Medieval Francophone Literary Culture Outside France

Lead Research Organisation: King's College London
Department Name: French

Abstract

Medievalists are well aware that French was used widely outside French-speaking areas of the kingdom of France throughout the high Middle Ages. Texts in French were widely disseminated and there were substantial indigenous francophone textual traditions outside the borders of France. However, the agendas set by 19th-c. nationalist literary historians have proved tenacious and if some areas of francophone literary culture outside France, principally Anglo-Norman, have been the subject of sustained research, the 'Frenchness' of texts written in French has in practice rarely been questioned. As a result, the nature and extent of the dissemination of French culture and francophone literary traditions outside France remains under-researched and imprecisely calibrated. Furthermore, texts transmitted in 'non-standard' forms of French have often been dismissed as flawed or bowdlerized, unworthy of attention.

This project proposes an investigation of medieval francophone literary culture that will be centred not on France but rather on two important axes of transmission of francophone textual culture: one that goes from England across Flanders, to Burgundy and beyond; another across the Alps to Northern Italy and then out into the Mediterranean and further afield to Cyprus and the Levant. Paris contributes to these axes, but does not necessarily stand at their centre. Rather than considering simply where texts come from and their earliest form, we will investigate where they go: when, in what form and why they travel. The provenance of manuscripts is rarely studied systematically (often simply not noted in catalogues or critical editions), so that in many instances a manuscript with texts in French is implicitly assumed to be 'French', without the value of the term being considered. Yet it is clear that a substantial proportion of surviving manuscripts for some widely disseminated medieval texts in French comes from outside France. The extent of the phenomenon is unknown, and this is precisely what we will endeavour to establish.

The project focuses upon 6 major francophone textual traditions from the 12th and 13th c. that have a pan-European dissemination in the 13th and 14th c., as well as strong legacies of translations/adaptations in other languages: the Roman d'Alexandre, the Roman de Troie, the Lancelot and Tristan en prose, the Roman de la Rose and Brunetto Latini's Trésor. Our aim is to map, insofar and as accurately as is possible, the dissemination of these texts by determining the provenance of surviving manuscripts, and their trajectory. Because traditional scholarship has been largely concerned with the establishment of authoritative 'originals' and generally been less interested in what becomes of texts as they are transmitted, this new research will reveal a considerable body of hitherto occluded data on the dissemination of francophone literary culture.

Our first aim is to provide solid empirical data on the dissemination of these texts through time and space. Using this empirical data, the project team will address a series of more speculative questions concerning the use of French as a marker of cultural identity outside France.

1) In what social and cultural milieus were francophone texts composed and disseminated outside France?
2) Is there a transnational francophone literary culture, and how does it vary?
3) Does the focus and form of medieval francophone literary texts change as they migrate?
4) Do sites of production and transmission outside France influence literary traditions in France?
5) Does literary French imply a cultural identity? If so, is this necessarily associated with France?
6) Should cultural identities be reconceived as mobile, produced by movement as much as by place?
7) What is the cultural freight of non-standard and hybrid forms of French?
8) How do non-standard forms influence our understanding of what French is? 9) Are there implications for literary history?

Planned Impact

Who will benefit from this research? The most immediate impact will be on researchers in the field of medieval literature and postcolonial theory (outlined in detail in the Academic Beneficiaries section) but we do not intend this to be our only public. We are also committed to ensuring that the findings of the project reach an interested but non-academic public, including university-bound sixth-formers, school children at key stages 2-5, and adults curious about early British, French, Italian, Dutch and Mediterranean texts and travel.

