Records of Early English Drama: The North-East

Lead Research Organisation: Durham University
Department Name: English Studies

Abstract

'Records of Early English Drama North-East' (REED-NE) is part of a massive international project to assemble a complete record of surviving sources for medieval and early modern performance in Britain. REED volumes are to scholars in literature and theatre what Pevsner is to architects and art historians. REED's main office at the University of Toronto coordinates a team of researchers who trawl Britain's archives by region and edit their findings to an internationally recognized scholarly standard. The volumes which have already appeared have revolutionized our understanding of British performance history, replacing a view based largely on conjecture with one derived from detailed factual information about performers and the social and financial organisation of performance. REED volumes have redressed the London-centric imbalance of research obsessed by Shakespeare and his contemporaries, and drawn attention to the many forms of anonymous performance in regions which have often been unjustly seen as 'marginal'. REED-NE, the latest stage in the series, will find and edit all records pertaining to drama, music and ceremonial in England's North-East, from the earliest sources (around 9th century) to 1642.

REED-NE will cover Yorkshire (excluding the city of York, whose records have already appeared), Durham and Northumberland, in a collection of five or more volumes published by Boydell. To date, discoveries include:
1. A medieval sequence of liturgy and drama about the Sacrament which linked the lay community with their ecclesiastical city governors (Durham).
2. Child drama and misrule ceremonies (Boy Bishops and Lords of Misrule from Durham and West Yorkshire).
3. The earliest known evidence for three types of folk drama: the Stag Ceremony (before 1280, abolished 1315); the Plough Ceremony (from 1378); and the Man/Woman performer (1433-4) (all Durham).
4. New evidence relating to mystery cycles in at least four cities (Beverley, Doncaster, Durham and Newcastle). This will reduce the reliance of scholars on the probably untypical cycles from York and Chester.
5. A major stand-alone biblical play (Hull's 'Noah').
6. Rare evidence for a Paternoster play (Beverley).
7. Performance traditions in noble households, including the Percies (Northumberland), the Ingrams, Talbots and Wentworths (West Yorkshire), and in the houses of lesser gentry in all North-Eastern counties.
8. An important body of information concerning illegal recusant drama in North Yorkshire. This will transform the historical understanding of the polemic use of drama by Catholics in provincial England.
9. A wealth of evidence about town waits, travelling performers, and patrons; we hope to discover and map performance circuits and locations from at least the later Middle Ages onwards.

The REED-NE volumes will be accompanied by a Companion volume discussing the historical and cultural significance of our findings.

Our findings will also be linked to an interactive map of provincial England on the REED Patrons and Performances website at Toronto. Geo-coding is only now being adopted for literary projects. Visualising research data with GIS mapping will offer a new perspective on historical performance in England and contribute to the advancement of the Spatial Humanities.

A summer festival in Durham in 2016 will showcase our research to academics and the wider public with a conference and an exhibition of objects and manuscripts pertaining to religious and secular drama at Durham's World Heritage Site. Based on our collected records, we will stage medieval and Renaissance repertoire at Durham Castle and the Cathedral. For the first time since the 9th century, the Lindisfarne 'Harrowing of Hell' - probably Britain's oldest surviving drama - will be performed. All events will be freely accessible. We expect our work to have a major impact, on our discipline worldwide, and also on regional communities and their awareness of their heritage.

Planned Impact

We shall make the research results of REED-NE accessible to the general public through an exhibition, a performance festival and public talks. These will all be publicised through libraries, cultural centres, the Friends of Durham Cathedral, and the Little Theatres Guild of Great Britain. The University's PR Officer and the Director of the World Heritage Site will liaise with regional and national media. There will also be a designated, freely accessible project website, hosted by the Institute for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, Durham University, to give observers an opportunity to follow the progress of our research, and to publicise associated local initiatives; a comments facility will encourage feedback.

We expect specific opportunities to arise from REED-NE for a number of institutions and commercial interests in the North-East of England. For the third sector, a fuller picture of the history of performance in the region will be of benefit to museums and other institutions involved in cultural history (including those within Durham University, where our 2016 REED-NE exhibition will build on the successful 1992 University Library exhibition on Early Drama in Durham). The Durham World Heritage Site already enthusiastically supports the project (see their supporting letter). Our plans for an exhibition and a performance festival (see 'Objectives' and 'Summary' above) give an idea of possible third-sector activities elsewhere in the North-East. We expect this beneficial effect to extend beyond obviously historic towns like Durham and Beverley, to places whose importance to the history of performance is at present virtually unknown, such as Doncaster and Newcastle (which both had mystery cycles, including a surviving Newcastle play about the building of the Ark) and Hull (where an unusual Mariners' Play of Noah was once performed).

Secondly, there will be an opportunity to increase commercial activity by developing new tourist and performer-based attractions in the North-East. Some historically-based events already exist in the region (e.g. early music festivals in York and Hexham; the Lumière Festival in Durham, which is inspired by Northumbria's Lindisfarne Gospels; and Durham's Mystery Plays of 2000 and 2010, which partly relied on work already done for the Durham REED volume). In Durham, the organisations which will benefit from an increase in visitor numbers during the festival include the Cathedral, the University (through lettings of college rooms), and hotels and other businesses in the city. There is undoubtedly scope for further comparable projects in other places throughout the North-East, but they are unlikely to spring up unless local communities can gain access to a better knowledge of their own cultural history. REED-NE will help to achieve this.

The project's most important legacy will be to give the communities of the North-East a heightened awareness of their own cultural past. We have already established links with local parishes and major churches, especially Durham Cathedral, where the Dean and Chapter have given the project warm support (see the accompanying letter from the Dean of Durham); the Cathedral Friends have hosted open lectures on the ongoing research for REED-NE, and are keen to hear of more discoveries. There are obvious opportunities for similar links to be developed with other major churches, such as Beverley, Hexham, Selby and Wakefield, and with local dramatic societies and other groups of performers. We have already given a popular open lecture to the annual conference of the Little Theatres Guild of Great Britain (2010), and are eager to pursue further opportunities of this kind.

In short, local response to REED-NE has been enthusiastic. Performance history is a crucial part of the heritage and collective memory of England's North-East, and the volumes published by REED-NE will provide ready access to that heritage for generations to come.
 
