Equalities of wellbeing in philosophy and architecture

Lead Research Organisation: University of Aberdeen
Department Name: School of Divinity, History and Philosop

Abstract

How do philosophy and architecture give us a distinctive way of understanding equality, and how can this have impacts on the wellbeing of individuals and communities? This is the primary question this project aims to address. We will look at an alternative history of the concept of equality found in both the 17th-century philosophy of Spinoza and in architectural thought. Here, equality is understood in terms of proportion, a way of thinking that can lead to new strategies for increasing equalities of wellbeing.

Standard notions of equality originate in the Enlightenment social contract tradition and depend on the assumption that every human being is an autonomous, rational subject. The resulting notion of the moral equality of reasoning subjects undergirds both 18th century political thought (e.g. Rousseau and Kant) and dominant theories of justice today (e.g. Rawls and Sen). The notion that all persons are moral equals is foundational in arguments for political equality and universal rights. However, while liberal democracies have increasingly committed to the political equality of citizens, their societies have become less and less economically equal over the past fifty years. Recent studies such as Wilkinson and Pickett's The Spirit Level have demonstrated the link between income equality and wellbeing. Wellbeing and "happiness" as indicators of national progress are now high on the public agenda. We are interested in finding out whether a concept of equality different from the standard moral-political sense, might provide a better foundation for arguments for income equality and greater wellbeing.

This alternative concept of equality is connected to an alternative concept of human subjectivity found in the 17th-century philosophy of Baruch Spinoza. Spinoza sees people not as equal rational subjects, but as fundamentally unequal individuals whose capacity for reasoning and freedom constantly varies with their bodily constitution, political circumstances, and emotional and social situation. He suggests that we should abandon the assumption of absolute moral equality, and instead look to ideas of geometrical proportion and mathematical ratio in order to understand what defines individuals, distinguishes them from others, and allows them to bind together into communities. What emerges is a concept of proportional equality which, if put into practice (Spinoza believes) would result in a greater equality of wellbeing among all individuals. Our contention is that thinking about equality in this Spinozian way can provide a foundation for societies to pursue equalities of wellbeing amongst citizens.

In Architecture, there is a long tradition of connecting a proportional conception of equality with wellbeing. From Vitruvius's classical treatise On Architecture, through to Renaissance and Enlightenment aesthetic ideals, through to modernist utopian building and social housing projects, architects have upheld geometric criteria of proportion and harmony. In the 20th century these criteria were strongly linked to generating greater equalities of wellbeing through housing design. While this connection was recognized, and standards of living space protected, in the 1960s-70s, it has been ignored over the past 25 years due to the drive for large quantities of affordable housing. As architectural theory and practice remain focused on increasing wellbeing, there is a need to interpret and discuss the connection to proportional equality in a distinctive way.

In the project we will do philosophical analysis on Spinoza's concept of proportional equality and connect it to case studies to see how it can be realized in architectural theory and affordable housing design. We will consult with professional groups and charities aiming at greater wellbeing through income equality and housing standards. The final outcomes will be a series of papers and a documentary film that will be accessible to a wide audience.

Planned Impact

We anticipate that the research will have three kinds of non-academic beneficiary:

1. Groups influencing government policy (UK)
Happiness and wellbeing are now central to statistical research and government policy. The Equality Trust, a charitable organization that aims to influence policy, campaigns to make governments focus on income equality as the key means to improving wellbeing. Action for Happiness draws on academic research to harness efforts to increase social wellbeing. Its parent charity, The Young Foundation, builds on research to develop social projects and influence policy. Its communities and housing team develops projects and tools aimed at improving wellbeing through the built environment. Think-tank The New Economics Foundation's Centre for Wellbeing works to improve wellbeing through various means including the built environment.

