The AHRC Research Centre for Studies in Intellectual Property and Technology Law

Lead Research Organisation: University of Edinburgh
Department Name: Sch of Law

Abstract

The AHRC Centres for Studies in Intellectual Property and Technology Law explores the relationship between law and new technologies, including policy and practical developments, in science, medicine, culture and innovation. It is a major research hub directing international research networks and young scholars in identifying the appropriate balance to be struck between protection and regulation, freedom and privacy, the market and intervention to promote policy objectives such as education and research. In addition to its dynamic and cross-cutting research programme, the Centre fully exploits its technical and legal expertise in the delivery of its teaching and public engagement agenda
 
Description There are clear limitations in the use of formal legislation to regulate the rapidly evolving technological landscape. Legislation is often "too much too late", involving highly punitive responses to the latest moral panic, which often does little to achieve the protection of key values and can stymie responsible technological development and growth by protecting antiquated business models. Certain interests - such as these of developing countries, SMEs and, in some cases, consumers - are systematically sidelined in these developments. Even more worrying, these legal tools often fail to realise the benefits even for those groups they are meant to protect, misaligning legal conceptualisations and responses with the expectations and interests of creators and innovators. Certain less obvious legal concepts that are in principle available to address these deficits are underused in favour of ideas from traditional criminal and IP law. To address these shortcomings, we have developed new forms of interaction between lawyers, scientists and policy makers and contributed to a more holistic approach of co-regulation that changes behaviour through a mixture of economic incentives, technological architecture, training/education and formal legislation using traditional legal ideas more creatively. We have demonstrated that the Internet, just as science in general as a global communications space, is a self-organising entity that has proven problematic for regulators, and that in order to regulate them, we must first understand how networks of this type operate. Case studies in copyright policy, peer-production and cyber crime, providing in-depth analyses of the challenges posed by the science and technology's complex dynamic networks. We developed new approaches and solutions were developed for specific problems and case studies such as trusted computing, medical databases, neuroimaging, open source licensing, and online behavioural advertising. More specifically, we
- took a new approach to "foresighting" that facilitates risk assessment for emerging technologies and identifies regulatory gaps and shortcomings.
- demonstrated key legal concepts that can be represented computationally to contribute to regulation through architecture and facilitate e.g. "privacy through design"
- showed how synergies between often underused legal concepts from human rights law, competition law, and tort law (reliance liability) can be used to give voice to often silenced interests and balance better and in democratically more accountable ways the various interests that scientific developments touch upon.
- showed how co-regulation in the media sector can be reformed, with specific reference to professional regulation and the demise of the Press Complaints Committee in the UK to ensure coherence and effectiveness of regulation in the media sector in the light of convergence and the challenges that face states in seeking to promote a plural and diverse media environment
- identified problems with reliance on the concept of "informed consent" in medical law and technology law, and suggested ways in which this abstract idea can be enriched in a co-regulatory model
- demonstrated the potential of open source and open access models, and contributed to legal tools that make them more robust
- developed new forms to communicate key scientific ideas to lawyers, and new methods to explain legal issues pertaining to technology regulation to scientists, software developers and the wider public. These methods involved also interaction with artists, authors of literary works including comic books, software developers and people from the fields of popular culture to develop communication channels that go "beyond text".
Together, these approaches can rebalance the interests and value commitments of various stakeholders, with an overarching metric of reducing where possible regulation while enhancing trust, and maximising openness while protecting secrecy, when and only when necessary, better.
Exploitation Route A key part of our work was to create structures that enabled not only centre members, but academics working in cognate areas across the UK and Europe to influence policy formation. Our Foresight Fora coordinated highly interdisciplinary responses to consultation exercises class for evidence and submissions to policy makers, working closely with professional bodies such as BILETA or NGOs such as the Open Rights Group.
All of our research streams have attracted follow up funding that allows us to work with specific research users in turning the more abstract and conceptual findings into specific models of governance, software development or teaching and training tools. Particularly successful is our continuing work with regulators and data controllers in the field of medical data, both in the UK (e.g work with the Scottis Informatics Programme (SHIP) or the ESRC Administrative Data Research Centres: ADRC Scotland) and internationally (from advisory work for the government of Argentina to involvement with the EU Commission's Innovative Medicines Initiative on stem cell banking: EBiSC)
The groundwork on law compliant software design and assistive legal technologies that were laid in this project are now been taking up by collaborative work with major commercial law firms and rightholder organisations for the digital economy through the RCUK funded CREATE network
We developed new training material for practitioners, including contributing to a ground breaking new EU certified programme on skills in digital evidence for judges, prosecutors and police, and material for wider outreach work with comic book illustrators and creative writes to turn our ideas into a format that is accessible to the wider public.
SCRIPT remains a research centre at the University of Edinburgh and continues to host the innovative open access journal SCRIPTed that was funded through the grant, and has "spun off" new, more specialised centres and communities that implement and further develop the findings of the grant, including the Mason Centre for Medical law and Ethics UoE, or the European Association of Health law that the grant helped to set up.
Sectors Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology

URL http://www2.law.ed.ac.uk/ahrc/index.aspx
 
Description Our findings helped to shape policy responses and governance structures across the fields of technologies that SCRIPT investigated. A key part of the grant was to set up Foresight Fora that coordinated academic responses to consultations and similar submissions to policy makers, by establishing UK wide 'fast-response' networks. In a later stage, this approach was also supported by BILETA, the British-Irish Law, Education and Technology association which allowed us to broaden the scope. Research by SCRIPT was also used to shape the way in which digital health records are curated and made accessible in privacy protecting way, in Scotland (SHIP), Europe (most recently through involvement with EMIF) and Late America. Wealso contributed to new forms of practice-oriented training, helping to develop the first EU-wide certificate on Forensic Computing which was then by over 400 judges, police officers and prosecutors.
Sector Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Government, Democracy and Justice,Pharmaceuticals and Medical Biotechnology
Impact Types Societal

 
Description Forensic Computing training
Geographic Reach Multiple continents/international 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The gaining course that we developed together with forensic partitioners from Spain and researchers across Europe from law, social sciences and computer science addressed common mistakes make by judges, prosecutors and police when dealing with digital evidence, reducing the danger of miscarriages of justice and also the unnecessary or wasteful use of digital examiners, or non-use of such examiners where they can add value to an investigation or case. More than 400 key players in the justice system in Europe, Latin America and the UEA benefited from this course or the training material on which it was build.
 
Description CREATE - Centre for Copyright and New Business Models in the Creative Economy
Amount £4,164,480 (GBP)
Funding ID AH/K000179/1 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2012 
End 08/2017
 
Description MEDIADEM Project
Amount £180,288 (GBP)
Organisation European Economic Community 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 03/2010 
End 12/2013
 
Description SUII Knowledge exchange grant
Amount £24,000 (GBP)
Organisation Scottish Universities Insight Institute 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2010 
End 09/2010
 
Title The Personality Rights Database 
Description User-edited database about personality rights brought to you by the AHRC Centre for Studies in Intellectual Property and Technology Law. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2006 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact See C Waelde, 'A Rights of Personality Database' in Rights of Personality in Scots Law: A Comparative Perspective, ed N Whitty and R Zimmermann (Dundee UP 2009). 
URL http://personalityrightsdatabase.com/index.php?title=Main_Page
 
Description Advisory group of the Law Commission on reform of the Moorov Doctrine 
Organisation South Yorkshire and Bassetlaw Commissioning Hub
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Schafer was a member of the advisory group of the Law Commission on reform of the Moorov Doctrine.
Collaborator Contribution See 'Discussion Paper on Similar Fact Evidence and the Moorov Doctrine': http://www.scotlawcom.gov.uk/files/7212/9744/4839/dp145.pdf.
Impact Discussion paper: http://www.scotlawcom.gov.uk/files/7212/9744/4839/dp145.pdf
Start Year 2010
 
Description Future of Identity 
Organisation City, University of London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution City University invited us to join a successful EPSRC network application "Future of identity
Collaborator Contribution We presented our work at workshops of the network held in London, and organised one workshop (on databases for libraries that assist with the management of the new "Orphan work" legislation
Impact A series of workshops were held by the network partners. Multidisciplinary: computer science, political sciences, psychology, anthropology
Start Year 2011
 
Description Legal lead for Creative Commons, Costa Rica 
Organisation Creative Commons International
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Guadamuz was the legal advisor for Creative Commons, Costa Rica.
Collaborator Contribution n/a
Impact n/a
Start Year 2009
 
