Musical impact: A study of the effects of music making on musicians' health and wellbeing

Lead Research Organisation: Royal College of Music
Department Name: Research

Abstract

Few pursuits are as dynamic and enjoyable as making music. Each day, thousands of people in the UK engage in some sort of musical activity. Central to these endeavours is good health. Physical and mental wellbeing can shape how musicians, from beginners to professionals, pursue their art and the pleasure they take from it. The results of recent research, however, suggest that injury and ill health are widespread among musicians and that healthy approaches to training and working in music are far from uniform. This project investigates the health and wellbeing of musicians. In doing so, it generates new knowledge of the physical and mental demands of music making and sheds light on the ways in which musicians at all levels meet those demands, both constructively and destructively. While musicians typically have a long history of self-sufficiency in managing the challenges of performing, this project aims to complement musicians' own ingenuity by providing comprehensive, evidence-led resources to help maximise educational and professional opportunities. Musical Impact is a project of Conservatoires UK (CUK), in association with Cardiff University, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Association of British Orchestras (ABO), British Association for Performing Arts Medicine (BAPAM), the Musicians' Union, and the International Health Humanities Network (IHHN).

Musical Impact operates through three interrelated work packages (WPs). WP1 comprises a four-year study of musicians' physical and mental fitness for performance. While previous research has largely looked at cross-sections of musicians, WP1 takes the form of a large-scale longitudinal study with conservatoire students, staff and alumni, seeking to understand the incidence, extent and development of injuries and ill-health among British musicians. WP1 employs standardized measures of health promotion, anxiety, perfectionism, cardiovascular fitness and physical strength and flexibility, complemented by qualitative exploration of the cultures of musicians' health.

WP2 places practice and performance under investigation, documenting their physical and mental demands and the characteristics of musicians who successfully meet those demands. Physiological and biomechanical assessments will be made during the practice and performance of musicians, including the recording and analysis of muscle activity using electromyography and the monitoring of energy expenditure with portable gas analysers.

WP3 builds upon WPs 1 and 2, exploring health promotion in music education and the profession and exploring practical applications to enhance training and support services. WP3 includes the development of two programmes of health promotion: one for junior conservatoire students and one for senior conservatoire students. These programmes will be piloted and evaluated through case studies, a questionnaire survey and interviews, before being delivered in full at junior- and senior-programmes across all CUK conservatoires.

Musical Impact is the largest research initiative of its kind worldwide. It moves beyond existing research to contribute needed insight into chronic and acute health problems and their impact over time (WP1), the physical and mental demands of music making (WP2), and effective strategies for health promotion (WP3). The project's outcomes will be delivered through a combination of scholarly outputs (including an edited book), six workshops held for music teachers and students, and two freely-available resource packs.

Planned Impact

Who will benefit from this research?

Beneficiaries of Musical Impact are musicians young and old, amateur and professional, students, teachers and performers. The work will build on existing links with three major organisations representing users: Association of British Orchestras (ABO), British Association for Performing Arts Medicine (BAPAM), and the Musicians' Union. All three will provide access to professional musicians as participants in health promotion initiatives as well as research. Musical Impact is also likely to be of interest to the general public, since music is central to the lives of so many people, and it is envisaged that public relations staff at each CUK institution will contribute to the dissemination of the project's methods and findings through the media - print news, radio, TV, online - over the course of the project.

How will they benefit from this research?

Music making is widespread in the UK - among young and old, by amateurs and professionals, in community settings and concert halls. While we often think of music making as enjoyable and health-promoting, research shows that injuries among musicians are rife. Surprisingly, little has been done to address this problem, either in terms of music-relevant research or the application of research to educational and professional contexts. With recent regulations on noise in the workplace and several grass-roots calls to promote health more effectively among musicians (from teachers, schools, conservatoires and professional bodies), Musical Impact will fill a much needed gap, generating new knowledge, engaging students, teachers and employers, and building bridges between research and its application in the real world. Indeed, the findings of our work have the potential to extend performing careers, open up new types of job opportunities within the music and creative industries, improve the chances of performing artists' positive health extending into older age, and impact on future training methods for musicians of all ages. Our team is well placed to realise a lasting impact, given our placement within the sector and proven track records of engaging key stakeholders and specialist and non-specialist audiences.

Specifically, impact will be made through three pathways: (1) three conference strands aimed at the research community, including musicians involved in practice-based and artistic research, (2) six project workshops, reaching 400-600 practitioners - students, teachers and performers - and (3) freely available resource packs designed for music teachers and secondary/higher education institutions, made available via the project website. To facilitate this, collaborative agreements are in place with ABO, BAPAM and the Musicians' Union (see Letters of Support). The findings of Musical Impact will reach those in conservatoires with responsibility for planning and delivering curricula and therefore future training methods for musicians of all ages via scholarly outputs and workshops. They will reach those who manage employment within the creative industries (such as orchestras and professional choruses) and performers and teachers via workshops and resource packs. They will reduce the financial burden on individuals and charities such as the Musicians Benevolent Fund, which has contributed £80,000 over the past five years to the cost of treatment for student musicians. They will improve the chances of performing artists' positive health extending into older age and thus extend their careers. They will also open up new types of job opportunities in health promotion within the music and creative industries.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Description Key findings continue to emerge as data are analysed, and currently cluster into three groups:

1. Music students' perceptions, attitudes, and behaviours toward health

Key findings show that music students have higher levels of wellbeing and lower fatigue than comparable samples outside of music. However, they also reveal some concerning perceptions, attitudes, and behaviours towards health. Specifically, engagement in health responsibility and stress management was lower than expected which, along with high perfectionistic tendencies, limited use of coping strategies, poor sleep quality, and low self-rated health, paints a troubling picture both for music students and for those who support their training.

