GCRF Building capacity for sustainable interactions with marine ecosystems for health, wellbeing, food and livelihoods of coastal communities

Lead Research Organisation: University of Plymouth
Department Name: Sch of Biological and Marine Sciences

Abstract

Seas and coasts and the nature that lives in them provide multiple services (e.g. farmed and wild capture protein-rich seafood for local consumption and sale, coastal flood and storm defences, tourism, leisure, marine renewable energy, transport and climate regulation) that can be exploited or are passively used to support local economies and the health and well-being of coastal communities. Yet, there is an increasing demand for ocean space resulting from expanding use of the marine environment, and a growing awareness that much of the marine environment is deteriorating. In response a need for marine planning (MP) has grown globally to ensure sustainable use of marine space and extraction of its resources. This is particularly evident in E and SE Asia, where conflicts over marine space and resources are growing, added to by pressures of population growth
The capacity to implement MP throughout E and SE Asia is largely lacking and presents an overarching challenge: to improve the integrated management of marine and coastal environments to reduce conflict between users, mitigate risks associated with expanded or new uses, and protect fragile ecosystems while supporting livelihoods, food security, health and well-being of coastal communities. We will achieve this through collaborative international, interdisciplinary research, training and capacity building. Activities will focus on learning-by-doing among researchers, local stakeholders, and local communities to deliver research outcomes with potential for impact. We have five sub-challenges to address, aligning with three UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDG1 no poverty; SDG2 zero hunger; and SDG3 good health and well-being):
Challenge 1: Promote sustainable harvesting by reducing overexploitation of seafood and degradation of the environments, and promoting sustainable management of wild capture seafood and production of seafood through aquaculture.
Challenge 2: Prepare for climate change by understanding its direct and indirect effects on coastal communities and anticipating and mitigating the impacts e.g. coastal wetlands, reefs and mangroves dampen the effects of flooding, storms and tsunamis; their management plays a key role on human wellbeing beyond being sources of food.
Challenge 3: Promote good health: we aim to show how improved management of marine ecosystems may promote health and wellbeing benefits, including but not limited to food and nutrition, and reduce the health risks that arise from degraded and overexploited ecosystems.
Challenge 4: Identify opportunities for future growth: improved management can provide additional, sustainable, opportunities for growth via technologies such as marine renewable energy. We will need to recognise and account for synergies and trade-offs among uses of the marine environment under MP.
Challenge 5: Co-development and implementation of MP: marine plans need to be culturally-acceptable, facilitate growth of, and reduce risks to and conflicts among users of the marine environment, and simultaneously contribute to improving livelihoods, health and wellbeing and ensuring sustainable use of marine ecosystems.
We will focus research, (and learning-by-doing), on case studies in UNESCO Biosphere Reserves in Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines and China and marine protected areas in Malaysia.
Ultimately this project will deliver economic, social, health and wellbeing and environmental benefits to coastal communities in SE Asia via co-development of local research capacity, stakeholder engagement, and application of contextually relevant tools for MP that will endure well beyond the four-year programme. We anticipate a future where people can rely on restored and more resilient marine ecosystems that can be used sustainably to support and improve livelihoods. Delivery of that objective will in turn create durable collaborations between academic and non-academic partners to deliver research with transformative impact.

Planned Impact

Millions of people rely on marine and coastal ecosystems for food security, livelihoods and their health and well-being. Increasing demand for ocean space by marine users, conflict between them and growing awareness of the deteriorating state of many components of the marine environment, are all leading to the recognition of the global need for marine planning with community integration. In E/SE Asia, where marine activities are important contributors of GDP, marine spatial planning has been highlighted as a particular need. Through academic-stakeholder collaborations and capacity building, and with community co-creation, Blue Communities will support the development and management of the marine components of selected UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Reserves and marine parks in E/SE Asia. In so doing, it will provide lessons for the innovative application of integrated marine planning in E/SE Asia and beyond.
Non-academic beneficiaries will include UNESCO Biosphere Reserve/Marine Park personnel, regional and international marine and public health organisations (e.g. PEMSEA, APACPH), NGOs (e.g. INPLF, Blue Ventures, North Devon Biosphere Foundation), local and national government, sector representatives (e.g. fishers and tourism associations) and members of coastal communities. Ensuring successful engagement and the delivery of maximum benefit will require good communication, careful nurturing and sensitive management, with engagement strategies tailored for each group.
Co-production will form the basis of all research activities whereby relevant stakeholders and communities will be incorporated as equal partners in the research process. This will ensure that projects, and the Programme as a whole, respond to a demonstrable need. Stakeholder and coastal community representatives will be invited to join the Expert Advisory Panel, and will have the opportunity to steer the Programme to ensure that all outputs meet identified development challenges.
Stakeholders will benefit from being part of a strengthened interdisciplinary, international network, providing them with access to a range of academic expertise to support the implementation of marine planning. Project outputs will help end-users to make more informed decisions about sustainable use and management of the marine environment; which activities may promote the health and well-being of coastal communities; current and future opportunities for economic growth; and how to prepare for the impacts of climate change. Coastal communities associated with the Biosphere Reserves and Marine Park case studies will benefit from marine plans that incorporate their needs, reduce conflict with other users and support sustainable livelihood development.
All project materials and data will be available to interested stakeholders, including coastal communities, through the Blue Communities website, in the relevant languages. The website will be tailored to the programme's diverse audience with tiered content to provide various levels of accessibility. Information will also be disseminated to coastal communities through community meetings and specially designed materials, taking account of language and potential low levels of literacy. A programme of popular articles in local newspapers and interviews with local radio and TV stations will be pursued in partner E/SE Asian countries. Blue Communities will also hold a 'managers conference' towards the programme end, to showcase the new models, methods of marine spatial planning and other innovations. To this we will invite practitioners from the Western Indian Ocean, Caribbean and Pacific as well as from the UK and E/SE Asia.
Leveraging this four year Programme and its project activities, key beneficiaries will be invited to co-develop further collaborative and cutting-edge research related to marine spatial planning in the region, extending the impact of Blue Communities through enduring interactions.

