National COVID-19 Wastewater Epidemiology Surveillance Programme

Lead Research Organisation: UK Ctr for Ecology & Hydrology fr 011219
Department Name: Pollution (Wallingford)

Abstract

Wastewater-Based Epidemiology (WBE) requires relatively few resources compared to the systematic testing of populations. WBE is especially promising for novel infectious diseases, where asymptomatic cases might play a significant role in transmitting the virus. However, WBE is only now being used to monitor the spread of a pandemic infectious disease.

Early studies by ourselves and others have shown that SARS-CoV-2 RNA can be recovered from wastewater, including from wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) preceding local COVID-19 hospitalisation activity. Given the challenge of making available diagnostic tests to the entire UK population, WBE represents a potentially low-cost and immediate mechanism for understanding levels of infection within large geographic areas.

N-WESP aims to compare our methods with those of European & North American WBE teams in an inter-lab trial for understanding, supporting and improving the DEFRA COVID-19 measurements which will feed into the Joint Biosecurity Centre (JBC). We will also compare methods with DEFRA, the EA's and JBC whilst they explore options for finer geographical measurements. N-WESP will empower public health authorities with an optimised surveillance tool with maximal sensitivity and predictive power whose uncertainties have been well characterised.

N-WESP will determine whether SARS-CoV-2 RNA in wastewater and sludge is infectious, and to what extent there might be downstream risks to human health. N-WESP will exploit catchment and, uniquely, sub-catchment-scale longitudinal surveillance to understand temporal and spatial heterogeneity, relationships to human disease burden distribution and whether there is potential outbreak 'hotspots' by surveilling sewer system nodes.

Publications

10 25 50

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Hui Q (2020) Paper-based devices for rapid diagnostics and testing sewage for early warning of COVID-19 outbreak in Case Studies in Chemical and Environmental Engineering

 
Description Wastewater contains coronavirus that can be quantified using molecular approaches, such as qPCR.
At present it is not apparent that SARS-CoV-2 remains infectious in wastewater. This question remains an open question that is being investigated using a range of methods.
Efforts are on-going to link up wastewater estimates of viral load with cases of COVID-19 in the catchment. In many cases these linkages have been successful, however, there are numerous catchments where this linkage has proven to be a significant challenge. On-going work aims to understand what attributes of a WWTP catchment allow for better correlations between viral load and cases. Similarly, what attributes of a WWTP catchment reliably contribute to poor correlations.
On-going work aims to understand the factors that impact the survival of viral RNA in sewage. Early evidence suggests the following negatively impact on RNA recovery: industry with surfactant/detergent discharges or effluent with high/low pH. Pumps within the network can expose the viral RNA leading to loss. Longer transit times are likely to reduce survival.
Many members of NWESP are active engaged in the national WBE surveillance programmes (Wales, Scotland and England), where advice on sampling, storage, analysis and modelling is provided.
Exploitation Route The expertise build within the NWESP project is being used to help inform a permanent WBE capacity within the government.
Sectors Environment,Healthcare,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology

 
Description NWESP has been directly feeding into governments' national wastewater-based epidemiology programmes and have delivered a report to SAGE. The knowledge and expertise developed within NWESP has facilitated expansion of WBE into school, prison and care home wastewater. Wider application of the approach for health surveillance is on-going and will help to inform the future capability within government for health surveillance.
First Year Of Impact 2020
Sector Environment,Healthcare,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology
Impact Types Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description Accellerated Capability Environment - Innovating a next generation autosampler and analysis
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Innovating a next generation autosampler for implementation in national wastewater based epidemiology surveillance for COVID-19 allows for a step-change in the quality of the data used to info the government response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The capacity to add automated analysis to an autosampler will be a massive breakthrough for the delivery of rapid surveillance data to those in public health, leading to potentially much improved health outcomes.
 
Description Advisor to UK Department of Environment and Rural Affairs (Defra) and the Joint Biosecurity Centre (Department of Health) on Wastewater Epidemiology
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Improved public health surveillance and societal outcomes during the pandemic resulted from my membership and contributions on several advisory groups on wastewater-based surveillance.
 
