The European Union in the Public Imagination: Maximising the Impact of Transdisciplinary Insights

Lead Research Organisation: University of Edinburgh
Department Name: Sch of Social and Political Science

Abstract

The aim, during this fellowship, is to provide a unique trans-disciplinary contribution to the debate about the relationship between the UK and the European Union.

The outputs from this fellowship will contribute to the programme's focus on attitudes towards the EU, including intra-UK regional variations in attitudes to the EU. Innovative interdisciplinary data sources on social and political attitudes to the EU and their drivers will be mined and analysed. The findings will be made accessible to policy-makers, political elites and to the wider public using novel applications of social media, direct collaboration with the mainstream media, and a public art installation as well as more traditional user engagement strategies. On a smaller scale, to keep coverage of what will be a rapidly shifting landscape current, some innovative ongoing research will be conducted.

Continued UK membership of the European Union (EU), at least on the current terms of membership, increasingly appears to be in question. Traditionally an 'awkward partner' in the EU (George 1990), the UK as a whole has exhibited consistently low levels of attachment to the EU in cross-national opinion surveys. Prime Minister Cameron has promised that in the event of a Conservative victory in 2015, he will hold a referendum on continued EU membership of his country. At the same time, the UK Independence Party (UKIP), an avowedly Eurosceptic party, became the UK's largest party - with one third of the UK's seats - at the European Parliament elections of 2014.

Yet, polls show support for EU membership in the UK to be peaking at its highest level in more than two decades (for example, IPSOS MORI Political Monitor, October 2014). Support for staying in the EU is highest in London (66%) and Scotland (60%). This poses a crucial dilemma to any vote-seeking political actor with anti-EU aspirations: how much does one move in the direction of proposing an anti-EU vision to a relatively Eurosceptic public, before one triggers a pro-EU backlash among the same public? Understanding how individual attachment to the EU is shaped and how context interacts with, and impacts upon, that attachment are matters of considerable contemporary interest to political elites, policy-makers and the general public.

Recent advances in transdisciplinary methods, offer significant potential for the social sciences to make a unique contribution to explaining and predicting the responses of the public to changing political contexts and policy environments. Extensive opinion poll data exists but there is, as yet, no widely reported-on indirect political metric or psychological equivalent to, for example, Yougov or Panelbase. Drawing on extensive existing material (including experimental self-reports, physiological (hormone) testing data, neurological data from fMRI scanning and behavioural data) the applicant will address this gap in public knowledge in relation to EU developments. In addition, the shifting mood of the public on EU-related matters will be tracked throughout the period of the fellowship. Twitter analytics including sentiment-ratings, will be monitored; a visual twitter 'gallery', of photo, video and vine uploads, will be analysed, curated and made available using storify; and facial-coding of emotional responses to EU-related topics will be examined in collaboration with crowdEmotion http://www.crowdemotion.co.uk.

Planned Impact

Engagement with political elites, business leaders, policy-makers and the general public are central to this fellowship. Engagement is intrinsic to the creative research methods employed and is essential to maximise the scope, reach and validity of the measures developed. As well as a producing an ongoing stream of blogs, media contributions, wider networking and provision of talks to user groups throughout the fellowship period, the applicant has developed an innovative impact strategy (see Pathways to Impact document) making full use of advances in the field of cloud-based technologies and social media resources to maximise the scope and depth of the impact of the fellowship.

Policy impact:
The question of the relationship between the UK and the EU is generating considerable uncertainty. Decision-making under conditions of uncertainty is both challenging and risky. The UK in a Changing Europe programme has a key role to play in informing decision-makers and those affected by the decisions that they take. The research agenda identified here provides new means of evaluating the impact of policy decision on public attitudes and behaviours. Direct engagement of the applicant with, for example, the Behavioural Insights Team sponsored by the Cabinet Office, will maximimise the opportunities for direct policy impact.

Political Impact:
The insights developed here offer new tools and insights for political campaigners on both sides of the debate to consider as they develop their campaigns. This applies not only to political parties, but to pro and anti-EU campaigners, as well as to groups concerned with a specific policy issue and with how the public are responding to that issue and to the campaigns surrounding it. The blogs and briefings provided by the applicant will target this audience directly.

