Language and Culture for the New Generation of Leading Researchers in East Asian Studies: Networks, Internships and Knowledge Exchange.

Lead Research Organisation: University of Leeds
Department Name: School of Modern Languages and Cultures

Abstract

Following its first phase of funding, WREAC continues to build national capacity in Language-Based Area Studies in the second phase by developing its PGR/ECR language and training provision in Chinese and Japanese Studies, extending its partnerships with other academic institutions within and beyond the UK and with users and stakeholders, and deploying its expanding networks of knowledge exchange to communicate and disseminate its research and training programmes in order to enhance the impacts of its research. There are three strands in its second phase of work:
(1) Identities and Cultures in East Asia: focuses on (a) the cultural context of film and the media in Japan, China, Taiwan and Korea through collaboration with the Centre for World Cinemas (Leeds) and the White Rose Mixed Cinema Network (MCN) and engagement with film, art organisations and international festivals, and the development of networks embracing Australia, Denmark, Japan, China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Korea and New Zealand; (b) 'Performing China on the Global Stage' which examines creative processes and the social roles of theatre in China through the development of a global practice-led network in Sinology and Cultural and Performance Studies (in collaboration with the Leeds School for Performance and Cultural Industries, WUN partner universities, professional theatres, and 40 other partners worldwide). The opportunities to widen scholarly and practitioner access to Chinese theatre have been enhanced by two recent Leeds-led projects; the European Cultural Co-operation Project (2008-10) which focused on Chinese opera, covering higher education, professional practice and cultural industries, and the Cao Yu centenary exhibition, film production and lecture programme which celebrated the work of the most distinguished Chinese playwright of the twentieth century.
(2) Cross-cultural Encounters and Globalisation: builds on research and training in the fields of internationalisation, Sino-Japanese relations and transformations within East Asia, and the impacts of these processes on the UK and the EU. There are three projects: (a) to use Chinese and Japanese language in accessing data and to place interns in WREAC and in Chinese and Japanese-speaking environments, in order to develop a database of Chinese and Japanese companies investing in the UK, the historical and cultural dimensions of East Asian internationalisation, and the changing trajectories of East Asian company behaviour in the UK and the EU; (b) to use internships, international networks and links with Japanese and British public bodies, in examining community well-being and connectedness in Japan's shrinking regions with comparison of the effects of depopulation on such countries as Korea and the UK; (c) to build on initiatives bringing together scholars and PGRs in Sino-Japanese Studies through a series of themed conferences and workshops focusing on the history and memory of World War Two in the Asia Pacific, as well as Anglo-Japanese and Asia-Japanese reconciliation, and engaging NGOs with interests in war and reconciliation.
(3) Networks in Chinese and Japanese Language: (a) develops an international network of Supervisors in Teaching Chinese as a Second Language to exchange experience of supervision, discuss, develop and coordinate best practice in learning and teaching, and promote the development of Chinese linguistics; (b) establish a tandem Japanese network where native/non-native speaker-pairs work together to improve each other's language skills, communicate the purposes of their work in engaging with the academic community of their target language area, and realise opportunities for career development; (c) examine how recent cultural changes in Japan and China have altered negotiation expectations and practices among Japanese and Chinese negotiators and how this can inform Western business and public policy-making practitioners working in East Asia.

