Ocean Regulation of Climate by Heat and Carbon Sequestration and Transports (ORCHESTRA)

Lead Research Organisation: NERC British Antarctic Survey
Department Name: Science Programmes

Abstract

Climate change is one of the most urgent issues facing humanity and life on Earth. Better predictions of future climate change are needed, so that measures to reduce its impact and cope with its effects can be put in place. However, improving these predictions requires better knowledge of how the global climate system functions, and this knowledge is currently incomplete. A critical gap concerns understanding of the uptake of heat and carbon by the oceans. Over 90% of the extra heat now present in the Earth System because of global warming has entered the ocean, with strong increases in both the upper and deep ocean apparent since the 1970s. Further, the global ocean is the largest reservoir of carbon in the climate system, and has absorbed nearly one-third of the extra carbon emissions produced since the industrial revolution. Climate change in the atmosphere is strongly moderated by these processes, and would be dramatically greater without them.

The Southern Ocean - the vast ocean that encircles Antarctica - is critically important in this regard. Because of the nature of its circulation, its physical and chemical properties, and its connections with the rest of the globe, it accounts for around half of the oceanic uptake of carbon, and around three-quarters of the heat uptake. However, because of its remoteness and hostile environment, with stormy seas, heavy sea ice in places, and long periods of darkness in winter, the Southern Ocean is also the least-measured and least-understood ocean in the world. One consequence of this lack of understanding is that the representations of the Southern Ocean in many of the models used to create future climate projections are not fit for purpose.

Our project, Ocean Regulation of Climate by Heat and Carbon Sequestration and Transports (ORCHESTRA), represents a linking together of many of the major environmental research institutes in the UK, who will work with national and international partners to address these issues. We propose a combination of data collection, novel analyses and computer simulations to radically improve our ability to measure, understand and predict the circulation and role in global climate of the Southern Ocean. Data collection will include major ship-based expeditions across the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean to determine the basin-scale transports of heat and carbon in all the different ocean layers (near-surface, intermediate, abyssal). It will include the use of novel technology and unmanned vehicles to collect data over much longer periods and much greater areas than ships alone could allow, and flights with research aircraft to determine climatically-important transfers of heat and carbon between the atmosphere and ocean in all different conditions of sea ice. Informed by the new understanding that these field campaigns will produce, improvements to ocean models will be proposed and tested, and the improvements delivered to climate modellers so that better future projections can be produced.

It is clear that these developments are required urgently - the benefits to be gained by improving climate prediction are difficult to overstate, with more effective strategies for dealing with climate change becoming feasible, and better planning assumptions made possible for industry, commerce and other sectors. The value of the Southern Ocean carbon sink was recently estimated to be in the trillions of dollars, but with uncertainty in the billions concerning how it will change in future: narrowing this uncertainty is thus a strong economic priority, as well as a scientific and societal one.

Planned Impact

Societally, the benefits to be gained by improving climate prediction are difficult to overstate, with more effective adaptation and mitigation strategies becoming feasible, and industry, commerce and other sectors provided with a more robust planning framework. In economic terms, the capacity of the global ocean to absorb carbon was recently estimated to have an asset value of $4.3 trillion; the Southern Ocean currently accounts for around half of this absorption. The Southern Ocean also plays a key climatic role in removing anthropogenic heat from the atmosphere, however the present generation of ocean-only and coupled models all show unrealistic representations of key Southern Ocean processes, compromising our ability to predict future changes of the Earth System on time-scales from seasonal to centennial.

ORCHESTRA will advance our understanding of the mechanisms, rates and climatic impact of the drawdown of heat and carbon by the Southern Ocean and their subsequent transports to the rest of the globe, and it will generate impact via improvements in modelling capability to reduce uncertainty in global climate predictions, thus enabling economic benefit through energy and mitigation policy. The Met Office has been involved in all stages of the development of ORCHESTRA, ensuring that improvements to ocean and climate models will rapidly be made operational. Policy impact comes through the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) process that informs UK and global climate policy, and through our existing links with DECC (Shuckburgh). Analysis of the archive of climate model runs used by the IPCC (CMIP6) is part of ORCHESTRA and will inform the next IPCC Assessment Report. The model improvements undertaken during ORCHESTRA will feed into subsequent assessments, further narrowing the uncertainty range in climate projections. ORCHESTRA scientists have a strong track record of contribution to IPCC: as authors of assessment reports, by developing and analysing climate models used in the assessments, by making observations that constrain and inform climate models, and by publication of peer-reviewed literature that underpins the science of climate change.

Politically, our programme will help sustain UK leadership in climate science, important for underpinning Government-level climate change negotiations and important for UK geopolitical influence. Internationally, ORCHESTRA will raise the profile of excellent UK research into the ocean's role in climate. It will benefit (and leverage resource in-kind from) several international initiatives with whom we have partnerships, including the US Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling (SOCCOM) program, the international Argo initiative, and GO-SHIP. This, and our interface with international climate database programmes, will ensure the widest uptake of NERC-funded data and science.

ORCHESTRA will enhance training opportunities for the next generation of UK leaders in environmental science. The institutes participating in ORCHESTRA are active in numerous NERC-funded Doctoral Training Partnerships (DTPs), and also the new NERC/EPSRC-funded Centre for Doctoral Training (CDT) in smart and autonomous systems. We will work with these networks, and generate new links to others across the UK, to provide fieldwork opportunities, infrastructure access and key datasets for doctoral candidate students.

People

ORCID iD

Emily Shuckburgh (Principal Investigator)
Andrew John Meijers (Principal Investigator)
Michael Meredith (Principal Investigator)
Einar Povl Abrahamsen (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5924-5350
Ernest Malcolm Woodward (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7187-6689
Melanie Jane Leng (Co-Investigator)
Sudipta Goswami (Co-Investigator)
David Inglis Berry (Co-Investigator)
Brian Anthony King (Co-Investigator)
Aylmer John Nurser (Co-Investigator)
Vassilis Kitidis (Co-Investigator)
Alex Megann (Co-Investigator)
Lars Boehme (Co-Investigator)
Andrew Shepherd (Co-Investigator)
James Alexander Brearley (Co-Investigator)
Simon Josey (Co-Investigator)
Ekaterina Popova (Co-Investigator)
Thomas George Bell (Co-Investigator)
Susan Elizabeth Hartman (Co-Investigator)
Sinhue Torres-Valdes (Co-Investigator)
Jeremy Peter Grist (Co-Investigator)
Andrew Charles Coward (Co-Investigator)
Mingxi Yang (Co-Investigator)
Alexandra Iris Weiss (Co-Investigator)
Yevgeny Aksenov (Co-Investigator)
Margaret Jane Yelland (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0936-4957
Philip David Nightingale (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7177-5469
Andrew Lorrain Ridout (Co-Investigator)
Elaine McDonagh (Co-Investigator)
Hugh James Venables (Co-Investigator)
Elizabeth Clare Kent (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6209-4247
Christopher John Banks (Co-Investigator)
Maria Luneva (Co-Investigator)
David Roy Munday (Co-Investigator)
Jeff Polton (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0131-5250
Yvonne Firing (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3640-3974
Timothy James Smyth (Co-Investigator) orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0659-1422
Bengamin Ivan Moat (Co-Investigator)
Joel Jean-Marie Hirschi (Co-Investigator)
Adam Blaker (Co-Investigator)
James Duncan Harle (Co-Investigator)
Clinton John Blight (Researcher)