Publications

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Lloret J (2021) Environmental and human health impacts of cruise tourism: A review. in Marine pollution bulletin

Related Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Award Value
NE/P021107/1 30/09/2017 30/06/2020 £5,847,902
NE/P021107/2 Transfer NE/P021107/1 01/07/2020 30/03/2022 £3,225,535
 
Description Research capacity has grown substantially in academic and stakeholder communities in 4 SE Asia countries: Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia and Indonesia. In addition capacity to undertake ODA related research has grown substantially among the UK researchers that have been involved in the project. Capacity growth has increased among individuals at all stages in their academic careers. In addition there has been institutional and organisational growth. Research has been produced that underpins stakeholders improved management of the marine environment to support the health, wellbeing, food security and livelihoods of people of coastal communities specifically in 4 case study sites and generally across SE Asia and other tropical marine environments.
Exploitation Route A legacy web site is being constructed. Stakeholders will be able to use policy briefs, tools, data, model output, research publications and reports concerning understanding on human health relations with conservation interventions in marine environments; human health benefits from coastal environments; governance and planning, ecosystem services and natural capital, in tropical marine environments including mapping and risks; economic and social value added of hand caught tuna fisheries; community involvement with scenarios for the future; future projections of the marine environment and fisheries under climate change scenarios; renewable energy development; remote sensing to inform marine management; capacity building. These can be used to inform business and enterprise decisions; national and local policy development, regulation and governance; development in UNESCO Biosphere Reserves; NGO policy, outreach and implementation; education in schools and universities
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Communities and Social Services/Policy,Construction,Creative Economy,Education,Energy,Environment,Financial Services, and Management Consultancy,Healthcare,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Retail,Security and Diplomacy,Transport

 
Description Elected Chair of the Partnership of the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in North Devon, 2019-
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact Adopted Marine Natural Capital Plan developed through the Marine Pioneer of the 25 Year Environment Plan and Natural Capital Strategy through its Landscape Pioneer
URL https://www.northdevonbiosphere.org.uk
 
Description Member of the Joint Committee that leads JNCC and has overall responsibility for its work.
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guideline committee
Impact As a member of the Joint Committee that leads JNCC and has overall responsibility for its work. JNCC is the public body that advises the UK Government and devolved administrations on UK-wide and international nature conservation. JNCC's work helps maintain and enrich biological diversity and conserve geological features. It also helps sustain natural systems, which provide the core "services" we all depend on like food, fresh water and clean air. In this way they contribute to economic growth and social well-being and are integral to sustainable development. JNCC itself is a forum that brings together the UK's four country conservation bodies. They advise Government and a wide range of bodies to help join up policy and to deliver a strong and cost-effective evidence base by helping to see that the best possible return is achieved from investment in research and surveillance in the UK and internationally. As chair of the Marine Protected Areas Sub-Committee we ensure that scientific advice on designating marine reserves across the UK is robust
URL http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/page-5349
 
Description Recorded dialogue with Amanda Solloway MP, Minister for Science, Research & Innovation for Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office COP26 activities
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
 
Description Sustainable development and resilience of UK coastal communities
Amount £113,377 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/V017454/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2021 
End 08/2024
 
Description Sustainable development and resilience of UK coastal communities
Amount £1,430,418 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/V016601/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2021 
End 08/2024
 
Title Marine Planning Trade-off Analysis (MaPTA) Tool 
Description Marine Planning Trade-off Analysis (MaPTA) is a tool designed to lead you on a step-by-step journey to identify the trade-offs arising from management interventions. It will help you to assess and decide the extent to which trade-offs are acceptable, or unacceptable, to different stakeholders. It will also encourage you to identify response options for mitigating, compensating for, or avoiding potentially harmful and unacceptable outcomes 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The tool has been pilotted in Palawan, Philippines: Participants reported: "Thought differently from beyond what I normally think, I don't think I have experienced a technique that has made me think this way." We have been approached by Flora and Fauna International, an NGO, about the possibility of piloting the tool with some of their upcoming marine projects. 
 
Title Participatory Marine Governance Analysis Handbook 
Description The Participatory Marine Governance Analysis (PMGA) handbook offers a toolkit for learning from marine governance innovations through the participation of those involved in their implementation. It provides tools that analyse the enablers and barriers to the successful implementation of marine governance innovations 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2022 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The handbook provided the reference guide for training over 25 Southeast Asian researchers in conducting participatory marine governance analysis. The use of handbook has resulted in three publications in high impact journals (one published, two under review). 
URL https://zenodo.org/record/6338294#.Yisu5xDP0-W
 
Title Marine environment climate change projections for Southeast Asian seas 
Description Projections of physical and biogeochemical conditions in Southeast Asian seas, 1980-2098, RCP4.5 and RCP8.5, derived from climate models. For more details see BlueCommunities_2d.dataset_description.pdf 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2021 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact This dataset has enabled (1) production of projections of change in fish species in Southeast Asian seas due to climate change and fishing pressure (doi:10.5281/zenodo.4281146) (2)a study of the impact of seawater temperature on coral reefs in the context of climate change for Cu Lao Cham - Hoi An Biosphere Reserve (doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.704682). Further studies are in preparation. 
URL https://zenodo.org/record/4775853
 
Description ICES WG Marine Planning and Coastal Zone Management 
Organisation Government of Scotland
Department Marine Scotland Directorate
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Ana Queiros is the joint lead of the Climate Change term of reference of the Working Group. She leads activities aiming to identify current mechanisms, and develop further ones, to help deliver climate-smart marine spatial plans. Ana brings her climate change research expertise to the group, which includes many colleagues from predominantly marine spatial planning policy across Europe and Canada.
Collaborator Contribution Partners bring predominantly knowledge of marine policy and governance, especially around Europe and Canada.
Impact Ana has, as a consequence of her participation, been involved in several invited contributions to high level stakeholder events, including giving an invited talk at the European Maritime Day 2021 (Dan Helder), a contribution to the UN Global Compact document "ROADMAP TO INTEGRATE CLEAN OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY INTO CLIMATE-SMART MARINE SPATIAL PLANNING", and a keynote talk at the NSBR eMSP conference 2022.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Blue Communities' Indonesian team continue to maintain news items on social media 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Team members from Universitas Nasional Indonesia Blue Communities' team continue to maintain news items on social media throughout 2021 via their Instagram account.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.instagram.com/cserm_unas/
 
Description Blue Communities' Philippines team continue to maintain news items on social media 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Western Philippines University Blue Communities' team members continue to maintain news items on social media throughout 2021 via their Facebook page.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.facebook.com/BlueCommunitiesPhilippines
 
Description Contribution to online Networking Session (21st May 2021) at Ocean Visions 2021 conference. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Recorded Contribution 'Blue Communities: Building capacity for sustainable interactions with marine ecosystems in Southeast Asia' delivered at online Networking Session (21st May 2021) at Ocean Visions 2021 conference. The presentation was made by Mel Austen and supported at the event by Prof Lora Fleming.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://agu.confex.com/agu/OVS21/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/787064
 
Description PANEL SPEAKER FOR INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TROPICAL SCIENCES: CONTRIBUTIONS TO SUSTAINABILITY 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Participated 26 October 2021 as a panel member in a discussion on Sustainable Blue Economy in the Tropics at the International Conference on Tropical Sciences (TropSc) : Contributions to Sustainability 2021.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://msa-foundation.org/TropSc2021/programme/
 
Description speaker at the International Partnership Workshop For Early Career Researchers (ECRs) in Malaysia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact speaker at the International Partnership Workshop For Early Career Researchers (ECRs) jointly organised by the Newton-Ungku Omar Fund (NUOF) and the Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) Blue Communities Malaysian Case Study, aiming at preparing the ECRs for international interdisciplinary research collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description A website post on the HNUE Biology Department was published in Vietnamese 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact A web article was posted on the website of Biology Dept. (HNUE) about the joint country paper of GCRF BC P3
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://bio.hnue.edu.vn/Nghi%C3%AAn-c%E1%BB%A9u/C%C3%B4ng-b%E1%BB%91-m%E1%BB%9Bi/T%E1%BA%A1p-ch%C3%A...
 
