Stonehenge Riverside Project

Lead Research Organisation: University of Sheffield
Department Name: Archaeology

Abstract

Stonehenge is a mystery for modem times but we may be closer than ever to revealing its purposes. This project aims to develop new interpretations of this internationally famous monument through analysis of its chronological and spatial relationships with other monuments and features in its landscape. Within an integrated programme of landscape study and excavation, the project explores the local and regional context of Stonehenge, dating key phases, and providing new perspectives on prehistoric Britain. This is a pivotal moment in the appreciation of this landscape when new interpretations can transform public engagement with this locality and its prehistory.

Publications

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Allen M (2016) Stonehenge's Avenue and 'Bluestonehenge' in Antiquity

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Darvill T (2015) Stonehenge remodelled in Antiquity

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Title Art+Archaeology 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
 
Description Stonehenge is one of the iconic monuments of the world, inspiring substantial public interest and generating multiple archaeological interpretations. One of the unexpected outcomes of my project in Madagascar was a new perspective on Stonehenge and Neolithic monumentality. This led to the development of a major field project in 2003, the Stonehenge Riverside Project, funded by AHRC, the British Academy and the National Geographic Society among others, investigating Stonehenge within its wider landscape, especially the role of the River Avon in linking it with contemporary monuments at Woodhenge and Durrington Walls. The Stonehenge Riverside Project began in 2003 with investigations of Britain's largest henge, Durrington Walls, less than 2 miles from Stonehenge. Over the next four seasons we uncovered remains of Neolithic houses dating to the same period as Stonehenge's second stage of construction, around 2500 BC. We realized that this huge settlement was probably where the builders lived when putting up the huge stones at Stonehenge. We also found that Durrington Walls has its own solstice-aligned avenue leading to the River Avon. Another surprise was that, where Stonehenge's prehistoric avenue meets the river, there lies a long since dismantled stone circle, 'Bluestonehenge'.



As PI and project manager, I co-ordinate a large multi-disciplinary team whose other directors are Prof. Colin Richards and Prof. Julian Thomas (Manchester University), Dr. Josh Pollard (Southampton University), Prof. Chris Tilley (UCL) and Dr. Kate Welham (Bournemouth University). The high quality of results from SRP led me to initiate a new project, Feeding Stonehenge (AHRC-funded), on which I was joined by CI's Dr. Umberto Albarella (Sheffield), Prof. Jane Evans (BGS) and Dr. Oliver Craig (York). This has focused on the resourcing of Stonehenge's construction, including the study of livestock mobility through isotopic analysis, culinary practices from lipid analysis of ceramic residues, and seasonality. I was also PI on Stonehenge-under-the-Earth (Google-funded), a project managed by Dr. Welham to provide a Google Earth application of our research results to the public, launched on the web in 2011. Since 2011 I have also been leading the Stones of Stonehenge Project, to investigate the sources of the Stonehenge monoliths in Wales and north Wiltshire. Since starting research in 2003, our results have revolutionised our understanding of Stonehenge and have made a major contribution to knowledge of the Neolithic.
Exploitation Route The project was the subject of two American and two British TV documentaries. It also received worldwide publicity in newspapers, television items and web interest. The results have been incorporated into the new Stonehenge Visitor Centre, opened in 2013 and attracting over 1 million visitors p.a.
Sectors Education,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Other

URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/archaeology/research/directory/feeding-stonehenge-parkerpearson
 
Description For exhibitions in new Stonehenge visitor centre
Sector Education,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Retail
Impact Types Cultural,Economic

 
Description Archaeological advisor to English Heritage on new Stonehenge visitor centre
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
 
Description AHRC Follow-on funding for Impact and Engagement
Amount £75,979 (GBP)
Funding ID AH/R005621/1 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2017 
End 11/2018
 
Description Google under-the-earth: seeing beneath Stonehenge
Amount £22,000 (GBP)
Organisation Google 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start 05/2009 
End 06/2011
 
Description Stonehenge and the stones of Stonehenge
Amount £82,000 (GBP)
Organisation National Geographic 
Sector Private
Country United States
Start 08/2006 
End 05/2016
 
