The John Adams Institute for Accelerator Science

Lead Research Organisation: Imperial College London
Department Name: Dept of Physics

Abstract

The John Adams Institute for Accelerator Science (JAI) is a Centre of Excellence in the UK for advanced and novel accelerator technology, providing expertise, research, development and training in accelerator techniques, and promoting advanced accelerator applications in science and society.
The JAI, established in 2004, initially as a joint venture between the Departments of Physics in the University of Oxford (UOXF) and Royal Holloway University of London (RHUL), expanded in 2011 with a new research base at Imperial College London (ICL) joining the two existing centres at RHUL and the UOXF. The five strategic guiding principles of our operation are: a) focus on the training programme and its enhancement to encompass the accelerator training together with laser and plasma physics; b) focus on the programmes that bring the partner universities together; c) focus on laser-plasma acceleration and its application for development of compact light sources; d) maintaining support and engagement into the programmes of strategic importance for UK; e) proactively developing collaborative projects with UK and worldwide partners. Our successful operation through the present grant has confirmed the validity of these guiding principles and we are aiming to maintain these principles throughout the future grant period as well.

Our submission for 2017-2021 is focused on the national priorities and will aim at the following themes: 1- graduate training, 2- development of novel X-ray light sources that allow to study novel materials, new medicines, large and complicated protein molecules; 3- development of novel methods of acceleration of charged particles based on excitation of wakes in plasma by intense laser pulse; 4- development of future colliders of particles, that will allow to study physics beyond of the recently discovered Higgs boson; 5- development of methods to accelerate very powerful beams of protons, enabling to use them for proton cancer therapy, for creation of neutron sources for discovery science and neutrino sources for fundamental particle physics study. We will also develop links with industry and participate in outreach.

Planned Impact

The JAI will endeavour to identify and support activities that lead to economic and societal impact. The technology development during the grant and skills in the JAI team will be reviewed alongside knowledge exchange and public engagement experts across the three institutions to ensure opportunities for impact beyond academia are maximised. The JAI have identified a number of key projects that will benefit directly and indirectly the UK economy, industry, healthcare and engagement in science.

Our development of cavities for Asymmetric Energy Recovery LINACs can lead to a significant change in accelerator technology that could allow companies in the semiconductor and security sectors to profit from creating new products as well as allowing universities and hospitals to benefit from being able to access accelerator technology and its ability to be used for biomedical research and patient treatments respectively.

The JAI's further development of our Frequency Scanning Interferometry technology will lead to enhanced products for those manufacturing and distributing self-tracking laser interferometers, which are used for making precision measurements. Companies will also benefit such as the airline industry by being able to produce more efficient large aircraft, which could also help efforts to reduce the environmental impact of air travel.

The JAI will also bring together an expert multi-disciplinary team including the High Energy
Physics Group at Imperial College London, the Department of Oncology at Imperial College Medical School, the Oxford Institute for Radiation Oncology as well as companies in the medical technology industry. This team will investigate hadron therapy technology as well as associated imaging and diagnostics and could benefit the NHS and patients undergoing treatments for cancer.

The JAI have a very strong record of award-winning public engagement and outreach programmes, which we will continue to support and build on during this grant. Our activities will benefit school children through our support for training teachers in APPEAL - Accelerator and Particle Physics at A Level as well as our 'Accelerate!' shows for high school students. We will continue our partnerships with organisations including the Royal Institution, Institute of Physics, Science Oxford, South East Physics Network, BAAS, local Cafés Scientifique, BBC local and national broadcasting and international media to find new and effective channels for wider engagement and to inspire the next generation of physicists.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description We have used laser wakefield accelerators to test the energy loss of an electron passing through an electromagnetic field - the radiation reaction - and found experimental signatures for its quantum behaviour:
- Cole, J.M., K.T. Behm, E. Gerstmayr, T.G. Blackburn, J.C. Wood, C.D. Baird, M.J. Duff, et al. "Experimental Evidence of Radiation Reaction in the Collision of a High-Intensity Laser Pulse with a Laser-Wakefield Accelerated Electron Beam." Physical Review X 8, no. 1 (February 7, 2018): 011020. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevX.8.011020.
- Poder, K., M. Tamburini, G. Sarri, A. Di Piazza, S. Kuschel, C. D. Baird, K. Behm, et al. "Experimental Signatures of the Quantum Nature of Radiation Reaction in the Field of an Ultraintense Laser." Physical Review X 8, no. 3 (July 5, 2018): 031004. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevX.8.031004.