2. Professional architectural associations (UK)
Organizations for architects and built-environment professionals engage with how housing quality affects wellbeing. The Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE), now part of the Design Council, aims to put architecture and design at the heart of social renewal, and works with a wide range of organizations to inform the design professsion. The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) promotes better architecture at a policy level and in the profession; its Future Homes Commission investigates whether the size and quality of newly-built homes are fit for purpose. The Homes and Communities Agency (HCA) is the national agency in England that invests in new affordable housing and in improving existing social housing.

3. Charitable groups concerned with housing and wellbeing (UK)
The Joseph Rowntree Foundation works in a range of fields relevant to our research: housing market reform, housing planning, and assessing housing trends. Shelter is the leading authority on homelessness and poor housing in Britain and its research and policy section has a direct impact on its campaigning and services.

We aim to engage with the research and policy sections of these groups to have an impact on their body of knowledge and thinking, to feed into their campaigns, services, and practical activities. Our research aims to provide a philosophical foundation for a concept of equality that has a demonstrable link to increased wellbeing, and to apply this concept to architecture and the built environment. The research will benefit these groups, first, by providing a philosophical foundation for the connection between equality and wellbeing, something that has not previously been done. This will deepen their knowledge-base and add to its academic credibility. Second, the research will provide models and case studies for how equalities of wellbeing can be improved through affordable housing design. This will enhance their research and feed into specific projects and practices that improve communities through housing. Third, the research has potential to ground and generate related future projects.

In the first year of the project members of these groups will be invited to attend the initial seminar and to join our project advisory panel. They will be consulted on the aims and methods of our research at the outset, and consulted regularly through the project on methods, findings, and potential applications of the research, so that we monitor and understand the research impacts. We aim to post links to our website and position papers on the websites of some of these groups, and to advertise through their Facebook and Twitter feeds, thus benefiting their members and followers more widely. See the 'Pathways to Impact' document for further detail of these activities.

We have contacted many of the named groups, and several of them have indicated their interest in being on the advisory panel, including the Design Council, the New Economics Foundation, and several professional architects.

Publications

10 25 50

publication icon
Lord, B (2014) Spinoza, Equality, and Hierarchy in History of Philosophy Quarterly

publication icon
Thomas C (2018) From Complex Bodies to a Theory of Art in Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy

publication icon
Thomas C (2017) Philosophy after Nature

 
Title Equal by Design 
Description Equal by Design is a 25-minute documentary film about Spinoza, equality, wellbeing, and the UK housing crisis. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Since its launch in May 2016, the film has been viewed by several hundred people. We held a launch event, two public screenings, and several bespoke screenings for partcular organizations such as Shelter and Aberdeen City Council (each of these is described under its own entry in ResearchFish). In addition, the film is freely available online, and has been viewed by hundreds of site visitors. 100 viewers have completed a survey capturing what they thought about the film and how it has changed their thinking and behaviour. This data cannot be effectively summarized here, but it seems that the film has had considerable impact on its viewers and their attitudes to housing and equality. 
URL http://www.equalbydesign.co.uk
 
Title Exhibit at Making Wellbeing exhibition 
Description The project film, Equal by Design, was selected to be an exhibit in an exhibition called Making Wellbeing: From Birth to Death at the Building Centre, London. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact The film had an impact on the museum curator who chose to include it in the exhibition. 
URL https://www.buildingcentre.co.uk/exhibitions/making-wellbeing
 
Title Housing Design Diary 
Description Series of digital images accompanied by text, designed by architect Rae Whittow-Williams for the project. 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact Not yet known 
URL http://www.equalitiesofwellbeing.co.uk/category/housing-design-diary/
 