2. Performance stress

Key findings show that across a high-stress public singing performance, there is a significant increase in both cortisol and cortisone levels, indicating a heightened fight or flight response. However, for a low-stress performance, the results showed the opposite pattern: a significant decrease in both cortisol and cortisone, as well as a reduced cortisol-cortisone ratio, indicative of a relaxation response. This latter finding suggests that singing, in itself, can be a stress-reducing - and potentially health-promoting - activity. In relation to performance auditions, findings show that a high stress performance situation elicited greater cardiovascular reactivity, as compared with a low stress performance. ?When looking within single performances, we saw the greatest cardiovascular reactivity in the pre-performance period, before the musicians began playing.

3. Musicians' pain

Key findings show that nearly 80% of musicians in the sample reported pain in the upper body. This is higher than that cited in the majority of studies with professional musicians and suggests advanced music students are at particular risk of developing musculoskeletal health problems. The overall prevalence was high regardless of specialism, with no differences between musicians whose performance required symmetrical or asymmetrical body alignment. Across the sample, the pain frequency maps show that pain was most commonly felt in the neck, shoulders, lower back, and right arm.
Exploitation Route Musical Impact findings have been and will continue to be disseminated to a wide range of audiences and practitioners in the following ways:

• over 90 national and international presentations and engagement activities
• 21 peer-reviewed articles to date
• new technology to monitor musicians' health and wellbeing - i.e. a SoundScreener and pain app
• access to additional funding of over £400,000
• constitution of the Healthy Conservatoires Network (HCN). The HCN brings together key stakeholders from across the performing arts sector to assist in supporting aspects of health promotion and occupational wellbeing for performing artists across the UK, based on the Musical Impact findings.
Sectors Creative Economy,Education,Healthcare

URL http://healthyconservatoires.org/musicalimpact/
 
Description Musical Impact has impacted on musicians, conservatoires and sector partners. For musicians: Research from the project has directly engaged with over 1500 musicians, ranging from CUK junior and senior students to professional musicians around the UK, including: • 90-minute fitness screenings for over 600 musicians • 3-hour vocal health screenings for over 150 musicians • 4-hour biomechanical assessments for 20 musicians • 1-hour physiological assessments for 30 musicians • 20 hours of in-depth interviews with over 30 CUK students and professional musicians For conservatoires: All CUK institutions and other European conservatoires have engaged with the project, including: • data collection, nationally and internationally • presentations, lectures, seminars and workshops, reaching a total audience of 3500 people For sector partners: The project has generated interest within and beyond our immediate sector partners, including: • data collection, within specific orchestras and across the sector • mainstream reports of research findings - e.g. on YouTube, BBC Radio 3 and BBC Radio 4 • presentations, lectures, seminars and workshops, reaching a total audience of 5000 people Drawing together the project's impact is the constitution of the Healthy Conservatoires Network (HCN). The HCN brings together key stakeholders from across the performing arts sector to assist in supporting aspects of health promotion and occupational wellbeing for performing artists, including: • biannual meetings since 2015 • in-depth case studies of best practice • over 200 members from among CUK staff and students, plus members from the UK performing arts sector, international conservatoires and UK universities All members are actively engaged with the network to work towards a shared vision - the creation of a healthy conservatoire. The HCN aims to inspire and support environments that promote and enhance the health and wellbeing of performing artists, in order for performers to achieve their full potential and to build healthy, sustainable careers. It provides a forum where members can come together to: • receive news and updates on the health needs identified as priorities for performing artists, • communicate and discuss 'hot topics' in conservatoires and provide access to peer support, • share good practice, • engage with research, innovation and evidence-informed practice, • obtain guidance on creating and maintaining a healthy conservatoire. Collectively, members of the HCN aim to: 1. Lead organisational and cultural change: by helping to embed Healthy Conservatoire principles and creating change in organisational ethos, culture, policy and planning processes. 2. Generate high visibility innovative action: through research evidence and case studies of existing practice the HCN aims to showcase CUK's commitment to creating world-leading support for the promotion of health and wellbeing. 3. Provide leadership and advocacy: by communicating the needs of the sector, HCN members aim to advise senior decision-makers on the sustainable development of health and wellbeing. 4. Respond to public health and performing arts-specific challenges to health and wellbeing: by ensuring that CUK institutions are at the forefront of action to address key challenges pertaining to its population. 5. Set an example for active health promotion in other settings, effectively drawing attention to resources and opportunities for creating the conditions in which health and wellbeing can flourish across the performing arts.
First Year Of Impact 2014
Sector Communities and Social Services/Policy,Creative Economy,Education,Healthcare
Impact Types Cultural,Societal

