Nuclear Structure, Astrophysics and Reactions (NuSTAR) at FAIR

Lead Research Organisation: University of Surrey
Department Name: ATI Physics

Abstract

Nuclear physics is being revolutionised by the development of new radioactive ion beam (RIB) accelerator facilities. The UK nuclear physics community has decided that the principal focus of its efforts will be the largest European facility, the FAIR (Facility for Anti-proton and Ion Research) complex being built in Darmstadt, Germany at the site of the present GSI. FAIR will provide unique opportunities in the fields of hadron-, nuclear-, atomic-, and laser physics, and applications. FAIR is to be built by an international consortium and will provide capabilities unmatched worldwide. It will be able to produce intense beams of all stable chemical elements up to uranium with energies in the range of 1 to 30 GeV per nucleon and also anti-protons. Beams of short-lived radioactive species will be generated in fragmentation/spallation and fission reactions. Such an in-flight facility has the advantages of being able to provide any isotope independently of the chemical properties of the element and the production process is fast, resulting in beams of the shortest-lived, and hence most exotic, nuclei. FAIR will be unique among the in-flight facilities in several ways: (i) experiments can be carried out with RIBs at high energies up to 2 GeV per nucleon; (ii) it will provide the purest radioactive beams for heavy nuclei; (iii) it will be the only facility in the world to have storage rings enabling a new and unique generation of experiments. NuSTAR (Nuclear Structure, Astrophysics and Reactions) is an 'umbrella' collaboration of >800 scientists from 146 institutions in 36 countries (Nov. 2007) focussing on nuclear physics experiments. It comprises nine different collaborations based around state-of-the art detector systems with the common aim to exploit the beams of short-lived radioactive species to study how the properties of nuclei and nuclear matter vary over a wide range of isospin, angular momentum, temperature and density. It will provide data on nuclear many-body systems under extreme conditions. The ultimate goal is to find a unified description of the properties of nuclei and nuclear matter. NuSTAR will be the first major project to realize the potential of the new accelerator facility and, in addition, some of its projects will benefit during the construction phase from the increased beam intensity from the ongoing upgrade to the existing accelerators which will be completed by 2009. NuSTAR will allow the UK Nuclear Physics Community to address many of the key questions in Nuclear Structure and Nuclear Astrophysics, outlined in the recent UK Nuclear Physics Strategy document. In particular the successful completion of the construction phase will permit the following fundamental questions to be considered: - What are the limits of nuclear existence? Where does the neutron-dripline lie? - Do new forms of collective motion occur far from the valley of nuclear stability? - Are there new forms of nuclear matter in very loosely bound nuclear systems? - How does the ordering of quantum states, with all of its consequent implications for nuclear structure and reactions, alter in highly dilute or neutron-rich matter? - Do symmetries seen in near-stable nuclei also appear far from stability and do we observe new symmetries? - How are the elements and isotopes found in the Universe formed? - Where are the sites of the r-process(es) of nucleosynthesis? - What is the nuclear equation of state for neutron stars? The present grant request is to support the UK involvement in NuSTAR at FAIR. Although there are 9 experimental collaborations in NuSTAR, the UK community has decided to concentrate its efforts on the six in which it has a scientific lead and where it can use its technical excellence and experience. It is planned that by 2013 we will be ready to fully utilise the range of beams available at FAIR and to continue our excellence and leadership in the area of nuclear structure physics and astrophysics.

Publications

10 25 50
publication icon
Agramunt J (2016) Characterization of a neutron-beta counting system with beta-delayed neutron emitters in Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

publication icon
Alexander T (2015) Isomeric Ratios in $^{206}$Hg in Acta Physica Polonica B

publication icon
Alharbi T (2012) Gamma-ray fast-timing coincidence measurements from the 18O+18O fusion-evaporation reaction using a mixed LaBr3-HPGe array. in Applied radiation and isotopes : including data, instrumentation and methods for use in agriculture, industry and medicine

publication icon
Ansari S (2018) Lifetime measurement in neutron-rich A~100 nuclei in EPJ Web of Conferences

publication icon
Browne F (2015) Gamma-ray Spectroscopy in the Vicinity of $^{108}$Zr in Acta Physica Polonica B

publication icon
Bucurescu D (2016) The ROSPHERE ?-ray spectroscopy array in Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

publication icon
Caballero-Folch R (2016) First Measurement of Several ß-Delayed Neutron Emitting Isotopes Beyond N=126. in Physical review letters

publication icon
Guadilla V (2016) First experiment with the NUSTAR/FAIR Decay Total Absorption ? -Ray Spectrometer (DTAS) at the IGISOL IV facility in Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms

publication icon
Heine M (2018) The STELLA apparatus for particle-Gamma coincidence fusion measurements with nanosecond timing in Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

publication icon
Lalkovski S (2016) The UK NuStAR Project in Acta Physica Polonica B

