Exploring new states of matter (New Applicant scheme)

Lead Research Organisation: University of York
Department Name: Physics

Abstract

The coming decade could deliver a revolution in our understanding of the fundamental nature of strongly interacting matter. Our current understanding of the strong interaction permits a large variety of bound states of quarks. Quark-anti-quark systems (mesons) and baryons (3 quarks) are the simplest options. Tetraquarks, pentaquarks, hexaquarks, hadronic molecules - are the new objects only recently starting to reveal themselves. In recent years, I led research establishing a new type of matter - the d*(2380) hexaquark. I intend to maintain this internationally leading role in the rapidly evolving, and increasingly competitive, field of hexaquark matter, which I view as one of the major recent discoveries in nuclear physics. The d* can be produced copiously in electromagnetic beam experiments, offering unique possibilities for direct measurement of the shape of a multi-quark state. Further, we have shown the d* has the potential to play a pivotal role in determining neutron star mass limits, EoS properties at high density and when in a condensate is a potential new dark-matter candidate. Recently it was indicated a d* pole in the pn interaction could play a role in nuclear structure viz. nuclear short range correlations. In this period I have a leading role in the preparations and first analysis of electron- deuteron scattering from CLAS12@JLAB, offering the first possibilities to establish the d* decuplet (discover 9 more hexaquarks) and obtain first constraints on the size of the d*. I will be leading analyses of MAMI data (recent 2 month beamtime) which has the potential to give first information on the nature of the interaction of d*. The period is also crucial for the newly-proposed neutral kaon beam facility (KLF), for which I am a co-spokesperson, using the next-generation compact photon sources at JLab (US). This is currently an international collaboration of 100+ scientists from 60+ institutions, commencing operations in 2025 and will be a major new facility for the international community leading up to the realisation of the Electron Ion Collider (EIC) in 2030.

Publications

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Acker A (2020) The CLAS12 Forward Tagger in Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

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Bashkanov M (2020) A new possibility for light-quark dark matter in Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics

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Bashkanov M (2020) A new possibility for light-quark dark matter in Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics

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Bashkanov M (2020) Signatures of the d * ( 2380 ) Hexaquark in d ( ? , p n ? ) in Physical Review Letters

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Bashkanov M (2020) Signatures of the d^{*}(2380) Hexaquark in d(?,pn[over ?]). in Physical review letters

 
Description A2 collaboration (Crystal Ball, Mainz[Germany]) 
Organisation Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 1) Analysis of the data 2) Detector maintenance and running (shift) 3) Construction of new detector components (Start construction of new polarymeter and particle identification detector as proposed in grant application)
Collaborator Contribution Detector maintenance, calibration, accelerator maintenance, target maintenance
Impact 1) New insight into nuclear and particle physics. 2) High quality polarisation measurements 3) Baryon spectroscopy
 
Description A2 collaboration (Crystal Ball, Mainz[Germany]) 
Organisation National Institute for Nuclear Physics
Department National Institute for Nuclear Physics - Pavia
Country Italy 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 1) Analysis of the data 2) Detector maintenance and running (shift) 3) Construction of new detector components (Start construction of new polarymeter and particle identification detector as proposed in grant application)
Collaborator Contribution Detector maintenance, calibration, accelerator maintenance, target maintenance
Impact 1) New insight into nuclear and particle physics. 2) High quality polarisation measurements 3) Baryon spectroscopy
 
Description A2 collaboration (Crystal Ball, Mainz[Germany]) 
Organisation Ruhr University Bochum
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 1) Analysis of the data 2) Detector maintenance and running (shift) 3) Construction of new detector components (Start construction of new polarymeter and particle identification detector as proposed in grant application)
Collaborator Contribution Detector maintenance, calibration, accelerator maintenance, target maintenance
Impact 1) New insight into nuclear and particle physics. 2) High quality polarisation measurements 3) Baryon spectroscopy
 
Description A2 collaboration (Crystal Ball, Mainz[Germany]) 
Organisation University of Basel
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 1) Analysis of the data 2) Detector maintenance and running (shift) 3) Construction of new detector components (Start construction of new polarymeter and particle identification detector as proposed in grant application)
Collaborator Contribution Detector maintenance, calibration, accelerator maintenance, target maintenance
Impact 1) New insight into nuclear and particle physics. 2) High quality polarisation measurements 3) Baryon spectroscopy
 
Description A2 collaboration (Crystal Ball, Mainz[Germany]) 
Organisation University of Bonn
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 1) Analysis of the data 2) Detector maintenance and running (shift) 3) Construction of new detector components (Start construction of new polarymeter and particle identification detector as proposed in grant application)
Collaborator Contribution Detector maintenance, calibration, accelerator maintenance, target maintenance
Impact 1) New insight into nuclear and particle physics. 2) High quality polarisation measurements 3) Baryon spectroscopy
 