Description Amy Then, Universiti Malaya presented at the 2021 Sustainability Research and Innovation Congress (SRI2021) online 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Amy Then was selected as one of the Early Career Champions for the 2021 Sustainability Research and Innovation Congress (SRI2021) Early Career Research Programme held from 12th - 15th June 2021 online and onsite (Brisbane, Australia).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blog featured on Newton-GCRF website authored by colleagues from Universiti Malaya 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog article authored by Wan Nur Syazana Wan Mohamad Ariffin, Eva Vivian Justine, Muhammad Ashraf Abdul Rahman, Nurul Kamila Mohd Yusof, Wan Mohd Syazwan Wan Solahudin (GCRF Blue Communities Malaysia) featured on Newton-GCRF website as a data insights blog.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.newton-gcrf.org/impact/data-insights-blog/why-we-must-involve-young-people-in-our-resear...
 
Description Blog written by WPU team members featured on Newton-GCRF website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog featured on Newton-GCRF website authored by WPU team members entitled "Science and survival with the blue communities of Palawan"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.newton-gcrf.org/impact/data-insights-blog/science-and-survival-with-the-blue-communities...
 
Description Blue Communities - Philippines Information, Education and Communication Kick-off Meeting with 4 Barangays in Taytay, Palawan, Philippines 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Western Philippines University team members organised and deliever Blue Communities - Philippines Information, Education and Communication Kick-off Meeting with 4 Barangays in Taytay, Palawan, Philippines with local leaders, village teachers and peoples organization on February 15 to 18, 2021
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities 4th Annual Meeting: 21-28 July 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Blue Communities 4th Annual Meeting was held online and attended by over 120 international participants. In addition to a series of presentations which was open to external participants for the first 2 days of the meeting, a series of workshops and internal training opportunities for programme participants took place over 5 days. These included a workshop organised by the Early Career Researchers on Project Management, and individual writing workshops, data analysis workshops and communications workshops.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities Malaysian team continue to maintain news items on social media 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Blue Communities' Malaysian team continue to maintain news items on social media via their Facebook page.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.facebook.com/BlueCommunitiesMY
 
Description Blue Communities Seminar Series: Session 1 - Prof. Dr.Enny Sudarmonowati, The UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The first of the Blue Communities Seminar Series was launched with a talk presented by Prof. Dr.Enny Sudarmonowati, President of UNESCO's Man and Biosphere (MAB) International Coordinating Council (ICC). This was held via Zoom and international external participants as well as project participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Blue Communities Seminar Series: Session 10 - Asep Pranayaja, S.Pi. & Zul Janwar, S.Kel,M.Si. Achieving SDGs with Local Communities in Taka Bonerate Kepulauan Selayar Biosphere Reserve 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The tenth of the Blue Communities Seminar Series was hosted by the project office with talks presented by two speakers who had been invited by our project partner, Universitas Nasional, Asep Pranayaja, S..Pi. from the Taka Bonerate National Park talked about "Taka Bonerate National Park Community Based Management" and Zul Janwar, S.Kel,,M.Si. from the Agency for Marine Affairs and Fisheries of Kepulauan Selayar Regency, talked about "Collaborative Marine and Fisheries Management in Selayar". Taka Bonerate Kepulauan Selayar Biosphere Reserve is located in the Flores Sea, south of Sulawesi island of Indonesia. This was held via Zoom and international external participants as well as project participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities Seminar Series: Session 11 - Dr Peter Miller, Dr Andrey Kurekin, Dr Emma Sullivan and Dr Olivia Langmead. Remote sensing, mapping and modelling of ecosystem services 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The third of the Blue Communities Seminar Series was hosted by the project office with talks presented by Dr Peter Miller, Dr Andrey Kurekin, Dr Emma Sullivan (from Plymouth Marine Laboratory) and Dr Olivia Langmead (from the University of Plymouth). The first three presentations were about "Earth Observation Approaches in Blue Communities", "Aquaculture site mapping from satellite" and "Coastal Habitat Mapping and Protected Areas from Satellite", and the fourth about "Mapping and Modelling Ecosystem Services". This was held via Zoom and international external participants as well as project participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities Seminar Series: Session 12 - Zacari Edwards, Heri Heri, Dr Nicholas McClean, Dr Umi Muawanah - How Indonesia is making strides to include socio-economic indicators in its management of local tuna fisheries 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The twelfth of the Blue Communities Seminar Series was hosted by the project office. Project partner International Pole & Line Foundation (IPNLF) invited speakers and included talks presented by Zacari Edwards (Socio Economic Manager, IPNLF), Heri Heri (Indonesia Program Technical Advisor, IPNLF), Dr Nicholas McClean (Socio-economic Researcher, University of Technology Sydney), and Dr Umi Muawanah (Fisheries Economist, Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, SOSEK), The speakers gave presentations about how Indonesia is making strides to include socio-economic indicators in its management of local tuna fisheries.






