AHRC-FAPESP MoU -Je Landscapes of southern Brazil: Ecology, History and Power in a transitional landscape during the Late Holocene

Lead Research Organisation: University of Exeter
Department Name: Archaeology

Abstract

The study of the economic, social and ideological roles associated with the arrival of burial monuments and the creation of sacred, built landscapes is a core theme in researching Early Formative societies of the Americas. The southern Je of Brazil provides an exceptional opportunity to understand the synergy of ecology, history and power in the creation and transformation of landscapes in this pivotal period of prehistory. In southern Brazil, the turn of the second millennium A.D. was a critical period marked by cultural transitions and environmental changes, which was reflected in a major increase in habitation sites, the arrival of mortuary/ceremonial architecture in the highlands, the development of anthropogenic soils in the Atlantic rainforest escarpment, and the appearance of Je funerary patterns along the Atlantic coast. Significantly, these cultural changes are broadly contemporaneous with the abrupt expansion of Araucaria forest (Paraná pine) within ~100 years, the rapidity and timing of which raises the possibility of an anthropogenic cause.
However, little synthetic interpretation of the southern proto-Je has been carried out for three main reasons: i) Firstly, despite more than forty years of archaeological research in the region, the highly localised and disconnected nature of these projects means that this wealth of archaeological data is highly dispersed and fragmentary - consequently, any potential broad-scale patterns or connections are difficult to discern. ii) Secondly, although the southern Je region is ideally suited for the investigation of pre-Columbian human-environment interactions (i.e., the potential relationship between the Je culture and Araucaria forest expansion), such relationships have thus far been unexplored due to the paucity of palaeoecological studies from sites close enough to the cultural sequences. iii) Finally, the southern Je constitute one of the best examples of long-term cultural continuity, linking modern indigenousgroups with their pre-Columbian ancestors. Unfortunately, the lack of collaboration between archaeologists and ethnographers has meant that the enormous potential for integrating the existing rich ethnohistoric and ethnographic records, to reveal the underlying principles of social and spatial organization of Je culture, has not yet been exploited.
To address these important issues, the Je Landscapes of southern Brazil Project has been conceived by an international, interdisciplinary team at Exeter, Reading and São Paulo Universities as a research programme, integrating archaeological, ethnographical and palaeoecological data sources, to investigate the creation and transformation of southern Je landscapes in relation to the emergence of social complexity. The project will integrate, for the first time, all archaeological data from the vast and ecologically diverse southern Je landscapes into a comprehensive multilayered GIS database. In selected regions, where the co-PIs have already carried out pilot studies, we will conduct more intensive archaeological, topographical and geophysical surveys, along with excavations at selected sites, throughout a longitudinal E-W transect in different environments to acquire regional, chronological and functional data. All accessible and relevant ethnohistorical and ethnographic data will be collected and analyzed to search for common underlying principles of Je social and spatial organization that help us interpret the archaeological record. In parallel, we will retrieve sediment cores from lakes/bogs, and sample soil-pit profiles, to reconstruct the vegetation and fire histories of these regions for the last two millennia. This will allow us to: i) disentangle natural versus anthropogenic factors responsible for the expansion of the Araucaria forest that occurred during the last millennium, and ii) reconstruct past land-management practices.

Planned Impact

This project is designed to have an important impact beyond the academic community. The non-academic beneficiaries of the project fall into four main categories.

1. School Children
The project will develop a package of pedagogical activities to engage primary school children in dialogue about heritage through play-based activities including: (i) Didactic pedagogical activities for the schools, including: a book containing a teacher's activity guide, brochure and video; (ii) a Travelling Exhibition; and (iii) Play-based pedagogical activities aimed at a younger audience - story-telling and puzzles. The Archaeological Research and Heritage Education Group (GRUPEP) at UNISUL (University of Southern Santa Catarina), which has ample experience in heritage education in the region, will produce these resources and coordinate these activities with schools, municipalities, NGOs and the São Joaquim National Park.

2. Members of the Local Community, Local Societies, Volunteer Groups and NGOs
These groups will benefit from increased accessibility to knowledge about their cultural and environmental heritage through: (i) open days at excavations; (ii) conferences at local municipalities; and (iii) a travelling exhibition aimed at the general public interested in the research topics. The travelling exhibition will also be show-cased in different municipalities of the region by project partner São Joaquim National Park. The NGO Instituto Serrano will help to liaise with local communities and disseminate the project's information. The freely available nature of the research outputs of the project will ensure that the project can inspire similar research in other regions of southern Brazil and beyond.

3. Indigenous Communities
The project will have direct relevance to the development of local indigenous communities, laying the basis for the development of local indigenous education. PDRA Dr. Veiga will liaise with selected southern Je communities to develop meaningful stratees for public archaeology. As a result, she will produce a bilingual educational booklet for Kaingang and Xokleng indigenous schools. In addition, results of the project will be disseminated to a multicultural audience at the upcoming "Indigenous People Week" through public conferences at this event to be organised by UNISUL.

4. Policy Makers, Planners and Decision Makers
a) Conservation policy
Our study region lies in the Atlantic rainforest (Mata Atlántica), one of the last remaining biodiversity hotspot on Earth. Human/nature interactions strongly affect trajectories of ecosystem change. Any attempt to restore or rehabilitate these landscapes for biodiversity conservation must therefore be based upon a sound understanding of these influences. For example, if our project demonstrates that past changes in cover of Parana pine forest were driven more by pre-Columbian forest management rather than natural factors such as climate change, then future conservation policy for this threatened forest type may need to include appropiate form of forest management. The palaeoecological component of our project will reveal the respective roles of pre-Columbian land use versus climate change in shaping today's forests - crucial to informing the debate about the most appropriate conservation policies for national parks in the region. We have therefore included the São Joaquim National Park as a project partner to ensure that our results are placed in this wider conservation context. We have therefore included the São Joaquim National Park as a project partner to ensure that our results are placed in this wider conservation context.

b) Cultural Heritage Management
The production of a southern proto-Je archaeological database, in collaboration with IPHAN (Brazilian National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage), will heighten awareness of the importance of the cultural heritage that will be relevant to decisions made by planners/developers and IPHAN.

