Scrambled Messages: The Telegraphic Imaginary 1857-1900

Lead Research Organisation: Courtauld Institute Of Art
Department Name: Academic Faculty

Abstract

Between 1857 and 1866 the public's attention was caught by the drama of the repeated attempts to lay a submarine cable across the Atlantic for the transmission of telegraphic messages. Over subsequent decades, a range of technical constraints led to concerted scientific endeavour to overcome obstacles in the sending of messages electronically. This project draws on discussions of twenty-first century digital culture and its limit points to establish why it is that the scrambling of messages was as significant for Victorian culture at large as the sending of flawless messages. It is our hypothesis that pleasures and excitements produced by the new technology were productive of new cultural forms in literary writing and fine art. These cultural forms adopt at one and the same time the emotional repertoire proper to heedless, abstract technophilia and that associated with an uneasy recognition of recalcitrant materiality.

The enquiry will move between material objects and conceptual ideas. We will ask what were the particular practices and sensations generated by telegraphic communication. We will ask what was the range of British public commentary and graphic imagery produced in response to the drama and developing technology associated with the telegraph. A doctoral study on Victorian illustration and graphic reportage (embedded in the research project) will lend a specific dimension to our engagement with issues of news, and information. A second embedded doctoral study on the short story will address general questions of abbreviation and seriality. In addition to the public commentary on science and communications technology the project will work with scientific papers, the principles and forms of the instruments used for telegraphy and the scientific investigations that drove telegraphy. The project will transform the cataloguing and web presentation of the Wheatstone Collection of scientific papers and instruments held by KCL. Wheatstone (1802-1875) was a pioneer in the technologies of the telegraph. We will consider apparatus and instruments such as the induction relay, galvanometers, voltaic batteries and telegraph transmitters and receivers, and indeed the armoured cable itself in terms of their functions and materials. We will draw on archival materials associated with the development of the telegraph. The problems exercising inventors and technicians will offer us sets of opposing terms with which to look into Victorian culture such as proximity/distance and conductivity/impedence.

We will ask whether the artistic form itself is subject to some of the processes and parameters that we have identified by means of key terms. What would compression, stretchiness or splicing, for instance, mean in the case of the novel or in the case of the short story? What would sequence, seriality or heat production mean in the case of mythological painting or landscape examples? We will approach the turn to the ornamental in late Victorian art asking whether it can be taken as evidence of a new logic of seriality predicated on the one-message-at-a time capability of the telegraph. Is the possibility of sequential encryption and decryption routinely adopted in telegraph-age literary and artistic culture? A focus on the associations and imaginings attendant on the telegraph will make it possible for us as scholars to acknowledge genre distinctions and attend to the specificities of different media and audiences but at the same time to develop interdisciplinary arguments of broad significance about Victorian culture.

Planned Impact

This interdisciplinary project on science in culture will bring together a number of relatively distinct constituencies, from those with an interest in the history of communications technologies or maritime history to those with an interest in Victorian literature and art. In every case there are bridges to be built between the academic specialists and the lay enthusiasts some of whom bring formidable levels of expertise to their participation. Involving the public at all stages will sophisticate our understanding of the issues and bring key ideas from the research to these publics. We will find non-academic participants through special interest groups both local and national, for e.g. local networks on telegraphy through the Institution of Engineering and Technology; the Science Museum London and the Museum of Science and Industry, Manchester; art and literature enthusiasts through the William Morris Society (UK and USA); the Friends of the Watts Gallery; the Trollope Society; the Kipling Society.

A public symposium and an international conference at The Courtauld Institute for academics, students, school students, and interested members of the public will be publicized through the Courtauld Research Forum which has staff dedicated to outreach. The KCL partnership with the Times Cheltenham Science Festival and the Times Cheltenham Literary Festival will offer opportunities for the presentation of aspects of the research to engaged festival-going publics. We plan visits to each of these festivals at a mid-point in the research project.

The project includes an exhibition which will present ideas and links emerging from the research to a London exhibition-going public in a venue where the cross-links of art and science are regularly addressed. We are presenting a proposal for this exhibition to the National Maritime Museum and to the Wellcome Institute having instituted discussion with each. At the Wellcome it may be possible to mount an exhibition where one section of the exhibition relates to space, time, the body, and coding in a Victorian context and another section approaches these issues in relation to contemporary art and science. Whether at the Wellcome or at the NMM we will introduce an audioguide and use music, referencing Wheatstone's concertina, as one element of the experience (aiming to reinforce the argument about the somatic through the somatic aspects of the music); this will attract media interest. These venues have been selected on the basis of their strong records of focused exhibitions offered to a broad public where detailed historical investigations, complex ideas relating to the history of science and visual and aesthetic issues can be presented to visitors including school students, tourists from the UK and abroad, technophiles and consumers of culture spanning a wide age range. A messaging aspect of the exhibition (chance to take away a coded message on a paper strip) and interactive elements in the website will appeal especially to a media-conscious younger audience (from age 10-30). The strong awareness of C21st communications technologies among the younger age group offers us opportunities for serious engagement. Any exhibition webmaterials hosted by the exhibiting institution will be cross-linked to the project website designed and maintained by Department of Digital Humanities KCL and crosslinked to The Courtauld Institute's Research Forum website. A teacher resource (key stages 2 to 3) will be downloadable from the project website. Material relating to the exhibition will be incorporated into the project website which will include the enhanced web presentation of the Wheatstone collection. We seek to communicate effectively with the coming generation of scholars and enthusiasts with material that speaks to and builds on their global frameworks (and possibly abstract, theoretical assumptions) challenging them with a set of historical specifics.
 
Title Bridarolli, A. 'The Great Grammatizator' machine built for the Victorians Decoded: Art and Telegraphy exhibition 
Description Alexandra Bridarolli was the winner of a student competition to design a machine for the Victorians Decoded exhibition. Her winning entry, The Great Grammatizator was inspired by the machine of the same name from one of Roald Dahl's short stories Someone Like You. Based on the idea that human concepts and ideas are based on mechanical, mathematical principles (like music), the device produces self-constructed messages using a database of words. The messages have the structure of an Exquisite Corpse (from the French Cadaver Exquis), a creative method to produce sentences devised by the surrealists in 1918. As in the original game the message is a collaborative form of poetry produced between the device and the public. 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact People were instantly drawn to this interactive aspect of the exhibition. Pulling handles and pushing levels created an emotional interaction, acting as a catylist for visitors to talk to each other about their various poetic messages. Many of these talks developed into discussions of the exhibition themes more generally. 
URL http://www.instituteofmaking.org.uk/blog/2016/05/the-great-grammatizator
 
Title Victorians Decoded Photography competition 
Description Scrambled Messages ran a photography Competition to coincide with Victorians Decoded exhibition. Audience was schools and colleges. Participants were GCSE and A-level photography or art students, who submitted photographs to the competition to engage with the themes of the exhibition. Winning entries are displayed on the project website. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact The entries showed engagement with the project's themes. They had to submit a paragraph about their work which further demonstrated their engagement with the exhibition's themes. One teacher reported by email that 'we are so glad to have been part of the competition'. 
URL http://www.scrambledmessages.ac.uk/blog/and-winner/
 
Description We find that telegraphic processes, materials and technologies inform the Victorian cultural imagination.
Exploitation Route Our project is near conclusion. We have met our objectives for the project. Our interdisciplinary methods will be of interest to other science and culture researchers. Our exhibition opening September 2016 presented a range of findings. Artists working with the interface of science and culture have taken an interest in our work. We have completed a set of primary and secondary educational resources (accessible from our website
Sectors Creative Economy,Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL http://www.scrambledmessages.ac.uk/
 
Description we have reached out to various constituencies listed in detail in our many Engagement Activites.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Creative Economy,Education
Impact Types Cultural

 
Description Gladstone's Library Scholarships
Amount £441 (GBP)
Organisation Gladstone's Library 
Sector Academic/University
Country Unknown
Start 03/2016 
End 03/2016
 