Title Lost Voices from the North East 
Description A concert of historical and traditional poetry, music, folklore and ritual from the north east of England, directed by Barbara Ravelhofer and Hector Sequera, with Helen Barber, Stephen Regan, Mark Chambers, Gasper Jakovac, Jamie Beckett and others. 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2017 
Impact none yet 
URL https://beinghumanfestival.org/event/lost-voices-from-the-north-east/
 
Title Peregrini (Pilgrims), by Lawrence of Durham 
Description First modern production of a recently re-discovered liturgical play by Lawrence, Prior of Durham (ca. 1150), directed by John McKinnell with twelfth-century music from Durham researched by Margot Fassler, performed by Durham Medieval Theatre Company and professional mezzo-soprano Helen Barber. Sung in Latin (video with English subtitles). 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Two public performances in July 2016, one of which was also attended by members of the SITM / REED N-E International Medieval Theatre Conference and Festival, and open-access video of second live performance. 
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/theatrum.mundi/index.php/the-plays/peregrini/.
 
Title Plays, Processions and Parchment: Festive Traditions in the North-East of England 
Description A free exhibition in the Nine Altars Chapel, Durham Cathedral (18th April - 21st May, 2016), co-ordinated by Diana Wyatt with contributions by Jamie Beckett, Mark Chambers, Gasper Jakovac, John McKinnell and Barbara Ravelhofer, presenting some of the evidence for performances of all kinds in the North-East of England up to 1642. The exhibition included illustrated panels covering folk traditions and performances, religious processions, Corpus Christi plays, morality plays, dramatic and musical performance in noble houses, musical groups and their instruments, professional fools, the survival of illegal Catholic drama after the Reformation and the sixteenth- and seventeenth-century disputes about dramatic elements in church services. The exhibition also included costumes and masks used in modern revivals of medieval and early modern drama, as well as five lunchtime talks on various aspects of it. 
Type Of Art Artistic/Creative Exhibition 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact A very large number of visitors (about 50,000) saw the exhibition, and there was a lot of enthusiastic written feedback. The online podcasts of the lunchtime talks (see URL below) continue to receive visits. 
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/theatrum.mundi/index.php/north-east-drama-festivals-folk-traditions/publi...
 
Title Records of Early English Drama North-East: Uncovering performance and musical heritage 
Description A video in which members of the Durham REED N-E team (Barbara Ravelhofer, John McKinnell, Mark Chambers, Gasper Jakovac) present and discuss some of the evidence they have discovered for performance in the North-East of England up to 1642 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Too soon to say, but this video is part of Durham University's commitment to clarity and open access in its research work; more specifically, it is designed to promote public interest in the historical culture of the region. 
URL http://www.dur.ac.uk/research/news/item/?itemno=29126/
 
Title Souls of the North 
Description A re-creation in music, dance and drama of northern English traditional entertainment and folk ceremony linked to the feast of All Souls, directed by Lieven Baert and performed in the Great Hall of Durham Castle. The programme included a Hero Combat play on the theme of death and resurrection, the Yorkshire funeral dirge 'This ae neet', and the figures of the White Worm and the Wild Horse. 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2018 
Impact The programme successfully revived and drew attention to a variety of largely forgotten folk traditions before an audience of nearly 200, using authentic musical instruments, costumes and dance steps. Audience reaction forms were collected and proved to be very enthusiastic. 
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?page_id=3961
 
Title The Harrowing of Hell 
Description First modern production of the earliest known liturgical play from the British Isles, directed by John McKinnell with music selected and directed by Angela Robley, choreography by Lieven Baert and cast including professional mezzo-soprano Helen Barber. 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Two public performances in modern English in St. Oswald's Church, Durham, July 2016, one of which was also attended by members of the SITM / REED N-E International Medieval Drama Conference and Festival, and open access video 
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/theatrum.mundi/index.php/the-plays/the-harrowing-of-hell/
 
Title The Sacred and the Profane 
Description drama, music, dance and processional event featuring types of performance known to have been practised in the North East in medieval and renaissance times, including courtly dances, a dance of death, a boy bishop procession and a stage- or pageant dragon, directed by Barbara Ravelhofer and Lieven Baert. 
Type Of Art Performance (Music, Dance, Drama, etc) 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Free pageant performance July 2016 to a large open-air audience, involving expert and local singers, dancers and musicians, including international historical dance expert Lieven Baert and the York Waits. Open workshops on renaissance dance and costume; collaboration with Museum of Historical Costume, Bern, Switzerland. Renaissance dance workshops for students and the general public. Construction of a 20-foot stage dragon (or 'worm') and public performances in Durham and Washington using it. 'Worms' in folk legends and performance: collaborative project involving schoolteachers and children at Kirk Merrington junior school, Co. Durham. 
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?page_id=27
 
Title Theatrum Mundi: Highlights of the SITM / REED N-E International Medieval Theatre Festival, Durham 2016 
Description Extracts from the preparations for and performances at the Durham Medieval Theatre Festival, July 2016. 
Type Of Art Film/Video/Animation 
Year Produced 2016 
Impact Extracts from performances by local and visiting companies; open access insights into practical preparatory work (e.g. training in Renaissance dance, making of skeleton costumes, performance with stage dragon) 
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?page_id=25/
 
Description Most of our original objectives have been met. Thousands of documents relevant to early performance in the North-East have been studied, transcribed and edited. We have held a public exhibition in Durham Cathedral which featured many new discoveries, an international academic conference, and a festival of early drama which included four first modern performances of plays composed in the North East; all of these (exhibition, conference and festival) were highly successful and helped to raise the profile of medieval and early modern culture in the North East, both among academics and in terms of appreciation among the general public in the region, which has also been fostered by several concerts since the end of our AHRC award. The two PhD studentships attached to the award both resulted in successful theses, and Drs. James Beckett and Gasper Jakovac have both obtained posts in universities. We also undertook to produce a volume of studies in which we would analyse aspects of our newly discovered material; this volume has been completed and has now been revised and accepted by the publisher (ARC Humanities Press).
Exploitation Route Our results will enable academics to gain a greater understanding of the nature and variety of non-metropolitan performance of all kinds from Anglo-Saxon times until the outbreak of the Civil War in 1642. Areas which have yielded particularly valuable material include:
1. Performance and ritual associated with weddings;
2. Patronage of travelling actors, musicians and other entertainers;
3. The itineraries of illegal acting companies who performed for the families of catholic gentry;
4. Folk performances and processions such as rush bearings, plough plays and May games;
5. Boy bishops.