Business impact:
Business leaders face similar issues in relation to decision-making the context of uncertainty around the future of the UK's relationship with the EU. The issue of public trust in information sources is a particular concern. The applicant will address this issue specifically in her presentation to a roundtable of business leaders organised by London First. Business leaders also have a wider interest in the application of some of the public attitude metrics being developed by the applicant, specifically an interest in how these might be applied more widely in relation to product confidence, brand loyalty and for advertising purposes. The applicant will address this issue in her presentation to Price Waterhouse Cooper (pwc UK) staff and their clients.

Public Impact:
The public is at the heart of this project. How they imagine the EU and what shapes these imaginings will be integral at all stages. To ensure that the public impact and input is maximised, an accessible digital twitter gallery #myimageoftheEU will be promoted in the media. The public can not only view this gallery but can contribute to its creation. The question of the UK's relationship with the EU has profound implications for UK citizens. The tools generated here will make this debate accessible to 'hard to reach' communities and to young voters perhaps engaging with EU issues for the first time.

Impact on the UK and a Changing Europe Programme:
The applicant would seek to identify synergies with the work of other fellows and projects in the programme. For example, the substantive focus of another project (eg. on the Eurozone, citizenship or the EU budget) might be a suitable topic for one of the proposed themed public-mood barometers. Similarly, some of the ideas proposed here, such as the Twitter Town Hall meeting, might also be implemented on a programme-wide basis. The innovative methods proposed will produce exciting content, which can be used to enhance the programme's web presence and to maximise wider engagement with the programme.
 
Description We developed an interactive Twitter tracker to monitor the public debate on the Brexit referendum. We have now collected over 40 million tweets. This unique data-set has been uploaded to ESDS.

Social media data gathering methods introduce a bias into the resulting data sets. We have tried to define the bias that different collection strategies introduce by using our Brexit referendum data-set. We tested several hypotheses: data collected using different collection strategies results in different datasets and users in these data sets are different and use the facilities provided by Twitter differently.

We found that the data in the datasets was different; there is a surprising lack of overlap between the datasets. We found that using a hashtag approach gives a much larger but less relevant dataset and contains more tweets from the same, highly motivated, users.

Although there was a low overlap between tweets within the datasets there was a higher overlap between users. Then same users were found even though different tweets were included, this disproves the notion that the sets would contain different types of users and suggests more that it contains tweets generated by the same users using different strategies depending on the context. Although we did find that there was some diversity of users and this gave rise to a higher diversity of friend and follower numbers for users in the stream set.

We found a difference in the use of additional content in the different sets, in particular a higher use of photos or images in the official set and a higher use of addition content in general in the hashtag set. We found that in collecting from a specific set of users, the official set, we introduced a bias due to a specific tweeting strategy used by all groups (using images). This bias may change if different users are collected from for a different purpose but highlights the need for caution.

We also found that the users belonging to the official set of Leave and Remain campaign groups had more followers and less friends than the other sets. These users were well known to be tweeting about the topic, which was why we included them but also why others followed them. The users in the official group were "broadcast accounts"; those that have many followers and relatively less friends.

Collecting from specific users also influenced the language used in the tweets; measured through reading ease, they were more complex than those collected from the other sets. We also found that the language in the hashtag set was more complex than the stream set.

In our study of face-emotion coding, we also found a significant difference between the behaviours of participants in our lab-based study and in the online study.
Exploitation Route The interactive Twitter data set is, as we anticipated, used by journalists, campaigners and policy-makers as well as the public to monitor shifts in the Twitter debate on Brexit. Government officials and other public and private actors interested in developing more robust methodologies for utilising Twitter data are helping us to develop this tool further and we are exploring its extension to monitor a possible second independence referendum in Scotland. The data-sets for both the Twitter and the face-emotion coding study can be used to understand more about how traditional polling methods can be supplemented/developed to allow for more nuanced understanding of political attitudes, expectations and behaviours. At an academic level we have had papers accepted at major international conferences in the fields of political science and the information science and presented papers to audiences on cognitive neuroscience, political psychology and design informatics.
Sectors Government, Democracy and Justice