Title The Institute of Making 
Description The Institute of Making contains a materials library and a workshop. The materials library contains more than a thousand material samples. Some are exotic, such as aerogel, uranium glass or self-healing concrete, but the vast majority are the materials used in everyday practice and in manufacturing around the world. Our Institute also contains a fully kitted-out workshop containing a laser cutter, milling machine, kiln, kitchen, 3D printer, sewing machines etc. We do not have every tool, but we but we aim to provide a representative sample of different making techniques. Our aim is to create a workshop where you use the materials discovered in the library to prototype ideas or explore how they behave when processed in different ways to better understand their affordances. Together, these two resources and the connection between them create the right environment where complex problems that sit outside the traditional boundaries of any one discipline can be addressed. The hands-on testing of existing material objects and processes, an exploration of the Materials Library and the construction of prototypes all become part of the thinking process. This is problem-solving by doing: not because theory is irrelevant to tackling complex problems, but because making stuff stimulates a different set of ideas and a creative approach. 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Year Produced 2013 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact A fundamental change in the materials research culture of the UK, and increasingly internationally, to focus as much on hands-on experimentation as a method of building interdisciplinary research teams and projects. 
URL http://www.instituteofmaking.org.uk
 
Description Multi-project ECR Works in Progress symposium (Scrambled Messages, Constructing Scientific Communities, Diseases of Modern Life, and Music in London, 1800-1851) 
Organisation King's College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I organised and multi project ECR work in progress symposium with Dr Melissa Dickson from Disease of Modern Life. Project members presented at and responded to the Work in Progress papers given. The responses and discussion contributed to the development of the work of the ECR presenters at the symposium.
Collaborator Contribution Members of our partner projects presented at and responded to the Work in Progress papers given. The responses and discussion contributed to the development of the work of the ECR presenters at the symposium.
Impact The responses and discussion contributed to the development of the work of the ECR presenters at the symposium, including their theses and articles.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Multi-project ECR Works in Progress symposium (Scrambled Messages, Constructing Scientific Communities, Diseases of Modern Life, and Music in London, 1800-1851) 
Organisation University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I organised and multi project ECR work in progress symposium with Dr Melissa Dickson from Disease of Modern Life. Project members presented at and responded to the Work in Progress papers given. The responses and discussion contributed to the development of the work of the ECR presenters at the symposium.
Collaborator Contribution Members of our partner projects presented at and responded to the Work in Progress papers given. The responses and discussion contributed to the development of the work of the ECR presenters at the symposium.
Impact The responses and discussion contributed to the development of the work of the ECR presenters at the symposium, including their theses and articles.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Multi-project ECR Works in Progress symposium (Scrambled Messages, Constructing Scientific Communities, Diseases of Modern Life, and Music in London, 1800-1851) 
Organisation University of Oxford
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I organised and multi project ECR work in progress symposium with Dr Melissa Dickson from Disease of Modern Life. Project members presented at and responded to the Work in Progress papers given. The responses and discussion contributed to the development of the work of the ECR presenters at the symposium.
Collaborator Contribution Members of our partner projects presented at and responded to the Work in Progress papers given. The responses and discussion contributed to the development of the work of the ECR presenters at the symposium.
Impact The responses and discussion contributed to the development of the work of the ECR presenters at the symposium, including their theses and articles.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Mounting of exhibition at Guildhall Art Gallery curated by PI Arscott and CI Pettitt 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Exhibition Victorians Decoded: Art and Telegraphy held at The Guildhall Art Gallery, London, from 20th September 2016 to 22nd January 2017. This was a major outcome of our Research Project. The aim was to develop arguments about the cultural impact of the new technology associated with the telegraph by means of a scholarly exhibition and to communicate this research and thinking to the broadest possible public. Fine-art material and history-of- science material (paintings, illustration, charts, instruments, archival and printed material) was displayed. An interactive machine was installed, designed and built by the winner of a competition organised by the project. The exhibition was supported by free online scholarly catalogue. Curator talks, student group visits and schools activities including a photography competition and a takeover day were organised. A two-day international conference Coding and Representation based around the exhibition's themes was organised to coincide with the end of the exhibition. Exhibition was open free to the public in a central London venue. Total visits: 28,458. In October 2016: 7,749
Comments included 'it leaves an impression that is quite hard to define. The art is particularly moving and the scale of the original telecommunications process makes one feel small yet connected to mankind.'
'The juxtaposition of the equipment and engineering objects with the thematic groups of paintings is really surprising and illuminating.'
'It has made me think about how the technology and implications has affected Victorian art.'
'Maps and examples of networks made me reflect on current global communications networks.
'The exhibition introduced me to art and artists that I had little or no knowledge of. the links made between art and science within this exhibition are imaginative and provocative.'
Comments left on visitor feedback forms in the exhibition.
'Far from "Scrambled Messages", the exhibition succeeds in clearly communicating intricate arguments about the resonances of cable technology throughout Victorian art, and posits new ways of thinking about the relationship between technology and culture: not as one of direct, telegraphic transmissions, but rather encouraging us to read for subtler currents of influence permeating through the Victorian imagination in richly inventive ways." Charlotte Mathieson, Review in Journal of Victorian Culture (2017).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
URL http://www.scrambledmessages.ac.uk/scrambled-messages-events/
 
Description Paper on Albert Moore 'The Thickness of the Present' at Clark Colloquium, by PI Arscott 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact 26-28 February 2014, Clark Colloquium, Williamstown, USA, 'Does History Still Matter?', presented paper on Albert Moore 'The Thickness of the Present'. This was a closed symposium for advanced scholars from USA and UK. It was designed to advance thinking on questions of art historical method. My paper on Victorian scientific concepts of time (referencing in particular geology and biology and considering ideas of storage explored in our Research Project) and ideas of time in Victorian art was well received, led to intensive discussion and has directly led to an invitation for 2017 to deliver a high-profile public lecture (Robert Rosenblum lecture, Spring 2017) at New York University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.clarkart.edu/rap/events/Rap-Events-Overview#/?FacetIDs=52&FacetIDs=41
 
Description '"Dr Ripley was so surprised that he dropped his hat and forgot to pick it up again": encoding and decoding visits in the work of Conan Doyle', BAVS 2016: Consuming (the) Victorians, Cardiff University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Part of a Scrambled Messages panel at International conference that prompted questions and discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description ''Before Dinner-the March Past': Problems of regulated rhythms in the 1871 Christmas number of The Graphic', at London Nineteenth-Century Studies Seminar Graduate Conference, Senate House, London. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This talk prompted questions and discussion and also some comments on Twitter. Conversation with new colleagues working on periodicals.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description ''I'll go back instead of going on': taking one's time in Mugby Junction' at The Abstract, the English Department Postgraduate Seminar Group at KCL 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Around 15 postgraduate students and some of their non-academic friends attended the talk which prompted questions and discussions afterwards
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description 'Compression'. Talk to arts/science interdisciplinary group of Faculty at 'Fablab' Paris 7 (Diderot) University, 11 May 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact 'Compression'. Talk to arts/science interdisciplinary group of Faculty at 'Fablab' Paris 7
(Diderot) University, 11 May 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Distant Contemporaries: Women Reporting the 1848 Revolutions', Cambridge University Gender Studies Seminar, CRASSH, 29 January 2018. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 'Distant Contemporaries: Women Reporting the 1848 Revolutions', Cambridge University
Gender Studies Seminar, CRASSH, 29 January 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description 'Frazzled and Dazzled' Project Symposium (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Researchers Newland, Hume and Chapman organised a symposium 'Frazzled and Dazzled' at King's College London and The Courtauld, London, 29 April 2016 with the support of PI Arscott and CI Pettitt. Each of the Early Career Researchers took responsibility for a section of the symposium, each presenting her own research in dialogue with a scholar whose work was particularly relevant to her own interests. The day brought together scholars from a variety of fields: archaeology, media studies, art history and English literature. Members of the public with an interest in issues of communication and media also attended. The outcome was a stimulating day, extending the context of the project's research, sharing ideas with others working on cognate areas and broadening out discussion to a number of issues of importance to nineteenth-century studies via themes such as visibility and the invisible, paths and history, pulse and interruption.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://courtauld.ac.uk/event/frazzled-and-dazzled
 