Description Member, Nuffield Council on Bioethics 
Organisation Nuffield Council on Bioethics
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Laurie was a member of the Council from 2009 to 2015,
Collaborator Contribution The Nuffield Council on Bioethics is an independent body that examines and reports on ethical issues in biology and medicine. It was established by the Trustees of the Nuffield Foundation in 1991, and since 1994 it has been funded jointly by the Foundation, the Wellcome Trust and the Medical Research Council. The Council has achieved an international reputation for advising policy makers and stimulating debate in bioethics. Terms of reference The Council's terms of reference require it: To identify and define ethical questions raised by recent advances in biological and medical research in order to respond to, and to anticipate, public concern; To make arrangements for examining and reporting on such questions with a view to promoting public understanding and discussion; this may lead, where needed, to the formulation of new guidelines by the appropriate regulatory or other body; In the light of the outcome of its work, to publish reports; and to make representations, as the Council may judge appropriate. - See more at: http://nuffieldbioethics.org/about/#sthash.Tsfozq5Y.dpuf
Impact The Council is a deliberative body. The main role of the Council is to consider questions of strategic direction, topic identification (following review by the Future Work Subgroup), review of ongoing work and overseeing the range and quality of outputs and activities. The Council critically reviews the work of Working Parties at key stages during the projects, so as to ultimately adopt the final outputs and reports. - See more at: http://nuffieldbioethics.org/about/council-members/#sthash.vkgIRzjR.dpuf
Start Year 2009
 
Description Representative for Creative Commons International to the WIPO 
Organisation Creative Commons International
Country United States 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Attended Committee on Development and Intellectual Property (CDIP) as representative from Creative Commons.
Collaborator Contribution Submitted statement by Creative Commons to CDIP5 (26 April 2010).
Impact http://www.technollama.co.uk/creative-commons-statement-at-wipo-cdip (Statement by Creative Commons to CDIP5) http://www.technollama.co.uk/committee-on-development-and-intellectual-property-cdip-morning-day-one (Blog post: Committee on Development and Intellectual Property (CDIP) Morning Day One) http://www.technollama.co.uk/wipo-cdip5-morning-day-two (Blog post: WIPO CDIP5 Morning Day Two) http://www.technollama.co.uk/wipo-cdip5-day-3 (Blog post: WIPO CDIP5 Day 3) http://www.technollama.co.uk/wipo-cdip5-day-4 (Blog post: WIPO CDIP5 Day 4) http://www.technollama.co.uk/wipo-cdip5-day-5 (Blog post: WIPO CDIP5 Day 5)
Start Year 2010
 
Description SCHOLARLy - Scottish-Latin American Research network in Law 
Organisation National Autonomous University of Mexico
Country Mexico 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We gave presentations of our research at a series of workshops in Mexico, which then fed into a large research project into computer support for the Mexican judiciary, and also hosted a researcher from the institute for three month for intensive training.
Collaborator Contribution The partners provided funding to fully cover travel and subsistence, seconded a researcher to Edinburgh for 3 month, and also assisted in acquiring funding from the Mexican government for an LLM and one PhD student
Impact Interdisciplinary project involving computer science and law. A long term outcome was our involvement as UK co-ordinator in a new international research institute on Research into Legal Education and Pedagogy that was formally launched in 2014
Start Year 2010
 
Description 10th European Policy for Intellectual Property conference EPIP 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Schafer B presented a paper 'A Fourth Law of Robotics? Enforcing Ethical Copyright Compliance in a World Shared with Automata'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 4S & EASST, Annual Meeting 2008 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Conference presentation: 'Governing Emerging Technologies: The Regulatory Model and Social Values underlying Stem Cell Governance in Argentina - A State of Flux'. Part of Governing Emerging Biotechnologies: Social Values and Stem Cell Research Regulation in Argentina (http://www.research.ed.ac.uk/portal/en/projects/governing-emerging-biotechnologies-social-values-and-stem-cell-research-regulation-in-argentina%2877db2184-b88f-47b3-9281-e921ca91ffaf%29.html).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
URL http://www.4sonline.org/files/4S_EASST_2008_Rotterdam_Program.pdf
 
Description Advisory Commission on Regenerative Medicine and Cellular Therapies and Invited Guests 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Harmon presented on 'Stem Cell Research Regulation: Evidence from Argentina'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Andrés Guadamuz comments on digital money prospects 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 17/03/12: (Algemeen Dagblad )
Press clipping: Expert Comment
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Caledonian Research Foundation Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Laurie was a member of the programme committee.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Conference paper (International Conference on Quantitative Aspects of Justice and Fairness) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper: 'You bet your life on it! Quantitative and qualitative assessment of the strength of forensic theories'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL https://qajf.wordpress.com/2-conference-program/
 
Description Dr Burkhard Schafer comments on developments in neuroscience 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Headline Mind over matter
Medium Scotland on Sunday
Place page: 26, 27
Date of coverage 27/03/11
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.research.ed.ac.uk/portal/en/clippings/dr-burkhard-schafer-comments-on-developments-in-neu...
 
