Solar System Consolidated Grant 2019-22

Lead Research Organisation: University College London
Department Name: Mullard Space Science Laboratory

Abstract

The aims of the solar system programme at UCL-MSSL are to break new ground in the understanding of the physical processes at work within each of our theme topics:
a) solar magnetic activity, its causes, consequences, and influence on the Solar System
b) solar wind formation and propagation and evolution through the heliosphere; including the source of the solar wind and understanding which regions on the Sun control the solar wind, and in-situ dynamics of energy transport in space plasmas.
c) solar wind interaction with the Earth's magnetosphere; including solar wind physics at kinetic and large scales, reconnection, magnetospheric acceleration and transport processes and processes controlling the aurora and radiation belts
d) solar wind and plasma interactions at other planetary environments; including ionospheric processes, comet-plasma interactions, planetary magnetospheric plasma and charged dust populations and processes driving aurorae and X-ray emission in atmospheres and on surfaces
e) planetary surface formation processes; including cratering chronology and dynamic feature tracking via super-resolution restoration
These goals are addressed using data from space- and ground- based instruments, and modelling.

Planned Impact

Our research has substantial impact, for example its relevance to emerging space weather activities, spinouts from miniaturized plasma instrumentation studies, tests of an automatic crack detection system in steel plants in the UK and Austria. Training and outreach are also key areas in our programme, consistent with STFC priorities. For example, many staff and students engage with schools and groups via talks & activities, and participate in frequent media appearances.

The research in projects 1-11 is closely aligned with one or more STFC Key Scientific Challenges (https://www.stfc.ac.uk/challenges). The projects are all in highly research-active fields, addressing questions of the physical laws responsible for the Sun, the heliosphere and Solar System bodies. Our proposed science activities capitalize on major investments made by the UK and others in space hardware, and are preparatory to maximizing science return from future missions to which the UK is making major financial contributions. MSSL is thus very well placed to do this and to lead early publications from the new missions.

The broad relevance the work in projects 1-11 is in the extension of knowledge and understanding of the Solar System. There are also specific relevancies in education, instrumentation and space weather with medium- to long-term commercial opportunities. Projects 1-8, and 10, directly address the 'science behind space weather', and will provide important new results.

Our research will have substantial Academic impact, and Economic and Societal Impact. These, with our Track Record, are described in the Impact Plan.

Publications

10 25 50
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Verscharen D (2019) A step closer to the Sun's secrets. in Nature

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Macneil A (2019) Active Region Modulation of Coronal Hole Solar Wind in The Astrophysical Journal

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Haythornthwaite R (2020) Fast and Slow Water Ion Populations in the Enceladus Plume in Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

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Cao Y. -T. (2020) Field-Aligned Photoelectron Energy Peaks at High Altitude and on the Nightside of Titan in Journal of Geophysical Research (Planets)

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Wellbrock A (2019) Heavy negative ion growth in Titan's polar winter in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

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Klein K (2019) Linear Stability in the Inner Heliosphere: Helios Re-evaluated in The Astrophysical Journal

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On A (2019) Polarized radiative transfer, rotation measure fluctuations, and large-scale magnetic fields in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

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Jasinski Jamie M. (2019) Saturn's Open-Closed Field Line Boundary: A Cassini Electron Survey at Saturn's Magnetosphere in Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)

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Thomsen M. F. (2019) Saturn's Plasmapause: Signature of Magnetospheric Dynamics in Journal of Geophysical Research (Space Physics)

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Thomsen M (2019) Saturn's Plasmapause: Signature of Magnetospheric Dynamics in Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics

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Verscharen D (2019) Self-induced Scattering of Strahl Electrons in the Solar Wind in The Astrophysical Journal

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Verscharen D (2019) The multi-scale nature of the solar wind. in Living reviews in solar physics

 
Description Cascading effects of global positioning and navigation satellite service failures
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10076568/
 
Description Organisational Resilience for Severe Space Weather
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Implementation circular/rapid advice/letter to e.g. Ministry of Health
URL https://doi.org/10.14324/000.rp.10076567
 