Description 'Introduction: Alice in Cableland' Scrambled Messages panel at Media History Seminar, Institute of English Studies, Senate House, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Introduction delivered and was part of panel discussion. Questions and discussion afterwards. Event filmed and viewed 84 times on youtube (as of 03/03/17)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zRF5aTYV-0U&feature=youtu.be
 
Description 'Keep your place if you please': order, privacy, and romance in 'Miss or Mrs.?', The 'Heart' and 'Science' of Wilkie Collins Study Day, Barts Pathology Museum, London. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference paper provoked questions and discussion afterwards. New contacts made. Interest in project and project exhibition reported by conference attendees. Paper tweeted about on Twitter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://victorianpopularfiction.org/the-heart-and-science-of-wilkie-collins-study-day/
 
Description 'Perhaps I interrupt you': visiting, repetition and Conan Doyle's professionals', at Frazzled and Dazzled Symposium, The Courtauld Institute of Art. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference paper delivered with questions and discussion afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://courtauld.ac.uk/event/frazzled-and-dazzled
 
Description 'Revolutionary Seriality and Print in 1848'. Cambridge University French Department Nineteenth-Century Seminar, 30 October 2017. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 'Revolutionary Seriality and Print in 1848'. Cambridge University French Department
Nineteenth-Century Seminar, 30 October 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 'Throwaway Holmes', lecture for Cambridge University Summer School 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact International and domestic students and UK school teachers asked lots of questions afterwards.

Interest in the teaching materials that the project will generate. Interest in approach to Holmes and communications especially on part of school teachers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.ice.cam.ac.uk/courses/summer-schools
 
Description 1865 Cable Failure anniversary Blog Fest 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Failure blog fest was published online to mark 150 years from the exact moment the 1865 trans-Atlantic telegraph cable snapped and was lost to the sea. The blog fest featured blog pieces written by invited participants in the Failure Day workshop held earlier in the same month. The blog pieces ran alongside a report of the day from the team, lots of images of the activities undertaken and a short film made by invited film-makers. The blog fest was promoted via our Facebook group and Twitter account producing a spike in website visits and social media participation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.scrambledmessages.ac.uk/blog/150th-anniversary-failure-part-2
 
Description Advisor on exhibition plannning committee Museum of London 'Sherlock Holmes: the Man who Never Lived and Will Never Die' Oct 2014-April 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Very good reviews. High visitor numbers at exhibition.

Influence on academic research content of exhibition. wide public dissemination of research from our project. After involvement in exhibition planning team member invited to interview BAFTA-award winning author Anthony Horowitz for a public ebvent connected to the exhibition. This had huge attendance and was very successful.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.museumoflondon.org.uk/london-wall/whats-on/exhibitions-displays/sherlock-holmes/
 
Description Alice through the Looking Glass (part of Alice in Cableland) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a preliminary version of the talk we gave at Senate House for Media Histories a few weeks later.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Alice through the Looking Glass (part of Alice in Cableland) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Scrambled Messages group made presentations to a group of scholars, students and the public. The event was organised by the University of London's School of Advanced Studies. About 35 people were present in the audience. The event was filmed and has been posted online, so a much wider audience have been able to access the material subsequently.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zRF5aTYV-0U&feature=youtu.be
 
Description Annual invited lecture at New York University on Poynter and Newtonian physics 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact lecture on current research followed by question session. exchange of views with university teachers from a number of different disciplines.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description BBC Radio 4 Start The Week: Materials Culture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We discussed for 45 minutes the relationship between politics, art, and materials science and engineering in materials culture.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b06bgbvx
 
Description BBC Radio 4 Today Prorgamme: Defending Art History A-Level 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Interviewed on the BBC Radio 4's Today Programme about the proposed closure of Art History A-Level. They were interested in the views of Engineers like me. I argued for a broad curriculum including art history as vital for modern engineering education.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b07zv3gf
 
Description Blog for Scrambled Messages project 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Blog consists of blog postings from Research Team introducing elements of the research to the general public. Within the blog we have specific postings under the heading 'Dots and Dashes' which are designed to communicate elements from the Research Team discussions of texts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL http://www.scrambledmessages.ac.uk/blog/?page=2
 
Description British Archaeology interview by researcher Newland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Profile piece in British Archaeology magazine in which I was able to speak about the Scrambled Messages project and industrial archaeology more generally. Reached thousands of interested lay and professional readers and helped to raise the profile of industrial archaeology of the victorian period.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.britisharchaeology.org/node/66
 
Description Codes and Signals 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar and workshop for the Scottish Centre for Victorian and neo-
Victorian Studies with Professor Caroline Arscott of the Courtauld Institute at Strathclyde University, Glasgow, 24 November 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Coding and Representation: International Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact International Conference for the Scrambled Messages project. Now leading to a publication. The event was extremely successful and innovative in its indisiciplinarity - we had speakers from Art History, English Literature, Engineering and Materials Science, Political Theory, History, and History of Science.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Compression 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Compression' Talk to Literary scholars at Humboldt University, Berlin. 19 February 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Conference Keynote, 'Albert Moore, sensate beings and ontogeny', Birkbeck University, by PI Arscott 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 17-18 July 2015, Birkbeck University, London, The Arts and Feeling in C19th Literature, conference keynote, 'Albert Moore, sensate beings and ontogeny', large interdisciplinary conference. Paper communicated research from the project about time and (electrical) storage in relation to paintings of Albert Moore. Participants commented on the way the talk transformed their understanding of this artist.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://blogs.bbk.ac.uk/artsresearch/2015/05/07/the-arts-and-feeling-in-nineteenth-century-literature...
 
Description Conference paper 'Perhaps I interrupt you': visiting, repetition and Conan Doyle's professionals', (joint projects meeting, Oxford) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact paper sparked questions and discussion, further collaborative event planned with member of 'Diseases of Modern Life' project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Conference paper 'Whistler and the Women in White', Bremen University, by PI Arscott 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 9-10 July 2015, Bremen University, Wohn/Raum/Denken conference for Irene Nierhaus, conference paper 'Whistler and the Women in White: "cleaner, softer, brighter" environments'. Emphasis on 'storage' as investigated by research project, explored in relation to Whistler's work. Audience of academics, students and general public with simultaneous translation provided for non-German speakers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.uni-bremen.de/universitaet/presseservice/pressemitteilungen/einzelanzeige/news/detail/New...
 
Description Contributor to BBC Radio 4 news and cultural programmes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 1. BBC Radio 4 - The Science of Dr Seuss - Contributor - http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b085z058?ns_mchannel=social& - 2nd Jan 2017

2. BBC Radio 4 - Print Me A New Body - Contributor - - 5th June 2017 - BBC Radio 4 - http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08rq6dl

3. BBC Radio 4 - The Science of Cake - Contributor - http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/articles/1pSjKGxlHPVkFYvzp34CVjM/how-science-can-help-you-bake-the-perfect-sponge-cake - 25th Sept 2017

4. BBC Radio 4 Today Programme - The Science of Crisp Packets - Contributor -- http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p05qbsq8 - 7th Dec 2017

5. BBC Radio 4 PM Programme - The Problem with Plastics - Contributor - 17th, 18th and 19th 2018 Jan http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b006qskw
6. BBC World Service Newshour Programme 17th Jan 2018: - The Problem with Plastics - Contributor : http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/w172vr1kyqhhhfs

7. BBC Radio 4 - A Good Read - 24th Feb 2018 - Contributor: https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b09snj94
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Courtauld Institute of Art Research Forum Seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact About 25 people attended my research seminar on Arthur Boyd Houghton's 1870s work for Graphic America. There were questions and discussion afterwards, which resulted in me making connections with people outside of my institution (for example, an archivist and an artist reporter).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Festival of Archaeology 2015 panel participation by researcher Newland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Researcher Newland took part in an expert panel of three TV archaeologists with Alex Langlands and Phil Harding entitled 'an object that changed my life'. She spoke on the subject historical telecommunications technologies and landscapes. This was followed by a lively and interesting Q & A session with the audience. At the end she stayed and talked with several members of the audience about the project in more detail. She spoke to several about how and where to continue their studies. We have noticed an increase in member requests on our Facebook page as a result.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.salisburymuseum.org.uk/whats-on/events/festival-archaeology-1
 
Description Gallery talk: Victorians Decoded at Guildhall, 10 December 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact I gave a 45-minute talk to a group of MA students from Birkbeck College, University of London. This was requested by Dr Lynda Nead, who also attended the talk. Afterwards I took questions and we had a short discussion. Several of the students apparently mentioned the talk in their end-of-course feedback forms as having been a favourite event during the year.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Gallery talk: Victorians Decoded at Guildhall, 21 November 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I presented a talk on the Victorians Decoded exhibition for a group of adults. The talk lasted about 45 minutes, and afterwards I took questions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Guardian and Observer Newspaper Columnist 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I get many emails and tweets about my column, the page views are between 10,000 - 50,000 per column.