Description Event at Edinburgh International Science Festival 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Led panel (from industry, politics and young leaders) who presented on different attitudes to control of climate change related technologies, and took questions from the floor. Event accompanied by display of art from Primary School pupils (Mile End, Aberdeen)

Stimulating discussion, results of public vote differed from that often suggested by scholars. Interest in wide range of research and relevant issues, which audience indicated would not have considered before.

The event was noted in a parallel scholarly work Brown AEL (ed) Environmental Technologies, Intellectual Property and Climate Change: Accessing, Obtaining and Protecting (Edward Elgar, 2013) pp7 and 26
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description First International Workshop on Artificial Intelligence and IP Law 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Schafer organised the conference and presented a paper on 'A Roadmap for Research in AI and IP: Semantic Ontologies'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description GikII 2 Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Several members of the project team presented papers and participated in the conference. One of the papers was published as Judith Rauhofer, 'Privacy is dead, get over it! Information privacy and the dream of a risk-free society' in Information & Communications Technology Law, 17/3 (2008), pp. 185-197 (10.1080/13600830802472990)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2007
 
Description GikII 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Schafer presented a paper on 'My mind to your mind my thoughts to your thoughts - copyright and privacy implications of brain-to-brain emails'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.gikii.org/?p=286
 
Description GikII 3 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Schafer presented a paper on 'The Eyre Affair Revisited: Modelling Identity Statements in Fictional Contexts'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description GikII 4 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Schafer presented on 'ZombAIs and Family Law: Technology Beyond the Grave'; Harmon (with Wiebke Abel) presented on 'Future Tech: Governance & Ethics in the Age of Artificially Enhanced Man (Or "Beware The ZombAIs at the Gate")'. Both presentations were published in SCRIPTed, 7, 2 (2010).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description GikII 7 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Schafer presented a paper on '"Clod-Like Collection of Condensers" or "All Licensed Fools" - Robots and the Law of Defamation';
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.gikii.org/?p=50
 
Description Information and Communications Technology for Environmental Regulation: Developing a Research Agenda 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Schafer presented a paper on, 'Environmental Protection and Data Protection Law: Clouding the Debate?'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Jornadas Internacionales de Filosofía del Derecho Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation on 'Computational copyright law and the epistemology of fictional objects'. This lead to a related publication, 'Creating CoReO, the Computer Assisted Copyright Reform Observatory' and invitation to speak at the annual conference the following year.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Neuroscience in Fashion 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The talk sparked extended discussion with members of the public, who also submitted questions in writing

The event received extensive media coverage, with reports on the BBC health website, the Telegraph and the Scotsman. We were also asked to write up short papers for practitioner oriented journals, e.g. euroscience in fashion : An encounter at Inspace 14th April 2011, Edinburgh. / Haley, Jane; Wardlaw, Joanna; Schafer, Burkhard; Sandercock, Peter.
In: Advances in Clinical Neuroscience & Rehabilitation (ACNR), 2011, p. 44-45.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
URL http://www.edinburghneuroscience.ed.ac.uk/publicengagement/Inspace/Biogs/Biog13.html
 
Description Neuroscience in Scottish Parliament 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact We gave presentations to members of the Scottish civi service and parliamentarians in the science and technology committee. We were encouraged to continue this line of interaction, possibly with seconding a PhD student to parliament

no impact materialised yet - we were encouraged to prepare a submission for a question in the Scottish parliament (for a day set aside to question of science policy) but out submission eventually lost out to other suggestions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011
 
Description PRIME-Network, Europe-Latin America Conference on Science and Innovation Policy 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Harmon presented on ''Governing Emerging Technologies: Social Concerns, Social Values and Argentine Regulatory Instruments in the Stem Cell Arena'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Presentation (National Cheng Kung University) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Harmon delivered a presentation on 'Stem Cell Research and Social Values: Evidence from Argentina'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
 
Description Professor Graeme Laurie talks about the use of DNA profiling in court cases 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Headline DNA could unmask real Jack the Ripper
Medium The Sunday Post
Place page: 35
Date of coverage 28/11/10
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2010
URL http://www.research.ed.ac.uk/portal/en/clippings/professor-graeme-laurie-talks-about-the-use-of-dna-...
 
