Realigning Historically Informed String Playing in Beethoven's Orchestral Works

Lead Research Organisation: Cardiff University
Department Name: Music

Abstract

Period-instrument performance is now well established, enjoying an increasingly mainstream profile within the classical music industry. However, despite commercial success, and partly because of it, its claim to be historically informed does not hold true throughout the broad range of repertoire performed nowadays by its exponents. 19th-century string performance differed markedly from modern playing in matters of both technique and expression; yet most period players lack the combination of theoretical knowledge and practical skill to recreate these differences. Conductors and leaders,themselves often ignorant about relevant performance practice issues, have been concerned primarily with achieving the tightest ensemble in the shortest time, aligning their performances with the expectations of commercial factors as well as 'modern ears'. Consequently, true 19th-century practices have never been fully explored or realised,and familiar, secure, yet inaccurate 'modern' techniques such as off-string bowings have been the default directive. Whilst recordings of Beethoven's Symphonies (e.g. by Gardiner, Hogwood and Norrington) are well respected and certainly offer interpretative insights, their acceptance as definitive examples of historical performance in this repertoire is misguided and dangerous. The string playing does not follow either technically or stylistically the conventions that were natural to performers of that time. This fact is widely accepted by the players on those recordings, many of whom will benefit from the outputs of the proposed research as current members of the OAE. The enthusiastic participation of the world-leading ensemble in this repertoire, confirms that current levels of knowledge and skill in this field are regarded as unsatisfactory. To date, there have been no recorded or concert performances which have given any meaningful realisation of early 19th-century string playing, because there simply are no players with the requisite skills to reproduce the style. Lack of available training (specialist conservatoire courses teach only baroque and classical style and never touch on later music) and the problems of interpreting and realising the available scholarly material in practical terms, mean that 19th-century performance practices continue to be grossly misrepresented.
This research will tackle orchestral string playing in core repertoire through practice-led investigations and outputs, thus increasing knowledge and understanding in a key area of historically-informed performance. The principal objective is to transform Beethoven performance by establishing and communicating the information that string players need to understand and assimilate in order to reproduce the bowing, fingering and expression that was natural to performers of his time. The project will document and illustrate the physical ways in which lost techniques of the early 19th-century may be recreated, examine relevant editions of Beethoven's orchestral and chamber compositions (in conjunction with the AHRC-funded Brown/Stowell project on early editions) and provide detailed case studies on Beethoven Symphonies for orchestral players and conductors. The project will be linked to 4 OAE concerts. A workshop day examining relevant string technique and style with OAE players and interaction between leaders, conductors and the Fellow, will ensure that knowledge transfer from the fellowship will directly affect these public performances. Preperformance talks will disseminate the research outcomes to audiences and expand their understanding of performance issues relevant to this repertoire. A workshop day at the RAM will enable valuable and unique knowledge transfer to conservsatoire students. Other outputs will be disseminated through conference papers, a seminar at the IMR, public concert performances, public lecture-recitals, a permanent online resource, occasional lecture and 'hands on' teaching within Cardiff University's CRHIP.