 
Description Healthy Conservatoires Network (HCN)
Geographic Reach National 
Policy Influence Type Influenced training of practitioners or researchers
Impact The Healthy Conservatoires Network (HCN) brings together key stakeholders from across the performing arts sector to assist in supporting aspects of health promotion and occupational wellbeing for performing artists, including: • biannual meetings since 2016 • in-depth case studies of best practice • over 150 members from among CUK staff and students, plus members from the UK performing arts sector, international conservatoires and UK universities All members are actively engaged with the network to work towards a shared vision - the creation of a healthy conservatoire. The HCN aims to inspire and support environments that promote and enhance the health and wellbeing of performing artists, in order for performers to achieve their full potential and to build healthy, sustainable careers. It provides a forum where members can come together to: • receive news and updates on the health needs identified as priorities for performing artists, • communicate and discuss 'hot topics' in conservatoires and provide access to peer support, • share good practice, • engage with research, innovation and evidence-informed practice, • obtain guidance on creating and maintaining a healthy conservatoire. Collectively, members of the HCN aim to: 1. Lead organisational and cultural change: by helping to embed Healthy Conservatoire principles and creating change in organisational ethos, culture, policy and planning processes. 2. Generate high visibility innovative action: through research evidence and case studies of existing practice the HCN aims to showcase CUK's commitment to creating world-leading support for the promotion of health and wellbeing. 3. Provide leadership and advocacy: by communicating the needs of the sector, HCN members aim to advise senior decision-makers on the sustainable development of health and wellbeing. 4. Respond to public health and performing arts-specific challenges to health and wellbeing: by ensuring that CUK institutions are at the forefront of action to address key challenges pertaining to its population. 5. Set an example for active health promotion in other settings, effectively drawing attention to resources and opportunities for creating the conditions in which health and wellbeing can flourish across the performing arts. This is the first network of its type, and the first time that UK conservatoires have come together to provide a uniform approach to the health and wellbeing of musicians in higher education.
URL http://musicalimpact.org/Network
 
Description AHRC Follow-on Funding for Impact and Engagement [Healthy Performer]
Amount £80,639 (GBP)
Funding ID AH/T005602/1 
Organisation Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC) 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2019 
End 10/2020
 
Description BPS Division of Health Psychology Public Engagement Grant 2015 [Better Practice]
Amount £400 (GBP)
Organisation British Psychological Society (BPS) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2015 
End 01/2016
 
Description BPS Division of Health Psychology Research Seminars Competition 2015 [Better Practice]
Amount £650 (GBP)
Organisation British Psychological Society (BPS) 
Sector Charity/Non Profit
Country United Kingdom
Start 05/2015 
End 05/2016
 
Description Royal College of Music Internal Research Funding [2015-2016]
Amount £5,917 (GBP)
Organisation Royal College of Music (RCM) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2015 
End 06/2016
 
Description Royal College of Music Internal Research Funding [2016-2017]
Amount £10,176 (GBP)
Organisation Royal College of Music (RCM) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2016 
End 06/2017
 
Description Royal College of Music Internal Research Grant [Fit to Perform]
Amount $2,117 (USD)
Organisation Royal College of Music (RCM) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 10/2017 
End 10/2017
 
Description Royal College of Music Internal Research Grant [Fit to Perform]
Amount £7,150 (GBP)
Organisation Royal College of Music (RCM) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2018 
End 03/2019
 
Description Royal College of Music Internal Reseearch Grant [Fit to Perform]
Amount € 5,000 (EUR)
Organisation Royal College of Music (RCM) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2017 
End 09/2017
 
Description Royal College of Music Internal Reseearch Grant [Fit to Perform]
Amount £3,576 (GBP)
Organisation Royal College of Music (RCM) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 07/2017 
End 09/2017
 
Description Royal College of Music Staffing Enhancement Grant [Musical Impact]
Amount £59,142 (GBP)
Organisation Royal College of Music (RCM) 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2013 
End 09/2017
 
Description SUPSI Research Grant Design for Wellbeing project [Williamon, De Luca and Eiholzer]
Amount SFr. 100,000 (CHF)
Organisation University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Italian Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University
Country Switzerland
Start 04/2017 
End 09/2018
 
Description Trinity Laban Equipment Grant [Making Music]
Amount £174,816 (GBP)
Organisation Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2015 
End 09/2017
 
Description Trinity Laban Staffing Enhancement Grant [Making Music]
Amount £12,962 (GBP)
Organisation Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 03/2015 
End 09/2017
 
Title Fit to Perform Protocol 
Description The Fit to Perform screening protocol was developed as a physical and mental health assessment package for musicians, first compiled in 2006 and then expanded and refined in 2013. It comprises four stages: 1. Stage 1 (5 min): introductory briefing for the participant, collecting signed informed consent from the participant, and a preliminary screening using the Physical Activity Readiness-Questionnaire (PAR-Q) to assess participants' suitability for taking part in a sub-maximal cardiovascular fitness test (ACSM, 2014). 2. Stage 2 (40 min): survey, delivered online using Surveymonkey®, including self-report measures of health-promoting behaviors, perceptions, and attitudes to health and wellbeing based on existing questionnaires (see section 'Stage 2 Measures' below). Participants also completed a pain drawing on a digital interface (Apple iPad 2) using a stylus pen designed for tablets (CS100B, Wacom, Vancouver, WA, United States) and a commercially available sketching software (SketchBook Pro) (Barbero et al., 2015; Cruder et al., 2017). 3. Stage 3 (35 min): assessment of body composition (i.e., height, weight), resting blood pressure, lung function, strength and endurance (i.e., hand grip, plank and press-up), flexibility and range of motion, and cardiovascular fitness. Participants completed a version of the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire-Extended (Dawson et al., 2009). Where pain in the arm, shoulder, and hand was reported, they also completed the Quick Dash (Germann et al., 1999; Beaton et al., 2005). 4. Stage 4 (10 min): debriefing and summary of a selection of Stage 3 fitness results (i.e., blood pressure, cardiovascular fitness, grip strength, sit and reach, and press up) where data were immediately processed and could be compared against published norms, as well as providing relevant health-promotion leaflets and health education information. 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2017 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The protocol has been used to provide fitness screenings for over 600 musicians, including providing each participant with immediate feedback and sources of further information. New evidence based approaches have been developed for promoting and enhancing the health and wellbeing of musicians. 
URL http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01558
 