Publications

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publication icon
De Souza J (2016) The genesis of monuments: Resisting outsiders in the contested landscapes of southern Brazil in Journal of Anthropological Archaeology

 
Description Analysis of the different components of this project are still underway. Until now, there are three major archaeological key findings that have changed how we view the southern proto-Je archaeological cultures.
1. The role of humans and climate in the expansion of the Araucaria forest
Our interdisciplinary research integrating archaeology and paleoecology has shed light on the highly debated human vs. climate nature of the expansion of the Araucaria forest. The impacts of human activity and climate on vegetation is a globally controversial topic. The debate remains unresolved due largely to the inability to isolate the relative causal effects of human from climatic mechanisms of change. These muddied waters have critical implications for understanding, and predicting, vegetation dynamics, with consequences for enacting sound conservation and economic policy. The southern Brazilian highlands are a prime case study. A dramatic expansion of forest, at the expense of grasslands, between 1410 and 900 cal BP, coincided with a period of dynamic cultural change in the region. Pollen data has previously been interpreted to suggest forest expansion was a result of vegetation responding to climate change, although the role of past human activity has also been debated. Understanding the mechanisms behind these vegetation dynamics are of particular importance as the forests of the highlands are part of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest Biodiversity Hotspot, and the Araucaria Angustifolia tree is listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List. Despite the importance of this debate for conservation and securing global biodiversity, no research group has been able to satisfactorily answer this major question regarding the causality of vegetation change. To this end we designed a research project articulating archaeology, paleoecology (soil isotopes, pollen), paleoclimate data (speleothem), and predictive vegetation mapping to disentangle natural climate versus human-induced drivers of ecological change in the southern Brazilian highlands. Our results show that in areas of low/no human activity in Pre-Columbian times, forests follow a distinct distribution based on terrain parameters (slope and aspect); however, in areas of high past activity, forests are expanded beyond these topographic boundaries. Carbon isotopes from soil profiles confirm the model, recording stable vegetation in control areas and forest expansion in archaeologically rich, contemporary with past activity. The results confirm that forest expansion was human-driven. The data presented provide evidence of a millennia of sustainable resource use that not only incorporated the Araucaria forest into the core of the indigenous economy, but actually expanded forest beyond natural boundaries of habitat distribution. Conservation strategies that exclude human land use may therefore be misguided and counterproductive when balancing cultural heritage, economic development, and conservation goals. Results of this work are in press in Scientific Reports.
1. Understanding southern proto-Je social structure through burials practices
Our excavations at mortuary sites, in particular the three field seasons at the Abreu and Garcia mound and enclosure complex, have clearly show how these cultures were organised as moieties at the social level as expressed in the burial sites. The recovery of 16 secondary cremation deposits within a single mound allows an in-depth discussion of spatial aspects of mortuary practices. A spatial division in the placement of the interments adds another level of duality to the mortuary landscape, which comprises: (1) paired mound and enclosures, (2) twin mounds within a mound and enclosure, and (3) the dual division in the mound interior. The multiple levels of nested asymmetric dualism evoke similarities to the moiety system that characterizes modern southern Jê groups, highlighting both the opposition and the complementarity of the social system. The findings offer deeper insight into fundamental aspects of southern proto-Jê social organization, including the dual nature of the community, the manifestation of social structure in the landscape, and its incorporation into mortuary ritual. The results have implications for research design and developing appropriate methodologies to answer culture-specific questions. Furthermore, the parallels among archaeology, ethnohistory, and ethnography enable an understanding of the foundation of modern descendent groups and an assessment of the continuity in indigenous culture beyond European contact. These results have been published in Latin American Antiquity (Robinson et al. 2017) and Journal of Archaeological Sciences: Report (Robinson et al. 2017).
2. How sedentary were the southern proto-Je groups?
In relation to the habitation sites constituted by pithouse villages, our excavations and analysis have shown the importance of programmes of intensive dating of individual house structures to understand occupation dynamics and site permanence in the southern Brazilian highlands. Our results using sophisticated Bayesian modelling of radiocarbon dates demonstrated that some of the pit houses were occupied for over two centuries with no evidence of major periods of abandonment. Our findings called into previous models of long-term abandonment of these structures showing that these sites were used permanently and not inhabited temporally by groups by a residential mobility (see details in Souza et al. 2016 PLOS ONE).
Exploitation Route See impact section
Sectors Education,Environment,Culture, Heritage, Museums and Collections

URL http://jelandscapes.exeter.ac.uk/
 
Description The project is still ongoing, and we are carrying out the following public outreach activities beyond the academic community. We expect a medium to long-term impact of the project. 1. School Children. In every locality that we have worked on the project, we have given conferences, and we had open days at the excavations to involve the community. The Archaeological Research and Heritage Education Group (GRUPEP) at UNISUL (University of Southern Santa Catarina) has hosted during these years the 'Indigenous Week' where the activities of our project have been showcased with local schools and the larger community. 2. Members of the Local Community, Local Societies, Volunteer Groups and NGOs. We have interacted with the community through (i) open days at excavations; (ii) conferences at local municipalities; and (iii) a travelling exhibition aimed at the general public interested in the research topics, which was showcased at the São Joaquim National Park and the NGO Instituto. 3. Indigenous Communities. Project partner Dr. Veiga has liaised with selected southern Je communities to disseminated the result of our work. 4. Policy Makers, Planners and Decision Makers. a) Conservation policy. Our study region lies in the Atlantic rainforest (Mata Atlántica), one of the last remaining biodiversity hotspot on Earth. Human/nature interactions strongly affect trajectories of ecosystem change. Any attempt to restore or rehabilitate these landscapes for biodiversity conservation must, therefore, be based upon a sound understanding of these influences. Our results are crucial to inform crucial to informing the debate about the most appropriate conservation policies for national parks in the region. We have therefore included the São Joaquim National Park as a project partner to ensure that our results are placed in this wider conservation context. b) Cultural Heritage Management The production of a southern proto-Je archaeological database, in collaboration with IPHAN (Brazilian National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage), is helping heighten awareness of the importance of the cultural heritage that will be relevant to decisions made by planners/developers and IPHAN.
First Year Of Impact 2018
Sector Education,Environment
Impact Types Cultural,Societal,Economic,Policy & public services