This was held via Zoom and international external participants as well as project participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities Seminar Series: Session 13 - Karen Madarcos, Lea Janine Gajardo & Ziedwrick Ayson Dicar (WPU). Ways to create video and visually impactful presentations 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The thirteenth of the Blue Communities Seminar Series was hosted by the project office with talks presented Karen Madarcos, Lea Janine Gajardo & Ziedwrick Ayson Dicar from the Western Philippines University where they shared their experiences and advised on "Ways to create video and visually impactful presentations." They are early career researchers and this built capacity and shared skills with UK partners benefitting as well as overseas partners. A panel session including the Communications Officer, Kelly-Marie Davidson enabled discussions. This was held via Zoom and international external participants as well as project participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities Seminar Series: Session 14 - Dr Voon Ching Lim, Dr Radisti Ayu Praptiwi, and Edgar Jose - Early Career Reseachers' Pilot Projects 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The fourteenth of the Blue Communities Seminar Series was hosted by the project office with talks presented by Dr Voon Ching Lim (Monash University), Dr Radisti Ayu Praptiwi (Universitas Nasional), and Edgar Jose (Western Philippines University). They are early career researchers conducting research that supports the objectives of Blue Communities. This was held via Zoom and international external participants as well as project participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities Seminar Series: Session 15 - Ms Aimee Gonzales. An introduction to PEMSEA - a model of regional, coastal and ocean governance mechanisms 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The fifteenth of the Blue Communities Seminar Series was hosted by the project office with a seminar presented by Ms Aimee Gonzales, Executive Director of the Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA). This was held via Zoom and international external participants as well as project participants joined the session. As Blue Communities had organised a Collab for PEMSEA's East Seas Congress, this enabled the audience to see how the work of Blue Communities has relevance to international organisations such as PEMSEA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities Seminar Series: Session 2 - Dr Vik Mohan, Andy Bell & Zacari Edwards. NGO Partnerships with Blue Communities 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The second of the Blue Communities Seminar Series was hosted by the programme office. Presentations were given by Dr. Vik Mohan, Director of Community Health at Blue Ventures Conservation; Mr Andy Bell, the international projects development lead for the UK National Committee for the MaB programme; and Mr. Zacari Edwards, Socio Economic Manager at the International Pole and Line Foundation. The three speakers represent the NGO partners of Blue Communities and talked about the work of Blue Communities contributes to the objectives of their three NGOs. This was held via Zoom and international external participants as well as project participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Blue Communities Seminar Series: Session 3 - Liliana Bastian, Timur Jack-Kadioglu & Anastasia Voronkova. Stories from the field 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The third of the Blue Communities Seminar Series was hosted by the project office with talks presented by Liliana Bastian, Timur Jack-Kadioglu & Anastasia Voronkova from the University of Exeter. They shared the lessons learned and initial findings from their fieldwork in the Case Study countries. They are early career researchers conducting research that supports the objectives of Blue Communities. This was held via Zoom and international external participants as well as project participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Blue Communities Seminar Series: Session 4 - Prof. Sabina Leonelli . Research Data Management: Responsible and Open? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The fourth of the Blue Communities Seminar Series was hosted by the project office with a talk presented by Prof Sabine Leonelli, Professor in Philosophy and History of Science at the University of Exeter. Prof Leonelli discussed the ethics of research data management; possible scientific and social problems deriving from data mishandling; the issues of trust that emerge among research communities when it comes to data sharing; and the tricky dilemmas confronted by us all as researchers when trying to make data scrutinisable and re-usable, while also being mindful of their social and political value. . This was held via Zoom and international external participants as well as project participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities Seminar Series: Session 5 - Lea Janine Gajardo, Joel Sumeldan & Recca Sajorne. The challenges and joys of working with the communities in Palawan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The fifth of the Blue Communities Seminar Series was hosted by the project office with talks presented by Lea Janine Gajardo, Joel Sumeldan & Recca Sajorne from the Western Philippines University. They are early career researchers conducting research that supports the objectives of Blue Communities. This was held via Zoom and international external participants as well as project participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities Seminar Series: Session 6 - Dr. Maklarin Lakim. A Journey towards a Sustainable Marine Park 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The sixth of the Blue Communities Seminar Series was hosted by the project office with a talk presented by Dr. Maklarin Lakim, Director of Sabah Parks, who was invited by project partner, University of Malaya. This was held via Zoom and international external participants as well as project participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities Seminar Series: Session 7 - Isabel Richter, Susan Kay, Sevrine Sailley & Ana Queiros. Looking into the future: how Blue Communities' research is shedding light on the future for people, for the environment and for climate-resilient marine spatial planning 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The seventh of the Blue Communities Seminar Series was hosted by the project office with talks presented by Isabel Richter, Susan Kay, Sevrine Sailley & Ana Queiro from the University of Plymouth, and Plymouth Marine Laboratory. They are researchers conducting research that supports the objectives of Blue Communities across several of the sub-projects. This was held via Zoom and international external participants as well as project participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities Seminar Series: Session 8 Mr Le Ngoc Thao & Dr Nguyen Thu Ha. Changes in the Cu Lao Cham - Hoi An Biosphere Reserve 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The eighth of the Blue Communities Seminar Series was hosted by the project office with talks presented. They are researchers conducting research that supports the objectives of Blue Communities. This was held via Zoom and international external participants as well as project participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities Vietnamese team continue to maintain news items on social media 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Colleagues from Hanoi National University of Education have continued to maintain and upload news articles and photographs from their Blue Communities related activities on their Facebook page throughout the year.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.facebook.com/Blue-Communities-Viet-Nam-968220886901391/
 
Description Blue Communities Workshop: Data Management and Intellectual Property 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact An internal workshop for Blue Communities programme participants was hosted by the project office and lead by Blue Communities' Data Management Committee. Followin a general presentation, programme participants discussed their data management processes and shared best practice in breakout rooms - findings were used to update the Data Management guidance for the programme - thus building capacity and providing training. This was held via Zoom and international programme participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities Workshop: Impact of Blue Communities' Work 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact An internal workshop for Blue Communities programme participants was hosted by the project office and included presentations from representatives from each of the ODA partners (Fatimah Kari, University of Malaya; Ben Gonzales, Western Philippines University; Duong Minh Lam, Hanoi National University of Education; and Asep Adhikerana, Universitas Nasional, who each gave presentations outlining examples of pathways to impact that had occurred in each country. Programme participants then received training on how to record and monitor pathways to impact and a Q&A panel session followed - thus building capacity and providing training. This was held via Zoom and international programme participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities Workshop: Sofia Fernandez - Making Sense of the Open Research Landscape 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact A workshop for Blue Communities programme participants and interested external parties was hosted by the project office and delivered by Sofia Fernandes, the Open Research Manager at the University of Exeter, who talked about open access publishing, journal practices, the DORA principles and horizon scanning for future trends in these areas - thus building capacity and providing training. This was held via Zoom and international participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities Workshop: Tips for Delivering Effective Presentations 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact An internal workshop for Blue Communities programme participants was hosted by the project office. Following a series of presentations in different styles (including Pecha Kucha and video-narrative), programme participants discussed different ways to deliver impactful presentations through a panel Q&A sessions - thus building capacity and providing training. This was held via Zoom and international programme participants joined the session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities team members from UNAS participated in the Universitas Nasional's 72nd anniversary event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The Indonesian team members who are based in Jakarta participated in UNAS 72nd anniversary event, by holding a session specifically for the dissemination of Blue Communities project. The event was attended by researchers from research centres at UNAS.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Blue Communities website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The website continues to be updated with latest news from the programme including: announcement about the photography competition; article on engagement with Amanda Solloway MP; summary of the ASM; funding awards as a result of BC collaborations, and news about the release of a research output.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.blue-communities.org/News_Events
 