Title Vocal Screening Protocol 
Description The Vocal Screening protocol was developed as vocal screening package for musicians, first compiled in 2014 and then refined in 2016. It comprises six stages: Stage 1: INFORMED CONSENT & Stage 2: AERODYNAMIC MEASUREMENTS • Consent form • Par-Q • Lung capacity/spirometer • s/z Ratio - best out of 3 Stage 3: SPEAKING/SHOUTING VOICE, VOICE RANGE PROFILE AND ACOUSITC MEASUREMENTS • Speaking/shouting voice Analysis • Voice Range Profile (1x head and 1x chest voice) o Jitter o Shimmer o Most quiet phonation o Loudest phonation o Vocal dynamics o Lowest fundamental frequency o Highest fundamental frequency o Voice range • Sound analysis on vowels (Formant analysis) • Documentation of Passagio Stage 4: ANALYSIS OF SINGING TECHNIQUE AND VOCAL DEVELOPMENT • Breathing • Disposition of lips, larynx and chest • False posture • Management of intervals with/without crossing a Passagio • Coloratura technique • Maximum phonation time - best out of 3 on two levels (+ Spirometry ?Phonation quotient) ? Decongestive nasal drops (preparing Stage 6) Stage 5 & 6: BASIC CLINICAL ENT STATUS + TRANSNASAL LARYNGOSCOPY ENT Status: • Oral status • Ear status • Nasal status • Myofunctional orofacial status Transnasal Laryngoscopy • Vocal folds in respiratory position • Vocal folds at phonation • Evaluation of mucosal status • Analysis of mucosal wave • Analysis of vocal technique via Laryngoscopy Total assessment time: 120 minutes 
Type Of Material Physiological assessment or outcome measure 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The protocol has been used to provide 3-hour vocal screenings for over 150 musicians, including providing each participant with feedback and information on further sources of support. Analyses of data are ongoing. 
 
Description Analysis of elecromyographical data in violin playing [Making Music] 
Organisation Imperial College London
Department National Heart & Lung Institute (NHLI)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Study theory and methodology; data collection; data analysis, contextualisation and interpretation.
Collaborator Contribution Contribution to data analysis; development/use of novel EMG analytical tools within musical context.
Impact Analytical methodologies and results will contribute to published publications of studies.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Analysis of embouchure muscle actvity [Making Music] 
Organisation Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data recording and analysis.
Collaborator Contribution Subject selection and data analysis.
Impact Outputs in progress.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Breathing in brass musicians [Making Music] 
Organisation British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
Department BBC National Orchestra of Wales
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Data recording and analysis.
Collaborator Contribution Subject selection and data analysis.
Impact Outputs are in progress.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Breathing in brass musicians [Making Music] 
Organisation Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data recording and analysis.
Collaborator Contribution Subject selection and data analysis.
Impact Outputs are in progress.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Design for Wellbeing 
Organisation University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Italian Switzerland
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Musical Impact team has provided expert advice, on both the methodology and research context of this project. Direct financial contribution of 100,000 CHF.
Collaborator Contribution The SUPSI team has identified and organized the practical strategies for anxiety management. They have used design methodologies to make them accessible and sharable, highlighting the positive routines that people can apply in order to improve their skills in mitigating pre-performance anxiety.
Impact No outputs to date.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Electromyographical analysis of fundamental violin playing techniques [Making Music] 
Organisation University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna
Country Austria 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Study theory and methodology; data collection and analysis.
Collaborator Contribution Participant selection and provision of unpublished repertoire.
Impact Outputs in progress.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Electromyographical analysis of the effects of continuous, repetitive, high-speed playing [Making Music] 
Organisation University of Music and Performing Arts Vienna
Country Austria 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Study theory and methodology; data collection and analysis.
Collaborator Contribution Participant selection.
Impact Outputs in progress.
Start Year 2017
 
Description Evaluation of Ergobrass supports [Making Music] 
Organisation Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Data recording and analysis.
Collaborator Contribution Subject selection and data analysis.
Impact Outputs in progress.
Start Year 2013
 
Description Pain iPad Application [Fit to Perform] 
Organisation University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Italian Switzerland
Department Department of Business Economics, Health and Social Care
Country Switzerland 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Musical Impact team has collected data as part of the Fit to Perform work package.
Collaborator Contribution The partner has provided the developed iPad application for use with musician populations. In addition, preliminary analyses of the data have been carried out.
Impact Usage of the application within musician populations as a diagnostic tool.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Vocal Screening 2014 [Fit to Perform] 
Organisation University Hospital Cologne International
Department Ear Nose and Throat
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Musical Impact team worked together with the team from Cologne to produce a detailed protocol for a vocal screening to be executed at the Royal College of Music. Advertising, participant recruitment, data storage and organisation, and logistical and organisational tasks were completed by the Musical Impact team. Both teams continue to work together to analyse data.
Collaborator Contribution The team from Cologne provided the specialist ENT equipment, knowledge and expertise for the development and execution of the vocal screening protocol. They led the project through ethical approval at the University of Cologne and provided the specifics of the research protocol. The team gave their time and professional skills to the data collection process and will contribute to ongoing data analysis. Both teams continue to work together to produce research outputs.
Impact No outputs to date.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Vocal Screening 2016 #1 [Fit to Perform] 
Organisation Charité - University of Medicine Berlin
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution The Musical Impact team worked together with the team from Berlin to produce a detailed protocol for a vocal screening to be delivered at the Royal College of Music. Advertising, participant recruitment, data storage and organisation, and logistical and organisational tasks were completed by the Musical Impact team. Both teams continue to work together to analyse data.
Collaborator Contribution The team from Berlin provided the specialist ENT equipment, knowledge and expertise for the development and execution of the vocal screening protocol. They led the project through ethical approval previously obtained from the University of Cologne and provided the specifics of the research protocol. The team gave their time and professional skills to the data collection process and will contribute to on-going data analysis. Both teams continue to work together to produce research outputs.
Impact Outputs are in progress.
Start Year 2016
 