Description ALPS 
Organisation Harvard University
Department Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Daniel Verscharen has led the proposal preparation of the ALPS proposal to NASA before his STFC fellowship began, and he is still the ALPS project manager. He has programmed the ALPS code in close partnership with Kris Klein from the University of Arizona. He also led the official code paper published in 2018 and the extension of the network of collaborators to include the Universities of Cologne and Helsinki.
Collaborator Contribution The colleagues from New Hampshire, Arizona, Berkeley, and Harvard have supported the code development and the preparation of the code paper in Journal of Plasma Physics. Colleagues from Berkeley and Harvard have supplied space-plasma data to analyse with the ALPS code, and related papers are currently under preparation. The colleagues from Cologne have motivated future studies of relativistic electron physics in Jupiter's magnetosphere based on Juno spacecraft data.
Impact The ALPS code paper was published in 2018 (doi: 10.1017/S0022377818000739).
Start Year 2015
 
Description ALPS 
Organisation University of Arizona
Department Lunar and Planetary Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Daniel Verscharen has led the proposal preparation of the ALPS proposal to NASA before his STFC fellowship began, and he is still the ALPS project manager. He has programmed the ALPS code in close partnership with Kris Klein from the University of Arizona. He also led the official code paper published in 2018 and the extension of the network of collaborators to include the Universities of Cologne and Helsinki.
Collaborator Contribution The colleagues from New Hampshire, Arizona, Berkeley, and Harvard have supported the code development and the preparation of the code paper in Journal of Plasma Physics. Colleagues from Berkeley and Harvard have supplied space-plasma data to analyse with the ALPS code, and related papers are currently under preparation. The colleagues from Cologne have motivated future studies of relativistic electron physics in Jupiter's magnetosphere based on Juno spacecraft data.
Impact The ALPS code paper was published in 2018 (doi: 10.1017/S0022377818000739).
Start Year 2015
 
Description ALPS 
Organisation University of California, Berkeley
Department Space Sciences Laboratory
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Daniel Verscharen has led the proposal preparation of the ALPS proposal to NASA before his STFC fellowship began, and he is still the ALPS project manager. He has programmed the ALPS code in close partnership with Kris Klein from the University of Arizona. He also led the official code paper published in 2018 and the extension of the network of collaborators to include the Universities of Cologne and Helsinki.
Collaborator Contribution The colleagues from New Hampshire, Arizona, Berkeley, and Harvard have supported the code development and the preparation of the code paper in Journal of Plasma Physics. Colleagues from Berkeley and Harvard have supplied space-plasma data to analyse with the ALPS code, and related papers are currently under preparation. The colleagues from Cologne have motivated future studies of relativistic electron physics in Jupiter's magnetosphere based on Juno spacecraft data.
Impact The ALPS code paper was published in 2018 (doi: 10.1017/S0022377818000739).
Start Year 2015
 
Description ALPS 
Organisation University of Cologne
Department Institute of Geophysics and Meteorology
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Daniel Verscharen has led the proposal preparation of the ALPS proposal to NASA before his STFC fellowship began, and he is still the ALPS project manager. He has programmed the ALPS code in close partnership with Kris Klein from the University of Arizona. He also led the official code paper published in 2018 and the extension of the network of collaborators to include the Universities of Cologne and Helsinki.
Collaborator Contribution The colleagues from New Hampshire, Arizona, Berkeley, and Harvard have supported the code development and the preparation of the code paper in Journal of Plasma Physics. Colleagues from Berkeley and Harvard have supplied space-plasma data to analyse with the ALPS code, and related papers are currently under preparation. The colleagues from Cologne have motivated future studies of relativistic electron physics in Jupiter's magnetosphere based on Juno spacecraft data.
Impact The ALPS code paper was published in 2018 (doi: 10.1017/S0022377818000739).
Start Year 2015
 
Description ALPS 
Organisation University of New Hampshire
Department Space Science Center
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Daniel Verscharen has led the proposal preparation of the ALPS proposal to NASA before his STFC fellowship began, and he is still the ALPS project manager. He has programmed the ALPS code in close partnership with Kris Klein from the University of Arizona. He also led the official code paper published in 2018 and the extension of the network of collaborators to include the Universities of Cologne and Helsinki.
Collaborator Contribution The colleagues from New Hampshire, Arizona, Berkeley, and Harvard have supported the code development and the preparation of the code paper in Journal of Plasma Physics. Colleagues from Berkeley and Harvard have supplied space-plasma data to analyse with the ALPS code, and related papers are currently under preparation. The colleagues from Cologne have motivated future studies of relativistic electron physics in Jupiter's magnetosphere based on Juno spacecraft data.
Impact The ALPS code paper was published in 2018 (doi: 10.1017/S0022377818000739).
Start Year 2015
 
