Proposal for UK participation in Phase II of the International Muon Ionisation Cooling Experiment

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glasgow
Department Name: School of Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

One of the most challenging questions in understanding the origin of the Universe is why it is almost entirely made of matter. We believe the Big Bang which created it made equal amounts of matter and antimatter. It is possible that the answer to this puzzle lies in the properties of particles known as neutrinos. We know very little about neutrinos. They are fundamental particles; they weigh almost nothing and they hardly interact with ordinary matter. It is possible that neutrinos and their 'antiparticles' (antineutrinos) behave differently -- a phenomenon known to physicists as 'CP violation'. Because they interact are so weakly, intense beams of neutrinos are needed to study their properties. Machines called 'Neutrino Factories' promise intense neutrino beams The neutrinos would come from the decay of parent particles called muons. These would be stored in a special ring -- the 'decay ring' -- and allowed to decay naturally to neutrinos. Beams of neutrinos would then travel several thousands of kilometres to large detectors where their interactions would be studied. Muons beams can be produced quite easily, but they are large and have a wide spread in angle. A fundamental challenge in the design of a neutrino factory is to reduce the size of the muon beam so that it can fit into the decay ring. The process of reducing the size and spread of a beam of particles is known as 'cooling'. There are a number of commonly used ways of cooling beams of particles but these take a long time and cannot be used for muons because they decay to neutrinos in a few microseconds. The development of a new technique called 'ionisation cooling' is essential. If a beam of muons is passed through some material the muons will slow down. If they are then all reaccelerated in the same direction, the size and spread of the beam will be reduced. If this process is repeated many times, the beam can be made narrow and parallel enough to fit into a storage ring. The Muon Ionisation Cooling Experiment (MICE) at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in the UK aims to demonstrate the ionisation cooling of muons for the first time. It consists of a short 'cooling section' which contains 'absorbers' where the muons lose energy and 'cavities' where the muons are accelerated by high electric fields. The muons will be guided by strong magnetic fields from superconducting magnets. The size the muon beam will be measured before and after it has passed through the cooling section. Because the cooling section is short the cooling effect will be quite small and the before- and-after measurements must be made with a precision of one part in a thousand. The high electric and magnetic fields, and the possibility that liquid hydrogen will be used as an absorber material, mean that the engineering of MICE is extremely challenging.

Organisations

Publications

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A. Laing (2008) Status of MIND

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Adams D (2016) Pion contamination in the MICE muon beam in Journal of Instrumentation

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Adams D (2013) Characterisation of the muon beams for the Muon Ionisation Cooling Experiment in The European Physical Journal C

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Adams D (2015) Electron-muon ranger: performance in the MICE muon beam in Journal of Instrumentation

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Adey D (2015) nuSTORM and a Path to a Muon Collider in Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science

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Asfandiyarov R. (2018) MAUS: The MICE Analysis User Software

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Bayes R (2013) Status of a MIND type Neutrino Factory Far Detector in Journal of Physics: Conference Series

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Bogomilov M (2014) Neutrino factory in Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams

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Bogomilov M (2013) Neutrino factory near detector in Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams

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Bross A (2013) Toroidal magnetized iron neutrino detector for a neutrino factory in Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams

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Cervera A (2010) Performance of the MIND detector at a Neutrino Factory using realistic muon reconstruction in Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

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Cervera Villanueva A (2010) Status of the MIND simulation and analysis

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Dobbs A (2013) The MICE luminosity monitor in Journal of Physics: Conference Series

 
Description Developed the muon beam for the Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory and fully characterised it.
Exploitation Route The Muon Ionization Cooling Experiment will be essential to develop a Neutrino Factory and a Muon Collider
Sectors Creative Economy,Healthcare,Other

 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation Argonne National Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation Brookhaven National Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation Brunel University London
Department School of Information Systems, Computing and Mathematics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics (BINP)
Country Russian Federation 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation Cockcroft Institute
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation Daresbury Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation Fermilab - Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation Harbin Institute of Technology
Department Institute of Cryogenics and Superconductivity Technology
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK)
Department Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies
Country Japan 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation Imperial College London
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation Muons Inc
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Department Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation National Institute for Nuclear Physics
Department National Institute for Nuclear Physics - Pavia
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation National Institute for Nuclear Physics
Department National Institute for Nuclear Physics - Pavia
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation National Institute for Subatomic Physics Nikhef
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation Osaka University
Department Department of Physics
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation Paul Scherrer Institute
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation Roma Tre University
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation Sofia University
Department Department of Atomic Physics
Country Bulgaria 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
Department Division of Astronomy & Astrophysics
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation University of California, Riverside
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation University of Geneva
Department Department of Nuclear and Particle Physics
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation University of Iowa
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation University of Kyoto
Department Research Reactor Institute
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation University of Liverpool
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation University of Mississippi
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation University of Naples
Department Department of Physics
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation University of New Hampshire
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation University of Northern Illinois
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation University of Oxford
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Department Department of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006
 
Description International MICE Collaboration 
Organisation University of Trieste
Department Department of Physics
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution MICE conditions database, luminosity monitor, MICE Step I data analysis, analysis of MICE target yields
Collaborator Contribution Buikding the MICE beam, MICE instrumentation and the MICE cooling channel
Impact Construction of the MICE beam, detectors and progress towards construction of the MICE cooling channel
Start Year 2006