Publications

10 25 50

publication icon
Boland E (2016) Assessment of sea ice-atmosphere links in CMIP5 models in Climate Dynamics

publication icon
Desbruyères D (2016) Observational Advances in Estimates of Oceanic Heating in Current Climate Change Reports

publication icon
Evans D (2018) The Cold Transit of Southern Ocean Upwelling in Geophysical Research Letters

publication icon
Firing Y (2017) Deep temperature variability in Drake Passage DRAKE PASSAGE DEEP TEMPERATURE in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

publication icon
Garry F (2019) Model-Derived Uncertainties in Deep Ocean Temperature Trends Between 1990 and 2010 in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

publication icon
Gille, S. (2017) The Southern Ocean

publication icon
Gordon A (2020) Interannual Variability of the Outflow of Weddell Sea Bottom Water in Geophysical Research Letters

publication icon
Jones D (2019) Unsupervised Clustering of Southern Ocean Argo Float Temperature Profiles in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

publication icon
MacGilchrist GA (2019) Reframing the carbon cycle of the subpolar Southern Ocean. in Science advances

publication icon
Mazloff, M.R (2017) State of the Climate 2016 - Southern Ocean in Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

publication icon
Mead Silvester Jess (2017) Water masses transform at mid-depths over the Antarctic Continental Slope in EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts

publication icon
Meijers A (2016) Wind-driven export of Weddell Sea slope water WEDDELL SEA SLOPE EXPORT in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans

publication icon
Meijers A (2019) The role of ocean dynamics in king penguin range estimation in Nature Climate Change

publication icon
Meredith M (2017) Sea Ice

publication icon
Meredith MP (2018) Anatomy of a glacial meltwater discharge event in an Antarctic cove. in Philosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences

publication icon
Meredith, M (2016) Sea Ice, 3rd Edition

publication icon
Meredith, M.P (2017) Advances in understanding the Southern Ocean's role in global climate: the ORCHESTRA and SOCCOM program in Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

publication icon
Moffat C (2018) Shelf-ocean exchange and hydrography west of the Antarctic Peninsula: a review. in Philosophical transactions. Series A, Mathematical, physical, and engineering sciences

 
Description Each of the ORCHESTRA work packages have been progressing largely according to schedule. The key results to date of each work package are outlined below:

Work Package 1:
Observations collected during the field season 2019/2020 are similar to those recorded in the first field season and include fluxes for momentum, heat, evaporation and CO2, from both aircraft and ship-based systems. Also, measurements of mean conditions (winds, temperatures, humidity etc.) required for interpretation of fluxes. Measurement of shipboard underway pCO2 is ongoing. Software and analysis systems have been developed and updated for the calculation of air-sea fluxes from observations or reanalysis fields and also for the assessment of temporal stability in data products such as satellite-derived SST fields. Several papers related to surface flux uncertainty have been published or are under review. A paper appearing in 2019 (Woolf et al) estimates the size of the oceanic carbon sink by calculating upward and downward flows of CO2 at the sea surface, using the most recent dataset (SOCAT v4) of CO2 in the upper ocean. Compared to previous estimates we find a relatively large downward flow of CO2 into the ocean, with a net global flux of -3.0 ± 0.6 Pg C yr-1.

Prototype wind data and sea-ice detection flags have been developed for Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Reflectometry (GNSS-R) and are available for download:
• http://merrbys.co.uk/l2_cbre_v1_0_windspeed
• http://merrbys.co.uk/l2-cbre-v1-0-seaice

Software for calculating air-sea fluxes from meteorological observations using a variety of parameterisations from the literature has been ported from FORTRAN to R (previously reported) and now also python. It is expected that the software in both R and python will be made publicly available via github and described by a paper in a Special Collection "Energy, Water, and Carbon Dioxide Fluxes at the Earth's Surface" in the journal Frontiers in Marine Science (deadline September 2020). This published flux calculation software will support the estimation of uncertainty in parameterisations of air-sea fluxes due to measurement uncertainty.


Work Package 2:

ORCHESTRA analysis of a new ORCHESTRA derived data product (gridded Argo fields) has revealed an important new understanding of interannual variability in SAMW formation and heat uptake. This work (Meijers et al., GRL, 2019) shows that SAMW formation is highly spatially and temporally variable across the South Pacific and that the two main pools of SAMW formation tend to vary out of phase with one another, creating a 'see-saw' in SAMW volume across the basin. This out of phase modulation is largely driven by changes in the SAM and ENSO atmospheric modes, which have strongly zonally varying finger-prints on regional winds. In particular the ENSO is associated with changes in a quasi-stationary anti-cyclonic system (Cerovecki and Meijers, in prep.) that drive changes in meridional winds, bringing relatively warmer air over the eastern formation region and colder to the west, and visa versa in the opposite ENSO phase. This drives increased convection and formation on one side of the Pacific basin while shoaling mixed layers and reducing formation on the other side. This study showed that the observed pattern of SAMW volume variability since 2005 could be explained by the relative phase of SAM and ENSO over this period. Additionally this study demonstrated that it is the volume of SAMW formed each year that dominates the SAMW heat content, rather than the temperature of the newly formed water.

The importance of regional structure in surface forcing in setting subduction and heat content below the mixed layer in the Southern Ocean has been investigated using an adjoint model. This work, led by Dan Jones and Emma Boland, has shown (Jones et al., JGR, 2020; Jones et al., JPO, 2020) that the recently ventilated volume of the SE Pacific, a region critical for ocean uptake of heat and carbon, is highly sensitive to changes in surface wind stress forcing. Furthermore this sensitivity depends strongly on the exact location of such forcing. This work demonstrates that the heat content in the recently ventilated (within 10 years) of the SE Pacific is strongly influenced by the spin up and down of the subtropical gyre, which is in turn driven largely by changes in wind stress curl north of the ACC. This change is largely driven by vertical heave of isopycnals, pushing warmer subtropical surface water into the ventilated box. In contrast wind curl changes over mode water formation zones will drive warming in a more along isopycnal fashion, by forming more (or less for opposite sign changes) new mode water immediately north of the ACC. Surprisingly the weakest change was seen for wind stress changes polewards of the formation zone. This has been though to change mode water properties by advecting more or less cool and fresh surface waters northward into the formation zone. While this does occur, the impact on net subducted heat is relatively small in contrast to changes driven by formation region Ekman pumping, or by changes in the gyre structure itself. This work is a key tool for informing the perturbation experiments in the ORCHESTRA high resolution model presently being run.

In further adjoint work, led by Emma Boland (Boland et al., submitted), the heat content of Southern Ocean mode water formations is shown to be sensitive to local heat fluxes and non-local wind stresses. This sensitivity can extend backwards in time on the order of 1-8 years. Forward perturbation experiments indicate that changes in volume can be as important as changes in temperature to the actual heat content.