Description Blue Communities- Sustainable Interactions with Marine Ecosystems: PEMSEA Collab Event for East Asian Seas Congress 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Blue Communities hosted and organised a Collab Event in the lead up to the PEMSEA East Asian Seas Congress, the theme for which was "Charting a New Decade of HOPE (Healthy Ocean, People, and Economies)." External parties were invited to join the discussions on Ecosystem services from natural capital in the Southeast Asia region and presentations on the following topics were given, along with panel sessions:
• Links between the marine coastal environment, ecosystems and human health
• Predicted changes in marine resources due to climate change and how to prepare for them
• Trade-offs between conflicting demands on marine resources from different users
• Strategies for effective communication with and engagement of stakeholders

Blue Communities submitted recommendations to the Royal Government of Cambodia and PEMSEA as part of the ESA Congress 202.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://eascongress2021.pemsea.org/
 
Description Colleague from HNUE presented at International scientific conference on the prospect of social interdisciplinary research collaboration 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Dr. Nguyen Thu Ha from Hanoi National University of Education presented the Blue Communities interdisciplinary research: Community perception on coastal environmental drivers/pressures in Hoi An, Vietnam in the "International scientific conference on the prospect of social interdisciplinary research collaboration" organised by University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University on 22nd October 2021.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleague from Universitas Nasional led dissemination activities to village governments and local communities in Tambolongan and Polassi 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact CSERM UNAS representative, Sainal, led a team of local facilitators to visit Tambolongan and Polassi with main activities of: 1. Preparation and coordination for dissemination activities with village governments of Tambolongan and Polassi. 2. As part of preparing the dissemination materials, a local photographer was hired to take photos of coral diversity in Tambolongan & Polassi according to the results of the assessment conducted by the research team (Wulan, Sainal and Fauzan) to be included in biodiversity book, which will be distributed to local communities and Office for Education Selayar. 3. Participated and contributed in local workshop event held by Tambolongan and Polassi village governments on Capacity Building to Improve Local Products.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleague from Universiti Malaya presented a webinar hosted by the Sabah & Sarawak Affairs Division 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Prof Fatimah Kari, a member of the Blue Communities Malaysia team presented at a webinar hosted by the Sabah & Sarawak Affairs Division (Prime Minister's Department). She talked about the strategy for economic recovery of Sabah and Sarawak during and after the COVID-19. The webinar session was held on 29 June 2021.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleague from Universiti Malaya presented and was a panel member at IGEM 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Eva Vivian Justine from the Universiti Malaya Blue Communities team, participated as a presenter and panellist in the "Communicating Science for Climate Action" at the at International Greentech & Eco Products Exhibition & Conference Malaysia (IGEM) 2021 conference. IGEM is organised by the Ministry of Environment & Water (KASA) through Malaysian Green Technology & Climate Change Centre (MGTC).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleague from Universiti Malaya presented at the 2021 International Conference on Biosphere and Sustainability (ICBS) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Goh Hong Ching presented on behalf of BC MY 'Responding to SDGs: Case Study of Tun Mustapha park, Sabah, Malaysia' at the 2021 International Conference on Biosphere and Sustainability (ICBS) on 12th November 2021.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleague from Universiti Malaya presented at the APEC Sustainable Coastal Cities Symposium 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Vivian Kuit presented the preliminary findings from the citizen science litter audit and online survey on perceptions towards marine plastic pollution in Sabah at the APEC Sustainable Coastal Cities Symposium on 26th November 2021 during the Technology and Innovation for Sustainable Coastal Cities session.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleague from Universiti Malaya presented at the Centre for Sustainable Urban Planning & Real Estate (SUPRE) webinar series 2021 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Hong Ching Goh, from Universiti Malaya presented work from Blue Communities at the Centre for Sustainable Urban Planning & Real Estate (SUPRE) webinar series 2021 with a talk entitled "An introduction to netmap as a tool for stakeholder analysis" on 22nd September 2021.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleague from WPU presented at the Marine Pollution Awareness-Southeast Asian Youth Leadership Program (SEAYLP)-Daloy Dalisay Program 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Karen Madarcos from the Western Philippines University was invited as a keynote speaker at the Marine Pollution Awareness-Southeast Asian Youth Leadership Program (SEAYLP)-Daloy Dalisay Program, Quito, Bagong Silang, Puerto Princesa City. September 25, 2021
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleague from WPU presented at the Scientific Planning Workshop on the Population Management of Indo-Pacific Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) in Palawan, Philippines 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Dr. Benjamin Gonzales from Western Philippines University was invited to join the Scientific Planning Workshop on the Population Management of Indo-Pacific Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) in Palawan, Philippines on September 7 to 8, 2021
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleagues from HNUE delivered GIS training course to Cu Lao Cham - Hoi An Biosphere Reserve staff 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Colleagues from Hanoi National University of Education provided training and delivered a GIS course to Cu Lao Cham - Hoi An Biosphere Reserve staff members. Building further capacity to end users beyond the academic stakeholders.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Colleagues from HNUE presented work from the Vietnamese Blue Communities team at an event for Mundus maris 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Colleagues from HNUE, Dr Duong Minh Lam, presented work from the Vietnamese Blue Communities team at an event for Mundus maris and the Small-Scale Fisheries Academy in August 2021.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleagues from UNAS facilitated a workshop for local stakeholders 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A workshop was held at Grand Savero Hotel, Bogor, from 22 to 25 November 2021, and administered by CSERM-UNAS. The workshop participants were seven personels representing the Taka Bonerate National Park, the Agency of Fisheries and Maritime Affairs, and the turtle conservation community in Selayar Islands. Representing the Taka Bonerate National Park were Mr. Asep Pranajaya, Mr. Khoirul Anam, Ms. Andi Muthmainnah, and Mr. Sunadi Buki. Representing the Agency of Fisheries and Maritime Affairs were Mr. Zul Janwar and Mr. Andi Ridha Nurafdal. The turtle conservation community in Selayar Islands was represented by Mr. Datu. A number of CSREM researchers also participated in the workshop, namely: research assistants (Dwi Cahyo, Sainal, Fauzan) and research fellows (Dr. Tatang Mitra Setia and Dr. Asep Adhikerana). Three national level stakeholders and experts were invited to this workshop, namely Dr. Matheus Halim, Mr. Tegas Gentur from the Seribu Islands National Park, and Ms. Susi Sumaryati from the Karimunjawa National Park.
Dr. Halim, who has vast experiences in both researches and conservation actions of sea turtles in Indonesia, guided the participants in gaining the knowledge on sea turtle ecology and conservation. Mr. Gentur provided the experiences of sea turtle conservation in his national park, while Ms. Sumaryati guided and encouraged the participants to develop a concept of the strategic plan for sea turtle conservation in Selayar Islands. The first day of the workshop was spent for two main activities: dissemination of
Blue Communities activities conducted in the past 4 years, and introduction session aimed to increase the knowledge of the participants about sea turtle ecology, guided by Dr. Halim. The first half of the second day was spent by Dr. Halim to describe sea turtle breeding technique. This was followed up by Mr. Gentur who explained the experiences of Seribu Island National Park in breeding the sea turtle anchored on the islands. The remaining session was spent by Ms. Sumaryati to guide and encourage the participants in developing a strategic plan for turtle conservation on Selayar Islands.
At the end of this workshop, the participants and Blue Communities Indonesia team successfully brought back a number of important notes to develop a strategic plan in Selayar, which consist of three programs: (a) habitat management, (b) community socio-economic improvement, and (c) institutional strengthening. Nevertheless, the participants expressed their hope of getting support from CSERM in developing strategic plans in near future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleagues from UNAS have been sharing media assets in the format of video via their YouTube Channel 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact A series of films have been produced by team members (Carya Maharja) from Universitas Nasional telling the stories of coastal communities in the Blue Communities case study site in Indonesia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021,2022
URL https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC3atuVJrpaCFxdIkR4H_0XQ
 
