University of Manchester Nuclear Physics Rolling Grant 2007

Lead Research Organisation: University of Manchester
Department Name: Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

Nuclear Physics aims to understand the structure and dynamics of nuclear systems. It is the key to understanding the Universe from the first microseconds of its inception when the quark-gluon plasma prevailed, through its history of star and galaxy formation where nuclear reactions play an essential role both in the generation of energy and the creation of elements. The field also has applications that benefit society in diverse areas, from medicine and security to power production, and a strong impact on other fields of science. The Manchester group is part of the UK nuclear community that has devised a mode of operation which enables it to make leading edge contributions at an international level. Experimental work is performed at specific overseas facilities with focussed investment in the necessary instrumentation to carry out this work. Atomic nuclei are a unique quantal laboratory in which microscopic as well as mesoscopic features, driven by effective two-body and three-body forces, can be studied. They are complex many body systems but often display unexpected regularities and simple excitation patterns that arise from underlying shell structure, pairing and collective modes of excitation. Such properties are also exhibited by simpler mesoscopic systems, e.g. metallic clusters, quantum dots, and atomic condensates, the understanding of which draws heavily on techniques developed and honed in nuclear physics. A fundamental challenge is to understand nuclear properties ab-initio from the interplay of the strong, weak, and electromagnetic forces between individual nucleons. In recent years enormous progress has been made with such programmes for light nuclei. For heavier nuclei, shell, cluster and other beyond mean field many-body techniques, based on effective interactions, provide essential frameworks for correlating experimental data, yet still lack the refinement to reliably predict nuclear properties as one moves more than a few nucleons from well-studied stable nuclei. Uniquely, radioactive beam facilities allow an exploration of nuclear properties using both approaches over a wide range of N (neutron number), Z (proton number), T (temperature or excitation energy) and I (angular momentum). The key open questions that the Manchester group will address include: * Do new forms of collective motion occur far from the valley of nuclear stability? * How does the ordering of quantum states, with all of its consequent implications for nuclear structure and reactions, alter in highly dilute or neutron-rich matter? * Do symmetries seen in near-stable nuclei also appear far from stability and do we observe new symmetries?

Publications

10 25 50

publication icon
Andgren K (2008) ?-ray spectroscopy of At 197 in Physical Review C

publication icon
Andreyev AN (2010) New type of asymmetric fission in proton-rich nuclei. in Physical review letters

publication icon
Ashwood N (2009) Spectroscopy of 16 O using a + 12 C resonant scattering in inverse kinematics in Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics

publication icon
Avgoulea M (2011) Nuclear charge radii and electromagnetic moments of radioactive scandium isotopes and isomers in Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics

publication icon
Back BB (2010) First experiment with HELIOS: the structure of 13B. in Physical review letters

publication icon
Baczynska K (2010) Nuclear spin determination of 100 m Y by collinear laser spectroscopy of optically pumped ions in Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics

 
Description STFC Advanced Fellowship
Amount £415,320 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2011 
End 10/2016
 
Description STFC Advanced Fellowship
Amount £415,320 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2011 
End 10/2016
 
Description STFC Postdoctoral Research Fellowship
Amount £260,880 (GBP)
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2008 
End 10/2011
 