Beyond the academic community, our new discoveries have sparked interest in schools, among local history societies in York, Beverley, Hexham and Durham and in concerts in Durham. Some local people, notably the handlers of our very popular processional dragon, have also taken part in public events and celebrations in York, Hexham and Morpeth in the summer of 2019. Unfortunately, these collaborations were not possible in 2020 because of restrictions caused by the Corona Virus, but there are plans to resume them in 2021 if possible, and there are also plans for similar events in Bamburgh and Ripon. The local organisers of such celebrations clearly see the potential for attracting tourist income by using some of the region's early performance traditions, and they are also providing opportunities for the crafts people who make props and costumes and for the musicians who play early instruments.
Sectors Education,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

 
Description Much of the energy devoted to our project 'Records of Early English Drama North-East' during the period of our AHRC award (2013-2018) has been concerned with making the rich diversity of the records we have discovered more accessible to the present-day people of the North East, and to fostering wider knowledge of and enthusiasm for this part of our dramatic and musical heritage. Activities directed towards this end have included: 1. Performances of three medieval plays from the region (The 8th-century 'Lindisfarne' Harrowing of Hell, Lawrence of Durham's 12th-century 'Peregrini' and the 15th- or early 16th-century York 'Crucifixion') and three programmes of early ritual drama, music and dance ('The Sacred and the Profane', 'Lost Voices of the North-East' and 'Souls of the North', the last of which was co-ordinated with a revival of the tradition of baking 'soul cakes' for All Souls' Day, together with a mimed performance based on the Antrobus Souling Play). All of these remain available on video, as does a programme of interviews in which members of the project explain its aims and sources. Audience reactions to all these productions were collected and were overwhelmingly positive. 2. A 2016 exhibition in Durham Cathedral of some of the types of early performance we had discovered by then and the evidence for them, together with five talks by members of the project (including both of our two PhD students), which remain available on the project's website. This exhibition was visited by about 50,000 people, and again, the reactions of visitors were enthusiastic. 3. In July 2016 we hosted a major international conference in conjunction with the International Society for the Study of Medieval Theatre (Durham University, July), and an international festival of early drama, including our own productions of 'The Harrowing of Hell', the 'Peregrini', the York 'Crucifixion' and 'The Sacred and the Profane' (see above) which demonstrated the variety and power of the region's dramatic and musical heritage to visiting scholars from all over the world and encouraged a sense of regional pride in our large local audiences. 'The Sacred and the Profane' included a revival of the Durham Boy Bishop ceremony, which we hope to repeat in the future. 4. In 2013 we established a REED N-E website within Durham University, and besides posting edited versions of relevant records on it, we have continued to encourage interested members of the public to visit it regularly, by posting a series of 'flowers of the month' - interesting or amusing individual records discovered by our research, ranging from Henry VIII's rather punitive visit to Beverley after the revolt known as the Pilgrimage of Grace to a minute payment by Durham Priory to a female-impersonating male minstrel who called himself 'Mother Naked' (whose tiny payment probably reflects the Prior's disapproval of his performance). We posted a total of 31 such 'flowers', all of which can be seen on the project's website. 5. We have given six public lectures on aspects of our research to a variety of outside organisations, in the minsters at Beverley, Hexham and Hull, besides the Durham local history and Broderers' societies and the Durham University summer lecture series in English Studies. Again, our sampling of audience responses suggested that the local public was enthusiastic about our work. We also conducted open workshops on early renaissance period aristocratic costume, skeleton costumes for the Dance of Death, and renaissance dance, for which we were able to enlist the skill of an international expert (Lieven Baert). 6. We have revived the popular local tradition of a processional 'worm' or dragon; our 'white worm', operated by at least three people, has made several striking appearances at street events in Durham, York, Washington and at the Morpeth Gathering), besides a visit to Kirk Merrington Junior School, where the children greeted it with uproarious delight and related it to their local (and ancient) folktale of the Sockburn Worm. 7. Three members of the project have contributed to the BBC series 'Shakespeare on Tour', and we have also given radio and television interviews about the project to BBC Radio Newcastle, BBC Television Newcastle and BBC Radio Humberside. We believe that our work has helped to enhance the confidence of the people of our region in the value of their own intangible heritage, and that it may have considerable continuing cultural and tourist value.
First Year Of Impact 2016
Sector Education,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural

 
Description Alexander, Robert and Gibson, James: Percy family papers at Alnwick Castle
Amount $3,000 (USD)
Organisation Point Park University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United States
Start 09/2017 
End 09/2017
 
Description Arts England / REED N-E Festival
Amount £16,673 (GBP)
Funding ID GFTA-00000532 
Organisation Arts Council England 
Sector Public
Country United Kingdom
Start 04/2016 
End 12/2016
 
Description Colin Baldwin Fellowship, for Records of Early English Drama North-East - West Yorkshire
Amount £387 (GBP)
Organisation Malone Society 
Sector Learned Society
Start 06/2017 
End 07/2017
 
Description Connaught New Researcher Award (to Dr. Matt Sergi for productions at SITM / REED N-E Festival, Durham)
Amount $33,037 (CAD)
Funding ID 498962 
Organisation University of Toronto 
Sector Academic/University
Country Canada
Start 04/2016 
End 07/2016
 
Description Durham University Impact Fund / REED N-E Festival
Amount £7,138 (GBP)
Funding ID 280201 
Organisation Durham University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2016 
End 10/2016
 
Description Durham University International Engagement Grant
Amount £1,800 (GBP)
Organisation Durham University 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 01/2018 
 
Description Father Jackman Trust, Toronto /REED N-E Festival
Amount $20,000 (CAD)
Organisation University of Toronto 
Sector Academic/University
Country Canada
Start 04/2016 
End 07/2016
 
Description Franklin Research Grants
Amount $3,000 (USD)
Organisation American Philosophical Society 
Sector Learned Society
Country United States
Start 01/2016 
End 01/2016
 
Description National Endowment for the Humanities /Records of Early English Drama (Northumberland)
Amount $28,000 (USD)
Funding ID FA-232547-16 
Organisation NEH National Endowment For The Humanities 
Sector Public
Country United States
Start 05/2016 
End 10/2016
 
Title REED N-E Website 
Description A publicly accessible source of information on all aspects of the project, to which pre-publication data on performance in the North East up to 1642 is being added as rapidly as possible. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Researchers will be able to access the latest discoveries as soon as possible; the site includes a 'flower of the month' entry which changes every month, containing a new record which can be expected to engage the general public. One such entry, on the accidental death of a tightrope walker in Durham in 1237, has already led to an interview broadcast on BBC Radio Newcastle in September 2014 and to a contribution to the BBC Newcastle Television programme 'Inside Out' in January 2015. 
 