Description Colleagues from UNAS worked with stakeholders 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Colleagues from UNAS worked with stakeholders with Taka Bonerate National Park and local community members to assist them in conducting carrying capacity study for tourism development in national park area.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleagues from Universiti Malaya shared Blue Communities' study findings with key stakeholders 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact field visit to Sabah was to engage and share the project 2, 3/8, 6, 10 and marine plastic pollution study findings with the key stakeholders as well introduce the Sime Darby's SECA project. BC MY members who participated were Hong Ching, Amira, Vivian, Sofia, Eva and Maznah. Among the stakeholders engaged during the visit were Sabah Parks (both headquarter and Kudat office), Kudat Area Health Office, Sabah State Education Department, District Education Office, District Offices (Kudat and Kota Marudu), WWF-Malaysia and secondary schools in Kudat and Kota Marudu.The team hired a local videographer that documented video interviews with several local stakeholders and BC MY members including Augustine Binson (Sabah Parks), Sofia Johari (BC MY & KTCS), Vijay Ragavan (school teacher) and Hong Ching (BC MY) as requested by the UK team for Blue Communities-related films. Sime Darby Foundation's SECA project - During the field visit, team members from BC MY including Hong Ching, Amira, Vivian and Sofia, together with Dr Rahimatsah and Reena from Sabah Environmental Trust, attended a meeting with the Sabah State Education Department (JPNS) on 17th January 2022. The SECA program was introduced to the representatives during the session. It was noted that the current guideline on the management and operation of schools during the pandemic still does not allow any individual or agencies that are not related to JPNS to enter school premises and conduct physical activities with students and teachers. The team submitted an application letter to JPNS to conduct the SECA program. The team was advised by JPNS to apply for recognition of the program to the Ministry of Education 45 days before conducting the program. The team was unable to set up meetings with District Education Offices but passed the presentation slides to the offices. The team also had meetings with potential schools to be involved in the program including Abdul Rahim Secondary School and Tandek Secondary School in order to brief the teachers about the program.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Colleagues from WPU Collaborated with Palawan Council for Sustainable Development Staff (PCSDS) through the 2021 International Conference on Biosphere and Sustainability 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Colleagues from Western Philippines University collaborated with Palawan Council for Sustainable Development Staff (PCSDS) in celebrating the 50th year's UNESCO MAB Anniversary and co-organised the 2021 International Conference on Biosphere and Sustainability. Blue Communities were given a 1-hour panel discussion to present its findings and accomplishments that contribute towards the attainment of Sustainable Development Goals in Southeast Asia.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleagues from WPU completed their research internships under the Southeast Asia Ocean Profession Programme (SEAOPP 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Two of the research associates (LJ Gajardo and JR Madarcos) from Western Philippines University Blue Communities team completed their research internship under the Southeast Asia Ocean Profession Programme (SEAOPP). This programme is an initiative of East-West Center in Hawaii, USA and is hosted under the decade programme Early Career Ocean Professional (ECOP).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Colleagues from WPU conducted Fish Talk featuring Victor Brun of Centre of Island Research and Environmental Observatory, France in partnership with CFAS of WPU 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact WPU team conducted Fish Talk featuring Victor Brun of Centre of Island Research and Environmental Observatory, France in partnership with CFAS of WPU. It was attended by 138 students, researchers, local and national government representatives, and private individuals.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleagues from WPU conducted education campaigns to increase capacity and share knowledge to communities 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Colleagues from Western Philippines University generated videos and PPTs on ecosystem services, coastal resource management, and marine plastic litter used by other WPU projects in education campaigns with more than 500 participants from 10 communities in Palawan MAB
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleagues from WPU delivered the Information Education and Communication Campaign Series 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Colleagues from Western Philippines University conducted the last leg of the Information Education and Communication Campaign Series (IEC CS) entitled "Using multimedia information campaigns for community-based and ecosystem-based management of marine coastal areas" in Taytay, Palawan on December 5 to 13, 2021 with 189 participants attending the training events. Participants were from the Barangays of Liminangcong, Pamantolon, New Guinlo and Biton started with Introduction of the Blue Communities as a research programme under CFAS and Western Philippines University. It was followed by the review of the IEC Plan from Barangay Case Study areas and the trend in the province of Palawan where coastal marine issues were identified by local representatives. This was then connected to the presentation of the overview and schedule of activity and the reminders and protocols on ethics, social distancing and safe space.
To cap the activities, an open forum on marine environment management was also done. This was followed by the turnover of IEC materials from BCPh and CFAS. These include a "Power of Three Ecosystems" plywood sized painting, 5 photography boards on "Ocean and Human Health" and 3 tarpaulins on marine plastic litter, Strategic Environmental Plan for Palawan and Fisheries Code of the Philippines.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleagues from WPU provided mentoring on Research Ethics Certification Applications 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Colleagues from Western Philippines University provided mentoring on Research Ethics Certification Application with Palaweno researchers on September 24, 2021 (via Zoom).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Colleagues from WPU visited the area of Taytay which was badly affected by supertyphoon Odette (Rai) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Colleagues from Western Philippines University disseminated 200 pieces BC shirts , 32 pieces 2022 Blue Communities Calendar to 4 coastal villages and 4 Municipal Offices in Taytay, Palawan; visited Typhoon Odette (Rai) affected coastal areas and provided small relief to BC partners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Dr. Benjamin Gonzales from WPU attended the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Orientation meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Dr. Benjamin Gonzales attended the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Orientation meeting on measuring the Illegal, Unregulated, and Unrecorded (IUU) fisheries among Philippine municipalities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Dr. LA Creencia was invited to present in a Webinar entitled: Youth for Fisherfolk and Food Security 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr. LA Creencia from Western Philippines University was invited as a resource person in a Webinar entitled: Youth for Fisherfolk and Food Security
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.facebook.com/watch/live/?ref=watch_permalink&v=4145701085494718
 