Description (1) Spinoza's philosophy is a philosophy of ratio (where ratio means reason, relation, and mathematical ratio). This concept is significant to his metaphysics, ethics, political philosophy, and philosophies of mind and body. This idea was developed in the project conference held in 2015 and the findings will be published in the edited book Spinoza's Philosophy of Ratio in 2018. (2) Spinoza's philosophy of ratio feeds directly into his theory of equality, and this is relevant for re-thinking individual and social wellbeing. This theme is explored especially in Lord's journal articles, research for which was funded by the project. (3) In particular, Spinoza's philosophy of ratio and concept of equality are relevant for thinking about the design, distribution, and availability of affordable housing. These themes are explored especially in Rawes's publications and presentations, and in the project film, Equal by Design. The project enabled us to work and exchange knowledge with architects, planners, and the charity sector as well as other academics to understand the connections between Spinoza, ratio, equality, wellbeing, and housing design, which culminated in the project film (free and publically available online). Our findings are relevant to architects, planners, local government, and policy advisers, as well as academics in these fields and in philosophy.
Exploitation Route Interested parties may watch the project film at www.equalbydesign.co.uk
Sectors Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Education,Environment,Healthcare,Government, Democracy and Justice,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL http://www.equalitiesofwellbeing.co.uk
 
Description The 25-minute documentary film, Equal by Design, has been viewed by hundreds of people, both academic and non-academic, including architecture and housing professionals, council workers, charities, and those influencing policy. A follow-up survey captured their responses and the impact the film has had on their thinking and work. The film was launched in May 2016 to an invited audience of 55 (project participants and selected influencers) at the Curzon Bloomsbury cinema, London. It was subsequently screened to public audiences at University College London and University of Aberdeen. These screenings were followed by panel discussion and Q&A with selected film participants. Screenings were subsequently arranged for the staff of Shelter (London), Levitt Bernstein architects (London), the Royal Town Planning Institute Scottish Young Planners' Network (Edinburgh), and Aberdeen City Council planning department. Since 30 June 2016 the film has been freely available to view at www.equalbydesign.co.uk and has been promoted through the project websites, Twitter, and by film and project participants. The film website has had 5,145 visits from 3,146 unique visitors. 53% of website visitors are based in the UK; 11% in the US, 3% in the Netherlands, and the remaining 33% are from 50+ other countries. We received survey responses from Brazil, New Zealand, Australia, and Russia, as well as the countries listed above. In an online survey of 100 people who viewed the film at screenings or online, the majority of respondents (59) worked in architecture, planning, housing, or design; 18 worked in philosophy, and the rest worked in charities or other sectors. The majority of respondents (80) had no knowledge of the project prior to seeing the film. The film caused respondents to think differently about Spinoza (47 respondents); Architecture and design (40); Equality and inequality (36); UK housing crisis (35); Wellbeing (35); Philosophy more broadly (27); Social issues more broadly (27); Their personal life (26); Politics (22); Their own work/professional practice (21); Their studies (19). For example, the difference in thinking respondents described included a new introduction to, or new appreciation of the relevance of, Spinoza and his ideas, and new connections made between Spinoza's philosophy and social/economic issues. Respondents indicated that the film had caused them to take action in their own work/professional practice (19 respondents); Architecture and design (14); UK housing crisis (14); Equality and inequality (13); social issues more broadly (13); Wellbeing (12); Their personal life (12); Their studies (10); Politics (9); Spinoza (8); Philosophy more broadly (8). The actions respondents described included reading more about Spinoza and philosophy, sharing the film in networks and meetings, joining a political party, signing petitions, writing to MP, donating to Shelter, and contributing to specific projects on active citizenship (Brazil) and housing (Birmingham). The film had a lasting impact on a curator at the Built Environment Trust, who selected it to feature in their exhibition at The Building Centre, London: Making Wellbeing from Birth to Death (Oct. 2017 - Jan. 2018). As part of the exhibition's events programme, the BET organized a panel discussion with film participants (London, Dec. 2017). Project findings have also been used by an artist/architect to inspire series of drawings. Findings were noted in a blog post on the website of the charity Shelter, and on a post by Beth Lord on The Forum blog.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Policy & public services

 
Description Peg Rawes Appointment to Harrow Council Design Review Panel
Geographic Reach Local/Municipal/Regional 
Policy Influence Type Participation in a advisory committee
URL http://www.harrow.gov.uk/news/article/538/experts_flock_to_new_better_design_for_harrow_initiative
 
