Crossing the threshold: the evolution of place and landscape in earliest prehistory

Lead Research Organisation: University of Southampton
Department Name: Faculty of Humanities

Abstract

The 'Caveman' persists in the popular imagination as typifying the original human condition. This is despite over 150 years of continuous discovery and the development of our sophisticated understanding of the human evolutionary path. But even with these advances it has proved difficult to shake off the widely held perception that our ancestors led a precarious existence made only bearable by the use of caves as the original primitive home.
Our research programme will scrutinise the evidence for the early human use of caves. By doing so we hope to shift fundamentally the perception of our cave dwelling ancestors for both academics and the wider public.
The fact is that for the majority of human evolution we find little or no clear evidence as to where our ancestors were living. This has led to suggestions that they occupied landscapes rather like other animals. Perhaps this involved using impermanent shelters which left no trace in the archaeological record. However, this situation appears to change quite rapidly across the world after half a million years ago. From this point on we start to see, in Africa, Asia and Europe, early human populations who now occupied caves for extended periods of time. Therefore far from the use of caves representing an original, primitive, human condition, their use points instead to a revolution in human behaviour; A revolution in the use of space, technology, landscape and the conception of time; A revolution that has been overlooked by archaeologists but whose implications are immense.
Our research project will begin with the detailed analysis of a key site which shows this new behaviour. La Cotte de St Brelade is a spectacular cave system on the south coast of the island of Jersey. It provides evidence for the long term occupation of the site by Neanderthals hunters spanning almost 200,000 years. During over a century of excavation it has produced one of the largest collections of Neanderthal artefacts and other remains known from Europe. And yet the archive has remained inaccessible for a generation and has never been subjected to a complete analysis.
We intend to bring modern, scientific archaeological analysis to bear on the unique collections of material from la Cotte de St Brelade. We will do this in order to study in detail the changing nature of human behaviour at the site. We want to know to what extent the site represents a Neanderthal 'home'; how the Neanderthals at the site used the landscape around them; and how they organised themselves socially to become a highly effective species with a long and successful history of settlement in the region.
We will use the la Cotte study as a springboard to develop a new understanding of this radical way of life. We will do this by comparing our findings to other cave sites in Europe which have similar evidence for the development of long-lived settlement sites; Sites where time takes on a vertical dimension for the first time and where the quantity of evidence allows us to call them 'super-sites'.
In the final part of our project we aim to bring together researchers from around the globe who are researching sites showing similar revolutionary behaviour. This will provide a global perspective on the evolutionary significance of the use of caves. Our research will provide the opportunity to determine what sustained cave occupation means for our understanding of human development. It also opens the door to exploring the immensely exciting possibility that the cavemen of popular imagination actually represent a fundamentality transformative phase in the human evolutionary path.

Planned Impact

1. Formation of a La Cotte de St Brelade Working Group: Progress has already been made this during 2012 to form a La Cotte de St Brelade Working Group to over see both the immediate remedial measures outlined in this project and the formation of a long term management plan. The working group will comprise key representatives from the Société Jersiaise, Jersey Heritage, the State Planning Department and other identified stakeholders. Academic representatives from the UK and the continent will also be invited to participate/comment. By reporting to the working group directly at regular monthly intervals during the project, momentum towards long term management can be maintained through direct and meaningful engagement.

2. Public Engagement: The information gathered during the project will provide an opportunity to show case both the remaining archaeological potential of the site and modern scientific archaeological techniques. By feeding results directly to Jersey Heritage, they will be effectively placed to arrange both a public presentation of our work and integration of results into existing and new museum displays. The medium term possibility of La Cotte forming part of an exhibition at the Natural History Museum London, will also provide an exceptional means of wider dissemination.

3. Media Engagement: Our project has already attracted considerable media interest, being regularly covered by both the BBC and local Jersey media through 2010 and 2011. BBC coverage this summer on Radio 4's Tribes of Science and BBC1's Digging For Britain has widened our profile further. Further documentary filming is planned for 2012 and negotiations already underway for a focused series of programme on the archaeology of the site.

