing practitioner in an interdisciplinary project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation at the Valuing Nature conference held at the Royal Society, London, 28th/29th October 2019: A 'sense of place' and contemporary social representations of English wetlands. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presenting the findings from the University of Brighton's WetlandLIFE fieldwork.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://valuing-nature.net/valuing-nature-conferences
 
Description Presentation to the Valuing Nature annual conference on Nested Ecosystem Services 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr Acott presented the idea of 'Nested Ecosystem Services' at the annual Valuing Nature conference. This is a conceptual framework being developed as part of the WetlandLIFE project to embed ideas of relationality and social wellbeing into ecosystem services. The conference aimed to bring people together from diverse research areas and from business, policy and practice.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Ramsar Convention on Wetlands: COP13 in Dubai - Side Event: Sense of Place & Wellbeing in Wetlands: Using Film and the Arts to achieve SDG3 (28th October 2018) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Side event at the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands COP13 in Dubai, October 2018. Event title: Sense of Place & Wellbeing in Wetlands: Using Film and the Arts to achieve SDG3'.

Participants: Adriana Ford (lead), Kerry Morrison, Victoria Leslie, Chris Fremantle and Dave Pritchard.

Our aim was to exemplify and discuss ways that the arts, humanities and social sciences can be used either individually or alongside other disciplines to work towards Sustainable Development Goal 3 - Good Health and Wellbeing - for wetlands, particularly through sharing our experiences from WetlandLIFE. The session was well attended (20+ people), with representation from at least 12 countries in our audience, from the Middle East, Africa, The Americas, Europe and Asia, including two members of the Ramsar Secretariat.

Very positive response about our approaches, including from Ramsar secretariat and Defra - follow up email discussion (20 practitioners) included "Notably we were able to attend the inspiring event delivered by Adriana Ford (et al) of Greenwich University on Sense of Place and Wellbeing in Wetlands, Using Film and the Arts to achieve SDG3." (Defra Policy Lead, Dec 2018). Following this event, Defra has indicated desire to include WetlandLIFE outputs in high level ministerial policy briefing. Additionally, a planned follow-up meeting is to be held by Defra where we can further discuss influencing and feeding into the Ramsar Convention.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.wetlandlife.org/latest/40-wetlandlife-at-the-ramsar-convention-on-wetlands-cop13-in-dubai
 
Description Reclaiming Wetland Values: Marsh, Mud and Wonder Stakeholder Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Attendees explored how the WetlandLIFE and CoastWEB projects used multi- and interdisciplinary contributions from natural and social sciences, economics, the arts (literary, visual and performance) and humanities can help to reveal the values of wetlands to inform management and policy. Stakeholders included Public Health England, RSPB, WWT, among others. A Croatian NGO called power progressive art attended the event after being inspired by the WetlandLIFE project https://powerprogressiveart.wixsite.com/powerprogressiveart/emeraldbluesilver-gold
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://valuing-nature.net/reclaiming-wetland-values-marsh-mud-and-wonder-stakeholder-day
 
Description The WetlandLIFE project; uncovering a wetlands 'sense of place'. School of Environment and Technology staff seminar January 30th 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact A one hour staff seminar, open to all the University, discussing the 'sense of place' fieldwork undertaken by the Brighton team for the WetlandLFE project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description The impact of mosquitoes on the economic value of wetlands under four alternative future scenarios 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The activity was a poster presentation at the Valuing Nature Conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The impact of mosquitos on the economic value of wetlands under four future scenarios 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Cranfield University Student Group Project Presentation at Postgraduate Conference.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The wetland on Wheels Caravan 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact After an intense period of research into wetlands and Mosquitoes at Alkborough Flats (North Lincolnshire) and the Priory and Millenium Parks (Bedford), we develop the 'WETLANDS on WHEELS' Hub: WoW. The WoW is a vintage Caravan transformed into a space to share the research of the WetlandLife team, and fascination with Wetlands.

WoW is at the same time a macro mosquito Laboratorium, a space for wetland conversations, and a gallery of found knowledge from WetlandLife research sites. It is a Venue for: listening to wetland sounds and stories; watching clips; looking at photos, drawings, objet trouve and mosquitos; and reading about wetlands and their inhabitants. Here visitors can experience artistic responses to wetlands and scientific knowledge and contribute their knowledge to the mix.

The WOW was on site for an accumulated time of 22 days. It attracted 220 members of the public.

On site residences was conducted with the WoW as the hub to engage with visitors.
Further to the visitors in the WoW we engaged with another 312 visitors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Understanding wetlands as curated spaces; emergent findings from the WetlandLIFE project. ISDRS NEWSLETTER, 2018, Issue 4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The International Society for Sustainable Development Research publishes an online newsletter four times a year with policy briefs, new funded work and publications. It has a global audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://isdrs.org/?wysija-page=1&controller=email&action=view&email_id=32&wysijap=subscriptions
 
Description Wetland Mosquito Survey Handbook launch 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A 1-hour webinar to launch the Wetland Mosquito Survey Handbook, which included a presentation on the entomology research carried out by the project, a talk about the wider public health context and then an introduction to the book. This was followed by a Q and A session with attendees, and resulted in several follow-up email enquiries about the project, its findings and potential areas for collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.wetlandlife.org/latest/61-new-book-on-british-wetland-mosquitoes-discover-more-on-world-m...
 