URL http://ukandeu.ac.uk
 
Description We have had considerable media exposure for our EU referendum twitter and #myimageoftheEU research (BBC Radio 4, BBC Scotland, World Service, BBC 5 Live, BBC Wales, Sky News) and direct interest in our work from campaign organisations and policy makers. Our research has also generated considerable public and media interest. We have also developed a dedicated web site http://www.pol.ed.ac.uk/neuropoliticsresearch. The interactive twitter demo on the EU referendum is accessed by journalist and policy makers as well as by the general public http://www.pol.ed.ac.uk/neuropoliticsresearch/sections/remote_content. We have had a number of meetings with civil servants in the Scottish executive, interested in our methods and in our approaches to understanding public attitudes using twitter analysis and face-emotion coding.We collaborate on our face-emotion coding experiment on the EU referendum campaign with our industry partners, CrowdEmotion. This collaboration with CrowdEmotion will extend significantly as we gear up for further studies on the forthcoming Scottish elections and the EU referendum. Our #myimageoftheEU twitter gallery has attracted direct public engagement with the general public, with artists, journalists and the creative community. Our art installation in the National Library of Scotland on May 9 Europe Day will be a significant cultural event.
First Year Of Impact 2015
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Europa Proces
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
Impact This process created a forum for active engagement between policy makers and academics to produce practical input into thinking on Scottish/Brexit issue resolution. It was an effective model for such policy engagement that is to be replicated as a policy practice.
 
Description Future of Europe
Geographic Reach Europe 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a national consultation
 
Description House of Commons Brexit review
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description citation in House of Lords Brexit report
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Gave evidence to a government review
 
Description Brexit Priority Grant
Amount £290,331 (GBP)
Organisation Economic and Social Research Council 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2017 
End 09/2018
 
Title Intercative Twitter tracker 
Description We have developed an innovative interactive twitter tool to track the Brexit campaign and subsequent responses, including a potential indyref2. A longitudinal method, using multiple collection strategies, allows us to minimise bias, and observe shifting patterns over time. Daily visualisations allow non-expert user to track developments in an intuitive manner. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact It has been featured on the BBC, used by campaigners and journalists and featured on CNBC.com (the recognized world leader in business news). 
URL http://www.pol.ed.ac.uk/neuropoliticsresearch/sections/remote_content
 
Title Twitter, Face-Emotion Coding & Brexit 
Description We developed an interactive Twitter tracker to monitor the public debate on the Brexit referendum. We have now collected over 40 million tweets. This unique data-set has been uploaded to ESDS. Social media data gathering methods introduce a bias into the resulting data sets. We have tried to define the bias that different collection strategies introduce by using our Brexit referendum data-set. We tested several hypotheses: data collected using different collection strategies results in different datasets and users in these data sets are different and use the facilities provided by Twitter differently. We found that the data in the datasets was different; there is a surprising lack of overlap between the datasets. We found that using a hashtag approach gives a much larger but less relevant dataset and contains more tweets from the same, highly motivated, users. Although there was a low overlap between tweets within the datasets there was a higher overlap between users. Then same users were found even though different tweets were included, this disproves the notion that the sets would contain different types of users and suggests more that it contains tweets generated by the same users using different strategies depending on the context. Although we did find that there was some diversity of users and this gave rise to a higher diversity of friend and follower numbers for users in the stream set. We found a difference in the use of additional content in the different sets, in particular a higher use of photos or images in the official set and a higher use of addition content in general in the hashtag set. We found that in collecting from a specific set of users, the official set, we introduced a bias due to a specific tweeting strategy used by all groups (using images). This bias may change if different users are collected from for a different purpose but highlights the need for caution. We also found that the users belonging to the official set of Leave and Remain campaign groups had more followers and less friends than the other sets. These users were well known to be tweeting about the topic, which was why we included them but also why others followed them. The users in the official group were "broadcast accounts"; those that have many followers and relatively less friends. Collecting from specific users also influenced the language used in the tweets; measured through reading ease, they were more complex than those collected from the other sets. We also found that the language in the hashtag set was more complex than the stream set. In our study of face-emotion coding, we also found a significant difference between the behaviours of participants in our lab-based study and in the online study. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Data has been uploaded to UKDS The interactive Twitter data set is, as we anticipated, used by journalists, campaigners and policy-makers as well as the public to monitor shifts in the Twitter debate on Brexit. Government officials and other public and private actors interested in developing more robust methodologies for utilising Twitter data are helping us to develop this tool further and we are exploring its extension to monitor a possible second independence referendum in Scotland. The data-sets for both the Twitter and the face-emotion coding study can be used to understand more about how traditional polling methods can be supplemented/developed to allow for more nuanced understanding of political attitudes, expectations and behaviours. At an academic level we have had papers accepted at major international conferences in the fields of political science and the information science and presented papers to audiences on cognitive neuroscience, political psychology and design informatics. 
 