ORCHESTRA scientists have also contributed to assessing how fluctuations in atmospheric wind contribute to the transfer of momentum between the ocean and atmosphere (the wind stress). Lin et al. (2020) show how the strengthening trend over the historical period can be due to either mean winds blowing stronger or stronger storms, with CMIP5 models roughly evenly split. This highlights how both the mean state of the atmosphere and its variability must be better simulated in order to predict future climate. Contributions were also made to understanding the formation of wind-driven gyres in the Southern Ocean (Patmore, et al., JPO, 2019) and how Weddell Sea polynyas may interact with ice cavity melting (Naughten et al., J. Clim. 2019).

Work Package 3:
Antarctic Bottom Water has previously been observed to be warming and decreasing in volume, but in a paper (Abrahamsen et al., 2019) published in Nature Climate this year ORCHESTRA hydrographic and moored observations helped show how these trends have levelled off, in concert with a stabilization of the export of the precursor Weddell Sea Dense water through Orkney Passage related to the volumes and heights of underlying water masses within the Weddell. Adding to these time series new observations made in February 2020 shows the need for continued and enhanced measurements to distinguish trends from interannual variability. Ongoing work (Gordon et al., accepted) show that seasonal variability in the deep waters in the Weddell Gyre respond rapidly to surface forcing, displaying considerable interannual variability in its outflow region.

Comparisons of South Atlantic heat inventories, and of heat and freshwater transports across sections bounding the South Atlantic, from observations and a range of numerical models broadly validate the model means and variabilities but highlight some regions/components with larger differences including the Brazil-Malvinas confluence and Brazil current transport, that may be more sensitive to forcing, configuration, or resolution of models. More detailed analysis of volume and property transports across 24S and SR1b (Drake Passage) confirms that resolution is important and suggests that differences come from both model and observation under-resolution.

Initial results from coupled climate model analysis of the recently released CMIP6 model ensemble shows that Southern Ocean heat uptake under strong forcing scenarios is similar to that seen in CMIP5. Here CDW is seen to take up the majority of heat while SAMW and AAIW reduce in volume and consequently heat content too. AABW appears to be less influenced by climate forcing in CMIP6 than in CMIP5 and work is ongoing to determine mechanisms for this.
Exploitation Route The datasets generated in ORCHESTRA are key benchmarks that will enable ongoing variability and change to be understood and better predicted. They, and the outputs of the ORCHESTRA modelling activities, will feed into the IPCC process and hence will influence the advice given to governments and policy makers. As key National Capability outputs, ORCHSTRA results, models and data products act to underpin or compliment numerous UK and international research efforts. These include RoSES, SOCCOM, SO-CHIC, SOOS, TICTOC, TiPPACS and many other projects. Similarly software developed or deployed by ORCHESTRA will be widely used by the scientific community both during the project lifetime and beyond. They also have directly contributed to high impact policy documents, for example; acting to inform the recently released IPCC Special Report on the Oceans and Cryosphere. ORCHESTRA activities are also influencing educational materials (undergraduate textbooks, books for general readership), which will help formulate the importance of ocean and climate science in the minds of the public and those undertaking education.
Sectors Energy,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://www.orchestra.ac.uk
 
Description The ORCHESTRA findings have fed into briefings given to a wide range of stakeholders. This has included: • Government ministers • MPs • IPCC Assessment Report 6 and the Special Report on Oceans and Cryosphere • Officials from government departments and agencies (including presentations to BEIS) • Government officials from overseas (including Mayors from Guangdong province, China) • International organisations (including European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and World Bank) • Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources • Regulatory authorities (including Prudential Regulation Authority and European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority) • Business (including Jaguar Land Rover, Vestas 11th Hour Racing, Network Rail, Saint Gobain, BNP Paribas, Tata, Pinsent Masons) • Business conferences (including Business Green, European Renewables) • Students and researchers from other disciplines (BP Institute Masterclass, Leverhulme Climate Justice project, Chemical Engineering Dept, Cambridge) • Media professionals (Sheffield Documentary Festival) • The public (Cambridge Science Festival, Ely Science Festival, TEDx talk) • Community groups and membership organisations (Women's Institute, U3A), school visits (University of Cambridge Primary School, Stephen Perse Foundation, St Albans High School for Girls). • Specific outputs have included policy briefings (CISL briefing on climate and financial risk), online magazine articles, newspaper articles, television and radio interviews, and taught courses (ESA MOOC, Masters in Sustainability, Professional Certificate in Sustainable Business, Professional Certificate in Sustainable Value Chains); leadership of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's Special Report on Oceans and the Cryosphere.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Education,Environment,Government, Democracy and Justice,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Citation in systematic reviews - Input to IPCC.
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Citation in systematic reviews
 
Description NERC LTSM NC
Amount £8,400,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/N018095/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 03/2021
 
Description Natural Environment Research Council (NERC): BAS PhD studentship with C-CLEAR
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2019 
End 09/2022
 
Description Royal Society Two-Day Discussion Meeting - to be held in April 2021
Amount £5,000 (GBP)
Organisation The Royal Society 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2021 
End 04/2021
 
Description Southern Ocean Carbon and Heat Impact on Climate - SO-CHIC
Amount € 7,989,925 (EUR)
Funding ID 821001 
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 11/2019 
End 10/2023
 
Description Studentship with GW4+ DTP (Gen Hinde)
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 09/2020
 
Description Studentship with SPITFIRE DTP (Rachael Sanders)
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2016 
End 09/2019
 
Title Developing python routines (2018) 
Description Dave Munday is continuing to develop python routines that can be used on the RDF/JASMIN to, e.g., aid averaging in time of different fields from the ORCHESTRA model runs. This will make it quick and easy for other users to produce monthly means from daily output, etc. Plan to put these on github, with usage notes, once satisfied they are robust. Also some pieces of Fortran code for analysis in density layers and simple bash code for re-averaging onto longer averaging periods. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Makes it quick and easly for others to produce monthly means from output. 
 
Title Diagnostics tool 
Description Yevgeny Aksenov: We are developing diagnostics tool to examine sea ice changes and heat and tracer fluxes from ocean advection, mixing and ventilation. The code is based on the cdf NEMO Tools and will be made available during the time of the project and included Nurser/Valin's water mass diagnostics. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Examine sea ice changes and heat and tracer fluxes from ocean advection, mixing and ventilation. 
 
Title Interpolation Software (2017) 
Description G Nurser has written interpolation software to allow interpolation from the NEMO grid onto a 1 x 1 lat lon grid that could be used e.g. to compare model MLD against the Holte et al. ARGO climatology. Objective mapping software being developed by King has been successfully applied to several Argo datasets, underpinning published science. -Flux software: PML have developed real-time code for processing real-time direct flux measurements in Python which is nearing completion and final testing. -Cloud computing: Meijers is assisting development and deployment of PANGEO cloud computing software, working with Columbia University NYC and coordinating a deployment onto the CEDA/JASMIN cluster for processing CMIP6 data. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Allows interpolation from the NEMO grid onto the 1x1 lat on grid that could be used to compare model eg MLD against the Holte et al ARGO climatology. 
 