Planned Impact

The Centre's research has focused for maximum impact on applied and policy issues with user engagement underpinned by the development of national capacity in East Asian Studies through training ECRs/PGRs. In stage 2 WREAC will promote knowledge exchange and impact through internships and partnerships and sustain its capacity-building programme in language training networks, focused symposia and conferences, study weeks and training/methods workshops. All WREAC's proposed projects are based on existing and developing international networks and proven mechanisms to plan for and monitor impact, disseminate research outputs and involve users in planning.
Identities and Cultures in East Asia
The Mixed Cinema Network (MCN) and Performing China on the Global Stage (PCGS) enjoy reputations from research outputs already achieved, initial funding secured and external sponsor recognition. Both have brought the understanding of film and performance in Japan and China to a wider audience and practitioners. Further user engagement and knowledge exchange impact will be achieved through an MCN internee to contribute to the organisation of a research/practice workshop on Japanese and Chinese film at the Sheffield International Documentary Festival (June 2012). In PCGS impact will be achieved through a global theatre network of 40 institutions involving academics, artistic directors, theatre academies, companies, art centres, school children and communities in a series of stage productions, practice-led workshops and seminars.
Cross-cultural Encounters and Globalisation
Two projects (China and Japan Observatory [CJO] and Japan's Shrinking Regions [JSR]) will incorporate internships/placements in user and/or partner organisations using established user networks. CJO will promote knowledge exchange in deploying five interns in WREAC and the UKTI, CBBC, UNCTAD, JETRO, and Chinese and Japanese Chambers of Commerce. As an international hub of knowledge on Chinese-Japanese investment, the culture and history of business in the UK, and East Asian internationalisation, the Observatory, which has obtained initial funding, will be a first port of call for researchers, UK and East Asian companies, and government agencies. JSR will place two interns in regional NGOs in Japan who will also assist in developing relations with Japanese and British public policy bodies and contribute to the established European-wide 'Shrinking Regions Research Group' at a workshop/symposium/exhibition in summer 2013. The Sino-Japanese Relations project has already organised workshops (including methods training) and built an UK-EU PGR network which will be extended online and through knowledge exchange events to include scholars and PGRs from the USA, China and Japan, and relevant NGOs in a conference in summer 2012, training/methods workshop in June 2013 and an NGO-focused workshop in November 2013.
Networks in Chinese and Japanese Language
Two projects (Teaching Chinese as a Second Language [TCSL] and Tandem Japanese [TJ]) build on WREAC's current networks and training provision. TCSL will enhance impact through two associations, one each for supervisors and PGRs, both coordinated through symposia, to exchange information on experiences of best practice in Chinese language teaching; TJ will establish a paired network of PGRs as a mutually beneficial system of language improvement supported by a study week in Japan through WREAC's established network of Japanese universities. The third project, Negotiating with Asia (NWA) has emerged from ongoing exchange between WREAC researchers and business users in roundtables in order to increase understanding among Western practitioners of how expectations and practices among Chinese and Japanese negotiators have altered with recent cultural changes. Knowledge will be conveyed through a negotiation guidebook, language templates, internships in UK companies in East Asia and roundtables with Yorkshire business and beyond.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description WREAC has achieved its objectives, in its second phase, of building national PGR and ECR capacity in East Asian Studies, developing multidisciplinary research programmes, expanding knowledge exchange partnerships and generating impact. The eight projects under the scheme have focussed on identities and cultures in East Asian, cross-cultural encounters and globalisation, and Chinese and Japanese language training. The expansion of networks developed during WREAC's first phase, the creation of new networks and development of new partnerships, in addition to the generation of additional funding have exceeded expectations and have consolidated WREAC's international reputation.
Exploitation Route A number of the projects will continue to be funded by AHRC for a further two years (Staging China, Transitions Japanese, and Teaching Chinese as a Second Language (see AH/L006758/1) and will build on their current success to expand the networks internationally. The projects and networks that will no longer be funded by AHRC in the next phase have either become self-sustaining (e.g. the Sino-Japanese Relations Research Network), or are continuing through other initiatives (for example, the China Japan Observatory has set up links between Zhejiang University and the University of Leeds). The WREAC website will continue to be maintained in order to disseminate information about further developments of existing, and new, projects.
Sectors Creative Economy,Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections,Security and Diplomacy

URL http://www.wreac.org
 
Description Two of the main areas of non-academic impact relate to the Performing China on the Global Stage (PCGS) and Japan's Shrinking Regions (JSR). In both cases, the projects have developed robust links with professionals, practitioners and non-academic organisations to share knowledge and expertise. Specifically, PCGS has enhanced cross-cultural awareness within the general public in both China and the West of theatre practices, has informed agendas of theatre professionals, and helped them to generate new ways of thinking about creative work in performance and design. JSR has worked with local and prefectural governments in Japan to share knowledge on disaster planning. In addition, the project's work with schools (through the Geographical Association) has facilitated a deeper understanding on the part of school teachers and students of the linkages between physical and human geographical phenomena.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Creative Economy,Environment,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description AHRC Research Network Scheme: Translating Cultures (highlights) for Staging China project
Amount £44,872 (GBP)
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 02/2013 
End 09/2014
 