 
Description ARD FAPERGS
Amount R$ 16,500 (BRL)
Organisation Foundation for Research Support of the State of Rio Grande do Sul 
Start 01/2017 
End 01/2019
 
Description Dissertation Fieldwork Grant
Amount $20,000 (USD)
Organisation Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research 
Sector Private
Country Unknown
Start 09/2015 
End 09/2016
 
Description Fundacao amparo al cine brasileiro
Amount R$ 450,000 (BRL)
Organisation Ministry of Education (Brazil) 
Sector Public
Country Brazil
Start 08/2015 
End 07/2017
 
Description Graduate teaching fellowship
Amount £7,134 (GBP)
Organisation University of Exeter 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 09/2021
 
Description PhD studentship
Amount £10,722 (GBP)
Organisation University of Reading 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 09/2017 
End 09/2021
 
Description PhD studentship
Amount R$ 3,000 (BRL)
Funding ID FAPESP 2017/08131-8 
Organisation São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) 
Sector Public
Country Brazil
Start 07/2017 
End 06/2020
 
Description Travel Award
Amount £1,000 (GBP)
Organisation University of Reading 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2015 
End 08/2016
 
Description Travel Grant
Amount £550 (GBP)
Organisation University of Reading 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 08/2016 
End 09/2016
 
Description Uncoupling humans and climate in vegetation histories of the southern Brazilian highlands
Amount £10,000 (GBP)
Organisation The British Academy 
Sector Academic/University
Country United Kingdom
Start 11/2016 
End 08/2017
 
Description Anthropologist, southern Je specialist, Prof. Ricardo Cid Fernandes 
Organisation Federal University of Paraná
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We have provided the archaeological and paleoecological knowledge about the southern proto-Je of SE Brazil
Collaborator Contribution They have provided the anthropological knowledge about the historic and modern southern Je groups.
Impact We are working on joint papers.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Araucaria pollen reference collection 
Organisation Botanical Museum of Curitiba
Country Brazil 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution Provided 50 slides with reference pollen extracted from herbarium samples
Collaborator Contribution Provided over 50 herbarium material for creating a pollen reference collection for the Araucaria forest
Impact Creation of and Araucaria pollen reference collection
Start Year 2015
 
Description Coevolution of Climate, Demography and Food Systems in N. and S. America 
Organisation Utah State University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Cárdenas is participating in an international collaborative project funded by PAGES, led by Professor Jacob Freeman from the Anthropology Program, Utah State University, USA, where the Jê Landscape Project will be highlighted as an important study case. The project is at its initial state and the team (see list below) had the first meeting on September 2016. Future meetings will involve bringing the Je project to analysis in context to all the Americas and their study cases.
Collaborator Contribution One of the objectives of this collaborative project involves proposing an open working group called PEOPLE 2K (PalEOclimate and the PeopLing of the Earth) composed of paleoecologists, archaeologists, ecologists and mathematicians. The goal of PEOPLE 2K is to describe and explain the role of global climate change in the exponential increase of population between 2K BP and 800 BP, and variation in the subsequent magnitudes of the decline of the population after 800 BP. This network is essential to understand how climate impacts human socio-economic development over the long-term and the tradeoffs associated with human adaption to climate change and population growth. Our work is specifically concerned with the potential for robustness--fragility tradeoffs associated with strategies for coping with climate change and population growth and how such tradeoffs may set human systems up for failure in the face of global climate shocks.
Impact The outcomes of this collaboration are putting an application for PAGES Working Group, which will be named PEOPLE 2k. The working group and the research proposed will be interdisciplinary involving archaeologists, anthropologists, palaeontologist and mathematicians PEOPLE 2K core group is composed by: J. Freeman 1, A. Gil 2, M. L. Cárdenas 3, D. Byers 1, M. B. Cannon 1, J. M. Capriles 4, C. Latorre 5, E. Robinson 6, G. Neme 2, J. B. Finley 1, V. Iglesias 7, and J. DeRose 8 1- Anthropology Program, Utah State University, Logan, UT USA 2- IANIGLA/CONICET-Grupo Vinculado San Rafael, Museo de Historia Natural de San Rafael, Mendoza, Argentina 3- Department of Geography and Environmental Science, University of Reading, United Kingdom 4- Department of Anthropology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA USA 5- Departamento de Ecología, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile 6- Department of Anthropology, University of Wyoming, WY USA 7- Institute on Ecosystems, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT USA 8- Rocky Mountain Research Station, Wasatch Dendroclimatology Research Group, UT USA
Start Year 2016
 
Description Collaboration with Prof. i. Lauri Amândio Schorn, Blumenau University 
Organisation Blumenau University
Department Faculty of Forestry
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Lauri Amândio Schorn, Professor e Pesquisador em Silvicultura, Laboratório de Silvicultura - Universidade de Blumenau (https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Lauri_Schorn/publications) Professor Schorn has been working studying the dynamics of Araucaria forest for almost the last 20 years. He has close relation with Gateados Florestal (http://www.gateados.com.br/novo/index.php), a private forestry where pristine Araucaria forest has been preserved for scientific aims. Professor Schorn is sharing with the project 20 years of information accumulated of vegetation survey in these forest for better understanding the pollen-vegetation relationship, and understanding forest dynamics and diversity.
Collaborator Contribution See above
Impact Co-author articles are in progress.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration with São Joaquim National Park, Urubici 
Organisation International Centre for Mathematical Sciences (ICMS)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution We will provide the archaeological and paleoecological reconstruction to inform the policies of the National Park Sao Joaquim
Collaborator Contribution They provide us with logistical support and we use their headquarters for archaeological exhibitions
Impact Archaeological exhibition at their headquarters
Start Year 2014
 
