NCEO Atmospheric Composition

Lead Research Organisation: National Centre for Earth Observation

Abstract

The NCEO Atmospheric Carbon Programme aims to develop an integrated approach to the analysis of satellite measurements in order to provide new information on atmospheric composition and aerosols for air-pollution forecasting and testing climate models. There are large gaps in our understanding of the interactions between climate change and the trace gases and aerosols which are components of the atmosphere. These include the extent to which changes in climate will affect air pollution near the ground. Filling these gaps has been identified as a high priority for research by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). The challenge is to use new EO data to investigate processes which determine the atmospheric distributions of trace gases and aerosols in the troposphere and lower stratosphere, their links to climate, pollution and air quality. The goal of this part of the work is to provide new information on atmospheric composition for air-pollution forecasting and testing climate models through an integrated approach to the analysis of satellite measurements. Our priorities include: a) to use satellite observations in a new, integrated approach to provide data on trace gases and aerosols in the troposphere and lower stratosphere; b) to improve quantitative understanding of their distributions and emissions and the representation of relevant processes in global chemistry-transport models by exploiting the new data; c) to contribute to national and European initiatives to establish new operational applications for satellite data to monitor pollution and forecast air quality.

Publications

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Kempeneers P (2010) Model inversion for chlorophyll estimation in open canopies from hyperspectral imagery in International Journal of Remote Sensing

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Pimentel S (2008) Modeling the diurnal variability of sea surface temperatures in Journal of Geophysical Research

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Hosking J (2010) Modelling deep convection and its impacts on the tropical tropopause layer in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics

 
Description Richards et al. (ACP, 2013) present an analysis of the Mediterranean summer tropospheric ozone maximum as simulated by models and as observed by the GOME-2 satellite instrument. GOME-2 data was produced with the RAL scheme whose development within NCEO is led by R. Siddans. The paper demonstrates the quality of the GOME-2 retrieval compared to TES.



Palmer, Fraser, et al, University of Edinburgh, 2014:

(1) We have shown the relative scientific worth of new satellite observations of methane from GOSAT.

(2) In a wider collaboration we looked at the ability of MIPAS to observe the transport of biomass burning outflow in the upper troposphere.

(3) In work conducted in 2013 but published in 2014 we show the current (im)maturity of GOSAT CO2 to infer surface fluxes

(4) We are beginning to show how we can integrate satellite data with aircraft and surface data to understand tropospheric photochemistry (NERC BORTAS + NCEO scientists)



Chipperfield, Richards, Wilson, et al, University of Leeds, 2014:

As part of a study (led by Anja Schmidt, UoL) on volcanic sulfur dioxide (SO2) and sulfate aerosol concentrations at flight altitudes over the North Atlantic flight corridor, we have use OMI SO2 satellite observations to test the UK Met Office's NAME dispersion model's ability to simulate the eruption of the Eyjafjallajokull volcano in 2010. We find that the NAME model does a good job at reproducing the spatial distribution of SO2 from the volcano, but generally underestimates the peak SO2 concentrations observed by OMI. This work is currently being written up for publication.



Remedios, Moore, and Graves, University of Leicester, 2014:

(1) Comparison of CityScan data with other DOAS instrument

(2) Reprocessing of multi-year MIPAS science data shows strong seasonal cycles in key volatile organic compounds including PAN, C2H2, C2H6 and HCOOH

(3) Confirmation of secondary production of HCOOH within boreal biomass burning plumes observed with IASI
Exploitation Route Palmer, Fraser et al, Edinburgh, 2014:

(1) Encourage use of data for use in policy development.

(2) Using satellite data to quantify the role of long-range transport of surface air pollutants

(4) Provides input to national governments who want to develop effective measurement networks.



Chipperfield, Richards, Wilson, et al, Leeds, 2014:

Validation of the NAME model's ability to simulate SO2 from volcanic eruptions may lead to it being used to provide information to the VAAC (Volcanic Ash Advisory Centres) for determining airspace closures for commercial aircraft during future eruptions
Sectors Environment

 
Description Integrating novel smoke and smoke plume datasets into the TM5 CTM Development and integration of new stereo smoke plume injection height products from the AATSR instrument into the TM5 chemical transport model in an attempt to improve its predictive power
Sector Environment
Impact Types Societal

 
Description Chair of the Defra UK GMES/Copernicus Atmosphere Networking group
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description Chair of the UK Space Agency Earth Observation Advisory Committee
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description GMES Atmosphere Networking Group
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guidance committee
 
Description Member of the European Space Agency's Sentinel 4/5 Mission Advisory Group
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guidance committee
 
Description Member of the European Space Agency's Sentinel 5P Satellite Level 2 working group
Geographic Reach Asia 
Policy Influence Type Membership of a guidance committee
 
Description Member of the Innovation and Growth Strategy Steering Board for the Space Industry
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in advisory committee
 
Description WMO/UNEP Ozone Assessment
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description Ash Detection
Amount £53,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start  
 
Description Ash Detection
Amount £53,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 01/2013 
End 12/2014
 
Description CCI aerosol phase2
Amount £98,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start  
 