Description ISSI Team: Exploring The Solar Wind In Regions Closer Than Ever Observed Before 
Organisation International Space Science Institute (ISSI)
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As a member of this ISSI team, Daniel Verscharen participated in the first team meeting in January 2020. The participants of this meeting discussed the connectivity between Parker Solar Probe, Solar Orbiter, and other space-based and ground-based solar-physics assets. Daniel Verscharen started the writing of a research paper on the large azimuthal flow of the solar wind observed by Parker Solar Probe.
Collaborator Contribution The partners in this collaboration explored a series of six top-level research papers that the team will work on until the next meeting in January 2021. The team consists of experts from the theoretical, numerical, and observational side, so that the team successfully brought together all of this expertise.
Impact The first output is to be expected in the middle of 2020.
Start Year 2020
 
Description Peking University (PKU) 
Organisation Peking University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Daniel Verscharen has contributed to the writing of multiple papers with the colleagues from PKU. In addition, he supervised a visiting student (Honghong Wu) from Peking who visited UCL for one year from 2017 until 2018. He helped Honghong in acquiring funding from the prestigious Chinese government scholarship programme for this visit. He also advised the PKU group in the use of the NHDS code for scientific calculations of plasma waves and their polarisation properties. The collaboration is currently working on fostering this partnership by securing funding for mutual visits and further publications in the future.
Collaborator Contribution Honghong Wu has worked actively with Daniel Verscharen and the MSSL space-plasma group during her visit to UCL. This has resulted in two papers in international journals. Jiansen He and Die Duan from PKU have brought additional expertise in the collaboration from their background of observing waves and turbulence in the solar wind and in the magnetosheath.
Impact This collaboration has resulted in five publications so far (doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/aaef77, 10.3847/1538-4357/aad9aa, 10.3847/1538-4357/ab1be7, 10.3847/1538-4357/ab2a79), multiple conference presentations, and the preparation of a future publication (currently under review).
Start Year 2017
 
Title HolmMHD 
Description The HolmMHD code is a numerical code to solve the isotropic and adiabatic magnetohydrodynamics equations in a periodic box. It uses an efficient MPI parallelisation scheme, so that the code runs successfully on HPC facilities. HolmMHD has been tested in turbulence simulations and standard MHD benchmarking simulations. 
Type Of Technology Software 
Year Produced 2019 
Open Source License? Yes  
Impact The fully open-access nature if the code makes it possible for researchers to use the code without any financial commitment. This is especially useful for early-career researchers and researchers from developing countries. 
URL https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/2515-5172/ab30c8
 
Description BBC News interview 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview on BBC News Channel on Indian Chandrayaan 2 mission (mentioned ExoMars), 7 September 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description BBC Radio 4 In Our Time, Solar Wind 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact In Our Time (BBC R4) on the Solar Wind, 23 January 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m000dg9n
 
Description Catalyst STEM article, ExoMars 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Article for Catalyst magazine on PanCam - the science 'eyes' of the Rosalind Franklin rover, 6 August 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Educational Seminar to Swindon U3A Astronomy Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Around 30 members of the U3A Astronomy group in Swindon attended a seminar about the Solar Orbiter mission and the science of the solar wind and space weather. After the discussion their was a wider discussion of space science and industry in the UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.swindonu3a.org.uk
 
Description Interview about first results from Parker Solar Probe - Cosmos Magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Daniel Verscharen participated in a telephone interview with a journalist from the Cosmos Magazine. This discussion has led to the article "First results from close to the Sun", which targets a general audience with its description of the first results from the Parker Solar Probe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://cosmosmagazine.com/space/first-results-from-close-to-the-sun
 
Description Interview for Chinese TV 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview for Razor programme, China Global TV Network (CGTN), on Rosalind Franklin rover and PanCam, 17 February 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Interview for Science magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Quoted in Science magazine Bold plan to retrieve Mars samples takes shape, 22 Nov 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://science.sciencemag.org/content/366/6468/932
 
Description Interview for the Guardian 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Info for Guardian on Arrokoth 'Not just a space potato': Nasa unveils 'astonishing' details of most distant object ever visited, 13 February 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.theguardian.com/science/2020/feb/13/not-just-a-space-potato-nasa-unveils-astonishing-det...
 
Description Interview for the Telegraph about Solar Orbiter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview with Telegraph about Solar Orbiter
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2020/02/09/comes-sun-british-built-probe-heads-centre-solar-syst...
 