4. Web Coverage: An account of the project will be provide, along with results as they are published on both our own QAEJ website, the UCL main web site and web sites maintained by Jersey Heritage and the Société Jersiaise.

5. International Promot The States of Jersey are keen to showcase the island internationally in terms of natural resources and diversity of interests. The ancient human archaeology of the island is proving itself to be an effective way to promote the island as a whole, widening at the same time, an awareness of the increasingly detailed picture of ancient human life we aim to develop in the course of the work.

Publications

10 25 50
 
Title Brian Graham Music and Archaeology 
Description A series of 40 artworks exploring the power of images to express ideas about the past. The site of La Cotte on Jersey is one of the subjects depicted. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact The work has not yet been shown but the Threshold project is looking for suitable venues. 
 
Title Jersey Heritage Arts group 
Description Initial consultation has taken place to explore the use of research generated by the Threshold Project in art-works. 
Type Of Art Artwork 
Year Produced 2014 
Impact To follow 
 
Title Jersey Ice Age Exhibition 
Description The creation of a life-size Neanderthal mannequin 
Type Of Art Artefact (including digital) 
Year Produced 2015 
Impact The mannequin enhanced visitor experience to the Ice Age Island exhibition and has become a favourite with Schools and encouraging them to use and visit museums. 
URL http://www.itv.com/news/channel/2015-10-26/stepping-back-into-jerseys-ice-age/
 
Description Early Middle Palaeolithic Neanderthal behaviour reflects plastic and complex responses to changing late Middle Pleistocene landscapes and environmental settings.
This is attested to by the changing use of place and landscape which can be reconstructed from the stone tools assemblages from La Cotte de St Brelade.
These assemblages reflect changing patterns of behaviour over an extended period of the late Middle Pleistocene which are influenced, but not rigidly controlled, by changing landscape and environmental settings; Neanderthals were actively structuring these landscape and places, not simply reacting to external factors.
This active structuring of their world is demonstrated by the repetitive, but changing use of La Cotte as a 'persistent place' as part of varied landscape-use strategies.
This persistence use of place reflects an enhanced patina of an extended social life, whilst the process by which places such as La Cotte became persistent is the process by which landscape becomes encultured and mapped.
The methodologies and results of this study bring into question the validity of widely adhered approaches to Neanderthal technology which use technological traditions as a measure of cultural complexity.
Exploitation Route The model of persistent places is now published in a high profile journal. We expect that it will be widely used to discuss changes in human evolutionary behaviour. The major data findings from the site of la Cotte will also be a primary data set for Palaeolithic archaeologists for several years to come. We consider this a legacy.
Sectors Education,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

 
Description The research at La Cotte has already been used to inform the heritage management policy at the site. It is a coastal location and climate change is resulting in higher than expected winter storms. These are eroding the deposits which contain important archaeology within the cave. At the request of the owners and managers of the site (Societe Jersiaise and Jersey Heritage) the project has advised on a conservation strategy and assisted in works ahead of installing sea defenses. The research for this work has been seen as vital. The research into Jersey as an Ice Age Island has also been used by Jersey Heritage to promote the island as a tourist destination. Visitors to Jersey Airport have been greeted with banners advertising the ice age heritage of the island while permanent displays at Hogue Bie museum feature work by project members. The Ice Age Jersey exhibition which opened in 2015 has been a success with the general public and schools as seen by the number of visits and the positive comments received.
First Year Of Impact 2013
Sector Education,Environment,Leisure Activities, including Sports, Recreation and Tourism,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections
Impact Types Cultural,Economic

 
Title 3D laser scanning 
Description The site has been recorded with hitherto unrealisable accuracy through 3D laser scanning. This has been essnetial in matching the historic stratigraphies. 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Will be used in the Jersey Ice Age exhibition in 2015 
 
Title Computing 
Description Spatial interrogation of datasets using ArcGIS and CloudCompare 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact Understanding the complex stratigraphy at La Cotte 
 
Title Microscopy 
Description Using the Natural History Museum facilities and the expertise of Dr Silvia Bello we have scanned a series of bone samples which exhibit traces of hominin modification 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The results will be used in the permanent displays of Jersey Heritage. 
 