Planned Impact

Beneficiaries of the proposed project will also include performers, conductors, ensembles, and audiences. Instrumentalists will gain insights into how to reproduce 19th-century techniques and style, enabling them to perform to higher standards of historical fidelity. This will impact on their employability in a competitive freelance industry, increase their value to their various ensembles, and strengthen teaching expertise. The applicant is acutely aware of several former LCP members, who are keen to build on the limited, theoretical information received from Clive Brown many years ago.
Through their OAE links, conductors will be exposed to the research outcomes, which will impact significantly on their approach to Beethoven performance. They will gain a greater understanding of period principles of bowing, fingering and style, all of which clarify the composer's intentions regarding expression and articulation, and will work with string players better versed in historically informed performance issues, ensuring better use of rehearsal time, more convincing results and greater musical commitment. The research should also influence the 'non-period' world, as conductors increasingly work with both 'period' and 'modern orchestras, Also many 'modern' orchestras are re-evaluating their approach to 19th-century repertoire. (Ensembles such as the Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra try to apply some 'period' stylistic effects e.g. 'pure tone' whilst playing modern instruments.)
Performance standards of period ensembles will improve markedly as the outcomes of the proposed research are disseminated; this in turn will make ensembles more attractive to promoters, record companies and the general public. Although the research will influence many ensembles, the OAE will be the most direct beneficiary, the resulting increase in the skills of its string players in core repertoire reflecting its aim to present historically informed performances of the highest standard. The benefits to the OAE would begin immediately and continue throughout the fellowship and beyond. 5 years' intake of young professionals on the OAE apprenticeship scheme would also benefit, as well as those professionals and students who participate in the workshops either as performers or observers. Although the project's main aim is to transform orchestral playing, The Eroica Quartet (working with Clive Brown on 19th-Century chamber repertoire) will make several visits to Cardiff University during the fellowship term making them also beneficiaries. The Fellow has performed with several members of the quartet who will be engaged at the outset of the fellowship.
One excuse used to justify the current misrepresentation of 19th-century playing style is that modern audiences find difficulty in accepting change. The research outcomes include educating audiences in the norms of 19th-century technique and style, notably through lecture-recitals and pre-concert talks (in London and Cardiff) involving practical demonstration. Two chamber concerts, as well as OAE performances, will offer audiences the experience of hearing this new, more faithful historically informed approach to Beethoven performance
In order to ensure outreach to the widest possible range of beneficiaries, a database of interested performers and researchers will be maintained throughout the project. Regular email updates, for example, will keep subscribers informed about the project's latest progress and developments as well as the various research outcomes available on the web, including the various demonstrations and explanations provided to enable players to re-create 19th-century techniques and style. The impact of the project will sustain well beyond its funded duration, influencing research, training and professional performance in the field long into the foreseeable future and provide a sound base for re

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Claire Holden (2013) Original Vision in The Strad

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Project Reference Relationship Related To Start End Award Value
AH/H03353X/1 01/10/2010 31/07/2014 £193,151
AH/H03353X/2 Transfer AH/H03353X/1 01/10/2014 11/03/2016 £47,411
 
Title Cardiff University Concert Series 
Description Researched, rehearsed and performed a concert of Beethoven's chamber works in the Cardiff University concert series (April 2013) as well as presenting a pre-concert talk outlining the research involved in the performance. The concert was video recorded in order that the material to be used in the web resource. 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2013 
Impact This output was significant because of its impact on professional performers, scholars and the general public. The rehearsal (and performing) experience allowed myself and 4 other renowned professional musicians to explore the performative implications of historically evidenced scholarship in a non-commercial project. The pre-concert talk, the programme notes and the performance itself brought the research to the attention of the general public and because the concert was part of a university concert series it was also well attended by students and staff of the university including other notable figures in Historical Performance scholarship. The recording of the concert for use on the web resource of this fellowship will also ensure further impact to students and practitioners both in the UK and abroad 
 
Title Concert of Beethoven chamber works in the Music for Awhile series in Alton Barnes, Wiltshire 
Description This was a lecture recital of a shortened version of the program for the Cardiff University concert series 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2013 
Impact This extended the impact of the Cardiff University concert and brought the research to the attention of people living outside of major cities with no academic connections 
 
Description I discovered new insights into C19th string playing performance practices and developed methods of teaching those techniques to professional performers and conservatoire students
Exploitation Route They will be taken forward in the AHRC funded project 'Transforming C19th Historically Informed Performance'
Sectors Creative Economy,Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

 
Description The findings have been used by professional orchestras and taught in major European conservatoires
First Year Of Impact 2011
Sector Creative Economy,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic

 
Description CMPCP 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC)
Department AHRC Research Centre for Musical Performance as Creative Practice
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I presented a paper at the 2013 CMPCP conference and another paper for a CMPCP/IMR Research Seminar at Senate House
Collaborator Contribution I was invited to attend the 2013 and 2014 CMPCP conferences without paying the delegate fee.
Impact Paper for 2013 CMPCP conference Research seminar for CMPCP/IMR series 2014
Start Year 2010
 