Description Vocal Screening 2016 #2 [Fit to Perform] 
Organisation Xion GmbH
Country Germany 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution The Musical Impact team, together with the team from Berlin, worked together with Xion GmbH to identify appropriate specialist ENT equipment for use within the vocal screening programme.
Collaborator Contribution Xion GmbH provided specialist ENT equipment for the vocal screening. Xion GmbH will not be involved at any phase of the data collection and analysis but have asked to be acknowledged on any project outputs in exchange for use of their equipment.
Impact Outputs in progress.
Start Year 2016
 
Title SoundScreener 
Description The SoundScreener is a do-it-yourself hearing test kiosk. It was developed in collaboration with the UCL Ear Institute as part of Musical Impact, in order to raise awareness of hearing testing and noise exposure among musicians. 
Type Of Technology New/Improved Technique/Technology 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact Over 300 musicians have used the SoundScreener to test their hearing and, where necessary, they have been able to seek further support through the RCM's Hearing Awareness Scheme. 
 
Description 12 Presentations at International Symposium on Performance Science (Reykjavik, Iceland) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Researchers and practitioners were informed of the wide ranging results of Musical Impact: Araújo LS, Wasley D, Atkins L, Perkins R, Redding E, Ginsborg J & Williamon A (2017), Music students' health and wellbeing: attitudes, behaviours, and perceptions, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Wasley D, Araújo LS, Redding E, Atkins L, Perkins R, Ginsborg J & Williamon A (2017), Physical and fitness profile of music students: comparisons with normative data and differences between academic level and instrument group, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Mathmann P, Araújo LS, Atkins L, Clark T, Lang-Roth R, Pieper L, Rohrbach S & Williamon A (2017), Vocal health: an evaluation of the basic protocol of the European Laryngological Society (ELS) for trained singers, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Ginsborg J, Matei R & Broad S (2017), Health and wellbeing for musicians: course development, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Broad S, Matei R & Ginsborg J (2017), Trends in music performance students' wellbeing since 2000, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Matei R, Ginsborg J & Broad S (2017), Health and wellbeing for musicians: course evaluation, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Holmes P (2017), Towards a conceptual framework for resilience research in music training and performance: a cross-discipline review, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Redding E, Needham-Beck S, Holmes P & Clark T (2017), The physiological demands of performance: piano and contemporary dance, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Siomos C & Windo E (2017), Effects of musical performance on the physical demands of violin playing: a biomechanical analysis using surface electromyography, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Araújo LS, Wasley D, Atkins L, Redding E, Ginsborg J & Williamon A (2017), Healthy performers and sustainable careers: the role of individual attitudes, behaviours, and perceptions, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Holmes P & Munro J (2017), Investigating awareness and incidence of acid reflux among UK conservatoire student singers, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Zabuska A, Ginsborg J & Wasley D (2017), A comparison of burnout and engagement in music performance students at conservatoires in Australia, Poland and the UK, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 6 Poster Presentations at International Symposium on Performance Science (Reykjavik, Iceland) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presentation to inform researchers and practitioners of the wide ranging results of Musical Impact Araújo LS, Wasley D, Atkins L, Redding E, Ginsborg J & Williamon A (2017), Are young musicians fit to perform? in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Atkins L, Araújo LS & Williamon A (2017), Conservatoires UK Healthy Conservatoires Network, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Cruder C, Falla D, Mangili F, Azzimonti L, Araújo LS, Williamon A & Barbero M (2017), Pain analysis in musicians using digital pain drawings, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Holmes, P., Harman, G. & Surtees, R. (2017), An investigation into musicians' awareness of the potential impact of the mental and physical demands of music training and performance, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Siomos C (2017), Experience, attitudes towards, and knowledge of playing-related injuries among symphony orchestra string players: a questionnaire-based survey of London symphony orchestras, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Surtees R & Clark T (2017), The nature of pre-performance routines among professional orchestral musicians, in A Williamon & P Jónasson (eds.), Abstracts of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2017, Iceland Academy of the Arts.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description A series of three lectures on the auditory system and musicians' health (UCL, London, UK) [Making Music] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lecture to physicians (performing arts medicine specialists), musicians and teachers on course development and evaluation to support the health and wellbeing of musicians. 
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Association of British Orchestras Annual Conference 2014 (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The presentation informed an international audience about the pioneering research into musicians' health and wellbeing being conducted as part of Musical Impact, and sparked questions and discussion afterwards.

Impacts for the orchestral sector are ongoing, and orchestras represented at the conference have become research participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description BAPAM training day for health professionals (London, UK) [Making Music] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Clinicians treating performers were informed of upper limb problems in the context of string playing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description BAPAM training day for health professionals (London, UK) [Making Music] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Clinicians treating performers were informed about conditions in wind players resulting from high pressures generated during playing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description BAPAM training day for health professionals (Manchester, UK) [Making Music] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Clinicians treating performers were informed of upper limb problems in the context of guitar playing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description BAPAM training day, Anxiety and mental health (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A one hour presentation discussing initiatives which support the health and wellbeing of student and professional musicians.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conservatoires UK Conference 2013 (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact Senior staff representing UK conservatoires were informed about the aims and plans of Musical Impact, and the presentation sparked questions, discussions and requests for futher information.