Description Argonne 
Organisation Argonne National Laboratory
Department Physics Division
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Intellectual input, data analysis, preparation of publications.
Collaborator Contribution Facility and equipment provision, intellectual input.
Impact Publications, conference talks
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE, CERN (optical detection) 
Organisation European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
Department ISOLDE Radioactive Ion Beam Facility
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Leadership of some experimental proposals, new methodologies, data analysis, publication and dissemination.
Collaborator Contribution Personnel for experiments.
Impact Publications, conference talks and fellowships.
Start Year 2006
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE, CERN (optical detection) 
Organisation Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres
Department GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Leadership of some experimental proposals, new methodologies, data analysis, publication and dissemination.
Collaborator Contribution Personnel for experiments.
Impact Publications, conference talks and fellowships.
Start Year 2006
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE, CERN (optical detection) 
Organisation Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz
Department Institute for Nuclear Chemistry
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leadership of some experimental proposals, new methodologies, data analysis, publication and dissemination.
Collaborator Contribution Personnel for experiments.
Impact Publications, conference talks and fellowships.
Start Year 2006
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE, CERN (optical detection) 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Leadership of some experimental proposals, new methodologies, data analysis, publication and dissemination.
Collaborator Contribution Personnel for experiments.
Impact Publications, conference talks and fellowships.
Start Year 2006
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE, CERN (optical detection) 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leadership of some experimental proposals, new methodologies, data analysis, publication and dissemination.
Collaborator Contribution Personnel for experiments.
Impact Publications, conference talks and fellowships.
Start Year 2006
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE, CERN (optical detection) 
Organisation University of Jyvaskyla
Department Department of Physics
Country Finland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leadership of some experimental proposals, new methodologies, data analysis, publication and dissemination.
Collaborator Contribution Personnel for experiments.
Impact Publications, conference talks and fellowships.
Start Year 2006
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE, CERN (optical detection) 
Organisation University of Leuven
Department Institute for Nuclear and Radiation Physics
Country Belgium 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leadership of some experimental proposals, new methodologies, data analysis, publication and dissemination.
Collaborator Contribution Personnel for experiments.
Impact Publications, conference talks and fellowships.
Start Year 2006
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE, CERN (particle detection) 
Organisation European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
Department ISOLDE Radioactive Ion Beam Facility
Country Switzerland 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Design and construction of a new beam line for collinear resonance ionisation spectroscopy of radioactive beams. Equipment, students and staff time contributed.
Collaborator Contribution Laboratory space, radioactive ion beams.
Impact Conference contributions, fellowship.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE, CERN (particle detection) 
Organisation IPN Orsay - Nuclear structure
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Design and construction of a new beam line for collinear resonance ionisation spectroscopy of radioactive beams. Equipment, students and staff time contributed.
Collaborator Contribution Laboratory space, radioactive ion beams.
Impact Conference contributions, fellowship.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE, CERN (particle detection) 
Organisation Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz
Department Institute for Nuclear Physics
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Design and construction of a new beam line for collinear resonance ionisation spectroscopy of radioactive beams. Equipment, students and staff time contributed.
Collaborator Contribution Laboratory space, radioactive ion beams.
Impact Conference contributions, fellowship.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE, CERN (particle detection) 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Design and construction of a new beam line for collinear resonance ionisation spectroscopy of radioactive beams. Equipment, students and staff time contributed.
Collaborator Contribution Laboratory space, radioactive ion beams.
Impact Conference contributions, fellowship.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE, CERN (particle detection) 
Organisation New York University
Department Department of Physics
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Design and construction of a new beam line for collinear resonance ionisation spectroscopy of radioactive beams. Equipment, students and staff time contributed.
Collaborator Contribution Laboratory space, radioactive ion beams.
Impact Conference contributions, fellowship.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE, CERN (particle detection) 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Design and construction of a new beam line for collinear resonance ionisation spectroscopy of radioactive beams. Equipment, students and staff time contributed.
Collaborator Contribution Laboratory space, radioactive ion beams.
Impact Conference contributions, fellowship.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE, CERN (particle detection) 
Organisation University of Leuven
Department Institute for Nuclear and Radiation Physics
Country Belgium 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Design and construction of a new beam line for collinear resonance ionisation spectroscopy of radioactive beams. Equipment, students and staff time contributed.
Collaborator Contribution Laboratory space, radioactive ion beams.
Impact Conference contributions, fellowship.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE, CERN (particle detection) 
Organisation University of Tokyo
Department Department of Nuclear Engineering and Management
Country Japan 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Design and construction of a new beam line for collinear resonance ionisation spectroscopy of radioactive beams. Equipment, students and staff time contributed.
Collaborator Contribution Laboratory space, radioactive ion beams.
Impact Conference contributions, fellowship.
Start Year 2008
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at JYFL 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leadership of the programme, experiment proposal creation, devising new experimental techniques, setting up and execution of experiments, data analysis, publication and dissemination of results.
Collaborator Contribution Shared responsibility for purchasing new equipment and renewal of old equipment. Provision of man power for running experiments.
Impact Peer reviewed publications, conference talks and fellowship awards.
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at JYFL 
Organisation University of Jyvaskyla
Department Department of Physics
Country Finland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Leadership of the programme, experiment proposal creation, devising new experimental techniques, setting up and execution of experiments, data analysis, publication and dissemination of results.
Collaborator Contribution Shared responsibility for purchasing new equipment and renewal of old equipment. Provision of man power for running experiments.
Impact Peer reviewed publications, conference talks and fellowship awards.
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at Triumf 
Organisation McGill University
Department Department of Physics
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Experience in sensitive laser spectroscopic techniques applied to radioactive ion beams. Personnel.
Collaborator Contribution Equipment and personnel for experiments.
Impact Publications in progress and conference contributions.
Start Year 2009
 
Description Laser spectroscopy at Triumf 
Organisation Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
Department TRIUMF Isotope Separator and Accelerator (ISAC)
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Experience in sensitive laser spectroscopic techniques applied to radioactive ion beams. Personnel.
Collaborator Contribution Equipment and personnel for experiments.
Impact Publications in progress and conference contributions.
Start Year 2009
 
Description Yale 
Organisation Yale University
Department Wright Nuclear Structure Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Performing experiments, intellectual input, data analysis, preparation of publications.
Collaborator Contribution Facility and equipment provision, intellectual input.
Impact Publications, conference talks.
 
Description Teacher Training in Nuclear Physics 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Contributions to event providing training in nuclear physics to school teachers.

Successful initial event repeated in subsequent years
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2010,2011
 
Description Unity 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Regular weekly slot on local radio station featuring an academic supported by the grant, discussion of scientific issues. Several weeks have featured results of work performed as part of the grant. Radio station primary audience is 15-25 in inner city Manchester.

General engagement with science from a very mixed non-scientific audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010,2011