UK Participation in the Preparatory Phase of the Cherenkov Telescope Array 2012-2015

Lead Research Organisation: Durham University
Department Name: Physics

Abstract

The Universe is full of particles with such high-energies that they are travelling at very close to the speed of light. These particles play a significant role in many areas of astrophysics, from the life-cycles of stars to the evolution of galaxies. These particles are hard to trace, but can reveal their presence by producing gamma rays. Like their lower-energy cousins, X-rays, gamma rays do not penetrate the Earth's atmosphere and usually satellite-based telescopes are used to detect them. However, at very high energies (VHE) there are very few gamma rays, and detecting them from spacecraft becomes impossible. Luckily, it is possible to detect them from the ground via the flashes of blue light, Cherenov radiation, produced by the cascades they initiate in the atmosphere. The glow from Cherenkov radiation in the atmosphere is 10,000 times fainter than starlight, so large mirrors are required to collect it, and because the flashes last only a few billionths of a second, ultra-fast cameras are needed to record them.

We know from current ground-based gamma-ray telescopes such as HESS that there is a wealth of phenomena to be studied. VHE gamma ray telescopes have detected the remains of supernova explosions, binary star systems, highly energetic jets produced by black holes in distant galaxies, star formation regions, and many other objects. These observations can help us to understand not only what is going on inside these objects, but also answer fundamental physics questions relating to the nature of dark matter and of space-time itself. However, we have now reached the limit of what can be done with current instruments, and so ~800 scientists from 25 countries around the world have come together to build a new instrument - the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA). CTA will offer a dramatic increase in sensitivity over current instruments, and extends the energy range of the gamma rays observed to both lower and higher energies. It is predicted that the catalogue of known VHE emitting objects will expand from the 130 known to over 1000, and we can expect many new discoveries in key areas of astrophysics and fundamental physics research.

To achieve the wide energy range we require of CTA, it is necessary to build telescopes of three different sizes: ~5 m diameter small-sized telescopes (SSTs), ~12 m medium-sized telescopes (MSTs) and ~23 m large-sized telescope (LST). CTA will consist of two arrays of telescopes, one in the northern hemisphere and one in the southern hemisphere. The northern array will likely consist of 4 or so LSTs, and around 20 MSTs. The southern array will contain similar numbers of large and medium telescopes, but add to them an extensive array of ~50 SSTs, specifically to investigate the highest-energy phenomena which can be observed preferentially from the southern hemisphere. The SSTs will detect the highest energy photons ever seen, with energies approach a petaelectronvolt, each a thousand billion times more energetic than an X-ray. CTA is currently in its preparatory phase, and we expect construction to start in 2015.

There are currently 11 UK universities involved in CTA. The UK groups are concentrating their efforts on the construction of the SSTs. We have already produced an innovative dual-mirror SST design, which will be built in sight of the Eiffel Tower in Paris. In this proposal we request funds to do several things. Firstly, we want to build and test a prototype dual-mirror SST camera, together with a calibration system. Secondly, we will use our expertise in computer simulations to optimise the design of the SSTs and the overall array layout. Thirdly, we will develop data analysis techniques for CTA, to ensure that UK scientists are able to analyse the data from CTA as soon as the first telescopes start operation. Finally, several UK team members have leadership roles in CTA and we are requesting funds to support these people and enable us to travel to the relevant meetings.

Planned Impact

Particle astrophysics, and specifically ground-based gamma-ray astronomy, necessarily requires engagement with industry; the nature of our work at the boundaries of particle physics and astronomy is such that technical innovation is vital. We have a track record of significant and successful engagement with industry. In addition, we have a strong commitment to outreach to schools and the general public, and have made an important contribution to outreach for CTA as a whole. Knowledge exchange and outreach are thus fundamental to our activities.

Amplifier Applications: A requirement for the prototype SST camera is the use of high-speed, low-noise, low-power, cheap amplifiers, which will be designed and built at the University of Leicester. These have potential uses in neutron detection, the aerospace industry, or for battery-powered hand-held devices.

Rapidly-Pulsed LEDs: Rapidly-pulsed LEDs are already used for applications such as fluorescence spectroscopy. These are expensive systems, ~£7k each - and there is likely a market for slightly slower but much cheaper device that will be developed as part of this proposal.

Construction: CTA will be a ~200 MEuro project, with substantial industrial involvement; there will be many opportunities for industrial contracts for the construction of both major components (inc. telescope structures) and smaller components.