Description Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation for Staging China project (Performing China on the Global Stage: People, Society and Culture (conference grant))
Amount € 15,000 (EUR)
Organisation Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation for International Scholarly Exchange 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country Taiwan, Province of China
Start 03/2013 
End 03/2014
 
Description Funds for International Research Collaboration (FIRC) - Dr Ruru Li, Performing China on the Global Stage: People, Society and Culture
Amount £12,059 (GBP)
Organisation Worldwide Universities Network 
Sector Academic/University
Country Global
Start 11/2011 
End 06/2013
 
Description Sino-British Fellowship Trust - Dr Ruru Li, Enhancing awareness of Chinese theatre
Amount £1,000 (GBP)
Organisation The British Academy 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2012 
End 12/2014
 
Description TCSL collaboration 
Organisation Nanjing University (NJU)
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Organisation of annual international Symposium on the Supervision of postgraduates in TCSL.
Collaborator Contribution Co-organisers of the symposiums and speakers at the events.
Impact So far, four annual symposia have been organised. The research findings presented at these meetings will be published in a collected volume (for publication in 2017).
Start Year 2014
 
Description TCSL collaboration 
Organisation Wuhan University
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Organisation of annual international Symposium on the Supervision of postgraduates in TCSL.
Collaborator Contribution Co-organisers of the symposiums and speakers at the events.
Impact So far, four annual symposia have been organised. The research findings presented at these meetings will be published in a collected volume (for publication in 2017).
Start Year 2014
 
Description Foreign and Commonwealth Office-WREAC seminar series, May-June 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Seminars held at the FCO by nine WREAC academics on a range of policy-related topics, open to participants across Whitehall. Average audience size: 20-30 from a range of ministries. Publication East Asia in 2013: A region in transition.

Has led to invitations from FCO for follow-up talks (e.g. Professor Caroline Rose, April 2014, and Dr Hugo Dobson, September 2014) and circulation of individual papers on UK government website: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/tensions-in-sino-japanese-relations-in-2012-and-2013.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description JSR / PM BAJS Japan Conference "Sustainability and Revitalization in Rural Areas of Japan, Akita (2-3 November 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Dr Peter Matanle presented at the BAJS Japan conference - From Hashima to Carajas (via Shikoku): Explorations in East Asian Development and Global Environmental Exhaustion (2-3 November 2013 at Akita University and Akita International University)


Stimulated academic discourse and potential for further research collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.philipseaton.net/british-association-for-japanese-studies-japan-branch/bajs-japan-branch-...
 
Description JSR/AC Dissertation Proposal Workshop, University of Duisburg-Essen, June 26 and 28, 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Sheffield PhD student Agnieszka Charytoniuk presented at the Dissertation Proposal Workshop organised by DFG Research Training Group 1613 "Risk and East Asia" (WREAC collaborator) on June 26 and 28, 2012.



Networking opportunity for PhD students. Also the presentation helped cement the collaborative partnership between WREAC and DFG Research Training Group 1613 Risk and East Asia at University of Duisburg-Essen. http://www.uni-due.de/in-east/fileadmin/institutsb erichte/Institutsbericht_19.pdf
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
URL https://www.uni-due.de/riskandeastasia/fileadmin/pdf-files/Doc_Prop_26_28_06_2012.pdf
 
Description JSR/PM After the Tsunami: Post-Disaster Community Recovery in an Ageing and Shrinking Region, National University of Singapore, 16 April 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Academic discussion and networking.

Furthering academic discourse and collaborative links.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.fas.nus.edu.sg/jps/docs/Sem-16-04-2013.pdf
 
Description JSR/PM International Union for the Scientific Study of Population Conference in Pusan, 26-31 August 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Dr Peter Matanle presented a paper on Demography and Disaster in a Shrinking Region: Assessing the Local Impacts of the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami of 11 March 2011 at the conference.

