Semantic ENrichment Enabling Sustainability of arCHAeological Links (SENESCHAL)

Lead Research Organisation: University of Glamorgan
Department Name: Faculty of Advanced Technology

Abstract

Advisory guidelines on archaeological data entry encourage use of controlled vocabulary but the means to achieve this are lacking. Many datasets simply have free text descriptions. Other databases employ pick lists based on major thesauri but the output is still text rather than any standard ID that other databases will employ. Links to online thesauri exist with some web based data entry systems but free text entry inevitably leads to errors of various kinds. Controlled vocabularies are not readily available in standard semantic formats and easy means to provide controlled indexing are not generally available. Data providers lack an efficient way to provide uniquely identified controlled indexing of data that is compatible with semantic technologies and standards.

Knowledge Exchange (KE) activities based on enhanced vocabulary services are the focus of the proposed work. The general aim is to provide the means to encourage, but not force, data providers to use controlled types, by providing services to do this easily, together with tools for retrospective enrichment of existing datasets.

The work follows on from the STAR project that developed web services and user interface widgets that will be adapted and extended to meet the user needs described in this proposal. The services and KE activities will make it significantly easier for data providers to index their data with uniquely identified (machine readable) controlled terminology - ie semantically enriched and compatible with Linked Data. A further aim is to make it easier for vocabulary providers to make their vocabularies available in this format.

The project builds on the STAR/STELLAR collaboration between University of Glamorgan Hypermedia Research Unit and the Archaeology Data Service (ADS), with ADS playing a dual role as co-Investigators and users of the project outcomes. The work is in collaboration with project partners, English Heritage, who act as both vocabulary providers and users of the linked data creation and semantic enrichment services, together with RCAHMS and RCAHMW, in their role as national vocabulary standards setting bodies. Wessex Archaeology Ltd. and the Bespoke HER User Group join through their association as heritage data managers, data providers to Local Authorities and users of ADS resources.

The project will employ three major vocabulary resources maintained by EH as exemplars - the Monument Types Thesaurus, the Event Types Thesaurus and the MIDAS Archaeological Periods List. These resources will be converted to standard machine readable data formats and made freely available under a suitable open licensing arrangement. It is anticipated that converting these resources into standard linked data format with unique identifiers will encourage wider use of controlled terminology by archaeology users and act as exemplar for the wider cultural heritage domain. RESTful web services will be developed for the project to make the vocabulary resources programmatically accessible and searchable. These will include provision to 'feed back' new terms (concepts) suggested by users.

Summary of the main anticipated outcomes:
- Freely accessible and reusable persistent vocabulary resources as linked data, the techniques to achieve this being made freely available
- Web Services to SKOS representations of the vocabularies and semantic enrichment services, along with web application components
- Knowledge exchange for semi-automatic tools (using the services) to facilitate retrospective semantic alignment of existing datasets
- Knowledge exchange for tools to facilitate semantic enrichment (via URIs) within data entry
- Mechanism for feedback of supplementary terms to augment existing vocabularies
- The software developed will be available as open source.

Planned Impact

The main aim of the FOF funding scheme is knowledge exchange (KE) to support innovative and creative engagements with new audiences beyond academia. Thus the proposed work is very closely concerned with pathways to impact.

The problems that hinder the creation and the use of uniquely identifiable (linked) data vocabulary resources are widespread across different sectors. Data providers lack an easy means to provide uniquely identified controlled indexing of data that is compatible with semantic technologies and standards, such as linked data and SKOS. Currently thesauri are not fully part of the workflow for user indexing and search.

The list of collaborators demonstrates the wide scope of the work's impact, including the national Archaeology Data Service (ADS), English Heritage together with RCAHMS and RCAHMW, Bespoke HER User Group (BHER) and a major commercial archaeology unit (Wessex).

An obvious group that will benefit is the ADS user community. This comprises a broad range of users, including National and local government archaeologists and cultural heritage managers, museums and commercial archaeologists and members of the public (as well as HE). The project's results will be immediately useful to significant infrastructure services, such as the FISH Toolkit and OASIS.