We will use the excellent knowledge exchange infrastructure existing at the institutions involved to help us realise this programme. Opportunities for our public outreach programme include:

Outreach Website: The present CTA website www.cta-observatory.org was designed and almost entirely written by the CTA-UK team. This is designed to advertise CTA primarily to other scientists and scientifically literate members of the public. A CTA website for educators and the general public is presently being designed by Nolan at Durham University, and will be linked strongly also to the CTA-UK website, whichwill contain further, UK-specific resources for schools.

CTA Leaflet: We will produce a physical leaflet that can be handed to interested members of the public at talks, exhibitions etc. and hung on classroom walls as a poster. Nolan is drafting this with a view to production in early 2012.

Filming SST Construction: Both the prototype CTA telescope and future array construction need to be filmed for documentary videos, films and webcasts about CTA. A Newcastle-based production company, Newton, has agreed to do some initial filming of the construction of the prototype SST in Paris without charge. Further, the filming of the prototype construction with Newton is proposed.

Planetarium Resources: The applicants are exploring with the National Space Centre (NSC) the possibility of creating a planetarium show based around CTA science.

Cosmic Rays in Schools: Greenshaw and Chadwick are part of the CORUS project to put cosmic ray detectors in ~30 UK schools. One of the project's aims is to produce teaching resources to go with the detectors; we will link the resources to CTA and provide extension material.

Exhibitions: 2012 is the 100th anniversary of the discovery of cosmic rays by Hess. We will apply to the Royal Society for an exhibit on cosmic rays and particle acceleration in the Universe for 2012. We will also ensure that we have a presence in the NSC exhibition.

The CTA-UK team has a great deal of outreach experience, and the outreach programme will be undertaken by researchers at all levels. There is also expertise available at CTA-UK institutions, including from outreach officers. For early stage researchers, participation in outreach will be part of their training, and they will be encouraged to take part in media skills training. The UK members of CTA are already engaged with industry and the public; their collective experience will be used to aim for the highest possible economic and social impact for CTA in the UK.

Publications

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Acharya B (2013) Introducing the CTA concept in Astroparticle Physics

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Bernlöhr K (2013) Monte Carlo design studies for the Cherenkov Telescope Array in Astroparticle Physics

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Dournaux J (2017) Operating performance of the gamma-ray Cherenkov telescope: An end-to-end Schwarzschild-Couder telescope prototype for the Cherenkov Telescope Array in Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

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Harris J (2014) An investigation into the spectral properties of bright Fermi blazars in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

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Harris J (2014) Photon-axion mixing within the jets of active galactic nuclei and prospects for detection in Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics

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Morris P (2017) Gamma-ray novae: rare or nearby? in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

 
Description Camera calibration system developed for CTA, initial camera tests made.
Exploitation Route Taken forward with follow-up award from STFC. Also possible use for cross-calibration of entire CTA.
Sectors Other

 
Description CTA Consortium 
Organisation Cherenkov Telescope Array Consortium
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution CHEC camera, calibration systems, telescope design, mirror testing, camera testing, outreach, Monte Carlo simulations.
Collaborator Contribution Provision of telescope structures, electronics, photosensors, etc. - the rest of the telescope array.
Impact Publications - see list
Start Year 2008
 
Description FSRQ Task Force 
Organisation Observatory of Paris
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise in Fermi, HESS and CTA.
Collaborator Contribution Expertise in theory, Fermi, HESS and CTA.
Impact Grant application to CNRS
Start Year 2014
 
Description FSRQ Task Force 
Organisation University of Grenoble
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise in Fermi, HESS and CTA.
Collaborator Contribution Expertise in theory, Fermi, HESS and CTA.
Impact Grant application to CNRS
Start Year 2014
 
Description Hot-slumped Mirrors for CTA 
Organisation OpTIC Glyndwr Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise in Cherenkov telescope mirror requirements, simulations and testing.
Collaborator Contribution Expertise in optical design & engineering and mirror coatings
Impact Collaboration is just on the point of receiving Mini-IPS funds, so no outputs yet
Start Year 2015
 
Description Hot-slumped Mirrors for CTA 
Organisation Thin Metal Fims Ltd
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Expertise in Cherenkov telescope mirror requirements, simulations and testing.
Collaborator Contribution Expertise in optical design & engineering and mirror coatings
Impact Collaboration is just on the point of receiving Mini-IPS funds, so no outputs yet
Start Year 2015
 
Description Hot-slumped Mirrors for CTA 
Organisation University of Liverpool
Department Department of Physics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Expertise in Cherenkov telescope mirror requirements, simulations and testing.
Collaborator Contribution Expertise in optical design & engineering and mirror coatings
Impact Collaboration is just on the point of receiving Mini-IPS funds, so no outputs yet
Start Year 2015
 