Description Ecological Risk Assessment Workshop Series 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a series of workshops held between October 2021 and January 2022 training participants in applying an ecological risk assessment. Participants were marine science researchers and professionals from Vietnam, Malaysia, Philippines and Indonesia. Approximately 25 people particiapted in one or more workshop. The approach allowed participants to think about the marine system from a different perspective and they discussed this with professional practitioners in their region. Participants agreed to be involved in carrying out a risk assessment for their region to develop a decision making tool for marine management.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021,2022
 
Description Fleming LE and Goh HC, invited Panelists. Planetary Health Hackathon: Masterclass #HackthePlanet "Health and Environmental issues" Garage Stories (Barcelona) online 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact a 1 hour panel discussion around planetary health attended by participants in the Hackathon
DKV and MWCapital are promoting "Hack The Planet", a hackathon seeking innovative projects that help people move from environmental awareness to action https://mobileworldcapital.com/en/pressrelease/dkv-and-mwcapital-are-promoting-hack-the-planet-a-hackathon-seeking-innovative-projects-that-help-people-move-from-environmental-awareness-to-action/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://mobileworldcapital.com/en/pressrelease/dkv-and-mwcapital-are-promoting-hack-the-planet-a-hac...
 
Description GCRF Blue Communities was included in the New Year 2022 speech ceremony by the Universiti Malaya's Vice-Chancellor 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact GCRF Blue Communities was included in the New Year 2022 speech ceremony by the UM's Vice-Chancellor and noted to be one of the high impact research projects involving Universiti Malaya staff members (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KbqjoWXyomQ minute 56.50)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KbqjoWXyomQ
 
Description Good Development article featured on Newton-GCRF website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Good Development article featured on Newton-GCRF website following a meeting where Professor Melanie Austen and Dr Hong Ching Goh joined Minister Amanda Solloway to discuss their research programme that explores how the impacts of climate change on the marine environment is affecting coastal communities' livelihoods, food, employment and well-being.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.newton-gcrf.org/impact/climate-action/good-development/
 
Description Hanoi National University of Education: Research Results Workshop for Blue Communities March 2022 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Blue Communities team from Hanoi National University of Education organised a workshop for presenting research results from Blue Communities. Local (Vietnamese) representatives from 1) the UK embassy in Hanoi, 2) Ministry of Science and Technology, 3) Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Nha Trang University, 4) Vietnam National University of Agriculture, 5) Hanoi University of Natural Resources and Environment, 6) HNUE (Faculty of Biology, Geology and Social Work-lecturers and Graduate students), and 7) CLC-HA MPA and Biosphere Reserves, were invited, as well as the Blue Communities Programme participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Indonesian Case Study Lead met with key local stakeholders 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A year-4 coordination meeting was held between Pak Jito as BC Indonesia case study lead and key local stakeholders (Pak Faat as Head of Taka Bonerate National Park; and Vice Regent of Selayar) to discuss remaining activities to be implemented and potential future collaboration. The meeting was also attended by Prof. Enny Sudarmonowati from BRIN (Indonesia Research and Innovation Council), and Pak Asep from CSERM.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Invited speaker TropSci discourse event organised by The Mahathir Science Award Foundation (MCAF) and the Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation 'Interdisciplinary Research for Sustainable Use of Tropical Marine Resources' given on 28/09/21 as a pre-conference event to provide background for The International Conference on Tropical Sciences: contributions to Sustainability
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://msa-foundation.org/TropSc2021/pre-event/
 
Description Mr. John Roderick Madarcos from WPU attended the Schools for the Planet Virtual Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Mr. John Roderick Madarcos from Western Philippines Univesrity attended the Schools for the Planet Virtual Workshop on May 22, 2021 as a speaker discussing Marine Pollution
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description News article "Blue Communities includes Marudu, Pitas in festival" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Work conducted by Blue Communities colleagues in Malaysia was featured in a news article "Blue Communities includes Marudu, Pitas in festival" in the Daily Express (independent national newspaper of East Malaysia).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL http://www.dailyexpress.com.my/news/175643/blue-communities-includes-marudu-pitas-in-festival/?fbcli...
 
Description News article: Malaysia's largest marine park in Sabah benefits local community 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact News article on New Straits Times about the work that Blue Communities team members from Universiti Malaya have conducted in Sabah.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2021/03/678150/malaysias-largest-marine-park-sabah-benefits-local...
 
Description P6 cross-country paper workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Held a cross-country paper workshop with research partners to discuss the findings of the two cross-country papers, to get partner feedback and input into the papers to inform future analysis and the papers discussion
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Panelist at the EU Ocean Day - United Nations Climate Change Conference at the 26th Conference of Parties (COP 26) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr. A. Queirós was a panelist at the EU Ocean Day event at the UNFCCC COP26 (Glasgow, December 2021), hosted by DG Mare. Dr. Queirós made a statement on the need for climate adaptive conservation and marine spatial planning, showcasing the MSPACE Project goals.

Other panelists were Manuel Barange, Director, Fisheries & Aquaculture Policy and Resources Division, UN Fisheries and Agricultural Organisation; Sylvie Goyet, Advisor to the Vice President, Prince
Albert II of Monaco Foundation; Hans-Otto Pörtner, Co-Chair, IPCC WGII & the Alfred Wegener Institute; Joanna Post, Programme Management Officer, UNFCCC Secretariat. The Spanish Vice-President Teresa Ribera and Virginijus Sinkevicius, the European Commissioner with responsibility for Environment, Oceans and Fisheries, also made contributions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Participation in the DEFRA Marine Spatial Prioritization Programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Dr Ana Queiros has been participating in engagement activities as part of the DEFRA Marine Spatial Prioritization Programme, which is reviewing the needs and potential future direction for marine spatial planning in the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021,2022
 