 
Description NuSTAR 
Organisation Daresbury Laboratory
Department Nuclear Physics Support Group
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Building equipment to be used within NuSTAR at GSI/FAIR, within R3B, HISPEC, DESPEC
Collaborator Contribution building equipment for R3B, HSIPEC, DESPEC
Impact FAIR is being built with NuSTAR being one of its four pillar collaborations
 
Description NuSTAR 
Organisation Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung
Department Nuclear Physics 2
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Building equipment to be used within NuSTAR at GSI/FAIR, within R3B, HISPEC, DESPEC
Collaborator Contribution building equipment for R3B, HSIPEC, DESPEC
Impact FAIR is being built with NuSTAR being one of its four pillar collaborations
 
Description NuSTAR 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Building equipment to be used within NuSTAR at GSI/FAIR, within R3B, HISPEC, DESPEC
Collaborator Contribution building equipment for R3B, HSIPEC, DESPEC
Impact FAIR is being built with NuSTAR being one of its four pillar collaborations
 
Description NuSTAR 
Organisation University of Brighton
Department Faculty of Science and Engineering
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Building equipment to be used within NuSTAR at GSI/FAIR, within R3B, HISPEC, DESPEC
Collaborator Contribution building equipment for R3B, HSIPEC, DESPEC
Impact FAIR is being built with NuSTAR being one of its four pillar collaborations
 
Description NuSTAR 
Organisation University of Edinburgh
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Building equipment to be used within NuSTAR at GSI/FAIR, within R3B, HISPEC, DESPEC
Collaborator Contribution building equipment for R3B, HSIPEC, DESPEC
Impact FAIR is being built with NuSTAR being one of its four pillar collaborations
 
Description NuSTAR 
Organisation University of Liverpool
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Building equipment to be used within NuSTAR at GSI/FAIR, within R3B, HISPEC, DESPEC
Collaborator Contribution building equipment for R3B, HSIPEC, DESPEC
Impact FAIR is being built with NuSTAR being one of its four pillar collaborations
 
Description NuSTAR 
Organisation University of Manchester
Department School of Physics and Astronomy Manchester
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Building equipment to be used within NuSTAR at GSI/FAIR, within R3B, HISPEC, DESPEC
Collaborator Contribution building equipment for R3B, HSIPEC, DESPEC
Impact FAIR is being built with NuSTAR being one of its four pillar collaborations
 
Description NuSTAR 
Organisation University of York
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Building equipment to be used within NuSTAR at GSI/FAIR, within R3B, HISPEC, DESPEC
Collaborator Contribution building equipment for R3B, HSIPEC, DESPEC
Impact FAIR is being built with NuSTAR being one of its four pillar collaborations
 
Description NuSTAR 
Organisation University of the West of Scotland
Department School of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Building equipment to be used within NuSTAR at GSI/FAIR, within R3B, HISPEC, DESPEC
Collaborator Contribution building equipment for R3B, HSIPEC, DESPEC
Impact FAIR is being built with NuSTAR being one of its four pillar collaborations
 
Description diamond detectors 
Organisation Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung
Department Nuclear Physics 2
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution fabrication of prototype large area diamond detectors
Collaborator Contribution beams provided by the Birmingham cyclotron was used for detector testing
Impact prototype diamond detectors produced. They are used in PRESPEC experiments at GSI.
Start Year 2008
 
Description diamond detectors 
Organisation Texas A&M University
Department George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution fabrication of prototype large area diamond detectors
Collaborator Contribution beams provided by the Birmingham cyclotron was used for detector testing
Impact prototype diamond detectors produced. They are used in PRESPEC experiments at GSI.
Start Year 2008
 
Description diamond detectors 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Department School of Physics and Astronomy
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution fabrication of prototype large area diamond detectors
Collaborator Contribution beams provided by the Birmingham cyclotron was used for detector testing
Impact prototype diamond detectors produced. They are used in PRESPEC experiments at GSI.
Start Year 2008
 
Description diamond detectors 
Organisation University of York
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution fabrication of prototype large area diamond detectors
Collaborator Contribution beams provided by the Birmingham cyclotron was used for detector testing
Impact prototype diamond detectors produced. They are used in PRESPEC experiments at GSI.
Start Year 2008
 
Title diamond detector 
Description polycrystalline diamond detector for time of flight measurement. Large area detector Radiation hard detectors 
Type Of Technology Detection Devices 
Year Produced 2010 
Impact radiation hard detector => radiation measurement