Title Scanning 
Description Using Photogrammetry, RTI, SEM and Alicona to examine surface treatment of bones and to determine human impact on them. 
Type Of Material Technology assay or reagent 
Year Produced 2014 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact The impacts will be in the area of public engagement 
 
Title Typology 
Description Techno-typologicial analysis and refitting of stone tools 
Type Of Material Improvements to research infrastructure 
Provided To Others? No  
Impact The analysis of >100,000 stone tools dating to the neanderthal occupations at La Cotte 
 
Title The database is now on-line with Archaeology Data Service York 
Description A link will also be available from the British School at Athens 
Type Of Material Database/Collection of data 
Year Produced 2009 
Provided To Others? Yes  
Impact Used as a management tool by the Greek Archaeological Service 
URL http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/archives/view/stones_ahrb_2013/
 
Description Calleva Pathways to Ancient Britain (PAB) Project 
Organisation British Museum
Department Department of Britain, Europe and Prehistory
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Collaborative research with colleagues at the British Museum and Natural History Museum as part of the Calleva Pathways to Ancient Britain (PAB) Project
Collaborator Contribution Specialist knowledge and access to comparative reference collections
Impact Publications, Ice Age island exhibition Jersey Museum
Start Year 2013
 
Description Calleva Pathways to Ancient Britain (PAB) Project 
Organisation Natural History Museum
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Collaborative research with colleagues at the British Museum and Natural History Museum as part of the Calleva Pathways to Ancient Britain (PAB) Project
Collaborator Contribution Specialist knowledge and access to comparative reference collections
Impact Publications, Ice Age island exhibition Jersey Museum
Start Year 2013
 
Description Ice Age island 
Organisation British Museum
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Project work focused on the site of La Cotte and outlined in the Crossing the Threshold application. Collaborative research with colleagues at CReAAH - Université Rennes, Éveha and CNRS as part of Ice Age Island (IAI) and "Les premiers peuplements de l'Ouest de la France: dépôts pléistocènes et occupations paléolithiques du littoral armoricain" Project
Collaborator Contribution We have received specialist advice from UK Universities. heritage and site specific issues, including permission to work and access to the collections for the Jersey bodies
Impact Ice Age jersey exhibition at La Hogue Bie which displays La Cotte material and the results from the Threshold project. These data are already being used to promote Jersey as a tourist destination. Project members have also given advice on the protection and management of La Cotte in the face of severe weather and coastal erosion
Start Year 2013
 
Description Ice Age island 
Organisation Jersey Heritage
Country Jersey 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Project work focused on the site of La Cotte and outlined in the Crossing the Threshold application. Collaborative research with colleagues at CReAAH - Université Rennes, Éveha and CNRS as part of Ice Age Island (IAI) and "Les premiers peuplements de l'Ouest de la France: dépôts pléistocènes et occupations paléolithiques du littoral armoricain" Project
Collaborator Contribution We have received specialist advice from UK Universities. heritage and site specific issues, including permission to work and access to the collections for the Jersey bodies
Impact Ice Age jersey exhibition at La Hogue Bie which displays La Cotte material and the results from the Threshold project. These data are already being used to promote Jersey as a tourist destination. Project members have also given advice on the protection and management of La Cotte in the face of severe weather and coastal erosion
Start Year 2013
 