It has increased the public visibility of Materials Science and Materials Engineering. They are cited by many students as part of their UCAS entry forms as reasons they became interested in these subjects.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
URL http://www.theguardian.com/profile/mark-miodownik
 
Description History of Science in the Digital Age conference, Leeds, paper by researcher Newland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper given entitled 'Sir Charles Wheatstone's Junk Mail and the Analogue Archive' which presented Newland's work with the Wheatstone Archive at King's. She was really pleased with how it was received. Lots of positive feedback and good questions at the end. Really positive response to an innovative approach to archives. She hasmade some excellent contacts from USA that she would otherwise not have met. Increase in participation in project and social media from audience members.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Institute of Making - Research Workshops and Events 2014/2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The Institute of Making curated 14 research workshops and events in 2014-2015, reaching participants both within and outside of UCL's research community. The series of research workshops (listed below) engaged researchers from multiple disciplines together for the day to explore common materials and making-related research interests. These workshops typically gather together a range of speakers on a theme that spans disciplines, giving an idea of the breadth and wealth of materials and making research. The purpose of these days is explicitly to encourage new interdisciplinary research projects that draw on the expertise we have at UCL, as well as in the Institute's wider community of researchers, makers and manufacturers.
Dinner with Picasso: The Unspoken Language of Food, March 2014
Dinner with Picasso: Cheese - Enbracing Entropy, March 2014
Dinner with Picasso: Five Ways with Algae, March 2014
Dinner with Picasso: Green Eggs and Ham, April 2014
Materials Histories: Emotions, April 2014
Dinner with Picasso: An Oulipean Wine-Tasting, May 2014
Materials Histories: Restorations, May 2014
Materials and Society Conference, June 2014
E Fibre: Material Engagement, July 2014
Pop up Pop up, September 2014
Dinner with Picasso: Final Workshop, September 2014
Health, Safety and Creativity, October 2014
Pyrotechnics with Matthew Tosh, December 2014
Hidden Histories of Things, January 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description Institute of Making - Research Workshops and Events 2015/2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The 2015-2016 series of research workshops (listed below) engaged researchers from multiple disciplines together for the day to explore common materials and making-related research interests. These workshops typically gather together a range of speakers on a theme that spans disciplines, giving an idea of the breadth and wealth of materials and making research. The purpose of these days is explicitly to encourage new interdisciplinary research projects that draw on the expertise we have at UCL, as well as in the Institute's wider community of researchers, makers and manufacturers.

Stone as a Material, March 2015
Glass Sponges, November 2015
Exploring Curious Materials, December 2015
Open AFT/LEGO2NANO, December 2015
Engineers Save Lives, January 2016
Hands on Learning, February 2016
Co-Lab Biomaterials, February 2016
Co-Lab Biomaterials, February 2016
Design-Led Materials Finale, March 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
 
Description Institute of Making - Research Workshops and Events 2016/2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 18th April, 2016. Akins Away Day. (Corporate).
28th April, 2016. Materials Library Evening. (Library) Public event.
4th May, 2016. Concrete with Leigh Cameron. (Masterclass) Public event.
9th May, 2016. Copper Spoon Making. (Masterclass) Public event.
24th May, 2016. Hands of X, Dundee. (Research event)
6th June, 2016. Hands of X, London. (Research event)
15th June, 2016. Hands of X, Glasgow. (Research event)
21st June, 2016. Wooden Whistle Masterclass. (Festival of Stu )
21st June, 2016. Morning - Felt Ball and 3D Hand Embroidery Masterclass. (Festival of Stu )
21st June, 2016. Morning - Chair Caning Masterclass. (Festival of Stu )
21st June, 2016. Dustpan and Brush Masterclass. (Festival of Stu )
21st June, 2016. Afternoon - Felt Ball and 3D Hand Embroidery Masterclass. (Festival of Stu )
21st June, 2016. Afternoon - Chair Caning Masterclass. (Festival of Stu )
22nd June, 2016. Laminate Wood Forming Masterclass. (Festival of Stu )
22nd June, 2016. Morning - Experimental Fabric Colouring Masterclass. (Festival of Stu ) 22nd June, 2016. Afternoon - Experimental Fabric Colouring Masterclass (Festival of Stu ) 22nd June, 2016. Performing Matter - Greatest Hit and New Findings. (Festival of Stu )
23rd June, 2016. Morning - Experimental Pewter Casting Masterclass. (Festival of Stu ) 23rd June, 2016. Morning - Fish Printing Masterclass. (Festival of Stu )
23rd June, 2016. Morning - Plant Moisture Sensor Masterclass. (Festival of Stu )
23rd June, 2016. Afternoon - Experimental Pewter Casting Masterclass. (Festival of Stu ) 23rd June, 2016. Afternoon - Fish Printing Masterclass. (Festival of Stu )
23rd June, 2016. Afternoon - Plant Moisture Sensor Masterclass. (Festival of Stu ) 24th June, 2016. Morning - Concrete Masterclass. (Festival of Stu )
24th June, 2016. Sensors Masterclass. (Festival of Stu )
24th June, 2016. Afternoon - Concrete Masterclass. (Festival of Stu )
25th June, 2016. Festival of Stu . (Open day)
13th July, 2016. Failure Non-Event. (Research Hub event)
26th July, 2016. Object-based and Creative Methods for Communicating Emotions. (Research event).
18th July - 18th August, 2016. Beer Brewing. (Masterclass) Member event.
26th July, 2016. Touching Emotions: Object-based and Creative Methods for Communicating Emotions. (Research event) Public event.
16th August, 2016. Day in the woods with Geo rey Fisher. (Masterclass) Member event. 17th September, 2016. Cutlery Design Challenge. (Exhibition) Public and members challenge.
20th September - 22nd January, 2017. Victorians Decoded: Art and Telegraphy. (Research Hub event)
4th - 7th October, 2016. UCL Lunchtime Looks. (Open to all UCL).
4th - 7th October, 2016. Jeremy Atkinson - Clog Maker. (Maker in Residence).
28th October, 2016. Sand Casting with Silver. (Masterclass) Member event.
28th October, 2016. Sand Casting with Silver. (Masterclass) Public event.
5th November, 2016. Geology. (Open day) Public event.
23rd November, 2016. Museums on Prescription. (Outreach).
28th November, 2016. Co-Lab. (Research hub event).
5th December, 2016. Introduction to pattern cutting with Juliana Sissons. (Masterclass) Member event.
5th December, 2016. Interpreting of a shop-bought pattern with Juliana Sissons. (Masterclass) Member event.
19th December, 2016. Make Merry. (Workshop) Member event.
20th - 21st January, 2017. Coding & Representation Conference. (Research Hub event)
13th February, 2017. Stool in a day. (Masterclass) Member event.
20th February, 2017. Introduction to the art of Kintsugi. (Masterclass) Member event.
24th February, 2017. Materials Library talk with Mark Miodownik. (Library) Public event. 25th February, 2017. Design inclusive workshop. (Outreach)
27th February, 2017. Morning - Glass working. (Masterclass) Member event.
27th February, 2017. Afternoon - Glass working. (Masterclass) Member event.
11th March, 2017. 4th Birthday. (Open day) Public event.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description Institute of Making Public Events 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact We organised several different kinds of public event, ranging from talks and masterclasses run by expert makers for small groups to large scale public extravaganzas. Masterclasses and talks for the public included flintknapping with archaeologist Karl Lee, a 'smell walk' with Dr Victoria Henshaw and 'bodging' and repairing with designer Jasleen Kaur, for example. During our large open days we threw wide the doors of the Makespace and the Materials Library to the public and organised various making activities designed to appeal to seasoned makers, first-time tinkerers and families alike, and curated a themed selection of materials for visitors to explore in the Materials Library. Themes have included 'Plastic Fantastic', 'Luminescence' and 'Foam', for example. We have had many return visitors at these public open days, and the public engagement programme has inspired people to explore new areas of interest, acquire new skills, and engage with experts in diverse fields of materials research and making. For a full list of events up until March 2014, see our annual report: http://www.instituteofmaking.org.uk/blog/2014/05/first-year-report and for events since then, see the URL below.