Description Interview on Solar Orbiter for Force Thirteen YouTube Channel 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Daniel Verscharen gave an interview on the Solar Orbiter mission for the YouTube channel "Force Thirteen". This interview was recorded during ESA's Social Space event at ESOC in Darmstadt.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://youtu.be/8miuoDE-tIc
 
Description Interview on Solar Orbiter for KCW London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Daniel Verscharen was interviewed for an article in the KCW London magazine about the launch of Solar Orbiter. Some of his comments were published in the article "The Sun". This article is aimed at the general public with the goal of raising awareness for the activities related to the launch of Solar Orbiter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.kcwtoday.co.uk/2020/02/the-sun/
 
Description Interview on Solar Orbiter for National Geographic España 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Daniel Verscharen was interviewed for an article in the National Geographic España magazine about the launch of Solar Orbiter. Some of his comments were published in the article "Misión Solar Orbiter: entender el sol para proteger la Tierra". This article is aimed at the general public with the goal of raising awareness for the activities related to the launch of Solar Orbiter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://www.nationalgeographic.com.es/ciencia/mision-solar-orbiter-entender-sol-para-proteger-tierra_...
 
Description Interview on Solar Orbiter with The Register 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Daniel Verscharen was interviewed for an article in The Register about the launch of Solar Orbiter. Some of his comments were published in the article "Forget the Oscars, the Solar Orbiter is off to take a close look at our nearest (and super-hot) star". This article is aimed at the general public with the goal of raising awareness for the activities related to the launch of Solar Orbiter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.theregister.co.uk/2020/02/10/solar_orbiter/
 
Description Interview on Solar Orbiter with el Periódico 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Daniel Verscharen was interviewed for an article on the Spanish newspaper el Periódico about the launch of Solar Orbiter. Some of his answers were published in the article "Una sonda se prepara para observar los polos del Sol". This article is aimed at the general public with the goal of raising awareness for the activities related to the launch of Solar Orbiter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.elperiodico.com/es/ciencia/20200208/una-sonda-se-prepara-para-observar-los-polos-del-sol...
 
Description Interview on Solar Orbiter with wired.com 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Daniel Verscharen was interviewed for an article on wired.com about the launch of Solar Orbiter. Some of his answers were published in the article "Europe's Solar Orbiter Begins Its Journey to the Sun". This article is aimed at the general public with the goal of raising awareness for the activities related to the launch of Solar Orbiter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.wired.com/story/europes-solar-orbiter-begins-its-journey-to-the-sun/
 
Description Introduction to MSSL - London International Youth Science Forum (LIYSF) visit, 30 July 2019. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Introduction to MSSL - London International Youth Science Forum (LIYSF) visit, 30 July 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Its All Academic festival (talk, exhibit) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk at UCL 'It's All Academic'/'Made at UCL' Festival on 5 October 2019, on Looking for Life on Mars with the Rosalind Franklin (ExoMars) rover. MSSL exhibition stand also included 1:1 model rover (Airbus), PanCam 1:1 models, ESA ExoMars stickers/posters and MSSL produced postcard on PanCam.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Live radio interview about Solar Orbiter - SWR Aktuell Radio 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact In a live radio interview on the German radio station SWR Aktuell, Daniel Verscharen discussed the Solar Orbiter mission, the instrumentation, and technological and operational challenges for the mission.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.swr.de/swraktuell/radio/im-gespraech/Solar-Orbiter-gestartet-der-Sonne-ganz-nah,solar-or...
 
Description Mars interview, Ingenia magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Quoted in article 'Finding life on Mars' in Ingenia (Royal Society of Engineering) magazine, 81, 26-31, December 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.ingenia.org.uk/Ingenia/Articles/4f136c08-7935-4d10-97cd-f92a241a74f2
 
Description Mars interview, Sky at Night magazine 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview: How the ExoMars 2020 rover will search for signs of life on the Red Planet, Sky at Night magazine, 5 Dec 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.skyatnightmagazine.com/space-missions/exo-mars-2020-rover-search-for-signs-life-red-plan...
 
Description Newsweek quote 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Info for Newsweek on black hole 40 billion times solar mass, 6 August 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.newsweek.com/biggest-black-hole-40-billion-times-mass-sun-1452801
 