Title Processing and calibration of CTD, 
Description Firing and King, with NOC collaborators, are updating and documenting routines (previously developed in-house) for processing and calibration of CTD, water sample data, and ship underway data, with the intention to make the library more widely available to other groups wishing to make climate-quality hyrographic observations. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2018 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Updating and documenting routines. Make the library more widely available to other groups wishing to make climate-quality hyrographic observations. 
 
Title A bathymetric compilation around the South Orkney Islands, 1987-2017 
Description We present a new bathymetric compilation around the South Orkney Islands here defined by the following bounding box: 47 to 37 W, 63 to 59 S. This bathymetry grid was compiled from a variety of multibeam swath bathymetry data acquired during 46 different cruises (see lineage). The data is available as a grid of approximately 100 m resolution in a GMT-compatible (2-D) NetCDF format using geographic coordinates on the WGS84 datum. Three versions of the grid are available: the first one shows only swath bathymetry data while the second and third have been merged with the global compilations from the General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO), GEBCO_2014 (version 20150318) and GEBCO_2019, respectively. Funding was provided by the NERC grants NE/K012843/1 and NE/N018095/1 as well as national capability 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2019 
Provided To Others? Yes  
 
Title Aircraft measurements (WP1.1.2) 
Description Aircraft measurements (WP1.1.2) MASIN observed raw data during Orchestra field campaign Nov/Dec 2017: • wind speed and wind direction • Fast westerly, southerly, and upwind component of wind • Fast temperature • Atmospheric pressure • Ambient air temperature • CO2 concentration • Methane concentration • Dew point • Relative humidity • Potential temperature • Aerosols • Surface temperature (infrared) • Sea ice videos and pictures • Shortwave upward radiation • Shortwave downward radiation • Longwave upward radiation • Longwave downward radiation MASIN atmospheric parameters that will be determined from raw data after pre-processing and quality checks (work in progress): • Turbulent sensible heat flux • Turbulent latent heat flux • Turbulent momentum flux • Atmospheric stability / Monin Obukhov Length • CO2 flux • Aerosol flux • Aerosol size spectra • Sea ice cover/ sea ice concentration • Mean wind speed • Mean wind direction • Mean atmospheric pressure • Mean air temperature • Mean air humidity • Mean surface temperature • Shortwave radiation ( up/and downward) • Longwave radiation (up/and downward) • Albedo Not yet lodged with CEDA & Polar Data Centre 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact MASIN atmospheric parameters that will be determined from raw data after pre-processing and quality checks (work in progress). 
 
Title Model output archived as supporting evidence for paper 
Description Model output from Munday & Meredith (2017) has been archived on the Open Science Foundation at https://osf.io/njmbd 
Type Of Material Computer model/algorithm 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Archived on the Open Science Foundation 
URL https://osf.io/njmbd
 
Title Oxygen isotope data (WP3.1.8) 
Description We have collected and analysed O18 samples from each A23 and SR1b thus far in ORCHESTRA, plus (importantly) the Antarctic Circumnavigation Experiment (ACE). ACE was funded separately (private backer), but is contemporaneous with ORCHESTRA and gives a much broader Southern Ocean snapshot perspective - so we are analysing the data together. Good progress being made, but nothing yet publishable. ORCHESTRA data should be going to BODC, but I don't think it has yet; ACE data are to be managed by the Swiss Polar Institute WP3.1.1 SR1b hydrographic data from two occupations (JR16002, JR17001) delivered to BODC, CCHDO. 
Type Of Material Data analysis technique 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Gives a much broader Southern Ocean snapshot perspective. 
 