Title Theatrum Mundi 
Description A database designed for public access, giving information about the REED North-East project and in particular about the early drama exhibition and festival which will take place in Durham in 2016. 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2016 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact It is too soon to give a complete description of this, but it has already resulted in recruitment of local members of the public to take part in liturgical drama productions and workshops on renaissance dance. 
 
Description REED N-E / SITM International Medieval Theatre Conference and Festival 
Organisation International Society for the Study of Medieval Theater
Country Global 
Sector Learned Society 
PI Contribution Organising a joint 2016 conference and festival in Durham; hosting nine dramatic productions by visiting companies; mounting first modern performances of three plays from the North-East of England: the 'Lindisfarne Harrowing of Hell' (probably the earliest play from the British Isles); Lawrence of Durham's 'Peregrini' (from Durham, ca. 1150); and 'The Sacred and the Profane', a pageant which combined various traditions from the late medieval and early modern North-East, including a pageant dragon, courtly music and dance, a Dance of Death and a boy bishop procession.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners' contributions were: SITM - contributing the majority of the academic papers and a festival production of John Lydgate's 'Mumming for the Mercers of London' (London, 1429); Universität Giessen - a festival production of 'Ein Dialogus oder Gespreche von dem absterben Friderici Staphyll (a German protestant play from 1564); Poculi Ludique Societas - festival productions of 'Mankind' (a morality play from East Anglia, ca. 1465) and 'The Pride of Life' (a morality play from Dublin, ca. 1400); Pneuma Ensemble - festival production of Marie de France's 'Bisclaveret' (a Breton lai. ca. 1200); University of Western Ontario: specimens of the 'Maggio Drammatico' of Emilia Romagna, Italy (modern traditional folk opera); York Festival Trust - festival production of the York ' Crucifixion' (a mystery play from York, ca. 1480); University of Calgary - festival production of 'The Life of St. Katherine' (a middle English saint's life, ca. 1450); Les Enfants sans Abri - festival production of a 'sermon joyeux' (medieval French farce)
Impact The URL above relates only to the York 'Crucifixion'; for URL addresses for the three Durham productions, see under 'Artistic and Creative Products'
Start Year 2014
 
Description REED N-E / SITM International Medieval Theatre Conference and Festival 
Organisation Justus Liebig University Giessen
Country Germany 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Organising a joint 2016 conference and festival in Durham; hosting nine dramatic productions by visiting companies; mounting first modern performances of three plays from the North-East of England: the 'Lindisfarne Harrowing of Hell' (probably the earliest play from the British Isles); Lawrence of Durham's 'Peregrini' (from Durham, ca. 1150); and 'The Sacred and the Profane', a pageant which combined various traditions from the late medieval and early modern North-East, including a pageant dragon, courtly music and dance, a Dance of Death and a boy bishop procession.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners' contributions were: SITM - contributing the majority of the academic papers and a festival production of John Lydgate's 'Mumming for the Mercers of London' (London, 1429); Universität Giessen - a festival production of 'Ein Dialogus oder Gespreche von dem absterben Friderici Staphyll (a German protestant play from 1564); Poculi Ludique Societas - festival productions of 'Mankind' (a morality play from East Anglia, ca. 1465) and 'The Pride of Life' (a morality play from Dublin, ca. 1400); Pneuma Ensemble - festival production of Marie de France's 'Bisclaveret' (a Breton lai. ca. 1200); University of Western Ontario: specimens of the 'Maggio Drammatico' of Emilia Romagna, Italy (modern traditional folk opera); York Festival Trust - festival production of the York ' Crucifixion' (a mystery play from York, ca. 1480); University of Calgary - festival production of 'The Life of St. Katherine' (a middle English saint's life, ca. 1450); Les Enfants sans Abri - festival production of a 'sermon joyeux' (medieval French farce)
Impact The URL above relates only to the York 'Crucifixion'; for URL addresses for the three Durham productions, see under 'Artistic and Creative Products'
Start Year 2014
 
Description REED N-E / SITM International Medieval Theatre Conference and Festival 
Organisation University of Calgary
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Organising a joint 2016 conference and festival in Durham; hosting nine dramatic productions by visiting companies; mounting first modern performances of three plays from the North-East of England: the 'Lindisfarne Harrowing of Hell' (probably the earliest play from the British Isles); Lawrence of Durham's 'Peregrini' (from Durham, ca. 1150); and 'The Sacred and the Profane', a pageant which combined various traditions from the late medieval and early modern North-East, including a pageant dragon, courtly music and dance, a Dance of Death and a boy bishop procession.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners' contributions were: SITM - contributing the majority of the academic papers and a festival production of John Lydgate's 'Mumming for the Mercers of London' (London, 1429); Universität Giessen - a festival production of 'Ein Dialogus oder Gespreche von dem absterben Friderici Staphyll (a German protestant play from 1564); Poculi Ludique Societas - festival productions of 'Mankind' (a morality play from East Anglia, ca. 1465) and 'The Pride of Life' (a morality play from Dublin, ca. 1400); Pneuma Ensemble - festival production of Marie de France's 'Bisclaveret' (a Breton lai. ca. 1200); University of Western Ontario: specimens of the 'Maggio Drammatico' of Emilia Romagna, Italy (modern traditional folk opera); York Festival Trust - festival production of the York ' Crucifixion' (a mystery play from York, ca. 1480); University of Calgary - festival production of 'The Life of St. Katherine' (a middle English saint's life, ca. 1450); Les Enfants sans Abri - festival production of a 'sermon joyeux' (medieval French farce)
Impact The URL above relates only to the York 'Crucifixion'; for URL addresses for the three Durham productions, see under 'Artistic and Creative Products'
Start Year 2014
 
