Marine Spatial Planning Addressing Climate Effects

Lead Research Organisation: Plymouth Marine Laboratory
Department Name: Plymouth Marine Lab

Abstract

Building on a number of recent UK- and internationally funded initiatives, MSPACE is a highly integrated, multidisciplinary project conceptualised to drive forward the capability of the four UK nations in designing and implementing climate-smart marine spatial plans (MSP). This is a global ambition, as well one specific to the UK . MSPACE is underpinned by a vast catalogue of state-of-the-art marine climate change modelling projections for the environment, species and habitats, uniquely available to the consortium through existing expertise and partnerships, along with world leading modelling spatial meta-analysis methods. In MSPACE, we will use these methods, already tested in real life MSP development, and build on key partnerships with the UK policy and industry communities. By month 18 MSPACE will deliver a report on the vulnerabilities and opportunities that climate change presents to the near-term spatial management of the fisheries, aquaculture and marine conservation sectors across the UK Exclusive Economic Zone. This report will be delivered in liaison with the Marine Climate Change Impacts Partnership (MCCIP) utilizing the latest MCCIP models for rapid delivery of evidence to support policy. Four carefully considered, contrasting real-life MSPs across the four nations of the UK will be used as case-studies throughout, enabling the application of the MSPACE tools to the complex and diverse national planning landscape. A detailed assessment of the needs and values of the planning stakeholder pools across the UK nations is also delivered early in MSPACE, and guides how climate change modelling analyses will be communicated through the project's planned stakeholder engagement activities, including economic scenario exploration and analyses. These products will feed into the main and final output of MSPACE: sets of case-study specific recommendations for the design of climate smart, economically viable and socially acceptable strategies that support sustainable co-uses of the marine environment, marine conservation, natural capital preservation and resource exploitation. Co-development of the recommendations, using surveys, multiple-criteria decision analyses and others methods with our case-study specific stakeholder pools, ensures they are relevant and responsive to the current and future priorities and needs of the regions covered by each plan, its stakeholders and governance structures. Lessons learnt from each case study will therefore be directly applicable to other MSPs in the same nation due to their specific tailoring. Significant potential for application of the overall lessons learned in MSPACE to the broader UK planning landscape, including MSPs for overseas territories, is ensured through the diversity of UK planning contexts explored in the project, and the consortium's strong links to key marine industries and marine planning communities. We have capitalised on these links since the conceptualisation of the project, and we will build on them through project delivery.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description DEFRA led workshops Improving Marine Plans for Marine License Applicants
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Invited contribution to DEFRA consultation, as part of the DEFRA led "Marine Spatial Prioritisation" Programme
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Marine Climate Change Impacts Partnership
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL https://www.mccip.org.uk/
 
Description ICES WG Marine Planning and Coastal Zone Management 
Organisation Government of Scotland
Department Marine Scotland Directorate
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Ana Queiros is the joint lead of the Climate Change term of reference of the Working Group. She leads activities aiming to identify current mechanisms, and develop further ones, to help deliver climate-smart marine spatial plans. Ana brings her climate change research expertise to the group, which includes many colleagues from predominantly marine spatial planning policy across Europe and Canada.
Collaborator Contribution Partners bring predominantly knowledge of marine policy and governance, especially around Europe and Canada.
Impact Ana has, as a consequence of her participation, been involved in several invited contributions to high level stakeholder events, including giving an invited talk at the European Maritime Day 2021 (Dan Helder), a contribution to the UN Global Compact document "ROADMAP TO INTEGRATE CLEAN OFFSHORE RENEWABLE ENERGY INTO CLIMATE-SMART MARINE SPATIAL PLANNING", and a keynote talk at the NSBR eMSP conference 2022.
Start Year 2020
 
Description ICES WGBIODIV 
Organisation Centre For Environment, Fisheries And Aquaculture Science
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Collaborative work on marine biodiversity of relevance to ICES, in particular the effects of physical disturbance from trawling on the seabed. Trait explorer, developed in the Marine Ecosystems Research Programme, being used. Manuscript on a biological trait indicator submitted.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborative work on marine biodiversity of relevance to ICES, in particular the effects of physical disturbance from trawling on the seabed. Manuscript on a biological trait indicator submitted. New ToR agreed for next 3 years.
Impact http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/EPDSG/2018/01%20WGBIODIV%20-%20Report%20of%20the%20Working%20Group%20on%20Biodiversity%20Science.pdf
Start Year 2017
 
Description ICES WGBIODIV 
Organisation International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
Country Denmark 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Collaborative work on marine biodiversity of relevance to ICES, in particular the effects of physical disturbance from trawling on the seabed. Trait explorer, developed in the Marine Ecosystems Research Programme, being used. Manuscript on a biological trait indicator submitted.
Collaborator Contribution Collaborative work on marine biodiversity of relevance to ICES, in particular the effects of physical disturbance from trawling on the seabed. Manuscript on a biological trait indicator submitted. New ToR agreed for next 3 years.
Impact http://www.ices.dk/sites/pub/Publication%20Reports/Expert%20Group%20Report/EPDSG/2018/01%20WGBIODIV%20-%20Report%20of%20the%20Working%20Group%20on%20Biodiversity%20Science.pdf
Start Year 2017
 