Description Ice Age island 
Organisation Natural History Museum
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Project work focused on the site of La Cotte and outlined in the Crossing the Threshold application. Collaborative research with colleagues at CReAAH - Université Rennes, Éveha and CNRS as part of Ice Age Island (IAI) and "Les premiers peuplements de l'Ouest de la France: dépôts pléistocènes et occupations paléolithiques du littoral armoricain" Project
Collaborator Contribution We have received specialist advice from UK Universities. heritage and site specific issues, including permission to work and access to the collections for the Jersey bodies
Impact Ice Age jersey exhibition at La Hogue Bie which displays La Cotte material and the results from the Threshold project. These data are already being used to promote Jersey as a tourist destination. Project members have also given advice on the protection and management of La Cotte in the face of severe weather and coastal erosion
Start Year 2013
 
Description Ice Age island 
Organisation Paris West University Nanterre La Défense
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Project work focused on the site of La Cotte and outlined in the Crossing the Threshold application. Collaborative research with colleagues at CReAAH - Université Rennes, Éveha and CNRS as part of Ice Age Island (IAI) and "Les premiers peuplements de l'Ouest de la France: dépôts pléistocènes et occupations paléolithiques du littoral armoricain" Project
Collaborator Contribution We have received specialist advice from UK Universities. heritage and site specific issues, including permission to work and access to the collections for the Jersey bodies
Impact Ice Age jersey exhibition at La Hogue Bie which displays La Cotte material and the results from the Threshold project. These data are already being used to promote Jersey as a tourist destination. Project members have also given advice on the protection and management of La Cotte in the face of severe weather and coastal erosion
Start Year 2013
 
Description Ice Age island 
Organisation Societe Jersiaise
Country Jersey 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Project work focused on the site of La Cotte and outlined in the Crossing the Threshold application. Collaborative research with colleagues at CReAAH - Université Rennes, Éveha and CNRS as part of Ice Age Island (IAI) and "Les premiers peuplements de l'Ouest de la France: dépôts pléistocènes et occupations paléolithiques du littoral armoricain" Project
Collaborator Contribution We have received specialist advice from UK Universities. heritage and site specific issues, including permission to work and access to the collections for the Jersey bodies
Impact Ice Age jersey exhibition at La Hogue Bie which displays La Cotte material and the results from the Threshold project. These data are already being used to promote Jersey as a tourist destination. Project members have also given advice on the protection and management of La Cotte in the face of severe weather and coastal erosion
Start Year 2013
 
Description Ice Age island 
Organisation University College London
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Project work focused on the site of La Cotte and outlined in the Crossing the Threshold application. Collaborative research with colleagues at CReAAH - Université Rennes, Éveha and CNRS as part of Ice Age Island (IAI) and "Les premiers peuplements de l'Ouest de la France: dépôts pléistocènes et occupations paléolithiques du littoral armoricain" Project
Collaborator Contribution We have received specialist advice from UK Universities. heritage and site specific issues, including permission to work and access to the collections for the Jersey bodies
Impact Ice Age jersey exhibition at La Hogue Bie which displays La Cotte material and the results from the Threshold project. These data are already being used to promote Jersey as a tourist destination. Project members have also given advice on the protection and management of La Cotte in the face of severe weather and coastal erosion
Start Year 2013
 
Description Ice Age island 
Organisation University of Manchester
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Project work focused on the site of La Cotte and outlined in the Crossing the Threshold application. Collaborative research with colleagues at CReAAH - Université Rennes, Éveha and CNRS as part of Ice Age Island (IAI) and "Les premiers peuplements de l'Ouest de la France: dépôts pléistocènes et occupations paléolithiques du littoral armoricain" Project
Collaborator Contribution We have received specialist advice from UK Universities. heritage and site specific issues, including permission to work and access to the collections for the Jersey bodies
Impact Ice Age jersey exhibition at La Hogue Bie which displays La Cotte material and the results from the Threshold project. These data are already being used to promote Jersey as a tourist destination. Project members have also given advice on the protection and management of La Cotte in the face of severe weather and coastal erosion
Start Year 2013
 