Description Co-lead author on the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) report to UNEA5 on AMR in the Environment
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact The UNEP report on AMR in the Environment is intended to be the benchmark from which all solutions will derive. It espouses a One Health ethos, which states that only integrated solutions that bridge healthcare, agriculture, and environment will solve the global problem of AMR. The report also discusses health and AMR within the context of climate change and environmental sustainability. The report has spawned working groups to develop local National AMR Action Plans, one on which I am involved with in the Philippines.
URL https://wedocs.unep.org/bitstream/handle/20.500.11822/38373/antimicrobial_R.pdf
 
Description Contributor to SPI-M (Scientific Pandemic Influenza Modelling Group) advising SAGE
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact SPI-M provides advice to SAGE on the control of pandemics including in the current situation, COVID-19. As such its consensus statements influence the trajectory of the various control measures at every level of society in the UK.
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/scientific-pandemic-influenza-subgroup-on-modelling
 
Description Evidence of Wider Environmental Transmission of SARS-CoV-2: Assessing risk of transmission through outdoor air, water, outdoor surfaces, and food - Transmission of Covid-19 in the Wider Environment Group (TWEG), reporting to UK Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE) [DW Graham co-author]
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact A number of significant evidence gaps hamper assessment of transmission risk of SARS-CoV2 through environmental pathways. While various studies have detected viral RNA signatures from environmental samples (from air, water, treated effluents and sewage and surfaces) using RT-PCR, infectivity has not been assessed in most cases. Very few studies have investigated the presence of infective virus using culture techniques. In addition, the infective dose of SARSCoV-2 is still uncertain. Assessments of risk and uncertainty therefore draw heavily on expert judgement and knowledge of other pathogens throughout this document. The level of risk of catching SARS-CoV-2 from the environment is highly dependent on the levels of infective SARSCoV-2 circulating in the population and its geographical spread.
URL https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/8996...
 
Description Initiatives for Addressing Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment: Current Situation and Challenges. Prepared for U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the UK Science & Innovation Network, and the Wellcome Trust [co-authored by D Graham]aham
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact Key points taken from report Executive Summary: • Antimicrobial resistance (AMR)-when microbes (i.e., bacteria and fungi) develop the ability to defeat the drugs designed to combat them-is a public health threat and global priority. Resistant pathogens can cause infections in humans that are difficult or impossible to treat. • Scientific evidence shows that antimicrobials and antimicrobial-resistant microbes are present and can persist and travel (spread) through the environment (waterways and soils). Human activity can contaminate the environment with antimicrobials and antimicrobial-resistant microbes, which can accelerate the development and spread of resistance. • Contamination can occur from human and animal waste, pharmaceutical manufacturing waste, and use of antimicrobial pesticides for crops; however, the scale and risk associated with this contamination is not fully understood. There are outstanding scientific questions related to the presence and impact of antimicrobial-resistant microbes in the environment and the direct risk posed to human health. • The environment is a key element of the One Health framework. It is necessary to better understand risks, prioritize action to address antimicrobial-resistant microbes in the environment where potential risks to human health are greatest, and cultivate a collaborative global approach. • Scientific review suggests that there are actions that could improve understanding and guide action: - A better understanding of hospital waste treatment in different global settings is a priority, requiring establishment of evidence-based waste standards and implementation of effective waste management practices and capabilities where interventions are most needed. - Good hygiene and sanitation, including effective waste disposal and treatment, are important ways to mitigate the risk of antimicrobial-resistant microbes in the environment associated with human waste and wastewater contamination. - When feasible, contamination by animal waste could be reduced by improving antimicrobial use, developing alternative disease control methods (e.g., vaccines), and improving the quality of the rearing environment to help reduce the need for antimicrobials. - Agreement on a discharge limit for effluents leaving manufacturing sites and standardized monitoring and reporting of effluent levels could significantly reduce contamination and potential human health risks associated with exposure to resistant microbes in the environment. - Potential risks from using antimicrobials on crops could be reduced through greater global transparency of antimicrobial use, implementation of best management practices when applying antimicrobials as pesticides, and greater use of alternative disease prevention and treatment strategies. • To maximize potential impact, align activities to address antimicrobial-resistant microbes in the environment (e.g., addressing knowledge gaps) with existing global public health and development efforts, such as Sustainable Development Goals; the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Initiative; and the Global Health Security Agenda.
URL https://wellcome.org/sites/default/files/antimicrobial-resistance-environment-report.pdf
 