How will these individuals benefit from this research? We intend to tap into the schools' curricula in teaching European history and medieval English Literature, particularly Chaucer, in order to exploit links between this curricular material and our own findings. Particular attention will be paid to the notion of national or cultural ownership of literary texts or the claim of cultural foundational status for literary texts and manuscripts based on the language in which they were composed or the libraries that have held them. A planned exhibit at Cambridge University Library will serve as a fulcrum from which to present our manuscripts themselves (or representative copies held within the Cambridge University and College libraries) and the conclusions we reach on medieval travel and its implications for notions of identity. We will display and explain the importance of these six (or perhaps more) manuscripts and offer hands-on training on how books were made in Middle Ages, both physically---through examining the materials from which manuscripts were made---and intellectually---how diverse texts were combined, laid out on parchment, and interrelated through rubrics and commentary. The University Library has responded positively to our proposal, providing us with practical suggestions on display and publishing and offering an estimate of costing. They have agreed in principle to co-sponsor such an interactive exhibition, open to the public, in the spring of 2014. We will publicize this exhibition vigorously in the schools and encourage teachers to bring their students for educational trips that will include specialist explanation of the material and hands-on workshops on creating facsimile manuscripts.

How will we ensure that they benefit? By a) conducting such age-appropriate demonstrations ourselves and training others to do so; b) engaging a manuscript specialist to assist us in developing these workshops for school groups and adult participants; c) present public lectures at the Cambridge Festival of Ideas (open to the public) and the Bloomsbury Festival on the theoretical and material aspects of the project: what we found, where we found it, and the implications that these findings have for remapping medieval literature as implicated in topics of travel, hybridity and exchange; d) present and sponsor student groups under the aegis of such established outreach activities as University Open Days, the Sutton Trust summer study days for disadvantage students and the Villiers Trust's week-long workshops on French studies for gifted and talented students, fifty percent of whom will also include students from disadvantaged backgrounds; e) exploit established links between Cambridge University, UCL and King's College London and schools with which they have formed admissions partnerships; f) sponsor a postgraduate workshop on the topic as a prelude to both of our international conferences; and g) present our findings on radio or television as part of a larger discussion of identity, national and ethnic, and the mutability of such categories; medieval travel and trade; and the question of whether language is necessarily a marker of cultural identity.

Publications

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Gaunt, S. (2013) Genres in Motion: Rereading the Grundriss 40 years on in Medioevo Romanzo

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Gilbert, J. (2016) Europe: a Literary History

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Morato N (2016) The Continuations of Guiron le Courtois : A Recent Edition in the Light of Current Research in Journal of the International Arthurian Society

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Morato, N. (2014) FRENCH TEXTS IN MEDIEVAL CAMBRIDGE in News from the Peterhouse Perne and Ward Libraries

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Morato, N. (2013) La scomparsa delle donne e la gollia degli eroi in Stilistica e metrica italiana

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Schoenaers, D. (2015) Introduction in Queeste

 
Title The Moving Word: French Medieval Manuscripts in Cambridge 
Description An exhibition of c. 50 medieval manuscripts exploring the dissemination of knowledge in manuscript form across Europe and the international status of the French language during the later Middle Ages. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact 14005 visitors to the Milstein Exhibition Centre between 02/01/2014 and 17/04/2014 (there was no exhibition on in January before Moving Word). Monthly visitor numbers for January to April exceeded the average monthly figure for the last decade (3181, excl. 2010-2011), most notably in March, when 4020 visitors were recorded. The exhibition received a good deal of press coverage, which is recorded elsewhere. We also conducted a series of school visits. 
URL https://exhibitions.lib.cam.ac.uk/moving-word/
 
Description We have significantly enhanced our knowledge of the transmission of medieval texts in French outside France. We have also significantly contributed to thinking about medieval cultural networks and the role of supralocal languages such as French in this.

Throughout the grant we worked closely with graduate students and undergraduates, giving them practical training in working with manuscripts.

Our British Library blog posts and our exhibition in Cambridge University Library reached a very wide audience.

The jointly authored academic monograph resulting from the project is under contract with Oxford University Press, will be submitted in March 2019 and should appear in 2020.