Description Ice Age island 
Organisation University of Rennes 1
Country France 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Project work focused on the site of La Cotte and outlined in the Crossing the Threshold application. Collaborative research with colleagues at CReAAH - Université Rennes, Éveha and CNRS as part of Ice Age Island (IAI) and "Les premiers peuplements de l'Ouest de la France: dépôts pléistocènes et occupations paléolithiques du littoral armoricain" Project
Collaborator Contribution We have received specialist advice from UK Universities. heritage and site specific issues, including permission to work and access to the collections for the Jersey bodies
Impact Ice Age jersey exhibition at La Hogue Bie which displays La Cotte material and the results from the Threshold project. These data are already being used to promote Jersey as a tourist destination. Project members have also given advice on the protection and management of La Cotte in the face of severe weather and coastal erosion
Start Year 2013
 
Description Ice Age island 
Organisation University of Wales Trinity Saint David
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Project work focused on the site of La Cotte and outlined in the Crossing the Threshold application. Collaborative research with colleagues at CReAAH - Université Rennes, Éveha and CNRS as part of Ice Age Island (IAI) and "Les premiers peuplements de l'Ouest de la France: dépôts pléistocènes et occupations paléolithiques du littoral armoricain" Project
Collaborator Contribution We have received specialist advice from UK Universities. heritage and site specific issues, including permission to work and access to the collections for the Jersey bodies
Impact Ice Age jersey exhibition at La Hogue Bie which displays La Cotte material and the results from the Threshold project. These data are already being used to promote Jersey as a tourist destination. Project members have also given advice on the protection and management of La Cotte in the face of severe weather and coastal erosion
Start Year 2013
 
Description Jersey Heritage restoration of La Cotte Cave and headland 
Organisation Jersey Heritage
Country Jersey 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Advising on the restoration works undertaken by a specialist geological company
Collaborator Contribution Organising and raising funds from the Estates of Jesey
Impact Whewn completed visitors will be able to access the site and the headland.
Start Year 2018
 
Description Le Manche Prehistory (LaMP) and Ice Age Island Projects (IAI). 
Organisation Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
Department Institute of Archaeology
Country China 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Scientific advice on archaeological research and management
Collaborator Contribution Support and permissions to study collections
Impact Ice Age exhibition Jersey Museum
Start Year 2013
 
Description Le Manche Prehistory (LaMP) and Ice Age Island Projects (IAI). 
Organisation Jersey Heritage
Country Jersey 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Scientific advice on archaeological research and management
Collaborator Contribution Support and permissions to study collections
Impact Ice Age exhibition Jersey Museum
Start Year 2013
 
Description Le Manche Prehistory (LaMP) and Ice Age Island Projects (IAI). 
Organisation Societe Jersiaise
Country Jersey 
Sector Charity/Non Profit 
PI Contribution Scientific advice on archaeological research and management
Collaborator Contribution Support and permissions to study collections
Impact Ice Age exhibition Jersey Museum
Start Year 2013
 
Description Le Manche Prehistory (LaMP) and Ice Age Island Projects (IAI). 
Organisation University of Manchester
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Scientific advice on archaeological research and management
Collaborator Contribution Support and permissions to study collections
Impact Ice Age exhibition Jersey Museum
Start Year 2013
 
Description Le Manche Prehistory (LaMP) and Ice Age Island Projects (IAI). 
Organisation University of St Andrews
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Scientific advice on archaeological research and management
Collaborator Contribution Support and permissions to study collections
Impact Ice Age exhibition Jersey Museum
Start Year 2013
 
Description Le Manche Prehistory (LaMP) and Ice Age Island Projects (IAI). 
Organisation University of Wales Trinity Saint David
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Scientific advice on archaeological research and management
Collaborator Contribution Support and permissions to study collections
Impact Ice Age exhibition Jersey Museum
Start Year 2013
 
