Investigations in Gravitational Radiation

Lead Research Organisation: Cardiff University
Department Name: School of Physics and Astronomy

Abstract

Einstein's General Relativity predicts that dynamical systems in strong gravity fields will emit vast amounts of energy in the form of gravitational waves (GW). Thse ripples in the very fabric of spacetime that travel from their sources at the speed of light, carrying information about physical processes responsible for their emission. They are among the most elusive signals from the deepest reaches in the Universe. Experiments aimed at detecting them have been in development for several decades, and are now reaching sensitivities where detection is expected within a few years.

The worldwide network of interferometric detectors includes the American advanced Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (aLIGO), the French-Italian-Dutch-Polish advanced Virgo (AdV) and the German-UK GEO600 that are being enhanced with a new detector (KAGRA) under construction in Japan. The former detectors have all reached sensitivities close to their design goals and have taken the most sensitive data to date. Cooperation amongst different projects has enabled continuous data acquisition, with sensitivity to a wide range of sources and phenomena, over most of the sky. Modelling GW sources has allowed deeper searches and data from LIGO, Virgo, and GEO have increased our understanding of astronomical phenomena. For example, we have built accurate models to describe the dynamics of spinning black hole binaries for improving efficiency of detection and accuracy of parameter estimation, initiated studies on distinguishing models of the formation and evolution of compact binaries and supernovae, ruled out merging neutron star binary as progenitor of the gamma ray burst (GRB) GRB070201, and shown that less than 1% of the Crab pulsar's radiated power is in GW.

We are now entering a new era as advanced detectors begin their first phase of operation and within a few years will, we expect, routinely observe GW. The aLIGO detectors are based on the quasi-monolithic silica suspension concept developed in the UK for GEO600 and on the high power lasers developed by our German colleagues in GEO600. The AdV also uses a variant of the silica suspension technology. Further, KAGRA is being built with input on cryogenic bonding technology from the UK groups.

The consortium groups have initiated and led searches for astronomical sources, thanks to funding support received since first data taking runs began 12 years ago. Key ingredients of several searches (accurate waveforms models, geometric formulation of data analysis to optimise searches, algorithms to search for generic bursts, Bayesian search and inference techniques) were developed at Cardiff and Glasgow.

We propose a programme that leads to full exploitation of data from aLIGO and AdV, building on the analysis of data from the most recent LIGO/Virgo science runs and from GEO600 while the advanced detectors were under construction. In particular, we will refine waveform models and carry out deep and wide parameter space searches for coalescing binaries, GW emitted in coincidence with GRBs and supernovae, and continuous signals from rotating neutron stars.

In parallel, we propose essential detector R&D. Detector sensitivity is mainly limited by thermal noise associated with the substrates of the mirrors, their reflective coatings, and their suspension elements, as well as by noise resulting from the quantum nature of the light used in sensing. Our research is targeted towards making innovative improvements in these areas, essential to maximize the astrophysical potential of GW observatories. We have major responsibilities for the silica suspensions in aLIGO, both in the US and for a possible 3rd aLIGO detector in India, and in the development of enhancements and upgrades to the aLIGO detectors in the areas of mirror coatings for low thermal noise, silicon substrates, room temperature and cryogenic suspensions and improved interferometer topologies to combat quantum noise.

Planned Impact

The consortium has a strong and extensive track record in working with industry, in public outreach and schoolteacher CPD, which will continue under the proposed work. Beneficiaries will include the optics industry e.g. companies such as Gooch and Housego (enhancing capability in the area of manufacture of optical components), and such as Gas Sensing Solutions via development of custom optical filters for medical applications. Beneficiaries will also include those working in the sectors of energy/security via the application of MEMS gravimeters. The consortium has transferred technical knowledge and will further do so to help company competitiveness and success, all feeding back into the UK economy. The UK economy will further benefit through the spinning off of new companies arising from the research - based on a combination of the experience of the consortium members e.g. those at UWS who have already spun-off four companies and are in the midst of spinning off two others - and younger members at Glasgow and Sheffield who are heading to spin off their first company or license out their technology.

We anticipate research developments, spinning off from the gravitational wave work to contribute to the grand challenge areas of health and wellbeing via developments of software algorithms which can help with removal of artefacts in scanning medical imaging devices. More globally, as a spin-off from the gravitational waves work at Cardiff a Data Innovation Institute has been established to conduct fundamental research into the aspects of managing, analysing and interpreting massive volumes of textual and numerical information. This will benefit projects a wide-ranging spectrum of disciplines including social, biological, life and engineering sciences. For example, in the biological and life sciences by extracting information from data sets without compromising privacy and confidentiality, and interpreting large data sets into reliable and understandable mathematical models.