Description Member of Defra's Science Advisory Council
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact All aspects of how science relates to future Defra policy are potentially commented on by Defra SAC, including the future of farming plan, the environmental land management plan, and many others. Such comments are considered by Defra's Chief Scientific Advisor and by the relevant policy teams developing policy agendas. This represents a 2nd term of activity starting in 2021. These activities cover actions across the Commonwealth.
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/science-advisory-council/about
 
Description Member of the Expert Advisory Board (EAG) to the Accelerated Capability Environment (ACE) for the UK Homeland Security Group
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact The EAG has provided real-time guidance on health and environmental monitoring during the COVID-19 pandemic. This has included numerous reports that have reached PM and Cabinet level hands, though the Department of Social and Health Care, the Joint Biosecurity Centre, and the UK Health Security Agency. Among other products, it has led industry and academia towards practical solutions ranging from rapid monitoring systems for SARS-CoV-2 prevalence to sensors to epidemiological models to dashboards for publication information to new analytical methods. I own special impact is on approaches to AMR monitoring and future opportunities for wastewater based epidemiology.
URL https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/accelerated-capability-environment-ace
 
Description Monitoring the presence and infection risk of SARS-CoV-2 in the environment: approaches, limitations and interpretation - Transmission of Covid-19 in the Wider Environment Group (TWEG), reporting to UK Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE) [DW Graham co-author]
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact This paper provides an overview of the key principles and approaches to monitor SARSCoV-2 in the environment. It covers sampling from water (freshwater, wastewater and marine), air and surfaces (including surfaces of food), and discusses the strengths and limitations of key detection methods. It is intended as a primer for Government officials, managers of organisations and those without technical expertise in the subject who may be considering the need for assessing Covid-19 risk in a setting for which they are responsible. While it is not an in-depth review or a methods manual, it provides some guidance on how to interpret research results and environmental monitoring data. References to more detailed specialist literature are provided.
URL https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/9458...
 
Description Monitoring wastewater for COVID-19. Prepared for The Parliamentary Office of Science and Technology [Author: Amelie Ott, with contributions by D Graham and M Quintela-Baluja]
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
Impact This impartial brief was prepared for Members of the House of Commons and the House of Lords to get them up to spread on wastewater monitoring for Covid-19. This review is written in plain English making it accessible to a broad audience. Additionally, it identifies the government-led projects for England, Wales and Scotland and how information gathered by these projects are passed on to NHS Test and Trace and the local council, who were able to alert local health professionals to the increased risk and contact people in the area to warn of the increase in cases.
URL https://post.parliament.uk/monitoring-wastewater-for-covid-19/
 
Description Use of data in UK Government covid-19 response documents
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
Impact Results used in several reports to SAGE and Welsh Government to inform policy.
 
Description C215 - Waste Water Analysis
Amount £70,466 (GBP)
Organisation NHS England 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2021 
End 03/2021
 
Description Bio Data Networks Limited design of next gen autosampler 
Organisation Bio Data Networks
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Assistance in the design of next-generation autosampler, sample prep and analysis of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contributed to the design, construction and testing of prototypes of next-gen autosamplers.
Impact We submitted a bid to the Accelerated Capability Environment call.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Bio Data Networks Limited design of next gen autosampler 
Organisation Bio Data Networks
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Assistance in the design of next-generation autosampler, sample prep and analysis of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater.
Collaborator Contribution Partners contributed to the design, construction and testing of prototypes of next-gen autosamplers.
Impact We submitted a bid to the Accelerated Capability Environment call.
Start Year 2020
 
Description partnership with United Utilities 
Organisation United Utilities Group PLC
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution sample analysis for SARS-CoV-2
Collaborator Contribution sample collection, provision of data
Impact regular reports to DHSC
Start Year 2020
 
Company Name BIO DATA NETWORKS LIMITED 
Description Bio Data Networks is a technology company that is designing the next generation of wastewater sampling and analysis equipment that is fit for the purpose of wastewater based epidemiology 
Year Established 2020 
Impact Bio Data Networks has contributed to wastewater surveillance of numerous locations in England that have informed on the level of COVID carriage in the population under surveillance. In several instances it triggered interventions that was responsible for the early identification of asymptomatic carriers of COVID.
Website https://biodatanetworks.com/
 