Description Collaboration with University of Reading, UK Co-PI Professor Francis Mayle, Palaeoecology Post-Doctoral Research Assistant Macarena Cardenas 
Organisation University of Reading
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I bring my expertise on the archaeology of Early Formative societies of South America and my archaeobotanical knowledge to this interdisciplinary project. PDRA Michael Fradley bring his expertise on topographic mapping, excavation skills and knowledge of earthwork construction.
Collaborator Contribution Professor Francis Mayle from Reading bring his palaeoecological expertise to this interdisciplinary project contributing with his specialism in pollen and charcoal analysis from radicardon-dated lake sediment cores.
Impact The project has just started in March. We have presented the project at three international and national conferences and meeting in Brazil, which are detailed in Engagement Activities section
Start Year 2014
 
Description Historic and Arts Heritage Council of Brazil 
Organisation Government of Brazil
Country Brazil 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We provide IPHAN with the list of archaeological sites found in the region
Collaborator Contribution IPHAN provides us with archival support
Impact Reports in progress
Start Year 2014
 
Description Legacies of Pre-Columbian land use on Latin American ecosystem 
Organisation Northumbria University
Department Department of Geography
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Study case and manuscript preparation.
Collaborator Contribution Study case and manuscript preparation.
Impact Collaboration created to write an article related to human practices in latin America, where the Je project is highlighted in comparison with other sites. The study is interdisciplinary involving palaeoecology, geochemistry and archaeology. Details of the manuscript: Bronwen Whitney and Macarena L. Cárdenas. 2017. Legacies of Pre-Columbian land use on Latin American ecosystem composition and diversity: A case for palaeoecology. Past Global Changes PAGES Magazine, In press
Start Year 2016
 
Description MAE-USP and UNESC (Criciuma). 
Organisation University of the Far South Catarinense
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Archaeological research and fieldwork in Urubici
Collaborator Contribution administrative
Impact field season
Start Year 2016
 
Description NGO- Instituto Serrano de Conservação da Natureza 
Organisation National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS)
Country United Kingdom 
Sector Public 
PI Contribution We provide with the archaeological and paleoecological reconstruction of the region of Urubici, Santa Catarina, Brazil
Collaborator Contribution They provide with the faunal, botanical, and logistic knowledge of the region
Impact In progress
Start Year 2014
 
Description PEOPLE 3K 
Organisation Utah State University
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Macarena Cárdenas together with a group of international scientists led by Jacob Freeman (Utah State University, USA) were granted funds from PAGES to create the working group 'PEOPLE 3K' in August 2017. The PEOPLE 3000 working group combines archaeological and paleoecological case studies with mathematical modeling to investigate how co-evolving human societies and ecosystems can successfully cope with the interrelated forces of population growth, increasing social complexity and climate change, and, sometimes, why societies fail to cope with these interrelated forces and reorganize.
Collaborator Contribution Collaboration with Professor Claudio Latorre, from the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, who performed stable isotope analysis, estimated to have a cost of £1500 in total, in three sediment cores for the palaeoecological reconstruction. The results provided key information that allows to confirm the main findings from the pollen analysis, as well as to indicate human land management (using fertilizers), which would have been impossible otherwise. (unpublished results)
Impact N/A
Start Year 2017
 
Description Study of the modern characterisations of the Araucaria forest in southern Brazil using pollen and floristic surveys 
Organisation Blumenau University
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Cardenas, PDRA, worked closely with the partner to collect the samples in the field. Then, Cardenas processed and investigated the material for the creation of the modern analogues using pollen rain contained in mosses from within the forest.
Collaborator Contribution The partner provided a database containing the results fo the floristic inventories performed in the study region for the last 18 years. The database contain information of the taxa to species level, their size, and position in the forest.
Impact Research performed for the understanding of the palaeoecology of the Araucaria forests, crucial step for understanding the context in the past. The results of this research within the project are being prepared to be published in a manuscript entitled 'Modern pollen rain-vegetation relationships for the Araucaria forest and its implications to understand past human land use in southern Brazil' Cardenas et al.
Start Year 2015
 
Description University of Sao Paulo, Brazil - Co-PI Professor Paulo DeBlasis 
Organisation University of Sao Paulo
Country Brazil 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution I bring my expertise on the archaeology of Early Formative societies of South America and my archaeobotanical knowledge to this interdisciplinary project. PDRA Michael Fradley bring his expertise on topographic mapping, excavation skills and knowledge of earthwork construction.
Collaborator Contribution Our Brazilian partners contribute by obtaining permits to carry out archaeological research, help us with logistics, provide us with detailed knowledge about the archaeology of the region and facilitate the integration of Brazilian students in our fieldwork. Prof. Paulo DeBlasis bring his expertise of Brazilian archaeology to the project.
Impact This is a three year project that has just started last March. Therefore, we still do not have any outcomes.
Start Year 2014
 
Description Using stable carbon analysis in bogs to understand past environmental changes during the Je occupation 
Organisation Pontifical Catholic University of Chile
Department School of Biological Sciences
Country Chile 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Provided sediments from cores of the Je Project which are associated to archaeological sites.
Collaborator Contribution Stable carbon isotope analysis of the sediment cores.
Impact Near 90 samples analysed which will be included in publications for the palaeoenvironmental research of the Je project. The collaboration breaks geographical barriers intercontinental to make the two teams, from UK and Chile, work together and understand past climatic and environmental changes in Brazil.
Start Year 2016
 
Description southern Brazilian soil geochemistry and bulk sediment dating 
Organisation University of New Mexico
Department Archaeology
Country United States 
Sector Academic/University 
PI Contribution Archaeological and ecological fieldwork. Methodological and theoretical development
Collaborator Contribution Laboratory analysis of samples
Impact Conference presentations in UK, Portugal, and Brazil
Start Year 2016
 