Public outreach involving television, radio, science festivals, masterclasses and public lectures feature strongly in our present and proposed programmes and the legacy of the effort we have devoted to celebrate the international year of light - such as the development of a laser harp - fit well with the wider public outreach work we undertake in collaboration with the LIGO Scientific Collaboration on the physics of neutron stars, black holes and the Universe as a whole.

Working with the Scottish government and Education Scotland members of the consortium will build on previous work contributing strongly to the curriculum for physics in Scotland by extending provision of CPD for schoolteachers in Scotland, producing videos and other material helping them to tackle the challenges introduced by the more interdisciplinary nature of the new school qualifications, and this support is very transportable to be used throughout the UK.

The wide range of impact provided by the scale of our programme is excellent for the training of early career researchers and graduate students and we aim to ensure that all our young scientists have experience in these areas, enabling them to have access to a wide range of career opportunities.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title Gravitational Wave Artwork Infinite LIGO Dreams 
Description Painting inspired by first detection of gravitational waves. 
Type Of Art Image 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact The Institute of Physics Scotland will be awarding 5 special edition prints 'Infinite LIGO Dreams' to winners of a science award that will be presented in the summer of 2017. Featured by Physics World http://blog.physicsworld.com/2016/11/24/the-beauty-of-gravitational-waves/ Featured by CERN Courier http://cerncourier.com/cws/download/Jan-Feb17 
 
Description Astroparticle Physics European Consortium
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description KAGRA Programme Advisory Board
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Member of STFC Computing Advisory Panel
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description SF - Member of STFC Computing Strategic Review
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://www.stfc.ac.uk/about-us/how-we-are-governed/advisory-boards-panels-committees/computing-advis...
 
Description Virgo Science & Technology Advisory Committee
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description Authentication and Authorisation For Research and Collaboration (AARC2)
Amount € 2,999,892 (EUR)
Funding ID 730941 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 05/2017 
End 04/2019
 
Description Centre for Doctoral Training in Data Intensive Science
Amount £1,005,532 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/P006779/1 
Organisation Cardiff University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 09/2022
 
Description GHammond Newton fund India
Amount £300,000 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/R001928/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 06/2017 
End 05/2020
 
Description IHeng Newton China
Amount £224,989 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/R002770/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
End 12/2019
 
Description Mapping gravitational waves from collisions of black holes
Amount € 1,998,009 (EUR)
Funding ID 647839 
Organisation European Research Council (ERC) 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 10/2015 
End 09/2020
 
Description Proposal for UK Involvement in the Operation of Advanced LIGO
Amount £829,829 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/N000064/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 12/2019
 