Description Archaeology Careers event for 6th Form students, Weighbridge Museum, Jersey 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 15th April 2016: A lively discussion about archaeology and human evolution between project members and sixth formers
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Beccy Scott & Chantal Conneller- 'Jersey: Ice Age Island'. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Largest british Archaeology conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Brighton Catalyst Club: March 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Brighton Catalyst Club: March 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description British Museum members Lecture October 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact An invited talk by Clive Gamble to the British Museum members. This led to a podcast hosted by the museum
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description CBA Wessex 60th Anniversary Conference "Dawn: from our earliest ancestors to the hunter-gatherers of the Mesolithic", University of Southampton, 5th November 2018. Beccy Scott : 'Neanderthals of the Western English Channel: a view from an Ice Age". 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Significant amateur body interested in archaeology
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Channel Islands Archaeology Conference; Recent Archaeological Research in the Channel Islands and nearby France, Societe Jersiaise, 6th-9th September 2018. Dr Andy Shaw 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited talk on the Threshold project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Clive Gamble Did hominins ever leave Africa Prehistoric Society Europa Conference York 23rd June 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact La Cotte formed a central part of the presentation
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Discover the secrets of La Cotte: Heritage on Tap pub talk / handling session, The Smugglers, Ouasne, Jersey 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 11th April It was a handling session of Palaoelithic aretafcts from the La Cotte excavations and proved very popular. Led by Dr B.Scott
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Displaying Deep History Workshop, British Museum, London, 4th-5th October 2018. International workshop organised by Beccy Scott and Alexandra Fletcher (on behalf of British Museum Early Societies Research Group) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Workshop stemming from Threshold project organised by co-PIs
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description European Association of Archaeologists Annual Conference, Barcelona, 5th-8th September 2018. Beccy Scott and Alexandra Fletcher "Displaying Deep History at the British Museum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference paper
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description European Society for the Study of Human Evolution, September 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact European Society for the Study of Human Evolution, September 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Expand and contract: Navigating undergrounds. Clive Gamble paper 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Study participants or study members
Results and Impact Invited participant in multi-art practitioner investigation of undergraound experience. La Cotte and Threshold formed both talk and performance reconstruction.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Exploring La Cotte - Discovery team trip to La Cotte (7-14 year olds) 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact 17th July 2016 the event was led by Dr B.Scott and involved 7-14 year olds
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Guided tours of the La Cotte site 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 19th July 2016: Guided tour of La Cotte for Jersey Heritage staff led by Shaw

23rd July 2016: Guided tour of La Cotte. Part of Council for British Archaeology Nation Festival of Archaeology Société Jersiaise Programme led by Shaw
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description International Conference , The British Museum. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Scott, B, 20th October 2016: Lost Landscapes of La Manche: Inter-tidal Pleistocene sites in Jersey/Palaeolithic-Mesolithic Conference 2016 , The British Museum.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description International Conference, Society of Antiquaries, London. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Scott, B. 19 May 2016: The Palaeolithic Record of the Plateau: A Trans-manche Perspective. PALAEO 2020: Strategies for the Protection and Transformation of the Palaeolithic Record in England, Society of Antiquaries, London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description International Table Ronde, France 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Shaw, A. 5 April 2016: Nouvelles rècherches à La Cotte de St Brelade, Jersey. Table-ronde - En Bretagne au Pleistocène moyen: Menez-Dregan and Co. Bilan des connaissances avant la fouille de la couche 9: Plouhinec, Finistère, Brittany, France.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description International conference, Amiens. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Scott, B. 31 May 2016: Le Palaeolithique du Bretagne et Jersey. XXVIIIth Congrès préhistorique de France, Amiens.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description International conference, British Museum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Shaw, A. 4 November 2016: Persistence, place and landscape: the early Neanderthal archaeology from La Cotte de St Brelade. Lithic Studies Society, The British Museum.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description International conference, Society of Antiquaries, London. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Shaw, A. & Ravon, A-L. 19 May 2016: Coastal & Intertidal Palaeolithic Record of N.W. Europe. PALAEO 2020: Strategies for the Protection and Transformation of the Palaeolithic Record in England, Society of Antiquaries, London.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description International. Table-ronde Plouhinec, Finistère, Brittany, France. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A formal working group, expert panel or dialogue
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact April 5th 2016 paper given by Dr B.Scott
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Jersey Workshop 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Held in April 2016 12th to 15th, the three day AHRC funded Crossing the Threshold workshop brought together archaeologists from all continents to share knowledge and information. This was the first step in producing two volumes from the project. Sponsorship was also provided by Jersey heritage and Museums.