We have used the betatron radiation produced by a plasma accelerator to take tomographic (3D) images of biological samples for the first time:
- Cole, Jason M., Daniel R. Symes, Nelson C. Lopes, Jonathan C. Wood, Kristjan Poder, Saleh Alatabi, Stanley W. Botchway, et al. "High-Resolution ?CT of a Mouse Embryo Using a Compact Laser-Driven X-Ray Betatron Source." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115, no. 25 (June 19, 2018): 6335-40. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1802314115.
Exploitation Route Yes, as noted, our work is central to the £81M BEIS funding of the EPAC facility at the Rutherford-Appleton Laboratory.
Sectors Aerospace, Defence and Marine,Agriculture, Food and Drink,Chemicals,Construction,Electronics,Energy,Environment,Healthcare,Manufacturing, including Industrial Biotechology,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology,Transport

 
Description John Adams Institute - Capital Equipment 2017-19
Amount £42,357 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/P005861/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2017 
End 03/2020
 
Description STFC Imperial John Adams Inst Studentships 2018
Amount £278,370 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/S505833/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 09/2022
 
Description The John Adams Institute for Accelerator Science Capital Equipment 2018
Amount £102,982 (GBP)
Funding ID ST/S001956/1 
Organisation Science and Technologies Facilities Council (STFC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2018 
End 09/2019
 
Description ATF BNL 
Organisation Brookhaven National Laboratory
Department Accelerator Test Facility
Country United States 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Experimental proposals and performing collaborative experiments
Collaborator Contribution Access to state of the art infrared laser facility
Impact Two papers in Physical Review Letters, as well as other minor publications
Start Year 2008
 
Description EuPRAXIA 
Organisation EuPRAXIA
Country European Union (EU) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Developing laser wakefield acceleration
Collaborator Contribution Developing applications of wakefield acceleration
Impact NA
Start Year 2016
 
Description Hercules Michigan 
Organisation University of Michigan
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Experiment proposals and collaborative experiments
Collaborator Contribution Access to experimental facilities (Hercules Laser)
Impact Paper in Nature Physics, and Applied Physics Letters
Start Year 2009
 
Description IOQ Jena 
Organisation Friedrich Schiller University Jena (FSU)
Department Institute of Optics and Quantum Electronics (IOQ Jena)
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Proposed & collaborated on an experiment at IOQ Jena
Collaborator Contribution Provided experimental time and access to high power and ultrashort pulse laser facility
Impact Paper in Physical Review Letters
Start Year 2013
 
Description IST AWAKE contribution 
Organisation University of Lisbon
Department Instituto Superior Tecnico
Country Portugal 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We are collaborating with Dr Nelson Lopes to develop a next generation plasma cell for the AWAKE-II run. We have built a prototype in the Blackett Laboratory that will be expanded to 10m to be implemented in CERN. We are also contributing with diagnostics of the cell.
Collaborator Contribution Dr Lopes was instrumental in the building of the cell, in design for the power supply (which uses solid-state switches to be low power) and in pitching the use of the cell to the AWAKE collaboration.
Impact Dr Lopes has obtained seed-corn money from the FCT in Portugal to continue cell development, and we have recently been awarded money in the AWAKE-UK collaboration to build a cell for CERN.
Start Year 2012
 
Description MoD DSTL 
Organisation Defence Science & Technology Laboratory (DSTL)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
Start Year 2005
 
Description University of Oxford 
Organisation University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
Start Year 2004
 
Description University of Strathclyde 
Organisation University of Strathclyde
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
Start Year 2004
 
Description "How to make a supernova" exhibit at Royal Society Summer Exhibition 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Shalloo, along with other members of the Clarendon and ICL Plasma, has manned the "How to make a Supernova" exhibit at the Royal Society Summer Exhibition (2017) demonstrating how high intensity laser experiments can create models of extreme astrophysical objects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://royalsociety.org/science-events-and-lectures/2017/summer-science-exhibition/
 
Description "Laser" exhibit at Great Exhbition Road Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Rob Shalloo, Emma-Jane Ditter (and Nic Gruse) manned an exhibit on "Lasers and Light" that gave visitors the chance to race against each other to align a light path from a laser.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.greatexhibitionroadfestival.co.uk
 
Description Central Laser Facility Industry Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Discussed with industrial users, applications of plasma accelerators
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description School Research Project with Abingdon School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Steve Rose has run a research project with school students from Abingdon school to analyse the data from the Timepix detectors in the ICL Breit-Wheeler experiment (2019) run by Institute for Research in Schools (IRIS). Steve Rose is a co-founder and trustee of IRIS (http://www.researchinschools.org).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019,2020
URL http://www.researchinschools.org
 
Description Talk to IC-SW Alumni Association 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 30-40 IC Alumni interested in research taking place in the University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Talk to Imperial College PhysSoc 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Talked about novel plasma accelerators to undergraduate students, which many reported was the first time they had heard of the concept.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Women in Physics Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Emma-Jane Ditter co-founded and is the current lead of the Women in Physic group at ICL, which aims to empower, support and promote women in physics. They run weekly lunches, semesterly events, and seminars to create a cohort, provide networking opportunities and to make women more visible in the field. The group has grown to around 200 members including undergrads, postgrads, postdoc's and staff. She has raised around £1000 a year from internal and external sources to fund events. Last year she introduced term-time yoga classes for postgraduate and staff as part of the colleges push toward better mental health practices. The group has now transformed from a student lead initiative to a well-established network of staff and Post Docs with full support from the Head of Department and assistance provost
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018,2019,2020
URL https://www.imperial.ac.uk/physics/about/women-in-physics/