Description ALUK 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Department UK Advanced LIGO Project (ALUK)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The UK Advanced LIGO Project (ALUK) involves transfer of the multiple stage / monolithic silica suspension technology developed for the GEO 600 detector to the LIGO detectors based in the U.S. Along with transfer of enhanced interferometric techniques this will create Advanced LIGO (aLIGO). We have provided all the main suspension systems for the three Advanced LIGO gravitational wave detectors. These complex mechanical systems suspend the core optical components, i.e. mirrors and beam-splitters, which form the interferometer at the heart of each detector. In particular we developed and then provided the ultra-low-dissipation, fused silica suspension technology that enables Advanced LIGO to have excellent sensitivity at low frequencies, plus all the associated production and characterisation equipment necessary to manufacture, install and maintain the suspensions. We provide continuing support for the assembly, characterisation, commissioning and operation of the suspensions and related detector technology.
Collaborator Contribution Membership of the ALUK enabled the associated project to be completed. Intellectual input, and design, procurement and manufacturing effort was shared among the partners. A memorandum of understanding signed by LIGO provides for access to gravitational wave data from aLIGO. The aims of the ALUK collaboration are to design and build detector components, and to assist with their installation and commissioning, and with the operation of the resulting aLIGO detectors. Collaborators provided design input to many subsystems of the project, expertise in procurement and manufacturing of precision electronic and mechanical components, and also project management.
Impact Philip Leverhulme Prize RCUK Fellowship Post-doctoral Fellowship EC Framework 7 Infrastructures program International Joint Project Award scheme Travel grant RCUK Science Bridges RCUK Science Bridges Seedcorn grant Research Merit Award JISC Grant SUPA Studentship Science in Society Fellowship RSE/Scottish Executive Personal Research Fellowship MP FS AH MB SR Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition 2008 Appearance on Radio 4 programme "In our time" Appearance on BBC One Countryfile Regular visits to local schools Public lectures at Science Centres and Science Festivals Events for International Year of Astronomy 2009 Lectures to amateur astronomical societies Meet the Scientist @ Glasgow Science Centre Science @ the Scottish Parliament Astronomy's New Messengers Icarus at the Edge of Time CPD Training for schoolteachers ScienceFace Scottish Science Advisory Council Technology Development Hydroxy-catalysis bonding for technology applications Hydroxy-catalysis bonding for research Fused silica suspension fibres for application in technology Fused silica suspension fibres for gravitational wave detectors Bayesian Techniques in precision optical sensing Bayesian Techniques in gravitational wave data analysis Amplitude or arbitrary phase sideband optical cavity probes Technology Development Diffractively coupled high finesse optical cavities Silicon Carbide bonding Berlin 2009 GWADW 2009 Amaldi 2009 RAS NAM 2009 GWADW 2009 RAS NAM 2008 Texas 2008 Moscow 2008 Schuster Colloquium Elizabeth Spreadbury Lecture RSE Gunning Victoria Jubilee Prize Lectureship Wolfson Research Merit Award Tannahill Lecture and Medal Fellow ISGRGI FRSE (1) FInstP (1) FRAS (1) FRSE (2) Max-Planck-Society FRAS (2) History and Development of Knowledge IOP Nuclear and Particle Physics Divisional Conference Advanced Detector Workshop Kyoto LISA Symposium Stanford Optical Fibre Sensors Edinburgh Advanced Detector Workshop Florida Gravitational Wave Bursts meeting Mexico ILIAS Dresden IoP NPPD conference Glasgow 12th Marcel Grossman meeting Paris Lomonosov conference Moscow Advanced Detector Workshop Florida GR19 Meeting Mexico LISA International Symposium Stanford OECD Global Science Forum India IAU Rio de Janeiro Amaldi NY Fujihara Seminar Tokyo OECD Global Science Forum Cracow NEB X111 Thessaloniki New Worlds Portugal PASCOS 07 London LEOS Montreal XX1X Spanish Relativity Meeting Mallorca Rencontres de Moriond Italy Texas Symposium Heidelberg Aspera Workshop Paris IoP HEPP and AP Annual Meeting Frontiers in Optics, OSA, San Jose Amaldi NY Fujiwara Foundation Seminar Japan Advanced Detector Workshop Florida IoP Astroparticle meeting Oxford Cosmo 07 Sussex Aspera Workshop Paris Workshop on Charging Issues MIT IoP NPPD Annual conference Surrey RAS ordinary meeting London ILIAS Italy IAU General Assembly Prague NPPD Conference Glasgow Statistical Challenges Penn State Amaldi student talk Visiting Professorship Jena STFC Particle Astrophysics Advisory panel Physical and Engineering Committee of ESF SSAC Chair GWIC Chair STFC Panels Royal Society Research Grants Panel Aspera/ApPEC Science Advisory Committee Trustee RSE RSE Fellowship Committee IoP Awards Committee Chair LIGO Election & Membership GWIC Deputy Chair PPAN RSE Grants Committee RSE Sectional Committee Stanford-Scotland Photonics GEO Executive Committee FP7 ET Design Study Member STFC Science Committee PPAN GWIC Roadmap committee STFC Oversight Committee Zeplin III Aspera/ApPEC Peer Review Committee Governing Council FP6 ILIAS Aspera/ApPEC Roadmap Committee Advanced Detector committee LSC Publication Policy committee LSC LSC CW Group co-Chair reelected SUPA Astro theme leader LSC CW Group co-chair LSC Detection Committee LSC Data Analysis Council FRSE Aspen Center for Physics 2008 Aspen Center for Physics 2011 Advanced Detectors Workshop Kyoto Cosmic Co-Motion Queensland SAMSI North Carolina Center for Astrostatistics Penn State RAS NAM Llandudno Cosmology and Machine Learning UCL ILIAS Dresden PF PhD FB PhD KC Ugrad LO Ugrad RD Ugrad LM Ugrad LMac Ugrad AB Ugrad EWB Ugrad DF PhD ST Staff BL Staff HW PhD KB RA SF Staff KS staff LSF staff ZP Ugrad DH PhD RU Ugrad NH Ugrad MC Ugrad SL Ugrad NG Ugrad CS PhD OB PhD OB PhD MB PhD EJ Ugrad RM Ugrad RW Ugrad SJ Ugrad SL Ugrad BL Staff BG Ugrad AP PhD PS staff VM staff LG Staff CC PhD SZ Ugrad NM PhD MJ staff AG PhD FGC PhD
 