Description face-emotion coding 
Organisation Crowd Emotion
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Research design, lab experiment and data analysis
Collaborator Contribution participant recruitment, software design, data analysis
Impact research still in progress
Start Year 2015
 
Description (N)ever Closer Union - Cognition, Coalition and Continuity - Britain & EU/Europa Institute 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Roundtable discussion and debate, followed up by contact from policy-makers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Anne Diamond interview BBC Berkshire 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact radio interview on political psychology of Brexit
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Austrian visitor talk #EUref 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Talk on brexit for visiting Austrian Policy-makers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description BBC Scotland Newsdrive 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact radio interview on political psychology of Brexit
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description BBC Scotland Newsdrive 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact radio interview on #myimageoftheEU
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description BBC Wales 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact radio interview on political psychology of Brexit
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Blog post
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://blogs.sps.ed.ac.uk/neuropolitics/2017/11/16/we-find-brexit-related-tweets-from-the-russian-tr...
 
Description Blog - European Futures - Message from Cameron's Speech - Still an Awkward Partner 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog post to communicate with general public as part of UKandEU fellowship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Brexit? Contrasting Opinion on the UK's EU Referendum 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog communication to general public as part of UKandEU fellowship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.europeanfutures.ed.ac.uk/article-2761
 
Description CNBC features interactive twitter tracker 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact CNBC.com features Interactive Twitter Tracker
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Daily Politics features Interactive Twitter Tracker 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Daily Politics features Interactive Twitter Tracker
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Documentary on Brexit - Chris Morris - BBC Radio 4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Documentary on Brexit - Chris Morris - BBC Radio 4
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Documentary on voting and psychology - BBC Radio 4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Documentary on voting and psychology - BBC Radio 4
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description EU Referendum Campaign Groups: Strategies on Twitter 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog post to communicate with general public as part of UKandEU fellowship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.europeanfutures.ed.ac.uk/article-2212
 
Description EU in the Public Imagination - National Library of Scotland - Art Exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Pop up event at national Library of Scotland - expert talks, interactive events and art exhibition
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Europe 60 year anniversary - Europa Institute 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Europe 60 year anniversary - Europa Institute
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description European Futures Launch 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact OUR MISSION

European Futures is an academic blog from the University of Edinburgh and the Edinburgh Europa Institute which imagines Europe and its futures and provokes thought and debate on the issues facing Europe today.

The blog is an online platform featuring commentary, analysis and insight on Europe and European affairs, broadly defined, by academics and practitioners from the University of Edinburgh and beyond.

We invite contributions on all aspects of the development of European integration, in the European Union and in other multilateral organisations, and those of European states, including wider Europe and the European neighbourhood. What is the European future and what might it be?

European Futures is funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Impact Acceleration Account awarded to the University of Edinburgh.

Join the discussion on Twitter @EuropeanFutures and with the hashtag #ImagineEurope.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.europeanfutures.ed.ac.uk/about/european-futures
 
Description Exploring Bias: Comparing Approaches for Collecting Twitter Data 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog communication to general public as part of UKandEU fellowship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.europeanfutures.ed.ac.uk/article-2806
 
Description FPA - Press briefing - UKandEU 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Media briefing - with follow up interviews with international journalists
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Future of Europe - European Movement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Future of Europe - European Movement
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Future of Europe - Greek Foreign Ministry 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Future of Europe - Greek Foreign Ministry
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description General Election 2017: A Twitter Analysis 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact blog
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://arxiv.org/abs/1706.02271
 
Description Getting the Message Across in the Twittersphere: How Remain and Leave Use Hashtags 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog post to communicate with general public as part of UKandEU fellowship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.europeanfutures.ed.ac.uk/article-2186
 
Description Herald article - The idea of Europe 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact newpaper article
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description IASH pop up on EU referendum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact pop-up event on EU referendum
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Images of Europe 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog communication to general public as part of UKandEU fellowship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.europeanfutures.ed.ac.uk/article-2980
 
Description Imagining the EU: Words Associated with the EU and Europe 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog communication to general public as part of UKandEU fellowship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.europeanfutures.ed.ac.uk/article-2033
 
Description Imagining the European Union 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog communication with general public as part of UKandEU fellowship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://ukandeu.ac.uk/imagining-the-european-union/
 