Title Summary of BODC holdings for ORCHESTRA 
Description CRUISE DATASET DESCRIPTION EXPECTED DATE STATUS JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE37 (SN7308) @ 1810m 01/10/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE37 (SN7309) @ 1960m 01/10/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE37 (SN9394) @ 2110m 01/10/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE37 (SN7313) @ 2260m 01/10/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE39 (SN4413) @ 2034m 01/10/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE39 (SN4716) @ 1884m 01/10/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6273) @ 1809m 01/10/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- Aquadopp (SN8351) @ 1959m 01/10/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6182) @ 2259m 01/10/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- Aquadopp (SN8355) @ 2409m 01/10/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE37 (SN7316) @ 3590m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- Aquadopp (SN8111) @ 3589m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE37 (SN7297) @ 3510m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6260) @ 3509m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE37 (SN7314) @ 3410m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE37 (SN7299) @ 3310m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6203) @ 3309m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE37 (SN7294) @ 3210m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6244) @ 3209m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE37 (SN7311) @ 3110m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE37 (SN8076) @ 3010m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6275) @ 3009m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE37 (SN7310) @ 2910m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- Aquadopp (SN8352) @ 2909m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE37 (SN7302) @ 2810m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- Aquadopp (SN8088) @ 2809m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- Aquadopp (SN5883) @ 2709m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE37 (SN9379) @ 2610m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6178) @ 2609m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP1 mooring- SBE37 (SN7307) @ 2509m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP2 mooring- SBE37 (SN7288) @ 2991m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP2 mooring- Aquadopp (SN1430) @ 2990m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP2 mooring- Aquadopp (SN8097) @ 2907m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP2 mooring- SBE37 (SN7290) @ 2808m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP2 mooring- Aquadopp (SN1415) @ 2807m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP2 mooring- SBE37 (SN7291) @ 2708m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP2 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6262) @ 2707m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP2 mooring- Aquadopp (SN1404) @ 2507m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP2 mooring- Aquadopp (SN8360) @ 2407m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP2 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6181) @ 2257m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP2 mooring- Aquadopp (SN8093) @ 1957m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP2 mooring- SBE39 (SN4713) @ 1882m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP2 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6242) @ 1807m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP2 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6213) @ 1657m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP2 mooring- Aquadopp (SN8362) @ 1507m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP3 mooring- SBE37 (SN7386) @ 1722m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP3 mooring- Aquadopp (SN9378) @ 1168 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP3 mooring- SBE37 (SN7383) @ 11439m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP3 mooring- Aquadopp (SN9392) @ 1143 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP3 mooring- SBE39 (SN4897) @ 11230m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP4 mooring- SBE37 (SN2956) @ 2931m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP4 mooring- RCM11 (SN592) @ 2893m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP4 mooring- SBE39 (SN4418) @ 2194m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP4 mooring- RCM11 (SN532) @ 2187m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP4 mooring- SBE37 (SN2707) @ 1838m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP4 mooring- RCM11 (SN521) @ 1831m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP5 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6000) @ 3346m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP5 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6236) @ 3296m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP5 mooring- Aquadopp (SN5993) @ 3196m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP5 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6112) @ 3096m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP5 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6263) @ 2946m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP5 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6180) @ 2796m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP5 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6198) @ 2646m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP5 mooring- Aquadopp (SN6226) @ 2496m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP6 mooring- SBE37 (SN8267) @ 2319m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP6 mooring- Aquadopp (SN9264) @ 2288m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR20150309 (JR272D, JR310) 2015/17 OP6 mooring- Aquadopp (SN9250) @ 1978m 30/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR15006 49 CTD casts 01/11/2016 00:00 Ingestion completed JR15006 Underway water samples for salinity and oxygen, d18O 01/11/2016 00:00 Ingestion completed JR15006 CTD bottle data 01/11/2016 00:00 Ingestion completed JR15006 48 LADCP profiles 01/11/2016 00:00 Ingestion completed JR15006 Continuous underway nav, met and tsg 01/11/2016 00:00 Ingestion completed JR15006 Water samples for salinity and d18O analysis from small boats 01/11/2016 00:00 Ingestion completed JR15006 Water samples for Salinity and d18O analysis from CTD bottles 01/11/2016 00:00 Ingestion completed JR15006 Underway JR15006 Migration to Series- Navigation and bathymetry 31/12/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR15006 Underway JR15006 Migration to Series- Meteorology 31/12/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR15006 Underway JR15006 Migration to Series- Surface Hydrography 31/12/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR15006 SADCP (75 kHz) 01/11/2016 00:00 No further action required JR15006 Water samples collected in pools on land for salinity and d18O analysis 01/11/2016 00:00 No further action required JR15006 Ice core samples for salinity and d18O analysis 01/11/2016 00:00 No further action required JR16002 Water samples for d18O analysis from CTD bottles 31/07/2017 00:00 Auditing in progress JR16002 Continuous underway nav, met and tsg 01/07/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR16002 30 CTD casts 01/07/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR16002 30 LADCP profiles 01/07/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR16002 CTD upcast data 01/07/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR16002 Water samples for salinity, oxygen and SBE35 01/06/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR16002 Navigation and Bathymetry Migration to series schema (NAV) 20/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR16002 Continuous surface hydrography data - migration to series schema (SURF) 20/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR16002 Continuous Meteorological Data - Migration to series schema (MET) 20/11/2017 00:00 Ingestion completed JR16002 3 Deep Apex float deployments 01/07/2017 00:00 No further action required JR16002 SADCP data from cruise JR16002 30/06/2017 00:00 No further action required JR16004 CTD profiles for A23 repeat section 22/03/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JR16004 LADCP profiles for A23 repeat section 22/03/2018 00:00 Processing in progress JR17001 SADCP measurements for JR17001 30/06/2018 00:00 Auditing in progress JR17001 41 CTD casts 30/06/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JR17001 41 LADCP casts 30/06/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JR17001 8 XBT deployment 30/06/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JR17001 5 Slocum gliders deployed (#632, 633, 408, 330, 424) 30/06/2018 00:00 No further action required JR17001 1 Seaglider deployment (# 640) CTD, EcoPuck, dissolved oxygen, optode, PAR, acousonde 30/06/2018 00:00 No further action required JR17001 1 SW Waveglider deployed 30/06/2018 00:00 No further action required JR17001 4 Deep Apex floats deployed (#21, 18, 19, 20) 30/06/2018 00:00 No further action required JR17001 3 Arvor AI2600 floats deployed (#16FR091, 16FR092 and 16FR093) 30/06/2018 00:00 No further action required JR17001 Slocum Glider (BAS) #632 - near real time dataset 23/07/2018 00:00 No further action required JR17001 Slocum Glider (BAS) #633 - near real time dataset 23/07/2018 00:00 No further action required JR17001 Slocum Glider #424 (NOC) - near real time dataset 01/07/2018 00:00 No further action required JR17001 Slocum Glider #408 - near real time dataset 01/07/2018 00:00 No further action required JR17001 Slocum Glider #330 - near real time dataset 01/07/2018 00:00 No further action required JR17001 Slocum Glider (NOC) #424 - microstructure data 01/07/2018 00:00 No further action required JR17001 Water samples from 41 CTD casts (salinity, oxygen, SBE35 data) 30/06/2018 00:00 Processing in progress JR17001 Underway: navigation series 30/06/2018 00:00 Processing in progress JR17001 CTD-upcast data from 41 stations (temperature, salinity, dissolved oxygen) 30/06/2018 00:00 Processing in progress JR17001 Underway: meteorology series 30/06/2018 00:00 Processing in progress JR17001 Underway: sea surface hydrography series 30/06/2018 00:00 Processing in progress JR17003 60 CTD casts (temperature/conductivity sensors, dissolved oxygen, transmissometer, fluorometer, PAR) 31/08/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JR17003 60 LADCP casts (Down and upward looking) 31/08/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JR17003 SADCP (75 kHz) 31/08/2018 00:00 Processing in progress JC159 CTD casts 31/10/2018 00:00 Ingestion completed JC159 LADCP profiles 31/10/2018 00:00 No further action required JC159 Multibeam Bathymetry data from EM122 01/07/2018 00:00 No further action required JC159 Oxygen and nutrient data from CTD bottles 27/09/2018 00:00 Processing in progress JC159 DIC and Alkalinity samples from CTD bottles 27/09/2018 00:00 Processing in progress JC159 Salinity samples from CTD bottles 27/09/2018 00:00 Processing in progress JC159 Continuous underway measurements (Navigation and Bathymetry, Meteorology, Surface hydrography) 31/10/2018 00:00 Processing in progress JC159 SADCP (75 kHz) 31/10/2018 00:00 Processing in progress JC159 SADCP (150 kHz) 31/10/2018 00:00 Received 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Glider data is visible through the MARS portal 
URL https://orchestra.ac.uk/data/
 
Title Summary of PDC holdings for ORCHESTRA 
Description Raw data from the JCR, from cruises JR15006 and JR16002 - this includes raw data from: adcp, ladcp, ctd, ek60, em122, scs data (i.e shipboard computing system - navigation, meteorology, ea600 etc). We're not expecting anything beyond the raw ship data that I am aware of. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Raw data collected. 
 
Title WP1.1 underway datasets 
Description JR15006 NAV, MET and SURF have been ingested, these data for JR16002 are in the process of being migrated through schemas and should be available through the BODC website soon. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact JR15006 NAV, MET and SURF have been ingested, these data for JR16002 are in the process of being migrated through schemas and should be available through the BODC website soon. 
 
Description NOCS on carrying out a comparison between the NEMO adjoint model and our adjoint 
Organisation National Oceanography Centre
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Early stages of collaboration of Dan Jones and Emma Boland with Simon Mueller and Florian Sevellec from NOCS on carrying out a comparison between the NEMO adjoint model and our adjoint, providing further context for our results. (WP1.3.2/WP2.5)
Collaborator Contribution Early stages of collaboration of Dan Jones and Emma Boland with Simon Mueller and Florian Sevellec from NOCS on carrying out a comparison between the NEMO adjoint model and our adjoint, providing further context for our results. (WP1.3.2/WP2.5)
Impact Providing further context for our results
Start Year 2018
 