Description CCI aerosol phase2
Amount £98,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2014 
End 03/2016
 
Description CCI cloud phase2
Amount £211,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2014 
End 03/2016
 
Description CCI cloud phase2
Amount £211,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2014 
End 03/2016
 
Description CCI ozone phase 2
Amount £137,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start  
 
Description CCI ozone phase 2
Amount £137,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2014 
End 03/2016
 
Description ECV Cloud
Amount £184,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start  
 
Description ECV Cloud
Amount £184,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2010 
End 03/2014
 
Description ESA CORSA Extension
Amount £44,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 01/2012 
End 12/2012
 
Description ESA CORSA Extension
Amount £44,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 01/2012 
End 12/2012
 
Description ESA Climate Change ECV Ozone
Amount £125,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2010 
End 03/2014
 
Description ESA Climate Change ECV Ozone
Amount £125,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2010 
End 03/2014
 
Description ESA ECV Aerosol
Amount £117,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2010 
End 03/2014
 
Description ESA ECV Aerosol
Amount £117,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2010 
End 03/2014
 
Description ESA SACS-2 Volcanic ash plume monitoring and prediction
Amount £40,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2012 
End 03/2014
 
Description ESA SACS-2 Volcanic ash plume monitoring and prediction
Amount £40,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2012 
End 03/2014
 
Description ESA Sentinel 5P L2 development contract
Amount £117,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2012 
End 03/2015
 
Description ESA Sentinel 5P L2 development contract
Amount £117,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start  
 
Description ESA: Science Support to Instrument Development for Sentinel-4
Amount £20,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2012 
End 03/2013
 
Description ESA: Science Support to Instrument Development for Sentinel-4
Amount £20,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2012 
End 03/2013
 
Description EU FP7 GMES - Partnership for User Requirement Evaluation (PURE)
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 04/2012 
End 03/2014
 
Description EU FP7 GMES - Partnership for User Requirement Evaluation (PURE)
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start  
 
Description Eumetsat GOME-202-2 Slit Function analysis
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites 
Sector Public
Country Germany
Start 03/2012 
End 12/2012
 
Description Eumetsat GOME-202-2 Slit Function analysis
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites 
Sector Public
Country Germany
Start 01/2012 
End 12/2012
 
Description GAUGE
Amount £1,700,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/K002449/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2016
 
Description GAUGE
Amount £58,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NERC 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2016
 
Description GEOCARB - RAL
Amount £77,000 (GBP)
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) 
Sector Public
Country United States
Start  
 
Description GEOCARB - RAL
Amount £77,000 (GBP)
Organisation National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) 
Sector Public
Country United States
Start  
 
Description GEOCARB 13
Amount £48,000 (GBP)
Organisation Lockheed Martin 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start  
 
Description GEOCARB 13
Amount £48,000 (GBP)
Organisation Lockheed Martin 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start 04/2013 
End 09/2014
 
Description GEOCARB-RAL
Amount £20,000 (GBP)
Organisation Lockheed Martin 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start 09/2012 
End 11/2012
 
Description GEOCARB-RAL
Amount £20,000 (GBP)
Organisation Lockheed Martin 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start 01/2012 
End 12/2012
 
Description GMES PURE
Amount £166,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2015
 
Description GMES PURE
Amount £166,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start  
 
Description Greenhouse gAs Uk and Global Emissions (GAUGE)
Amount £1,700,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/K002449/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2016
 
Description IASI CH4 Retrievals OEM
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites 
Sector Public
Country Germany
Start 02/2014 
End 11/2014
 
Description IASI CH4 Retrievals OEM
Amount £100,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites 
Sector Public
Country Germany
Start  
 
Description LOCUS IOD
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 01/2013 
End 12/2014
 
Description LOCUS IOD
Amount £50,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start  
 
Description MIPAS Quality Working Group extension funding
Amount £23,000 (GBP)
Funding ID IFAC-GA-2011-01-PR 
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 01/2012 
End 12/2012
 
Description MIPAS Quality Working Group extension funding
Amount £23,000 (GBP)
Funding ID IFAC-GA-2011-01-PR 
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 01/2012 
End 12/2012
 
Description MetOp NRT ozone and CH4 processing hardware for CEMS
Amount £22,178 (GBP)
Funding ID NE/L013118/1 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2014
 
Description Metop aerosol validation
Amount £40,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites 
Sector Public
Country Germany
Start  
 
Description Metop aerosol validation
Amount £40,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites 
Sector Public
Country Germany
Start 02/2014 
End 12/2014
 
Description NERC Big Data CEMS MetOp NRT
Amount £162,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NERC 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2014
 
Description NERC LOCUS PoC
Amount £150,000 (GBP)
Organisation Research Councils UK (RCUK) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description NERC LOCUS PoC
Amount £150,000 (GBP)
Organisation Research Councils UK (RCUK) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2014 
End 02/2015
 
Description NERC LOTUS simulations
Amount £19,000 (GBP)
Funding ID NERC 
Organisation Natural Environment Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2014
 
Description NERC Refund Budget
Amount £80,000 (GBP)
Organisation Research Councils UK (RCUK) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start  
 
