A pre-characterisation facility for all excitations users developed through a study of quasiparticle breakdown in new relaxor ferroelectrics

Lead Research Organisation: University of Edinburgh
Department Name: Sch of Chemistry

Abstract

Ferroelectrics are a central component of ultrasound imaging important for medical and industrial applications. The standard material for these
devices is currently single crystals of lead-based relaxor ferroelectrics. These materials have led to a new series of applications owing to their
exceptional piezoelectric properties, large tolerance to strain and resistance to cracking in single crystalline form. However, the use of lead based
crystals is being phased out due to environmental concerns. New materials need to be discovered to replace these lead-based single crystals.

The scientific focus of the project will be to investigate the lattice dynamics in lead-free candidate materials using neutron spectroscopy,
and to relate these results to the materials piezoelectric properties. The facility development focus is twofold. First, imaging techniques will be
developed to allow sample crystallinity and chemical homogeneity to be investigated, with the goal of providing such a capability on the ALF test
station for use by all ISIS users. Second, the spectroscopy part of the project requires detailed analysis combining large datasets, integration
with first-principles modelling codes, and resolution convolution. This will be achieved using the PACE software that is being developed at ISIS
separately. The student's involvement will be at the scientific commissioning stage.

Publications

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Studentship Projects

Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Student Name
EP/N509644/1 01/10/2016 30/09/2021
2112508 Studentship EP/N509644/1 01/09/2018 31/08/2021 Harry Lane