Between 2013 and 2014 we hosted eight public open days at UCL with a total attendance of approximately 3500 including a high representation from families and children. Through these events the public get both a taste of the Makespace and Materials Library, and a chance to meet and interact with our wonderful and knowledgeable community of members. This public programme is extremely popular, with many events being booked up in less than five minutes of being released and with extensive waiting lists forming. For example, 1156 people applied to attend Roja Dove: An Olfactory Experience, for which there were only 40 spaces available. We instigated the first Festival of Materials and Making at King's College, and have instituted an annual Festival of Stuff at UCL.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2011,2012,2013,2014
URL http://www.instituteofmaking.org.uk/events
 
Description Integrated MA Seminar at Tate Britain and Science Museum, London. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I taught 20 students alongside curators at the Science Museum and Tate Britain as part of my MA Course 'On Speed: Accelerating Culture Since the Nineteenth Century' which I have devised with a colleague, Professor Mark Turner as a result of my research on 'Scrambled Messages'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Invited Respondent to Dr. Tom Wright 'Embodied Telegraphs' Institute of English Studies, Senate House, London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact As invited respondent, conveyed information about the project, stimulated thought. Talk sparked a lot of questions and discussion.

none documented
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Lecture at Tufts University on Poynter and Newtonian physics 10 April 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lecture by C. Arscott on artist Edward Poynter discussed in relation to Newtonian laws of motion -- to communicate current research to a university audience. Ongoing scholalrly exchange following this lecture with university teachers, students and museum curators..
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Lecture in Burke Lecture series, Indiana University, Bloomington USA by Arscott PI 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 22 October 2015, Department of Art History, Indiana University, Bloomington, USA, lecture in Robert E. and Avis Tarrant Burke Lecture Series, 'Whistler and Whiteness'. Opportunity to share art historical research emerging from the project with staff and students of US university where there is a specialisation in Victorian Studies especially in the English Literature department. Lecture open to general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://arthistory.indiana.edu/burke/current.shtml
 
Description Lecture on John Tyndall and Science and Culture, Clark Institute USA by PI Arscott 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact PI Arscott's Paper on Tyndall and Blue Skies ('Quixotic Projects') 6-8 Nov 2014 at Sterling and Francine Clark Clark Art Institute annual conference, Williamstown, USA, 'Art and Emergency'. Issues from my paper comparing historical and current configurations of research culture (scientific research as related to humanities research) were referenced by other participants throughout the conference. Attendees included the directors of art historical research institutes from many different countries (Research Institutes in the History of Art, RIHA members in Williamstown for the RIHA annual conference), scholars curators, artists and members of the general public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.artandeducation.net/announcement/art-history-and-emergency/
 
Description Maladjusted times and unpredictable futures in 'The Signalman' co-written conference paper for City-Centric Symposium, King's College London 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact provoked questions and discussion

dissemination of project research in academic community
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://inventingurbanmodernity.wordpress.com/
 
Description Media Interest (radio interview about the project 'Paperweight' arts magazine programme on Resonance FM) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Useful as an exercise in media output for this research.

none documented
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://soundcloud.com/paperweight-newspaper/paperweight-radio-ghosts
 
Description Mermaids, Cables and Deep Sea (Seminar presentation Wolfson College Cambridge) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Lots of questions afterwards. Stimulated thought as well as providing information about the project.

The talk reached a mixed professional audience of college alumni who were very engaged by it.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Mermaids, Cables and the Deep Sea (Department of English and Department of Art History, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Lots of questions afterwards and offer of institutional transatlantic collaboration on a future project growing out of this one. Stimulated thinking as well as sharing information. Dissemination of project findings to international academic community.

Met with two University of California doctoral students in the UK in the summer as the result of this talk
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Mermaids, Cables and the Deep sea (seminar paper Department of History and the Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University, Washington DC, USA 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Lots of questions afterwards

International dissemination of research from our project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Newland, C. 'Bloomsbury fields: detectings, hauntings and spell-sòcn'. Paper given at the Frazzled and Dazzled symposium, King's College London & Courtauld Institute of Art. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Symposium day of paired papers with lots of time allowed for discussion. My paper was paired with fellow archaeologist Gabe Moshenka and drew many useful questions and comments as well as bringing the event to an archaeological audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://courtauld.ac.uk/event/frazzled-and-dazzled
 
Description Newland, C. 'Decoding Wheatstone: geo-narrating lives'. Paper given at the British Association for Victorian Studies conference, 2016, Cardiff. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper given as part of the Scrambled Messages: Code session at BVS 2016. Stimulated questions and discussion. Led to requests for further participation from recipients.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Newland, C. 'Junk Mail and the Analogue Archive' paper given at DigiTAG session, Theoretical Archaeology Group conference, Southampton, December 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Opening paper of the DigiTAG Southampton session. Well received and provoked immediate discussion resulting in ongoing discussions. Session papers may be published as an edited collection. The TAG conference provides an excellent opportunity to disseminate project ideas both in and outside of academia. The conference is an excellent place to communicate with industry professionals (Historic England, English Heritage, Historic Scotland, Cadw, Landmark Trust, National Trust, Archaeological Data Service, etc.) as well as connect with people working in all the major commercial archaeology units.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Newland, C. 'Jute: A Raw Material?' Paper given at the Raw Materials Workshop, King's Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine, London. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact An interdisciplinary seminar designed to disseminate and celebrate new work being undertaken in the KCL around raw materials in the Victorian period.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Newland, C. 'Monstrous proportions: Alice, mapmaking and the trans-Atlantic cable' paper in 'Alice In Cableland' cluster of papers at Super-Symposium (Oxford) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Day-long Super-Symposium 12 April 2016, involving all members of four research projects: Scrambled Messages: The Telegraphic Imaginary 1857-1900; Constructing Scientific Communities: Citizen Science in the 19th and 21st Centuries; Diseases of Modern Life: 19th Century Perspectives; Music In London 1800-1851. Sharing of best practice in research methods; identification of common areas of investigation; sharing of knowledge; broadening of perspectives for all groups. https://diseasesofmodernlife.org/; http://www.sciculture.ac.uk/project/constructing-scientific-communities/; https://musicinlondon.org/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Newland, C. 'Monstrous proportions: Alice, mapmaking and the trans-Atlantic cable'. paper in 'Alice In Cableland' cluster at Media History Seminar (Senate House, London), May 2016. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact s
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Newland, C. 'Why the transatlantic Communications Cable was the Victorians' answer to the moon landing' interview in 'All About History Magazine', 26 September. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview given to All About History Magazine about the Victorians Decoded: Art and Telegraphy exhibition. A popular online history magazine, the interview was accessed by 131,642 individual subscribers (figures given to the end Jan 2017).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.historyanswers.co.uk/news/all-about-history-book-of-flight-on-sale-now/
 
Description Newland, C. Introductory paper given at the Coding and Representation conference entitled 'Distance: transmission: impedance' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Coding and Representation international two-day conference, convenors PI Arscott and CI Pettitt, The Courtauld and Guildhall Art Gallery, London, 20th and 21st Jan 2017 academics, museum professionals and scholars from a range of disciplines, filmmakers and broader public. Taking the key concerns of the project to specialists working in a range of areas (history, history of science, history of political thought, history of film and photography, cultural studies, English literature, art history, materials science) in a broad chronology stretching from early nineteenth century to present. Fruitful discussion and productive juxtapositions emerged. The project team are now undertaking the publication of an edited collection of papers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://courtauld.ac.uk/event/coding-and-representation
 