Description Newberry Renaissance Consortium Grant
Amount $1,100 (USD)
Organisation Newberry Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country Georgia
Start 02/2017 
End 02/2017
 
Description Newberry Renaissance Consortium Grant 2015 (C. Thomas)
Amount £750 (GBP)
Organisation Newberry Foundation 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country Georgia
Start 01/2016 
End 01/2016
 
Description Santander Mobility Awards (C. Thomas)
Amount £700 (GBP)
Organisation Santander Universities 
Sector Private
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2014 
End 04/2015
 
Description ARENA Philosophy and Architecture conference (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 20 March 2015. Peg Rawes gave a peer reviewed conference paper, 'Biopolitical Ecological Poetics' at the ARENA Philosophy and Architecture Conference. Cite d'Architecture, Paris.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Agental Matters, RCA (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 22 November, Re-Use Invited Lecture, 'Agental Matters', Interior Design and Architecture, Royal College of Art (30 attending - students from the Architecture Department)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Architectural ecologies podcast (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Podcast of Peg Rawes's Lecture, 'Architectural ecologies and ratios', Bartlett International Lecture Series, UCL. It has been played 154 times to date.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://vimeo.com/147110283
 
Description Architecture and Feminisms conference (P. Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 19 November 2016, Peg presented a co-authored conference paper with Dr Doug Spencer (Westminster) on 'Material and Rational Feminisms' at Architecture & Feminisms: Ecologies/Economies/Technologies, AHRA (Architectural Humanities Research Association) 2016, KTH Stockholm. The audience was international and included around 50 academics, students, and architectural professionals.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Arts of Spinoza and Pacific Spinoza talk (B Lord and P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A screening of the film Equal by Design followed by brief talks and Q&A with Beth Lord and Peg Rawes by Skype. The event took place in New Zealand.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Bartlett International Lecture Series (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public lecture in the Bartlett International Lecture Series: Peg Rawes on "Architectural ecologies and ratios".
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.bartlett.ucl.ac.uk/architecture/events/peg-rawes-bartlettils
 
Description Beckett University talk (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 20 November 2015. Peg Rawes gave her paper, 'Housing biopolitics and care' at the International Architectural Humanities Research Association Conference. Beckett University, School of Art, Architecture and Design, Leeds, UK.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Burning House, UCL (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 17 November, Panellist at Rosi Braidotti research seminar, contribution titled 'Burning house', Institute of Advanced Studies, UCL (40 attending - UCL and other London staff and students), no known impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description CEMS talk (B Lord) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talk given to the interdisciplinary Centre for Early Modern Studies on "The free man and the free market: ethics and economics in Spinoza's Ethics IV". Audience of around 8, staff and postgraduate students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Canterbury School of Architecture talk (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 15 Oct 2015. Peg Rawes gave an invited lecture, 'Planetary ecologies, ratios and aesthetics' at the Canterbury School of Architecture, University of the Creative Arts, Canterbury.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Deleuze's biopower and housing equality (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 18 December, 'Deleuze's Biopower and Housing Equality', Jornadas Deleuze: Ontologia Practica Conference, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina (20 from that University and region)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Dissimilarity and housing welfare, London Architecture School (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 29 January 2018, Invited lecture, 'Dissimilarity and housing welfare', London Architecture School (30 attending - postgraduate students and staff from the School)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Equal by Design London screenings 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact In June we held two London screenings of project film Equal by Design. Held in the atmospheric Gustave Tuck Lecture Theatre at University College London, and organized by UrbanLab, the events featured lively discussion between our panel of speakers (Film contributors Deborah Garvie, Peter Barber, and Sarah Wigglesworth; Clare Melhuish from UrbanLab and Michael Edwards from UCL, alongside Peg Rawes and Beth Lord) and an audience of approx. 150 for each event. The audience of practitioners, students, and academics were keen to join the discussion. Many audience members completed the viewer survey afterwards.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Equal by Design premiere and launch party 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On Saturday 21 May 2016, project film 'Equal by Design' had its premiere screening at Bertha DocHouse in the Curzon Bloomsbury Cinema, London. Based on Peg Rawes' and Beth Lord's research from the Equalities of Wellbeing project, the film is a 25-minute documentary about how the philosophy of Spinoza helps us to think about inequality, housing design, and the UK housing crisis. Joining the project team at the premiere were the film's director Adam Low, producer Martin Rosenbaum (Lone Star Productions), editor Joanna Crickmay, and sound designer George Taylor. The screening was followed by a panel discussion chaired by Peg Rawes with film contributors Deborah Garvie (Shelter), Duncan Exley (The Equality Trust), Peter Barber (architect), Sarah Wigglesworth (architect), Olly Wainwright (journalist), and Alex Ely (architect). The audience members, who numbered around 75, joined the discussion and subsequent launch party, and included architects, academics, and third sector professionals. Many subsequently completed the online survey.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://equalitiesofwellbeing.wordpress.com/2016/05/22/equal-by-design-premiere-and-launch-party/
 