Description 1. Kasprzyk-Hordern, Global practices on environmental surveillance for public health tracking and forensics, WRC WORLD ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH DAY WEBINAR, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, A KEY PUBLIC HEALTH INTERVENTION IN DISEASE PANDEMIC PREVENTION 23 September 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Seminar focussed on Wastewater-based epidemiology
1. Kasprzyk-Hordern, Global practices on environmental surveillance for public health tracking and forensics, WRC WORLD ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH DAY WEBINAR, ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH, A KEY PUBLIC HEALTH INTERVENTION IN DISEASE PANDEMIC PREVENTION 23 September 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Annual Graham Group Newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Annual Graham Research Group newsletter available online and set as a pdf to interested parties. It highlight the group's research efforts and compliments the group's research blog. It provides a condensed version for our funders, research partners, university colleagues, alumni, and students as well as friends and family.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021
URL https://blogs.ncl.ac.uk/grahamr/?page_id=31
 
Description BBC 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC interview: Coronavirus: Sewage testing for Covid-19 begins in England. 03 August, 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-53635692
 
Description BBC Inside Science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Smart bricks, The Royal Academy of Engineering awards for pandemic engineering solutions and detecting SARS-Cov-2 in sewage. 20 August 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m000lvct
 
Description BBC News 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview: BBC "Coronavirus: Testing sewage an 'easy win'" by Victoria Gill 02 July 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bbc.com/news/amp/science-environment-53257101
 
Description BBC Radio 4 programme - Beyond the Buzzwords - 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An interview on a podcast on the buzzword "Big Data" (or buzz phrase :) ). Discussed the role of big data in particular in mobility tracking and how it is used to help us understand and control infectious diseases, including COVID-19.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m000lghg
 
Description BMJ Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview: BMJ "Sewage monitoring is the UK's next defence against covid-19" 15 July 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bmj.com/content/370/bmj.m2599.full
 
Description Coronavirus: Testing sewage an 'easy win' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Article written by Gill V. (2 July 2020)for BBC | News | Science & Environment. It contains quotes from Professors David Graham and others related to the UK National Surveillance Programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-53257101
 
Description Daily Mail Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Daily Mail. What your loo reveals about you! From how much you drink to whether you're using an inhaler, what you flush away holds vital clues about your health. Now, scientists believe it could be an early warning system for Covid outbreaks. 05 October 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-8807693/What-loo-reveals-Scientists-believe-warning-Covid...
 
Description Engineering & Technology (E&T) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview: UK-wide system to detect coronavirus in wastewater 02 July 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://eandt.theiet.org/content/articles/2020/07/uk-wide-system-to-detect-coronavirus-in-wastewater/
 
Description Fighting the Next Pandemic: Water quality, antimicrobial resistance, and global health 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact 2020 Newcastle University Alumni Day lecture. 10 October 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://youtu.be/DB5aKt7YdD8
 
Description Financial Times 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview: UK plans to track spread of coronavirus in sewage 22/05/2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.ft.com/content/e6ad8aa0-47ad-4ac1-b7f5-3375ab7d7ea6
 
Description GrahAMR Research Group Blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The GrahAM Research Group blog highlights the work of the Graham research team, focusing primarily on work surrounding antimicrobial resistance (AMR), taking a collaborative and multidisciplinary approach to global health and well-being. The team of researchers, led by Newcastle University Prof David W Graham, utilises a holistic 'One Health Approach', and contributes to several of the UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Our research provides guidance to various international organisations, including the World Health Organisation, and bridges sustainable development, engineering, health, and sociotechnical mitigation options for reducing global AMR.

The main topics we explore are

the transmission, fate and impact of antibiotic resistance genes in the environment resulting from human activity;
energy minimization in water, wastewater and solid waste management systems;
the microbiology and ecology of greenhouse gas suppression and production in geochemical settings, especially in Polar regions; and
water and environmental quality in the developing and emerging world.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021
URL https://blogs.ncl.ac.uk/grahamr/
 
Description Guardian Opinion Article - "England's bungled response to Covid-19 leaves it vulnerable to more outbreaks" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This opinion piece was written around the low point of COVID-19 infections in the UK illustrating some of the dangers that could be foreseen as leading to a potential second wave of infection in the autumn winter of 2020. The Guardian newspaper is one of the most trusted in the world. This piece received considerable attention on social media.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/aug/03/england-bungled-covid-19-outbreaks-scotland
 
Description Guardian Podcast - Covid-19: does more testing always mean more cases? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A podcast to explain the importance of tracking COVID-19 test positivity, and highlighting how it could be used incorrectly to either over or under estimate the severity of an infectious disease's impact.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.theguardian.com/science/audio/2020/aug/04/covid-19-does-more-testing-always-mean-more-ca...
 