Description Newland, C. Live tweeting of the 1866 Atlantic cable laying expedition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 2016 marked the 150th anniversary of the 1866 Atlantic cable. Ninety nine tweets were posted over a 70 day period coinciding with the successful voyage. The tweets had 103.4k impressions, an average of 1500 per day. Within this there were 67 link clicks, 449 retweets (6 per day), 235 likes (3 per day) and 20 replies. This equates to a 0.8% engagement rate. The tweet campaign brought new connections to the project from other organisations working in a similar sector including BT Archives, the Science Museum, Day of Archaeology, The Newcomen Society, the Steam Museum, and the National Maritime Museum.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://twitter.com/ScrambledMsgs
 
Description Newland, C. Press day for Victorians Decoded: Art and Telegraphy exhibtion, 19 September. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Press day at the Guildhall Art Gallery. Available all day to speak to journalists about the Victorians Decoded exhibition. Gave interviews to print, online and broadcast journalists. Answered questions, gave quotes and information, took members of the press on a guided tour of the exhibit. This activity resulted in several reviews of the exhibition as well as follow ups with media contacts made on the day.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Newland, C. Tweet campaign in advance of Coding and Representation conference. 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Tweet campaign in advance of Coding and Representation conference. Tweets between 10th and 20th January earned 14.1k impressions, an average of 1300 per day. There were 73 link clicks (through to the conference booking form), 43 retweets and 23 likes: an average engagement rate of 1.5%. Increased public attendance at conference and made connections with other institutions, such as DeMontfort University, Berkeley University, the Science Museum, Southampton University, UCL, etc..
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Newland, C. and Miodownik, M. television interview for London Live about the Victorians Decoded exhibition. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Mark Miodownik and I gave an interview to London Live about the Victorians Decoded: Art and Telegraphy exhibition at the Guildhall Art Gallery. The piece was broadcast as a news item and remains accessible on the internet. As of the end of January 2017 there had been 208.000 individual views.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.londonlive.co.uk/news/2016-09-19/guildhall
 
Description Newland, C. with Miodownik, M interview for BBC Radio London, the Robert Elms Show, 14 September, 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I and Mark Miodownik were interviewed about the Victorians Decoded exhibition on the Robert Elms Show, BBC Radio London. We took questions on the connections between science and art and the importance of the telegraph in Victorian society. This allowed us to reach a non academic audience and disseminate the project more widely. 424000 people in London and the South East listened to the show.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Online journal and/or magazine campaign in connection with the 'Victorians Decoded: Art and Telegraphy' exhibition. 43,497,824 unique views between August 2016 and January 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A total of 43,497,824 unique users saw one of our online journal or magazine articles about the Victorians Decoded: Art and Telegraphy exhibition. This helped us attract over 28,000 visitors to the exhibition between 20 September, 2016 and 20 January 2017. It also helped us attract a diverse, non-academic audience and disseminate the project outputs more widely.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
 
Description PI Arscott 'You're Nothing But A Pack of Cards!' paper in 'Alice In Cableland' cluster at Media History Seminar (Senate House, London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact C. Arscott, 'You're Nothing But a Pack of Cards!' paper in 'Alice In Cableland' cluster of papers delivered by Scrambled Messages research team at Media History Seminar 12 May 2016 (in interdisciplinary research seminar series at the University of London's Institute of English Studies and Institute of Historical Research). Audience commented on Scrambled Messages project methodology as offering new directions in interdisciplinary research. Video of seminar subsequently available on Media History website http://www.sas.ac.uk/videos-and-podcasts/culture-language-and-literature/alice-cableland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.sas.ac.uk/support-research/public-events/2016/media-history-and-nineteenth-century-studie...
 
Description PI Arscott, 'You're Nothing But A Pack of Cards!' paper in 'Alice In Cableland' cluster of papers at Super-Symposium (Oxford) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact C. Arscott 'You're Nothing But A Pack of Cards!', paper at St Anne's College, Oxford in day-long Super-Symposium 12 April 2016, involving all members of four research projects: Scrambled Messages: The Telegraphic Imaginary 1857-1900; Constructing Scientific Communities: Citizen Science in the 19th and 21st Centuries; Diseases of Modern Life: 19th Century Perspectives; Music In London 1800-1851. Sharing of best practice in research methods; identification of common areas of investigation; sharing of knowledge; broadening of perspectives for all groups.
https://diseasesofmodernlife.org/; http://www.sciculture.ac.uk/project/constructing-scientific-communities/; https://musicinlondon.org/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://diseasesofmodernlife.org/
 
Description Panel Discussion on David Trotter, Literature in the First Media Age 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact My colleague, Mark Turner and I, were invited to present a panel discussion on David Trotter's Literature in the First Media Age: Literature between the Wars (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2013) Centre for Material Texts, Faculty of English, Cambridge University.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Panel Paper BAVS 2016 (Coding) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Coding and Decoding Victorian Painting'. Paper on the 'Coding' Panel at the British Association of Victorian Studies Conference, Cardiff University, 30 August to 1st September 2016.

This was a panel publicising our upcoming public free exhibition at the Guildhall Art Gallery London. We got lots of positive feedback, including email follow ups, and at least five people who were there that day came to the exhibition as a result of our paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Paper at 'Scrambled Messages' panel at British Association for Victorian Studies conference 'Sustainability' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper produced questions and discussion and comments on Twitter. The project as a whole was discussed. Some attendees expressed an interest in attending project workshops and contact has been established.

Conference organiser has requested that the paper be made into a chapter to be published in a proposed edited collection.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://bavs.ac.uk/events/2/
 
Description Paper at The Sorbonne, Paris, paper 'Whistler and Whiteness', by PI Arscott 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact 26 Nov 2015, Paris, The Sorbonne, present paper 'Whistler and Whiteness' in series organised by research project on colour, part of Voix Anglophones: Litterature et Esthetique. Respondant Charlotte Ribeyrol. 'J'efface, donc je suis : l'effacement volontaire des couleurs dans l'histoire' (séminaire organisé et animé par Philippe Jockey, Professeur d'histoire et civilisation grecques à l'Université. Opportunity to share art historical research emerging from the project with colleagues and students in Paris (from English literature, archaeology and chemistry in particular) where a concurrent interdisciplinary research project is underway, focusing on literature and history of science. Cultural administrators from the Terra Foundation for the Study of American Art European office also attended. Response from Sorbonne team member Charlotte Ribeyrol. Inclusion of an essay by me in an anthology edited by Ribeyrol has been agreed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.vale.paris-sorbonne.fr/FR/polyre.php
 
Description Paper in UCL departmental research series, 'Whistler and Whiteness' by PI Arscott 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 19 March 2015, University College London, History of Art Department, present paper in departmental research series, 'Whistler and Whiteness'. To communicate research to wider academic audience beyond the research team and the UCL physics department involved in the research. Ideas of electrical storage used to re-consider themes of memory and palimpsestic overwriting in Whistler's painting. Seminar open to general public but mainly attended by academic staff and students. Intense discussion followed from the paper. The Whistler Society a non-academic special interest group, requested a report of the event for their newsletter.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.ucl.ac.uk/art-history/news-events/research-seminars/2014-2015
 
Description Physics in Action Schools Talks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Schools talks
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.thetrainingpartnership.org.uk/study-days/subjects/physics/
 
Description Pictures from the Front: the Modoc War and the Illustrated London News, 1873 (in Frazzled and Dazzled, symposium, Courtauld Institute of Art) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I invited a co-speaker to do a presentation alongside my own: Simone Natale, of Loughborough University. He made a presentation entitled 'Photography and Media Imaginaries in N Nineteenth-Century United States', and I made my own presentation (title above). We then took questions from the audience and had a short discussion. This was party of a symposium organised by the Scrambled Messages group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Plenary Lecture 'The Real Thing', 6th International Conference of the Henry James society, University of Aberdeen 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Stimulated thought as well as providing information about the research project. Lots of questions afterwards. Email contact subsequently with scholars in America and Europe.