The collection of essays resulting from our two conferences (572 pp) was published by Brepols at the end of 2018.
Exploitation Route Our on-line database is a research tool we expect to be used by a wide range of scholars, students, and potentially artists. We are still in discussion about linking the databases to other on-line resources and the technology that was developed for it on other projects.
Sectors Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL http://www.medievalfrancophone.ac.uk/
 
Description The following are impacts associated with The Moving Word Exhibition: 1. Private instructional viewing for 15 prospective undergraduate students visiting Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge. 2. Private instructional viewing for 15 prospective undergraduate students visiting Magdalene College, Cambridge. 3. Interview with TV5 about the project exhibition Interview with TV5 about the project's exhibition 4. Article on the highlights of the Moving Word exhibition. Article on the highlights of the Moving Word exhibition: http://www.tv5.org/cms/chaine-francophone/info/Les-dossiers-de-la-redaction/Francophonie/p-27346-Quand-le-francais-etait-universel.htm 5. Article on the Moving Word exhibition, focusing on the Maniere de language, a 14th-century text book for learning French. Article on the Moving Word exhibition, focusing on the Maniere de language, a 14th-century text book for learning French: http://quebec.huffingtonpost.ca/2014/01/25/merdous-garon-un-guid_n_4663511.html 6. Brief news item on the Moving Word exhibition, focusing on the work of Italian philologist Gianfranco Contini. Brief news item on the Moving Word exhibition, focusing on the work of Italian philologist Gianfranco Contini: http://www.fefonlus.it/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=424:contini-a-cambridge&Itemid=1256?=it. 7. Article on the Moving Word exhibition, focusing, again, on the Maniere de language. Article on the Moving Word exhibition, focusing, again, on the Maniere de language: http://culturebox.francetvinfo.fr/limpact-du-francais-medieval-sur-langleterre-une-expo-a-cambridge-148559 8. Workshops and visits to King's College and the Moving Word exhibition for c. 60 Year 6 pupils at Ravenswood Community Primary School, Ipswich. Workshops and visits to King's College and the Moving Word exhibition for c. 60 Year 6 pupils at Ravenswood Community Primary School, Ipswich. Feedback from Year 6 teacher: 'What a fantastic day; a brilliant opportunity for our pupils to experience university life. The trip was special and the children are still talking about it.' 9. Article on the Moving Word exhibition, featuring an interview with Bill Burgwinkle. Article on the Moving Word exhibition, featuring an interview with Bill Burgwinkle: http://www.heritagedaily.com/2014/01/how-the-french-language-circulated-in-britain-and-medieval-europe/100999 10. Radio programme featuring Simon Gaunt in 2016: http://www.cbc.ca/radio/ideas/making-marco-polo-1.3412051 The project's impact is part of an Impact Case Study being submitted by King's College London (sub-panel 26) in REF 2021. In a testimonial produced by the Cambridge University Library for this ICS, it was stated that The Moving Word exhibition 'stimulated inter-institutional co-operation' by demonstrating to CUL and Cambridge college libraries 'the sometimes overlooked richness of the Cambridge College collections'). As the testimonial also states, the exhibition helped pioneer the use of digital platforms to create global audiences for local exhibitions and the involvement of ECRs in the curation process as part of their training. Both approaches were subsequently adopted as good practice, while 'the scholarly methodology promulgated by the project enabled the staff of the Department of Manuscripts to find new ways of appraising the Library's collections'. The ICS also demonstrated impact based on the use of our website. As of 30 November 2020, www.medievalfrancophone.ac.uk (launched 2015) records a total of 9,840 users, 15,692 sessions, 49.692 page views, with an average of 3.16 views per session and a bounce rate of 58.52% (figures from 5.4.2). Although traffic on the site peaked in Nov 2015, the site is still visited by on average by an average of 249 viewers per month. The site records users from over 100 countries, with most in the UK (2,263 = 23%), US (1,718 = 17.5%), Italy (1,121 = 11.39%), and France (718 = 7.3%). 31.63% of users consult the site directly, with others navigating to the site via search engines (52.13%), social media (2.16%), or referral from other sites (21.2%). Although it is not possible to calibrate this precisely, these statistics imply a significant audience of non-academic users, suggesting reach due to an interest in the topic Google analytics suggests a bounce rate of 26-40% is excellent for all sites, with 41-55% average, 56-69% higher than average, over 70% poor. Bounce rates of 58.52% and 54.91% for academic sites are exceptionally good: 50% of users are navigating around the sites. The MFLCOF website will be maintained and remain fully functional until 2024.
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Education,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural

 
Title Medieval Francophone Literary Culture outside France 
Description Database offers codicological and textual information relating to c. 600 medieval manuscripts with material in French. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The database went fully live in January 2015, but is already eliciting significant interest. Data input is still ongoing. 
URL http://www.medievalfrancophone.ac.uk/
 
Description British Library 
Organisation The British Library
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We used part of our digitisation budget to pay for the digitisation of whole manuscripts, offsetting the cost of this against the BL waiving reproduction fees. We produced blog entries for the BL about these MSS. The BL are listed on our website as a project partner.
Collaborator Contribution See above.
Impact Blog entries: http://britishlibrary.typepad.co.uk/digitisedmanuscripts/2015/08/the-french-language-runs-throughout-the-world.html http://britishlibrary.typepad.co.uk/digitisedmanuscripts/2015/08/the-histoire-ancienne-jusqu%C3%A0-c%C3%A9sar-a-flemish-chronicle-gone-viral.html http://britishlibrary.typepad.co.uk/digitisedmanuscripts/2015/08/when-tristan-met-lancelot.html
Start Year 2015
 
Description "Langue franceise cort parmi le monde" : French language and cultural identity in medieval Italy (Simon Gaunt) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presented some key ideas from the project

Much interest expressed in the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description A history of translation in the Low Countries: An outline for the medieval period (Dirk Schoenaers) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact This presentation at a University of London seminar drew on some of the project's key findings

Audience gained new information and were exposed top new ideas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Amour de loin in Italy: Occitan and Italian lyric themes (Catherine Keen) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper in seminar series sponsored by project

Paper in seminar series sponsored by project; attendance = 16
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Applying new digital methods to the Humanities (Jane Gilbert and Paul Vetch) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presented technical and implementation issues for the digital side of the project.

Shared information.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://dhcrowdscribe.com/london-workshop/
 
Description British Library blog post 2 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact British library blog post following collaboration:

http://britishlibrary.typepad.co.uk/digitisedmanuscripts/2015/08/the-histoire-ancienne-jusqu%C3%A0-c%C3%A9sar-a-flemish-chronicle-gone-viral.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description British Library blog post 2 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact British library blog post following collaboration:

http://britishlibrary.typepad.co.uk/digitisedmanuscripts/2015/08/the-histoire-ancienne-jusqu%C3%A0-c%C3%A9sar-a-flemish-chronicle-gone-viral.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://britishlibrary.typepad.co.uk/digitisedmanuscripts/2015/08/the-histoire-ancienne-jusqu%C3%A0-c...
 
Description British Library blog post 3 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog post by Huw Grange following collaboration with British Library.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://britishlibrary.typepad.co.uk/digitisedmanuscripts/2015/08/when-tristan-met-lancelot.html
 
Description British library blog post 1 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact British library blog post by Simon Gaunt and Nicola Morato following collaboration:

http://britishlibrary.typepad.co.uk/digitisedmanuscripts/2015/08/the-french-language-runs-throughout-the-world.html
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://britishlibrary.typepad.co.uk/digitisedmanuscripts/2015/08/the-french-language-runs-throughout...
 
Description French Abroad in the Middle Ages, presentation by Simon Gaunt at the University of Bristol 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presents key ideas from the project

Audience exposed to new information and new ideas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description French Literature Abroad: towards a new literary history of medieval French 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Named invited lecture at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, focussed entirely on the project findings. 60+ people attended.

Audience responded very favourably to the lecture's arguments.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Global Middle Ages 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper on 'Il medioevo globale e lo studio dell'antico francese nel XXI secolo' to an international audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Greek Myths? From Danny Boyle to Benoit de Sainte-Maure (Jane Gilbert) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Plenary paper at conference disseminating findings on one of the projects key texts.

Audience exposed to new information and new ideas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description I copisti francesi di Genova e di Pisa (Fabrizio Cigni) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Contribution to project seminar

32 people attended
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Langtoft's Chronicle: Multilingualism of the Other (Jane Gilbert) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Colleagues and postgraduate students were presented with new ideas at this seminar paper given in the University of Cambridgeg CRASSH.