Description How sewage can provide an early warning of coronavirus outbreaks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Publication in: www.innovationnewsnetwork.com, The Innovation Platform, Issue 4, p188-191
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.innovationnewsnetwork.com/publication/the-innovation-platform-issue-4/
 
Description How testing sewage could help the UK predict COVID-19 outbreaks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This article written by Thomas White for CGTN (China) touches on how sewage testing could be used to predict Covid-19 outbreaks. It includes quotes from Prof David Graham.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://newseu.cgtn.com/news/2020-07-13/How-testing-sewage-could-help-the-UK-predict-COVID-19-outbre...
 
Description Kasprzyk-Hordern interview for The bmj article: Sewage monitoring is the UK's next defence against covid-19, 15th of July 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview for an article
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bmj.com/content/370/bmj.m2599.full
 
Description Kasprzyk-Hordern, Work begins on UK system for estimating COVID-19 cases from wastewater, University of Bath, 2nd of July 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Press release
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bath.ac.uk/announcements/work-begins-on-uk-system-for-estimating-covid-19-cases-from-was...
 
Description Kasprzyk-Hordern, interview, NBCnews, In search for a coronavirus early warning system, scientists look to the sewers, 3rd of July 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact interview
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/search-coronavirus-early-warning-system-scientists-look-sewers-n1...
 
Description Leading Britain's Conversation (LBC) - Eddie Mair Interview. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview on live radio: 23 October 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.globalplayer.com/catchup/lbc/uk/b8FPjCj/
 
Description NBC News Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview with NBC News, "In search for a coronavirus early warning system, scientists look to the sewers" 03 July 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/search-coronavirus-early-warning-system-scientists-look-sewers-n1...
 
Description Researchers looking at sewage to learn about COVID-19 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact MSNBC | The 11th Hour with Brian Williams ran this piece to address - why researchers are looking to the sewers to learn more about COVID-19.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.msnbc.com/11th-hour/watch/researchers-looking-at-sewage-to-learn-about-covid-19-87790661...
 
Description Reuters 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview: How sewer science could ease testing pressure and track COVID-19 14/05/2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-health-coronavirus-sewage/how-sewer-science-could-ease-testing-pre...
 
Description SARS-CoV-2 wastewater epidemiology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC Look North, 3 November 2020, with a Twitter post by Lee Johnson.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://twitter.com/i/status/1323721151005233152
 
Description Scientists around the world are already fighting the next pandemic 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Graham DW and Collignon P (9 June 2020 • 06:00 am) The Conversation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://theconversation.com/scientists-around-the-world-are-already-fighting-the-next-pandemic-11524...
 
Description Sewage monitoring could provide an early warning of COVID-19 outbreaks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Newcastle University Press Office. 23 April 2020. Showcase Newcastle University's involvement in project using wastewater=based epidemiology. The project funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Council (EPSRC), is being co-led by Professor David Graham, Professor of Ecosystems Engineering, and Dr Marcos Quintela-Baluja both from Newcastle University, with their close colleague Professor Jesus Romalde in Santiago.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.ncl.ac.uk/press/articles/latest/2020/04/covid19sewage/
 
Description Sky News Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Sky News: Coronavirus: Sewage tests detect local COVID-19 hotspots. 23 October 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://news.sky.com/story/amp/coronavirus-sewage-tests-detect-local-covid-19-hotspots-12111784
 
Description Speight interview, BBC Radio Sheffield, 14 May 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Speight live interview on tracking coronavirus in wastewater.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Speight interview, BBC Radio West Midlands, 3 August 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Speight live interview on monitoring coronavirus in wastewater
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Speight interview, Express Healthcare India, 18 May 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Speight interviewed for article, 'Using wastewater to track the Covid 19 second wave', published 18 May 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.expresshealthcare.in/covid19-updates/using-wastewater-to-track-the-covid-19-second-wave/...
 