Description REED N-E / SITM International Medieval Theatre Conference and Festival 
Organisation University of Toronto
Department Poculi Ludique Societas
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Organising a joint 2016 conference and festival in Durham; hosting nine dramatic productions by visiting companies; mounting first modern performances of three plays from the North-East of England: the 'Lindisfarne Harrowing of Hell' (probably the earliest play from the British Isles); Lawrence of Durham's 'Peregrini' (from Durham, ca. 1150); and 'The Sacred and the Profane', a pageant which combined various traditions from the late medieval and early modern North-East, including a pageant dragon, courtly music and dance, a Dance of Death and a boy bishop procession.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners' contributions were: SITM - contributing the majority of the academic papers and a festival production of John Lydgate's 'Mumming for the Mercers of London' (London, 1429); Universität Giessen - a festival production of 'Ein Dialogus oder Gespreche von dem absterben Friderici Staphyll (a German protestant play from 1564); Poculi Ludique Societas - festival productions of 'Mankind' (a morality play from East Anglia, ca. 1465) and 'The Pride of Life' (a morality play from Dublin, ca. 1400); Pneuma Ensemble - festival production of Marie de France's 'Bisclaveret' (a Breton lai. ca. 1200); University of Western Ontario: specimens of the 'Maggio Drammatico' of Emilia Romagna, Italy (modern traditional folk opera); York Festival Trust - festival production of the York ' Crucifixion' (a mystery play from York, ca. 1480); University of Calgary - festival production of 'The Life of St. Katherine' (a middle English saint's life, ca. 1450); Les Enfants sans Abri - festival production of a 'sermon joyeux' (medieval French farce)
Impact The URL above relates only to the York 'Crucifixion'; for URL addresses for the three Durham productions, see under 'Artistic and Creative Products'
Start Year 2014
 
Description REED N-E / SITM International Medieval Theatre Conference and Festival 
Organisation University of Toronto
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Organising a joint 2016 conference and festival in Durham; hosting nine dramatic productions by visiting companies; mounting first modern performances of three plays from the North-East of England: the 'Lindisfarne Harrowing of Hell' (probably the earliest play from the British Isles); Lawrence of Durham's 'Peregrini' (from Durham, ca. 1150); and 'The Sacred and the Profane', a pageant which combined various traditions from the late medieval and early modern North-East, including a pageant dragon, courtly music and dance, a Dance of Death and a boy bishop procession.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners' contributions were: SITM - contributing the majority of the academic papers and a festival production of John Lydgate's 'Mumming for the Mercers of London' (London, 1429); Universität Giessen - a festival production of 'Ein Dialogus oder Gespreche von dem absterben Friderici Staphyll (a German protestant play from 1564); Poculi Ludique Societas - festival productions of 'Mankind' (a morality play from East Anglia, ca. 1465) and 'The Pride of Life' (a morality play from Dublin, ca. 1400); Pneuma Ensemble - festival production of Marie de France's 'Bisclaveret' (a Breton lai. ca. 1200); University of Western Ontario: specimens of the 'Maggio Drammatico' of Emilia Romagna, Italy (modern traditional folk opera); York Festival Trust - festival production of the York ' Crucifixion' (a mystery play from York, ca. 1480); University of Calgary - festival production of 'The Life of St. Katherine' (a middle English saint's life, ca. 1450); Les Enfants sans Abri - festival production of a 'sermon joyeux' (medieval French farce)
Impact The URL above relates only to the York 'Crucifixion'; for URL addresses for the three Durham productions, see under 'Artistic and Creative Products'
Start Year 2014
 
Description REED N-E / SITM International Medieval Theatre Conference and Festival 
Organisation University of Toronto
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Organising a joint 2016 conference and festival in Durham; hosting nine dramatic productions by visiting companies; mounting first modern performances of three plays from the North-East of England: the 'Lindisfarne Harrowing of Hell' (probably the earliest play from the British Isles); Lawrence of Durham's 'Peregrini' (from Durham, ca. 1150); and 'The Sacred and the Profane', a pageant which combined various traditions from the late medieval and early modern North-East, including a pageant dragon, courtly music and dance, a Dance of Death and a boy bishop procession.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners' contributions were: SITM - contributing the majority of the academic papers and a festival production of John Lydgate's 'Mumming for the Mercers of London' (London, 1429); Universität Giessen - a festival production of 'Ein Dialogus oder Gespreche von dem absterben Friderici Staphyll (a German protestant play from 1564); Poculi Ludique Societas - festival productions of 'Mankind' (a morality play from East Anglia, ca. 1465) and 'The Pride of Life' (a morality play from Dublin, ca. 1400); Pneuma Ensemble - festival production of Marie de France's 'Bisclaveret' (a Breton lai. ca. 1200); University of Western Ontario: specimens of the 'Maggio Drammatico' of Emilia Romagna, Italy (modern traditional folk opera); York Festival Trust - festival production of the York ' Crucifixion' (a mystery play from York, ca. 1480); University of Calgary - festival production of 'The Life of St. Katherine' (a middle English saint's life, ca. 1450); Les Enfants sans Abri - festival production of a 'sermon joyeux' (medieval French farce)
Impact The URL above relates only to the York 'Crucifixion'; for URL addresses for the three Durham productions, see under 'Artistic and Creative Products'
Start Year 2014
 
Description REED N-E / SITM International Medieval Theatre Conference and Festival 
Organisation Western University
Country Canada 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Organising a joint 2016 conference and festival in Durham; hosting nine dramatic productions by visiting companies; mounting first modern performances of three plays from the North-East of England: the 'Lindisfarne Harrowing of Hell' (probably the earliest play from the British Isles); Lawrence of Durham's 'Peregrini' (from Durham, ca. 1150); and 'The Sacred and the Profane', a pageant which combined various traditions from the late medieval and early modern North-East, including a pageant dragon, courtly music and dance, a Dance of Death and a boy bishop procession.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners' contributions were: SITM - contributing the majority of the academic papers and a festival production of John Lydgate's 'Mumming for the Mercers of London' (London, 1429); Universität Giessen - a festival production of 'Ein Dialogus oder Gespreche von dem absterben Friderici Staphyll (a German protestant play from 1564); Poculi Ludique Societas - festival productions of 'Mankind' (a morality play from East Anglia, ca. 1465) and 'The Pride of Life' (a morality play from Dublin, ca. 1400); Pneuma Ensemble - festival production of Marie de France's 'Bisclaveret' (a Breton lai. ca. 1200); University of Western Ontario: specimens of the 'Maggio Drammatico' of Emilia Romagna, Italy (modern traditional folk opera); York Festival Trust - festival production of the York ' Crucifixion' (a mystery play from York, ca. 1480); University of Calgary - festival production of 'The Life of St. Katherine' (a middle English saint's life, ca. 1450); Les Enfants sans Abri - festival production of a 'sermon joyeux' (medieval French farce)
Impact The URL above relates only to the York 'Crucifixion'; for URL addresses for the three Durham productions, see under 'Artistic and Creative Products'
Start Year 2014
 