Description Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment (Fellowship) 
Organisation Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution I have led workshops with professional performers in the orchestra and additionally with young professionals on the orchestra's apprenticeship scheme. I have presented pre-concert talks before concerts in the Queen Elizabeth and Royal Festical Halls as part of the orchestra's London concert series
Collaborator Contribution The orchestra has funded players to attend workshops I have given and has paid both me and other performers to participate in pre-concert events to disseminate the research of the fellowship. The orchestra has also used me for interviews with BBC Radio 3 before concerts which are broadcast. I have regualrly given lessons and provided advice to three of the orchestra's leaders on techniques and bowing in early 19th-century repertoire. I have also had discussions and provided written material on 19th-century style for conductors of the orchestra including Sir Mark Elder and Marin Alsop
Impact Pre-concert talk at Queen Elizabeth Hall Pre-concert talk at Royal Festival Hall Workshop with OAE professional players Workshop with OAE Academy young professionals BBC Radio 3 interview
Start Year 2010
 
Description Royal Academy of Music (Fellowship) 
Organisation Royal Academy of Music
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I have presented a number of workshops (5 to date) with postgraduate students on early 19th-century performance
Collaborator Contribution The Royal Academy of Music chose to extend the number of agreed workshops from the one that was originally planned to at least two workshops each year.
Impact 5 workshops with historical performance students
Start Year 2010
 
Description Advisor to OAE Beethoven project directed by Margaret Faultless and Robert Levin, contributed live discussion to 'The Works' concert at Queen Elizabeth Hall and provided bowing and style advice bith to the whole orchestra and the director 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The project involved several concerts including an OAE 'The Works' concert which expalins about the music to the audience. The main London concert at the Queen Elizabeth Hall was also broadcast on BBC Radio 3. Audiences and performers learned much about early C19 style. This project was notable for its use of historically evidential techniques and style. It was a rare opportunity for audiences to hear Beethoven symphonies self directed by performers rather than conducted. The parts used by performers were copies of the first edition parts I obtained from the British Library in a move away from Urtexts in line with current HIP scholarship

The discernible effect of the fellowship research was noticed by the arts critics of the national press; the Daily Telegraph's review of the Faultless/Levin Beethoven project remarked that 'the sense of a body of players keenly listening to each other was pleasurable in itself. It glowed even more brightly in the closing work, Beethoven's Eighth Symphony. This had a genial soft-edged quality, so much more winning than the pert, too-precise articulation that often marks "period-instrument" performances of this piece.' (Ivan Hewett, Daily Telegraph, 27 Nov 2013)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/music/classicalconcertreviews/10478828/Orchestra-of-the-Age-of-En...
 
Description BBC Proms broadcast pre-concert talk on Verdi and HIP 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Animated Q&A session, brought issues of C19 HIP and scholarship to the Proms Royal Albert Hall and Radio 3 audiences

raised the profile of the fellowship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b039c99s
 
Description Coaching project on Haydn with Symphonie Atlantique 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This project was to prepare the professional musicians of Symphonie Atlantique for public concerts and a CD recording of three Haydn Symphonies

The recording and concerts demonstrated greater historically fidelity than those currently available on period instruments and the research was disseminated both to the performers and through them to the public
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://symphonieatlantique.com/wp-content/uploads/Symphonie-Atlantique-2014-15.pdf
 
Description Coaching workshop University of Poitiers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I spent an afternoon coaching post-graduate students on Beethoven performance practices.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Conducted a workshop with the professional string players of the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment (OAE) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact One of the most significant outputs of this fellowship is the dissemination of the research to professional performers. The orchestra paid the players to attend and we examined early nineteenth-century bow strokes, developing skills initially with exercises from relevant treatises and then putting the strokes into context in passages from the Beethoven symphonies. The workshop increased understanding of C19 performance techniques and style and brought the fellowship research to a body of the world's leading HIP exponents

It changed the way a leading period orchestra approaches the performance of Beethoven and dramatically increased the skills of individual players in early C19 techniques.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Contributed to REACT app project on Beethoven 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact not known yet. App still in development
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.react-hub.org.uk/future-doc-sandbox/projects/2013/page-to-stage/journal/where-three-world...
 