Papers were presented by Scott, Shaw, Julien, Pope and Gamble. Mcnabb chaired sessions as did the other project members.

Pope led an RIB field prip to the cave of La Cotte supported by J.Renouf who showed delegates the raised beaches of Jersey.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Jersey: Ice Age Island 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Major 14 month exhibition entitled "Jersey: Ice Age Island" opened 22nd October 2015 at the Weighbridge Museum, St.Helier, Jersey, showcasing some of the results of the project so far, and bringing together objects from France, the Natural History Museum and British Museums. All project members made significant contributions to content development and adaptation for the Jersey Heritage exhibition Jersey: Ice Age Island, including object selection, the generation of text, images, videos and maps.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2016
URL http://www.jersey.com/english/sightsandactivities/eventscalendar/Pages/Event.aspx?AttractionID=13807
 
Description Jersey: Ice Age Island. October 22nd 2015- December 23rd 2016, Weighbridge Museum, St.Helier, Jersey. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact Teaching Resource Pack for schools prepared with Jersey Heritage, with input from Threshold Team: including lesson plans, handling box of replica artefacts for all primary schools in Jersey, and wall chart / timeline for all primary school children. These packs were designed to use the results of the project to tell Jersey's particular "Ice Age Story", meeting KS 2 requirements for teaching including Prehistory in the curriculum, but also with a specific "Jersey angle" as required by the Jersey Curriculum: Released 17th November 2016, and tied into the Exhibition (eg. teachers pack for guiding schools around exhibition)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.jerseyheritage.org/schools/teacher-resources-ice-age
 
Description La Cotte and Jersey public engagement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 1. International exhibition Britain One million Years Ago at the Natural History Museum (Scott)
2. Nature live at Natural History Museum (Neanderthal Survival) (Scott)
3. Mastercard Lates at the NHM (Pope and Scott)
4. Britain One Million Years public day at the NHM (Pope, Scott)
5. National TV coverage on BBC Coast interviews on jersey (Pope)
6. Developing adapted exhibition for jersey October 2015 Ice Age island


Involvement with jersey heritage
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description La Cotte and Jersey public engagement 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Public audience of over 200 people
Lecture C.Gamble 12/09/2014 Jersey's place in the pre-history of the first people (Jersey Heritage invited public lecture)
Lecture J.McNabb 8/08/2014 La Cotte de St Brelade: an invitation to cross the neanderthal threshold (Jersey International Centre for Advanced Studies)

1.12 September 2013 Prof Gamble invited public talk by Jersey Heritage within their Ice Age island promotion which generated interest among a wide set of stakeholdres
2. 8 October 2014 Following lecture by Dr McNabb interest expressed by Jersey International Centre for Advanced Studies for further input from the threshold project as they develop educational programmes under the umbrella of the University of Jersey
3. 1 September 2014 Dr Julien lecture on Pleistocene fauna at UISPP conference
4. BBC Coast (Pope, Scott)
5. Interviews on BBC Jersey (Gamble, Pope, Scott)
6. "Nature Live at the Natural History museum on topic Neanderthal Survival (Scott)
7. Public day at the Britain One million years exhibition 2014 Natural History Museum (Scott)
8. Developing adapted exhistion for Jersey 2015 "Ice Age Island: a million years of human prehistory" (Scott, Shaw, Julien, Pope, Gamble, McNabb)
9. Lecture to University of Leiden (Scott)
10 Blog Ice Age Island
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014
 