Description Alimento, Ferramentas ou Amigos? Compreendendo as interações entre homens, animais e ambientes através da Zooarqueologia no Cerrito da Sotéia, Lagoa dos Patos, Brasil. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Paper accepted for XIX Congresso Sociedade de Arqueologia Brasileira. 10 - 15 September 2017. Teresina, Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Diálogos - Arqueologia e Antropologia Jê do Sul 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact IX Semana de Antropologia e Arqueologia - III Seminário de Etnologia e Museus (UFPR, Curitiba, Brazil)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Encontro Regional SAB Sul e III Jornada de Atualização em Arqueologia Tupi-Guarani 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation by L. D'Avila: Caminhos e lugares: o least cost path como ferramenta para interpretar deslocamentos e estratégias de assentamento entre os Jê meridionais.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at the International Palynology and Palaeobotany Congress XIV IPC X IOPC, Bahia, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of paper entitled ''Characterisation of the modern pollen rain-vegetation relationship of Araucaria forest of southern Brazil by analysis of moss polsters' by Macarena L. Cárdenas, Francis E. Mayle, Lauri A. Schorn and Jose Iriarte.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://blogs.reading.ac.uk/tprg/files/2016/11/Portada.jpg
 
Description Remanescentes Digitais: Abordagens Contemporaneas e o estudo da morte na Era Digital. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Arqueologia Digital: Meios Novos de Abordar o Passado. VI Ciclo de Debates do LARP-USP, 18 September 2017. São Paulo, Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description X Encontro Regional SAB Sul e III Jornada de Atualização em Arqueologia Tupi-Guarani. UFPEL - Pelotas - RS. Mesa redonda: 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact presentation by R. Corteletti: Arqueologia Regional em Santa Catarina: entendendo as Paisagens Jê do Sul
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description 3D Digital Models and Bioarchaeology: Challenges and Proposals for Practice 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Paper Presented at CAA 2017. 14 - 16 March 2017, Atlanta, GA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description 80th Society for American Archaeology Meeting Paper presentation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper entitled 'The Environmental Context of Prôto-Je Culture at Pinhal da Serra, RS, Brazil-Insights from Palaeoecology' presented by Cárdenas, M. L., Mayle, F. E., Iriarte, J. and Moehlecke Cope, S. in the 'From pollen to pottery: New insights on the interplay of society and environment in South America during the last 2000 years' symposuim at the 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description A interação entre grupos sambaquieiros e proto-Jê no litoral sul de Santa Catarina 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact V Semana Internacional de Arqueologia Discentes MAE-USP, São Paulo.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Alta cozinha no Sul do Brasil: paleodieta e nutrição nos grupos Jê do Sul 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Quinzenão da alimentação. Da pré-história aos nossos dias, nunca foi só comida (LEPAARQ - LECA - UFPEL, Pelotas, Brazil)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Ancient Foresters 
Form Of Engagement Activity A magazine, newsletter or online publication
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Magazine article in international magazine Archaeology that reaches a wide general public audience
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2015,2017
URL https://www.archaeology.org/issues/310-1809/trenches/6876-trenches-brazil-monkey-puzzle-trees
 
Description Anthropology, Weather and Climate Change 2016 Conference - British Museum 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of paper entitled 'The making of the forest: past human impact on species distribution in the southern Brazilian highlands' by Jonas Gregorio de Souza, Mark Robinson.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.nomadit.co.uk/rai/events/rai2016/panels.php5?PanelID=3810
 
Description Anthropology, Weather and Climate Change Conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of paper entitled 'Dynamics of the Brazilian Araucaria forest and its responses to human land use and climate change, a long term perspective' by Dr. Macarena Cárdenas, Francis Mayle, Jose Iriarte and Lauri Schorn.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.nomadit.co.uk/rai/events/rai2016/panels.php5?PanelID=3810
 
Description Bonin Site: a circular village on Southern Brazilian Highlands? 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact SAA 82nd Annual Meeting
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Conference lecture at the University Federal do Parana 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation entitled 'The grammar of mound and enclosure complexes: The use of ethnography in historical analysis' at the Department of Anthropology, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Conference presentation at the Museu Municipal de Caxias do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Conference presentation entitled 'Arqueologia e Musealização da paisagem: refletindo sobre a construção de memórias de um passado sem lugar' at the Museu Municipal de Caxias do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015
 
Description Conference presentation at the Semana de Antropologia da UFPR, VIII Desafios da Alteridade, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference paper entitled 'Projeto Paisagens Jê Meridionais: Ecologia, História e Poder numa paisagem transicional durante o Holoceno tardio' presented a the Semana de Antropologia da UFPR - VIII Desafios da Alteridade, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2014
 
Description Conference presentation at the University Federal of Santa Catarina, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation entitled 'Jê Landscapes of Sothern Brazil' at the Departament of Forestry Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Conference talk at Urubici Municipality 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Conference presentation entitled 'Urubici: 700 anos de história' at the Semana de Ecoturismo da Serra Catarinense, Urubici, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Municipality of Urubici
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Direitos Indígenas e O Sagrado no Museu 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact VI Encontro Paulista Questões Indígenas e Museus e VII Seminário Museus, Identidades e Patrimonio Cultural. Participação nas mesas Direitos Indígenas e O Sagrado no Museu. Tupã, 7 a 9 de setembro de 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Enclosing Worlds - Comparative Approaches to Enclosing Phenomena, International Colloquia, Reguengos de Montsaraz, Portugal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of paper entitled "Enclosed Dualism: Moieties and Mortuary Ritual in the Southern Brazilian Highlands" by Mark Robinson
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.cm-reguengos-monsaraz.pt/pt/site-acontece/Paginas/enclosing-words-2016-coloquio-internaci...
 
Description Enclosing Worlds - Comparative Approaches to Enclosing Phenomena, International Colloquia, Reguengos de Montsaraz, Portugal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of paper entitled 'Sacred landscapes of the southern Brazilian highlands: Understanding southern proto-Jê mound and enclosure complexes' by Jose Iriarte
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2014,2016
URL http://www.cm-reguengos-monsaraz.pt/pt/site-acontece/Paginas/enclosing-words-2016-coloquio-internaci...
 
Description Enclosing Worlds - Comparative Approaches to Enclosing Phenomena, International Colloquia, Reguengos de Montsaraz, Portugal 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of paper entitled 'The genesis of monuments: Resisting outsiders in the contested landscapes of southern Brazil' by Jonas Gregorio de Souza
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.cm-reguengos-monsaraz.pt/pt/site-acontece/Paginas/enclosing-words-2016-coloquio-internaci...
 