Description REED N-E / SITM International Medieval Theatre Conference and Festival 
Organisation York Festival Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Organising a joint 2016 conference and festival in Durham; hosting nine dramatic productions by visiting companies; mounting first modern performances of three plays from the North-East of England: the 'Lindisfarne Harrowing of Hell' (probably the earliest play from the British Isles); Lawrence of Durham's 'Peregrini' (from Durham, ca. 1150); and 'The Sacred and the Profane', a pageant which combined various traditions from the late medieval and early modern North-East, including a pageant dragon, courtly music and dance, a Dance of Death and a boy bishop procession.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners' contributions were: SITM - contributing the majority of the academic papers and a festival production of John Lydgate's 'Mumming for the Mercers of London' (London, 1429); Universität Giessen - a festival production of 'Ein Dialogus oder Gespreche von dem absterben Friderici Staphyll (a German protestant play from 1564); Poculi Ludique Societas - festival productions of 'Mankind' (a morality play from East Anglia, ca. 1465) and 'The Pride of Life' (a morality play from Dublin, ca. 1400); Pneuma Ensemble - festival production of Marie de France's 'Bisclaveret' (a Breton lai. ca. 1200); University of Western Ontario: specimens of the 'Maggio Drammatico' of Emilia Romagna, Italy (modern traditional folk opera); York Festival Trust - festival production of the York ' Crucifixion' (a mystery play from York, ca. 1480); University of Calgary - festival production of 'The Life of St. Katherine' (a middle English saint's life, ca. 1450); Les Enfants sans Abri - festival production of a 'sermon joyeux' (medieval French farce)
Impact The URL above relates only to the York 'Crucifixion'; for URL addresses for the three Durham productions, see under 'Artistic and Creative Products'
Start Year 2014
 
Description REED N-E / SITM International Medieval Theatre Conference and Festival 
Organisation York Festival Trust
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Private 
PI Contribution Organising a joint 2016 conference and festival in Durham; hosting nine dramatic productions by visiting companies; mounting first modern performances of three plays from the North-East of England: the 'Lindisfarne Harrowing of Hell' (probably the earliest play from the British Isles); Lawrence of Durham's 'Peregrini' (from Durham, ca. 1150); and 'The Sacred and the Profane', a pageant which combined various traditions from the late medieval and early modern North-East, including a pageant dragon, courtly music and dance, a Dance of Death and a boy bishop procession.
Collaborator Contribution Our partners' contributions were: SITM - contributing the majority of the academic papers and a festival production of John Lydgate's 'Mumming for the Mercers of London' (London, 1429); Universität Giessen - a festival production of 'Ein Dialogus oder Gespreche von dem absterben Friderici Staphyll (a German protestant play from 1564); Poculi Ludique Societas - festival productions of 'Mankind' (a morality play from East Anglia, ca. 1465) and 'The Pride of Life' (a morality play from Dublin, ca. 1400); Pneuma Ensemble - festival production of Marie de France's 'Bisclaveret' (a Breton lai. ca. 1200); University of Western Ontario: specimens of the 'Maggio Drammatico' of Emilia Romagna, Italy (modern traditional folk opera); York Festival Trust - festival production of the York ' Crucifixion' (a mystery play from York, ca. 1480); University of Calgary - festival production of 'The Life of St. Katherine' (a middle English saint's life, ca. 1450); Les Enfants sans Abri - festival production of a 'sermon joyeux' (medieval French farce)
Impact The URL above relates only to the York 'Crucifixion'; for URL addresses for the three Durham productions, see under 'Artistic and Creative Products'
Start Year 2014
 
Description Alexander, Robert, Flower of the month: '"No No my Lord: Northumberland will have no turnings or windings"' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=3401
 
Description Alexander, Robert, Flower of the month: 'Knights of the Bath Behaving Badly' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=1773
 
Description Alexander, Robert: 'The Percys' Fool in the New World?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=4088
 
Description BBC Shakespeare on Tour, contributions by McGee, Edward 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact website organised by the BBC which collected interesting material on early performance of Shakespeare from all over England, including Doncaster and Rufford, West Yorkshire
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p03fcz11
 
Description BBC Shakespeare on Tour, contributions by Westfall, Suzanne 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact website organised by the BBC which collected interesting material on early performance of Shakespeare from all over England, including Newcastle and Gouthwaite, North Yorkshire
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p03fcz11
 
Description Baert, Lieven and Ravelhofer, Barbara: Strictly Renaissance Come Dancing 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Two workshops of four sessions each covering the essentials of renaissance dance. Some participants went on to become performers in 'The Sacred and the Profane' (see under 'Artistic and Creative Products'); written feedback was received from many participants, and was without exception enthusiastic. In addition to the URL noted below, see also http://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?page_id=672 and http://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?page_id=693
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?page_id=659
 
Description Beckett, Jamie: 'A Funny Kind of Devotion? Laughter in the Biblical Drama of late Medieval Towns and Cities' (podcast of a talk in Durham Cathedral) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact one of a series of podcasts in connection with the REED N-E exhibition 'Plays, Parchment and Performance'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?page_id=2210/
 
Description Chambers, Mark and McKinnell, John, Flower of the month: 'Celebrating Corpus Christi in medieval Durham' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=2883
 
Description Chambers, Mark, Flower of the month: 'Durham Welcomes King James I' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=403
 
Description Chambers, Mark, Flower of the month: 'Durham welcomes James I ... (and courts controversy)' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=595
 
Description Chambers, Mark, Flower of the month: 'Epiphanytide in Medieval Durham' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=3494
 
Description Chambers, Mark: 'Corpus Christi in Durham' (podcast of a talk in Durham Cathedral) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact one of a series of podcasts in connection with the REED N-E Exhibition 'Plays, Parchment and Performance'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?page_id=2211/
 