Colleagues and postgraduate students were presented with new ideas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Legendary Histories, lecture by Jane Gilbert 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Final-year lecture-seminar course, Department of French, UCL. 20h teaching. Exploring project themes in some of project's key texts.

Education.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Medieval Francophone Literary Culture outside France, panel at University of Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Presentation of the project's findings so far

Audience gained new information, derived from the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Mediterranean manuscripts: history and Actor Network Theory in the Histoire ancienne and Prose Tristan (Bill Burgwinkle) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper based on the project findings to postgraduate students at UCLA.

Graduate students in different disciplines were exposed to new ideas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Mediterranean manuscripts: history and Actor Network Theory in the Histoire ancienne and Prose Tristan (Bill Burgwinkle) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper based on the project findings to postgraduate students at UCLA.

Graduate students in different disciplines were exposed to new ideas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Outside France? Hainault Connections (Jean de le Mote and Jean de Werchin), seminar paper at Edinburgh University by Jane Gilbert 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Seminar paper at the University of Edinburgh by Jane Gilbert focusing on one of the key regions for the project.

Audience gained new information and as a result new ideas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Poetic capital in translation: from Amé de Montgesoie's Pas de la Mort to Colijn Caillieu's Dal sonder Wederkeeren (Adrian Armstrong) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Third seminar in the project's 2012/13 series in KCL

Audience exposed to new information and new ideas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Rethinking Medieval European Literature 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Participants in this interdisciplinary workshop in Les Treilles, France, were presented with project's main findings and ideas.

This workshop greatly enhanced interdisciplinary exchange.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.les-treilles.com/?p=3517
 
Description Seeing the larger picture? Writing vernacular world history in 1209 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public lecture at UCLA based on project findings.

Public were presented with new information and new ideas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Séminaire de recherche approfondie en langue et littérature médiévales II (Nicola Morato) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Nicola Morato taught a graduate seminar in the University of Liège based on the project findings.

Graduate students were presented with the project's fundings and key ideas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://progcours.ulg.ac.be/cocoon/cours/LROM0162-1.html
 
Description The Languages of Medical writing in Medieval England (seminar paper by Tony Hunt) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact First seminar in project's 2012-13 series in KCL.

Positive audience response to extremely erudite seminar paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description The Moving Word: French Medieval Manuscripts in Cambridge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Virtual exhibition accompanying the physical exhibition, with video introductions, behind the scenes features, and information on contributors.

Virtual exhibition accompanying physical exhibition
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description The Ring of Hope. Guillaume de Machaut's 'Remède de Fortune' and the reception of French literature in the Low Countries in the 2nd half of the 14th century (Remco Sleiderink) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Paper in the project's London seminar series

This paper was attended by 32 people. Audience exposed to new information and new ideas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description The thing is (Jane Gilbert) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact UCL outreach event called 'The thing is ...' at the National History Museum, as part of Universities week. CI presented genealogy rolls and fielded questions from the public.

Public awareness increased.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Tracing origins: routes and rivers (Jane Gilbert) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public engagement event at which findings of the conference were presented

A public event on research for school children, teachers and the general public in which one of our CIs participated to speak about our project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ucl.ac.uk/selcs/news-and-events/cafe-culture-series/roots-and-rivers
 
Description Translation Zones: Language and Conflict in Langtoft's Chronicle (Jane Gilbert) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Seminar papers for the Universities of York and Southern Denmark, with video link.

Colleagues were presented with main project findings and ideas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.sdu.dk/en/Om_SDU/Institutter_centre/C_cml/Calendar
 
Description Tristan nestled in multiple networks, paper by Bill Burgwinkle 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper on the international dissemination of one of our key project texts in King's College London

Audience exposed to new information and new ideas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Trojan Futures: the Fall of Troy and Robert of Anjou, King of Naples (Marilynn Desmond) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Second seminar in project's 2012-13 series in KCL

Audience exposed to new information and new ideas.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012