Description Encontro da SAB/Sul, 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact presentation: Oppitz, Gabriela, Paulo DeBlasis, Murilo Q. R. Bastos & Luciane Z. Scherer
Mobilidade, paleodieta e mudança cultural: um olhar isotópico e multidimensional sobre o caso do sítio Armação do Sul, Florianópolis
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Fire and Death: Cremation as a Ritualized Funerary Practice in the Southern Brazilian Highlands 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Paper Presented at SAA 82nd Annual Meeting. 29 March - 2 April 2017 Vancouver, BC, Canada
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Fotografia computacional em arqueologia: o uso de Polynomial Texture Mapping (PTM) em arte rupestre 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact I Encontro Internacional em Pesquisa de Ciências Humanas (UFPEL, Pelotas, Brazil)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description III Encuentro Latinoamericano de Zooarqueología/Encontro Latino-Americano de Zooarqueologia (III ELAZ) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact conference presentation: Cardoso, Jéssica Mendes, Joares May, Deisi Scunderlick Farias & Paulo DeBlasis
Remanescentes de Pinguim-de-Magalhães (Spheniscus Magellanicus, Sphenicidae) em um sítio arqueológico pré-histórico no sul do Brasil,
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description INQUA Early Career Researchers 2016 conference and summer school 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact INQUA ECR 2016 conference and summer school, "Using observations and modelling to understand past climate changes": Cárdenas participated in the organisation of this the event, where the palaeoecology of the Je project was highlighted. 5th-9thSeptember 2016.

Delegates highlighted the benefits of looking at real projects performing past environmental reconstructions to put knowledge of climate change and modelling together.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://www.inquaecr2016.com/
 
Description Integrated Microscopy Approaches in Archaeobotany 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Cárdenas is part of the organisation of the event "Integrated Microscopy Approaches in Archaeobotany" where she tought the integration of palaeoecology within the archaeological setting using the Je Landscape project as core example. The workshop will be on February 25th-26th, 2017.

The second IMAA Workshop was held in the School of Archaeology, Geography and Environment Science, University of Reading on 25th-26th February 2017.

The aim of the workshop was to bring together specialists in geoarchaeology, NPPs, palynology, plant macroremains, and phytoliths who are working in universities, major heritage organisations, and commercial archaeology companies in order to share research and skills. The 2 day workshop included presentations, poster sessions and microscope sessions.

The workshop was structured around the following themes:
The taphonomy of plant remains in urban contexts
Palaeobotanical approaches in landscape archaeology
Fired up: composition and preservation of organic remains in burnt contexts
Morphometric approaches to macro and micro- scopic plant remains
Animal management strategies

The workshop also included a number of more specialist 'break-out' microscopy sessions:
Phytoliths (Dr Marta Portillo)
Charcoal identification (Dr Cathie Barnett)
Tropical pollen (Dr Macarena Cardenas)
Non pollen palynomorphs (Lionello Morandi)
The micro-contextual analysis of ash, dung, and plant remains in thin-section.


A storify of the event #IMAA2017 can be seen here: https://storify.com/MartinHodson1/2nd-workshop-on-integrated-miscroscopy-approaches-
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://blogs.reading.ac.uk/integrated-microscopy-approaches-in-archaeobotany/imaa-2017/
 
Description Integrated Microscopy Approaches in Archaeobotany 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Undergraduate students
Results and Impact IMAA organisation: Cárdenas is part of the organisation of the event "Integrated Microscopy Approaches in Archaeobotany" where she will be teaching the integration of palaeoecology within the archaeological setting using the Je Landscape project as core example. The workshop will be on February 25th-26th, 2017.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Investigating tipping points generated by the Climate-Human Demography-Institutional nexus 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Macarena L. Cárdenas, Virginia Iglesias, José M. Capriles, Claudio Latorre, Jacob Freeman, Dave Byers, Judson Finley, Molly Cannon, Adolfo Gil, Gustavo Neme, Erick Robinson, Justin DeRose. PEOPLE 2K (PalEOclimate and the PeopLing of the Earth): Investigating tipping points generated by the Climate-Human Demography-Institutional nexus. Poster. Session: Regional syntheses of human-climate-environment interactions. PAGES Zaragoza 2017, 5th Open Science Meeting. Global Challenges for our common future a palaeoperspective. 9-13 May.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Invited to talk at UCL Physical Geography Seminars 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Cardenas was invited to give a talk on the Je project at the physical geography seminars.
The presentation, entitled "Past climate vs indigenous populations: What determines the diversity of a highly diverse Brazilian Forest", has an impact on attendees, especially for those who were not aware of the potential that palaeoenvironmental reconstruction has to understand past cultures.
Attendees celebrated the multidisciplinary approach of this study.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
 
Description Je Landscapes of Southern Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation about the project in the Centre for Past Climate Change, at the University of Reading.
Amongst people attending where Head of Schools and senior professors.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Je Landscapes of Southern Brazil - University of Exeter webpage 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Je Landscapes of Southern Brazil - University of Exeter webpage to engage with general public and disseminate preliminary results.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014,2015,2016
URL http://jelandscapes.exeter.ac.uk/
 
Description Je Landscapes of Southern Brazil AHRC-FAPESP Project Presentation at the University of Sao Paulo in the context of the University of Exeter Vice-Chancellor Trip to Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The talk layout the basis for further collaborations between the University of Sao Paulo and the University of Exeter

After the talk we had a lunch, followed by a visit to the University of Sao Paulo (USP) laboratories, and dinner with our colleagues at USP colleagues, FAPESP officials and British Council in Brazil representatives.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Je Landscapes of Southern Brazil Facebook page 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Je Landscapes of southern Brazil Facebook Public Gropu with 672 members. News, blogs, and general information on an interactive format are divulgated throughout this website.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014,2015,2016
URL https://www.facebook.com/groups/452187714912854/?fref=ts
 