Description DeNOTE Seminar at the IMR 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact A number of professional practitioners and academics and researchers attended the seminar.

The research presented in the seminar was cited in Nick Wilson's book The Art of Re-enchantment Making Early Music in the Modern Age (Oxford: Oxfrod University Press, 2013). I was invited back to present two more research papers for the IMR
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Devised and led workshops at the Royal Academy of Music (RAM) (April, May and November 2013 and February and November 2014) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact We have discussions, demonstrations and explore bow strokes and other techniques from the nineteenth century. Then we put techniques into context in rehearsal workshops on early C19 repertoire

Originally one workshop was planned but the RAM found them so valuable for the students that there have been 5 to date with more planned. These students are on the cusp of professional life and will go on to play for many of Europe's leading HIP ensembles
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Gave a day of public masterclasses on Beethoven and Schubert at the Universität der Künste, Berlin in the Kammermusiksaal Friedenau 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Many students were keen to be kept up to date of the fellowship research and were keen to discover more about the historically evidential characteristics of nineteenth century string playing

The day was a huge success. I worked with students from China, Russia and many EU countries and their teachers were in the audience. The research became known to a large number of world class performers of the future as well as several of the most esteemed professional players and teachers in Europe.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description One to one workshops with leaders of the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment (Alison Bury, Margaret Faultless and Kati Debrezeni 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshops on bowing and style withthe OAE orchetral leaders before patches of C19 repertoire increase not only their own knowledge and familiarity with C19 techniques but also enable them to convey those ideas to other section members and to interact with conductors to raise their awareness of HIP issues. The session help to develop a more research-led approach to the orchestra's performances of C19 repertoire

Increase in perfomer/conductor knowledge. More historically apposite decision making and performances that are more in line with HIP scholarship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013,2014
 
Description Presented a lecture 'RIP HIP?' in Cardiff University's John Bird Lecture series 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Brought the research to the attention of senior colleagues, post-graduate students and the public. There were lots of questions and discussion afterwards.

Raised the profile of the research and resulted in invitations to contribute to related modules and performance activities within the institution
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://www.cardiff.ac.uk/music/newsandevents/events/johnbirdlectures/archive/2012-2013.html
 
Description Presented a pre-concert talk at the Royal Festival Hall on Beethoven's Seventh Symphony 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact approx 150 people attended a pre-concert talk in the Royal Festival Hall before a major London concert by the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment and Semyon Bychov. The audience was mainly public going on to attend the concert but also a number of the performers (professional musicians) also attended. There was a lively discussion afterwards

The audience were more informed about recent scholarship relevant to the performance of Beethoven and the Orchestra's involvement with this AHRC fellowship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.southbankcentre.co.uk/whatson/orchestra-of-the-age-of-enlightenment-71360
 
Description Presented research seminar at the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama (RWCMD) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Lively discussion afterwards. Was invited to become invited to become Associate Examiner for historical performance

Established ties with postgraduate students, including PhD students in historical string playing. Built links between the University(academic focussed) and RWCMD (performance focussed) in Cardiff
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Public demonstration of early 19th-century Viennese bows at the Kunsthistoriches Museum, Vienna 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The demonstration sparked much animated discussion and many observers had never seen nineteenth-century bow strokes executed with different bows of the period. The activity also informed my own research as it was a unique opportunity to play with such a large number (30 plus) bows in their original playing condition (all the original curves of the bows were preserved (most historic bows have had the curve altered to enable off the string playing), some bows even had original hair)

I made contact with many practioners, instrument makers and academics who were keen to find out about the research and have further contact
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Public lecture and workshop for the Beethoven Festival of The Hague 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I gave a public lecture on arrangements Beethoven's music by himself and his contemporaries, and conducted a workshop with postgraduate student performers of the Royal Conservatoire of The Hague. The event formed part of the Beethoven Festival of The Hague 2018. About 70 people were present and there was a lively discussion session after the workshop and a panel discussion with other leading historically informed performers (Rachel Beesley and Bart van Oort).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://allevents.in/the%20hague/beethoven-arranged-a-lecture-by-claire-holden-u-of-oxford/200026172...
 