Meeting forthcoming with Professor Alexander Nemerov at Stanford University (Art History)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://mockingbird.creighton.edu/english/HJS/TheRealThing.html
 
Description Plenary LecturePlenary Lecture: 'Seriality, Revolution and Europe in 1848: Rethinking the "Victorian"' (Warwick University) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Plenary Lecture: 'Seriality, Revolution and Europe in 1848: Rethinking the "Victorian"'. Victorian Worlds in Comparison Conference, Warwick University. 19-20 May 2016. I presented research I have done on the Scrambled Messages project as a case study in rethinking the field of 'Victorian Studies'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Plenary Paper 'Revolutionary Seriality and News Pictures' (Conference 'Getting the Picture' Visual Studies Research Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Stimulated thought as well as sharing information about the research. Lots of questions afterwards and offer of transatlantic institutional collaboration on a future project growing out of this one

International dissemination of research from our project. Valuable contact made with Michael Leja at University of Pennsylvania (Art History), plans for future meeting.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.academia.edu/7090582/Getting_the_Picture_The_Visual_Culture_of_the_News_with_Vanessa_Schw...
 
Description Plenary Paper Vesuvius and The Past as News (Yale University) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I presented a plenary paper, 'The Past as News: Seeing and Hearing Vesuvius in Nineteenth-Century London c.1820-1845' at Sonic Spaces: Music and Visual Culture in Nineteenth-Century London, Yale British Art Centre, Yale University, USA, 27-28 March 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Plenary Paper: Interrupted Views (Cambridge 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Interrupted Views: 1848, Elizabeth Barrett Browning's Casa Guidi Windows and the Paintings of the Macchiaioli' Cambridge Italian Research Network Symposium, Caius College Cambridge, 1 June 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Plenary lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Remedying Distance: the drive to bring closer in writing, art, science, education, medicine and industry in the long nineteenth century'. Conference at Hong Kong University, 18-19 May 2018.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Plenary paper Form and Reform conference UC Santa Cruz 27-29 July 2017 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Plenary paper by C. Arscott 'Fluctuating Forms: Albert Moore, Walter Pater, Ernst Haeckel' at scholarly conference primarily English literature-focused. Many participants fascinated by the topic and seek further information about the project and my publications.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description President's Panel BAVS 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I was asked to review the conference, while also thinking about where our subject is heading and what current critical trends are emerging for Victorian Studies.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Project International Conference 'Coding and Representation' (London) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Coding and Representation international two-day conference, convenors PI Arscott and CI Pettitt, The Courtauld and Guildhall Art Gallery, London, 20th and 21st Jan 2017
academics, museum professionals and scholars from a range of disciplines, filmmakers and broader public. Taking the key concerns of the project to specialists working in a range of areas (history, history of science, history of political thought, history of film and photography, cultural studies, English literature, art history, materials science) in a broad chronology stretching from early nineteenth century to present. Fruitful discussion and productive juxtapositions emerged. The project team now the publication of an edited collection of papers.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://courtauld.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/2017.01.20-12_Scrambled-Messages_-PROG-3.pdf
 
Description Project Workshop on Code with invited participants (scholars, artists, performers) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Introduction (keynote) from project investigators as well as organisation of whole event and formal response to presentations by participants.. Presentation of our research project to participants from UCL, Royal Institution, University of Lincoln, University of York, V&A Museum, artist collective Random International) . Intensive discussion of overlap between research project ideas and research, performance and art activity of invited workshop participants

follow up meeting with Professor Bill Sherman workshop participant and Head of Research at V&A to discuss possibilities of involvement with V&A Museum programming and displays.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Project Workshop on Space with invited participants (scholars, archivists) 15th Nov 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation keynote/invited speaker
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Project investigators communicated scope and principles of project ie giving keynote opening presentation as well as overall oragnisation and formal response to each presentation. Intense discussion of overlap between ideas of project and research of invited participants (range of disciplines, range of London University institutions).

request from all participants to be kept informed as project develops
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Project workshop on Time with invited participants (scholars, curators) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Project investigators communicated scope and principles of project, giving keynote opening presentation. There were then short presentations on material that had been read in advance, followed by a short formal response to each presentation by a project investigator. There followed discussion of the material and then a more open discussion about the theme as related to the aims and research of the project as well as those of the guests. The guests were from a range of disciplines (gallery curator, military historian) and institutions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Project workshop on the Body with invited participants (scholars, curators) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Project investigators communicated scope and principles of project, giving keynote opening presentation as well as overall oragnisation and formal response to each presentation. There were then four short presentations on material that had been read in advance, followed by discussion including about the overlap between project research and that of invited participants (range of disciplines, range of UK institutions).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Public Lecture at Yale Center for British Art, 'Elasticity and Sculptural Form' by PI Arscott 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact public evening lecture at Yale Center for British Art, Newhaven USA, 15 October 2014. Lecture related to the large exhibition on view (subsequently travelled to Tate Britain). Offered constructive critique of curatorial decisions and emphases as well as discussion relating to Victorian scientific investigation of energy and matter. Instigated ongoing discussion with curators and scholars/ students of the period. Participation in discussion by members of the public.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://calendar.yale.edu/cal/ycba/day/20141015/All/CAL-2c9cb3cc-47996ddc-0147-ac8d4efb-000058eebedew...
 
Description Public Talks 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 1. Cheltenham Science Festival, June 25,000 visitor - https://www.cheltenhamfestivals.com/science/ - June 2017

2. New Scientist Live - Sept 30,000 visitors - https://live.newscientist.com/ - 22nd Sept 2017

3. IET Engineering Festival -http://www.engfest.org/ - 17th Oct 2017

4. Three Physics in Action talks to 800 A-level student held in London - - Nov, Dec 2017 & March 2018
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017,2018
 
Description Radio Programme 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Start the Week on Ice
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m0001qh3
 
Description Radio Series 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact Three part radio series on plastic waste called Plastic Fantastic for BBC Radio 4, rebroadcast on BBC World Service
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b0b2jg2m
 
Description Research Team Event: 'Failure: a complete non-event' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact To mark the 150th anniversary of the failure of the 1865 trans-Atlantic cable members of the Scrambled Messages team (Newland and Chapman) convened an unscripted workshop. Hosted by the Institute of Making, the day explored ideas around making and failure. Truly interdisciplinary day that allowed the team to talk in depth about issues with practitioners outside our home fields. The day raised awareness of our project and also challenged our ideas and opinions about our work. Some great working partnerships were formed. Several participants later contributed written work and images to the project (see Failure blog fest).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.scrambledmessages.ac.uk/blog/150th-anniversary-failure-part-2/
 
Description Scrambled Messages Facebook Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact We have an active and engaged Facebook group. Our 122 members include MPs, Top level engineers, Historical telecoms and literary groups and the military as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students and interested members of the public. Membership crosses all disciplines and includes, English, Archaeology, Art, Engineering, Music, History and the Sciences. An informal and inclusive brief allows our members to post anything and everything they think to be relevant to the Scrambled Messages project and posts frequently take us beyond our initial vision, allowing us to broaden our views. It is our first port of call when seeking information about Scrambled Messages subjects and has provided us with documents and objects for our research and planned exhibition. Three members of the group have attended and spoken at our workshop events. We hope to include more in the future. Researcher Newland has taken lead in this element.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://www.facebook.com/groups/201073643404535/
 
Description Scrambled Messages Twitter Account 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Scrambled Messages Twitter account @ScrambledMsgs is posted to regularly by all project team members. We have 331 project followers of the account. This number is augmented by immediate retweeting by project members Mark Miodownik (9881 followers), Cassie Newland (1795), Anne Chapman (535) and Caroline Arscott (307) meaning we average about 3000k impressions per month, or around 100 per day. Top tweets are likely to garner between 2000 and 3000 impressions. Our engagement rate (clicks, etc.) is on average 3.9% but has been as high as 30% for specific links. Links pointing to blog entries are particularly well used. We also use Twitter for events, for example, we Storified the Failure Day at #fail2communicate and are currently live tweeting the 1866 Atlantic-cable laying expedition at #AtlanticCable150, which will also be Storified at completion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014,2015,2016
URL https://storify.com/AnneChapman/150th-anniversary-of-the-failure-of-the-1865-atlan
 
