Editorial Workshops for Editorial Team of Volumes 1-4 of Richard Hakluyt's The Principal Navigations (1598-1600)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Southampton
Department Name: Faculty of Humanities


This proposal is to facilitate the completion, and submission to Oxford University Press in December 2015, of the first 4 volumes of Richhard Hakluyt's The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation (1598-1600), through a series of 3 Editorial Workshops to be held over a 24 month period between July 2013 and June 2015 at the University of Southampton. Hakluyt's landmark work, The Principal Navigations, is the single most important collection of English travel ever published. This massive 3-volume folio, comprising approximately 1.75 million words, was instrumental in promoting English expansion through colonial and trade ventures around the globe and in defining an understanding of English identity. Yet, despite its significance, no critical edition of The Principal Navigations (1598-1600) with explanatory annotations has ever been published.

The new edition of Hakluyt's The Principal Navigations will be published in 14 volumes in a rolling programme beginning in 2016, and finishing in 2019. The new edition will satisfy a widely perceived scholarly need and answer a general demand for a quality edition of Hakluyt's text with full editorial apparatus. The edition will be unabridged and presented with minimal modernization. Editorial apparatus will make Hakluyt's text more comprehensible and available, and will create a new generation of readers able to appreciate the scope and depth of this definitive record of early English maritime enterprise and travel.

Hakluyt organised The Principal Navigations by geographical region. For this edition, the text has been divided into 14 regional volumes. It is anticipated that when complete each edited volume will be approximately 200,000-250,000 words. The first folio volume of The Principal Navigations (1598), which covers the north and north-east, has been divided into 4 volumes for this OUP edition. Volume 1, Medieval Voyages, will be edited by Professor Sebastian Sobecki, University of Groningen; Volume 2, Medieval Voyages and the English in Muscovy will be edited by Dr Angela Byrne, National University of Ireland, Maynooth and Professor Sebastian Sobecki, University of Groningen; Volume 3, Persia and Muscovy Voyages will be edited by Professor Ladan Niayesh, University of Paris VII and Professor Ralph Cleminson, University of Portsmouth; Volume 4, Muscovy, Iceland, Armada, Cadiz will be edited by Professor Anna Agnarsdóttir, University of Iceland, Professor Michael Brennan, University of Leeds, and Dr Felicity Stout, Sheffield University. Byrne and Stout are Early Career Researchers, and though both have been paired with established and experienced academics on their respective volumes, the planned Editorial Workshops will be particularly helpful in supporting their work.

The General Editors, in consultation with the publisher, have appointed an international Editorial Board and Editorial Advisory Board of experts who will provide advice on editorial philosophy, textual scholarship, geographical and historical context; navigational issues; place names; translations, and other key matters. The Editorial Board has been convened to assist the General Editors and to provide oversight for the project, and the Editorial Advisory Board has been established to offer advice on specialist aspects of the text. Key members of the Editorial Board, including the Project's Textual Editor, Anthony Payne, will attend the proposed Workshops. It is intended that developments in editorial policy arising from the 3 Editorial Workshops will be disseminated amongst the volume editors of the remaining 10 volumes in order to encourage best practice in volumes published later in the rolling programme.

Planned Impact

The Project to produce an authoritative edition of The Principal Navigations (1598-1600) arises in part from requests and feedback from both within and beyond the academic community. For instance, in 2008 Jowitt and Carey organised an international conference for HEI and non-HEI delegates on 'Richard Hakluyt 1552-1616: life, times, legacy' held at the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. 120 delegates attended a roundtable session devoted to discussing and debating the requirements of the new edition. The suggestions and ideas received at this session, and the widespread demand for, in particular, a scholarly edition of the expanded 1598-1600 edition of Hakluyt's text, have shaped the development of the Hakluyt Editorial Project. Furthermore the perameters of the edition have been designed in consultation at every stage with the Hakluyt Society, a learned society founded in 1846, and an experienced publishing house of accounts of exploration and travel. In order to benefit from Hakluyt Society expertise and to report on progress on the new edition Carey was elected to serve on the Hakluyt Society Council between 2008-12 and to ensure continuity of communication between the Hakluyt Society and the Project Jowitt was co-opted by Council in 2012.

The Project has already identified and developed a variety of pathways to impact. Jowitt's 2,600 word feature article about Richard Hakluyt, entitled 'The Tudor Guide to Colonising the World', was published in the January 2013 edition of BBC History Magazine. The average circulation figure for this magazine is 80,000. The Editor of BBC History Magazine, Robert Attar, has offered to commission an article about the project to edit The Principal Navigations for inclusion in the Magazine in due course.