Description Children's workshops, Kirkmerrington Junior School, Spennymoor, Co. Durham 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Three workshops for junior school children:
1. Introduction to renaissance dance and rules of comportment, for children aged 10-11 (led by Lieven Baert, with Barbara Ravelhofer and John McKinnell). Three children then took part in 'The Sacred and the Profane' (see 'Artistic and Creative Products');
2. Dragon workshop (Lieven Baert and Barbara Ravelhofer, with Phenix Studios, Hexham): an introduction to dragons (locally called 'worms') in pageant processions, Elizabethan shows and local legend. Children made and decorated paper dragons, learned about local dragon legends and how Phenix Studios staff were re-creating a twenty-foot pageant dragon.
3. Climax of the dragon project (Barbara Ravelhover, with Mark Chambers, Gasper Jakovac and Jamie Beckett manipulating the dragon and John McKinnell as storyteller): older children took part in a parade round the school with the completed dragon, while younger children (aged 5-6) heard illustrated stories of local legendary 'worms'.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Interview on Souling Plays and Soul Cakes, Atlas Obscura, 11 December 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact New York blogger Abbey Perreault produced article "The British Bake Off That's Resurrecting a Forgotten Medieval Cake". This was based on 25-min interview with B. Ravelhofer.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/medieval-bake-off
 
Description Jakovac, Gasper: 'Catholic Recusants in Performance' (podcast of talk in Durham Cathedral) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact one of a series of podcasts in connection with the REED N-E exhibition: 'Plays, Parchment and Performance'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?page_id=386
 
Description John McKinnell: 'Drama and Ceremony in Medieval Durham'; Talk to County Durham Local History Society 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 41 members of this local history society attended this illustrated lecture, which was enthusiastically received and followed by questions and discussion.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://durhamweb.org.uk/dclhs/
 
Description Klausner, David, Flower of the month: 'Just who's playing The Dumb Knight?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=915
 
Description McGee Edward: Flower of the month: 'The Devil of Doncaster', REED N-E website 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=2098
 
Description McGee, Edward, Flower of the month: 'A "common minstrel"? - NOT William Smith of Headingley' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=1847
 
Description McGee, Edward, Flower of the month: 'A Libelous Song in Court of Star Chamber' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=871
 
Description McGee, Edward, Flower of the month: 'Leeds' John Harrison - good Christian benefactor or "the very knave of knaves"?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=3186
 
Description McGee, Edward, Flower of the month: 'The "Flower of the Well" - shots fired over folk customs in Aldborough' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=940
 
Description McGee, Edward, Flower of the month: 'The "lusty dauncinge prest" of Rufforth' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=1551
 
Description McGee, Edward: Dragons and Dancing Giants in Yorkshire's West Riding 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=3835
 
Description McKinnell, John and Chambers, Mark, Flower of the month: 'Thomas Fatuus gets replaced by a monkey!' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=1332
 
Description McKinnell, John and Chambers, Mark, Flower of the month: 'Update: even earlier plough ceremonies from Durham?' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=3555
 
Description McKinnell, John and Chambers, Mark: Celebrating Maundy Thursday in Medieval Durham 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=3642
 
Description McKinnell, John and Chambers, Mark: More Evidence of Boy Bishops in Durham 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=4046
 
Description McKinnell, John, Flower of the Month: 'Modyr Nackett (Mother Naked)' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=390
 
Description McKinnell, John, Flower of the month: 'The death of a medieval tightrope walker' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=701
 
Description McKinnell, John: 'Worms, Stags and Other Folk Performances' (podcast of a talk in Durham Cathedral) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact one of a series of podcasts in connection with the REED N-E Exhibition 'Plays, Parchment and Performance'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?page_id=2208/
 
Description Medieval Magical Creatures: York Festival of Ideas, 10 June 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The REED-Team and 2nd year undergraduate intern (Emily Smith) took the project's stage dragon to York and exhibited it on the Heslington campus, University of York, both in a lecture theatre and outside. Jamie Beckett gave a talk. There were several events in a row, with people milling in and out; it was very difficult to make visitors fill in questionnaires under such circumstances. The event attracted many children, some dressed up like Harry Potter. Estimate: overall 140 audience in hall, another 150 or so outside; overall roughly 300.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Playing the Cornetto for Beginners: A Masterclass with Gawain Glenton, 9 Nov 2018 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Gawain Glenton, a professional musician, introduced members of the workshop to the basics of playing the cornetto, a Renaissance wind instrument. The workshop was free and advertised to students as well as general members of the public via our project mailing lists.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description REED N-E Annual Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact All researchers give papers and contribute to discussion of each others' findings and questions; in 2015 there were also brief talks by invited international advisors on choreography (Mr. Lieven Baert) and reconstructive musicology (Prof. Margot Fassler) as part of our plans for Durham-based productions at our 2016 early drama festival. Plans are in hand for a published volume of these papers at the end of the project.

Profs. Alexander and Klausner used the opportunity of their visits to Britain to visit relevant record offices in Chichester and London; all participants reported increased understanding of and enthusiasm for the project; a theatre visit by the research team to the Georgian Theatre Royal in Richmond, North Yorkshire enabled us to inform theatre enthusiasts among the general public about REED N-E.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description REED N-E Durham Committee 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? Yes
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact The committee discussed and acquired accommodation and equipment; oversaw the creation and development of the project's website; kept project spending under review; organised and reviewed the project's annual conference; decided on a much larger joint conference and drama festival, held in Durham 2016 in conjunction with the Société Internationale pour l'Etude du Theatre Medieval and Durham University's Institute for Medieval and Early Modern Studies; and planned and oversaw two exhibitions for 2016, one in conjunction with Durham Cathedral, the other in conjunction with Durham University Library. It is now planning a volume of academic papers based on the presentations given by group members at our annual summer meetings.