Project partners, English Heritage together with RCAHMS and RCAHMW, will be enabled to make vocabulary resources available as Linked Data facilitating wider use, the techniques to achieve this being made freely available. Project outcomes are directly applicable to applications such as the Heritage Gateway, while the resulting infrastucture improvements are broadly relevant to the National Heritage Protection Plan. Persistent vocabulary resources would be readily reusable across the domain.

The outcomes would be useful for other sectors more generally (HERs, national and local government curators, commercial bodies, museums). This will deliver significant benefit beyond HE, including third sector and commercial, as shown by the new audiences represented by project partners, the HER community and Wessex Archaeology Ltd., in addition to the wider national audiences represented by RCAHMS /W. The partners together with ADS, as standards and practice influencing bodies, are well placed to disseminate the outcomes of the feasibility studies to their respective sectors.

Controlled vocabularies have the potential to act as hubs in the emerging Web of Data; the methods, guidelines and experience will be of benefit to the ongoing efforts in Linked Data by government and others associated with the open data approach. The enhanced linking of archaeological data will promote its integration into the broader semantic web, breaking down subject domain barriers as well as barriers between academic, commercial and government based archaeological practice.

Cross-fertilisation is likely with various European and transatlantic projects the project team are involved in, such as TAG: Transatlantic Archaeological Gateway, ESFRI DARIAH (ARENA2), CARARE (Europeana), Digging into Metadata.

The project will provide technical tools and also lead to new working practices for controlled metadata. The feasibility studies will serve as a vehicle for KE and dissemination, together with the two project workshops. In addition, the ADS and Glamorgan will engage in the dissemination activities outlined in the proposal. ADS engages in a series of regular dissemination activities under the direction of its Deputy Director (Access) (the Co-I). These activities include newsletters, RSS, twitter, blogs and other social media and the utilisation of email lists ( c.1000 subscribers). The project team regularly presents at national and international conferences and engages in an extensive programme of visits and guest lectures, all of which offer opportunities to disseminate project outputs.

Publications

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Binding C (2015) Improving interoperability using vocabulary linked data in International Journal on Digital Libraries

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Meghini C (2017) ARIADNE A Research Infrastructure for Archaeology in Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage

 
Description National cultural heritage thesauri and vocabularies have acted as standards for use by both national organizations and local authority Historic Environment Records but have lacked the persistent Linked Open Data (LOD) URIs that would allow them to act as vocabulary hubs for the Web of Data. The AHRC funded SENESCHAL project has made such vocabularies available online as Semantic Web resources. SENESCHAL stared with major vocabularies as exemplars and project partners will continue to make other vocabularies available. Other organizations are welcome to make use of the data and services which are open licensed.
https://www.heritagedata.org/blog/

RESTful web services were developed for the project to make the vocabulary resources programmatically accessible and searchable.
https://www.heritagedata.org/blog/services/

Widgets have been developed using the linked data vocabuklarties. The widgets are a suite of configurable interactive user interface controls that can be embedded directly within browser based applications to provide access to HeritageData vocabularies.
https://www.heritagedata.org/blog/widgets/

The outcomes have relevance beyond the immediate digital archaeology focus to cultural heritage more generally.
Exploitation Route See follow on EC FP7 ARIADNE project and now H202 ARIADNEplus
Sectors Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL https://www.heritagedata.org/blog/
 
Description We (and the vocabulary partners in the SENESCHAL project) published as (SKOS) Linked Data the nationally recognised cultural heritage thesauri standards from English Heritage, the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland and the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. This includes concepts widely used for indexing relating to monument types, archaeological events and time periods. The significance is that previously the vocabulary providers lacked the ability to facilitate uniquely identified semantic indexing of data. Major thesauri can act as vocabulary hubs for the Web of Data (as suggested by W3C Library Linked Data Incubator Group). For example, the availability of the Thesaurus of Monument Terms in this way is seen as a major development for the ADS archive metadata Linked Data (ADS Blog). This Linked Data publication of the English Heritage thesauri is a significant development in their vocabulary standards practice and their information access strategy. The potential reach is wide since it is a core activity of ADS, English Heritage, The Royal Commissions on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland/Wales to promote and disseminate best practice to the heritage sectors, as well as providing guidance on appropriate data standards including thesauri. The linked data vocabularies and web services will be integrated into the widely used ADS reporting/archiving tool, OASIS, which is in near universal use by commercial and local government archaeologists. Adoption of linked data based vocabulary management in this tool will immediately affect how all sectors engage in archaeological field practice and development control planning.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Creative Economy,Digital/Communication/Information Technologies (including Software),Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic

 
Description SENESCHAL project case study features in the Scottish Government Open Data resource pack,developed to support Scotland's Open Data Strategy which was published in February 2015. The Strategy sets out the Scottish Government's ambition for making data open
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0048/00483760.pdf
 
Description The SENESCHAL outcomes have contributed to current initiatives by EH and others for a collaborative heritage sector information management information access strategy (TACOS).
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
URL http://fishforum.weebly.com/tacos.html
 
Description EC FP7 Infrastructures Grant: ARIADNE (Advanced Research Infrastructure for Archaeological Dataset Networking in Europe)
Amount £205,000 (GBP)
Funding ID 313193 
Organisation European Commission 
Sector Public
Country European Union (EU)
Start 02/2013 
End 01/2017
 
Description H2020 Programme
Amount € 6,597,368 (EUR)
Funding ID H2020-INFRAIA-2018-1-823914 
Organisation European Commission H2020 
Sector Public
Country Belgium
Start 01/2019 
End 12/2022
 
Description Heritage Protection Commissions grants
Amount £28,757 (GBP)
Funding ID LD4HE 
Organisation Historic England 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2019 
End 06/2020
 
Description Historic Environment Scotland
Amount £7,900 (GBP)
Funding ID Period terminology research for Scottish chronology 
Organisation Historic Environment Scotland 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 12/2017 
End 03/2018
 
Description English Heritage 
Organisation English Heritage
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution STAR, STELLAR and SENESCHAL outcomes made a significant contribution to EH strategic objectivies in digital heritage and vocabulary management and standards. In STAR, The collaboration with English Heritage (EH) on digital archaeology has been interdisciplinary. EH have seen direct benefit, both to their datasets and the wider exposure of their thesauri via the terminology services and the implementation of their extension to the CIDOC CRM ontology for archaeology. The following remarks on the project's significance are contributed by EH. "One key outcome of STAR has been the development and dissemination of the EH ontological modelling (referred to by the project as the CRM-EH) in RDF, which otherwise would have been unlikely to have happened, and certainly not as soon. Another outcome from STAR has been the enhanced awareness of the CRM-EH and its ontological basis in the CIDOC CRM across wider cultural heritage and related IT sectors which has been significantly increased through the various STAR project publications, workshops and project team attendance at conferences and presentations. This has helped EH in promoting the potential use of standards like CIDOC CRM, SKOS and Thesauri for developing interoperability in the sector. Conversion of the EH Thesauri into SKOS format would have been very unlikely to happen so succinctly and effectively without the R&D expertise provided by partnership with Glamorgan Uni. This is a major benefit and considerable technological step forward for our sector that will have benefits across and beyond the heritage sector where the EH thesauri and related terminologies are the most widely used resource of their type. An example of this is the development by the STAR project of the SKOS terminology web services, particularly for other related resources such as ADS, which will most likely facilitate enhancement of the thesauri in SKOS format for the OASIS pan-UK online archaeological reporting system. " in SENESCHAL We (and the vocabulary partners in the SENESCHAL project) published as (SKOS) Linked Data the nationally recognised cultural heritage thesauri standards from English Heritage, the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland and the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. This includes concepts widely used for indexing relating to monument types, archaeological events and time periods. The significance is that previously the vocabulary providers lacked the ability to facilitate uniquely identified semantic indexing of data. Major thesauri can act as vocabulary hubs for the Web of Data (as suggested by W3C Library Linked Data Incubator Group). For example, the availability of the Thesaurus of Monument Terms in this way is seen as a major development for the ADS archive metadata Linked Data . This Linked Data publication of the English Heritage thesauri is a significant development in their vocabulary standards practice and their information access strategy. The potential reach is wide since it is a core activity of ADS, English Heritage, The Royal Commissions on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland/Wales to promote and disseminate best practice to the heritage sectors, as well as providing guidance on appropriate data standards including thesauri. The linked data vocabularies and web services will be integrated into the widely used ADS reporting/archiving tool, OASIS, which is in near universal use by commercial and local government archaeologists. Adoption of linked data based vocabulary management in this tool will immediately affect how all sectors engage in archaeological field practice and development control planning. We represented the English Heritage archaeological extension to the CRM ontology in RDF and as Linked Data. This allowed it to be a key ontology hub in the ADS archaeology Linked Data. This is another important step in English Heritage's strategic plans for information standards.
Collaborator Contribution STAR - English Heritage. The collaboration with English Heritage was very significant to the whole research project and absolutely necessary. Although there was no formal agreement the collaboration was planned and detailed in the Proposal - EH effectively acted English Heritage. UK non Research Organisation Keith May of English Heritage was a key member of the project team and project management. His contributions included design of the CRM-EH ontology, intellectual mapping of datasets to CRM-EH, writing and presenting outcomes, etc.
Impact General STAR, STELLAR, SENESCHAL project outcomes and outputs http://hypermedia.research.southwales.ac.uk/kos/star/ http://intarch.ac.uk/journal/issue30/tudhope_index.html http://hypermedia.research.southwales.ac.uk/kos/stellar/ http://hypermedia.research.southwales.ac.uk/kos/SENESCHAL/ http://www.heritagedata.org/
Start Year 2006
 