Description Radio 3 Live in Concert interview before the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment concert of Beethoven and Schubert conducted by Semyon Bychkov 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Helped a non-specialist audience engage with the performance and understand the role of performance-led scholarship

Raised profile of fellowship and brought early C19 HIP issues to wider audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Radio 3 Music Matters interview on period performance of Verdi 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact As a result I was asked to do a pre-concert Proms talk for Radio 3

Increased public awareness of C19 HIP issues and of the fellowship research
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Research seminar: 'The Long and Short of it: a reinterpretation of articulation in Beethoven', Canterbury Christ Church University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards

led to resquests for previous research outputs (papers etc) from students and staff. Raised understanding of performative issues in HIP scholarship
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Seminar University of Poitiers 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A research seminar at the University of Poitiers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Study day: 'Open Strings Open Minds'. A performance of Beethoven Op. 12 No.1 (with John Irving) and research seminar, Guildhall School of Music and Drama 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Was invited back to the Guildhall to provide workshop on C19 HIP with historical performance students

Bulit network connections with other HIP scholars and professional performers. Increased knowledge of C19 historical style
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://music.sas.ac.uk/training/imr-research-training
 
Description Two day coaching project with professional orchestra Symphonie Atlantique in Den Haag, Netherlands 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshops and rehearsals led to a public concert in the Hague of a self directed programme of Beethoven (including Symphomy No. 7)

The players were extremely enthusiastic and the research was disseminated to a large number of very talented young professionals. The public in Den Haag heard 19th-century techniques and stylistic charateristics which are in line with current scholarship for the first time.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL http://symphonieatlantique.com/wp-content/uploads/Symphonie-Atlantique-2014-15.pdf
 
Description Week of coaching at the Jeune Orchestre de l'Abbaye aux Dames, Saintes, France 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I spent a week coaching post-graduate students and young professionals from Europe and Brazil on early C19th French orchestral repertoire and string chamber music repertoire.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.abbayeauxdames.org/agenda-joa/evenements/stage-musique-de-chambre/
 
Description post-concert interview Queen Elizabeth Hall London (following concert by OAE) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Very animated Q&A

Greater audience awareness of C19 HIP issues
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description post-concert interview Royal Festival Hall following OAE concert of Onslow and Beethoven 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact much discussion afterwards including with a group of Greek post-graduate students who had come to London especially to hear the concert

Raised audience awareness of C19 HIP issues
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description • Led a research day at the University of Paris, Sorbonne working in the morning with PhD candidates preparing for their defense, and the afternoon giving a public lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The morning session with the PhD candidates led to a lot of discussion and plans for future collaborations. The afternoon session (public lecture) led to a long discussion session and a number of enquiries for more information on other aspects of the fellowship research

I established a network of connections with French practitioner/scholars
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description • Presented a pre-concert talk at the Queen Elizabeth Hall on early nineteenth-century chamber music arrangements of Beethoven 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact This was a pre-concert talk at the Queen Elizabeth Hall and involved a chamber performance as part of the research dissemination as well as a public talk. The string principals of the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment were on stage and we performed extracts of early 19th-century chamber arrangements of symphonic and piano works by Beethoven to illustrate the talk. There was an extremely lively discussion afterwards in a Q&A session with the audience.

The audience for the main OAE concert after the talk had a new persepctive on the music being performed. Very few members of the audience were aware of the existence of these contemporary chamber arrangements and the cultural and social function that they served. It also challenged the audience's perceptions of historical performance being confined to texts that stem from the composer.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description • Presented a seminar 'Articulation and Legato in Beethoven's string writing' in the CMPCP/IMR Performance Research series at Senate House, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact lengthy and animated discussion session. Several requests for more information and future contact

I was invited to advise the Fitzwilliam String Quartet on performing Beethoven Op.59. Strengthend ties with CMPCP
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.cmpcp.ac.uk/imr2014.html