Description Equal by Design screening at Sheffield 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The film was screened by a student architecture group at Sheffield University, The Humanitarian Architecture Society. As this was done at their initiative and did not involve the project team, it represents an impact.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Equal by Design screening: Aberdeen City Council 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Beth Lord screened Equal by Design to Aberdeen City Council's planning department on 17 January 2017. The audience of around 20 followed up with a lively discussion of some of the issues in the film - including the suggestion that the next phase of the project should propose some practical Spinozistic solutions to the housing crisis.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Equal by Design screening: CEMS 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact The film was screened and a discussion was held at the Centre for Early Modern Studies seminar at the University of Aberdeen.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Equal by Design screening: Levitt Bernstein Architects 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Peg Rawes showed the film at the Levitt Bernstein Architects, as part of their Continuing Professional Development (CPD) programme, on Monday 4 July. Partner, Jo McCafferty, and colleagues took part in a conversation which considered the potential for the project to build alliances in the profession and also with other partners/stakeholders, especially, around health issues. The film's themes struck a chord with the practice, known for its thoughtful housing projects. Dan Liston commented here: 'The issues in the film are highly relevant to much of the work we do in our Practice and resonated with many of us on a personal level. It proved to be highly motivating and thought provoking at a time when the concerns raised could not be timelier.'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Equal by Design screening: SYPN 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact On 10 November 2016 Equal by Design was screened for a meeting of around 15 members of the Scottish Young Planners' Network (part of the Royal Town Planning Institute) in Edinburgh. The screening was followed by a discussion with Beth Lord, Adam Lang of Shelter Scotland, and Nikola Miller of Homes for Scotland.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Equal by Design screening: Shelter 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Third sector organisations
Results and Impact Tuesday 19 July: Peg Rawes and the filmmakers attended an in-house screening at Shelter (UK), and hosted by Deborah Garvie, for staff from London and Shelter Scotland. The discussion took in the current political context, the need to bring out positive approaches to tackling the issues (e.g. Land Trusts or examples of good practice from the EU/International housing contexts), and the value of 'reason' for engendering better notions of wellbeing and self-determination across society.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Equal by Design website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The website www.equalbydesign.co.uk hosts the project film (listed as a separate entry) and also a series of additional filmed materials that add depth and further information to the viewing experience. The website has had hundreds of site visitors, many of whom completed the online survey.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.equalbydesign.co.uk
 
Description Equalities of Wellbeing and Housing Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact 8 panel papers on equality and housing by research collaborators at a publicly-accessible event in London. All presentations and discussion were subsequently posted on the project website for open access.