Description Speight interview, Financial Times, 22 May 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Speight interviewed for article, 'UK plans to track spread of coronavirus in sewage', published 22 May 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.ft.com/content/e6ad8aa0-47ad-4ac1-b7f5-3375ab7d7ea6
 
Description Speight interview, Hallam FM Radio, 13 May 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Speight live radio interview on tracking coronavirus in sewage. Plus radio news segment.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://planetradio.co.uk/hallam/local/news/engineers-at-sheffield-uni-think-testing-sewage-could-be...
 
Description Speight interview, ITV News, 13 May 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Speight interview for article, 'Experts from Sheffield say sewage could be the key to tracking second wave of coronavirus', published 13 May 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.itv.com/news/calendar/2020-05-12/experts-from-sheffield-say-sewage-could-be-the-key-to-t...
 
Description Speight interview, Mail Online, 13 May 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Speight interview for article, 'Sewage key to tracking second wave of coronavirus', published 13 May 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-8313571/Sewage-key-tracking-second-wave-coronavirus....
 
Description Speight interview, Sky News, 13 May 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Speight interview for article, 'UK might use sewage to track coronavirus hotspots', 13 May 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://news.sky.com/story/coronavirus-uk-might-use-sewage-to-track-coronavirus-hotspots-11987670
 
Description Speight interview, The Times, 13 May 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Speight interview for article, 'NHS coronavirus tracing app to roll out nationwide in mid-May', published 13 May 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/nhs-coronavirus-tracing-app-to-roll-out-nationwide-in-mid-may-53g...
 
Description Speight interview, multiple media outlets, 13 May 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Speight featured in multiple media articles about tracking coronavirus in sewage, 13 May 2020, including Evening Standard, Northern Echo, Lancashire Telegraph, Belfast Live, Hull Live, Derbyshire Live, Leeds Live, North Wales Live.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description The Biologist, The Royal Society of Biology 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview: 'We don't have to demonstrate we can do it anymore, we need to demonstrate how well we can do it' 11 August, 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://thebiologist.rsb.org.uk/biologist-covid-19/189-biologist/biologist-covid-19/2401-we-don-t-ha...
 
Description The Guardian 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview: Covid-19: what can sewage tell us? - podcast. 21 July, 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.theguardian.com/science/audio/2020/jul/21/covid-19-what-can-sewage-tell-us
 
Description The Naked Scientist Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview: NakedScientist Podcast "Searching sewage for coronavirus 14 July 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.thenakedscientists.com/articles/interviews/searching-sewage-coronavirus
 
Description The Scientist 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview: Countries Begin Large-Scale Screening for SARS-CoV-2 in Sewage 14/05/2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/countries-begin-large-scale-screening-for-sars-cov-2-in-s...
 
Description Various media interactions on the COVID-19 pandemic in the year from March 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Over the past year I have engaged with the media on the COVID-19 pandemic via the Science Media Centre and the Edinburgh University Press Office. This has involved a variety of interviews and quotes at the national and international level. A search done by our research office suggests considerable penetration internationally with a search returning mentions in 3016 articles online, 93 print articles, 73 broadcasted interviews and 6 blogs. While the bulk of these impressions was in the UK, there are further multiple impressions around the world (top 10 are the UK, USA, Canada, New Zealand, India, Australia, Ireland, Singapore, Jersey and Malaysia).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020,2021
 
Description Wired 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Inside the plan to track Covid-19 by analysing everyone's poop 25/06/2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.wired.co.uk/article/coronavirus-sewage-analysis-uk
 
Description Work begins on UK system for detecting COVID-19 in wastewater 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Newcastle University Press Office. 2 July 2020. Announcement that scientists at Newcastle University are part of a national programme to perform underpinning research and develop a standardised UK-wide system for detecting COVID-19 in wastewater.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.ncl.ac.uk/press/articles/latest/2020/07/nationalcovidwastewater/
 
Description iNews opinion piece - "Covid roadmap: Boris Johnson's 'cautious' approach could be risky when it comes to schools" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This opinion piece was written in response to announcements for release from lockdown plans, outlining some of the epidemiological factors that would influence potentially different paths we could take, as related to the announcement. The inews is one of the UK's most trusted newspapers (according to independent polls) - it has an estimated readership of over 6,000,000 online every month, and 1,000,000 in print (the piece appeared in abbreviated form in the print version).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
URL https://inews.co.uk/opinion/covid-roadmap-boris-johnson-schools-opening-cautious-approach-882889
 
Description public engagement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I have given lots and lots of radio and TV interviews on the subject of the award.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020