Description GEO600 
Organisation Max Planck Society
Department Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Detector characterisation and data analysis; strategic plans, scientific motivation for improving detector sensitivity.
Collaborator Contribution Building, maintaining, and operating the detector, detector characterisation and data analysis.
Impact A working gravitational wave detector, development of advanced technology for advanced and third generation detectors.
 
Description GEO600 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Detector characterisation and data analysis; strategic plans, scientific motivation for improving detector sensitivity.
Collaborator Contribution Building, maintaining, and operating the detector, detector characterisation and data analysis.
Impact A working gravitational wave detector, development of advanced technology for advanced and third generation detectors.
 
Description GEO600 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Detector characterisation and data analysis; strategic plans, scientific motivation for improving detector sensitivity.
Collaborator Contribution Building, maintaining, and operating the detector, detector characterisation and data analysis.
Impact A working gravitational wave detector, development of advanced technology for advanced and third generation detectors.
 
Description GEO600 
Organisation University of the Balearic Islands
Country Spain 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Detector characterisation and data analysis; strategic plans, scientific motivation for improving detector sensitivity.
Collaborator Contribution Building, maintaining, and operating the detector, detector characterisation and data analysis.
Impact A working gravitational wave detector, development of advanced technology for advanced and third generation detectors.
 
Description GEO600 
Organisation University of the West of Scotland
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Detector characterisation and data analysis; strategic plans, scientific motivation for improving detector sensitivity.
Collaborator Contribution Building, maintaining, and operating the detector, detector characterisation and data analysis.
Impact A working gravitational wave detector, development of advanced technology for advanced and third generation detectors.
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Beijing Normal University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Cardiff University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Changchun University
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Hubei University of Education
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Imperial College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Shandong University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Sun Yat-Sen University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Tongji University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation Tsinghua University China
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation University of Southampton
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation University of Strathclyde
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description Gravitational-wave Excellence through Alliance Training (GrEAT) Network with China 
Organisation University of the West of Scotland
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As this is training and capacity building grant, we will contribute scientific excellence and skills across the full range of gravitational wave science (from instrumentation to astrophysics), as well as our expertise in outreach and collaboration with industry.
Collaborator Contribution Full range of the relevant expertise available in the Chinese Gravitational Wave consortium.
Impact Collaboration just started
Start Year 2018
 
Description LIGO Scientific Collaboration 
Organisation LIGO Scientific Collaboration
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Search algorithms and software, data analysis and astrophysical interpretation, scientific motivation for improvement in detector sensitivity
Collaborator Contribution Building, maintaining, and operating the LIGO detectors
Impact Publications, conference plenaries, conference contributions
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation Cardiff University
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation Indian Institute of Technology Madras
Country India 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA)
Country India 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
Country India 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation University of Birmingham
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation University of Sheffield
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation University of Southampton
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation University of Strathclyde
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Description STFC Newton-Bhabha: Capacity Building for LIGO-India 
Organisation University of the West of Scotland
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Glasgow will be hosting a UK focused meeting in April 2018, also staff visits of colleagues from RRCAT and IIT Bombay.
Collaborator Contribution Partners are contributing staff for exchanges, Indian partners will contribute in-kind support of staff & computing time.
Impact MOU between UK and Indian institutes Collaboration agreement signed between UK and Indian institutes Just starting a print run of a book in general relativity, to be distributed to Indian schools
Start Year 2017
 
Title Gravitational Wave Analysis Software 
Description Software to perform parameter estimation and model selection for gravitational waves emitted by merging black holes and neutron stars. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact This software was used in the analysis of gravitational waves. 
URL https://lscsoft.docs.ligo.org/lalsuite/lalinference/index.html
 