Not yet known.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.equalitiesofwellbeing.co.uk/publications-from-equalities-of-wellbeing-housing-workshop/
 
Description Equalities of Wellbeing blog 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Project blog that describes and promotes our activities and also contains some reflective, public-oriented pieces on our research findings. It has had 2150 individual visitors to date.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014,2015,2016
URL https://equalitiesofwellbeing.wordpress.com/
 
Description Equalities of Wellbeing website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Public-facing website for the Equalities of Wellbeing project, on which publications, podcasts, and artwork are posted.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016
URL http://www.equalitiesofwellbeing.co.uk/
 
Description Film screening (Aberdeen May Festival) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Around 50 members of the public attended a screening of the project film Equal by Design, followed by a discussion with the project team, filmmakers, and a representative from Shelter Scotland. This sparked questions and discussion, and led several attendees to complete the viewer survey and to take greater interest in the project. This took place at the University of Aberdeen's May Festival, a major regional event for public engagement at the university.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Film screening and lecture, University of Westminster (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 6 February 2018, Equal By Design Film viewing and invited lecture on the film/project, History and Theory, Department of Architecture, University of Westminster (25 attending - staff and students from the Department)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Groningen Spinoza Symposium (C. Thomas) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper presented at a one day conference on Spinoza at the University of Groningen's department of Philosophy. Approximately 10-15 people, both academics and students, in attendance. Outcomes: The paper was re-worked into a journal article that has recently been accepted for publication.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Hobbes and Spinoza seminars, Sydney 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 5-day postgraduate seminar with around 10 students. Students gave presentations and wrote and presented responses to other academic papers as a result.

None as yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Housing and Wellbeing seminar, Part 2 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A workshop on housing, equality, and wellbeing bringing together academics, architects, and charitable sector professionals. This was a key event of the project that helped to exchange knowledge with expert practitioners and advance the research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Housing biopolitics and care, Art History UCL (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 8 February, 'Housing Biopolitics and Care', invited research seminar, Art History Department, UCL (30 attending - staff and students from the Department)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Is Equality Good for us? (Cafe Phi, Aberdeen) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public talk in a pub, followed by discussion.

None as yet
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Is Equality good for us? Public talk (Dundee) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact About 15 people attended a public talk followed by questions.

A small item appeared in the local paper.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description KADK Copenhagen talk (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 9 November 2015. Peg Rawes gave invited lecture, 'Relational architectural ecologies', The Institute of Architecture and Technology, KADK, Copenhagen.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description KTH Stockholm talk (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 9 October 2015. Peg Rawes gave an invited lecture and PhD Seminar, 'Materialist and ecological architectures', Department of Architecture, KTH Stockholm.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description LAHP Paper (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Panel paper: 'Resilience, resistance & research: Reflection on making in the Arts & Humanities', London Arts & Humanities Partnership LAHP, Kings College London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description London Architecture School talk (P. Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact On 9 January 2017, Peg Rawes gave an invited talk on the film Equal by Design at London Architecture School to 35 postgraduate students and academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description London Spinoza Circle talk (B Lord) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar presentation "The free man and the free market: ethics and economics in Spinoza's Ethics IV", given to an academic audience of around 16 people (academic staff and postgraduates) at Birkbeck College London. In association with the talk, I discussed plans for a future funding application with members of the London Spinoza Circle.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description MRes Interdisciplinary Urban Design talk (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 21 January 2016. Peg Rawes gave a lecture, 'Relational Architectural Ecologies' for the MRes Inter-disciplinary Urban Design, The Bartlett Faculty of the Built Environment, UCL
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Newberry Graduate Conference (C. Thomas) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper presented at the Centre for Renaissance and Medieval Studies annual conference at the Newberry research library, Chicago. The audience of around 20 people consisted of graduate students of an interdisciplinary background.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Newberry Graduate conference paper (C Thomas) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference paper C. Thomas "From Complex Bodies to a Theory of Art: Spinoza on Artistic Bodies", presented at the Newberry Centre for Renaissance Studies Multidisciplinary Graduate Student Conference 2016 in Chicago
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Night of Philosophy, Delft (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 12 May 2015. Peg Rawes gave a Panel Contribution on 'Spinoza, wellbeing and geometry' to The Night of Philosophy - Subjective Aesthetics?, Department of Architecture, TU Delft, Netherlands.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Panel on housing and wellbeing at The Building Centre (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 6 December, 'Housing: How architects can design for wellbeing and equality'. Panel Chair, with Sarah Wigglesworth, Peter Barber, Alex Ely at The Building Centre, London (150 attending - general public, architecture students and architects, building professionals)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Planetary Aesthetics at OTH Regensburg (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 7 November, Invited Lecture, title: 'Planetary Aesthetics', for Architecture and Design Department, OTH Regensberg, Germany (50 attending - staff and students from the Department), no known impacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Planetary Aesthetics, Cambridge (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 24 January 2018, Invited Seminar for ERC project, 'Planetary Aesthetics' Rethinking Urban Nature, Department of Geography, University of Cambridge (25 attending - from Department )
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description RCA Invited lecture (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 13 April 2015. Peg Rawes gave an invited lecture, 'Architectures of care' to MA Architecture at the Royal College of Art, London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description SEP-FEP 2015 talk (C Thomas) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference paper at the SEP-FEP 2015 conference in Dundee, C. Thomas on "The Creative Act: Towards a Spinozian Theory of Art"
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description SEP-FEP conference (C. Thomas) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Paper presented at conference where the attendance was approximately 20 people of academics and students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Self-Determination in Spinoza panel at SEP-FEP 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Panel presentation and discussion by the whole project team at SEP-FEP 2014 conference.