Description ORCHESTRA as an enabler of community science 
Organisation Meteorological Office UK
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Collaborator Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Impact See Publications, many of which are direct collaborations with non-ORCHESTRA institutes.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ORCHESTRA as an enabler of community science 
Organisation Pierre and Marie Curie University - Paris 6
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Collaborator Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Impact See Publications, many of which are direct collaborations with non-ORCHESTRA institutes.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ORCHESTRA as an enabler of community science 
Organisation Princeton University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Collaborator Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Impact See Publications, many of which are direct collaborations with non-ORCHESTRA institutes.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ORCHESTRA as an enabler of community science 
Organisation University of California, San Diego (UCSD)
Department Scripps Institution of Oceanography
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Collaborator Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Impact See Publications, many of which are direct collaborations with non-ORCHESTRA institutes.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ORCHESTRA as an enabler of community science 
Organisation University of East Anglia
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Collaborator Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Impact See Publications, many of which are direct collaborations with non-ORCHESTRA institutes.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ORCHESTRA as an enabler of community science 
Organisation University of Gothenburg
Country Sweden 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Collaborator Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Impact See Publications, many of which are direct collaborations with non-ORCHESTRA institutes.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ORCHESTRA as an enabler of community science 
Organisation University of Newcastle
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Collaborator Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Impact See Publications, many of which are direct collaborations with non-ORCHESTRA institutes.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ORCHESTRA as an enabler of community science 
Organisation University of Southampton
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Collaborator Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Impact See Publications, many of which are direct collaborations with non-ORCHESTRA institutes.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ORCHESTRA as an enabler of community science 
Organisation University of Tasmania
Country Australia 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Collaborator Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Impact See Publications, many of which are direct collaborations with non-ORCHESTRA institutes.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ORCHESTRA as an enabler of community science 
Organisation Washington State University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Collaborator Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Impact See Publications, many of which are direct collaborations with non-ORCHESTRA institutes.
Start Year 2016
 
Description ORCHESTRA as an enabler of community science 
Organisation Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Country United States 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Collaborator Contribution Aside from extensive collaborations within the ORCHESTRA centres and the Met Office, active ORCHESTRA related collaborations are ongoing with three separate grant bids into the RoSES call and two large grant bids (SOO-SPLENDID/TICTOC). Active collaborations are underway with researchers from the University of Newcastle, University of Southampton, University of Gothenburg, Washington State University, L'OCEAN Paris, the University of Tasmania, and very many others. These collaborations have strengthened ORCHESTRA science by enabling and drawing benefit from non-NC funded science, and is in line with the ethos of LTSM science enabling the broader community.
Impact See Publications, many of which are direct collaborations with non-ORCHESTRA institutes.
Start Year 2016
 
Description A dedicated ORCHESTRA Facebook page 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A dedicated Facebook page for ORCHESTRA to share blogs, news and activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.facebook.com/orchestraproj/
 
Description Aerosol observations over the Bellingshausen Sea presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on aerosol observations over the Bellinhausen Sea EGU 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2018/EGU2018-3410-1.pdf
 
Description Audio piece: Oceans move heat and carbon dioxide around the globe - ES 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Audio piece for the ABC.net Science Show - ES
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/scienceshow/oceans-move-heat-and-carbon-dioxide-around...
 
Description BAS internal newsletter - Icesheet - ORCHESTRA Annual Meeting report (NF) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact BAS internal newsletter - Icesheet - ORCHESTRA Annual Meeting 2017 Report - Nina Fox
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description BBC Radio 4 Today prog - Antarctica and the Southern Ocean - Climate change (MM) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Martha Kearney and Tom Fielden went to Rothera and did a sequence of broadcasts about climate change, how it is impacting Antarctica and the Southern Ocean, and consequences for the rest of the planet. Mike Meredith was interviewed by them and spoke about Southern Ocean circulation and its role in planetary cycles of heat and carbon, and heat climate change.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description BGS Annual Science Review 2017-18 Mel Leng 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact BGS Annual Sciecne Review featuring a piece on ORCHESTRA by Mel Leng.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.bgs.ac.uk/annualreport/home.html?fbclid=IwAR2ait7tDD8Xl7YKtuCQqcCpxS29l5-9ViVPeWlTUVJncz...
 
Description Blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A cruise blog (drakepassageblog.wordpress.com) was maintained by Y. Firing on JR17001 and received more than 400 unique visitors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://drakepassageblog.wordpress.com
 
Description Blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On JC159 a cruise blog (24southatlantic.wordpress.com) has been set up, and daily tweets from the cruise account (@jc159_24s), sent to @orchestraproj and others, are being used to increase engagement.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://24southatlantic.wordpress.com
 
Description Blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On JR17003 a cruise blog (surroundingblue.wordpress.com) was maintained and E. Ford actively tweeted from the @orchestraproj account.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://surroundingblue.wordpress.com
 
Description Blog by Carol Arrowsmith: Start of a major new project 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog: The start of a major new research project - Carol Arrowsmith
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://orchestra.ac.uk/2018/11/05/blog-the-start-of-a-major-new-research-project/
 
Description Blog series 1-5 by Mel Leng 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A series of blogs by Mel Leng (1-5) from an ORCHESTRA cruise.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://orchestra.ac.uk/2018/11/26/blog-last-leg-of-orchestra-cruise-pt-5/
 
Description Blog: Crossing the Drake Passage in a Container - Felix Leung 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog: Crossing the Drake passage in a container by Felix Leung on RRS James Clark Ross at the Drake Passage expedition.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://orchestra.ac.uk/2018/11/23/blog-crossing-the-drake-passage-in-a-container/
 
Description Blog: Elephant Island - Aimee Coggins 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog by Aimee Coggins - Elephant Island - from a cruise.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://orchestra.ac.uk/2018/11/19/orchestra-cruise-jr18002-across-the-drake-passage/
 
Description Blog: Penguins on the Falkland Islands - Felix Leung 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog: Penguins on the Falkland Islands - Felix Leung - cruise blog from JR18002.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://orchestra.ac.uk/2018/11/12/blog-penguins-on-the-falkland-islands/
 
Description Blog: Sailing off towards the ice - Julia Ralent 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog: Sailing off towards the ice - cruise blog from JR18002. Julia Ralent.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://orchestra.ac.uk/2018/11/13/blog-sailing-off-towards-the-ice/
 
Description Blog: Science in the Sky - Ella Gilbert 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog by Ella Gilbert Science in the Sky
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.bas.ac.uk/project/orchestra/#blog
 
Description Blogs 1-4 - Science in the Sea - Ryan Scott 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog: Parts 1-4 by Ryan Scott: Science in the Sea
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.bas.ac.uk/project/orchestra/#blog
 
Description Cambridge 105 - Radio interview - Emma Boland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Radio interview with Emma Boland - climate science: Women Making Waves.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Cambridge Science Festival event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dan Jones and Emma Boland are co-hosting the Cambridge Science Festival event "Sensing the climate: how do we measure our changing planet?" in March as part of the Cambridge Centre for Climate Science. This will include a presentation on how oceanographers take observational measurements.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Drake Passage Blog DY113 cruise 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog from the DY113 cruise - Drake Passage.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://drakepassageblog.wordpress.com
 