The activity resulted in more conservatoire policymakers being aware of the project, and ensured representation from across all CUK institutions on the project steering group.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Healthy Conservatoires Network Film [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The film describes and promotes the Healthy Conservatoires Network. Available at: www.healthyconservatoires.org
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.healthyconservatoires.org
 
Description Healthy Conservatoires Network Meeting I (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The first meeting of the Healthy Conservatoires Network, introducing and establishing the network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Healthy Conservatoires Network Meeting II (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The second meeting of the Healthy Conservatoires Network, setting the terms of reference and developing Fit to Perform.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Healthy Conservatoires Network Meeting III (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The third meeting of the Healthy Conservatoires Network, focusing on mapping health and wellbeing assets in the UK conservatoire sector.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Healthy Conservatoires Network Meeting IV (Cardiff, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The fourth meeting of the Healthy Conservatoires Network, continuing to map assets and involving students in the network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Healthy Conservatoires Network Meeting V (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The fifth meeting of the Healthy Conservatoires Network, continuing to map assets and involving students in the network
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012
 
Description Healthy Conservatoires Network [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Healthy Conservatoires Network (HCN) was launched in 2015 as a spin-off of Musical Impact to create environments that promote and enhance the health and wellbeing of performing artists, enabling them to achieve their full potential and to build healthy, sustainable careers. The HCN facilitates collaborative practice across CUK to enhance musicians' health and wellbeing at local and national levels, and is on-going.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Illustrated talk on the Science of the Singing Voice at the Bromsgrove Festival (Tardebigge, UK) [Making Music] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The public including many choral/amateur singers informed about how the voice is used and projected.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Illustrated talk on the Science of the Singing Voice at the Three Choirs Festival (Hereford, UK) [Making Music] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The public including many choral/amateur singers were informed about how the voice is used and projected.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Illustrated talk on the Science of the Singing Voice, St Andrews Voices Festival (St Andrews, UK) [Making Music] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The public including many choral/amateur singers were informed about how the voice is used and projected.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Interview on BBC Radio Wales on focal dystonia and musculoskeletal problems in musicians [Making Music] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The public were informed about how focal dystonia affects musicians.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Item in Healthy Universities newsletter [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The newsletter contained an update on the Healthy Conservatoires Network, with information on how to find out more and to get in touch.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Keynote at Conservatoire for Dance and Drama Staff Conference (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation and breakout group introduced the Musical Impact research project and encouraged Conservatoire for Dance and Drama institutions to become active members of the Healthy Conservatoires Network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Keynote at Foundations for Excellence conference 2015 (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Practitioners were informed about Musical Impact, with preliminary results shared from Better Practice and Fit to Perform. The presentation raised awareness of Musical Impact among new audiences, and interest was expressed in collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Keynote at International Symposium on Music Performance (Tubingen, Germany) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The presentation focused on new perspectives on performance education, related to musicians' health and wellbeing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Keynote at Musicians Union Conference 2015 (Brighton, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Practitioners were informed about the Musical Impact project. The presentation raised awareness of Musical Impact among new audiences, and interest was expressed in collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Keynote at Performing Arts Medicine Association 2015 (Colorado, USA) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Practitioners were informed about the Musical Impact project, and preliminary findings were shared. The presentation raised awareness of Musical Impact among new audiences, and interest was expressed in collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Keynote lecture at Musicians' Health and Performance conference (Helsinki, Finland) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A keynote lecture presenting Musical Impact and its key findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Keynote lecture at Occupational Health in the Performing Arts: The Original Gig Economy (London, UK) [Fit to Perform] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A keynote lecture presenting Musical Impact and its key findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Keynote lecture at SysMus17 (London, UK) [Fit to Perform] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact An audience of postgraduate students heard about the key findings of Musical Impact, resulting in requests for more information and knowledge exchange.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Keynote lecture at the Annual Conference of the Society for Music Education (Dublin, Ireland) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A lecture to music educationalists and researchers on the case for promoting health and wellbeing in music education and the profession.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Keynote lecture at the European Association of Conservatoires (AEC) Annual Congress and General Assembly (Turin, Italy) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A keynote lecture presenting Musical Impact and its key findings
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Keynote lecture at the International Congress of the French Society of Sport Psychology (Lausanne, Switzerland) [Fit to Perform] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact A keynote lecture presenting findings from Fit to Perform and introducing the Healthy Conservatoires Network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Keynote lecture at the Symposium on the Paradigms of Teaching Musical Instruments in the 21st Century, the Federal University of Goias, Brazil [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This was a lecture incorporating findings from Better Practice and general information about Musical Impact
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Lecture for the Royal Society of Musicians (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lecture to music educationalists on the case for promoting health and wellbeing in music education and the profession.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Magazine article Classical Music Magazine [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An article by Prof Jane Ginsborg in Classical Music Magazine titled 'No Sweat', focusing on managing stress in the context of music competitions.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description One-day seminar, funded by the British Psychological Society. Musicians' health and wellbeing: an interdisciplinary approach (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact This one-day event included a series of presentations as well as group discussions, attempting to bridge the gap between musicians' health, health psychology and sports.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Panel member at Chapter Arts Centre/British Film Institute event (Cardiff, Wales) [Making Music] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The public were able to discuss rehabilitation of musicians (here a rock guitarist) and others after stroke.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Poster at BPS Division of Health Psychology Annual conference 2015 (London, UK) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The poster summarised health promotion programmes for musicians, and raised awareness of Musical Impact.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Poster at International Congress of Voice Teachers (Stockholm, Sweden) [Making Music] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Poster presentation to inform researchers and practitioners on aspects of Musical Impact WP2