None
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Seminar paper, Toronto (B Lord) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Seminar presentation, "The free man and the free market: ethics and economics in Spinoza's Ethics IV" given to staff and postgraduate students at the University of Toronto philosophy seminar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Spinoza and Proportion conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact About 30 people attended an academic conference on Spinoza and Proportion held at the University of Aberdeen. All the papers were recorded as podcasts which were subsequently accessed by 195 people (listed under a separate entry). This will result in an edited collection to be published in a future year.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Spinoza and Proportion podcasts 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Podcasts of 11 papers from the Spinoza and Proportion conference, including visuals of speakers' powerpoint presentations, intended to communicate the conference presentations to a wider audience. Another purpose is to allow the speakers to listen to one another's papers again, in preparation for a joint publication. So far, 195 people have accessed the podcasts online.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://equalitiesofwellbeing.wordpress.com/2015/06/18/podcasts-from-spinoza-and-proportion-conferen...
 
Description Spinoza's ecology and geometry MA seminar (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact On Wed 4 March 2015 Peg Rawes gave a postgraduate seminar to students from the Bartlett School of Architecture, the RCA, the Slade and UCL Art History on Spinoza's Ecology and Geometry as part of her MA Architectural History Eco-aesthetics module 2015.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description The Forum blog post (B Lord) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public-oriented blog post on The Forum website, "Are we morally equal by nature?", by Beth Lord. To date, this blog post has had 1200 individual hits.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/theforum/are-we-morally-equal-by-nature/
 
Description The House that Philosophy Built 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact On 14 February 2017, Peg Rawes participated in 'The House that Philosophy Built', a panel on philosophy and architecture organized by The Forum (LSE) to a public audience of around 75.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/theforum/the-house-that-philosophy-built/
 
Description UCL talk (P. Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact On 19 January 2017, Peg Rawes gave an invited talk on the film to Architectural Interdisciplinary Studies, UCL, to around 25 students and academics.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description University of Westminster talk (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 11 November 2015. Peg Rawes presented Spinoza's geometric approach to ecology and wellbeing in the Panel: 'What's at stake in environmental design?' Department of Architecture, University of Westminster.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Urban Regeneration lecture series (P Rawes) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact 10 February 2016. Peg Rawes gave a lecture, 'Relational Architectural Ecologies', for the Urban Regeneration and Cultural Heritage Lecture Series, MA Architecture and Historic Urban Environments, Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description What does Spinoza mean by Equality in the Theologico-Political Treatise? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other academic audiences (collaborators, peers etc.)
Results and Impact Seminar paper presented at Jagiellonian University Krakow.

Invitation to contribute to an edited volume.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013