Title Gravitational Wave Analysis Software 
Description Software to perform parameter estimation and model selection, especially (but not limited to) for gravitational waves emitted by merging black holes and neutron stars. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2019 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Next generation software to be used by the LIGO-Virgo collaboration in the analysis of gravitational waves. 
URL https://lscsoft.docs.ligo.org/bilby/index.html
 
Title Gravitational Wave Search Software 
Description Software to perform searches for gravitational waves associated with astrophysical triggers. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2010 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact Used for many observational results publications by LIGO. 
URL https://trac.ligo.caltech.edu/xpipeline/
 
Title Gravitational Wave Search Software 
Description Software to perform searches for gravitational waves emitted by merging black holes and neutron stars. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact This software was used in the detection of gravitational waves. 
URL https://github.com/ligo-cbc/pycbc
 
Title Gravitational Wave Search Software 
Description Software to perform searches for gravitational waves emitted by merging black holes and neutron stars. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2015 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact This software was used in the detection of gravitational waves. 
URL https://github.com/ligo-cbc/pycbc
 
Title Publication and presentation software 
Description The LIGO Scientific Collaboration comprises over 1,000 scientists. We have developed a web-based tool that tracks the publications written and presentations given by the members of the collaboration. The Collaboration performs an internal review of these materials prior to release, and the tool has vastly simplified this process, saving countless hours of researcher time. 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact The webtool is used regularly by members of the collaboration. It is a significant improvement over a previous, email based, system. The new system as save countless hours of researcher time in circulating and reviewing these publications and presentations. 
URL https://pnp.ligo.org/
 
Description "Star Attractions at the Museum" at National Museum Cardiff 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public talk on gravitational waves.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Black hole hunter 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation Workshop Facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Developed the Black Hole Hunter game to give the public insight into how gravitational wave searches are performed. The game was updated at the time of the first gravitational wave detection. It has had over 50000 page views since the detectio, and 14000 unique visitors since the detection.


Tens of thousands of members of the public have played the game. It is widely used in outreach exhibits around the world and has been translated into French, Spanish and German
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008,2009,2010,2011,2012
URL http://blackholehunter.org/
 
Description Jeremiah Horrocks winter lecture, UCLan 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public lecture on recent gravitational-wave discoveries, parked many questions and interest from audience of general public
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description New Scientist Instant Expert Event (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk given at New Scientist Instant Expert event on Big Physics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description New Scientist Instant Expert Event (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk to 300 members of the public at New Scientist Instant Expert event on General Relativity
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description New Scientist Live 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk given at New Scientist Live event
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Oracle's High Performance Cloud for Research & Innovation workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk, Oracle's High Performance Cloud for Research & Innovation, Bristol, UK, November 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.futurespacebristol.co.uk/event/oracles-high-performance-cloud-for-research-innovation/
 
Description Presentation to the Scientific Instrument Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk to members of the Scientific Instrument Society on gravitational waves
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentations at the Cardiff University Open Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Presentations to prospective undergraduate students at the Cardiff University Open Day, Cardiff, UK. Title: Exploding stars, black holes and gravitational waves.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019
 
Description School Visit (Cardiff) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Presentation on Gravitational Waves during STEM week at local school.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Scienceface interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 2017.09.22 Einstein's former summer house, Caputh, Germany: Interviewed on film for a new episode of the Scienceface series; film presently being edited for publication later in 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Talk at school teachers workshop explaining gravitational waves and how to detect them 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A presentation on gravitational waves and how to detect them on a workshop for school teachers.
February 2018 at Marburg University, Germany.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Talk to Cardiff Astronomical Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk to Cardiff Astro Society on gravitational waves
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description The First Ever Detection of Gravitational Waves 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Short video describing the first observation of gravitational waves. Posted on YouTube and viewed by over 10,000 people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lcxt097G4Ps
 
Description The First Sounds of the Cosmic Symphony 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The First Sounds of the Cosmic Symphony, a stand-up talk on gravitational-wave research activity for the general public, Chapter Arts Centre, Cardiff [14/10/2016]
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Video - LIGO: past, present and future 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact LIGO scientists at Cardiff talk about the historic first ever detection of gravitational waves. Looking to the future, they speak about the prospect of a new era of "gravitational wave astronomy". Viewed by more than 1200 people to date.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TNhI57b9JOc
 
Description Webinar "Enabling University Research at Scale" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Broadcasted talk on gravitational waves and cloud computing
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.govtech.com/education/events/webinars/Enabling-University-Research-at-Scale-97323.html