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Poster presentation at ESCOM 2015 (Manchester, UK) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Researchers and practitioners were informed about health promotion in conservatoires. The poster session raised awareness of Musical Impact.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at Audible Concerns workshop (Leeds, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Practitioners were informed about the Musical Impact project. The presentation raised awareness of Musical Impact among new audiences, and interest was expressed in collaboration on projects relating to hearing loss and protection.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at City University (London, UK) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation informed health psychologists about Musical Impact and presented and discussed topics pertinent to musicians' health and well-being.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at Conservatoires UK Research Forum (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Practitioners were informed about the Musical Impact project, and preliminary findings were shared. Directors of research at CUK institutions expressed support for the research and the setting-up of the Healthy Conservatoires Network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at Conservatoires UK conference 2015 (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Practitioners were informed about the Musical Impact project. The presentation raised awareness of Musical Impact among new audiences, and interest was expressed in collaboration.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at Conservatoires UK research forum [Making Music] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The wider Conservatoires UK audience was updated on Musical Impact, and given insight into the latest workings of the Healthy Conservatoires Network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation at Conservatoires UK student forum [Making Music] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Musical Impact was promoted to a wider Conservatoires UK audience, emphasising the importance of music performance science research and the creation of an evidence base in performing arts medicine.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at Musician's Health and Performance 2nd conference (Odense, Denmark) [Fit to Perform] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Practitioners and researchers were informed of the main results of the cross-sectional study of Musical Impact. The presentation raised interest in the results, and facilitated requests for more information about the project and contacts for potential future collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at Performing Arts Medicine Association Annual Symposium 2016 (New York, USA) [Making Music] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation shared findings from one of the studies into the physical demands of music playing specifically measuring the demands of piano repertoire using gas analysers to measure energy expenditure.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at Performing Arts Medicine Association Conference (Orange, California, US)  [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lecture to physicians (performing arts medicine specialists), musicians and teachers on course development and evaluation to support the health and wellbeing of musicians. 
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at PsyPAG 2015 (Glasgow, UK) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Postgraduate research students were informed about anxiety prevention. The talk raised awareness of musicians' health and wellbeing concerns around performance anxiety.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at Reflective Conservatoire Conference (Guildhall, London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact An audience of practitioners, students, policy makers and researchers heard about the key findings of Musical Impact, resulting in requests for more information and knowledge exchange.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Presentation at Research Institute for Health & Social Change, Manchester Metropolitan University (Manchester, UK) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation raised awareness of Musical Impact and led to new collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at SEMPRE conference on Music and Health 2015 (Glasgow, UK) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Researchers and practitioners were informed about local initiatives on music and education and the impact of music on people's health and wellbeing. The presentation raised awareness of Musical Impact and resulted in further engagement activities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at Teaching of Practicing Conference 2015 (Oslo, Norway) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Practitioners and researchers were informed about the Healthy Conservatoire Network, in the context of health issues in higher music education. Several conservatoires registered interest in joining the Healthy Conservatoires Network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at UK-Brazil Dance Medicine and Science Network workshop (Goiania, Brazil) [Fit to Perform] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation informed an international audience about the pioneering research into musicians' health and wellbeing being conducted as part of Musical Impact, and sparked questions and discussion afterwards. Impacts for the dance medicine field and potential collaborations were discussed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at University of Bucharest, Evolutionary Psychology (Bucharest, Romania) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact The presentation raised awareness of Musical Impact. A workshop on music performance anxiety was commissioned for musicians at the Orchestra of the Romanian Broadcasting Society.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Presentation at the Association of British Orchestras Annual Conference 2016 (Birmingham, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Policymakers/politicians
Results and Impact The presentation informed an international audience about the pioneering research into musicians' health and wellbeing being conducted as part of Musical Impact, and sparked questions and discussion afterwards. Impacts for the orchestral sector are on-going, and orchestras represented at the conference have become research participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at the University of Manchester Health Psychology Department (Manchester, UK) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation informed health psychologists about Musical Impact and presented topics pertinent to musicians' health and well-being.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation for the Distinguished Visiting Lecture, Schulich School of Music, McGill University (Montreal, Canada) [Fit to Perform] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A visiting lecture presenting Musical Impact and its key findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Presentation of Musical Impact: A study of Musicians Health and Wellbeing at the Headmasters and Headmistresses Conference Cluster Meeting (London, UK) [Fit to Perform] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A presentation giving indication of the current results of Musical Impact and potential implications for this particular group of practitioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation on growth of support systems, mental health and wellbeing support development (Glasgow, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A one hour workshop presenting the ideas behind the healthy conservatoires network, answering practitioners questions and debating the future of the network.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentation on mental health, perfectionism and coping (Glasgow, UK) [Fit to Perform] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A one hour workshop presenting results from Musical Impact and opening the topic for discussion with a new audience.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Presentations to trombonists at the Royal Northern College of Music on 1) Embouchure, 2) Breathing, 3) Upper limb and its problems, 4) Music, brain and mind (Manchester, UK) [Making Music] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Discussion on physical aspects of performance to trombonists and other music students.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Radio discussion on BBC Radio 4 Front Row [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Discussion on stage fright as part of Front Row, BBC Radio 4.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Roadshow at Birmingham Conservatoire 2014 (Birmingham, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The Musical Impact Roadshow marked the launch of the project, communicating its aims and vision to staff and students at Conservatoire UK institutions. Potential participants were informed of the project aims and ways to engage with the research as part of a staff training day.

The institution expressed interest in hosting data collection events and marked their continuing commitment to the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Roadshow at Guildhall School of Music and Drama 2013 (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The Musical Impact Roadshow marked the launch of the project, communicating its aims and vision to staff and students at Conservatoire UK institutions. Potential participants were informed of the project aims and ways to engage with the research.