Description A2 collaboration (Crystal Ball, Mainz[Germany]) 
Organisation University of Glasgow
Department Physics and Astronomy Department
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution 1) Analysis of the data 2) Detector maintenance and running (shift) 3) Construction of new detector components (Start construction of new polarymeter and particle identification detector as proposed in grant application)
Collaborator Contribution Detector maintenance, calibration, accelerator maintenance, target maintenance
Impact 1) New insight into nuclear and particle physics. 2) High quality polarisation measurements 3) Baryon spectroscopy
 
Description Hall-B (Clas, Clas-12, [JLab, USA]) 
Organisation JLab
Sector Private 
PI Contribution 1) Data analysis 2) Simulations 3) Construction of new detector components
Collaborator Contribution 1) Data analysis 2) Simulations 3) Construction of new detector components
Impact 1) New spectroscopy data 2) Baryon and meson spectroscopy 3) high-energy photon beams
 
Description "Building blocks" podcast on Medical Physics 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Building blocks" podcast on Medical physics (~300 participants)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description 18th STFC UK Postgraduate Nuclear Physics Summer School 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact STFC UK Nuclear physics summer school for the 1-2year PhD students in Lancaster. 3 Lectures on hadron physics with emphasis on my research techniques and recent progress in multi-quark systems.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://personal.ph.surrey.ac.uk/~cb0023/npschool/npschool/Lecturers.html
 
Description Atomic Nuclei: how many, how big, how old? - IOP Lecture - Feb 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Free evening talk and Binding Blocks exhibition late opening. The answers to this are held in the tiny core of the atom, the nucleus. Join Dr Arnau Huguet from the University of Surrey and the York Binding Blocks team to go on a guided tour of the elements, explore their nuclei and how they behave. The answers to this are held in the tiny core of the atom, the nucleus. Discover how understanding atomic nuclei helps us understand some of the biggest questions in physics.

[ IOP Lecture: Atomic Nuclei: How big, how many, how old? Institute of Physics, London UK 13/02/2020 Exhibition Public Mainly adults 15 A lecture with the exhibtion open before and after. ]
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/atomic-nuclei-how-many-how-big-how-old-tickets-90323370633#
 
Description Daily Express article about our Dark Matter research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Daily Express article about our Dark Matter research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.express.co.uk/news/science/1250619/dark-matter-news-science-big-bang-mystery-d-star-hexa...
 
Description Daily Mail article about our Dark matter research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Daily Mail article about our Dark matter research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-8073771/Known-particle-hold-key-understanding-dark-m...
 
Description Festival of ideas, astronomy podcast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact ~300 pupils/students podcast on Dark matter
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://yorkfestivalofideas.com/2020-online/calendar/syzygy-live/
 
Description Fox news article "Did German physicists accidentally discover dark matter in 2014?" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact article about our publication "new dark matter candidate"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.foxnews.com/science/did-german-physicists-accidentally-discover-dark-matter-in-2014
 
Description IOP public engagement event, physics master class 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Nuclear physics public engagement activity
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://events.iop.org/level-nuclear-physics-masterclass
 
Description Interview to IIA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Interview about dark matter
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.media.inaf.it/2020/03/06/d-star-hexaquark/
 
Description Interview to Newsweek 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview about a potential dark matter discovery
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.newsweek.com/dark-matter-candidate-mystery-universe-1490678
 
Description Interview to Space.com 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview about dark matter paper
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.space.com/hexaquarks-big-bang-form-universe-dark-matter.html
 
Description Multiple publications about our Dark Matter research all over the globe 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Over 50 publications in various media all over the globe from UK up to US, Japan, Iran, Thailand, Russia, Germany..... A large but incomplete list of all media publication about this topic can be found on https://iop.altmetric.com/details/74422526/news journal web site. The most downloaded paper in the history of J. Phys G - leading UK Nuclear Physics Journal. Over 30k downloads.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://iop.altmetric.com/details/74422526/news
 
Description Newspaper article "La materia oscura ya está más clara" 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Dark matter candidate paper public overview
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.diariocordoba.com/noticias/tendencias21/materia-oscura-ya-mas-clara_1388711.html
 
Description Nuclear Physics Masterclass - IOP London - Feb 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact This curriculum-linked workshop is centred around a 7m-long nuclear chart built from over 25,000 Lego bricks. Students will gain an introduction to nuclear physics before using the chart to follow nuclear decay chains, explore the concept and applications of binding energy, and research the uses of different isotopes. The workshop will then look at the application of nuclear physics to stars. Students will discover the nuclear reactions happening during stellar explosions in an activity demonstrating half-lives and the random nature of radioactive decay.