Description RCAHMS 
Organisation Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We (and the vocabulary partners in the SENESCHAL project) published as (SKOS) Linked Data the nationally recognised cultural heritage thesauri standards from English Heritage, the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland and the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. The significance is that previously the vocabulary providers lacked the ability to facilitate uniquely identified semantic indexing of data. Major thesauri can act as vocabulary hubs for the Web of Data (as suggested by W3C Library Linked Data Incubator Group). The potential reach is wide since it is a core activity of ADS, English Heritage, The Royal Commissions on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland/Wales to promote and disseminate best practice to the heritage sectors, as well as providing guidance on appropriate data standards including thesauri. The linked data vocabularies and web services will be integrated into the widely used ADS reporting/archiving tool, OASIS, which is in near universal use by commercial and local government archaeologists. Adoption of linked data based vocabulary management in this tool will immediately affect how all sectors engage in archaeological field practice and development control planning.
Collaborator Contribution RCAHMS were project partners in SENESCHAL and provided their archaeological vocabularies
Impact General SENESCHAL project outcomes and outputs http://hypermedia.research.southwales.ac.uk/kos/SENESCHAL/ http://www.heritagedata.org/
Start Year 2013
 
Description RCAHMW 
Organisation Royal Commission on Ancient and Historic Monuments of Wales
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We (and the vocabulary partners in the SENESCHAL project) published as (SKOS) Linked Data the nationally recognised cultural heritage thesauri standards from English Heritage, the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland and the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales. The significance is that previously the vocabulary providers lacked the ability to facilitate uniquely identified semantic indexing of data. Major thesauri can act as vocabulary hubs for the Web of Data (as suggested by W3C Library Linked Data Incubator Group). The potential reach is wide since it is a core activity of ADS, English Heritage, The Royal Commissions on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland/Wales to promote and disseminate best practice to the heritage sectors, as well as providing guidance on appropriate data standards including thesauri. The linked data vocabularies and web services will be integrated into the widely used ADS reporting/archiving tool, OASIS, which is in near universal use by commercial and local government archaeologists. Adoption of linked data based vocabulary management in this tool will immediately affect how all sectors engage in archaeological field practice and development control planning.
Collaborator Contribution RCAHMW were project partners in SENESCHAL and provided their archaeological vocabularies
Impact general outcomes of SENESCHAL project http://hypermedia.research.southwales.ac.uk/kos/SENESCHAL/ http://www.heritagedata.org/
Start Year 2013
 