See above; detailed examples of performance records on our website led to a interview broadcast on BBC Radio Newcastle (including one about an unfortunate tightrope walker who fell to his death from Durham Cathedral in 1237 and another about a 'man-woman' performer in 1433-4 whose performance was probably one of the ancestors of the modern pantomime dame).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014,2015,2016,2017
URL https://www.dur.ac.uk/imems/research/strands/performance/
 
Description Ravelhofer Barbara, Chambers Mark, Wyatt Diana, Smith Emily, Jakovac Gasper 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Participation of the Durham Pageant Dragon in the York Festival of Ideas, University of York
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Ravelhofer, Barbara, Baert, Lieven and others: Making Skeleton Costumes 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A workshop in collaboration with Jenny Tiramani and Claire Thornton (both from the School of Historical Dress, London) and Rosamund Barnes and Norma Goff (both from Durham Medieval Theatre Company) which used surviving costumes from the Historical Museum, Bern, Switzerland and painted panels in Hexham Abbey to research and reconstruct skeleton costumes used in medieval and early modern performances of the Dance of Death. The resulting costumes were then used in the production 'The Sacred and the Profane' (see under 'Artistic and Creative Products')
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?page_id=661
 
Description Ravelhofer, Barbara: 'Records of Early English Drama North-East': talk to Durham Cathedral Broderers' Guild 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact a talk explaining the aims and scope of REED N-E and exploring the opportunities for using its results in the reconstruction of medieval and early modern embroidery
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Ravelhofer, Barbara: Hexham Abbey lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'The Dance of Death in Image and Experience' - Hexham Abbey lecture and feature in 'The Hexham Courant' (local newspaper, circulation ca. 12,000) 17th October, 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.hexham-courant.co.uk/features/Abbeys-panels-are-a-national-treasure-7abe8841-abef-4b69-9d...
 
Description The Great Northern Soul Cake Bake: A brief history of soul cakes 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The aim of this activity, which was linked to the performance 'Souls of the North', was to revive the northern English tradition of baking 'soul cakes' to be given to the performers of folk plays on All Souls Day, and to award a prize to the creator of the best recipe. It was organised and judged by Barbara Ravelhofer and Hector Sequera.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?page_id=3908
 
Description Thomas, Sylvia, Flower of the month: '"Phyllida was a fair maid" - a young wife's lament' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=1200
 
Description Two presentations on REED and REED N-E by Diana Wyatt and Mark Chambers 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Supporters
Results and Impact Presentations (September and October 2019) to York Mystery Plays Supporters Trust on the use of documentary sources in the understanding and production of medieval drama, and particularly of the York Mystery Plays
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Volunteer Party and Scoping Event. Durham Castle, Senate Suite, 11 Feb 2019 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact The Co-I organized and chaired this university-sponsored event to celebrate the volunteers who had helped with the engagement activities on the project, and to plan for REED-NE's legacy. The reception welcomed performers, academics and university officers, and local and regional stakeholders - overall 40. The event was also endorsed by Durham Old Gardens, the City of Durham Trust, and Durham Parish Council. A short presentation summarized audience feedback achieved so far (over 350 individual forms plus guestbook from exhibition at Durham Cathedral in 2016), and pointed towards possible projects; thereafter, guests discussed what activities might be fostered in the future.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
 
Description Washington Carnival: participation of the Durham pageant dragon 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact a pageant dragon, reflecting that brought to Durham by an Elizabethan showman and several local legends, took part in the Washington Carnival (report with pictures in the 'Sunderland Echo', 17th September, 2016 - see last picture)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.sunderlandecho.com/news/people-line-the-streets-for-washington-carnival-parade-1-8131761
 
Description Westfall, Suzanne, Flower of the month: 'Youths playing "badly" in Berwick-upon Tweed' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=3145
 
Description Wyatt Diana, York Wagon Plays, University of York 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Public lecture in conjunction with the 2018 York Guilds and Companies production of the York plays on wagons
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Wyatt Diana. Hull Truck Theatre discussion 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Open discussion with members of the RSC touring company on their production of Shakespeare's 'Julius Caesar'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Wyatt, Diana and Jakovac, Gasper: A New Year's Day play in the East Riding of Yorkshire 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2019
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=4060
 
Description Wyatt, Diana, Flower of the month: 'A wagon, a Worme and two wings' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=412
 
Description Wyatt, Diana, Flower of the month: 'Baiting Bears - and Provocative Spectators' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=896
 
Description Wyatt, Diana, Flower of the month: 'Harpsichords in Hull' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=1689
 
Description Wyatt, Diana, Flower of the month: 'Stylish Yorkshire wedding celebrations: Elizabeth Nevile, 1526' 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=2438
 
Description Wyatt, Diana: 'Making Music in the North-East: Waits and Minstrels around the Region' (podcast of a talk in Durham Cathedral) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact one of a series of podcasts in connection with the REED N-E Exhibition 'Plays, Parchment and Performance'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?page_id=2209/
 
Description Wyatt, Diana: 'Medieval Music in Beverley': local radio broadcast 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Radio talk on early music in the East Riding, especially on town waits
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Wyatt, Diana: 'Shakespeare: the Hull Connection' (contribution to BBC website) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A broadcast e.g. TV/radio/film/podcast (other than news/press)
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact contribution to the BBC 'Shakespeare on Tour' website
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/articles/33k18GkkyKs557JLzl1CcmD/shakespeare-the-hull-connection
 
Description Wyatt, Diana: Beverley Treasure House Lecture 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Drama, Documents and Detective Work: Adventures in the East Riding Archives'; talk for local history group
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Wyatt, Diana: Beverley's Benevolence to Henry VIII 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact 'Flower of the month' blogs feature interesting recent discoveries of performance activities in the North-East, and are designed to keep our online audience up to date on the progress of the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://community.dur.ac.uk/reed.ne/?p=3595
 
Description Wyatt, Diana: Henry VIII in York: pilgrimage, plots and penitence 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact A public talk given at York Explore, York central public library, in connection with a production of Shakespeare and Fletcher's 'Henry VIII'
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://www.exploreyork.org.uk/event/henry-viii-in-york-pilgrimage-plots-and-penitence/
 
Description Wyatt, Diana: Noah in Hull: the Medieval Beginnings. Talk in Hull Minster. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Part of a day celebrating the Noah tradition in Hull
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL https://earlyenglishdrama.wordpress.com/2017/06/13/the-hull-noah-play-trinity-square-hull-24-june-20...
 
Description Wyatt, Diana: REED N-E Community Course 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 'Drama, Ritual, Storytelling and People': a Community Course run by Durham University Medieval and Early Modern Students' Association (MEMSA) and sponsored by Durham University Institute for Medieval and Early Modern Studies
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.dur.ac.uk/imems/events/?eventno=29509
 
Description beckett, Jamie: '"Whisht! Lads": The Lambton Worm, Medievalism(s) and Radical Jack the Earl of Durham' 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact public lecture in annual late summer series organised by Durham University, Institute of Medieval and Early Modern Studies; URL will be added.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016