Description Newsweek quote 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Quoted in Newsweek on water detection on exoplanet, K2-18b: Super-Earth in 'Habitable Zone' Has Water Vapor in Its Atmosphere, Scientists Say, 9 September 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Open evening (ExoMars PanCam) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Rosalind Franklin PanCam stall at MSSL Open Evening, 17 February 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Open evening talk on Mars 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Open evening talk: Looking for life on Mars with the Rosalind Franklin rover', MSSL, 21 Nov 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Participation in space-mission special, BBC Four: The Sky at Night 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact BBC Four's Sky at Night programme interviewed Daniel Verscharen and Robert Wicks for a special on space missions. We discussed the role of the Debye mission in ESA's general mission plan. The programme also followed us during the decision-making process and the selection of ESA's F-class mission.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Podcast interview on Solar Orbiter - Auf Distanz 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact In a podcast interview for the German podcast "Auf Distanz", the Solar Orbiter mission was discussed. This comprehensive interview has received a large positive reaction on social-media channels with requests for additional information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL http://aufdistanz.de/auf-distanz-0052-solar-orbiter/
 
Description Press release: UCL study of electrons in Solar Wind appears in the Astrophysical Journal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact UCL issued a press release about the publication of the article "Self-induced scattering of the electron strahl in the solar wind". This press release was well received by other online media and let to further online dissemination. Furthermore, the press release drew the attention of a wider network of colleagues to this work.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.ucl.ac.uk/mathematical-physical-sciences/news/2019/dec/ucl-study-electrons-solar-wind-ap...
 
Description Radio Leeds interview (Pluto) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interview on BBC Radio Leeds on 90th anniversary of Pluto's discovery, 18 February 2020
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Reflections on MSSL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Talk 'Reflections on MSSL' at Science Museum workshop 'Culture-space: towards a better understanding of space exploration, MSSL, 21 Nov 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.sciencemuseumgroup.org.uk/project/culture-space-towards-a-better-understanding-of-space-...
 
Description School visit (Hurstpierpoint) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Talks at St Lawrence School (3 - Foundation, Year 1, Year 2), Hurstpierpoint, on Exploring the solar system, 24 January 2020.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Science magazine, ExoMars 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Quoted in Science magazine European Mars rover in a 'race against time' to fix parachutes, 29 Nov 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://science.sciencemag.org/content/366/6469/1061
 
Description Solar Orbiter Science Briefing at ESA social-media event 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact At ESA's Social Space event related to the launch of Solar Orbiter, a group of 40 social-media influencers and enthusiasts was selected and invited. Daniel Verscharen gave a general science briefing on Solar Orbiter and discussed questions with the social-media enthusiasts. This activity has received a large coverage on social media and led to many follow-up discussions with followers on social-media channels.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Space UK quotes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interview for Space UK magazine on Rosalind Franklin PanCam appeared Issue 51 UK Space Conference special edition, p15, Sep 2019
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description TV Interview about Solar Orbiter - ZDF heute in deutschland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact In a TV interview for the German nationwide news programme ZDF heute in deutschland, Daniel Verscharen discussed the Solar Orbiter mission on the day of its launch.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.zdf.de/nachrichten/heute-in-deutschland/heute---in-deutschland-clip-5-1626.html
 
Description TV interview about Solar Orbiter mission - RTL Hessen 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact In a TV interview for the German local TV station RTL Hessen, Daniel Verscharen discussed the Solar Orbiter mission on the day of its launch.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.rtl-hessen.de/beitrag/darmstadt-esa-raumsonde-solar-orbiter-gestartet-sonne-reise
 
Description TV interview on Solar Orbiter: ZDF heute journal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact In a TV interview for the German nationwide news ZDF heute journal, Daniel Verscharen discussed the Solar Orbiter mission on the day of its launch. This programme was watched by over four million viewers and gave an opportunity to widely advertise the activities related to our research with Solar Orbiter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.zdf.de/nachrichten/heute-journal/bilderbuchstart-fuer-sonnensonde-100.html
 
Description Talk for Cranleigh History Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Talk 'Looking for Life on Mars with the Rosalind Franklin (ExoMars) rover' at Cranleigh History Society, 14 November 2019.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Twitter feed 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Daniel Verscharen has largely expanded his Twitter account @DVerscharen as a key channel for the dissemination of latest results in the field of solar-wind research. He informs the public about the latest developments, the direct outcome of his own research, and relevant impact-related activities. After a social-media event at ESA, where he presented his work in preparation for the Solar Orbiter mission, this account increased its number of followers to over 450.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019,2020
 
Description Why is the sun's atmosphere so hot? Article for The Conversation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Daniel Verscharen wrote an article for The Conversation on the first results from the Parker Solar Probe. The title of this article is "Why is the sun's atmosphere so hot? Spacecraft starts to unravel our star's mysteries". It is open-access and publicly available. This article was also picked up by other news channels and was disseminated broadly.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://theconversation.com/why-is-the-suns-atmosphere-so-hot-spacecraft-starts-to-unravel-our-stars...