Description WetlandLIFE Highlights 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A conference presentation at the annual Valuing Nature conference describing the highlights of the WetlandLIFE project and key findings. Presentation given in session B as part of the 'tour of key outputs and outcomes'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://valuing-nature.net/valuing-nature-annual-conference-2019-presentations-activities
 
Description WetlandLIFE Team Creative Writing Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Drawing on interdisciplinary discussions and ambitions among team members, the WetlandLIFE Team Creative Writing workshop was a day's workshop, writing and walking through the Avalon Marshes, Somerset, using bird hides as spaces to engage with and reflect on nature. The workshop featured a series of creative writing activities, included poetry and creative non-fiction analysis and composition prompts and the group reported changes in attitudes and wellbeing. The creative outputs produced were included in the Hide & Seek Project's interior installations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description WetlandLIFE stand at 2018 Valuing Nature Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact As part of the 2018 Valuing Nature Conference WetlandLIFE had a stand demonstrating some of the creative outputs / engagements of the project including mosquito / wetland sound experience, mosquito jenga and the wetland story cubes. The purpose of the stand was to create conversations with conference delegates about ways of valuing and engaging people with wetlands.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description WetlandLIFE, epistemological equality and a disciplinary theatre: the experiences of art approaches for valuing nature / Valuing Nature Annual Conference, 2018, Cardiff. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A presentation on interdisciplinarity and art approaches for valuing nature drawing on the experiences of the wetlandLIFE project. This was given as part of a session at the conference titled 'Valuing the arts in valuing nature.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://valuing-nature.net/ValNat18/SessionC3
 
Description WetlandLIFE: Disciplines, epistemology and equality conference presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a conference presentation at the Annual Conference of the Royal Geographic Society in Sept / Aug 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description When negative narratives dominate: how multiple ways of valuing wetlands and mosquitoes can support decision-making conference presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a conference presentation at the Multiple Values of Nature conference organised by the British Ecology Society and the Valuing Nature Programme. The presentation sparked discussion about the importance of art and valuing nature.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.britishecologicalsociety.org/events/multiple-values-nature/
 
Description Wordwatching activity RGS 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Twenty words associated with wetlands were printed on wooden plaques and placed in the Royal Geographical Society garden as part of the exhibition, 'Reclaiming Wetland Values: Marsh, Mud and Wonder'. Visitors used binoculars to spot them, noting them down in a random order to use as a starting point to begin to construct creative compositions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Workshop to explore role of arts in landscape and environmental research 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a one day workshop to explore the role of arts and artists in landscape and environmental research today. It was held at National Gallery, 15th Feb 2018. It was an interdisciplinary meeting aiming to foster debate and dialogue about the role of arts and the artist in landscape and environmental research today by cutting across disciplinary perspectives and professional practices. Tim Acott and David Edwards from the WetlandLIFE team were on the organising committee and used their experiences from the WetlandLIFE project to contribute to the workshop development (WetlandLIFE was used as discussion case study). Two artists from the WetlandLIFE team also attended the event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://valuing-nature.net/news/workshop-arts-and-artist-landscape-and-environmental-research-today-a...
 
Description World Malaria Day 2018 news item 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A news item on the website of the Natural Resources Institute to mark World Malaria Day 25th April 2018. The news item documents a wetladLIFE project visit to the North Kent Marshes, and explores the literary context of historic malaria in the UK. The article refers to the writing of Charles Dickens, who drew inspiration from the marshes and set a scene from Great Expectations in a local churchyard, where tombs of children who died from malaria, or ague, in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries can still be seen today.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.nri.org/latest/news/2018/world-malaria-day-2018-exploring-historic-malaria-and-wetlands-...
 
Description wetland workshops 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We delivered:
2 sound workshops (Helmut Lemke)
2 Environmental art workshops (Dr. Kerry Morrison)
and initiated
3 Workshops 'Mosquitoes (Dr. Francis Hawkes)
2 Workshops "Eco System Services"
(one delivered by Prof. Joe Morris. the other
by Dr Sharanya Basu Roy
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description wetlandLIFE Twitter 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Tweets about project activities, national and international wetland- and mosquito-related content, events and activities. Received good engagement from the practitioners and academia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017,2018,2019,2020
URL https://twitter.com/wetlandlife?lang=en
 
Description wetlandLIFE website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A project website with eight blog articles in last ResearchFish period
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
URL http://www.wetlandlife.org/
 
Description wetlandLIFE website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Project website, featuring information about each component of the project, the team, blog posts from the project team, and early iterations of our Photographic Essay on wetlands in England. Our home page has received over 25,500 hits.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018,2019
URL http://www.wetlandlife.org/