Description The Archaeology Data Service (ADS) 
Organisation University of York
Department Archaeology Data Service (ADS)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution In STAR - Semantic information extraction from ADS OASIS grey literature library. Research demonstrator of semantic integration of archaeological datasets and grey literature reports, very relevant to ADS research strategy. Continuing collaboration through two other AHRC grants and FP7 project ARIADNE. ADS Co-I with us in AHRC projects STELLAR and SENSCHAL The Archaeology Data Service (ADS) were Co-Investigators in STELLAR. They used the STELLAR tools to map and extract CRM-based RDF and published Linked Data.
Collaborator Contribution The Archaeology Data Service (ADS) provided the extract of OASIS grey literature reports for the STAR NLP work. ADS hosted the final STAR workshop and also hosted a joint STAR/ArcheoTools project workshop which was very helpful in the early stages of the project. The Archaeology Data Service (ADS) were Co-Investigators in STELLAR. They used the STELLAR tools to map and extract CRM-based RDF and published Linked Data. ADS were Co-Is in STELLAR/. The research on semantic data integration (STELLAR) provided tools and techniques that enabled the Archaeology Data Service (ADS http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/) to extract and publish Linked Data from major commercial archaeology units' excavation datasets, integrated semantically via mapping to the CIDOC CRM ontology. It is envisaged this will serve as a catalyst for further production of archaeological Linked Data by ADS and others. Building on this work, we are leading the FP7 ARIADNE archaeology e-infrastructure Work Package, Linking Archaeology Data. The research enabled ADS (non-specialists in semantic technologies) first foray into Linked Data and represents a major development in practice and capability by ADS and in UK archaeological data publication. It has generated considerable attention. The significance also derives from the importance of the published datasets and the exemplar. The Linked Data includes datasets drawn the Channel Tunnel Rail Link and the Aggregates Levy Sustainability Fund, major archaeological programmes with excavations undertaken by two of the largest commercial units in England (Oxford Archaeology Ltd and Wessex Archaeology Ltd). Other datasets included an excavation database with details of the earliest ironworking yet known in Britain. As the only record of unrepeatable fieldwork, it is essential that these data are preserved and made available for re-use and re-interpretation. ADS were also Co-Is in SENESCHAL and made use of the SENESCHAL services in their content management system and actively partiicpated throughout the project.
Impact STAR, STELLAR, SENESCHAL project outcomes and outputs http://hypermedia.research.southwales.ac.uk/kos/star/ http://intarch.ac.uk/journal/issue30/tudhope_index.html http://hypermedia.research.southwales.ac.uk/kos/stellar/ http://hypermedia.research.southwales.ac.uk/kos/SENESCHAL/ http://www.heritagedata.org/
Start Year 2007
 
Title SENESCHAL tools (web services and widgets for linked data vocabularies) 
Description SENESCHAL - "Semantic ENrichment Enabling Sustainability of arCHAeological Links" http://hypermedia.research.glam.ac.uk/kos/seneschal/ A 12 month (Mar 2013-Feb 2014) AHRC funded project by University of Glamorgan, Archaeology Data Service with project partners: -> Bespoke HER user group -> English Heritage -> RCAHMS, RCAHMW -> Wessex Archaeology As project outcomes, national UK archaeological thesauri and vocabularies from EH, RCAHMS, RCAHMW (including Event types, Materials, Monuments, Objects, Periods) are now freely available as Linked Open Data via http://www.heritagedata.org - together with open source web services and user interface controls (widgets) that use the Linked Data vocabularies. A set of blog posts are available on the operation of the services and widgets and how to apply them in browser based applications http://hypermedia.research.southwales.ac.uk/kos/SENESCHAL/ and http://www.heritagedata.org/blog/ The SENESCHAL software (including services and widgets) is open source and freely available 
Type Of Technology Webtool/Application 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact • Adoption of SENESCHAL resource identifiers within Portable Antiquities Scheme (PAS) system • Usage of SENESCHAL web services in Archaeology Data Service backend systems to improve metadata consistency • Usage of SENESCHAL widget user interface controls by Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust in experimental applications • Flanders Heritage Agency development of 'SKOSprovider' software, utilizing SENESCHAL web services . Vocabulary mapping tool used by ARIADNE FP7 project based on SENESCHAL services and widgets (further developed) 
URL https://github.com/cbinding/SENESCHAL
 
Description Cataloguing and Indexing Group in Scotland seminar 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Cataloguing and Indexing Group in Scotland hosted a seminar on Linked Open Data at the Edinburgh Centre for Carbon Innovation, High School Yards, Edinburgh on Monday 18th November. Peter McKeague (RCAHMS) gave a presentation on SENESCHAL from the perspective of a vocabulary owner. The presentation sparked interest and discussion - note this was by a practitioner collaborator in the SENESCHAL project

general increased awareness and engagement with RCAHMS
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.heritagedata.org/blog/linked-open-data-a-practical-introduction-for-libraries-museums-and...
 