Description Questions of Sport: What are the Legal Rights and Wrongs? 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Schafer and Brown organised this one-day conference held at Murrayfield Stadium, Edinburgh on 7 November 2008.

To celebrate the first anniversary of the announcement that the Commonwealth Games are coming to Scotland, and with the London Olympic Games looming large, Edinburgh Law School organised a day-long event to look at legal rights and wrongs associated with sporting competition. The event will take place on Friday 7 November 2008 at Murrayfield Stadium, Edinburgh from 9am-5pm. The event was organised by SCRIPT, the law and technology research centre based in Edinburgh Law School and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council.

The many questions which remain unanswered include the rights and wrongs of enhancement technologies, the privacy implications for sportsmen and women of anti-doping monitoring measures, the existence and extent of merchandising and commercialisation rights and control of the trade marks associated with large sporting events.

Speakers include
Julia Bracewell OBE
Seona Burnett Partner McGrigors
Helen Arnot Head of Legal Department, STV SMG plc
David Marshall CEO Tennis Scotland
As well as many others

SCRIPT launched an LLM module in 'Sport and the Law' at the University of Edinburgh.

Brown published a report about the conference in SCRIPTed, 6/1(2009), pp. 155-159.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Research in a Nutshell: Law beyond Siliconism 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Burkhard Schafer describes how advances in computer science and neuroscience challenge century old legal concepts in this video.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.law.ed.ac.uk/research/making_a_difference/research_in_a_nutshell_law_beyond_siliconism
 
Description SCRIPTed Journal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact SCRIPTed is a high-quality, online, international, interdisciplinary and multi-lingual journal of peer-reviewed articles, analysis pieces, case and legislation critiques, as well as commentaries, reports, and book reviews pertaining to law, society, and technologies in the broadest sense. In furtherance of that goal, SCRIPTed's Editorial Board is assisted by an Advisory Board of internationally-renowned experts drawn from the disciplines of intellectual property, information technology, medical law, artificial intelligence, communications law and E-commerce.

As the online journal associated with SCRIPT (the Centre for Research in Intellectual Property and Technology Law, based in the School of Law, University of Edinburgh, and established on 1 April 2002 with generous support from the Arts and Humanities Research Council), SCRIPTed draws on a thriving postgraduate community of students from around the world and benefits from the close ties of that community with the Faculty of Law.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity Pre-2006,2006,2007,2008,
URL http://script-ed.org/
 
Description Second International Conference on the Regulation of Stem Cells and Human Tissue, Argentine Advisory Commission on the Regulation of Stem Cells and Human Tissue 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Harmon presented a paper on 'Governing Emerging Technologies: Project Overview and Core Regulatory Issues'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
URL http://www.law.ed.ac.uk/research/making_a_difference/moral_and_legal_aspects_of_stem_cell_research_i...
 
Description The Sperber/Mercier Symposium on the Evolution of Argumentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Schafer presented on 'Institutions of Legal Argumentation: A Reply to Sperber and Mercier'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description The Un-IP Workshop: Floating the Knowledge Management Boat in a Sea of Intellectual Property Rights 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper based on discussions at the conference published as 'Knowledge Management and the Contextualisation of Intellectual Property Rights in Innovation Systems' in SCRIPTed, 7/1 (2010), pp. 32-50.

Not aware of any particular impact.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
 
Description Understanding Transformation Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Schafer presented on 'Touched by the Strength of Your Argument: Towards a Multi-Sensory Jurisprudence'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009
 
Description Understanding the Responsibilities of Online Service Providers in Information Societies 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Schafer presented a paper on 'We are the victim here - Data breach notification duties and the duties of victims in the criminal law of democratic states'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.ipdg.law.ed.ac.uk/2015/11/03/prof-burkhard-schafer-on-data-breach-notification-mechanism/
 
Description World Intellectual Property Day visits to Tynewater Primary School, Midlothian 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Presented key issues innovation, creativity and then group exercise and discussion about extent to which pupils would like to limit access to their invention

Interest from pupils in law, innovation and argument. Have shared outcomes of this event in scholarship and in industry discussions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2010
URL http://www.wipo.int/ip-outreach/en/ipday/2010/activities.html#s