Description NERC Refund Budget
Amount £80,000 (GBP)
Organisation Research Councils UK (RCUK) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2014
 
Description OEM retrievals IASI, AMSU and MHS
Amount £99,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites 
Sector Public
Country Germany
Start 01/2014 
End 12/2014
 
Description OEM retrievals IASI, AMSU and MHS
Amount £99,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites 
Sector Public
Country Germany
Start 01/2014 
End 12/2014
 
Description OZONE SAF VISITING SCIENTIST
Amount £35,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites 
Sector Public
Country Germany
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2014
 
Description OZONE SAF VISITING SCIENTIST
Amount £35,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites 
Sector Public
Country Germany
Start  
 
Description PREMIER Consolidation of requirements and Synergistic Retrieval Algorithms
Amount £212,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2010 
End 03/2013
 
Description PREMIER Consolidation of requirements and Synergistic Retrieval Algorithms
Amount £212,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2010 
End 03/2013
 
Description S4 UVN follow on study (inc 1468)
Amount £43,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2011 
End 03/2014
 
Description S4 UVN follow on study (inc 1468)
Amount £43,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start  
 
Description S5P L2 processor development
Amount £117,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2012 
End 03/2015
 
Description S5P L2 processor development
Amount £117,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start  
 
Description Satellite AOD Val with Model
Amount £85,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites 
Sector Public
Country Germany
Start  
 
Description Satellite AOD Val with Model
Amount £85,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites 
Sector Public
Country Germany
Start 12/2013 
End 12/2014
 
Description Sentinel 5 NIR channel requirements consolidation
Amount £76,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2014
 
Description Sentinel 5 NIR channel requirements consolidation
Amount £76,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start  
 
Description Sentinel 5 UV-VIS requirements
Amount £25,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 01/2014 
End 12/2014
 
Description Sentinel 5 UV-VIS requirements
Amount £25,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 01/2014 
End 12/2014
 
Description Sentinel 5 UV-VIS requirements
Amount £25,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2014
 
Description Sentinel 5 UV-VIS requirements
Amount £25,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2014
 
Description Sentinel Atmosphere Convoy
Amount £30,769 (GBP)
Funding ID AO/1-6759/11/NL/FC 
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 01/2012 
End 12/2012
 
Description Sentinel Atmosphere Convoy
Amount £30,769 (GBP)
Funding ID AO/1-6759/11/NL/FC 
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 01/2012 
End 12/2012
 
Description Volcanic Ash Plume Monitoring
Amount £40,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 04/2013 
End 03/2014
 
Description Volcanic Ash Plume Monitoring
Amount £40,000 (GBP)
Organisation European Space Agency 
Sector Public
Country France
Start 01/2013 
End 12/2014
 
Description BIRA: Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy 
Organisation Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy
Country Belgium 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution developers of the DOAS algorithm
Start Year 2013
 
Description ClearfLo 
Organisation London Air Quality Network (LAQN)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Clean Air for London
Start Year 2012
 
Description EADS Astrium Ltd 
Organisation EADS Astrium
Country France 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Atmospheric sentinal convoy project
Start Year 2013
 
Description ESA-ALANIS 
Organisation European Space Agency
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Colloboration of MSSL imaging group with an ESA consortium to integrate novel smoke plume products into the TM5 chemical transport model
Start Year 2010
 
Description GOME-2 Ozone Retreival 
Organisation Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute
Country Netherlands 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Development of GOME-2 Ozone Retrieval
Start Year 2012
 
Description KNMI 
Organisation Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute
Country Netherlands 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Atmospheric Sentinal Convoy Project
Start Year 2013
 
Description MIPAS quality working group 
Organisation European Space Agency
Country France 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution An ESA-funded collaborative project
Start Year 2013
 
Description PEGASOS in-situ monitoring data 
Organisation Pegaso Project
Country European Union (EU) 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution An EU project with multi-European partners
Start Year 2013
 
Description calibration project comparing IASI radiances to AATSR 
Organisation European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites
Country Germany 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution calibration project comparing IASI radiances to AATSR
Start Year 2012
 
Description Estimating regional CH4 and CO2 fluxes using GOSAT XCH4 and XCO2 observations 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Seminar

Increased the knowledge and understanding of NCEO's science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Estimating regional CH4 using GOSAT XCH4 observations 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Seminar

Increased the science community's knowledge and understanding of NCEO's science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description How do we know how much CO2 is from natural vs human-driven sources? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Seminar given by Prof Paul Palmer at University of Southampton June 2013

No description available.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description New insights into the carbon cycle 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Seminar by Paul Palmer for University of Sussex, January 2013: http://www.geos.ed.ac.uk/research/eochem/talks/Sussex2013-redact.pdf

No description available.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description New insights into the global carbon cycle from surface and space-borne data 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Seminar at University of Chicago

Increased the knowledge and understanding of NCEO's science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Tropospheric Chemistry from space: past, present and future science 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Royal Meteorological Society, Atmospheric Chemistry Special Interest Group ("Heavens above: A top down approach to measuring atmospheric composition."), Lancaster University, 22nd February, 2013

No description available.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013