Description DynOPO connection with ORCHESTRA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Strong media interest surrounded the DynOPO cruise, which is a separately-funded NERC project but one that connects strongly to ORCHESTRA and uses data that ORCHESTRA will be producing (moorings etc). Interviews were given by the ORCHESTRA PI (Mike Meredith) on BBC R4 Today programme, Sky TV News, various local radio outlets. ORCHESTRA participant Povl Abrahamsen was featured on the BBC website, plus numerous newspapers (Times, Guardian, Mail etc).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description IAPSO Constraining the role of the Southern Ocean in global climate: the ORCHESTRA programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact POSTER: IAPSO Constraining the role of the Southern Ocean in global climate: the ORCHESTRA programme
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description IPCC Special Report on Oceanography - Naked Scientists podcast (AMei) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion on PICC special report/oceanography - Naked Scientists podcast.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description IPCC special report - Oceanograhpy - Radio 5 Live (AMei) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Radio 5 Live interview with Andrew Meijers on the IPCC Special Report - Oceanography.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description LTSM NERC: Ocean Regulation of Climate through Heat and Carbon Sequestration and Transports - presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation to NERC Science Board.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Mentoring scheme - Uni of Cambridge - Emma Boland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Mentoring University of Cambridge AI4ER CDT guided team challenge on producing a future climate risk index. Emma Boland
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Missing Ocean Monitoring Instrument Found After Five Years At Sea (Eurasia Review) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Feature: Missing Ocean Monitoring Instrument Found After Five Years At Sea December 17, 2018 Eurasia Review:
After going missing on Christmas Day five years ago, deep ocean measuring equipment belonging to the UK's National Oceanography Centre (NOC) has just been found on a beach in Tasmania by a local resident after making an incredible 14,000 km journey across the ocean. Although the research project that this instrument was originally deployed for has now finished, research and annual measurements along the Drake Passage are continuing at the NOC. Currently they are conducted as part of the Ocean Regulation of Climate by Heat and Carbon Sequestration and Transports (ORCHESTRA) long term science programme. Funded by the Natural Environmental Research Council (NERC), this programme aims to use measurements of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, alongside computer simulations, to radically improve scientific understanding of the circulation of the Southern Ocean and its role in the global climate. This programme has a particular emphasis on the way the Southern Ocean absorbs and stores heat and carbon.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://www.eurasiareview.com/17122018-missing-ocean-monitoring-instrument-found-after-five-years-at-...
 
Description New dedicated ORCHESTRA website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A new dedicated ORCHESTRA website, with advantage of being able to add as much content as needed and with greater flexibility as to what content can be added.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://orchestra.ac.uk/
 
Description News feature: Missing Ocean Monitoring Instrument Found After Five Years at Sea 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Missing Ocean Monitoring Instrument Found After Five Years at Sea: After going missing on Christmas Day five years ago, deep ocean measuring equipment belonging to the UK's National Oceanography Centre (NOC) has just been found on a beach in Tasmania by a local resident after making an incredible 14,000 km journey across the ocean.

Although the research project that this instrument was originally deployed for has now finished, research and annual measurements along the Drake Passage are continuing at the NOC. Currently they are conducted as part of the Ocean Regulation of Climate by Heat and Carbon Sequestration and Transports (ORCHESTRA) long term science program. Funded by the Natural Environmental Research Council (NERC), this program aims to use measurements of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, alongside computer simulations, to radically improve scientific understanding of the circulation of the Southern Ocean and its role in the global climate. This program has a particular emphasis on the way the Southern Ocean absorbs and stores heat and carbon.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.oceannews.com/news/science-technology/missing-ocean-monitoring-instrument-found-after-fi...
 
Description News item: A team from Tyneside has arrived in Antarctica as part of ORCHESTRA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact News item mentioning ORCHESTRA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description News item: Antartide e cambiamenti climatici: più perdenti che vincitori tra le specie marine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Feature in Italian news.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.greenreport.it/news/clima/antartide-cambiamenti-climatici-piu-perdenti-vincitori-le-speci...
 
Description News item: Ceremony marks start of Attenborough polar ship construction 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC News item featuring ORCHESTRA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description News item: Missing Ocean Monitoring Instrument Found After Five Years at Sea (ENC mag) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Missing Ocean Monitoring Instrument Found After Five Years at Sea (one of several media reports) mentioning ORCHESTRA: Although the research project that this instrument was originally deployed for has now finished, research and annual measurements along the Drake Passage are continuing at the NOC. Currently they are conducted as part of the Ocean Regulation of Climate by Heat and Carbon Sequestration and Transports(ORCHESTRA) long term science programme. Funded by the Natural Environmental Research Council (NERC), this programme aims to use measurements of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, alongside computer simulations, to radically improve scientific understanding of the circulation of the Southern Ocean and its role in the global climate. This programme has a particular emphasis on the way the Southern Ocean absorbs and stores heat and carbon.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.ecnmag.com/news/2018/12/missing-ocean-monitoring-instrument-found-after-five-years-sea
 
Description News item: Missing ocean monitoring instrument found after five years at sea (AlphaGalileo) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Missing ocean monitoring instrument found after five years at sea - news item mentioning ORCHESTRA: Although the research project that this instrument was originally deployed for has now finished, research and annual measurements along the Drake Passage are continuing at the NOC. Currently they are conducted as part of the Ocean Regulation of Climate by Heat and Carbon Sequestration and Transports (ORCHESTRA) long term science programme. Funded by the Natural Environmental Research Council (NERC), this programme aims to use measurements of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, alongside computer simulations, to radically improve scientific understanding of the circulation of the Southern Ocean and its role in the global climate. This programme has a particular emphasis on the way the Southern Ocean absorbs and stores heat and carbon.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.alphagalileo.org/en-gb/Item-Display/ItemId/172214?returnurl=https://www.alphagalileo.org...
 
Description News item: Missing ocean monitoring instrument found after five years at sea (NewsWise) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Missing ocean monitoring instrument found after five years at sea - feature mentioning ORCHESTRA: Although the research project that this instrument was originally deployed for has now finished, research and annual measurements along the Drake Passage are continuing at the NOC. Currently they are conducted as part of the Ocean Regulation of Climate by Heat and Carbon Sequestration and Transports(ORCHESTRA) long term science programme. Funded by the Natural Environmental Research Council (NERC), this programme aims to use measurements of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, alongside computer simulations, to radically improve scientific understanding of the circulation of the Southern Ocean and its role in the global climate. This programme has a particular emphasis on the way the Southern Ocean absorbs and stores heat and carbon.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.newswise.com/articles/missing-ocean-monitoring-instrument-found-after-five-years-at-sea
 
Description News item: More 'losers' than 'winners' predicted for Southern Ocean seafloor animals 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact News item mentioning ORCHESTRA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-09/bas-mt090117.php
 
Description News item: More 'losers' than 'winners' predicted for Southern Ocean seafloor animals 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact News item mentioning ORCHESTRA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://healthmedicinet.com/i/more-losers-than-winners-predicted-for-southern-ocean-seafloor-animals/
 
Description News item: More Losers Than Winners For Southern Ocean Marine Life 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact News item mentioning ORCHESTRA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.publicnow.com/view/B4D7E2499660D3220533CEF9C25B2C1F9CDB969E
 
Description News item: More losers than winners for marine life in warmer Southern Ocean - "The future for a whole range of invertebrates from starfish to corals is bleak" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact News item featuring ORCHESTRA: This study was a result of the new and ambitious ORCHESTRA programme, funded by NERC. The programme spans five years and use a combination of data collection, analyses, and computer simulations to radically improve our ability to measure, understand and predict the circulation of the Southern Ocean and its role in the global climate. It will make unique and important new measurements in the Southern Ocean using a range of techniques, including use of RRS James Clark Ross and RRS Sir David Attenborough, as well as deployments of autonomous surface and underwater vehicles, the BAS meteorological aircraft, and other innovative techniques for collecting data. It will also involve the development and use of advanced ocean and climate simulations, to improve our ability to predict climatic change in coming decades.