The institution expressed interest in hosting a data collection event and students expressed interest in becoming participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Roadshow at Royal College of Music 2013 (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The Musical Impact Roadshow marked the launch of the project, communicating its aims and vision to staff and students at Conservatoire UK institutions. Potential participants were informed of the project aims and ways to engage with the research.

Students expressed interest in becoming participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Roadshow at Royal Conservatoire of Scotland 2013 (Glasgow, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The Musical Impact Roadshow marked the launch of the project, communicating its aims and vision to staff and students at Conservatoire UK institutions. Potential participants were informed of the project aims and ways to engage with the research.

The institution expressed interest in hosting a data collection event and students expressed interest in becoming participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Roadshow at Royal Northern College of Music 2013 (Manchester, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The Musical Impact Roadshow marked the launch of the project, communicating its aims and vision to staff and students at Conservatoire UK institutions. Potential participants were informed over three separate sessions of the project aims and ways to engage with the research.

The institution expressed interest in hosting a data collection event and students expressed interest in becoming participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Roadshow at Trinity Laban Conservatoire of Music and Dance 2013 (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The Musical Impact Roadshow marked the launch of the project, communicating its aims and vision to staff and students at Conservatoire UK institutions. Potential participants were informed of the project aims and ways to engage with the research.

The institution expressed interest in hosting a data collection event and students expressed interest in becoming participants.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013
 
Description Roundtable at the European Health Psychology Society (EHPS)/British Psychological Society (BPS) joint conference (Aberdeen, UK) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact We led an international roundtable discussion on musicians' health and wellbeing ('Health promotion among musicians: Opportunities for health psychology').
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Roundtable at the Leaders Sport Performance Summit (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A roundtable discussion for sports practitioners, coaches and managers on learning and thriving in the spotlight.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Roundtable at the London International Piano Symposium 2015 (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Pianists, educators and researchers were informed about Musical Impact, as part of a roundtable discussion on how pianists may become 'fit for purpose' by developing a more unified approach to piano performance. The roundtable raised awareness of Musical Impact among new audiences.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Seminar, funded by The North West Consortium Doctoral Training Partnership (NWCDTP). Musicians' health and wellbeing: research and policy (Manchester, UK) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Talks included a range of topics such as health promotion among musicians (including recent findings from the Musical Impact project), audiology, music education, health psychology, sports psychology as well as public policy (i.e. translating research into policy). 
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Series of lectures delivered at Trinity Laban (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact A series of lectures delivered in 2013, 2015 and 2016 incorporating general information about Musical Impact and invitations for participation.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2015,2016
 
Description Series of lectures delivered on the MSc in Performing Arts Medicine at UCL (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A series of lectures delivered in 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017 incorporating findings from and general information about Musical Impact.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016,2017
 
Description Symposium at The Reflective Conservatoire conference 2015 (London, UK) [Musical Impact] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact Educators and researchers were informed about Musical Impact, with preliminary results shared from Fit to Perform and associated projects. The symposium raised awareness of Musical Impact among new audiences and began dissemination of findings.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Talk at Birmingham University (Birmingham, UK) [Fit to Perform] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact The presentation introduced the Musical Impact research project and potential interfaces with sport psychology research were discussed.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Talk at Performing Arts Medicine Association Annual Symposium 2016 (New York, USA) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The presentation focused on systematic reviews conducted to date (e.g. of interventions aimed at playing related musculoskeletal disorders, music performance anxiety and health promotion courses) and plans for PhD research.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Talk at Performing Arts Medicine Association Annual Symposium 2016 (New York, USA) [Fit to Perform] 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Health practitioners and researchers were informed of the main results of the cross-sectional study of Fit to Perform. The presentation raised interest in the results, and facilitated requests for more information about the project and contacts for potential collaborations.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Training webinar on breathing and singers for BAST (online singing course) [Making Music] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A webinar to give singing teachers an accurate physiological understanding of breathing.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Workshop at The International Festival of Public Health (Manchester, UK) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A one-hour workshop around musicians' health and the Musical Impact project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Workshop on mental skills delivered to Future Firsts London Philharmonic Orchestra programme (London, UK) [Fit to Perform] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact A two-hour workshop on mental skills and preparation for auditions based on evidence collected in the Musical Impact project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Workshop on mental skills delivered to conservatoire students (London, UK) [Fit to Perform] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact A two hour workshop on mental skills and preparation for auditions based on evidence collected during the Musical Impact project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Workshop on sleep quality delivered to conservatoire students (London, UK) [Fit to Perform] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact A one hour workshop on sleep quality and the importance of healthy lifestyle for musicians.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Workshop with musicians from BBC Symphony Orchestra (London, UK) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshop informed musicians about the health issues that musicians struggle with and the interventions that might work to address these, the importance of health promoting behaviours, and behaviour change techniques that can be used in order to implement change. Musicians were equipped with long-term solutions for optimal health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Workshop with musicians from London Philharmonic Orchestra (London, UK) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshop informed musicians about the health issues that musicians struggle with and the interventions that might work to address these, the importance of health promoting behaviours, and behaviour change techniques that can be used in order to implement change. Musicians were equipped with long-term solutions for optimal health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Workshop with musicians from London Symphony Orchestra (London, UK) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshop informed musicians about the health issues that musicians struggle with and the interventions that might work to address these, the importance of health promoting behaviours, and behaviour change techniques that can be used in order to implement change. Musicians were equipped with long-term solutions for optimal health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Workshop with musicians from the English Chamber Orchestra (London, UK) [Better Practice] 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The workshop informed musicians about the health issues that musicians struggle with and the interventions that might work to address these, the importance of health promoting behaviours, and behaviour change techniques that can be used in order to implement change. Musicians were equipped with long-term solutions for optimal health.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015