The Masterclass is open to all students studying A level Physics (or equivalent). Students must attend with a teacher

Year 12 Nuclear Masterclass - Introduction to nuclear chart, energy and decay questions, hot CNO cycle, scattering.
[IOP Nuclear Masterclass Institute of Physics, London UK 13/02/2020 Masterclass Schools Year 12 50]
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://events.iop.org/level-nuclear-physics-masterclass
 
Description Nuclear Physics Masterclass - York - Summer 2020 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Nuclear Physics Masterclass: Online

Join the Department of Physics at the University of York and leading experts from around the world for a Nuclear Physics Masterclass. Find out more about cutting-edge research in Nuclear Physics and applications of nuclear technologies.

This four-week programme is suitable for students studying Physics in years 12 and 13 (S5 and S6 in Scotland) and allows for flexible learning in or out of the classroom.

Details
Masterclasses are open to all students studying Physics in years 12 and 13 / S5 and S6, (ages 16-18).
Four week programme with 3-5 hours content per week.
Live webinars with leading experts weekly. Recording available after the event.
Ask questions of experts live during the weekly webinar and throughout the week through a forum.
Complete all activities and receive a certificate of participation.
Work at your own pace
Register as an individual, or teachers can make class bookings

Week 1: Energy and Decay
Discover the nuclear chart of the isotopes with a 3D fly-through and find out more about the building blocks of our Universe.
Follow nuclear decay chains, explore the concept and applications of binding energy, and investigate half-lives.
Optional activity to explore the 3D nuclear isotopes chart in Minecraft.

Week 2: Nuclear Astrophysics
Explore the Hot CNO Cycle: Discover the nuclear reactions happening in stars during stellar explosions, in particular on the surface of neutron stars, in an activity demonstrating half-lives and the random nature of radioactive decay.
Investigate a computer simulation of the liquid drop model of nuclei and apply this to the formation of neutron stars. Learn about the influence of the fundamental forces at the nuclear scale.

Week 3: Fusion Technology
Find out about methods of creating nuclear fusion as a power source - from lasers to tokamaks. Investigate how the most extreme conditions in the Solar System are created in a laboratory setting, and how materials are designed to withstand such temperatures and pressures.
Explore research labs through virtual tours.

Week 4: Medical Physics
Hear from a medical physicist about how nuclear physics shaped her career.
Find out how PET scanners work and discover how cutting-edge research into quantum entanglement is making these more effective.
Use computer modeling to investigate proton-therapy and see if you can optimise cancer treatments.

[Online Nuclear Masterclass N/A UK 22/06/2020 - 31/07/2020 Masterclass Schools KS4/5 840]
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.york.ac.uk/physics/public-and-schools/nuclear-masterclass-homepage-summer2020/
 
Description Nuclear physics podcast on Dark matter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Nuclear Physics, "Building blocks" podcast on Dark Matter (~500 participants
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
 
Description Organisation of Exotic Hadron Spectroscopy workshop 2019, York. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Fruitful discussions, a lot of new ideas and links
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://www.iopconferences.org/iop/frontend/reg/thome.csp?pageID=884741&eventID=1401&language=1&CSPC...
 
Description Organisation of the "Exotic hadron spectroscopy" workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Co-Organiser of the "Exotic Hadron Spectroscopy" workshop. The aim of the workshop was to bring together the nuclear and particle physics communities to discuss experimental searches for exotic hadronic resonances (tetra, penta, hexaquarks etc); the latest data analysis methods used; the theoretical interpretation of these states and the potential for future searches at current experimental facilities (CERN, JLab, Mainz).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://higgs.ph.ed.ac.uk/workshops/exotic-hadron-spectroscopy
 
Description Organisation of the "Exotic hadron spectroscopy workshop 2017" 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Co-Organiser of the "Exotic Hadron Spectroscopy" workshop. The aim of the workshop was to bring together the nuclear and particle physics communities to discuss experimental searches for exotic hadronic resonances (tetra, penta, hexaquarks etc); the latest data analysis methods used; the theoretical interpretation of these states and the potential for future searches at current experimental facilities (CERN, JLab, Mainz). It was very successful in 2016. It was decided to make it annual. EHS Workshop-2017 was organised in Dec. 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://higgs.ph.ed.ac.uk/workshops/exotic-hadron-spectroscopy-2017
 
Description South African nuclear physics summer school 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact South African, nuclear physics summer school. Set of nuclear and medical physics lectures and master classes.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://www.unizulu.ac.za/unizulu-hosts-9th-tastes-of-nuclear-physics-conference/
 
Description The Independent newspaper article about our Dark matter research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact article about our dark matter research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2020
URL https://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/dark-matter-source-new-particle-hexaquark-university-york...
 
Description University of Manchester Seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I was invited to make a general seminar at the University of Manchester to introduce our discoveries
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018