Description Digital Past 2013 (Semantic Technologies and Linked Data) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Digital Past is a two day conference which showcases innovative digital technologies for data capture, interpretation and dissemination of heritage sites and artefacts. We led a workshop on the potential of Semantic Technologies and Linked Data. It stimulated discussion, questions and interest, leading to further contacts.

General raised awareness and interest and generated contacts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2013
URL http://www.heritagedata.org/blog/spreading-the-word/
 
Description END Technical Working Group 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact RCAHMW co-ordinates the Extended National Database Technical Working Group, which includes partners from the four Welsh Archaeological Trusts, Cadw, Amgueddfa Cymru - the National Museum of Wales and the National Trust. The group meets to set and maintain standards for recording information about the historic environment in Wales, including lists of controlled vocabulary. The talk is part of ongoing engagement with END and RCAHMW to explore exploitation of semantic technologies in the Welsh heritage sector,

Continued and deeper engagement with END and RCAHMW
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://www.heritagedata.org/blog/spreading-the-word-3/
 
Description FISH-HEIRNET Spring Technical Meeting 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Extract from meeting minutes - http://fishforum.weebly.com/uploads/1/4/2/7/14279169/fish-heirnet_3rd_spring_technical_minutes_26_04_13.doc
Ceri Binding of the University of South Wales gave a PPT presentation on the SENESCHAL project, the main deliverables of which are to produce controlled vocabularies online, Web services and tools to align data with controlled vocabularies. The presentation is available on the FISH Website.
The meeting then discussed this project and the use of controlled vocabulary at length. Discussions included whether the products of this project could be used to create a vocabulary of pottery wares/fabrics; the potential use in the development of OASIS; the next SWISH development; the potential for the creation of the Thesaurus of Cultural Heritage; application with HLC; use with the FISH Toolkit.
Practical issues associated with maintaining and hosting the various tools were discussed as CB said that the aim of the project was to create the tools and didn't focus on future maintenance or hosting. Various suggestions were made including ownership by FISH and the creation of the persistent URIs. The sustainability of these was raised with the possible involvement of the ADS.
...
GG asked what FISH had to do to in terms of disseminating and getting buy in from the represented organisations to implement and use these products and tools. One area talked about was the use of these tools with the HERs - HBSMR and Bespoke HERs.
Other discussion was on the need to influence funding bodies, eg AHRC to encourage the practical applications of these tools.
The discussion covered linked open data and possible issues with licensing for commercial use.


Again there was a very positive response, further progressing the alignment of the project with and aid the work the FISH terminology working group and HER's and the English heritage research agenda.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
URL http://fishforum.weebly.com/fish-heirnet-meetings.html
 
Description Historic Scotland workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact From our point of view the discussion/questions was particularly fruitful, providing good insight into areas where people thought the Linked Data and web services approach might be particularly helpful. Good discussion of future plans. EH, Historic Scotland, RCAHMS all contributing. Good engagement with Scottish digital heritage community including some environmental and government areas not previously contacts.

Discussions and various plans for future action and future projects.
Also plans for extending the SENESCHAL tools and techniques to Irish Maritime vocabularies resulting in contacts made with Irish maritime vocabulary owners and MEDIN Marine Environmental Data and Information Network (BODC) http://www.oceannet.org
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.heritagedata.org/blog/seneschal-on-the-road/
 
Description Presentatation at ISKO-UK 2015 Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Prsenentation by Ceri Binding on SENESCHAL and ARIADNE FP7 project outcomes

http://www.iskouk.org/content/vocabulary-linked-data-publication-and-mapping
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.iskouk.org/content/isko-uk-conference-2015-knowledge-organization-making-difference?page=...
 