Description ATMOHEAD 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact 50 attendees at workshop in Paris 10-12/6/13 about atmospheric effects on astroparticle physics experiments. Talks (3 with Durham authors) sparked questions and discussion. See https://indico.in2p3.fr/conferenceDisplay.py?confId=7898

Conference proceedings papers produced, available on ArXiV at http://uk.arxiv.org/abs/1403.2218, http://uk.arxiv.org/abs/1402.6884 and http://uk.arxiv.org/abs/1402.4739
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description CTA Calibration Review Panel 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact 30 scientists attended the review panel meeting, with resulting questions and discussions

Internal report will be produced for CTA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description CTA Industry Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a workshop arranged by the Durham Group and organised by STFC. Around 60 people attended the meeting on March 20th 2014 at Daresbury Laboratories. It was designed to interest UK industry in the Cherenkov Telescope Array. Chadwick chaired the event and also gave a talk 'Mirrors for CTA'.

Many excellent contacts were made, resulting in offers of help from and likely future collaborations with industry. All the slides are available as a web resource for industry, see - https://www.stfc.ac.uk/1941.aspx
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description CTA Plenary Talk Chicago 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk summarizing CTA outreach activities given to around 200 scientists. Questions and discussions afterwards.

None as yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description CTA Plenary Talk, Warsaw 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact About 200 collaborators attended a talk about outreach for CTA

Volunteer to create CTA app
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.cta-observatory.org
 
Description CTA SST Monte Carlo Meeting Turin 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Questions and discussion

Regular meetings set up
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description CTA talk at University of Newcastle, Australia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk about prospects for CTA and spin-off activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description CTA talk in Sydney 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk about prospects for CTA and spin-off activities
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Calibration System talks at CTA Munich 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Questions and discussion afterwards

Requests from international colleagues to use the UK system
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Calibration talk at 3rd CTA CCF Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Questions and discussion

Invited to help with an innovative octocopter calibration system for CTA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Calibration talk at CTA Meeting, Catania 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Questions and discussion

None as yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Calibration talk at CTA-SST Meeting, Amsterdam 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Questions and discussion

None at present
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Community Science Fair 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Exhibit about the Cherenkov Telescope Array. Many families attended, lots of questions, good feedback from visitors. The exhibit also enabled a final year student to complete project work towards her degree.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.thehermitageacademy.net/site/stemFair/stemFair.html
 
Description Discussion meeting at Royal Astronomical Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Discussion about uses of CTA in wider astronomical community.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Epigeum PG Training Interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Interviewed about working in large collaborations for an online postgraduate training package.

Online course - see http://researchskills.epigeum.com/courses/researchskills/index.php?course_id=295&user_id=0&s=hp067cqi6sp6q89qdfn0dmeod4
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description GCT Inauguration 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Web-based news article & PR, intended to update people about the progress of the Cherenkov Telescope Array
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.stfc.ac.uk/news/uk-contributes-super-fast-camera-to-international-astronomy-project/
 
Description GCT Monte Carlo Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Questions and discussion afterwards

Plans made for future work
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description IOP Astroparticle and Nuclear Physics Student Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Questions and discussion after the talk

Possible future collaboration
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description IOP Astroparticle and Nuclear Physics Student Meeting - SNRs 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Questions and discussion after talk

Too early to say
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description IOP Peer Assisted Learning & Student Generated Content Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact About 30 people attended the meeting. The talk was about a student project which created web-based outreach material for CTA.

Further invitation to give a talk at another IOP meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Interview with Symmetry magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview about CTA with Fermilab/SLAC science magazine, Symmetry.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.symmetrymagazine.org/article/viewing-our-turbulent-universe
 
Description Invited Talk (Brown) - UK DM meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Around 60 scientists attended the talk at the UK Dark Matter meeting. Questions and discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Irish gamma ray meeting (Brown) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk given at a meeting in Ireland on the future of gamma-ray astronomy. Questions and discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Mirror Talk Warsaw 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper given to about 30 people about CTA mirror tests.

Further mirror tests at various institutions in CTA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.cta-observatory.org
 
Description Mirror Talk at CTA Catania 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Discussion afterwards

Some groups looking at new mirror designs
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Mirror Talk at Munich CTA Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Questions and discussion after talk, with action plan for further work

Offer of collaboration on paper from Italian colleagues
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Mirror Talk at Paris CHEC/GATE Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Discussion afterwards

Samples of mirrors sent for testing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Mirror talk at CTA meeting, Japan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation about suitable tests for CTA mirrors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Monte Carlo Talk at CTA SST Meeting Amsterdam 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Much discussion afterwards

Further workshop on simulations planned
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Muon Calibration talk at 3rd CTA CCF Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Questions and discussion afterwards

Too early to say
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description National Astronomy Meeting 2011 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Paper Presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact http://www.ras.org.uk/component/db/?report_id=1098

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Outreach Plenary Talk at CTA Catania 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Some questions afterwards

Too early to say
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Outreach Plenary Talk at CTA Munich 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk resulted in ideas for further outreach activities

Likely CTA app
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Outreach Session Warsaw 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact CTA outreach discussion session in Warsaw, 23-27/9/13. Talks and discussion organised.