Sparked academic dialogue and networking.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://busan2013.iussp.org/Programme.pdf
 
Description Japan Forum Special Issue: CONTESTED MEMORIES IN JAPAN - workshop 27 June 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Workshop to present research papers to form a special issue of the Japan Forum journal, guest edited by Prof GLENN D. HOOK (Co-I) Sheffield.

Forthcoming publication of Special Issue of the Journal and cross-centre dialogue and cooperation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Mixed Cinema Network workshop: Japanese Cinema Revisited, Meiji Gakuin University, Tokyo, 22-23 February 2013 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact International collaboration and cross-centre dialogue.

Organised by PhD student Julian Ross and MCN partner in Tokyo, Prof Ayako Saito.
Output: publication of the edited book Rediscovering Japanese Cinema, edited by Ayako Saito, Mika Ko and Julian Ross, proposal under consideration IB Tauris, World Cinema series, publication date: Autumn 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Mixed Cinema Network workshop: Landscape in Japanese and Chinese Cinema, University of Sheffield, 17-18 MAY 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation workshop facilitator
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Cross-centre discussion resulted from the activity.

Output resulting from the workshop: Inhabiting the City: Tropes of "Home" in Contemporary Chinese Cinema, Haiping Yan, The China Review, Vol. 13, No. 1 (Spring 2013), 93-135. This paper on 'Tropes of Home in Urbanizing China' focuses on cinematic and theatrical adaptations of historical events and fictional stories, taken from reservoirs of different civilisations and rendered with techniques of various media as well as mounted through artistic collaborations across national borders, in twentiet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Mixed Cinema Network workshop: Russian and Chinese Cinemas: Productive Interactions, University of Leeds, 12 March 2013. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Lively discussion between participants, who used the small, somewhat informal nature of the workshop as an opportunity to network and discuss plans for future collaboration.

Cross-centre dialogue, particularly in the area of Russian studies between WREAC (Leeds) and CEELBAS (Cambridge).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Mixed Cinema Network workshop: Kinuyo Tanaka Actress and Filmmaker, 3rd November 2012 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Talk sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

The Great Britain Sasakawa Foundation confirmed the social impact of the event by committing funds to produce a publication based on the retrospective and workshop - the edited book Kinuyo Tanaka: Actress and Filmmaker, edited by workshop participants Michael Smith and Irene Gonzalez (SOAS). Proposal currently being drafted for submission to publishers with a view to 2015 publication. The intellectual impact was affirmed by Smith's commitment to WREAC's continuing capacity-building role, as he has submitted postdoctoral applications based around further work on Tanaka.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description PhD workshop: 'Figuring Gender in East Asia: Image-Music-Text', University of Leeds, 14-15 January 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Type Of Presentation paper presentation
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Provided an opportunity for postgraduate students to present their work and to network with each other. Stimulated lively discussion and cross-centre dialogue.

Links forged between postgraduates with similar research links.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Tandem Japanese Language Learning Programme Study Week, Hokkaido University, Japan, 27-30 July 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This workshop builds on the Tandem Japanese project established in the first phase of WREAC's AHRC-funded LBAS funding, which pairs up UK and Japanese PGRs with a view to helping them develop their linguistic and research skills, and providing them with the opportunity to broaden their contacts and networks beyond their 'local' environment. The purpose of the July workshop and meeting was to develop close research links to collaboration between a limited number of UK and Japanese students, three from each side.

Facilitated further collaboration with an international partner university.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description WREAC IMCTS Tandem Language Learning Program Study Week, 2-5 Sept 2014 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact This workshop was part of WREAC's Tandem Japanese project in which UK PGRs were paired up with Japanese PGRs for language and research training. A total of 18 students from Japan (from the Hokkaido University Graduate School of International Media, Communications and Tourism Studies) and the UK (from East Asian Studies at Leeds University and the School of East Asian Studies at Sheffield University) came together to present their research in English and Japanese. Of these, four were officially paired as part of the tandem learning project. The event also included lectures by staff at IMCTS Hokkaido, EAS Leeds and SEAS Sheffield.

Facilitated cross-centre dialogue and gave students on both sides the opportunity to practice academic paper presentation in a foreign language.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014