Description ICES Working Group on Marine Planning and Coastal Zone Management 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PI Queirós attended several meetings of the ICES Working Group on Marine Planning and Coastal Zone Management, within which she is the climate change ToR lead (WP1). This engagement seeks to ensure MSPACE is at the cutting edge of R&D when it comes to climate-smart MSP design, and that we are also learning and partaking in national and international efforts to that end. The Working Group includes several marine planning authorities and other practitioners. MSPACE's Dr Liz Talbot, Dr Océane Marcone and Prof Gina Yannitel-Reinhardt also attended the Working Group workshop on 'The social impacts of marine spatial planning' (T4.2).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021,2022
 
Description Improving Marine Plans for Marine License Applicants (DEFRA Workshop) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Dr. A. Queirós contributed to two DEFRA led workshops Improving Marine Plans for Marine License Applicants (January 2022) hosted by Policy Lab. Queirós was part of a group of policy, governance and other practitioners invited to participate in the workshop and contribute to the consultation. These included the MMO, Natural England, Ports Authorities, the aggregates sector and others. As part of other activities, Queirós led the delivery of a short case for how to make climate change evidence part of the environmental statement of licence applicants, incorporating the work of MSPACE into this.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Interview for University of Essex Research & Enterprise Newsletter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The newsletter is circulated to members of the University of Essex community and focuses on research successes, including new research projects. The letter goes out to approximately 2000 email addresses, and follow-up contacts include people asking to discuss the research, my experience with the research process, and general ideas about engaging with the community.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
 
Description Keynote Presentation at the eMSP NBSR Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In February 2022 Dr. A. Queirós gave an invited keynote presentation on "Bright spots and climate smart marine spatial planning" at the kick-off conference of the programme Emerging ecosystem-based maritime spatial planning - Topics in the North and Baltic Sea regions (eMSP-NSBR). The eMSP NBSR project aims to enable maritime spatial planners, managing authorities and policymakers from the North and Baltic Sea regions to reflect on current MSP practices, to learn effectively from each other, and to collectively identify problems and solutions.

This presentation has led to an invitation to present on this approach (which underpins the delivery of WP1) to the Swedish planning authority (the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management) in April 2022. Queirós has also been invited to join the Scientific Advisory Board of the eMSP NSBR programme to provide advice on climate evidence.

As many other activities, this activity ensures we are well attuned to the needs of the marine spatial planning community so that our products are well tailored to this, on top of what is being done in terms of climate-smart MSP internationally, and that MSPACE's outputs and outcomes are visible to these communities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://nordregio.org/events/opening-conference-of-the-emsp-nbsr-project/
 
Description MSPACE Twitter account 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Twitter account that will share the latest news and outputs from the project as well as from the wider SMMR programme and the field of Marine Spatial Planning. The account is available to all project Work Package Leaders who have signed up to the MSPACE social media policy and can be used to engage with potential beneficiaries to help maximise opportunities for lasting impact.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://twitter.com/MSPACE_UK
 
Description MSPACE project page 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact A project page that will updated with the latest news and outputs from the project and wider SMMR programme.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2022
URL https://pml.ac.uk/Science/Projects/MSPACE-Marine-Spatial-Planning-Addressing-Climate
 
Description North Devon Climate Summit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact PI Queirós attended the North Devon Climate Summit as part of the invited Blue Carbon panel (September 2021), which was hosted by the local MP Selaine Saxby. Ana Queirós was able to make a statement on the case for climate-adaptive spatial management of blue carbon habitats. Other panellists were Dr. Lucy Woodall, University of Oxford and Dr. Chris Tuckett, Director of Programmes, Marine Conservation Society. This engagement allowed us to place a spotlight on MSPACE within a diverse community concerned with the impacts and management of climate change in the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Panelist at the EU Ocean Day - United Nations Climate Change Conference at the 26th Conference of Parties (COP 26) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Dr. A. Queirós was a panelist at the EU Ocean Day event at the UNFCCC COP26 (Glasgow, December 2021), hosted by DG Mare. Dr. Queirós made a statement on the need for climate adaptive conservation and marine spatial planning, showcasing the MSPACE Project goals.

Other panelists were Manuel Barange, Director, Fisheries & Aquaculture Policy and Resources Division, UN Fisheries and Agricultural Organisation; Sylvie Goyet, Advisor to the Vice President, Prince
Albert II of Monaco Foundation; Hans-Otto Pörtner, Co-Chair, IPCC WGII & the Alfred Wegener Institute; Joanna Post, Programme Management Officer, UNFCCC Secretariat. The Spanish Vice-President Teresa Ribera and Virginijus Sinkevicius, the European Commissioner with responsibility for Environment, Oceans and Fisheries, also made contributions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021
 
Description Participation in the DEFRA Marine Spatial Prioritization Programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Dr Ana Queiros has been participating in engagement activities as part of the DEFRA Marine Spatial Prioritization Programme, which is reviewing the needs and potential future direction for marine spatial planning in the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2021,2022