Description Je Landscapes of Southern Brazil and Climate, Culture and resources 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Cardenas made an oral presentation about the Je project entitled "Je Landscapes of Southern Brazil and Climate, Culture and resources", at the Climate and Culture Workshop held at the University of Utah in September 2016. The audience involved anthropologist, climatologists and archaeologist aiming to understand the relation in societal changes and climate change.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://pastglobalchanges.org/products/pages-magazine/7360-24-2-climate-change-and-cultural-evolution
 
Description Making the Forest: Anthropogenic forest expansion in southern Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference paper at the Association of American Geographers, New Orleans, USA.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
URL http://www.aag.org/galleries/conference-files/AAG_2018AnnualMeetingProgram_Final_Lowres.pdf
 
Description Modelos 3D e Arqueologia: Potencialidades, Desafios e Boas Práticas de Compartilhamento de Dados Digitais 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Paper accepted for XIX Congresso Sociedade de Arqueologia Brasileira. 10 - 15 September 2017. Teresina, Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Mortuary Mounds and Moieties 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Conference presentation at the 56 International Congress of Americanists
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015,2017
URL http://ica2018.es/mysite/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/Programa-final.pdf
 
Description Museum exhibition at the Sao Joaquim National Park 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an open day or visit at my research institution
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Archaeological exhibition entitled 'Urubici: 700 anos de história. 2014. Semana de Ecoturismo da Serra Catarinense' at the Sede do Parque Nacional de São Joaquim, Urubici, Santa Catarina, Brazil
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description NOVAS ABORDAGENS NA ARQUEOLOGIA DOS POVOS JÊ DO SUL DO BRASIL 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia - USP, São Paulo, Brazil
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description New approaches to sambaqui archaeology in Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Paper presented in the symposium (84) Regional to international collaborations in American archaeology: the legacy of Suzanne and Paul Fish. 82nd. Annual Meeting of the SAA, Vancouver, March 29/April 2, 2017 (p. 89).
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Oral presentation at the European Tropical Ecology- Paleoenvironmental reconstruction of Je landscapes 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Oral presentation to ecologists and palaeoecologists working in Tropical areas internationally. Most audience were academics and researchers.

Details of the oral presentation:
Cárdenas, M.L., Mayle, F.E., Iriarte, J. and Maezumi, S.Y. 2016, Araucaria forest, human land use, and climate change linkages in southern Brazil during the late Holocene. European Conference of Tropical Ecology 23-26th Feb 2015
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://tropicalbiology.org/2016-european-conference-of-tropical-ecology/
 
Description PPG Seminar on Plant Genetic Resources - Understanding Jê Landscapes of Southern Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Academic presentation at a conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Paper presented at the 9th International Meeting for Phytolith Research 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Paper entitled 'Archaeobotany of southern proto-Jê (Taquara Itararé) groups in the southern Brazilian highlands: phytoliths and starch grain analyses from the Bonin site, Urubici, Brazil' presented by Corteletti R., Dickau R., DeBlasis P. and Iriarte J. at the 9th International Meeting for Phytolith Research. Brussels, Belgium.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
 
Description Paper presented at the Society for Brazilian Archaeology (southern chapter) 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Conference paper entitled 'Arqueologia Sem fronteiras: por uma pesquisa internacional e interdisciplinar' presented at the IX Reunião da SAB Sul, Joinville, Santa Catarina, Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2012,2014
 
Description Past vegetation changes in the context of land use and late Holocene expansion of the Jê pre-Columbian culture in Southern Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Macarena L. Cárdenas, Francis E. Mayle, Jose Iriarte, Jonas Gregorio de Souza, Priscilla Ulguim, Mark Robinson, Rafael Corteletti, Paulo DeBlasis. Past vegetation changes in the context of land use and late Holocene expansion of the Jê pre-Columbian culture in Southern Brazil. Oral. Session: Open Session on past global changes. PAGES Zaragoza 2017, 5th Open Science Meeting. Global Challenges for our common future a palaeoperspective. 9-13 May.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description Past-Food: Jê Flavors - Haute Cuisine in Southern Brazil. Paleolithic diet and nutrition in South Ge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Postgraduate students
Results and Impact Academic presentation by R. Corteletti
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Presentation at the International Palynology and Palaeobotany Congress XIV IPC X IOPC, Bahia, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation of paper entitled 'Pre-Columbian human land use versus climate change: understanding Araucaria forest expansion during the Late Holocene in southern Brazil' by S: Macarena L. Cárdenas, Francis E. Mayle, Jose Iriarte, Jonas Gregorio de Souza, Priscilla Ulguim, Mark Robinson, Rafael Corteletti, Paulo DeBlasis.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL http://blogs.reading.ac.uk/tprg/files/2016/11/Portada.jpg
 
Description Presentation of the palaeoenvironmental studies at the Reading Ecological Network 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Industry/Business
Results and Impact Oral presentation and discussion about the importance of understanding past environmental changes in the context of human land use for the modern ecology.
The event was hosted by the University of Reading, UK
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL https://readingecology.org/
 
Description Prof. Jose Iriarte webpage 
Form Of Engagement Activity Engagement focused website, blog or social media channel
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact More than 500 people have visited my webpage where I assiduously post news from the project.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2013,2014,2015,2016
URL http://jelandscapes.exeter.ac.uk/
 
Description Recording in-situ human remains in three dimension Paper 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presented at TAG 2016. 19 - 21 December 2016, Southampton.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description Session organised at the Anthropology, Weather and Climate Change 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Session organised by Macarena Cárdenas to discuss and highlight how long term records can help to understand the environment-indigenous population relationships. The Je Project was highlighted here. The session was well received specially by anthropologists.

Details:
Indigenous populations-vegetation-climate relationship in the past: what can this teach us about sustainable vegetation use in the present?

Convenors
• Macarena Cárdenas (University of Reading) email


Short Abstract
This panel invites multiple research disciplines and concerned private and public sectors to share evidence and discuss how knowledge of past climate change and past land use by indigenous cultures help us to understand what affects the vegetation and how this information can be used to protect it.