Description ScrambledMessages.ac.uk 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Scrambled Messages website fulfills several roles for the project. It provides basic information about the project and our work, allowing interested parties to contact us. It archives all past and future events including our reading groups, workshops, group visits and conferences. This ensures that people can access information about these events and attend. A bibliography of materials under discussion is updated on a bi-weekly basis allowing interested parties to seek out and in some cases link to or download specific readings and comment upon our work. The website is also the home of our curriculum materials for schools. These are currently being uploaded for school groups to download for use in the classroom. The website also hosts our blog (see separate ResearchFish entry).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2009,2014,2015,2016
URL http://www.scrambledmessages.ac.uk
 
Description Seminar Panel Alice in Cableland Media History Seminar 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Alice in Cableland' a panel presentation by members of the Scrambled Messages team to take place on 12 May 2016 at the Media History seminar, Institute of English Studies, Senate House, London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Seminar Paper Mermaids and the Deep Sea (Oxford 2015) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Mermaids, Cables and the Deep Sea: The fin de siècle and the Telegraphic Imaginary' Research Seminar in 'The Diseases of Modern Life' Series, St. Anne's College, Oxford, 4 February 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Seminar Paper Victorians Decoded - Oxford University 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Victorians Decoded: Telegraphic Aesthetics'. Oxford University Department of English, Nineteenth-Century Research Seminar, 28 November 2016.
This was a talk about our exhibition at the Guildhall Art Gallery, encouraging students to come while offering a theorised account of our curatorial decisions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Short response to paper Spielberg's Lincoln by Tom Wright 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact I gave a short formal response to a paper by Tom Wright of the English Department, University of Sussex
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Social media campaign for Victorians Decoded exhibition 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact From August 2016 to January 2017 a social media campaign was run on Twitter and Facebook to disseminate and promote the Victorians Decoded exhibition at the Guildhall Art Gallery under the hashtag #VicDecoded. The campaign was well received and resulted in enquiries from professional, public and the media alike. Breakdown of campaign impact as follows:
Twitter @GuildhallArt gained 338,949 total impressions with 997,47 engagements in the form of 'likes', retweets or link clicks (https://twitter.com/GuildhallArt).
Facebook GuildhallArtGallery gained 539,715 impressions and 1455 engagements (www.facebook.com/GuildhallArtGallery/)
Twitter @ScrambledMessages gained 10,300 exhibition related impressions (https://twitter.com/ScrambledMsgs).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016,2017
URL http://www.facebook.com/GuildhallArtGallery/
 
Description Splice: an Underwater Event at King's College London Arts & Humanities Festval 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The combination of practical demonstrations and academic discourse provoked plenty of questions and interaction

Many enquiries from audience about further opportunities to engage with this research project. A secondary school teacher has collaborated with the project to explore the splicing topic in relation to Wheatstone's stereoscopy. One result of this is that stereoscopic images from the Wheatstone archive are now being used by A-Level photography students at Trinity Catholic High School, Woodford Green, and the students have been exploring ideas about splicing images.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.kcl.ac.uk/artshums/ahri/eventrecords/2014-2015/Festival/splice.aspx
 
Description Stoke Lunar Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Public talk with MP for Stoke on Trent Tristram Hunt - for Lunar Society in preparation for City of Culture 2021 bid.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description TLS Podcast: On lead article, 'Darwin' (7 December 2017) https://www.acast.com/tlsvoices/darwin-good-bad-ugly 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Media (as a channel to the public)
Results and Impact TLS Podcast: On MY lead article in TLS, 'Darwin' (7 December 2017)
https://www.acast.com/tlsvoices/darwin-good-bad-ugly
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Teaching resources (available on Scrambled Messages website) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Resources available on Scrambled Messages website for teaching Art, English and English literature KS2, 4 and 5. Materials allow teachers and school pupils to investigate ideas arising from research by project members. A number of resources enabled schools unable to travel to London to access the Victorians Decoded exhibition. Materials shared with Guildhall Art Gallery education officer. During trials of the materials, teacher feedback stated by email: (KS2 resource) 'it was a fun lesson. Even the lower attaining children were writing the short telegrams which is motivating for them.' (KS4 resources) 'the students engaged with the extracts and were able to respond, developing ideas' ' they provoked some good discussion and greater understanding of the Victorian/Industrial contexts for the text'. KS2 student comments were fed back and demonstrated enjoyment of engaging with the ideas such as: 'It was amazing.''A fun way to send messages.' 'It was very interesting because you had to figure out codes.' One trial teacher stated that she would deliver it again.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.scrambledmessages.ac.uk/teach/
 
Description The History Girls interview with Cassie Newland (team member) The Daily Mail 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact information about the project disseminated to wide popular audience in the You Magazine of the Daily Mail

none documented
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description The Victorian Titanic broadcast by researcher Newland 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Broadcast to around two million viewers researcher Newland presented a feature on BBC2's Coast entitled The Victorian Titanic. In it she drew on the archaeology of Victorian technology in order to explain (with handy demonstration involving corks) Victorian understandings of mapping, magnetism and compasses. She explored 19th-century iron ship design and the limitations of Victorian technology. There was an increase in social media activity following the broadcast (and also after the repeat in December).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b06451nm
 
Description The problem of time in 'The Signalman' co-presentation of paper for KCL workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact provoked questions and discussion

none documented
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Treasuring Time at Mugby Junction (conference paper at Victorian Popular Fiction Association 'Trash and Treasure') 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact paper sparked questions and discussion afterwards

none documented
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2008
URL http://www.ies.sas.ac.uk/events/ies-conferences/VPFA6
 
Description Victorians Decoded Takeover Day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact As part of the Victorians Decoded exhibition, Scrambled Messages participated in Kids in Museums Take Over Day. A-level art students from Trinity Catholic High School Woodford Green 'took over' the exhibition to coincide with the national Takeover Day. They made preparatory visits to the exhibition and I went into the school to work with them to prepare. On The day they acted as room guides to the exhibition, talking with the general public about the themes of the exhibition and about the paintings. In the afternoon they ran activities for a year 7 class from the school which had them engage imaginatively with the themes of the exhibition focusing on particular works. Event tweeted about. Reported in local press and by 'School's Week'. Students reported thinking about art in new ways. Teacher reported increased ability to engage with works of art and think about exhibition themes more widely in their work. Teachers of year 7 students reported their engagement with activities excellent and 'an opportunity to develop the students' literacy skills'. Much discussion generated between different groups regarding the themes of the exhibition. General public discussed questions about the themes and paintings with the A-level students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://schoolsweek.co.uk/sixth-formers-take-over-londons-guildhall-art-gallery-as-tour-guides/
 
Description Workshop on Noise and Signal in the Idyll (The Courtauld) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Issues emerging from the project regarding noise and signal were discussed in relation to the Victorian artistic, literary and musical mode of the Idyll in a day-long workshop. Interest in further study of these issues was expressed by the expert participants from literature, art history, print history, photographic history, art curation, classics and music.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description research seminar by researcher Hume at The Courtauld on Arthur Boyd Houghton 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Courtauld Institute of Art Research Forum Seminar





About 25 people attended researcher Hume's research seminar on Arthur Boyd Houghton's 1870s illustrative work for Graphic America. It was open to the public as part of a Courtauld Research Forum series. The aim was to present work in progress and elicit questions and constructive criticism from interested attendees. There were questions and discussion afterwards, which resulted in Hume making connections with people outside her project and her institution (for example, an archivist and an artist reporter).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://courtauld.ac.uk/event/arthur-boyd-houghtons-graphic-america
 
Description session for KCL MA biography module students in the Wheatstone archive 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact about 12 MA students attended this workshop which introduced them to using archives for their biography research, introducing them to the Wheatstone Archive and using objects from the archive as as examples. Discussion about problems of archive research relating to project research undertaken inteh Wheatstone Archive.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.scrambledmessages.ac.uk/scrambled-messages-events/wheatstone-archive-workshop-ma-biograph...