More here: https://www.bas.ac.uk/project/orchestra/#about
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://beforeitsnews.com/v3/environment/2017/2583079.html
 
Description News item: Newcastle University team in Antarctica to take temperature of the ocean as part of research project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Newcastle Chronicle news feature: Dr Miguel Morales Maqueda, Alethea Mountford and Liam Rogerson, carrying out research in Antarctica as part of the ORCHESTRA project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/news/north-east-news/newcastle-university-team-antarctica-take-13959...
 
Description News item: RRS SDA ceremony 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact News item on Newsflog in USA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description News item: RRS SDA ceremony 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact News item: NewTideTime USA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description News item: RRS SDA ceremony 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact News item in Yemen: Qary Net
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description News item: RRS SDA ceremony 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact News item on Musique Cafe in the USA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description News item: Researchers Set out to Study the Southern Ocean 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Feature mentioning ORCHESTRA: Dr. Miguel Morales Maqueda, Alicia Mountford and Liam Rogerson from Newcastle University have joined the ORCHESTRA research project (Ocean Regulation of Climate by Heat and Carbon Sequestration and Transports) to carry out sea surface measurements using a Wave Glider.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.maritimeglobalnews.com/news/researchers-study-southern-ocean-cvemqe
 
Description News item: Researchers Set out to Study the Southern Ocean 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Feature including ORCHESTRA: ORCHESTRA will conduct several oceanography surveys and deploy moorings and autonomous vehicles incorporating a variety of sensors to help gain further insight into these problems. Explaining the involvement in the project, Dr. Maqueda said, "We have been invited to participate in ORCHESTRA on account of our expertise in the use of surface robotic systems to carry out sea surface measurements. We use a Wave Glider, which is an unmanned vehicle, to conduct surveys of the ocean surface measuring properties such as near-surface meteorology (wind, air pressure and air temperature), waves, ocean temperature and currents. The Wave Glider relays this information back to base via satellite.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.marinetechnologynews.com/news/researchers-study-southern-ocean-554508
 
Description News: Ceremony marks start of Attenborough polar ship construction 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC News item featuring ORCHESTRA project in relation to the new polar ship.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-37648915
 
Description ORCHESTRA display at SDA naming ceremony Ice Worlds Exhib (AB) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact ORHCESTRA display at the Ice Worlds Exhibition at the SDA naming ceremony event in Liverpool.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description ORCHESTRA general overview - BAS Internal Newsletter - IceSheet 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact BAS internal newsletter - Icesheet ORCHESTRA general overview - Mike Meredith
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description ORCHESTRA online and media 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An ORCHESTRA web domain for ORCHESTRA (www.orchestra.ac.uk) has been secured, and a wiki has been set up using that domain. Maintenance of facebook and twitter accounts has been ongoing to highlight ORCHESTRA progress and achievements. Direct engagement with the public via podcasts, TV and radio interviews and popular science book publications, as well as participation in science festivals.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description ORCHESTRA presentation at Cambridge Centre for Climate Science Climate science research in Cambridge - event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation as part of the Cambridge Centre for Climate Science
Climate science research in Cambridge - event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Outreach Video to Schools 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact An outreach video (mostly for secondary school students) about the SR1b and A23 repeat hydrographic section cruises. How measurements are made and why.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Outreach presentation: Bluedot Festival (PA) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Outreach at the Bluedot Festival (PA)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description PLANNED paper or poster at IUGG 2019 (TBC) - Alex Weiss 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A planned poster or paper (TBC) about ORCHESTRA boundary layer work: energy and co2 exchange processes - based on MASIN obs.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation AMei Climate Modelling in the ORCHESTRA project UKESM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Climate modelling presentation UKESM meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation Alex Weiss at EGU 2018: Airborne observations of the surface energy budget in the sea ice zone, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at EGU 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2018/EGU2018-3410-1.pdf
 
Description Presentation NOC Open Day: Antarctica and the wild Southern Ocean. STEM Career Talk - (Ben Moat) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact NOC Open Day: STEM career talk - 11-year olds and older. Live Skype link with Rothera Research Station.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation at the Arctic Circle Meeting (MMeredith) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact MM presentation at the Arctic Circle Meeting Oct 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation: 'Climate modelling in the ORCHESTRA project' - SCAR Meeting (AMei) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presenatation by AMeil at the SCAR Antarctic Climate Meeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation: Geophysical and Environmental Processes Seminar Series - (E Boland) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact EB presenting at the Dept of Applied Maths and Theoretical Physics at University of Cambridge.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation: High Resolution Modelling for Coupled Seamless Prediction (Pat Hyder) Met Office Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation on High Resolution Ocean Modelling for Coupled Seamless Prediction Met Office Meeting in Exeter April 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation: Oceanographic Moorings Knowledge Exchange Workshop - (PA) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oceanographic Moorings Knowledge Exchange Workshop (PA) June 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation: World Meteorlogical Organisation Meeting (MM) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation: WMO Meeting (MM)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentations at Ocean Sciences 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Four ORCHESTRA represenatives attended Ocean Sciences 2020 and had presentations and/or posters. San Diego.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Publication: A New PI for ORCHESTRA - Icesheet 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Internal BAS newsletter - Icesheet feature about Andrew Meijers being the new PI for ORCHESTRA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Publication: Icesheet - A Polar Medal for Mike Meredith - feature 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Feature in the internal BAS magazine about M Meredith receiving a Polar Medal.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Q&A about Antarctic Science with Primary School (Bradford on Avon) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Q&A about Antarctic science with Christ Church Primary School, Bradford-on-Avon - Antarctica Week 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Ship blog: sea ice, science and wildlife - Dan Jones 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Blog by Dan Jones on: sea ice, science and wildlife.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.bas.ac.uk/blogpost/ship-blog-sea-ice-science-and-wildlife/
 
Description Ship/lab tours 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Y. Firing, P. Brown, and B. King participated in activities around the upcoming UK-Brazil MOU at the beginning of JC159, including ship/lab tours of the RRS James Cook featuring posters on ORCHESTRA fieldwork.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description The ORCHESTRA Programme - Poster Presentation - AMei and EF - Polar 2018 - Davos 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presentation about the ORCHESTRA programme in Davos at Polar 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Twitter feed for ORCHESTRA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A dedicated ORCHESTRA Twitter feed with 747 followers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://twitter.com/ORCHESTRAPROJ
 
Description University of Cambridge primary school 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Dan Jones, Emily Shuckburgh and Emma Boland all took part in outreach at the University of Cambridge primary school in January on the topic of the Polar Regions with Reception-aged children.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Unlocking climate secrets from the deep waters of the Southern Ocean - MM 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Unlocking climate secrets from the deep waters of the Southern Ocean: Cambridge Independent - Mike Meredith - feature
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.cambridgeindependent.co.uk/business/british-antarctic-survey-scientists-use-seals-and-ro...
 
Description What sets the heat content of the Southern Ocean mixed layer? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at EGU2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2018/EGU2018-4910.pdf