Description In or Out and the Politics of Brexit - EU Referendum Roundtable Scottish Political Archive 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact EU Referendum Roundtable which sparked discussion afterwards and prompted further contact from audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Laura CRam discusses possibility if Scotland Leaving the United Kingdom and joining the European Union 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact STV interview, 28 June 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Laura Cram - time to dissolve the people? - Irish Times 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Laura Cram - time to dissolve the people? - Irish Times
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Laura Cram Telegraph media tech article on Twitter and Brexit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact article in Telegraph media tech section March 2017
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Laura Cram comments on Brexit - Financial Times 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Financial Times article
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Laura Cram discussesScotland's European Prospect post- Brexir 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Christian Science Monitor artice
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Laura Cram offers expert analysis of Brexit process 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Article in the Herald 27/8/2106
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Laura Cram provides Overnight referendum analysis on STV 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Overninght referendum analysis for STV
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Nicky Campbell interview BBC5 Live 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact radio interview on political psychology of Brexit
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Open Democracy Brexit blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Open Democracy Brexit blog
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.opendemocracy.net/brexitdivisions/ece-zlem-atikcan-claudia-sternberg/brexit-divisions-wh...
 
Description Post-Brexit Engagement event - Dublin, RIA 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Post-Brexit Engagement event - Dublin, RIA
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Professor Laura Cram comments on Aftermath of Brexit 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Christina Science Monitor 13 July 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Professor Laura Cram comments on process of Tories picking a new leader 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Irish Times article
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Remain camp is losing the hashtag battle in the twittersphere 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog communication with general public as part of UKandEU fellowship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://ukandeu.ac.uk/remain-camp-is-losing-the-hashtag-battle-in-the-euref-twittersphere/
 
Description SELECT COMMITTEE ON THE EUROPEAN UNION COMMITTEE VISIT TO EDINBURGH, 16 DECEMBER 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Evidence given to SELECT COMMITTEE ON THE EUROPEAN UNION
COMMITTEE VISIT TO EDINBURGH, 16 DECEMBER 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description SNP Conference Corporate Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Talk on EU referendum at SNP annual conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Scottish Federation of Housing Associations - Brexit Bulletins 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Monthly Brexit Bulletins for Scottish Federation of Housing Associations
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Sky News 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact TV interview on political psychology of Brexit
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description The use of #Migrant and #Refugee on Twitter 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog communication with general public as part of UKandEU fellowship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://ukandeu.ac.uk/the-use-of-migrant-and-refugee-on-twitter/
 
Description Twitter Sentiment Analysis on the UK's EU Membership 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog post to communicate with general public as part of UKandEU fellowship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.europeanfutures.ed.ac.uk/article-2583
 
Description UK and EU annual conference - interactive event and art exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact UK and EU annual conference - interactive event and art exhibition
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Your Image of the EU: Launch of #myimageoftheEU 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog communication to general public as part of UKandEU fellowship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.europeanfutures.ed.ac.uk/article-2860
 
Description Zocalo public Square - What Does Britain Owe Europe 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Zocalo public Square - What Does Britain Owe Europe - pubic engagement event, talk and reception
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.zocalopublicsquare.org/event/what-does-britain-owe-europe/
 
Description feminising Politics - gender and twitter usage 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact workshop format with follow up discussion, followed by contact from audience members interested in follow up info
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description laura Cram and Clare Llewellyn monitor public opinion via social media - associated press 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Scouring social media on EU referendum - will it be more accurate than polls?
The Conversation, 10 Jun 2016
Boistrous UK media fuel EU myths, but is anyone listening?
Associated Press (International media), 12 Jun 2016
Boistrous UK media fuel EU myths, but is anyone listening?
ABC News (International media), 12 Jun 2016
Boistrous UK media fuel EU myths, but is anyone listening?
Yahoo! Singapore (International media), 12 Jun 2016
Boistrous UK media fuel EU myths, but is anyone listening?
SF Gate (International media), 12 Jun 2016
Boistrous UK media fuel EU myths, but is anyone listening?
The Seattle Times (International media), 12 Jun 2016
Boistrous UK media fuel EU myths, but is anyone listening?
Star-Tribune (International media), 12 Jun 2016
Boistrous UK media fuel EU myths, but is anyone listening?
The New Zealand Herald (International media), 12 Jun 2016
Boistrous UK media fuel EU myths, but is anyone listening?
The Malta Independent (International media), 12 Jun 2016
Proud past is deep in the British national character
Jyllands-Posten (International media), 19 Jun 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description media briefing - PSA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact media briefing - for Political Studies Association
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016