None yet.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Plenary talk at IOP APP/HEPP Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk resulted in questions and discussion

Invitation to give further seminar
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://indico.cern.ch/event/266149/overview
 
Description STEM Fair, Chester-le-Street 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Display and activities related to the Cherenkov Telescope Array, including posters and an I-pad app.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Sacred Heart School, Redcar - STEM Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Three talks given on what astronomers do and how to become one to classes of around 20 pupils on 13/2/14. Many questions resulted.

None yet.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Saturday Physics Talk 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A talk about gamma ray astronomy and astroparticle physics generally plus workshop to build a gold-leaf electroscope.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Seminar Southampton University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Around 30 students and academics attended a talk, with questions and discussion afterwards.

Strengthenedties with Southampton.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Seminar at DESY, Zeuthen 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact 30 students, scientists and engineers attended a talk, which resulted in questions and discussion afterwards.

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Seminar at Oxford University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Seminar at Oxford University on 20/1/14 attended by around 50 people, with questions and discussion afterwards.

None as yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Simulation Talk at CTA Munich 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Questions and discussion afterwards

Collaboration with international colleagues strengthened
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Talk at CTA Ireland Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk about UK CTA science interests to British/Irish audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.dias.ie/2017/07/25/28th-august-2017-workshop-on-cherenkov-telescope-array-ireland/
 
Description Talk at CTR Wilson Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact http://www.royalsoced.org.uk/cms/files/events/reports/2012-2013/CTRWilson_Conference.pdf

An invitation to speak at an astronomical society in Scotland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Talk at HESS Collaboration Meeting (Brown) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk about use of UAVs for telescope calibration. Many questions afterwards, and an agreement to use the HESS telescopes for proof-of-concept tests.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Talk at IoP APP/HEPP Conference (Brown) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk about the status of gamma-ray astronomy and prospects for CTA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://appandhepp2018.iopconfs.org/home
 
Description Talk at NASA Fermi Symposium, Baltimore 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk about gamma-ray emission from globular clusters
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://fermi.gsfc.nasa.gov/science/mtgs/symposia/2018/
 
Description Talk at National Rail Museum, Shildon 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A talk about gamma-ray astronomy associated with the 'Tim Peake's Spaceship' event, given to a small evening audience of about 15 people. Some of the young people asked about entry to university to study physics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Talk at Spacetech 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Around 40 industrialists attended a day meeting to discuss possible UK involvement in various scientific/space programmes, inclduing CTA. Useful contacts were made with 6 industrialists. See http://spacetech2013-eorg.eventbrite.com/

Material will be available on the www. Press releases were created, resulting in coverage of the meeting and CTA in the local press.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Talk to Astrosoc 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Talk to Durham University Astronomical Society. Lots of questions, and a number of requests afterwards from students wanting to work with my group over summer.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Talk to Bishop Auckland Astrosoc 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 12 people attended a talk about gamma-ray astronomy, with questions and discussions afterwards

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Talk to Cleethorpes Astronomical Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk given to around 30 people, resulting in discussion and questions.

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Talk to Cleveland and Darlington Astrosoc 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk about gamma ray astronomy on 13/12/13 attended by about 50 people, with questions and discussions afterwards. A number of young people asked about studying physics at university.

None yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Talk to Durham City Astronomical Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Around 30 people attended a talk, which resulted in discussion and questions

none
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Talk to Durham University Astrosoc 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Around 40 undergraduates attended a talk, resulting in questions and some interesdt in potential postgraduate studies

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Talk to Highlands Astrosoc 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Keynote/Invited Speaker
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Around 80 people attended a talk about gamma-ray astronomy on 5/11/13, with questions and discussion afterwards.

None yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Talk to York School Pupils 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Around 30 school pupils attended, with lots of questions.

None measurable.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Talk to students at Oxford Physics Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Presentation and discussion on VHE gamma ray astronomy to undergraduate students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Visit to Southmoor Academy Sunderland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Lots of questions, some students asked specific questions about applying to university

One of my undergraduate project students is returning to the school.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014