Description Lithic Studies Society Seminar, British Museum, April 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Lithic Studies Society Seminar, British Museum, April 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Media coverage of the project 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 12th December 2016: Jersey was a must-see tourist destination for Neanderthals for over 100,000 years. Science Daily
12th December 2016: Where did the Neanderthal go on holiday? Jersey. International Business Times
13th December 2016: Interview with BBC Radio Jersey. Shaw
14th December 2016: Coastal cave site was a must-see tourist destination for Neanderthals for over 100,000 years. Physics.Org
14th December 2016: Neanderthals just kept coming back to La Cotte. Jersey Evening Post
14th December 2016: Neanderthals visited seaside cave in England for 180,000 years. UPI
14th December 2016: Jersey Was a Trendy Destination for Neanderthals. Seeker
18th December 2016: Why did Neanderthals Keep Returning to the Same Jersey Caves? New Historian
19th December 2016: Interview with BBC Jersey for 18.00 News. Shaw
19th December 2016: Interview with BBD Radio Solent. Shaw
24th January 2017: Archaeologists Say Jersey Was Neanderthal Vacation Hot Spot. Sputnik News
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description National Conference Lithics Study Society, Oxford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Shaw, A. 22 May 2016: P Structured exploitation of place and landscapes during the early Middle Palaeolithic at La Cotte de St Brelade. Lithics to Landscape, Lithic Studies Society Conference, Oxford.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Neanderthal Home talk by Dr Matt Pope at New Scientist Live 23rd September 2018 with associated coverage in New Scientist 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Interview and follow up coverage
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Neanderthal socio-ecology: persistent places and the control of resources at La Cotte and Lynford 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Invited presentation on the AHRC work at La Cotte to the Calpe 2015 Conference, Gibraltar.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description On-line interview and comment Daily Mail and The Conversation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A press release, press conference or response to a media enquiry/interview
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact 13th December 2016: Jersey was a refuge for Neanderthals: Our ancient cousins sought shelter in the Channel Island for 140,000 years. Daily Mail Online

as of 3 March 2017 73,499 reads 32 Tweets and 190 Facebook Shares
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4028782/Neanderthals-loved-holiday-JERSEY-Cave-site-r...
 
Description PalMes 2018 Conference, British Museum, London, 25th-26th October 2018. A. Shaw, R. Bates, M. Bates, B. Scott, M. Pope & J. Mills La Cotte, Neanderthals and Goldilocks: investigating hominin adaptations in the submerged landscapes of the Normano-Breton Gulf. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Largest gathering of period specialists in UK and Europe
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description PalQuat. Seminar, University of Oxford, April 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact PalQuat. Seminar, University of Oxford, April 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Pathways to Ancient Britain Workshop, Queen Mary, University of London, May 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Pathways to Ancient Britain Workshop, Queen Mary, University of London, May 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Projest Press Release 20th Feb 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Press release by University of Southampton
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
URL https://www.southampton.ac.uk/archaeology/news/2018/09/20-neanderthal-homes-at-cutting-edge-of-moder...
 
Description School engagement by project members with Jersey schools 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Local
Primary Audience Schools
Results and Impact A question and answer session with sixth formers from jersey that followed the Chrossing the Threshold Workshop
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Society for American Archaeology presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper on the Threshold project delivered by Dr M.Pope at the SAA Annual Meetings April 2016, Miami Florida.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Unravelling Human Origins Conference, University of York, 15th -16th February 2019. Beccy Scott & Chantal Conneller - "Hunter-Gatherers of the Western English Channel". 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Opportunity to present Threshold project results to informed audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2018
 
Description Unravelling the Palaeolithic Conference, University of Oxford, May 2015 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Unravelling the Palaeolithic Conference, University of Oxford, May 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Unravelling the Palaeolithic, University of Southampton, January 2016 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Unravelling the Palaeolithic, University of Southampton, January 2016
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Wenner Gren Foundation-funded workshop Decolonisation and Human Origins 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Wenner Gren Foundation-funded workshop on Decolonisation and Human Origins held in Perth Australia
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://www.decolonisinghumanorigins.com/