Description Pilot of Marine Planning Trade-off Analysis (MaPTA) tool 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A new Marine Planning Trade-off Analysis tool has been developed as part of the Blue Communities programme. This is online process that was pilotted with the Western Philippines University in March 2022. The pilot was facilitated remotely over two morning sessions, during which participants were trained in the tool so that they could use it in their future work. Feedback was also provided by the participates on the usability and clarity o the tool, which fed into making improvements to it.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Prof Fatimah Universiti Malaya gave a talk on strategies for Sabah and Sarawak's economic recovery 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Prof Fatimah gave a talk on strategies for Sabah and Sarawak's economic recovery during and post-COVID-19 pandemic in the ASEAN economy context hosted by the Sabah & Sarawak Affairs Division (Prime Minister's Department).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Prof. Mohd Aizat Mohd Zain, Universiti of Malaya participated in Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH) Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prof. Mohd Aizat Mohd Zain, Universiti of Malaya participated in Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH) Conference at which he presented a paper entitled "Factors associated with health status among coastal communities in the Tun Mustapha Park, Sabah, Malaysia".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Social Media via Facebook page by @BlueCommunitiesMY 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact NetMap/actor network mapping session with the enumerators and staff from the Parliamentary Office of Permatang Pauh who are currently embarking on a multidimensional poverty index study (MPI) in the Permatang Pauh area
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.facebook.com/BlueCommunitiesMY/posts/902194340634505
 
Description Social media 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Blue Communities social media channels continue to be active, posting relevant news and engaging with other content, although less time has been spent on them since the cuts in ODA funding.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://twitter.com/bluecommunities
 
Description Team Society Presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk summarizing key findings across Blue Communities studies using creative communication and future scenarios
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://youtu.be/bUY1d2GlI0w
 
Description Team members from UNAS hosted a filmmaking workshop session for local stakeholders 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact As part of our research dissemination and engagement activities, we held public screening and filmmaking workshop session for local stakeholders. The screening of P12 films made by participants was held on 10 June 2021 in Pola Room, Selayar Regent's Office (Benteng, Selayar). The event was attended by 54 people, including representation from Selayar local government institutions, National Park, photography community, other local organisations, and local communities.
In addition, a dissemination and filmmaking workshop with local stakeholders were held on 16-17 June 2021 in the same location involving 17 participants from 10 institutions (including: Selayar local government institutions, National Park, Photography community, and other Local organisations)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Team members from several Blue Communities' partners participated in MARE Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Team members from multiple partners from the Blue Communities programme presented results at MARE conference held between 28 June-2 July 2021. Representatives from Universiti Malaya, Universitas Nasional, Hanoi National University of Education, Western Philippines University, University of Exeter and University of Plymouth presented and participated.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Training workshop in participartory trade-off analysis 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An online workshop was held with 25 participants where we used hypthetical case study to demonstrate a new decision-making tool that was under development at the time (now completed). Participants were introduced to the notion of trade-offs in marine planning, and a process by which these trade-offs could be identified and assessed in terms of their acceptabiliy to different staeholder groups,
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description UNAS team members participated in community engagement activities in collaboration with local stakeholders in Barugaia Village, Selayar, Indonesia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Members of the Blue Communities Indonesia team were invited by Taka Bonerate National Park to participate in a beach cleaning event, that was held to commemorate local Waste Awareness Day. The event was arranged and held collaboratively by the national park, Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), and Selayar Agency for Disaster Countermeasure (BNPB). Other stakeholders involved in the activity include local NGOs, communities living in Barugaia village. The event took place in "Kampung Penyu" Barugaia Village beach area, which is a sea turtle conservation village. The area is a sandy beach used by the sea turtles to lay eggs. The area is an initiative of local community living in the village to monitor the area to reduce eggs poaching and rescue stranded sea turtles. Every year, during west monsoon season, the area becomes one of
Selayar's marine waste hotspots, threatening the species and its ecosystem.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description University of Malaya team members met online with Dr Maklarin in response to a request by the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Dr Hong Ching Goh, Dr Amy Then and Wan Nur Syazana Mohamad Ariffin joined an online discussion with Dr Maklarin (Sabah Parks) in order to discuss and respond to the request for proposal by the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources (KeTSA) through the National Conservation Trust Fund (NCTF). The meeting had discussed on the potential for Sabah Parks and BC MY to further research collaboration and areas/topics to focus on in the application. The suggested area of research that was proposed and agreed by both sides during the discussion is to focus on the requirement and documentation in order to provide support to Sabah Parks in the process to apply for Marine Biosphere Reserve status for TMP in the future
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Using video for engagement workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact As part of the Blue Communities Seminar Series, a group of participants from across the programme gave a practical seminar of how best to use video to engage with different audiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Video published by UNAS: The Sea, Ecosystem Services, and Well-Being - Part 1: Weekend in Tambolongan, Indonesia. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact A completed video illustrating the lives of coastal communities in Tambolongan was shared at the 4th Annual Meeting and posted on the Blue Communities website. Entitled "The Sea, Ecosystem Services, and Well-Being - Part 1: Weekend in Tambolongan, Indonesia."
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=51P4OnbeLaA
 
Description Video published by UNAS: The Sea, Ecosystem Services, and Well-Being - Part 2: Weekday in Polassi Island, Indonesia 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact A completed video illustrating the lives of coastal communities in Polassi Island was shared at the 4th Annual Meeting and posted on the Blue Communities website. Entitled "The Sea, Ecosystem Services, and Well-Being - Part 2: Weekday in Polassi Island, Indonesia"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LhdayZwHP1M
 
Description WPU colleagues presented initial results at the Philippine Association of Marine Science (PAMS) Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Colleagues from Western Philippines University presented the initial results from Project 2 at the Philippine Association of Marine Science (PAMS) Conference, held in July 2021.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description WPU colleagues shared knowledge with undergraduate students at the University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Colleagues from Western Philippines University presented research from Blue Communities activities to undergraduate students on the Fisheries and Aquatic Biology course, during July 2021.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description WPU team member invited to participate in Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction Sectoral Workshop, Palawan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Karen Madarcos from Western Philippines University was invited to participate in Puerto Princesa City, Palawan's Comprehensive Land Use Plan - Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction Sectoral Workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description WPU team members conducted some Information Education and Communication activities to communities in Puerto Princesa City 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BCPh was invited by a local power supplier in Palawan to conduct the usual information education and communication (IEC) activities in a small coastal Indigenous People community in Puerto Princesa City composing of approximately 40 participants (fishers, women and children); despite the recent supertyphoon Odette.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description chair a Royal Society of Biology's 'Policy Lates' panel event 'Why protect ocean biodiversity?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited to chair a Royal Society of Biology's 'Policy Lates' panel event 'Why protect ocean biodiversity?' (online, evening, 15/11/2021) with 4 speakers. We explored the different benefits humans derive from marine organisms and ecosystems and why biodiversity is important for many aspects of life outside of the ocean. The event explored the value of marine biodiversity within the context of novel pharmaceuticals, and the interactions between the marine environment and the global climate as well as the social and policy challenges of developing international conservation targets for the world's oceans.

The Policy Lates series is a partnership of five RSB Member Organisations: British Pharmacological Society, Biochemical Society, Society for Applied Microbiology, Society for Experimental Biology, and The Physiological Society.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://www.rsb.org.uk/news/experts-take-a-deep-dive-into-the-importance-of-ocean-biodiversity