The Project has also launched a website describing the project and the edition (see www.hakluyt.org.) and the National Maritime Museum also hosts a page about the new edition (see http://www.rmg.co.uk/researchers/research-areas-and-projects/richard-hakluyt-conference). This pathway to impact has resulted in a variety of responses from the general public which have been used to inform the development of the project. The project launched a 'Call for Information' aiming to solicit from the general public unpublished information about, for instance, little known named individuals or places in the text, ships, commodities, flora and fauna, or specific sources and analogues for narratives and documents in the collection. Contributors to this 'Call for Information' will be acknowledged and listed in the preface to the edition or in footnotes as appropriate if their information is used.

In addition, Dr Nigel Rigby, Director of Research at the NMM, and member of the Project's Editorial Board, has offered to organise and host an exhibition on The Principal Navigations to coincide with the publication of the first 4 volumes from new edition in 2016, which will create significant possibilities for additional media attention to the Project. Dr Rigby will attend the July 2013 Workshop in order to discuss and plan the exhibition.

In June 2012 Carey delivered the Hakluyt Society Annual Lecture, entitled 'Richard Hakluyt, Editor', describing the new edition and Hakluyt's editorial methods. A printed copy of Carey's lecture will shortly be circulated to all 1500 Hakluyt Society members. The Hakluyt Society website also includes information about the Project (see http://www.hakluyt.com/hak-soc-news.htm).

The Project is mindful to continue to develop pathways to impact, and is alert for opportunities to disseminate research findings at outreach and Life Long Learning events. On 08/12/2012 Jowitt spoke at the University of Southampton's Life-Long Learning Maritime Heritage Study Day, in order to bring the Project to the attention of a new and diverse non-HEI audience. Feedback on the impact of the research on the audience has been recorded.


10 25 50
Description The organisation of Editorial Workshops (June 2013, June 2014, and May/June 2015) by PI/CI enabled existing editorial protocols to be reinforced amongst attending team members, and emergent issues that volume editors were experiencing or finding difficult to be discussed and resolved. The workshops both enabled the refinement of processes, e.g. in the editing of Neo-Latin, and allowed them to be communicated to the team.
Volume Editors are currently editing the travel texts included in their volumes in line with project protocols. At each workshop an editor presents to other editors and members of the project Editorial Board a draft of a text s/he has edited and it is discussed, critiqued, and best practice is shared. Each editor then revises the text and uses the insights generated and clarification of procedures in their subsequent editorial work. The Workshops have been invaluable in allowing team members to develop their skills and communicate their work to other members of the team.
Exploitation Route The Editorial Workshops were for editors of the first volumes to be published by OUP (in a rolling programme commencing 2016/17). New editorial protocols have been incorporated into the Style Guide, and distributed to the whole project team. OUP and The Hakluyt Society, which publishes scholarly accounts of travel and exploration, is kept informed of editorial processes and decisions.
Sectors Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

Description Consulted by the National Maritime Museum on the design and material to be included in a planned 'Tudor and Stuarts' gallery.
Sector Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural

Description British Academy Small Grant
Amount £6,653 (GBP)
Funding ID SG142478 
Organisation The British Academy 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2015 
End 06/2016
Description Folger Library Fellowship
Amount $2,500 (USD)
Organisation Folger Shakespeare Library 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United States
Start 03/2015 
End 04/2015
Description Follow-on Funding for Impact and Engagement
Amount £30,000 (GBP)
Funding ID AH/005578/1 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2016 
End 02/2017
Description Hakluyt Society Harry and Grace Smith Fund
Amount £20,000 (GBP)
Organisation Hakluyt Society 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2016 
End 02/2017
Description Huntington Library Fellowship
Amount $3,000 (USD)
Organisation Huntington Library 
Sector Academic/University
Country United States
Start 06/2016 
End 07/2016
Description Modern Humanities Research Association Research Assistantship
Amount £18,000 (GBP)
Organisation Medicines and Healthcare Regulatory Agency 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2014 
End 01/2015
Description Moore Institute Research Fellowship
Amount € 2,200 (EUR)
Organisation National University of Ireland, Galway 
Sector Academic/University
Country Ireland
Start 09/2017 
End 10/2017
Description Small Grant
Amount £7,204 (GBP)
Funding ID R205882 
Organisation The British Academy 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2018 
End 12/2018
Description Hakluyt Society 
Organisation Hakluyt Society
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Conference organisation; academic leadership in the selection of 20 international experts on Hakluyt and related topics to speak at the conference 9including selection of keynote speaker) and the development of conference programme.
Collaborator Contribution The Hakluyt Society funded the attendance of speakers at the conference, and underwrote other organisational costs. Hakluyt Society members also spoke at the conference, and chaired sessions.
Impact Conference 'Richard Hakluyt and the Renaissance Discovery of the World', 24-25 November 2016, Oxford. An important quadricentennial took place on 23 November 2016 - the 400th anniversary of the death of Richard Hakluyt (1552-1616). To mark the occasion, an international group of scholars gathered in Oxford for a conference 'Richard Hakluyt and the Renaissance Discovery of the World'. The two-day conference 'Richard Hakluyt and the Renaissance Discovery of the World' included sessions on themes such as 'Hakluyt, Oxford, & Centres of Power', where, for instance, David Harris Sacks in 'The Educations of Richard Hakluyt and Thomas Harriot', and Payne in 'Hakluyt and Aristotle at Oxford' both located Hakluyt within his Oxford milieu, where he studied and took orders, and Sebastian Sobecki in his discussion of the Libelle of Englyshe Polycye emphasized Hakluyt's mercantilism. A session on Hakluyt's global perspectives in 'the three corners of the world' (a reference to Shakespeare's line from King John) saw Nandini Das discuss 'Hakluyt and India', Felicity Stout focus on 'Hakluyt and Russia' and Bernhard Klein consider 'Hakluyt and West Africa'. Taken together, the three papers revealed the transnational, international, and interconnected networks and dimensions of Hakluyt's work. Other sessions considered 'Encounters, communication and technology', 'Theatres of war, near & far', 'Rival ambitions', 'Telling tales', and 'Influences and legacy'. Speakers (not already mentioned) were: Michael Brennan, Daniel Carey, Heather Dalton, Surekha Davies, Mary Fuller, John Hemming, Claire Jowitt, Joyce Lorimer, Ladan Niayesh, Michael Leroy Oberg, Carla Rahn Phillips, Joan-Pau Rubiés, and Michael van Groesen, representing an appropriately international group, given Hakluyt's project, ranging from the UK to Ireland, the US, Australia, Canada, Spain, France, and the Netherlands. The conference featured a Keynote Lecture from the renowned historian Professor Joyce E. Chaplin from Harvard. Addressing the topic '"No Land Unhabitable, Nor Sea Innavigable": Hakluyt's Argument from Design', she offered an eco-critical reading of Hakluyt's work, showing how nature was central to The Principal Navigations since God had made the world abundant and open for business (especially to the English). In total about one hundred people attended the conference over the two days.
Start Year 2016
Description Research Assistant funded by University of Groningen 
Organisation University of Groningen
Country Netherlands 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution As co-General Editor of the new edition, I am supervising the work of the RA in preparing Volumes 1 and 2 for publication. The RA is based in the School of History at the University of East Anglia.
Collaborator Contribution Professor Sebastian Sobecki (University of Groningen) has provided financial support (Euro c.80k) to fund the appointment of a Research Assistant to help me prepare Volumes 1 & 2 for publication. Professor Sobecki is Editor of Vol. 1 & co-Editor of Vol. 2 of the new edition.
Impact The work is ongoing. The aim is to have Vol. 1 and Vol. 2 in full, advanced draft by the end of 2018.
Start Year 2017
Description 'Hakluyt and Geography in Oxford 1550-1650' Exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Exhibition, 'Hakluyt and Geography in Oxford 1550-1650', at Hakluyt's old college, Christ Church, October to December 2016, showcasing the College's rare copies of his and his contemporaries work, and Renaissance scientific instruments. The Exhibition was launched on 14 October at a well-attended symposia and reception, attended by c.60 members of the Hakluyt Society, academics, and the general public. The Exhibition was visited by hundreds of visitors, local, regional, and national, and international including school parties.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
Description The Architect of English Expansion 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The short article was designed to provide an overview to non-specialists about the significance of Richard Hakluyt and his work, and was published on 23rd November 2016 exactly 400 years after his death on 23rd November 1616. The anniversary of Hakluyt's death was widely reported and 300 people attended a free public lecture on Hakluyt by the historian Prof. Michael Wood 2 days later.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.historytoday.com/daniel-carey-and-claire-jowit/architect-english-expansion