Description Consuming Prehistory: Feeding Stonehenge follow-on fund 
Organisation Cardiff University
Department School of History, Archaeology and Religion
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution To make the research results of the AHRC funded 'Feeding Stonehenge' project relevant to new audiences by focusing on food. In collaboration with English Heritage, we have a project that provides us with unparalleled access to Stonehenge as a focus for knowledge exchange and engagement and will see us bring new local, national and international audiences to our research. We are increasing the volume of engagement by national and international audiences at Stonehenge, and creating and delivering workshops to engage national audiences.
Collaborator Contribution To make the research results of the AHRC funded 'Feeding Stonehenge' project relevant to new audiences by focusing on food. In collaboration with English Heritage, we have a project that provides us with unparalleled access to Stonehenge as a focus for knowledge exchange and engagement and will see us bring new local, national and international audiences to our research. We are increasing the volume of engagement by national and international audiences at Stonehenge, and creating and delivering workshops to engage national audiences.
Impact Temporary exhibition at the Stonehenge visitor centre in 2017-2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Consuming Prehistory: Feeding Stonehenge follow-on fund 
Organisation University of York
Department Department of Archaeology
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution To make the research results of the AHRC funded 'Feeding Stonehenge' project relevant to new audiences by focusing on food. In collaboration with English Heritage, we have a project that provides us with unparalleled access to Stonehenge as a focus for knowledge exchange and engagement and will see us bring new local, national and international audiences to our research. We are increasing the volume of engagement by national and international audiences at Stonehenge, and creating and delivering workshops to engage national audiences.
Collaborator Contribution To make the research results of the AHRC funded 'Feeding Stonehenge' project relevant to new audiences by focusing on food. In collaboration with English Heritage, we have a project that provides us with unparalleled access to Stonehenge as a focus for knowledge exchange and engagement and will see us bring new local, national and international audiences to our research. We are increasing the volume of engagement by national and international audiences at Stonehenge, and creating and delivering workshops to engage national audiences.
Impact Temporary exhibition at the Stonehenge visitor centre in 2017-2019.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Projects ? collaborative - Stonehenge Riverside Project (AHRC-funded) 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Information taken from Final Report
 
Title Google under-the-earth: seeing beneath Stonehenge. 
Description Web access to Stonehenge discoveries by AHRC-funded project 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2011 
Impact Popular website for Stonehenge enthusiasts 
URL http://microsites.bournemouth.ac.uk/seeing-beneath-stonehenge/
 
Description A History of Ancient Britain TV mini-series 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact TV miniseries viewed by over 1 million
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Archaeological Institute of America's 2011-2012 Samuel H. Kress Lecturer in Ancient Art - lecture tour of US & Canada 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Over 1000 people attended the lectures at 14 venues across North America
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description International lecture tour of Canada, US, Belgium and Ireland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Lecture tour on results of AHRC-funded Stonehenge research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Journey to Stonehenge, Time Team Special, C4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This TV documentary was viewed by well over 1 million people.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006
 
Description Lecture tour of Germany, Sweden, Netherlands and Portugal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lectures, keynote addresses and conference papers on AHRC-funded Stonehenge research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Lecture tour of Spain, Netherlands, Denmark, Turkey, Ireland, Canada and US 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lectures on AHRC-funded Stonehenge research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Lecture tour of US and Australia 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lectures on AHRC-funded Stonehenge research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description Lecture tour of US, Denmark, Ireland, Germany & Mexico 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Lectures, day schools and UNESCO committee meetings to present AHRC-funded Stonehenge research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Lecture tour of US, Denmark, Sweden, Belgium and Spain 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Lectures on AHRC-funded Stonehenge and Beaker People research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Lecture tour of US, Sweden, Germany, Spain and South Korea 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Lectures on AHRC-funded Stonehenge and Beaker People research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Richard & Judy TV show 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact TV interview on 'Richard & Judy' to over 3 million viewers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description Secrets of the Stonehenge Skeletons, Oxford Scientific Films, C4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This has been broadcast to well over 1 million in the UK and Europe
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Stonehenge Live, C5 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was viewed by over 500,000 people
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006
 
Description Stonehenge through the ages, BBC4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This TV documentary was watched by well over 100,000 viewers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Stonehenge, CNN live 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This extended news item was viewed by over 1 million people
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description Stonehenge, Nova Productions, PBC 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This US-made documentary was broadcast around the world to over 1 million viewers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Stonehenge. Olympic coverage, CNN 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This mini-documentary was part of a programme on the run-up to the Olympics
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Stonehenge: ancient mysteries, ABC 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This mini documentary was viewed worldwide by over 1 million
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description TV documentary by National Geographic 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This documentary reached an estimated audience of over 10 million worldwide
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description The road to Stonehenge, Time Team Special, C4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This TV documentary was watched by over 1 million viewers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description UNESCO conference (Malaga) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact UNESCO world heritage of megaliths committee, based on AHRC-funded Stonehenge research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description Walking through History TV documentary 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact TV documentary viewed by over 1 million
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014