Long Abstract
Threats of climate change and expanding human urbanisation makes the future of worldwide vegetation uncertain. Increasing demands of land for the growing global human population adds pressure to people and governments to protect the remaining native vegetation. Nevertheless, are the large efforts of protecting what seems to be the last places of "pristine" vegetation adequate or enough?
Understanding the impact of different factors in changing the vegetation is crucial for their protection. Although modelling is becoming a valid methodology to determine the main factors involved in vegetational change, it is still not specific enough to account for individual communities. Specific information of how the vegetation responds to climate change and human impact can be found in palaeoecological, palaeoclimatic and archaeological studies; these studies give us clues to how the vegetation responds to main factors from millennial to centennial time scales. Combining these disciplines we can also help us to understand the role that past human populations had within a specific landscape allow us to evaluate the role that past humans played in shaping the vegetation we see today.
Here we propose a discussion amongst archaeologists, palaeoecologists, palaeoeclimatologists, human geographers, anthropologists, policy makers and NGOs to share both evidence and techniques as well to discuss to what extent past cultures and climate modulated the vegetation we see today in areas considered pristine or well preserved. Special emphasis is to evaluate what can be learned about past cultures and their vegetation/landscape use to help land management and conservation today. We expect this discussion to help integrate valuable knowledge and facilitate decision making today in creating, protecting and improving endangered vegetation communities.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
URL https://www.therai.org.uk/conferences/anthropology-weather-and-climate-change-2016
 
Description Southern Je Landscape Project Presentation at the Semana de Antropologia, Universidade Federal do Para, Curitiba, Brazil 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The project was well-received among anthropologists working with Je indigenous groups of Central and southern Brazil

After the presentation, we had several discussion with anthropologists about the project
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL https://www.facebook.com/desafiosdaalteridade?fref=ts
 
Description Southern Je Landscapes presentation at the Simposio de arqueologia Jê do Sul e Sudeste do Brasil - USP - São Paulo 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The project was well-received by the community of anthropologist working with southern Je groups in Brasil

The interdisciplinary nature and broad scope of the project raised national interest among practitioners.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.nptbr.mae.usp.br/noticias/simposio-arqueologia-dos-povos-je-no-sul-e-sudeste-do-brasil/
 
Description Southern Je Landscapes presentation at the Society for Brazilian Archaeology-Southern Brazil section conference 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact The project was well-received by the southern Brazilian archaeology research community.

Thorough this presentation we were able to disseminate the project to the southern Brazilian archaeology research community.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2014
URL http://www.sabregionalsul.com.br/sabsuljoinville2014/index.php/programacao
 
Description Território e paisagem proto-Jê meridional na encosta catarinense: modelagem preditiva e análise espacial no médio Rio Capivari - São Martinho/SC 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Presentation at the V Semana Internacional de Arqueologia - Discentes MAE/USP, São Paulo, Brazil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description The Araucaria-Fascination of Plant international day 
Form Of Engagement Activity Participation in an activity, workshop or similar
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Other audiences
Results and Impact An event organised by Dr Macarena Cárdenas in collaboration with Biological Sciences at the University of Reading with the aim of creating awareness to University staff and students as well as and primary school students about human and their interaction with the Araucaria forest.
The event was held on 18th of May 2015.

Description:
University staff, undergraduate students and schools with a total of 130 kids visited the event and fascination was assured through the fantastic world of plants.
This was the first time these two schools have worked together to create an event that came alive after Dr Jonathan Mitchley (SBS) and Dr Macarena Cárdenas (SAGES) shared their passion for plants. Combining knowledge of plants of the past through the fossil record with the modern present-day plants was an enlightening experience for all who visited the event.
"Thank you for teaching me about the monkey puzzle tree, I never knew there was such a plant, I also never saw fossils before and the patterns were beautiful." (aged 7)
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2015
URL http://drmgoeswild.com/faces-of-fopd/
 
Description The contribution of Palaeoecology to assess legacy of pre-historic human land-use and climate change on modern vegetation 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Public/other audiences
Results and Impact Macarena L. Cárdenas and Bronwen Whitney. The contribution of Palaeoecology to assess legacy of pre-historic human land-use and climate change on modern vegetation. Poster. Session: Regional syntheses of human-climate-environment interactions. PAGES Zaragoza 2017, 5th Open Science Meeting. Global Challenges for our common future a palaeoperspective. 9-13 May.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2017
 
Description V Congresso Latino Americano de Arqueometria 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact presentation: Pensando sobre mobilidade, dieta e mudança cultural: análises isotópicas no sítio Armação do Sul, Florianópolis, SC.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description VII Seminário de Pesquisa em Planejamento e Gestão Territorial. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach Regional
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact presentation: DeBlasis, Paulo
A historicidade da paisagem.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description X Encontro Regional SAB Sul e III Jornada de Atualização em Arqueologia Tupi-Guarani 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact presentation: Cronologia e dinâmicas de ocupação em casas subterrâneas: estratigrafia, datações e modelagem bayesiana no sítio Baggio I
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description X Encontro Regional SAB Sul e III Jornada de Atualização em Arqueologia Tupi-Guarani 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact presentation: A gênese dos monumentos: resistindo aos forasteiros nas contestadas paisagens do sul do Brasil
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description X Encontro Regional SAB Sul e III Jornada de Atualização em Arqueologia Tupi-Guarani. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact presentation: Paisagens Construídas e Esferas de Interação: Processos, Experiências e Estudos de Caso Durante o Holoceno Médio e Tardio
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description X Encontro Regional SAB Sul e III Jornada de Atualização em Arqueologia Tupi-Guarani. 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach National
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Presentation by R. Corteletti: S. Grãos de amido, fitólitos e endocarpos carbonizados no sítio RST-114: primeiros apontamentos sobre arqueobotânica na bacia do rio Taquari/Antas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016
 
Description XIX National Congress of Archeology Argentina- Analysis of starch grains and phytoliths from ceramic fragments of the plateau of Santa Catarina, Brazil: Rethinking the economy and mobility of the southern proto-Ge 
Form Of Engagement Activity A talk or presentation
Part Of Official Scheme? No
Geographic Reach International
Primary Audience Professional Practitioners
Results and Impact Academic presentation at a conference
Year(s) Of Engagement Activity 2016