Description Presentation at NKOS 2014 - 13th European Networked Knowledge Organization Systems workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at NKOS 2014 workshop, at City University London, part of joint TPDL and JDL conference by Ceri Binding
5 star data - achieving the 5th star
https://at-web1.comp.glam.ac.uk/pages/research/hypermedia/nkos/nkos2014/programme.html



workshop led to special issue of IJDL journal co-edited by Douglas Tudhope and a subsequent publication
and discussions on guidelines for vocabulary mapping
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://at-web1.comp.glam.ac.uk/pages/research/hypermedia/nkos/nkos2014/programme.html
 
Description Presentation at Pelagios Linked Pasts workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation at Pelagios Linked Pasts workshop at KCL
including SENESCHAL outcomes by Ceri Binding and discussion in workshop groups
http://pelagios-project.blogspot.co.uk/2015/03/linked-pasts.html


blog in ARIADNE project resulted mentioning our work
http://ariadne-infrastructure.eu/News/ARIADNE-at-Linked-Pasts
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://pelagios-project.blogspot.co.uk/2015/03/linked-pasts.html
 
Description SENESCHAL outcomes at TACOS Strategy Seminar for historic environment sector 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS)
On 14 May 2014 the Council for British Archaeology (CBA) hosted a one-day seminar on behalf of FISH and HEIRNET at the University of York to discuss common issues facing the historic environment information sector and make progress towards a shared vision and agenda for historic environment information management.

The key aims of the seminar were to:
Encourage discussion between different groups that produce and manage historic environment information from across the sector (professional, research and voluntary to identify common goals and issues.
Develop information sharing networks and working partnerships across the sector to pool resources particularly in the areas of skills development and application of information technology.

The one-day seminar will bring together a diverse group of representatives from across different areas of the sector in 'world café style' discussion sessions. Delegates will be rotated between tables to encourage new dialogue between individuals representing different areas of the sector. Each session will start with three keynotes introducing different topics within the main theme followed by breakout sessions to discuss key issues and look at potential solutions.

A parallel 'virtual' seminar was held alongside the York seminar to encourage remote participation.

We presented one of the keynote talks on SENESCHAL project outcomes.

The SENESCHAL presentation contributed to the discussions on this high level, strategic planning meeting for the sector, organised by Council for British Archaeology and English Heritage. Various follow on plans are being developed. The SENESCHAL team at University South Wales has been invited to participate in FISH HEIRET meetings. http://fishforum.weebly.com/fish-heirnet-meetings.html

"HEIRNET - the Historic Environment Information Resources Network - was formed by a group of organisations with an interest in information relating to archaeology and the historic environment. HEIRNET enables access to Historic Environment Information Resources for conservation, research, learning and general interest. It does this by promoting HEIRs, informing information managers about new developments in information technology and by offering them technical advice." http://www.archaeologyuk.org/heirnet/
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.archaeologists.net/groups/imsig/tacos
 
Description Workshop at Archaeology Data Service, King's Manor, York 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The second of three workshops at end of project with practitioners (hosted by ADS). Demonstrations and discussions of SENESCHAL project outcomes (including HeritageData linked data vocabularies) and examples of early adopters of the SENESCHAL web services, including Portable Antiquities Scheme and ADS content management. Good discussions.

Once again an interested and engaged audience attended and there were stimulating discussions on all aspects of terminology usage, including the SENESCHAL web services and widgets. One significant topic of discussion concerned the use of HeritageData resources in applying validation and quality control to archaeological datasets to improve vocabulary usage. Another outcome was discussions on future plans and synergy with BIAB - british and irish archaeological bibliography
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.heritagedata.org/blog/seneschal-on-the-road/
 
Description Workshop at RCAHMW, Aberystwyth 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The third of three workshops on SENESCHAL project outcomes part of a regular Welsh Extended National Database Technical Working Group meeting organised by RCAHMW. Included an experimental demonstration of how SENESCHAL widgets might be incorporated into Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust web applications.

Discussed future plans and activities in the Welsh context and also development of the Welsh vocabularies. Contacts made with the Welsh Archaeological trusts. We discussed examples of terminology usage within a number of online applications where SENESCHAL outcomes could potentially have a supporting role. The group were interested in future possibilities regarding multilingual vocabulary resources, following a demonstration illustrating how Scottish Gaelic terms had been incorporated into the RCAHMS Monument Types thesaurus.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.heritagedata.org/blog/seneschal-on-the-road/